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GDS-Physics

Work, Power, Energy


1.

A man weighs 600 N. He runs up a staircase of total height 4.0 metres in 3.0 seconds.
How much useful power is needed to do this?

7200 W
450 W
2400 W
800 W

2.

When a 300 N force is applied to a box weighing 600 N, the box moves 3.0 m horizontally in 20 s.
What is the average power?

45 W
90 W
1800 W
900 W

3.

Energy from petrol is used to operate an engine. The engine drives a generator, which produces
electrical energy.
What is the overall efficiency of the process?

25%
83%
55%
30%

4.

Which of the following is incorrect? (g = 10 N/kg.)

1 Joule is equal to 1 Newton.meter


Energy of an object can be increased by doing

work on it.

Energy of motion is called kinetic energy.


A 4kg stone 5m above the ground has a

5.

higher potential energy than a 2kg object 10m above the ground.

A 4 kg mass is moving at constant speed. The kinetic energy of the mass is 128 J. What is the speed of
the mass?

8m/s
16 m / s
4m/s
2m/s

6.

Energy due to motion is called

Nuclear energy
Potential energy
Heat energy
Kinetic energy

7.

A man weighing 800 N climbs a vertical distance of 15 m in 30 s. What is his average power output?

800/15 W
5 kW
80/3 W
400 W

8.

A boy pushed a box for 6m. If the


boy?

work done on the box is 480 J. what is the force applied by the

60N
40N
80N
50N

9.

A rock of mass 20 kg is travelling in space at a speed of 6m/ s. What is its kinetic energy?

720 J
120 J
360 J
60 J

10. A man carrying a load of 6 kg runs upstairs. If the work that the man does on the load is 300 J, find the
height of the stairs. (g = 10 N/kg.)
10 m
5m
3m
6m

11. The object of mass m is released from a height of 1.8 m as shown in the figure.
What is the speed of the object just before is strikes the ground?
(Hint: First find the potential energy of the mass at the beginning.)

12 m/s
20 m/s
10 m/s

12. The diagram shows a curved track. A ball is released from the position shown.
At which point does the ball have the maximum kinetic energy?

D
A
B
C

13. A motor can fill a tank, which is at a height of 10m above the ground in 4 minutes. Capacity of the tank
is 2400 kg water. Find the power of motor. (g=10 N/kg)
1000 W
500 W
100 W
250 W

14. The efficiency of an electrical generator is 65 %.


Which useful output can be expected if the energy input to the generator is 12 kJ?
780 kJ
19 kJ
4.2 kJ
7.8 kJ

15. The diagram shows energy transfer through a machine. What is the efficiency of the machine?

16. Which of following is the unit of work?


N/m
m
m2
J

17. Which of the following is incorrect? (g = 10 N/kg.)


A 4kg stone 5m above the ground has a

higher potential energy than a 2kg object 10m above the ground.

Energy of an object can be increased by doing

work on it.

Energy of motion is called kinetic energy.


1 Joule is equal to 1 Newton.meter

18. Four students exercise in a gym. Which student does the most work?

II
I
III
IV

19. What is the kinetic energy of a 50 kg boy who runs at a speed of 4 m/s?
800J

200 J
400J
1600 J

20. A 15 kg object falls by 5m vertically. Find the decrease in potential energy of the object.
750J
75J
1500J
150J

21. A workman rolls a barrel of weight 2000N up a plank of length 2.00m and on to a lorry.
The back of the lorry is 0.80m above the horizontal surface of the road.
What is the work done on the barrel against gravity?

1600J
4000J
2500J
1000J

22. A 2 kg mass is moving at constant speed. The kinetic energy of the mass is 400 J. What is the speed of the
mass?
20 m / s
200 m / s
400 m / s
0.4 m / s

23. A motor has a power of 300W. In how many second can this motor lift a 100 N weight to 12 m?
2s

4s
36s
6s

24. A motor can fill a tank, which is at a height of 10m above the ground in 4 minutes. Capacity of the tank is
2400 kg water. Find the power of motor. (g=10 N/kg)
500 W
250 W
100 W
1000 W

25. A girl of weight 500 N runs up a flight of stairs in 10 seconds. The vertical height of the stairs is 5 m.
What is the average power developed by the girl?

250 W
100 W
1000 W
50 W

Electricity
A series circuit consists of a battery and three resistors arranged as shown in the diagram below. What is the
potential difference Vxy ?

3.0 V
9.0 V
6.0 V
21 V

Under which condition does Ohms law apply?


The current must be constant.
The power must be constant.
The temperature must be constant.
The voltage must be constant.

Two resistors of 6
terminals X and Y.
The current in the 6

and 12

are arranged in parallel. A potential difference is connected across the

resistor is 4 A. What is the current in the ammeter?

12 A
4A
6A
8A

Two resistors of resistances R1=4


potential difference V=36V.

and R2=5

are connected in series. Then they are connected across a

Calculate the voltage V1 across the 4

resistor

4V
20V
9V
16V

Which of the following device reads electric current?


Thermometer
Dynamometer
Ammeter
Voltmeter

Which of the following device is used to change current in the circuit?


Voltmeter
Ammeter
Resistor
Rheostat

A student wants to measure the resistance of a resistor.


Which circuit diagram should the student use?

What is the equivalent resistance

between points K and L, in ohms?

35/6
14
9
24

In which circuit does the ammeter read the total current through both resistors?

D
B
C
A

If R1=4

, R2=6

and R3=3

, find equivalent resistance

10

13
10
6
8

Why is electrical energy usually transmitted at high voltage?


The transmission system does not require transformers
As little energy as possible is wasted in the transmission cables.
The resistance of the transmission cables is as small as possible.
The current in the transmission cables is as large as possible.

When there is an electric current in a metal wire, what flows through the wire?
atoms
Protons
Neutrons
Electrons

Three resistors R1=18


, R2=9
, and R3=3
are connected in parallel than the combination is connected
across a 12V potential.
What is the total current flowing through the circuit?
1.5A
4/3A
4A
6A

A wire has a resistance of 8


. A second wire, made of the same material, has half the length and twice the crosssectional area.
What is the resistance of the second wire?

16
8
1
2

What is the equivalent resistance

between points K and L, in ohms?

11

9
14
24
35/6

Under which condition does Ohms law apply?


The temperature must be constant.
The current must be constant.
The power must be constant.
The voltage must be constant.

What is the current I in the given circuit?

2.1A
3.3 A
2.6A
1.9A

Which of the following device reads electric current?


Voltmeter
Ammeter
Thermometer
Dynamometer

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What is the resistance R in the circuit?

8
18
13
25

Why is electrical energy usually transmitted at high voltage?


The transmission system does not require transformers
The resistance of the transmission cables is as small as possible.
As little energy as possible is wasted in the transmission cables.
The current in the transmission cables is as large as possible.

Two faulty ammeters and two perfect ammeters are connected in series in the circuit shown.

The readings on the ammeters are A 1 2.9 A , A2 3.1 A , A3 3.1 A , A4 3.3 A


Which two ammeters are faulty?
A1 and A2
A1 and A4
A3 and A4
A2 and A3

A 6V supply is connected in series with an ammeter and a 4


What is the reading on the ammeter?

13

resistor.

1.5A
10A
24A
0.67A

What is the equivalent resistance between point A and B?

24
22
26
20

What is wrong about the circuit given in the figure?

All the components draw different currents depending upon their resistances.
I1 = I2 = I3 = I4
I5 is the largest current.
Vmotor = Vlamp = Vheater= Vradio

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A series circuit consists of a battery and three resistors arranged as shown in the diagram below. What is the
potential difference Vxy ?

6.0 V
21 V
9.0 V
3.0 V

The total resistance between points X and Y is 14.0

. What is the value of R?

210
6.0
10
8.3

A student wants to measure the resistance of a resistor.


Which circuit diagram should the student use?

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Three resistors R1=18


, R2=9
, and R3=3
are connected in parallel than the combination is connected across
a 12V potential.
What is the total current flowing through the circuit?
4/3A
1.5A
4A
6A

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Electromagnetism
The figures below show four different transformers.
According to the information given at the bottom of each figure, which one of them is a step-up transformer?

A magnet attracts two pieces of iron.

What is the arrangement of the induced poles in the pieces of iron?

A device that converts mechanical energy into electric energy is a(n) ______.
electric generator

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electromagnet
transformer
electric motor

The magnet that is produced by electricity is called


Magnetism
Resistor
Electromagnet
Switch

A steel ball on a horizontal wooden table rolls near the north pole of a bar magnet that is lying on the table.
Which diagram shows the most likely path of the ball, as seen from above the table?

B
C
A
D

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A wire perpendicular to the page carries an electric current in a direction out of the page. There are four
compasses near the wire.
Which compass shows the direction of the magnetic field caused by the current?

D
C
A
B

Which one of the statements below is correct?


An electric current passing through a wire produces a magnetic field.
A soft iron core attracts magnetic materials when a current is applied to it.
An electromagnet has only one pole.
A magnet is a source of electricity.

The transformer shown in the figure has an input of 240 V from the mains and can light a 12 V lamp.
If the primary number of turns is 800, what is the secondary number of turns?

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1600
400
40
16000

Which arrangement may be used to step up a voltage?

Which of the following is not correct for transformers?


A step-down transformer has fewer turns in the secondary coil.
The transformers we use at home are usually step-up transformers.
A transformer has two coils: primary and secondary coils
A transformer is a device which changes a voltage from one value to another.

A transformer has 50 turns on its primary coil and 100 turns on its secondary coil.
An a.c. voltage of 25.0 V is connected across the primary coil.

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What is the voltage


across the secondary coil?
50.0 V
12.5 V
200 V
175 V

Which of the following will prove that a metal bar is a permanent magnet?
it conducts electricity
it attracts another magnet
it repels another magnet
it attracts both ends of a compass needle

I. Electric motors convert electric energy into kinetic energy.


II. A transformer produces energy
III. Generators always produce direct current.
IV. Hydroelectric power stations produce energy from wind power.
Which of the statements above is/are not correct?
I, II, III
II, III, IV
I, III
Only I

A transformer has an input voltage of 240 V and output voltage of 12 V. If the number of turns of primary coil is
1000.
What is the number of turns of secondary coil ?
10
500
50
1000

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Which of the following is not correct for transformers?


A step-down transformer has fewer turns in the secondary coil.
A transformer has two coils: primary and secondary coils
A transformer is a device which changes a voltage from one value to another.
The transformers we use at home are usually step-up transformers.

The magnet that is produced by electricity is called


Electromagnet
Resistor
Switch
Magnetism

A steel ball on a horizontal wooden table rolls near the north pole of a bar magnet that is lying on the table.
Which diagram shows the most likely path of the ball, as seen from above the table?

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B
D
C
A

A transformer has 50 turns on its primary coil and 100 turns on its secondary coil.
An a.c. voltage of 25.0 V is connected across the primary coil.

What is the voltage across


the secondary coil?
200 V
12.5 V
50.0 V
175 V

I. Electric motors convert electric energy into kinetic energy.


II. A transformer produces energy
III. Generators always produce direct current.
IV. Hydroelectric power stations produce energy from wind power.
Which of the statements above is/are not correct?
I, II, III
I, III
II, III, IV
Only I

Which one of the statements below is correct?


A soft iron core attracts magnetic materials when a current is applied to it.
A magnet is a source of electricity.
An electric current passing through a wire produces a magnetic field.

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An electromagnet has only one pole.

The figures below show four different transformers.


According to the information given at the bottom of each figure, which one of them is a step-up transformer?

The transformer shown in the figure has an input of 240 V from the mains and can light a 12 V lamp.
If the primary number of turns is 800, what is the secondary number of turns?

16000
400
1600
40

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Why is electrical energy usually transmitted at high voltage?


The transmission system does not require transformers
The resistance of the transmission cables is as small as possible.
As little energy as possible is wasted in the transmission cables.
The current in the transmission cables is as large as possible.

Which arrangement may be used to step up a voltage?

A device that converts mechanical energy into electric energy is a(n) ______.
electromagnet
transformer
electric generator
electric motor

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Six small compasses are placed around a bar magnet.


Which diagram shows the directions in which the compass needles point?

A metal rod XY is placed near a magnet. End X is attracted when it is placed near to the north pole of the magnet,
and also when it is placed near to the south pole.

How does end Y behave when it is placed, in turn, near to the two poles of the magnet?

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A
B
D
C

Which of the following will prove that a metal bar is a permanent magnet?
it attracts another magnet
it repels another magnet
it conducts electricity
it attracts both ends of a compass needle

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