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Marcelo, James Marvin T.

BSME LP IV
Titanium Alloys are metals that contain a mixture of titanium and other chemical
elements. Such alloys have very high tensile strength and toughness (even at extreme
temperatures). They are light in weight, have extraordinary corrosion resistance and the
ability to withstand extreme temperatures.
The attributes of titanium alloys of prime importance:
Outstanding corrosion resistance - Titaniums excellent corrosion resistance allows
applications in chemical processing equipment, marine components, and biomedical
implants such as hip prostheses. Titanium alloys are used for sports equipment such as
the heads of golf clubs.
Excellent erosion resistance erosion is where a high velocity liquid, for example
water, hits the material and removes the oxide that is coated in a metal thus exposing
the metal itself that is likely vulnerable to corrosion. Although titanium is resistant,
penetration can still happen but in a long span of time.
High Specific Strength - Strengths up to 200,000 psi (1400 MPa), coupled with a
density of 4.505 g/cm3, provide excellent mechanical properties.
Superior strength-to-weight ratios - In the majority of these and other engineering
applications titanium has replaced heavier, less serviceable or less cost-effective
materials

Alpha Titanium Alloys


Commercially pure titanium and alpha alloys of titanium are non-heat treatable and are
generally very weld able. They have:

Low to medium strength

Good notch toughness

Reasonably good ductility

Excellent mechanical properties at cryogenic temperatures

Pure titanium and alpha alloys possess the highest corrosion resistance. More highly
alloyed near-alpha alloys offer optimum high temperature creep strength and oxidation
resistance.
Beta Titanium Alloys
Beta or near beta alloys are:

Fully heat treatable

Generally weld able

Capable of high strengths

Possess good creep resistance up to intermediate temperatures

Excellent formability can be expected in the beta alloys in the solution treated
condition
Beta-type alloys applications include high-strength fasteners, beams, and other fittings
for aerospace applications.
Alpha Beta Titanium Alloys
Alpha Beta alloys are heat treatable and most are weldable. Typical properties include:

Strength levels are medium to high

High temperature creep strength is not as good as most alpha alloys

Cold forming may be limited but hot forming qualities are normally good

Many alloys can be super plastically formed

Refractory metals - which include tungsten, molybdenum, tantalum, and niobium (or
columbium), have exceptionally high melting temperatures (above 1925C) and,
consequently,
have the potential for high temperature service. Applications include filaments for
lightbulbs, rocket nozzles, nuclear power generators, tantalum- and niobium-based
electronic capacitors, and chemical processing equipment. The metals, however, have a
high density, limiting their specific strengths.
Oxidation of refractory metals begin between 200C and 425C and are rapidly
contaminated or embrittled. Consequently, special precautions are required during
casting, hot working, or welding. Coating, with high melting temperature, penetration
resistant from contaminants, compatible with a refractory metal, and has a thermal
expansion similar to a refractory metal.
Precious Metals As their name suggests, these metals are precious and expensive.
These includes Gold, Silver, Palladium, platinum and rhodium. One best quality about
these metals is that they are very good conductors of electricity and can also resist
corrosion. As a result, these metals are often used as electrodes for devices. Examples
where precious metals are used as electrodes are:
-

Electroplating - coat (a metal object) by electrolytic deposition with chromium,


silver, or another metal. These reduce abrasive wear / Improve wear resistance,
resist corrosion in a chemically challenged environment and sometimes, for
aesthetics.
Welding These precious metals can still be used as electrodes when arc welding
because of its resistance to corrosion and has high conductivity.