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1.

INTRODUCTION, SCOPE AND USE OF AIR CONDITIONING


ASHRAE

ISHRAE

HVAC Application

SMACNA

ARI

Definition of Air Conditioning

How HVAC project execute (overview of design & project)

2. PHYSICS USED IN HVAC


Heat

British Thermal Unit

Temperature Scales

Modes of heat transfer Units

Enthalpy

Refrigeration

Temperature

Sensible and latent heat

Vapor compression refrigeration cycle

Vapor absorption refrigeration cycle

3. CLASSIFICATION OF AIR-CONDITIONING
Window air conditioners

Split air conditioners

Chillers (air cooled & water cooled chillers)


VRF (variable refrigerant flow)
application, differences ).

Ductable air conditioners

FCU (fan coil unit)

Desert cooler

Package air conditioners

AHU (air handling unit)

(Complete cycles involve in each machine, capacity range,

4. PSYCHOMETRIC
Introduction
temperature
Humidity ratio

Properties of air

Dry bulb temperature

Relative humidity

Psychometric analysis

Saturated air

Sensible heat ratio

Wet bulb temperature

Enthalpy of air

Dew point

Psychometric chart

By pass factor Contact factor

5. SURVEY OF BUILDING
Site inspection
dimensions

Civil layouts

Construction material
appliances Input file

Orientation of building

Type of fall ceiling

Section heights (BOS, BOB, BO F/C,)

Doors windows location

No. of people, lighting,

E-20 calculation Carrier Method

CLTD ASHRAE Method

Physical

6. LOAD CALCULATION (cooling and heating)


Manual calculation (Sample project)
Software calculationSources of heat
lights

BLOCK LOAD 4.15 LATEST VERSION

Finding ?u? value

Heat gain through wall (type of walls)

HAP 4.9 LATEST VERSION.

Heat gain through glass (conduction, radiation)

Heat gain through sky

roof , partition, ceiling, floor, ventilation

Finding Ventilation CFM by people and area method

Infiltration CFM by crack method & air change method

Heat gain through infiltration, people, lighting, appliances


7 MACHINE SELECTIONS.
Type of System
selection

Factors effecting machine selection

Ductable split air selection

Window air condition selection

Package air condition selection

Selection of Air Cooled Chiller. Selection of Water cooled Chiller

VRF selection

Split air condition

Chiller Selection

8 DESIGN OF DUCTS (MANUAL & SOFTWARE)


Introduction to ducting
Duct fittings
methods

SMACNA Standards

Duct equipments

Aspect ratio

Recommended velocity for ducts


Duct insulation
installation

Classification of ducts

Duct gauge system

Recommended duct hangers distance

Equal friction method

Thermal insulation

Duct material

Acoustic lining

Velocity reduction method


Material for insulation

Duct designing
Static regain method

Duct drafting

Duct

9 AIR DISTRIBUTION & TERMINAL SELECTIONS


Condition for Good Distribution
Continues grill

slot diffuser

Volume control damper


Side

Air Patterns
Ceiling plenum

Types of air supply devices


Little damper

Standard sizes for ceiling diffuser

Diffuser

Butterfly damper

Terminal selection

Spot grill
Grill damper

Complete Planning For Low

10 FAN SELECTIONS
Introduction

Types of fan

Loss coefficient

Fan laws

Air volume CFM

Fan performance characteristics

Static pressure

Fan selection requirements

Sound characteristics

Fan selection

Fan installation

11 VENTILATION
Toilet exhaust system

Car parking ventilation system

Kitchen exhaust system

12 ESTIMATION OF MATERIAL REQUIREMENT WITH SPECIFICATIONS


No. of GI sheets for ducting
No. of spot grills

Gauge selection for ducting

Continues grills requirements

FIRE damper & Butter fly dampers

No. of SAD and RAD

No. of VCD with size

Grill and diffuser dampers requirements

Flexible duct requirements

Flexible connection

13. DESIGN OF CHILLED WATER PIPES, (MANUAL & SOFTWARE)


Series loop

One pipe main

Two pipe direct return

Four pipe system Material for chill water piping

Chill water pipe insulation

Three pipe system

Classification of pipes Chill water pipe designing (or) Sizing

Finding velocity Chill Water pipe sizing using Manual


Pipe installation

Two pipe reverse return

Chill Water pipe sizing using pipe sizer

Pipe insulation Material

Floor piping

Insulation thickness.

14. FITTINGS
Pipe fitting

Machine fitting

AHU (or) FCU fitting

Pump fitting

15. CHILLED WATER PUMP SELECTION


16. CAV, VAV
17. AIR-CONDITIONING SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT
18. INSTRUMENTATION, TESTING AND BALANCING
.
19. PLANNING AND DESIGNING THE HVAC SYSTEM. (CLASS PROJECT)
20. COMPLETE INSTALLING DETAIL FOR HVAC.

Chiller fitting

Valve selection

MEP Training
MODULE-1 (HVAC)
1-INTRODUCTION

Training Files Setup

Modifying the View

Common Tasks

2-STARTING MEP PROJECTS

Linking Projects

View Templates

3-MODIFYING SYSTEM SETTINGS

General System Options

File Locations

Spelling Options

Snap Settings

4-PLANNING MECHANICAL SYSTEMS

Preparing Spaces

Zones in the System Browser

Analytical Models

Placing Spaces

Spaces in Open Areas

Zones on a Single Level

Heating & Cooling Loads

Multi-Level Spaces

Zones on Multiple Levels

Zone Color Schemes

Airflow Schedules

5-DESIGNING MECHANICAL AIR SYSTEMS

Hosted Air Terminals

Ductwork

Non-Hosted Air Terminals

Secondary Supply Air Systems

Manually Creating Ductwork

6-DESIGNING MECHANICAL PIPING SYSTEMS

Adding Mechanical Equipment

Adding Pipes Using Manual Layout

Checking Piping Systems

Creating Piping Systems

Adding Valves

Adding Pipes Using Auto Layout

Sizing Pipes

Inspecting the System

MODULE-2 (ELECTRICAL)
7-PLANNING ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Specifying Electrical Systems

Defining Required Lighting

Color Fills & Schedules

8-DESIGNING ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Lighting Fixtures

IES Data

Creating Switch Systems

Checking Your Design

Switches / Junction Boxes & Receptacles

Power Loads

Lighting Circuits with Wire

Balancing Wire Size-n-Breaker Services

Panel Schedules

MODULE-3 (PLUMBING & FIREFIGHTING)


9-PLUMBING SYSTEMS

Plumbing & Piping Systems

Adding Sinks to Sanitary Systems


Systems

Sanitary Plumbing Fixtures

Refining Sanitary Stacks

Sanitary Systems

Cold Water Systems

Hot Water

10-PLANNING FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS

Specifying Pipe Settings

Determining Zone Requirements

Sprinkler Design Schedules

11-DESIGNING FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS


Adding Sprinklers
Diameters

Creating Piping Systems

Fire Protection Wet Systems

Vertical Supply Piping

Pipe

MODULE-4 (FAMILIES, DETAILING, ANNOTATIONS...)


12-CREATING DOCUMENTATION VIEWS
Duplicating Plan Views
Callout Views

Creating Dependent Views

Creating Plumbing Isometric Risers

Creating

13-ANNOTATIONS & DIMENSIONS

Creating Annotations

Creating Dimensions

Creating a Legend

14-DETAILING

Model-Based Riser Diagram Details

Drafting Detail Components

Creating Detail Wiring

Model-Based Isometric Details

Importing CAD Drawings

15-REVIT MEP FAMILIES

Fan Families

Fan Powered VAV Box Families

Light Fixture Tag Families


Families

Flange Families

Electrical Equipment Families


Elbow Pipe Fitting Families

Toilet Families

Annotation Symbol

PRELUDE TO HVAC
Fundamentals Modes of Heat Transfer Sensible Heat and Latent Heat
Basic Components of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration machines
Basic Refrigeration System or Vapor Compression Cycle
Pressure Enthalpy Chart Function & Types of Compressor Function & Types of Condenser
Function & Types of Expansion Valve Function & Types of Evaporator Accessories used in the System
Refrigerant and Brines
Classification of Air-Conditioning System
Window A/C

Working of Window A/C with Line Diagrams

Split A/C

Types of Split A/C

Ductable Split A/C

Working of Split A/C with Line Diagrams

Working of Ductable Split A/C with Line Diagrams

Variable Refrigerant Volume (VRV)/ Variable Refrigerant Flow (VRF)


Ductable Package A/C Working of Ductable Package A/C with Line Diagrams
Package Roof Top Units

Central Plant Chill Water System

Categories of Air Conditioning


All air system All water system

Air - water system

Direct Refrigerant system

Study of Psychrometric Charts


Dry Bulb Temperature Wet Bulb Temperature Dew Point Temperature Relative Humidity Humidity Ratio
Processes
Heating
Cooling
Values Using the Chart

Cooling and Dehumidification

Heating and Humidification

Finding

Load Calculation
Survey of Building

Cooling Load Steps

Finding Temperature difference (T)


Finding U Factor

Wall

Glass

Wall
Roof

Partition

Load Calculations (Manually using E-20 form)

ESHF, ADP & Air Flow Rate (CFM) Calculation

Aspect Ratio

Roof

Partition

Finding Ventilation requirement for IAQ

Duct-Definition & Terminology

Glass

Air Distribution System

Duct Design consideration

Finding Duct size using Ductulator

Duct sizing methods

Duct sizing as per

Calculation of Number of sheets for Duct

Gauge selection for Sheet Metal

Bill of Materials for Duct Network

Legends and Symbols

Selection of Diffusers and Grilles

Duct Materials and Insulation materials used in HVAC Industry

Duct Routing - Preparation of single line diagram (SLD)


Preparation of Layouts (Double line Diagram - DLD) as per SMACNA rules
Openings for Ducts passing through Wall
Concept of CAV & VAV
Hydronic System

Sectional drawing @ Duct supports

Static Pressure Calculation

Selection of Motor HP Selection Fan/Blower RPM

Classification of Water Piping Pipe sizing for chill water system

HVAC Piping System

Valves used in the HVAC Piping System Function of Valves

Pipes passing through Wall

Sectional drawing @ CHW Pipe supports

Pump

Fittings used in the


Openings for CHW

Pump Head Calculation Selection of

Air Conditioning Concepts

HVAC softwares
XL sheet for Load Calculations Duct sizer for Duct sizing
Pipe sizer for Pipe sizing

TroxCADBase for Diffuser & Grilles

Psychrometry Software

PLUMBING SYSTEMS AS PER NBC AND UPC


Fundamentals of Plumbing System
Introduction
Wash Basin

Definitions
Water Closet

Concepts

Bidet

Bath Tub

Fixtures, Faucets and Fixture fittings


Shower

Urinals

Kitchen Sink

Floor Drain

Design of Domestic Water Supply and Distribution System


Requirements of Water Supply System Water Demand Calculations
Underground Sump(UGS) sizing

Water Storage Calculations

Elevated storage Reservoir(ESR) sizing

Internal Water Supply System

Direct Pumping System

Hydro-pneumatic system

Over Head tank distribution system

Design Procedure for Internal Water Supply System


Flow rate (q) & Loading Unit (z) From Probability equation
Hazen Williams Formula for Head Loss Calculation
Pumping Calculations HP/Watts

Internal Water Supply Pipe sizing calculations

Number of tapping to be connected in Bigger Diameter Pipe

Material used in Internal water supply system External Water Supply System
Number of Population served

Number of Fixtures served by Each Pipe

Design Procedure for External Water Supply System


External Water Supply Pipe Sizing Calculations Material used in External water supply system
Water Supply Schematic Layout

Design of Sanitary Drainage System

Requirements of Sanitary Drainage System


Types of Sanitary Drainage Systems
Single stack system

Single stack (partially ventilated) system

One Pipe System

Two Pipe System

System requirement for Internal Sanitary Drainage System

Internal Sanitary Drainage Pipe Sizing Calculations

Design Procedure for External Sanitary Drainage System

External Sanitary Drainage Pipe Sizing Calculations

Calculation of Slope by Mannings formula


Sanitary Drainage Schematic Layout

Calculating Depth of Inspection Chamber/ Manholes

Design of Storm Water Drainage System

Using Continuity Equation, Mannings Formula and Rational Formula


Storm Water Drainage Pipe Sizing Calculations Material used in Sanitary Drainage system
Introduction to the specialized PHE

Schematic Layout of Water Treatment Plants

Schematic Layout of Sewage Treatment Plants Plumbing Drawings


FIRE FIGHTING SYSTEMS
Fundamentals of Fire Protection System
Introduction
Hose Reel

Definitions
Dry Riser

Requirements of Fire Protection System

Wet Riser

Down Comer

Yard Hydrant

Introduction to the Fire Detection Application


Design of Fire Protection Schematic Layouts and Pipe Sizing
Design of Fire Water Storage and Pumping Calculation

Fire extinguisher
Automatic Sprinkler system