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#The Torah meaning Instruction, Teaching or the Pentateuch is the central reference of the

religious Judaic tradition. It can most specifically mean the first five books of the twenty-four books
of the Tanakh, and it usually includes the perushim (rabbinic commentaries). The term "Torah"
means instruction and offers a way of life for those who follow it it can mean the continued
narrative from Book of Genesis to the end of the Tanakh, and it can even mean the totality of
Jewish teaching, culture and practice.

#Aaron was the older brother of Moses and a prophet of God. Unlike Moses, who grew up in the
Egyptian royal court, Aaron and his elder sister Miriam remained with their kinsmen in the eastern
border-land of Egypt.

#The Sinai Peninsula, a peninsula in Egypt.

#El Shaddai is one of the names of god of Israel.

#Elohim is a plural noun for gods.

#Yahweh is the national god of the Iron Age kingdoms of Israel (Samaria) and Judah.

#book of Exodus is the second book of the Torah and the Hebrew Bible (the Old
Testament).

#Edom is the name of a country and a people located initially in Transjordan, between
Ammon to the north, the Dead Sea and the Arabah to the west, and the Arabian desert to
the south and east.

Overview of Priestly source of Genesis

The Priestly source ( denoted by P) is one of the sources of the Torah, together with the Yahwist,
Elohist and the Deuteronomist. P was written to show that even when all seemed lost, God
remained present with Israel. Attributes of Priestly source include a set of claims that are
contradicted by non-Priestly passages and therefore uniquely characteristic:
To name a few no sacrifice before the institution is ordained by God at Sinai, the exalted status of
Aaron and the priesthood, and the use of the divine title El Shaddai before God reveals his name
to Moses.

The Priestly work is concerned with priestly matters ritual law, the origins of shrines and rituals,
and genealogies all expressed in a formal, repetitive style.It stresses the rules and rituals of
worship, and the crucial role of priests, expanding considerably on the role given to Aaron (all
Levites are priests, but according to P only the descendants of Aaron were to be allowed to
officiate in the inner sanctuary).
*Ps God is majestic, and transcendent, and all things happen because of his power and will.He
reveals himself in stages, first as Elohim, then to Abraham as El Shaddai and finally to Moses by
his unique name, Yahweh. P divides history into four epochs from Creation to Moses by means of
covenants between God and Noah, Abraham and Moses.The Israelites are God's chosen people,
his relationship with them is governed by the covenants, and P's God is concerned that Israel
should preserve its identity by avoiding intermarriage with non-Israelites.P is deeply concerned
with "holiness", meaning the ritual purity of the people and the land: Israel is to be "a priestly
kingdom and a holy nation" , and P's elaborate rules and rituals are aimed at creating and
preserving holiness.P is responsible for the first of the two creation stories in Genesis (Genesis 1),
for Adam's genealogy, part of the Flood story, the Table of Nations, and the genealogy of Shem.

Most of the remainder of Genesis is from the Yahwist, but P provides the covenant with Abraham (chapter 17) and a few
other stories concerning Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.The book of Exodus is also divided between the Yahwist and P, and

the usual understanding is that the Priestly writer(s) were adding to an already-existing Yahwist narrative.[23] Chapters
124 (from bondage in Egypt to God's appearances at Sinai) and chapters 3234 (the golden calf incident) are from the
Yahwist and P's additions are relatively minor,P was responsible for chapters 2531 and 3540, the instructions for
making the Tabernacle and the story of its fabrication.

Yahwist Account
The Jahwist, or Yahwist, often abbreviated J, is one of the hypothesized sources of the Pentateuch
(Torah). According to the basic four-source hypothesis first proposed by Julius Wellhausen, the J
Source is the oldest strand of the Pentateuch, dating back to the 9th or 10th century B.C.E.
In J, Yahweh is an anthropomorphic figure both physically and mentally. J has a particular
fascination for traditions concerning Judah, including its relationship with its rival and neighbor,
Edom; its focus on Judahite cities such as Jerusalem; and its support of the legitimacy of the
Davidic monarchy. J is also critical of the other tribes of Israel, for example, by suggesting that the
Northern Kingdom's capital of Shechem was captured via a massacre of the original inhabitants.

Yahwists primeval history is a story of increasing disobedience, violence, and corruption. It starts
with an etiological tale recounting how and why man has fallen from the presence of his god,
specifically identified as Yahweh, and is consigned to toil a ground that has now become cursed to
him, namely on account of his desire to follow his own will. We are then introduced to a story of
fratricide, perpetrated by the first human brothers , a mythic tale describing the corruption of mortal
women by the sons of the gods, and the increasing violence and corruption of mortals in general
due to their inherent evil inclination

Comparison of the two accounts:

The Priestly version stresses on God as transcendent and humanity's authority. In


contrast, the Yahwist version stresses on God as immanent and humanity's free
will. In relation to animals and plants, the Priestly version says that all plants are
meant to be eaten, and animals have a different purpose than humans. The Yahwist
version states that some plants should not be eaten and animals are men's
companions. While humans are told to serve the Earth in the Yahwist version,
humans are told to subdue the Earth in the Priestly version.