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Zaria Trunk Main

Specification

The paint manufacturers instructions shall be followed closely, particularly regarding coat
thicknesses, drying time, pre-treatment, etc.
The base coat shall be applied in the shop within four hours of sandblasting. The surfaces
which shall not be affected by the welding operations shall be painted with an intermediary
coat.
For painting on site, the following shall apply.
Welding zones and zones which have been damaged shall be carefully cleaned and made
smooth as described above. After cleaning and smoothening, a base coat and an intermediary
coat shall be applied. All surfaces shall receive two coats of finishing paint. The total
thickness of paint shall be not less than 280 micron.
System
No

Application

Ferrous surfaces, including items of structural steelwork subject exposure and to atmospheric operating at
up to 1 00 C.

Not used.

Ferrous surfaces in contact with soil or water not specified to be galvanized or mortar zinc metal sprayed ,
coated.

Ferrous surfaces within 100 mm of a site weld line, all ferrous surfaces encased in concrete and for
temporary protection to ferrous surfaces.

Ferrous surfaces subject to atmospheric exposure, not insulated, operating and subject to temperatures
between 100 C and 500 C

Proprietary coating systems.


Internal surface of ferrous storage tanks, pipe ends receiving flange adaptors and flexible couplings and
inside surfaces of socket joints.

7
8

Galvanising

Coating thickness for liquid coatings are referred to throughout as minimum dry film
thickness (m.d.f.t.).
2.19.18.2

Coating System 1

Ferrous surfaces, including items of structural steelwork subject atmospheric exposure and
operating at up to 100 C
1

Prior to blast cleaning, surface irregularities and surface contaminants shall be removed.

Blast clean surfaces to visual standard of Sa 2!/2 in accordance with SIS 05 5900

Surface amplitude of between 50 and 75 microns shall be obtained.

Method of coating application, drying/curing conditions and overcoating sequence shall be in


accordance with coating manufacturer's recommendations.

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Zaria Trunk Main

Specification

Ensure surface to be coated is free from dust, grit or foreign matter immediately prior to coating
application.

5
6

Immediately prior to coating application ensure surfaces still have Sa 2 1/2 surface quality

Coating thickness.

Primer

Undercoat

Zinc-rich 2-pack
epoxy 50 microns
m.d.f.t.

2.19.18.3

Intermediate

High-build 2-pack
epoxy 100 microns
m.d.f.t.

High-build 2-pack
epoxy 100 microns
m.d.f.t.

Finish Coat

Total Dry Film


Thickness

Polyurethane acrylic
290 microns m.d.f.t.
40 microns m.d.f.t.

Coating System 3

Ferrous surfaces, except inside surfaces of water storage tanks, in contact with soil or water,
not specified to be zinc metal sprayed, galvanized or mortar coated.
1

Prior to blast cleaning, surface irregularities and surface contaminants shall be removed.

Blast clean surfaces to visual standard of Sa 2!/2 in accordance with SIS 05 5900.

Surface amplitude of between 50 and 75 microns shall be obtained.

Method of coating application, dry/curing conditions and overcoating sequence shall be in


accordance with coating manufacturer's recommendation.
Ensure surface to be coasted is free from dust, grit or foreign matter immediately prior to coating
application.
Immediately prior to coating application ensure surfaces still have Sa 2!/2 surface quality.
Coating thickness.

Additional inspection requirements.

4
5
6

Finish Coat

Total Dry Film Thickness

Pure solvent-free polyurethane 1.5 mm m.d.f.t.

1.5 mm m.d.f.t.

The coating shall be compatible with the application of cathodic protection and cathodic
disbondment test data shall be submitted by Contractor for Engineer's approval. The use of a
primer to improve cathodic disbondment characteristics may be acceptable subject to
Engineer's approval.
2.19.18.4

Coating System 4

Ferrous surfaces within 100 mm of a site weld line, temporary protection for surfaces and all
ferrous surfaces encased in concrete.
1

Prior to blast cleaning, surface irregularities and surface contaminants shall be removed.

Blast clean surfaces to visual standard of Sa 2!/z in accordance with SIS 05 5900.

Surface amplitude of between 25 and 50 microns shall be obtained.

Method of coating application, dry/curing conditions and overcoating sequence shall be in accordance with
coating manufacturer's recommendation.
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Zaria Trunk Main

Specification

Ensure surface to be coated is free from dust, grit or foreign matter immediately prior to coating application.

Immediately prior to coating application, ensure surfaces still have Sa 2 1A surface quality.

Coating thickness.
Coating

Total Dry Film Thickness

2 - pack epoxy zinc phosphate primer

2.19.18.5

25 to 50 microns m.d.f.t.

Coating System 5

Ferrous surfaces subject to atmospheric exposure, not insulated and subject to operating
temperatures between 100 C and 500 C.
1
2
3
4
5
6

Prior to blast cleaning, surface irregularities and surface contaminants shall be removed.
Blast clean surfaces to visual standards of Sa 3 in accordance with SIS 05 5900.
Surface amplitude of between 75 and 115 microns shall be obtained.
Method of coating application by gas flame or electric arc process using aluminium wire.
Ensure surface to be coated is free from dust, grit or foreign matter immediately prior to coating
application.
Immediately prior to coating application, ensure surfaces still have Sa 3 surface quality.

Coating thickness.

Apply sealing coat.


Coating

Aluminium metal spray 150 to 250 microns thick

2.19.18.6

Sealer Coat
Aluminium silicone, minimum thickness to achieve
complete sealing and coverage

Coating System 6

Items of equipment which due to their use and/or complexity are not suitable for coating with
any of the coating systems defined elsewhere in this Specification may, on the Engineer's
approval, be coated with Contractor's standard heavy duty coating system(s). In such
circumstances, the Contractor shall submit full details of the proposed coating system(s) for
review and approval by the Engineer prior to ordering.
The Contractors submittal to the Engineer shall include but not necessarily be limited to the
following:
Proven suitability of the coating system for an aggressive salt laden environment.
Contractor's procedures and specification for substrate surface preparation, coating
application and quality control.
Coating manufacturer's data sheets and recommendation for surface preparation and
coating application.
The m.d.f.t.'s for each coating application and for the total coating system.
2.19.18.7

Coating System 7
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Zaria Trunk Main

Specification

Internal surfaces of ferrous storage tanks.


1

Prior to blast cleaning, surface irregularities and surface contaminants shall be removed.

Blast clean surfaces to visual of Sa 2 !/2 in accordance with SIS 05 5900 - 1967.

Surface amplitude of between 50 and 75 microns shall be obtained.

6
7

Method of coating application, drying/curing conditions and overcoating sequence shall be in


accordance with coating manufacturer's recommendations.
Ensure surface to be coated is free from dust , grit or foreign matter immediately prior to coating
application. prior to coating application ensure surface still has Sa 2 l/2 surface quality.
Immediately
Coating thickness.

Additional inspection-requirements.

4
5

Primer
2-pack epoxy zinc
phosphate 25 microns
m.d.f.t.

Undercoat
and
Intermediate Coats
High-build
2-pack
epoxy 100 microns
each m.d.t.f.

Finish Coat
High-build e-pack
epoxy 100 microns
m.d.f.t.

Total Dry Film


Thickness
325 microns m.d.f.t.

The Contractor shall submit to the Engineer test certificates from the proposed coating
manufacturer to demonstrate compatibility of the coating system with the substances to be
stored in the tank. Additionally, coating to be used in water storage tanks shall be compatible
with the application of cathodic protection and cathodic disbondment test data shall be
submitted by Contractor for Engineer's approval.
2.19.18.8

Coating System 8

Surfaces required to be hot dip galvanized are ladder, racks, cable trays, stair-treads, gratings,
grilles, handrailing, bolts, nuts, washers and other miscellaneous carbon steel or low alloy
steel items unless otherwise specified.
Other surfaces requiring galvanizing shall be as shown on drawings and in the Specifications.
Galvanising shall be carried out only after completion of all welding, drilling, grinding and
other fabrication activities associated with the items to be galvanized. Steels to be galvanized
shall not be susceptible to embrittlement by the galvanising process.
Galvanising shall be in accordance with BS 729. The minimum zinc coating weight shall not
be less than 610 g/m of surface area or, for threaded fasteners only, 305 g/m of surface area.
The galvanized surfaces shall possess a uniform bright metallic sheen free from defects.
In special cases and at the Engineer's sole discretion, threaded fasteners may be zinc electroplated and passivated in accordance with BS 1706, class 'A'. Steels possessing a minimum
specified ultimate tensile strength of 100 kg/mm2 or greater shall be heat treated in
accordance with Appendix 'Hr of BS 1706 prior to passivation.
Where galvanised ferrous metals are specified to be painted, the following shall be applied:
Preparations: Degrease
1 coat zinc chromate primer, 25-50 microns m.d.f.t.
Primer:
Finishing:
2 coats alkyd gloss finish, 50 microns m.d.f.t.

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