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3-8 A manometer is used to measure

the air pressure in a tank. The fluid used

has a specific gravity of 1.25, and the

differential height between the two

arms of the manometer is 71cm. If the

local atmospheric pressure is 87.56kPa,

determine the absolute pressure in the

tank for the cases of the manometer arm

with the (a) higher and (b) lower fluid

level being attached to the tank.

3-13 Show that 1kgf/cm2 = 98.1kPa

3-14 A 91kg man has a total foot

imprint area of 464.5 cm2. Determine

the pressure this man exerts on the

ground if (a) he stands on both feet and

(b) he stands on one foot.

3-17 A pressure gauge connected to a

tank reads 344.733kPa at a location

where the barometric reading is 74cm

in Hg. Determine the absolute pressure

in the tank. Take rHg = 13600kg/m3.

Answer: 443.46kPa

3-23 Determine the pressure exerted on

the surface of a submarine cruising 91m

below the free surface of the sea.

Assume that the barometric pressure is

101.35kPa and the specific gravity is

1.03.

3-38 The pressure in a natural gas

pipeline is measured by the manometer

shown in Fig. P3-38 with one of the

arms open to the atmosphere where the

local atmospheric pressure is 97.9kPa.

Determine the absolute pressure in the

pipeline.

106

5cm

25cm

63.5cm

15cm

FIGURE P3-38

106

by oil with a specific gravity of 0.69.

107

each other through a manometer. If the

difference between the mercury levels

in the two arms is 81cm, determine the

pressure difference between the two

tanks. The densities of oil and mercury

are 720.83kg/m3, and 13583.65 kg/m3

repectively.

107

25cm

81cm

FIGURE P3-44

109

0.6m hinged at point A is used as an

automatic gate, as shown in Fig. P3-61.

When the water level reaches 5.0m, the

cylindrical gate opens by turning about

the hinge at point A. Determine (a) the

hydrostatic force acting in the cylinder

and its line of action when the gate

opens and (b) the weight of the cylinder

per m length of the cylinder.

109

5.0m

0.6m

FIGURE P3-61

109

110

dam filled to capacity. Determine (a)

the hydrostatic force on the dam and (b)

the force per unit area of the dam near

the top and ner the bottom.

3-68 The flow of water from a reservoir

is controlled by a 1.8m wide L-shaped

gate hinged at point A, as shown in

Fig.P3-68. If it is desired that the gate

open when the water height is 3.6m,

determine the mass of the required

weight W.

110

1.5m

45m

3.6m

FIGURE P3-68

110

111

112

height of 2.4m.

3-83 A crane is used to lower weights

into a lake for an underwater

construction project. Determine the

tension in the rope of the crane due to a

1.0m diameter spherical steel block

(density = 7913kg/m3) when it is (a)

suspended in the air and (b) completely

immersed in water.

3-97 A 0.6m diameter vertical

cylindrical tank open to the atmosphere

contains 0.3m high water. The tank is

now rotated about the centerline, and

the water level drops at the certer while

it rises at the edges. Determine angular

velocity at which the bottom of the tank

will first be exposed. Also determine

the maximum water height at this

moment.

112

0.6m

FIGURE P3-97

113

113

rectangular tank open to the atmosphere

is towed by a truck on a level road. The

tank is filled with water to a depth of

2m.

Determine

the

maximum

acceleration or deceleration allowed if

no water to spill during toeing.

3-108 A 2.5m long tank open to the

atmosphere initially contains 0.9m high

water. It is being towed by a truck on a

level road. The truck driver applies the

rises 15cm above the initial level.

Determine the deceleration of the truck.

Answer: 2.4m/s2

113

0.15m

0.9m

2.5m

FIGURE P3-108

114

115

given to be 75kgf/cm2. Express this

pressure in kPa, atm and bars.

3-122 Consider a U-tube whose arms

are open to the atmosphere. Now equal

volumes of water and light oil

(r=789.7kg/m3) are poured from

different arms. A person blows from the

oil side of the U-tube untill the contact

surface of the two fluids moves to the

botttom of the U-tube, and thus the

liquid levels in the two arms are the

same. If the fluid height in arm is

0.75m, determine the gauge pressure

the person exerts on the oil by blowing.

115

0.75m

FIGURE P3-122

116

double U manometer as shown in Fig.

P3-126 at a location where the local

atmospheric pressure is 97.9kPa.

Determine the absolute pressure at the

center of the pipe.

116

0.9m

1.5m 1.0m

0.4m

FIGURE P3-126

118

tunnel is to be built under a 50m deep,

250m long lake, as shown in Fig. P3141, Determine the total hydrostatic

force acting on the roof of the tunnel.

119

50m

10m

FIGURE P3-141

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