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# PA - 46

JAMIAN
SUPERVISOR

YUSOFF
A12KE0098

## CLASSIFICATION AND LOCATION

OF FAULTS IN TRANSMISSION LINE VIA WAVELET TRANSFORM
ABSTRACT

PROJECT BACKGROUND

## A technique is presented in this study to analyze fault

classification and location in two system models of
transmission line Single-Ended Series and DoubleEnded Parallel Models. Wavelet transform approach is
used in analyzing four different types of fault signals.
Daubechies 4 (Db4) and Haar mother wavelet are used
in classification and location of faults respectively.
Energy ratio is analyzed to precisely indicate the fault
types in minimum of times. Fault location is performed
with the error obtained is less than 1%. The validation
of this accurate result is done by comparing it with
several papers on the analysis of fault.

## Transmission line is highly exposed to the occurrence of

fault that may lead to extensive effects on the system such as
disturbances, breakdown and damage in the equipment. For
a better recovery system, the fault should be cleared and
isolated immediately by classifying and locate its location
precisely. A comprehensive analysis of faults in transmission
line can help in improving the power system quality hence
maintaining the reliability of the power supply.

RESULTS
200 km
300 km

APPROACH
Long T. Line
IMPORTANT to
Detect EXACT
Type & Location
of Fault

## Single-Ended Series Model Double-Ended Parallel Model

SLGF

3 PF
A

FAULT
CLASSIFICATION
Single-Ended Model

FAULT
SIGNALS

## Signals Data Injected Into

Wavelet Transform
Fault Location :
Distance Analysis

DLGF

LLF

Double-Ended Model

FAULT LOCATION
Single-Ended Model Double-Ended Model

Fault Classification :
Energy Ratio Analysis
Distance of fault, x ;
x = v . t
Where,
v = wave velocity =1 / LC
t=Time_Peak2 Time_Peak1

Error (%) =
Actual km X
100
Total Line km

ERROR
COMPARED

CONCLUSION
Classification of fault based on energy ratio analysis can
be identified in a short period of time.
Location of fault using wavelet approach resulted in the
error less than 1%.
Wavelet transform is an efficient approach in analyzing
the classification and location of faults.

2. Sahu, S. and D.A.K. Sharma. Detection of Fault Location in Transmission Lines Using Wavelet Transform. International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, 2013. 3(5): 149-151.
12.Baseer, M.A. Travelling Waves for Finding the Fault Location in Transmission Lines. Journal Electrical and Electronic Engineering, 2013. 1(1): 1-19.
18.Mishra, R.C., et al. Wavelet Based Transmission Line Fault Classification and Location. IEEE, 2014 14(2): 1-5.
21.Megahed, A.I., et al. Wavelet Based Fault Location Technique for Two and Three Terminal Lines. IEEE, 2012: 1-7.