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BLOCK 16-1 TGT FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT

WELLHEAD PLATFORM AND PIPELINES


epCI for WHP-H04 TOPSIDE
Page 1 of 12

POST WELD HEAT TREATMENT


PROCEDURE FOR PIPING AND
COMPONENT

Document No:
TGT-PVCMS-C-H04-PR-0008
Revision No.: 1

Date: 01 Dec 2011

REVISION RECORD SHEET


No

Rev No

Content of revision

Date of Revision

B1

Issue for Review by Company

15 August 2011

B2

Re-Issue for Review by Company

03 October 2011

B3

Re-Issue for Review by Company

10 October 2011

Issued and Approved for Construction

18 October 2011

Re-Issued and Approved for Construction

01 December
2011

Changes from Rev.0:

Sect. 3: Reference doc. ASME SA-530 and SA-599 added

Sect. 5.1: Requirement for heat treatment request added

Sect. 5.8: Item e revised

Sect. 5.10 Retreatment added

Note: Five column is to be filled in, when the document is being updated / modified

BLOCK 16-1 TGT FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT


WELLHEAD PLATFORM AND PIPELINES
epCI for WHP-H04 TOPSIDE
Document No:
TGT-PVCMS-C-H04-PR-0008
Revision No.: 1

POST WELD HEAT TREATMENT


PROCEDURE FOR PIPING AND
COMPONENT

Page 2 of 12
Date: 01 Dec 2011

TABLE OF CONTENT

1.

PURPOSE.........................................................................................................................................3

2.

SCOPE..............................................................................................................................................3

3.

REFERENCES................................................................................................................................3

4.

DEFINITIONS.................................................................................................................................3

5.

PROCEDURE..................................................................................................................................4
5.1

General..................................................................................................................................4

5.2

Equipment.............................................................................................................................4

5.3

Method of PWHT..................................................................................................................5

5.4

Heating Element Arrangement..............................................................................................5

5.5

Thermocouples......................................................................................................................5

5.6

Insulation...............................................................................................................................5

5.7

Temperature recorder.............................................................................................................6

5.8

Temperature Conditions / Requirements...............................................................................6

5.9

Inspection..............................................................................................................................6

5.10

Retreatment............................................................................................................................6

6.

SPECIAL REQUIREMENT..........................................................................................................7

7.

RECORDS.......................................................................................................................................7

BLOCK 16-1 TGT FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT


WELLHEAD PLATFORM AND PIPELINES
epCI for WHP-H04 TOPSIDE

POST WELD HEAT TREATMENT


PROCEDURE FOR PIPING AND
COMPONENT

Document No:
TGT-PVCMS-C-H04-PR-0008
Revision No.: 1

1.

Page 3 of 12
Date: 01 Dec 2011

PURPOSE
The purpose of this procedure is to serve guidelines in the execution of the local post weld heat treatment
process on carbon steel materials (piping) of Topside H04 TGT project.

2.

SCOPE
This scope of the procedure is applicable for furnace and local PWHT. This procedure describes the
extent of application temperature control, heat treatment method and documentation of the results for
piping and component. Post weld heat treatment of carbon steel materials shall be in accordance with
ASME B31.3-2010; ASME B31.8-2010 or indicated in the approved drawing.

3.

REFERENCES
S0442-GPS-L-XXX-SP-0005

: Specification for piping fabrication installation and testing

S0442-GPS-L-XXX-SP-0001

: Specification for piping and valve material

ASME B31.3-2010

: Process piping

ASME B31.8-2010

: Gas transmission and distribution piping systems.

ASME SA-530

: Standard Specification for General Requirement for Alloy and

Stainless
Steel Pipe.
ASME SA-599

: Standard Specification for General Requirements for Specialized


Carbon and Alloy Steel Pipe

TGT-PVCMS-Q-H04-0003-xxx

4.

: Welding procedure specification for Piping ( xxx: P01~P07)

DEFINITIONS
COMPANY

: Hoang Long Joint Operating Company (HLJOC).

CONTRACTOR

: Petroleum Equipment Assembly & Metal Structure Joint Stock Company


(PVC-MS)

SUB-CONTRACTOR

: HT INDUSTRIAL JSC

PWHT

: Post Weld Heat Treatment

NDE

: Non Destructive Examination.

QA/QC

: Quality Assurance/ Quality Control.

WPS

: Welding Procedure Specification.

UT

: Ultrasonic Testing

RT

: Radiographic Testing

BLOCK 16-1 TGT FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT


WELLHEAD PLATFORM AND PIPELINES
epCI for WHP-H04 TOPSIDE
Document No:
TGT-PVCMS-C-H04-PR-0008
Revision No.: 1

5.

POST WELD HEAT TREATMENT


PROCEDURE FOR PIPING AND
COMPONENT

Page 4 of 12
Date: 01 Dec 2011

PROCEDURE
5.1

General
a. HT shall perform PWHT only when required by PVC-MS with a written request.
b. UT or RT shall be performed on welds prior to PWHT. Only welds that are free of unacceptable
defects shall be heat treated.
c. The environment in which heat treatment is to be performed shall be free from sulphur
compound and halide. These compounds are harmful to the material during heat treatment.
d. No cutting or welding shall be made on welds that have been post weld heat treated, unless
approved by the project QA/QC Manager or other changes made in the drawing approved.
e. Joints for PWHT shall be properly supported to prevent deflection/ distortion.
f. Areas within the PWHT are to be conducted shall be dry and protected from rain.
g. PWHT shall be carried out within 14 days after welding completed.

5.2

Equipment
Following are the general requirement for equipment used on local PWHT.
Equipment shall be calibrated every 6 months by third party. Calibration certificate shall be
presented to PVC-MS/ HLJOC Representative before carrying out the job.
a.

b.

PWHT Machine

Brand Noritake or National

Machine rate capacity

50 KVA - 220 KVA

Transformer primary winding

Delta connection

Primary voltage

3 phase 380V / 440V

Frequency

50/60 Hz

Transformer secondary winding

Star connection

Secondary open circuit voltage

65 Volts

Auto rate / thermocouple control

06 channel

Recorder

Brand Chino or Yamatake or Honeywell

BLOCK 16-1 TGT FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT


WELLHEAD PLATFORM AND PIPELINES
epCI for WHP-H04 TOPSIDE
Document No:
TGT-PVCMS-C-H04-PR-0008
Revision No.: 1

5.3

POST WELD HEAT TREATMENT


PROCEDURE FOR PIPING AND
COMPONENT

Page 5 of 12
Date: 01 Dec 2011

Method of PWHT
Localized post weld heat treatment operation shall be accomplished using electric heat method by
means of control heating and cooling. The heating cycle, time, temperatures are recorded on a chart
recorder.

5.4

Heating Element Arrangement


General:
The electrical heating elements shall be in contact with the items to be heated and secure with
wire that can withstand 9000C temperature.
Circumferential connection.
The circumferential/ spliced connection of the pipe to be heat treated locally by electrically
heating a shielded band around a entire circumference having a width of at least three times the
pipe wall thickness on each side of the weld or 100 mm which ever larger and of the branch
where applicable.
Branch connection
Heating element arrangement detail for branch connection including thermocouple arrangement
shall be as Figure 3

5.5

Thermocouples
Thermocouples shall be attached by capacitance discharge method such as by means of special
thermocouple welding unit.
Thermocouple shall be placed near the centre of the weld cap
Care shall take to ensure that the thermocouple wires shall not be detached away during the heating
operation.
Thermocouple wires shall be type K chrome/aluminium or equivalent that can withstand 900 0C
temperature.
For the number and position of thermocouples refer to Figure 2-Typical set-up for local PWHT.

5.6

Insulation
Insulation material such as ceramic fiber 50mm blanket thick or equivalent material shall be used to
insulate the heated band to avoid harmful temperature gradient.

BLOCK 16-1 TGT FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT


WELLHEAD PLATFORM AND PIPELINES
epCI for WHP-H04 TOPSIDE

POST WELD HEAT TREATMENT


PROCEDURE FOR PIPING AND
COMPONENT

Document No:
TGT-PVCMS-C-H04-PR-0008
Revision No.: 1

Page 6 of 12
Date: 01 Dec 2011

Insulation for butt connection: the minimum insulated band width shall be 5 RT (R = Inside
radius; T = maximum wall thickness at weld) on each side of the weld, or for a minimum distance
of 300 mm beyond the outermost edges of the heated band. (Refer to Figure 2)
Insulation for branch connection shall be as Figure 3

5.7

Temperature recorder
The heat treatment temperature shall be monitored by calibrated thermocouple pyrometers.
Calibration shall be every twelve months and the calibration certificates will be reviewed by the
Project QA/QC Manager, or his nominated deputy and submitted to the PVC-MS/ HLJOC
Representative for review and approval prior to carrying out heat treatment.

5.8

Temperature Conditions / Requirements


Unrestricted heating temperature from ambient up to 300 0C. Control heating shall be accomplished
from 3000C, increase the temperature uniformly at the rate of heating shall not be more than
2050C/hr per inch of the thickness and not less than 560C/hr until reaches the soaking temperature.
The soaking temperature shall be 593 0C 6490C for carbon steels in accordance with ASME
B31.3-2010 Table 331.1.1 (refer to appendix 1).
The minimum soaking time shall be 1 hour for material of thickness 25.4mm or less. Soaking time
for material of thickness more than 25.4 mm shall be :
Thickness (mm) x 60 (minutes)
Time =

25.4 (mm)

(mins)

The cooling rates from soaking temperature shall not exceed 260 0C/hr per inch of material
thickness until the temperature goes down to 400 0C. Below 4000C, the heat treated assembly may
be cool to ambient temperature in still air.
Not more than 6 weld joints shall be treated in one heat and recorded in one chart sheet. Every
treated joint shall be recorded.

5.9

Inspection.
After PWHT, the weld joint shall be subjected to NDE required in Weld Map.

5.10 Retreatment.
Any retreatment shall be discussed by HT with PVC-MS and HLJOC.
Retreatment may be performed, but with no more than twice (reference is made to ASME SA-530
para. 17 or SA-599 para. 19).

BLOCK 16-1 TGT FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT


WELLHEAD PLATFORM AND PIPELINES
epCI for WHP-H04 TOPSIDE
Document No:
TGT-PVCMS-C-H04-PR-0008
Revision No.: 1

6.

POST WELD HEAT TREATMENT


PROCEDURE FOR PIPING AND
COMPONENT

Page 7 of 12
Date: 01 Dec 2011

SPECIAL REQUIREMENT
6.1

Personnel
All technicians performing PWHT shall have field experience and be well conversant with PWHT
and the equipment to be used.

6.2

Safety
Heating transformers and machines shall be in good condition. Earth connection of the machines
shall be properly connected to avoid any unwanted incident occurring during the heat treatment
process.
All cables and wires from the heating elements shall be identified to their connections on the
heating machine. There shall be no unused cables connected to the heating transformer or machine
to avoid electric shock and for safety purposes.
Areas where PWHT is being carried out shall be cordoned off and safety signboards shall be
displayed. Only authorized personnel are allowed in the areas.

7.

RECORDS
The temperature charts will be identified and reference to the thermocouple arrangement, chart
speed, line No/pipe spool No, weld No, type of material on the chart record, date, time, method, and
name of the technician, or technician, carrying out the process.
Reference shall be made to the weld identity and the applicable drawing number on the Post Weld
Heat Treatment Report (refer to appendix 2).
All PWHT reports (refer to Appendix 2) shall be prepared by the technician, checked by the QC
Inspector and approved by the Companys Representative.

BLOCK 16-1 TGT FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT


WELLHEAD PLATFORM AND PIPELINES
epCI for WHP-H04 TOPSIDE
Document No:
TGT-PVCMS-C-H04-PR-0008
Revision No.: 1

POST WELD HEAT TREATMENT


PROCEDURE FOR PIPING AND
COMPONENT

Page 8 of 12
Date: 01 Dec 2011

Figure 1 - HEAT TREATMENT CYCLE


0

Soaking
Temp

Cooling Rate

Heating rate
Holding Time

400

Still Cooling Air

300

Unrestricted
heating
0

Hour

Cooling Rate, the Holding Time and the Soaking Temp. will be computed as follow:
25.4 (mm)
0
0
56 C/Hr < Heating Rate ( C/Hr ) <
x 205 0C/Hr
Max = 205 0C/Hr
Thickness (mm)
25.4 (mm)
0

x 2600C/Hr

Cooling Rate ( C/Hr ) <

Max = 260 0C/Hr

Thickness (mm)
Thickness (mm) x 60 (minutes)
Holding Time (Minutes) >

Min = 60 (Minutes)
25.4 (mm)

Soaking Temp. ( C):


5930C 6490C for carbon steels.

Figure 2 TYPICAL SETUP FOR LOCAL POST WELD HEAT TREATMENT

BLOCK 16-1 TGT FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT


WELLHEAD PLATFORM AND PIPELINES
epCI for WHP-H04 TOPSIDE
Document No:
TGT-PVCMS-C-H04-PR-0008
Revision No.: 1

POST WELD HEAT TREATMENT


PROCEDURE FOR PIPING AND
COMPONENT

Page 9 of 12
Date: 01 Dec 2011

Required number of thermocouple

1 thermocouple for pipe < 50mm


2 thermocouples for 50mm < pipe < 250mm
3 thermocouples for 250mm < pipe < 450mm
4 thermocouples for pipe > 450mm

Position of thermocouples

Top or Bottom

Top and Bottom

Placed at 1200 apart

Placed at 900 apart

Pipe < 50mm

50mm <Pipe <250mm

250mm <Pipe <450mm

Pipe >450mm

BLOCK 16-1 TGT FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT


WELLHEAD PLATFORM AND PIPELINES
epCI for WHP-H04 TOPSIDE
Document No:
TGT-PVCMS-C-H04-PR-0008
Revision No.: 1

POST WELD HEAT TREATMENT


PROCEDURE FOR PIPING AND
COMPONENT

Figure 3 HEATING ELEMENT ARRANGEMENT

Appendix 1: REQUIREMENT FOR HEAT TREATMENT

Page 10 of 12
Date: 01 Dec 2011

BLOCK 16-1 TGT FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT


WELLHEAD PLATFORM AND PIPELINES
epCI for WHP-H04 TOPSIDE
Document No:
TGT-PVCMS-C-H04-PR-0008
Revision No.: 1

POST WELD HEAT TREATMENT


PROCEDURE FOR PIPING AND
COMPONENT

Page 11 of 12
Date: 01 Dec 2011

BLOCK 16-1 TGT FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT


WELLHEAD PLATFORM AND PIPELINES
epCI for WHP-H04 TOPSIDE
Document No:
TGT-PVCMS-C-H04-PR-0008
Revision No.: 1

POST WELD HEAT TREATMENT


PROCEDURE FOR PIPING AND
COMPONENT
Appendix 2: PWHT REPORT

Page 12 of 12
Date: 01 Dec 2011