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ASME VIII division 1

ASME VIII div.1 verification document

22 August 2013 11

July 1,2010 2011a

AutoPIPE Vessel 33.1.0.11

No changes

05 Mar 2013

10

July 1,2010 2011a

Microprotol 33.0.7.6 Feb 2013

Same as Rev 9 including Bentley Inc.

24 Oct 2012

July 1,2010 2011a

Microprotol 33.0.7.5 Oct 2012

Including conical head (L-6.4)


UG-45 checking (L7-8)

16 July 2012

July 1,2010 2011a

Microprotol 33.0.7.2 July 2012

20 June 2012

July 1,2010 2011a

Microprotol 33.0.7.1 May 2012

23 April 2012

July 1,2010 2011a

Microprotol 33.0.7.0 Mar 2012

Editing modification

15 Feb 2012

July 1,2010 2011a

Microprotol 33.0.6.0 Jan 2012

Code release

17 Feb 2011

July 1,2010

Microprotol 33.0.1.0 Feb 2011

Code release + misc developpements

02 Nov 2009

July 1,2009

Microprotol 32.8.8.2 Oct 2009

Add expansion joint calc. +upd. code

25 Mar 2009

July 1,2008

Microprotol 32.8 April 2009

Check + add examples

15 Dec 2008

July 1,2008

Microprotol 32.8 Nov 2008

Check + new material data base

15 May 2008

July 1,2007

Microprotol 32.7 April 2008

Initial issue

Date

Rev

ASME VIII div. 1 Edit.

Software release

Comments

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

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ASME VIII division 1

Table of contents
Introduction

Appendix L-2 [Thickness Calculation for shells under internal pressure with supplemental loadings ]

L-2.3.1 L-2.3.2
Appendix L-3 [Vessels under External Pressure ]
L-3.1
L-3.2
L-3.3 without stiffening ring
L-3.3 with stiffening rings

4
5
5
6
7
12

Appendix L-5 [Design of circumferential stiffening ring and attachment weld for a cylindrical shell under External
Pressure]
15
L-5.1 (using stiffening ring of 2 in. x 3.75 in.)

16

Appendix L-6 [Required thickness for formed heads with pressure on the convex side]
L-6.1
L-6.2 [t = 0.5 in.]
L-6.2 [t = 0.5625 in.]
L-6.3
L-6.4 [t = 0.75 in.]
L-6.4 [t = 0.563 in.]

18
19
20
21
22
23
24

Appendix L-7 [Openings and reinforcements]

25

L-7.1
L-7.2 (without reinforcing plate)
L-7.2 (with reinforcing plate of 3 in. wide x 0.375 in. thick
L-7.2 (with reinforcing plate of 3.125 in. wide and 0.375 in. thick)
L-7.4
L-7.5
L-7.6
L-7.7 (nozzle thickness = 1/2 in.)
L-7.7 (nozzle thickness = 7/8 in.)
L-7.8 + UG-45

26
29
31
33
35
38
41
43
45
47

Part UHX

50

UHX-20.1.1 Tubesheet Integral with Shell and Channel


51
UHX-20.1.2 Tubesheet gasketed with Shell and Channel
56
UHX-20.1.4 Tubesheet gasketed with Shell and Integral with Channel extended as a flange
60
UHX-20.2.1 Tubesheet integral with Shell and gasketed with Channel extended as a flange
63
UHX-20.2.3 Fixed Tubesheet Exchanger , Configuration a
70
UHX-20.3.1 Stationary Tubesheet Gasketed With Shell and Channel; Floating Tubesheet Gasketed, Not extended as a
Flange
78
Other calculations

81

Welding Neck Flange ( Taylor Forge Bulletin)


ASME VIII Div.1 2010 App. 26 Unreinforced Bellows

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

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82
85

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ASME VIII division 1

Introduction

This document is a part of the AutoPIPE Vessel validation procedure intended to demonstrate the application of the
ASME VIII div 1 Code through the examples provided in the various parts of Code.
AutoPIPE Vessel input data files used are printed front of the paragraph reference :
Appendix L-2 :
Paragraph L-2.3.1 L-2.3.2 :

L-2.3.emvd

Paragraph L-3.1 :
Paragraph L-3.2 :
Paragraph L-3.3 :

L-3 1.emvd
L-3 2.emvd
L-3.3 without stiffener.emvd
L-3 3.emvd

Paragraph L-5.1 :

L-5 1.emvd

Paragraph L-6.1 :
Paragraph L-6 2

L-6 1.emvd
L-6 2 1.emvd for L-6 2 [t=0.5 in.]
L-6 2 2.emvd for L-6 2 [t=0.525 in.]
L-6 3.emvd
L-6 4 1.emvd for L-6 4 [t=0.75 in.]
L-6 4 2.emvd for L-6 4 [t=0.563 in.]

Appendix L-3 :

Appendix L-5 :
Appendix L-6 :

Paragraph L-6 3 :
Paragraph L-6 4 :
Appendix L-7 :
Paragraph L-7.1 :
Paragraph L-7 2 without reinforcing plate:
Paragraph L-7 2 with reinforcing plate :
Paragraph L-7.4 :
Paragraph L-7.5 :
Paragraph L-7.6 :
Paragraph L-7.7 :
Paragraph L-7.8 + UG-45 :
UHX-20.1 Examples of UHX-12 for U-Tube Tubesheets :
UHX-20.1.1 Example 1 :
UHX-20.1.2 Example 2 :
UHX-20.1.4 Example 4 :
UHX-20. 2 Examples of UHX-13 for Fixed Tubesheets :
UHX-20.2.1 Example 1 :
UHX-20.2.3 Example 3 :
UHX-20. 3 Examples of UHX-14 for Floating Tubesheets :
UHX-20.3.1 Example 1 :

L-7 1.emvd
L-7 2 without reinf.emvd
L-7 2 with reinf.emvd 3 in x 0.375 in
L-7 2 with reinf incr.emvd 3.125 in x 0.375 in
L-7 4.emvd
L-7 5.emvd
L-7 6.emvd
L-7 7-1.emvd (thk = in.)
L-7 7-1 nozzle thk inc.emvd (thk = 7/8 in.)
L-7 8.emvd

UHX-20-1-1.emvd
UHX-20-1-2.emvd
UHX-20-1-4.emvd
UHX-20-2-1.emvd
UHX-20-2-3.emvd
UHX-20-3-1.emvd

Other calculations :
Taylor Forge calculation method for flange :
Unreinforced bellows (Annex 26) :

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

Flange Welding Neck.emvd


26-14-1-1.emvd

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

Appendix L-2 [Thickness Calculation for shells under internal pressure with supplemental
loadings ]
L-2.3.1 L-2.3.2
Conical shell (30.23) internal pressure.
ASME VIII DIV.1 2010 - 2011a
t = minimum required thickness
P = internal pressure
D = inside diameter at large end
= Half apex angle
tmin = t+Ca+Tol% shall be tn
[UG-32(g)]
t =P(D+2Ca)/[2cos(SE-0.6P)]

=P((D+2Ca)+1.2tacos)/(2Etacos)

Plate
D = 200 in
= 30
P (psi)
Ph (psi)
Operation
N
50
0
MAWP (650 F, Corroded) = 56.3 psi

SA387GR2CL2
tn = 0.4380 in

E = Joint efficiency
T = Temperature
= circular stress
Pa = Max. allowable pressure
Ph = Hydrostatic pressure

tn = nominal thickness
S = Allowable stress
Ca = corrosion + tolerance
Tol% = tolerance for pipes
ta = (tnTol%)-Ca shall be t

Tol% = /
Cor. = 0 in
T (F)
S (psi)
650
17 500

Pa =2SEtacos/((D+2Ca)+1.2tacos)

Schedule : /
DN : /
PWHT : No Radiography : Spot
Tol. = 0 in
UG-16(b) = 0.0625 in
E
ta (in)
Pa (psi)
t (in)
tmin (in)
(psi)
0.85 0.4380 15 543
56.3
0.3889
0.3889
MAWP (70 F, new) = 64.4 psi

Appendix 1-5(d)
QL = PRL/2+f1
k = max(1, y/SrEr)
Operation
Operation

ArL = kQLRL(1-/) tan / (SsE1)


AeL = (ts-t) (RLts)0.5 + (tc-tr) (RLtc /cos )0.5
y = Ss E s
Reinforcing ring : Plate 15 0.5
Aring = 7.5 in2
P (psi)
Ss (psi)
E1
t (in)
tc (in)
tr (in)
ts (in)
RL (in)

N
50
17 500
1
17.57
0.2862
0.4380
0.3889
0.3130 100.000
k
f1(max) (lbf/in)
f1(min) (lbf/in) QL(max) (lbf/in) QL(min) (lbf/in)
ArL (in2)
AeL (in2)
N 1.207
250.0274
-283.0145
2 750.0260
2 216.9850
4.54
0.5

the junction is adequately reinforced

Appendix 1-5(e)
QS = PRS/2+f2
k = max(1, y/SrEr)
Operation
Operation

ArS = kQSRS(1-/) / (SsE1)


AeS = 0.78 (RSts)0.5 [(ts-t) + (tc-tr) /cos )]
y = Ss E s
Reinforcing ring : Plate 15 0.5
Aring = 7.5 in2
P (psi)
Ss (psi)
E1
t (in)
tc (in)
tr (in)
ts (in)
RS (in)

N
50
17 500
1
4.57
0.1431
0.4380
0.1945
0.1880
50.000
k
f2(max) (lbf/in)
f2(min) (lbf/in) QS(max) (lbf/in) QS(min) (lbf/in)
ArS (in2)
AeS (in2)
N 1.207
62.6374
-93.5602
1 312.6370
1 156.4390
2.22
0.78

the junction is adequately reinforced

[UCS-79] : % extreme fiber elongation = 50 tn / Rf ( 1 - Rf / Ro ) = 0.44 % ( Rf = 50.219 in ; Ro = + )

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

Appendix L-3 [Vessels under External Pressure ]


Comment for reading of external pressure curves
ASME curves for external pressure have been checked using stored vertex to redraw the curve on a transparency support
visually compared to the Code original. Storage AutoPIPE Vessel file is courbvid.emsd, located in
AutoPIPE Vessel\Calcul\Data directory.
AutoPIPE Vessel uses logarithmic interpolation to determine the value of B.

L-3.1
External Pressure - Shell (Section No. 1) (in operation)
Ends of section :
Bottom :
top :

Support line level : 0.0000 in


Support line level : 39.0000 in

Elements considered :
Tag
001 31.05 Virole

Diameter

Thickness

(in)

(in)

168.625

0.3125

ASME VIII DIV.1


External Pressure : P = 15 psi
Allowable stress : S = 14 257.2 psi
Unsupported shell length : 39 in
Diameter of section : Do = 168.625 in
Checked thickness : t = 0.3125 in

Do/t4 : A (Subpart 3 Section II Part D Fig.G) = 0.000491

(psi)
24 500 060.
0

Vacuum
curve

Temperature

(F)
CS-2

700 F

Design Temperature : 700 F


modulus of elasticity : E = 24 500 060 psi
Pipe, tolerance on the new thickness : c1 = /
Vacuum curve : CS-2

UG-28 (c) Cylindrical shell with straight circular section


L = 39 in
L/Do = 0.231

Do/t<4 : A = min 0.10,

modulus of
elasticity

Do/t = 539.6
4 B
Do/t10 : Pa = 3 D t
o
2.167
2S
1
1

0.0833 B ;

D
t
D
t
D
o
o t
o

1.1
=/
(Do / t )2

Do/t<10 : Pa= min

B (Subpart 3 Section II Part D or AE/2) = 6 054.676 psi


Pa = 14.961 psi < P INSUFFICIENT THICKNESS

Minimum required thickness = 0.313 in

Comments
See Comment for reading of external pressure curves.
Rounded value in ASME example of Do/t = 540 is used.

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

L-3.2
External Pressure - Hemispherical head (Section No.2)(in operation)
Elements considered :
Tag
002 03
ASME VIII DIV.1 2010 2011a UG-33
External Pressure : P = 20 psi
Material : SB209-A93003-H112
Vacuum curve : NFA-1
Nominal thickness : tn = 0.5 in
Checked thickness : t = 0.5 in
outside height : ho = /

Diameter

Thickness

(in)

(in)

72.000

0.5000

modulus of
elasticity

(psi)
10 000 000.
0

Vacuum
curve

Temperature

(F)
NFA-1

100 F

modulus of elasticity : E = 10 000 000 psi


Corrosion : 0 in
Tolerance : 0 in
External Diameter : Do = 73 in
outside radius : Ro = 36.5 in
Axis ratio : Do/(2ho) = /

(c) Hemispherical heads


UG-28 (d) : A =

0.125
= 0.001712
Ro t

B (Subpart 3 Section II Part D or 0.0625E/(Ro/t)) =


1 763.745 psi

Pa =

B
= 24.161 psi P
Ro t

Comments
See Comment for reading of external pressure curves.

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

L-3.3 without stiffening ring


External Pressure Cone (Section N2)(in operation)
Ends of section :
Bottom :
top :

Cone-to-cylinder junction without stiffening ring


Cone-to-cylinder junction without stiffening ring

Support line level : 250.0000 in


Support line level : 380.0000 in

Elements considered :
Tag
005 30.23 Cne de calandre

Diameter

Thickness

(in)

(in)

0.000

1.2500

ASME VIII DIV.1 2010 2011a


External Pressure : P = 50 psi
Allowable stress : S = 15 000 psi
Unsupported shell length : 130 in
Checked thickness : t = 1.25 in
Element diameter at large end : DL = 202.5 in

CS-2

650 F

DL /te = 187.027

4 B
DL /te 10 : Pa =
3 DL te

DL /te < 10 : Pa = MIN

B (Subpart 3 Section II Part D or AE/2) = 9 414.372 psi

procal V33.1.0.11

Temperature

(F)

2.167
2S
0.0833 B ;
D
t
DL te
L e

1.1
=/
(Do / t )2

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

(psi)
25 125 030.
0

te = t cos() = 1.083 in

DL/te10 : A (Subpart 3 Section II Part D Fig.G) = 0.001447

Vacuum
curve

Design Temperature : 650 F


modulus of elasticity : E = 25 125 030 psi
half opening angle of conical shell : = 29.98
Vacuum curve : CS-2
Element diameter at small end : Ds = 50.75 in

UG-33(f) Conical shell with straight circular section


L = 130 in
Le /DL = 0.401
Fig. UG-33.1 Le = 81.29 in

DL/te<10 : A = min 0.10,

modulus of
elasticity

1
1

D
L te

Pa = 67.116 psi P

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

External Pressure Large cylinder-to-cone junction (Section No. 2) (in operation)


ASME VIII DIV. 2010 - 2011a APPENDIX 1-8
Junction without knuckle, without stiffener
Internal corroded radius of knuckle : rt = 0 in
Shell adjacent to the junction, element No. : 4
Cone adjacent to junction, element number : 5
External Pressure : P = 50 psi
Cylindrical shell
Material : SA516GR70
Nominal stress : Ss = 17 500 psi
Vacuum curve : CS-2
Nominal thickness : tsn = 1.25 in
Checked thickness : ts = 1.25 in
External Diameter : DL = 202.5 in
Conical shell
Material : SA516GR60
Nominal stress : Sc = 15 000 psi
Vacuum curve : CS-2
Nominal thickness : tcn = 1.25 in
Checked thickness : tc = 1.25 in
Stiffener
Type and dimensions : /
Nominal stress : Sr = /
Vacuum curve : /
Cross-sectional area : As = /

Angle : = 29.98
Calculation length of cylinders element : LL= 250 in
Calculation length of cones element : L= 130 in

Temperature : 650 F
modulus of elasticity : Es = 25 125 ksi
Longitudinal Joint Efficiency : E1 = 0.85
Corrosion : 0 in
Tolerance : 0 in
External radius : RL = 101.25 in
Temperature : 650 F
modulus of elasticity : Ec = 25 125 ksi
Corrosion : 0 in
Tolerance : 0 in
Material : /
Temperature : /
modulus of elasticity : Er = /
Diameter of shell at centroid elevation : De = /

Checking junctions area


P/SsE1 = 0.0034 = 5.91 < Reinforcement of large end intersection
k =1
f1 = 249.901 lbf/in
kQ R tan 1 PRL QL
ArL = L L
1 4
S s E1
QL


= 10.48 in2

QL = PRL/2 + f1 = 2 781.151 lbf/in

AeL = 0.55 DLt s (t s + tc cos ) = 23.566 in2

AeL + As = 23.566 in2 ArL


Checking the junctions moment of inertia
M=

RL tan LL
R 2 Rs2
= 150.619 in
+
+ L
2
2 3RL tan

Lc = L2 + (RL + Rs )2 = 150.522 in ATL =

FL = PM + f1 tan = 7 675.119 lbf/in

f1 = 249.901 lbf/in

LL t s Lctc
2
+
+ As = 250.327 in
2
2

A (Subpart 3 Section II Part D FIG.G) = 0.000368

Is =

ADL2 ATL
=/
14

B=

3 FL DL
= 4 656.55 psi
4 ATL

Is=

ADL2 ATL
= 346.49 in4
10.9

I ' = 64.39 in4 < Is '

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

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ASME VIII division 1


Comments
Angle of cone : = arc tg[((200-50)/2) /130] = 29.98164 (30 in ASME example)
tg a = [(200-50)/2) /130] = 0.576923(value of ASME based on angle of 30)
P/SsE1 = 50/(17500x0.85) = 0.00336
According to Table 1-8.1, P/SsE1 =0.002  = 5
P/SsE1 =0.005  = 7
For P/SsE1 = 0.00336 , = 5 + (7-5) x [(0.00336-0.002)/(0.005-0.002)] = 5.9066 (ASME Example value is 5.93).
No additional area of reinforcement  k =1
f1 obtains by load due to wind and external load. No detail in ASME example.
QL = 50x101.25/2 + 249.904 = 2 781.154 lbf/in
ArL =

1x 2781.154 x101.25 x0.576923 1 50 x101.25 2781.154 5.9066


2

1 4
= 10.4798 in
17500 x0.85
2781
.
154
29
.
98

AeL = 0.55 202.5 x1.25 (1.25 + 1.25 cos( 30 )) = 23.5685 in2 ArL  Junction area checked

101.25 x0.576923 250 101.25 2 25.375 2


= 150.61895 in
+
+
2
2
3x101.25 x0.576923
FL =50 x 150.61895 + 249.904 x 0.576923 = 7675.12286 lbf/in

M=

Lc =

(130 )2 + (101.25 25.375 )2

= 150.522475 in

250 x1.25 150.522475 x1.25


+
= 250.32655 in2 (rounded value in ASME example)
2
2
3 7675.12286 x 202.5
B= x
= 4656.55475
4
250.32655
A from Fig CS-2 = 0.000368 (see Comment for reading of external pressure curves).
ATL =

As there is no stiffener : Is =

0.000368 x 202.5 2 x 250.32655


=346.487 in4
10.9

Inertia of shell :
Length to be considered : L = (1.10/2) x (202.5x1.25) = 8.75 in
Ish = (8.75 x1.253) /12 = 1.424 in4
Inertia of cone :
Length to be considered on shell : L = (1.10/2) x (202.5x1.25) = 8.75 in
Length to be considered on cone: H = L/ cos() = 8.75 /cos(29.98) = 10.1 in
Ico = (H tc3 cos()2)/12+(H3 tc sin()2)/12 = 28.0317 in4
Position of centers of inertia from external line of shell :
Shell = ts / 2 = 0.625 in
Cone = (tc/2) +(H sin(a)/2 + (tc/2)(1-cos()) = 3.0655 in
Section of shell and cone = (1.25x8.75) + (1.25x10.1) = 23.5625 in2
Position of center of inertia of the combined section = [(0.625x1.25x8.75) + (3.0655x1.25x10.1)] / 23.5625 = 1.9326 in
Inertia of combined section :
I = 1.424 + 28.0317 + (1.9326-0.625)2x(1.25x8.75) + (3.0655-1.9326)2x(1.25x10.1)= 64.4 in4
Is > I large cylinder to cone junction not verified

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

External Pressure Small cylinder-to-cone junction (Section No. 2) (in operation)


ASME VIII DIV. 2010 - 2011a APPENDIX 1-8
Junction without knuckle, without stiffener
Internal corroded radius of knuckle : rt = 0 in
Shell adjacent to the junction, element No. : 6
Cone adjacent to junction, element number : 5
External Pressure : P = 50 psi
Cylindrical shell
Material : SA516GR70
Nominal stress : Ss = 17 500 psi
Vacuum curve : CS-2
Nominal thickness : tsn = 0.375 in
Checked thickness : ts = 0.375 in
External Diameter : Ds = 50.75 in
Conical shell
Material : SA516GR60
Nominal stress : Sc = 15 000 psi
Vacuum curve : CS-2
Nominal thickness : tcn = 1.25 in
Checked thickness : tc = 1.25 in
Stiffener
Type and dimensions : /
Nominal stress : Sr = /
Vacuum curve : /
Cross-sectional area : As = /
Checking junctions area
k =1

Angle : = 29.98
Calculation length of cylinders element : Ls= 75 in
Calculation length of cones element : L= 130 in

Temperature : 650 F
modulus of elasticity : Es = 25 125 030 psi
Longitudinal Joint Efficiency : E1 = 1
Corrosion : 0 in
Tolerance : 0 in
External radius : Rs = 25.375 in
Temperature : 650 F
modulus of elasticity : Ec = 25 125 030 psi
Corrosion : 0 in
Tolerance : 0 in
Material : /
Temperature : /
modulus of elasticity : Er = /
Diameter of shell at centroid elevation : De = /

f2 = 62.518 lbf/in

Qs = PRs/2 + f2 = 696.893 lbf/in

kQ R tan
Ars = s s
= 0.583 in2
S s E1

Aes = 0.55 Ds ts ((t s t ) + (tc t r ) cos ) = 0.765 in2

Required thicknesses of portions at junction :


Shell : t = 0.325 in
Aes + As = 0.765 in2 Ars

Cone : tr = 1.017 in

Checking the junctions moment of inertia


N=

Rs tan Ls
R 2 Rs2
+
+ L
= 154.201 in
2
2 6 Rs tan

Lc = L2 + (RL + Rs )2 = 150.522 in ATs =

Fs = PN + f 2 tan = 7 746.115 lbf/in

f2 = 62.518 lbf/in
Lst s Lctc
2
+
+ As = 108.139 in
2
2

A (Subpart 3 Section II Part D FIG.G) = 0.000219

Is =

ADs2 ATs
=/
14

B=

3 Fs Ds
= 2 726.46 psi
4 ATs

Is=

ADs2 ATs
= 5.6 in4
10.9

I ' = 1.17 in4 < Is '

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

10

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1


Comments
No additional area of reinforcement  k =1
f2 obtains by load due to wind and external load. No detail in ASME example.
Qs = 50x25.375/2 + 62.088 = 696.463 lbf/in
1x696.463 x 25.375 x0.576923
Ars =
= 0.58262 in2
17500 x1

25.375 x0.576923 75 101.25 2 25.375 2


+ +
= 154.2 in
2
2 6 x 25.375 x0.576923
FS =50 x 154.2 + 62.088 x 0.576923 = 7745.82 lbf/in
f1 obtains by load due to wind and external load. No detail in ASME example.
75 x0.375 150.522475 x1.25
ATS =
+
= 108.139 in2 (rounded value in ASME example)
2
2
3 7745.82 x50.75
B= x
= 2726.3647
4
108.139
A from Fig CS-2 = 0.000219 (see Comment for reading of external pressure curves).
N=

0.000219 x50.375 2 x108.139


=5.514 in4
10.9
Inertia of combined section : I = 1.17 in4
As there is no stiffener : Is =

Is > I large cylinder to cone junction not verified

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

11

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

L-3.3 with stiffening rings


External Pressure Conical shell (Section No. 2) (in operation)
Ends of section :
Bottom :
top :

Cone-to-cylinder junction with stiffening ring


No. 1)
Cone-to-cylinder junction with stiffening ring
No. 2)

Support line level : 250.0000 in


Support line level : 380.0000 in

Elements considered :
Tag
005 30.23 Cne de calandre

Diameter

Thickness

(in)

(in)

0.000

1.2500

ASME VIII DIV.1 2010 - 2011a


External Pressure : P = 50 psi
Allowable stress : S = 15 000 psi
Unsupported shell length : 130 in
Checked thickness : t = 1.25 in
Element diameter at large end : DL = 202.5 in

CS-2

650 F

DL /te = 187.027

4 B
DL /te 10 : Pa =
3 DL te

DL /te < 10 : Pa = MIN

B (Subpart 3 Section II Part D or AE/2) = 9 414.372 psi

procal V33.1.0.11

Temperature

(F)

2.167
2S
0.0833 B ;
D
t
L e
DL te

1.1
=/
(Do / t )2

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

(psi)
25 125 030.
0

te = t cos() = 1.083 in

DL/te10 : A (Subpart 3 Section II Part D Fig.G) = 0.001447

Vacuum
curve

Design Temperature : 650 F


modulus of elasticity : E = 25 125 030 psi
half opening angle of conical shell : = 29.98
Vacuum curve : CS-2
Element diameter at small end : Ds = 50.75 in

UG-33(f) Conical shell with straight circular section


L = 130 in
Le /DL = 0.401
Fig. UG-33.1 Le = 81.29 in

DL/te<10 : A = min 0.10,

modulus of
elasticity

1
1

D
L te

Pa = 67.116 psi P

12

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

External Pressure Large cylinder-to-cone junction (Section No. 2) (in operation)


ASME VIII DIV. 2010 - 2011a APPENDIX 1-8
Junction without knuckle, reinforced by stiffener No. 1
Internal corroded radius of knuckle : rt = 0 in
Angle : = 29.98
Shell adjacent to the junction, element No. : 4
Calculation length of cylinders element : LL= 250 in
Cone adjacent to junction, element number : 5
Calculation length of cones element : L= 130 in
External Pressure : P = 50 psi
Cylindrical shell
Material : SA516GR70
Temperature : 650 F
Nominal stress : Ss = 17 500 psi
modulus of elasticity : Es = 25 125 ksi
Vacuum curve : CS-2
Longitudinal Joint Efficiency : E1 = 0.85
Nominal thickness : tsn = 1.25 in
Corrosion : 0 in
Checked thickness : ts = 1.25 in
Tolerance : 0 in
External Diameter : DL = 202.5 in
External radius : RL = 101.25 in
Conical shell
Material : SA516GR60
Temperature : 650 F
Nominal stress : Sc = 15 000 psi
modulus of elasticity : Ec = 25 125 ksi
Vacuum curve : CS-2
Nominal thickness : tcn = 1.25 in
Corrosion : 0 in
Checked thickness : tc = 1.25 in
Tolerance : 0 in
Stiffener
Type and dimensions : WT8x18 7.93 6.99 0.295
Material : SA516GR60
0.43
Nominal stress : Sr = 14 500 psi
Temperature : 650 F
Vacuum curve : CS-2
modulus of elasticity : Er = 25 125 030 psi
Cross-sectional area : As = 5.28 in2
Diameter of shell at centroid elevation : De = 0 in
Checking junctions area
P/SsE1 = 0.0034 = 5.91 < Reinforcement of large end intersection
k =1.2069
f1 = 250.002 lbf/in
kQ R tan 1 PRL QL
ArL = L L
1 4
S s E1
QL


= 12.649 in2

QL = PRL/2 + f1 = 2 781.251 lbf/in

AeL = 0.55 DLt s (t s + tc cos ) = 23.566 in2

AeL + As = 28.846 in2 ArL


Checking the junctions moment of inertia
M=

RL tan LL
R 2 Rs2
+
+ L
= 150.619 in
2
2 3RL tan

Lc = L2 + (RL + Rs )2 = 150.522 in ATL =

FL = PM + f1 tan = 7 675.178 lbf/in

f1 = 250.002 lbf/in

LL t s Lctc
2
+
+ As = 255.607 in
2
2

A (Subpart 3 Section II Part D FIG.G) = 0.00036

Is =

AD L2 ATL
=/
14

B=

3 FL DL
= 4 560.4 psi
4 ATL

Is=

ADL2 ATL
= 346.07 in4
10.9

I ' = 368.75 in4 Is '


Comments
Same calculation as calculation without stiffener except for :
k = y/Sr Er = 17500x25125000/14500x25125030 = 1.206895
As = area of stiffener
f1 = 250.003 lbf/in

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

13

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

External Pressure Small cylinder-to-cone junction (Section No. 2) (in operation)


ASME VIII DIV. 2010 - 2011a APPENDIX 1-8
Junction without knuckle, reinforced by stiffener No. 2
Internal corroded radius of knuckle : rt = 0 in
Angle : = 29.98
Shell adjacent to the junction, element No. : 6
Calculation length of cylinders element : Ls= 75 in
Cone adjacent to junction, element number : 5
Calculation length of cones element : L= 130 in
External Pressure : P = 50 psi
Cylindrical shell
Material : SA516GR70
Temperature : 650 F
Nominal stress : Ss = 17 500 psi
modulus of elasticity : Es = 25 125 030 psi
Vacuum curve : CS-2
Longitudinal Joint Efficiency : E1 = 1
Nominal thickness : tsn = 0.375 in
Corrosion : 0 in
Checked thickness : ts = 0.375 in
Tolerance : 0 in
External Diameter : Ds = 50.75 in
External radius : Rs = 25.375 in
Conical shell
Material : SA516GR60
Temperature : 650 F
Nominal stress : Sc = 15 000 psi
modulus of elasticity : Ec = 25 125 030 psi
Vacuum curve : CS-2
Nominal thickness : tcn = 1.25 in
Corrosion : 0 in
Checked thickness : tc = 1.25 in
Tolerance : 0 in
Stiffener
Type and dimensions : Bar 3.5 0.375
Material : SA516GR60
Nominal stress : Sr = 14 500 psi
Temperature : 650 F
Vacuum curve : CS-2
modulus of elasticity : Er = 25 125 030 psi
Cross-sectional area : As = 1.313 in2
Diameter of shell at centroid elevation : De = 0 in
Checking junctions area
k =1.2069

f2 = 62.5 lbf/in

Qs = PRs/2 + f2 = 696.875 lbf/in

kQ R tan
Ars = s s
= 0.704 in2
S s E1

Aes = 0.55 Ds ts ((t s t ) + (tc t r ) cos ) = 0.765 in2

Required thicknesses of portions at junction :


Shell : t = 0.325 in
Aes + As = 2.078 in2 Ars

Cone : tr = 1.017 in

Checking the junctions moment of inertia


N=

Rs tan Ls
R 2 Rs2
+
+ L
= 154.201 in
2
2 6 Rs tan

Lc = L2 + (RL + Rs )2 = 150.522 in ATs =

Fs = PN + f 2 tan = 7 746.105 lbf/in

f2 = 62.5 lbf/in
Lst s Lctc
2
+
+ As = 109.452 in
2
2

A (Subpart 3 Section II Part D FIG.G) = 0.000216

Is =

ADs2 ATs
=/
14

B=

3 Fs Ds
= 2 693.76 psi
4 ATs

Is=

ADs2 ATs
= 5.6 in4
10.9

I ' = 4.64 in4 < Is '


Comments
Same calculation as calculation without stiffener except for :
k = y/Sr Er = 17500x25125000/14500x25125030 = 1.206895
As = area of stiffener
f2 = 62.5 lbf/in

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

14

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

Appendix L-5 [Design of circumferential stiffening ring and attachment weld for a cylindrical
shell under External Pressure]

Comment for reading of external pressure curves


ASME curves for external pressure have been checked using stored vertex to redraw the curve on a transparency support
visually compared to the Code original. Storage AutoPIPE Vessel file is courbvid.emsd, located in AutoPIPE
Vessel \Calcul\Data directory.
AutoPIPE Vessel uses logarithmic interpolation to determine the value of B.

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

15

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

L-5.1 (using stiffening ring of 2 in. x 3.75 in.)


Ends of section :
Bottom :
top :

Support line level : 0.0000 in


Support line level : 40.0000 in

Stiffening ring (ring No. 1)

Elements considered :
Tag
001 31.05 Virole

Diameter

Thickness

(in)

(in)

169.000

0.3125

ASME VIII DIV.1


External Pressure : P = 15 psi
Allowable stress : S = 14 300 psi
Unsupported shell length : 40 in
Diameter of section : Do = 169 in
Checked thickness : t = 0.3125 in

(F)
CS-2

700 F

Do/t = 540.8

2.167
2S
1
1

0.0833 B ;

Do t
Do t
Do t

1.1
=/
(Do / t )2

Do/t<10 : Pa= min

B (Subpart 3 Section II Part D or AE/2) = 5 904.142 psi


Pa = 14.557 psi < P INSUFFICIENT THICKNESS
Ends of section :
Bottom :
top :

Temperature

4 B
Do/t10 : Pa = 3 D t
o

Do/t4 : A (Subpart 3 Section II Part D Fig.G) = 0.000478

(psi)
24 500 060.
0

Vacuum
curve

Design Temperature : 700 F


modulus of elasticity : E = 24 500 060 psi
Pipe, tolerance on the new thickness : c1 = /
Vacuum curve : CS-2

UG-28 (c) Cylindrical shell with straight circular section


L = 40 in
L/Do = 0.237

Do/t<4 : A = min 0.10,

modulus of
elasticity

Minimum required thickness = 0.317 in

Stiffening ring (ring No. 1)

Support line level : 40.0000 in


Support line level : 80.0000 in

Elements considered :
Tag
001 31.05 Virole

Diameter

Thickness

modulus of
elasticity

Vacuum
curve

(in)
169.000

(in)
0.3125

(psi)
24 500 060.

CS-2

ASME VIII DIV.1


External Pressure : P = 15 psi
Allowable stress : S = 14 300 psi
Unsupported shell length : 40 in
Diameter of section : Do = 169 in
Checked thickness : t = 0.3125 in

Do/t4 : A (Subpart 3 Section II Part D Fig.G) = 0.000478

Do/t = 540.8
4 B
Do/t10 : Pa = 3 D t
o
2.167
2S
1
1

0.0833 B ;

Do t
Do t
Do t

1.1
=/
(Do / t )2

Do/t<10 : Pa= min

B (Subpart 3 Section II Part D or AE/2) = 5 904.142 psi


Pa = 14.557 psi < P INSUFFICIENT THICKNESS
AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

(F)
700 F

Design Temperature : 700 F


modulus of elasticity : E = 24 500 060 psi
Pipe, tolerance on the new thickness : c1 = /
Vacuum curve : CS-2

UG-28 (c) Cylindrical shell with straight circular section


L = 40 in
L/Do = 0.237

Do/t<4 : A = min 0.10,

Temperature

procal V33.1.0.11

Minimum required thickness = 0.317 in


16

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

ASME VIII DIV.1 2010 2011a


Shell
External Pressure : P = 15 psi
Material : SA285GRC
Vacuum curve : CS-2
Nominal thickness : tn = 0.313 in
Checked thickness : t = 0.313 in
Calculation length of previous element : L1 = 40 in
Calculation length of next element : L2 = 40 in
Stiffener
Type and dimensions : Plate 3.75 2
modulus of elasticity : E = 24 500 060 psi
Cross-sectional area : As = 7.5 in2

Temperature : 700 F
modulus of elasticity : E = 24 500 060 psi
Corrosion : 0 in
Tolerance : 0 in

Material : SA36
Vacuum curve : CS-2
Diameter of shell at centroid elevation : Do = 169 in

UG-29 Stiffened elements of cylindrical shells


x1 = MIN 0.55 Do t s ; (L1 2) = 3.997 in
t1 = 0.313 in x2 = MIN 0.55 Do t s ; (L2 2 ) = 3.997 in

{(

B=

P Do
3
= 3 802.5 psi
4 t + As / Ls

{(

Ls =

L1 + L2
2

A (Subpart 3 Section II Part D FIG.G or 2B/E) = 0.00031

t2 = 0.313 in

teq = 0.313 in

= 40 in
Is =

Do2 Ls (t + As / Ls )A
=
14

16.22 in4

Is =

Do2 Ls (t + As / Ls )A
=/
10.9

I = 16.54 in Is
4

Comments
ASME example checks only stiffening ring.
The thickness of shell is not sufficient (no information about this in ASME example).
Index 1 for x1,t1 and L1 is used for shell before the stiffener and index 2 for x2,t2 and L2 is used for shell after the stiffener.
t1 and t2 should be read 0.3125 in, teq is the average thickness calculated as follow : teq = (L1e1+L2e2)/(L1+L2)

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

17

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

Appendix L-6 [Required thickness for formed heads with pressure on the convex side]

Comment for reading of external pressure curves


ASME curves for external pressure have been checked using stored vertex to redraw the curve on a transparency support
visually compared to the Code original. Storage AutoPIPE Vessel file is courbvid.emsd, located in AutoPIPE
Vessel \Calcul\Data directory.
AutoPIPE Vessel uses logarithmic interpolation to determine the value of B.

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

18

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

L-6.1
External pressure Elliptical Head (Section No.2)(in operation)
Elements considered :
Tag
002 05
ASME VIII DIV.1 2010 2011a UG-33
External Pressure : P = 15 psi
Material : SA285GRC
Vacuum curve : CS-2
Nominal thickness : tn = 0.563 in
Checked thickness : t = 0.563 in
outside height : ho = 42.531 in
(d) Elliptical heads
Ko (Table UG-33.1) = 0.894
(a)(1)(a) : E = 1  Pa(a) = 1.67 P = 57.173 psi
UG-28 (d) : A =

0.125
= 0.000465
Ro t

Diameter

Thickness

(in)

(in)

169.000

0.5625

(psi)
24 500 060.
0

Vacuum
curve

Temperature

(F)
CS-2

700 F

modulus of elasticity : E = 24 500 060 psi


Corrosion : 0 in
Tolerance : 0 in
External Diameter : Do = 169 in
outside radius : Ro = /
Axis ratio : Do/(2ho) = 2
Equivalent outside radius Ro = Ko.Do = 151.094 in
Pa(d) =

B (Subpart 3 Section II Part D or 0.0625E/(Ro/t)) =


5 756.503 psi

modulus of
elasticity

B
= 21.431 psi
Ro t

(a)(1)(b) Pa = MIN (Pa(a) , Pa(d)) = 21.431 psi P

Comments
AutoPIPE Vessel checks UG-33(a) (1) (a)
In ASME example value of K1 from Table UG-37 is used and this is not correct.
AutoPIPE Vessel uses Table UG-33.1 (UG-33 FORMED HEADS, PRESSURE ON CONVEX SIDE) to determine K0.
That gives a different value of RO
See Comment for reading of external pressure curves.

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

19

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

L-6.2 [t = 0.5 in.]


External pressure Torispherical Head (Section No.2)(in operation)
Elements considered :
Tag
002 30.10 Fond
ASME VIII DIV.1 2010 2011a UG-33
External Pressure : P = 15 psi
Material : SA285GRC
Vacuum curve : CS-2
Nominal thickness : tn = 0.5 in
Checked thickness : t = 0.5 in
outside height : ho = /

Diameter

Thickness

(in)

(in)

169.000

0.5000

modulus of
elasticity

(psi)
24 500 060.
0

Vacuum
curve

Temperature

(F)
CS-2

700 F

modulus of elasticity : E = 24 500 060 psi


Corrosion : 0 in
Tolerance : 0 in
External Diameter : Do = 169 in
outside radius : Ro = 169 in
Axis ratio : Do/(2ho) = /

(e) Torispherical heads


(a)(1)(a) : E = 1  Pa(a) = 1.67 P = 28.638 psi
UG-28 (d) : A =

0.125
= 0.00037
Ro t

Pa(e) =

B (Subpart 3 Section II Part D or 0.0625E/(Ro/t)) =


4 594.229 psi

B
= 13.592 psi
Ro t

(a)(1)(b) : Pa = MIN (Pa(a) , Pa(e)) = 13.592 psi < P


INSUFFICIENT THICKNESS

Comments
AutoPIPE Vessel checks UG-33(a) (1) (a)
See Comment for reading of external pressure curves.

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

20

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

L-6.2 [t = 0.5625 in.]


External Pressure Torispherical Head (Section No.2)(in operation)
Elements considered :
Tag
002 08
ASME VIII DIV.1 2010 2011a UG-33
External Pressure : P = 15 psi
Material : SA285GRC
Vacuum curve : CS-2
Nominal thickness : tn = 0.563 in
Checked thickness : t = 0.563 in
outside height : ho = /

Diameter

Thickness

(in)

(in)

169.125

0.5625

modulus of
elasticity

(psi)
24 500 060.
0

Vacuum
curve

Temperature

(F)
CS-2

700 F

modulus of elasticity : E = 24 500 060 psi


Corrosion : 0 in
Tolerance : 0 in
External Diameter : Do = 169.125 in
outside radius : Ro = 169.063 in
Axis ratio : Do/(2ho) = /

(e) Torispherical heads


(a)(1)(a) : E = 1  Pa(a) = 1.67 P = 32.216 psi
UG-28 (d) : A =

0.125
= 0.000416
Ro t

Pa(e) =

B (Subpart 3 Section II Part D or 0.0625E/(Ro/t)) =


5 175.545 psi

B
= 17.22 psi
Ro t

(a)(1)(b) : Pa = MIN (Pa(a) , Pa(e)) = 17.22 psi P

Comments
AutoPIPE Vessel checks UG-33(a) (1) (a)
tn and t should be read 0.5625
See Comment for reading of external pressure curves.

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

21

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

L-6.3
External Pressure Hemispherical head (Section No.2)(in operation)
Elements considered :
Tag
002 03
ASME VIII DIV.1 2010 2011a UG-33
External Pressure : P = 15 psi
Material : SA285GRC
Vacuum curve : CS-2
Nominal thickness : tn = 0.313 in
Checked thickness : t = 0.313 in
outside height : ho = /

Diameter

Thickness

(in)

(in)

169.000

0.3125

modulus of
elasticity

(psi)
24 500 060.
0

Vacuum
curve

Temperature

(F)
CS-2

700 F

modulus of elasticity : E = 24 500 060 psi


Corrosion : 0 in
Tolerance : 0 in
External Diameter : Do = 169 in
outside radius : Ro = 84.5 in
Axis ratio : Do/(2ho) = /

(c) Hemispherical heads


UG-28 (d) : A =

0.125
= 0.000462
Ro t

B (Subpart 3 Section II Part D or 0.0625E/(Ro/t)) =


5 720.772 psi

Pa =

B
= 21.157 psi P
Ro t

Comments
tn and t should be read 0.3125
See Comment for reading of external pressure curves.

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

22

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

L-6.4 [t = 0.75 in.]


External Pressure Conical Head (Section No. 2)(in operation)
Ends of section :
Bottom :
top :

Cone-to-cylinder junction without stiffening ring

Support line level : 15.0000 in


Support line level : 219.6046 in

Elements considered :
Tag
002 30.23 Cne

Diameter

Thickness

(in)

(in)

169.500

0.7500

ASME VIII DIV.1 2010 2011a


External Pressure : P = 15 psi
Allowable stress : S = 14 257.2 psi
Unsupported shell length : 204.605 in
Checked thickness : t = 0.75 in
Element diameter at large end : DL = 169.5 in

(psi)
24 500 060.
0

te = t cos() = 0.693 in

(F)
CS-2

700 F

DL /te = 244.621

2.167
2S
0.0833 B ;
DL te
DL te

1.1
=/
(Do / t )2

Temperature

4 B
DL /te 10 : Pa =
3 DL te

DL/te10 : A (Subpart 3 Section II Part D Fig.G) = 0.000605

Vacuum
curve

Design Temperature : 700 F


modulus of elasticity : E = 24 500 060 psi
half opening angle of conical shell : = 22.5
Vacuum curve : CS-2
Element diameter at small end : Ds = 0 in

UG-33(f) Conical shell with straight circular section


L = 204.604 in Fig. UG-33.1 Le = 102.302 in Le /DL = 0.604

DL/te<10 : A = min 0.10,

modulus of
elasticity

DL /te < 10 : Pa = MIN

B (Subpart 3 Section II Part D or AE/2) = 7 006.928 psi

1
1

DL te

Pa = 38.192 psi P

Comments
See Comment for reading of external pressure curves.
The cone to cylinder junction at large end is ignored like in ASME example.

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

23

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

L-6.4 [t = 0.563 in.]


External Pressure Conical Head (Section No. 2) (in operation)
Ends of section :
Bottom :
top :

Cone-to-cylinder junction without stiffening ring

Support line level : 15.0000 in


Support line level : 219.1531 in

Elements considered :
Tag
002 30.23 Cne

Diameter

Thickness

(in)

(in)

169.126

0.5630

ASME VIII DIV.1 2010 2011a


External Pressure : P = 15 psi
Allowable stress : S = 14 257.2 psi
Unsupported shell length : 204.153 in
Checked thickness : t = 0.563 in
Element diameter at large end : DL = 169.126 in

(psi)
24 500 060.
0

te = t cos() = 0.52 in

(F)
CS-2

700 F

DL /te = 325.152

2.167
2S
0.0833 B ;
DL te
DL te

1.1
=/
(Do / t )2

Temperature

4 B
DL /te 10 : Pa =
3 DL te

DL/te10 : A (Subpart 3 Section II Part D Fig.G) = 0.000378

Vacuum
curve

Design Temperature : 700 F


modulus of elasticity : E = 24 500 060 psi
half opening angle of conical shell : = 22.5
Vacuum curve : CS-2
Element diameter at small end : Ds = 0 in

UG-33(f) Conical shell with straight circular section


L = 204.153 in Fig. UG-33.1 Le = 102.077 in Le /DL = 0.604

DL/te<10 : A = min 0.10,

modulus of
elasticity

DL /te < 10 : Pa = MIN

B (Subpart 3 Section II Part D or AE/2) = 4 692.673 psi

1
1

DL te

Pa = 19.243 psi P

Comments
See Comment for reading of external pressure curves.
The cone to cylinder junction at large end is ignored like in ASME example.
ASME example uses rounded values.
Le =L/2 = 204.153/2 = 102.0765 in; Le / DL = 102.0765/169.126 = 0.603553 ; te = t cos() = 0.563x 0.92388 = 0.52 in
DL / te = 169.126/0.52 = 325.152 10  A = 0.000378 ; B = 4692.673 psi
Pa = 4/3 [B/(DL/te)] = 4/3 x [4692.673/325.152) = 19.243 psi P

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

24

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

Appendix L-7 [Openings and reinforcements]

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

25

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

L-7.1
Isolated Opening(s)
Figures for all configurations from FIG. UG-37.1 And FIG UG-40.
Shell ( = 0 ) or Cone ( > 0 ) : in longitudinal plane.
Nozzle with or without pad, set-in or set-on

Selfreinforcing nozzle, set-in or set-on


tx

tn

>90
L2

L2.5tx
te=0

30

te

Self
height

< 90

Projection

L<2.5tx

tn
h

L1

Projection

tn

trn

tx
tp
d

te
t

tr

Cylndrical or conical shell : circumferential plane


Head : in the plane that contains the axis of the nozzle and the longitudinal axis of vessel.
Nozzle with or without pad, set-in or set-on

Selfreinforcing nozzle, set-in or set-on

tn

tx
trn

>90

30

te
R

L2.5tx
te=0

tn

Projection

L2

tr

L<2.5tx

Self
height

< 90

Projection

tn

te

L1
tp

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

tx

procal V33.1.0.11

26

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

Opening 1 [ in operation Int.P. ]


ASME VIII DIV.1
Nozzle without pad on Shell (No. 1)
Pressure : P = 250 psi
Shell
Joint efficiency : 1
E1 = 1
Ext. Diameter : Do = 30.75 in
Nozzle Neck
Joint efficiency : 1
Ext. Diameter : Don = 5.5 in
External Projection : 7.875 in
Inclination : 0
Flange
Rating : /
Pad
Height : /
Weld
Outside : leg41= 0.375 in
fr1 =min(1,Sn/Sv) = 1

(Process)
Set In
Temperature : 150 F
Material :SA516GR55
Corrosion + tolerance : Cav = 0 in
Nominal thickness : 0.375 in
Material : SA516GR55
Corrosion + tolerance : Can = 0 in
Nominal thickness : 0.75 in
Internal Projection : 0 in
Eccentricity : 0 in
Material : /
Height : /
Material : /
Width : /
outer reinforcement : leg42= /

fr2 = min(1,Sn/Sv) = 1

Allowable stress : Sv = 13 700 psi


Allowable stress : S = 13 700 psi
Tolerance for seamless pipe : /
Allowable stress : Sn = 15 000 psi
Tolerance for seamless pipe : /
Schedule :
Type : /
/
Allowable stress : Sp = /
Ext. Diameter : Dop = /
Inside : leg43= /

fr3 = min(1,min(Sn, Sp)/Sv) = 1

fr4 = min(1,Sp/Sv) = 1

Required thickness of the nozzle neck UG-27


trn = P Rn / (SnE-0.6P) = 0.0337 in
Rn = 2 in
The nozzle neck thickness is adequate per UG-27.
Required thickness of the nozzle neck UG-45
ta = trn+Can= 0.034 in ; tb1 = max[tUG-27 , UG-16(b)]+Cav= 0.277 in ; tb3 = Table UG-45+Can= 0.226 in
tUG-45 = max [ta , min [tb3 , tb1 ] ] = 0.226 in
The nozzle neck thickness is adequate per UG-45.
Dimensions FIG. UG-40
Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

angle of plane with longitudinal axis :


angle of each side / vessel wall :

= 90

= deflection angle / normal line

/
/
0 in
0.75 in
0 in

/
/
0 in
0.75 in
0 in
opening 1 [ in operation Int.P. ]

t = 0.375 in
Rn = 2 in

E=1
E=1

Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

Limits of reinforcement UG-40 :

= 90

UG-40 (b) : max [d , Rn+tn+t ] =


UG-40 (c) : min [ 2.5t , 2.5tn+te ] =

4 in
0.938 in

Circumferential plane : = 90
=/
=/

4 in
0.938 in

Longitudinal plane : = 0

Area required UG-37 (c) :


F = Correction factor FIG.UG-37
A = d tr F + 2 tn/cos() tr F (1-fr1)

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

Circumferential plane : = 90
=/
=/

0
4 in
2 in
/
/
/

d = diameter of the finished opening


Rn = radius of the finished opening
ti = thickness of internal projection
tp = width of reinforcing pad
tx = thickness of selfreinforcing
L = height of selfreinforcing
Configuration of the reinforcement :
te = thickness or height of the reinforcement
tn = thickness of nozzle
h = height of the internal projection
Reinforcement checking UG-37
Required thicknesses UG-37(a)
tr = 0.2768 in [ UG-27(c) ]
trn = P Rn / (SnE-0.6P) = 0.0337 in

E=1

Circumferential plane : = 90

1
1.107 in2

procal V33.1.0.11

27

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1


Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

Lengths and heights of calculation of the areas :

= 90

L1 = min [ UG-40(b)-Radius , length available ]


L2 = min [ UG-40(c) , height available ]
L3 = min [ h , 2.5t , 2.5ti ] =
L5 = min [ UG-40 (b)-Ron , tp , length available]

2 in
0.938 in
0 in
0 in

2 in
0.938 in
0 in
0 in

Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

Area available (in2) :

= 90

A1 = L1 (E1 t-tr F) - tn/cos() (E1 t-tr F) (1-fr1)


A2 = L2 (tn-trn) fr2
A3 = L3 ti fr2
A41 = leg412 /2 fr2
A42 = leg422 /2 fr4
A43 = leg432 /2 fr2
A5 = L5 te fr4
A1 + A2 + A3 + A41 + A42 + A43 + A5 =

Circumferential plane : = 90
=/
=/

Circumferential plane : = 90
=/
=/

0.196
0.196
0.672
0.672
0
0
0.07
0.07
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.938 A/2
0.938 A/2
1.877 A

The opening is adequately reinforced per UG-37.


Weld sizes check UW-16(c).
t = 0.75
Fig. UW-16.1(d) full penetration weld
leg
t
Minimum throat required
min[ in.(6 mm);0.7tmin]= 0.25 in
tc,outward
tmin = min[ in.(19 mm) ; t , tn]
min[
in.(6 mm);0.7tmin]= /
t
t = 0.375
tc,inward
t
=
min[
in.(19 mm) ; t , tn]
min
leg
Weld sizes are adequate

opening 1 [ in operation Int.P. ]

41

c,outward

c,inward

actual
0.7leg41 = 0.2625 in
0.7leg43 Can = /

43

Weld loads check UG-41(b).


Strength calculations for attachments welds are not required for this opening in accordance with UW-15(b).

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

28

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

L-7.2 (without reinforcing plate)


Opening 1 [ in operation Int.P. ]
ASME VIII DIV.1
Nozzle without pad on Shell (No. 1)
Pressure : P = 250 psi
Shell
Joint efficiency : 1
E1 = 1
Ext. Diameter : Do = 61,5 in
Nozzle
Joint efficiency : 1
Ext. Diameter : Don = 12,75 in
External Projection : 12 in
Inclination : 0
Flange
Rating : (ASME B16.5) 300
Pad
Height : /
Weld
Outside : leg41= 0,375 in
fr1 =min(1,Sn/Sv) = 1

Set In
Temperature : 700 F
Material :SA516GR55
Corrosion + tolerance : Cav = 0 in
Nominal thickness : 0,75 in
Material : SA516GR55
Corrosion + tolerance : Can = 0 in
Nominal thickness : 0,5 in
Internal Projection : 0 in
Eccentricity : 0 in
Material : SA105
Height : 5,12 in
Material : /
Width : /
outer reinforcement : leg42= /

fr2 = min(1,Sn/Sv) = 1

Allowable stress : Sv = 14 300 psi


Allowable stress : S = 14 300 psi
Tolerance for seamless pipe : /
Allowable stress : Sn = 16 600 psi
Tolerance for seamless pipe : /
Schedule :
Type : WN
NPS 12"
Allowable stress : Sp = /
Ext. Diameter : Dop = /
Inside : leg43= /

fr3 = min(1,min(Sn, Sp)/Sv) = 0.923

fr4 = min(1,Sp/Sv) = 0.923

Required thickness of the nozzle neck UG-27


trn = P Rn / (Sn-0.6P) = 0,0893 in
Rn = 5,875 in
The nozzle neck thickness is adequate per UG-27.
Required thickness of the nozzle neck UG-45
ta = trn+Can= 0.089 in ; tb1 = max[tUG-27 , UG-16(b)]+Cav= 0.53 in ; tb3 = Table UG-45+Can= 0.328 in
tUG-45 = max [ta , min [tb3 , tb1 ] ] = 0,328 in
The nozzle neck thickness is adequate per UG-45.
Dimensions FIG. UG-40
Longitudinal Plane : = 0
= 90

angle of plane with longitudinal axis :


angle of each side / vessel wall :

= 90

= deflection angle / normal line

/
/
0 in
0,5 in
0 in

/
/
0 in
0,5 in
0 in
opening 1 [ in operation Int.P. ]

t = 0,75 in
Rn = 5,875 in

E=1
E=1

Longitudinal Plane : = 0
= 90

Limits of reinforcement UG-40 :

= 90

UG-40 (b) : max [d , Rn+tn+t ] =


UG-40 (c) : min [ 2.5t , 2.5tn+te ] =

11,75 in
1,25 in

Circumferential Plane : = 90
=/
=/

11,75 in
1,25 in

Longitudinal Plane : = 0

Area required UG-37 (c) :


F = Correction factor FIG.UG-37
A = d tr F + 2 tn/cos() tr F (1-fr1)

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

Circumferential Plane : = 90
=/
=/

0
11,75 in
5,875 in
/
/
/

d = diameter of the finished opening


Rn = radius of the finished opening
ti = thickness of internal projection
tp = width of reinforcing pad
tx = thickness of selfreinforcing
L = height of selfreinforcing
Configuration of the reinforcement :
te = thickness or height of the reinforcement
tn = thickness of nozzle
h = height of the internal projection
Reinforcement checking UG-37
Required thicknesses UG-37(a)
tr = 0.53 in [ UG-27(c) ]
trn = P Rn / (SnE-0.6P) = 0,0893 in

E=1

Circumferential Plane : = 90

1
6,228 in

procal V33.1.0.11

29

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1


Longitudinal Plane : = 0
= 90

Lengths and heights of calculation of the areas :

= 90

L1 = min [ UG-40 (b)-Radius , length available]


L2 = min [ UG-40 (c) , height available]
L3 = min [ h , 2.5t , 2.5ti ] =
L5 = min [ UG-40 (b) , tp , length available ]

5,875 in
1,25 in
0 in
0 in

5,875 in
1,25 in
0 in
0 in

Longitudinal Plane : = 0
= 90

Area available (in) :

= 90

A1 = L1 (E1 t-tr F) - tn/cos() (E1 t-tr F) (1-fr1)


A2 = L2 (tn-trn) fr2
A3 = L3 ti fr2
A41 = leg412 /2 fr2
A42 = leg422 /2 fr4
A43 = leg432 /2 fr2
A5 = L5 te fr4
A1 + A2 + A3 + A41 + A42 + A43 + A5 =

Circumferential Plane : = 90
=/
=/

Circumferential Plane : = 90
=/
=/

1,292
1,292
0,513
0,513
0
0
0,07
0,07
0
0
0
0
0
0
1,876 <A/2
1,876 <A/2
3,752 <A

The opening is not adequately reinforced per UG-37.


Weld sizes check UW-16(c).
opening 1 [ in operation Int.P. ]
t = 0,5
FIG. UW-16.1(d) full penetration weld
leg
t
Minimum throat required
actual
min( in. (6 mm),0.7tmin) = 0,25 in
tc,outward
0.7leg41 = 0,2625 in
tmin = min( in. (19 mm) , t , tn)
min( in. (6 mm),0.7tmin) = /
t
t = 0,75
tc,inward
0.7leg43 = /
tmin = min( in. (19 mm) , t , tn)
leg
Weld sizes are adequate
n

41

c,outward

c,inward

43

Weld loads check UG-41(b)


Strength calculations for attachments welds are not required for this opening in accordance with UW-15(b).

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

30

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

L-7.2 (with reinforcing plate of 3 in. wide x 0.375 in. thick


Opening 1 [ in operation Int.P. ]
ASME VIII DIV.1
Nozzle with pad (0,3753) on Shell (No. 1)
Pressure : P = 250 psi
Temperature : 700 F
Material :SA516GR55
Shell
Joint efficiency : 1
E1 = 1 Corrosion + tolerance : Cav = 0 in
Ext. Diameter : Do = 61,5 in
Nominal thickness : 0,75 in
Material : SA516GR55
Nozzle
Joint efficiency : 1
Corrosion + tolerance : Can = 0 in
Ext. Diameter : Don = 12,75 in
Nominal thickness : 0,5 in
External Projection : 12 in
Internal Projection : 0 in
Inclination : 0
Eccentricity : 0 in
Material : SA105
Flange
Rating : (ASME B16.5) 300
Height : 5,12 in
Material : SA516GR60
Pad
Height : 0,375 in
Width : 3 in
Weld
outward : leg41= 0,375 in
outer reinforcement : leg42= 0,3125 in
fr1 =min(1,Sn/Sv) = 1

fr2 = min(1,Sn/Sv) = 1

Set In
Allowable stress : Sv = 14 300 psi
Allowable stress : S = 14 300 psi
Tolerance for seamless pipe : /
Allowable stress : Sn = 16 600 psi
Tolerance for seamless pipe : /
Schedule :
Type : WN
NPS 12"
Allowable stress : Sp = 13 200 psi
Ext. Diameter : Dop = 18,75 in
inward : leg43= /

fr3 = min(1,min(Sn, Sp)/Sv) = 0.923

fr4 = min(1,Sp/Sv) = 0.923

Required thickness of the nozzle neck UG-27


trn = P Rn / (Sn-0.6P) = 0,0893 in
Rn = 5,875 in
The nozzle neck thickness is adequate per UG-27.
Required thickness of the nozzle neck UG-45
ta = trn+Can= 0.089 in ; tb1 = max[tUG-27 , UG-16(b)]+Cav= 0.53 in ; tb3 = Table UG-45+Can= 0.328 in
tUG-45 = max [ta , min [tb3 , tb1 ] ] = 0,328 in
The nozzle neck thickness is adequate per UG-45.
Dimensions FIG. UG-40
Longitudinal Plane : = 0
= 90

angle of plane with longitudinal axis :


angle of each side / vessel wall :

= 90

= deflection angle / normal line


d = diameter of the finished opening
Rn = radius of the finished opening
ti = thickness of internal projection
tp = width of reinforcing pad
tx = thickness of selfreinforcing
L = height of selfreinforcing
Configuration of the reinforcement :
te = thickness or height of the reinforcement
tn = thickness of nozzle
h = height of the internal projection
Reinforcement checking UG-37
Required thicknesses UG-37(a)
tr = 0.53 in [ UG-27(c) ]
trn = P Rn / (SnE-0.6P) = 0,0893 in

Circumferential Plane : = 90
=/
=/

0
11,75 in
5,875 in
/
3 in
/
/
sketch (b-1)
0,375 in
0,5 in
0 in

/
sketch (b-1)
0,375 in
0,5 in
0 in
opening 1 [ in operation Int.P. ]

t = 0,75 in
Rn = 5,875 in

E=1
E=1

Longitudinal Plane : = 0
= 90

Limits of reinforcement UG-40 :

= 90

UG-40 (b) : max [d , Rn+tn+t ] =


UG-40 (c) : min [ 2.5t , 2.5tn+te ] =

11,75 in
1,625 in

Circumferential Plane : = 90
=/
=/

11,75 in
1,625 in

Longitudinal Plane : = 0

Area required UG-37 (c) :


F = Correction factor FIG.UG-37
A = d tr F + 2 tn/cos() tr F (1-fr1)

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

E=1

Circumferential Plane : = 90

1
6,228 in

procal V33.1.0.11

31

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1


Longitudinal Plane : = 0
= 90

Lengths and heights of calculation of the areas :

= 90

L1 = min [ UG-40 (b)-radius , length available]


L2 = min [ UG-40 (c) , height available]
L3 = min [ h , 2.5t , 2.5ti ] =
L5 = min [ UG-40 (b) , tp , length available ]

5,875 in
1,625 in
0 in
3 in

5,875 in
1,625 in
0 in
3 in

Longitudinal Plane : = 0
= 90

Area available (in) :

= 90

A1 = L1 (E1 t-tr F) - tn/cos() (E1 t-tr F) (1-fr1)


A2 = L2 (tn-trn) fr2
A3 = L3 ti fr2
A41 = leg412 /2 fr3
A42 = leg422 /2 fr4
A43 = leg432 /2 fr2
A5 = L5 te fr4
A1 + A2 + A3 + A41 + A42 + A43 + A5 =

Circumferential Plane : = 90
=/
=/

Circumferential Plane : = 90
=/
=/

1,292
1,292
0,667
0,667
0
0
0,065
0,065
0,045
0,045
0
0
1,038
1,038
3,108 <A/2
3,108 <A/2
6,216 <A

The opening is not adequately reinforced per UG-37.


Weld sizes check UW-16(c).
opening 1 [ in operation Int.P. ]
tn = 0,5
FIG. UW-16.1 (d)+(a-1) full penetration weld
Minimum throat required
actual
leg41
tc,inner
leg42
min( in. (6 mm),0.7tmin) = 0,25 in
tc,inner
0.7leg41 = 0,2625 in
tc,outer
tmin = min( in. (19 mm) , t , tn)
te = 0,375
0.5 tmin = 0,1875 in
tc,outer
0.7leg42 = 0,2188 in
tmin = min( in. (19 mm). , te , t)
min( in. (6 mm),0.7tmin ) = /
tc
t = 0,75
tc
0.7leg43 = /
leg43
tmin = min( in. (19 mm) , t , tn)
Weld sizes are adequate
opening 1 [ in operation Int.P. ]
Allowable strengths UW-15(c) + UG-41(a) + UG-45(c) + L-7
Outer fillet weld in shear :
sw,outer = /4 Dop leg42 0.49 min( Sp , Sv ) = 29 765 lbf
Inner fillet weld in shear :
sw,inner = /4 Don leg41 0.49 min( Sp , Sn ) = 24 289 lbf
Inside fillet weld in shear :
sc = /4 Don leg43 0.49 min( Sn , Sv ) = 0 lbf
Lower groove weld in tension :
sg,lower = /4 Don t 0.74 min( Sn , Sv ) = 79 475 lbf
Upper groove weld in tension :
sg,upper = /4 Don te 0.74 min( Sn , Sp ) = 36 681 lbf
Nozzle wall in shear :
sn = /4 (Don tn) tn 0.70 Sn = 55 899 lbf

Weld loads check UG-41(b).


FIG. UG-41.1 (a)
full penetration weld

2
1

3
1

Loads to be carried by welds Fig. UG-41.1(a)


Total : W = [ A A1 + tn fr1 ( E1 t F tr )] Sv
Path 1-1 : W1-1 = (A2+A5+A41+A42) Sv
Path 2-2 : W2-2 = (A2 +A3 +A41 +A43 +tn t fr1) Sv
Path 3-3 : W3-3 = (A2+A3+A5+A41+A42+A43+tn t fr1) Sv

Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

= 90

27 623 lbf
25 967 lbf
15 835 lbf
31 329 lbf

27 623 lbf
25 967 lbf
15 835 lbf
31 329 lbf

Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

Check strength paths

= 90

Path 1-1 : min(W;W1-1) sw,outer + s n


Path 2-2 : min(W;W2-2) sw,inner+sg,upper+sg,lower+sc
Path 3-3 : min( W , W3-3 ) sw,outer+sg,lower+sc

Circumferential plane : = 180


=
=

yes
yes
yes

Circumferential plane : = 180


=
=

yes
yes
yes

Strength of welded joints is adequate


AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

32

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

L-7.2 (with reinforcing plate of 3.125 in. wide and 0.375 in. thick)
Opening 1 [ in operation Int.P. ]
ASME VIII DIV.1
Nozzle with pad (0,3753,125) on Shell (No. 1)
Pressure : P = 250 psi
Temperature : 700 F
Material :SA516GR55
Shell
Joint efficiency : 1
E1 = 1 Corrosion + tolerance : Cav = 0 in
Ext. Diameter : Do = 61,5 in
Nominal thickness : 0,75 in
Material : SA516GR55
Nozzle
Joint efficiency : 1
Corrosion + tolerance : Can = 0 in
Ext. Diameter : Don = 12,75 in
Nominal thickness : 0,5 in
External Projection : 12 in
Internal Projection : 0 in
Inclination : 0
Eccentricity : 0 in
Material : SA105
Flange
Rating : (ASME B16.5) 300
Height : 5,12 in
Material : SA516GR60
Pad
Height : 0,375 in
Width : 3,125 in
Weld
Outside : leg41= 0,375 in
outer reinforcement : leg42= 0,3125 in
fr1 =min(1,Sn/Sv) = 1

fr2 = min(1,Sn/Sv) = 1

Set In
Allowable stress : Sv = 14 300 psi
Allowable stress : S = 14 300 psi
Tolerance for seamless pipe : /
Allowable stress : Sn = 16 600 psi
Tolerance for seamless pipe : /
Schedule :
Type : WN
NPS 12"
Allowable stress : Sp = 13 200 psi
Ext. Diameter : Dop = 19 in
Inside : leg43= /

fr3 = min(1,min(Sn, Sp)/Sv) = 0.923

fr4 = min(1,Sp/Sv) = 0.923

Required thickness of the nozzle neck UG-27


trn = P Rn / (Sn-0.6P) = 0,0893 in
Rn = 5,875 in
The nozzle neck thickness is adequate per UG-27.
Required thickness of the nozzle neck UG-45
ta = trn+Can= 0.089 in ; tb1 = max[tUG-27 , UG-16(b)]+Cav= 0.53 in ; tb3 = Table UG-45+Can= 0.328 in
tUG-45 = max [ta , min [tb3 , tb1 ] ] = 0,328 in
The nozzle neck thickness is adequate per UG-45.
Dimensions FIG. UG-40
Longitudinal Plane : = 0
= 90

angle of plane with longitudinal axis :


angle of each side / vessel wall :

= 90

= deflection angle / normal line


d = diameter of the finished opening
Rn = radius of the finished opening
ti = thickness of internal projection
tp = width of reinforcing pad
tx = thickness of selfreinforcing
L = height of selfreinforcing
Configuration of the reinforcement :
te = thickness or height of the reinforcement
tn = thickness of nozzle
h = height of the internal projection
Reinforcement checking UG-37
Required thicknesses UG-37(a)
tr = 0.53 in [ UG-27(c) ]
trn = P Rn / (SnE-0.6P) = 0,0893 in

Circumferential Plane : = 90
=/
=/

0
11,75 in
5,875 in
/
3,125 in
/
/
sketch (b-1)
0,375 in
0,5 in
0 in

/
sketch (b-1)
0,375 in
0,5 in
0 in
opening 1 [ in operation Int.P. ]

t = 0,75 in
Rn = 5,875 in

E=1
E=1

Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

Limits of reinforcement UG-40 :

= 90

UG-40 (b) : max [d , Rn+tn+t ] =


UG-40 (c) : min [ 2.5t , 2.5tn+te ] =

11,75 in
1,625 in

Circumferential plane : = 90
=/
=/

11,75 in
1,625 in

Longitudinal plane : = 0

Area required UG-37 (c) :


F = Correction factor FIG.UG-37
A = d tr F + 2 tn/cos() tr F (1-fr1)

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

E=1

Circumferential plane : = 90

1
6,228 in

procal V33.1.0.11

33

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1


Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

Lengths and heights of calculation of the areas :

= 90

L1 = min [ UG-40 (b)-Radius , length available]


L2 = min [ UG-40 (c) , height available]
L3 = min [ h , 2.5t , 2.5ti ] =
L5 = min [ UG-40 (b) , tp , length available ]

5,875 in
1,625 in
0 in
3,125 in

5,875 in
1,625 in
0 in
3,125 in

Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

Area available (in) :

= 90

A1 = L1 (E1 t-tr F) - tn/cos() (E1 t-tr F) (1-fr1)


A2 = L2 (tn-trn) fr2
A3 = L3 ti fr2
A41 = leg412 /2 fr3
A42 = leg422 /2 fr4
A43 = leg432 /2 fr2
A5 = L5 te fr4
A1 + A2 + A3 + A41 + A42 + A43 + A5 =

Circumferential plane : = 90
=/
=/

Circumferential plane : = 90
=/
=/

1,292
1,292
0,667
0,667
0
0
0,065
0,065
0,045
0,045
0
0
1,082
1,082
3,151 A/2
3,151 A/2
6,303 A

The opening is adequately reinforced per UG-37.


Weld sizes check UW-16(c).
opening 1 [ in operation Int.P. ]
tn = 0,5
FIG. UW-16.1 (d)+(a-1) full penetration weld
Minimum throat required
actual
leg41
tc,inner
leg42
min( in. (6 mm),0.7tmin) = 0,25 in
tc,inner
0.7leg41 = 0,2625 in
tc,outer
tmin = min( in. (19 mm) , t , tn)
te = 0,375
0.5 tmin = 0,1875 in
tc,outer
0.7leg42 = 0,2188 in
tmin = min( in. (19 mm). , te , t)
min( in. (6 mm),0.7tmin) = /
tc
t = 0,75
tc
0.7leg43 = /
leg43
tmin = min( in. (19 mm) , t , tn)
Weld sizes are adequate
opening 1 [ in operation Int.P. ]
Allowable strengths UW-15(c) + UG-41(a) + UG-45(c) + L-7
Outer fillet weld in shear :
sw,outer = /4 Dop leg42 0.49 min( Sp , Sv ) = 30 162 lbf
Inner fillet weld in shear :
sw,inner = /4 Don leg41 0.49 min( Sp , Sn ) = 24 289 lbf
Inside fillet weld in shear :
sc = /4 Don leg43 0.49 min( Sn , Sv ) = 0 lbf
Lower groove weld in tension :
sg,lower = /4 Don t 0.74 min( Sn , Sv ) = 79 475 lbf
Upper groove weld in tension :
sg,upper = /4 Don te 0.74 min( Sn , Sp ) = 36 681 lbf
Nozzle wall in shear :
sn = /4 (Don tn) tn 0.70 Sn = 55 899 lbf

Weld loads check UG-41(b).


FIG. UG-41.1 (a)
full penetration weld

2
1

3
1

Loads to be carried by welds Fig. UG-41.1(a)


Total : W = [ A A1 + tn fr1 ( E1 t F tr )] Sv
Path 1-1 : W1-1 = (A2+A5+A41+A42) Sv
Path 2-2 : W2-2 = (A2 +A3 +A41 +A43 +tn t fr1) Sv
Path 3-3 : W3-3 = (A2+A3+A5+A41+A42+A43+tn t fr1) Sv

Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

= 90

27 623 lbf
26 585 lbf
15 835 lbf
31 948 lbf

27 623 lbf
26 585 lbf
15 835 lbf
31 948 lbf

Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

Check strength paths

= 90

Path 1-1 : min(W;W1-1) sw,outer + s n


Path 2-2 : min(W;W2-2) sw,inner+sg,upper+sg,lower+sc
Path 3-3 : min( W , W3-3 ) sw,outer+sg,lower+sc

Circumferential plane : = 180


=
=

yes
yes
yes

Circumferential plane : = 180


=
=

yes
yes
yes

Strength of welded joints is adequate

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

34

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

L-7.4
Opening 1 [ in operation Int.P. ]
ASME VIII DIV.1
Nozzle Self Reinforcing (3,252 = 25 ) on Shell (No. 1)
Pressure : P = 425 psi
Temperature : 800 F
Material :SA516GR55
Shell
Joint efficiency : 1
E1 = 1 Corrosion + tolerance : Cav = 0,063 in
Ext. Diameter : Do = 100 in
Nominal thickness : 2 in
Material : SA105
Nozzle
Joint efficiency : 1
Corrosion + tolerance : Can = 0,063 in
Ext. Diameter : Don = 19,5 in
Nominal thickness : 1,75 in
External Projection : 12 in
Internal Projection : 0 in
Inclination : 0
Eccentricity : 0 in
Material : SA105
Flange
Rating : (ASME B16.5) 600
height : 3.25 in
Material : /
Pad
Height : 2 in
Width : 3,25 in
Weld
Outside : leg41= 0,75 in
outer reinforcement : leg42= /
fr1 =min(1,Sn/Sv) = 1

fr2 = min(1,Sn/Sv) = 1

Set-on
Allowable stress : Sv = 11 400 psi
Allowable stress : S = 11 400 psi
Tolerance for seamless pipe : /
Allowable stress : Sn = 12 000 psi
Tolerance for seamless pipe : /
Schedule :
Type : LN
NPS 16"
Allowable stress : Sp = /
Ext. Diameter : Dop = 26 in
Inside : leg43= /

fr3 = min(1,min(Sn, Sp)/Sv) = 1

fr4 = min(1,Sp/Sv) = 1

Required thickness of the nozzle neck UG-27


trn = P Rn / (Sn-0.6P) = 0,2917 in
Rn = 8,063 in
The nozzle neck thickness is adequate per UG-27.
Required thickness of the nozzle neck UG-45
ta = trn+Can= 0,354 in ; tb1 = max[t UG-27 , UG-16(b)]+Cav= 1,895 in ; tb3 = Table UG-45+Can= 0,391 in
tUG-45 = max [ta , min [tb3 , tb1 ] ] = 0,3905 in
The nozzle neck thickness is adequate per UG-45.
Dimensions FIG. UG-40
Longitudinal Plane : = 0
= 90

angle of plane with longitudinal axis :


angle of each side / vessel wall :

= 90

= deflection angle / normal line


d = diameter of the finished opening
Rn = radius of the finished opening
ti = thickness of internal projection
tp = width of reinforcing pad
tx = thickness of selfreinforcing
L = height of selfreinforcing
Configuration of the reinforcement :
te = thickness or height of the reinforcement
tn = thickness of nozzle
h = height of the internal projection
Reinforcement checking UG-37
Required thicknesses UG-37(a)
tr = 1,8328 in [ UG-27(c) ]
trn = P Rn / (SnE-0.6P) = 0,2917 in

2 in
sketch (e-1)
3.5 in
1,6875 in
0 in

2 in
sketch (e-1)
3.5 in
1,6875 in
0 in
opening 1 [ in operation Int.P. ]

t = 1,9375 in
Rn = 8,063 in

E=1
E=1

Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

= 90

16,125 in
4,844 in

Circumferential plane : = 90
=/
=/

16,125 in
4,844 in

Longitudinal plane : = 0

Area required UG-37 (c) :


F = Correction factor FIG.UG-37
A = d tr F + 2 tn/cos() tr F (1-fr1)

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

Circumferential Plane : = 90
=/
=/

0
16,125 in
8,063 in
/
/
4,9375 in

Limits of reinforcement UG-40 :


UG-40 (b) : max [d , Rn+tn+t ] =
UG-40 (c) : min [ 2.5t , 2.5tn+te ] =

E=1

Circumferential plane : = 90

1
29,554 in

procal V33.1.0.11

35

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1


Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

Lengths and heights of calculation of the areas :

= 90

L1 = min [ UG-40 (b)-Radius , length available]


L2 = min [ UG-40 (c) , height available]
L3 = min [ h , 2.5t , 2.5ti ] =
L5 = min [ UG-40 (c) , te , height available ]

8,063 in
4,844 in
0 in
3.5 in

Circumferential plane : = 90
=/
=/

8,063 in
4,844 in
0 in
3.5 in

Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

Area available (in) :

Circumferential plane : = 90
=/
=/

= 90

A1 = L1 (E1 t-tr F) - tn/cos() (E1 t-tr F) (1-fr1)


A2 = L2 (tn-trn) fr2
A3 = L3 ti fr2
A41 = leg412 /2 fr2
A42 = leg422 /2 fr4
A43 = leg432 /2 fr2
A5 = L5 (tx-tn) fr2
A1 + A2 + A3 + A41 + A42 + A43 + A5 =

0,844
0,844
6,761
6,761
0
0
0,281
0,281
0
0
0
0
8,937
8,937
16,824 A/2
16,824 A/2
33,647 A

The opening is adequately reinforced per UG-37.


Weld sizes check UW-16(c).
t = 1,688
FIG. UW-16.1(a) full penetration weld
leg
Minimum throat required
min( in. (6 mm),0.7tmin)= 0,25 in
tc
tmin = min( in. (19 mm) , t , tn)
t
t = 1,937
Weld sizes are adequate

opening 1 [ in operation Int.P. ]

41

actual
0.7leg41 = 0,525 in

Weld loads check UG-41(b)


Strength calculations for attachments welds are not required for this opening in accordance with UW-15(b).

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

36

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1


Comments

3.71957

te

12

1.75
2 4 48 '

13.71957

3.25

16
26
According to FIG UG-40 (e-1)

te limited to self reinforcement height : 2 +1.5 = 3.5 in


Calculation of A5 area :
a) part of cylindrical reinforcement : 3.25 x 2 = 6.5 in2
b) part of cone : 3.25 x 1.5 /2 = 2.4375 in2
A5 = 6.5 +2.4375 = 8.9375 in2

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

37

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

L-7.5
Opening 1 [ in operation Int.P. ]
ASME VIII DIV.1
Nozzle with pad (1,56,125) on Shell (No. 1)
Pressure : P = 500 psi
Temperature : 400 F
Material :SA516GR70
Shell
Joint efficiency : 1
E1 = 1 Corrosion + tolerance : Cav = 0,25 in
Ext. Diameter : Do = 87 in
Nominal thickness : 2 in
Material : SA516GR70
Nozzle
Joint efficiency : 1
Corrosion + tolerance : Can = 0,25 in
Ext. Diameter : Don = 16 in
Nominal thickness : 0,75 in
External Projection : 12 in
Internal Projection : 0 in
Inclination : 0
Eccentricity : 0 in
Material : SA105
Flange
Rating : (ASME B16.5) 300
height : 5,12 in
Material : SA516GR60
Pad
Height : 1,5 in
Width : 6,125 in
Weld
Outside : leg41= 0,375 in
outer reinforcement : leg42= 0,875 in
fr1 =min(1,Sn/Sv) = 1

fr2 = min(1,Sn/Sv) = 1

Set In
Allowable stress : Sv = 13 700 psi
Allowable stress : S = 13 700 psi
Tolerance for seamless pipe : /
Allowable stress : Sn = 13 700 psi
Tolerance for seamless pipe : /
Schedule :
Type : WN
NPS 12"
Allowable stress : Sp = 13 700 psi
Ext. Diameter : Dop = 28,25 in
Inside : leg43= /

fr3 = min(1,min(Sn, Sp)/Sv) = 1

fr4 = min(1,Sp/Sv) = 1

Required thickness of the nozzle neck UG-27


trn = P Ron / (Sn+0.4P) = 0,2878 in
Ron = 8 in
The nozzle neck thickness is adequate per UG-27.
Required thickness of the nozzle neck UG-45
ta = trn+Can= 0,538 in ; tb1 = max[tUG-27 , UG-16(b)]+Cav= 1,808 in ; tb3 = Table UG-45+Can= 0,578 in
tUG-45 = max [ta , min [tb3 , tb1 ] ] = 0,578 in
The nozzle neck thickness is adequate per UG-45.
Dimensions FIG. UG-40
Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

angle of plane with longitudinal axis :


angle of each side / vessel wall :

= 90

= deflection angle / normal line


d = diameter of the finished opening
Rn = radius of the finished opening
ti = thickness of internal projection
tp = width of reinforcing pad
tx = thickness of selfreinforcing
L = height of selfreinforcing
Configuration of the reinforcement :
te = thickness or height of the reinforcement
tn = thickness of nozzle
h = height of the internal projection
Reinforcement checking UG-37
Required thicknesses UG-37(a)
tr = 1,5578 in [ UG-27(c) ]
trn = P Ron / (SnE+0.4P) = 0,2878 in

E=1

Circumferential plane : = 90
=/
=/

0
15 in
7.5 in
/
6,125 in
/
/
sketch (b-1)
1,5 in
0,5 in
0 in

/
sketch (b-1)
1,5 in
0,5 in
0 in
opening 1 [ in operation Int.P. ]

t = 1,75 in
Ron = 8 in

E=1
E=1
]

Limits of reinforcement UG-40 :

Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90
= 90

UG-40 (b) : max [d , Rn+tn+t ] =


UG-40 (c) : min [ 2.5t , 2.5tn+te ] =

15 in
2,75 in

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

15 in
2,75 in

Longitudinal plane : = 0

Area required UG-37 (c) :


F = Correction factor FIG.UG-37
A = d tr F + 2 tn/cos() tr F (1-fr1)

Circumferential plane : = 90
=/
=/

Circumferential plane : = 90

1
23,368 in

procal V33.1.0.11

38

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1


Longitudinal Plane : = 0
= 90

Lengths and heights of calculation of the areas :

= 90

L1 = min [ UG-40 (b)-Radius , length available]


L2 = min [ UG-40 (c) , height available]
L3 = min [ h , 2.5t , 2.5ti ] =
L5 = min [ UG-40 (b) , tp , length available ]

7,5 in
2,75 in
0 in
6,125 in

7,5 in
2,75 in
0 in
6,125 in

Longitudinal Plane : = 0
= 90

Area available (in) :

Circumferential Plane : = 90
=/
=/

= 90

Circumferential Plane : = 90
=/
=/

A1 = L1 (E1 t-tr F) - tn/cos() (E1 t-tr F) (1-fr1)


A2 = L2 (tn-trn) fr2
A3 = L3 ti fr2
A41 = leg412 /2 fr3
A42 = leg422 /2 fr4
A43 = leg432 /2 fr2
A5 = L5 te fr4

1,441
1,441
0,584
0,584
0
0
0,07
0,07
0,383
0,383
0
0
9,188
9,188
11,665 <A/2
11,665 <A/2
A1 + A2 + A3 + A41 + A42 + A43 + A5 =
23,331 <A
The opening is not adequately reinforced per UG-37.
Weld sizes check UW-16(c).
tn = 0,49
FIG. UW-16.1 (d)+(a-1) full penetration weld
Minimum throat required
leg41
tc,inner
leg42
min[ in.(6 mm);0.7tmin]= 0,25 in
tc,inner
tc,outer
tmin = min[ in.(19 mm) ; te , tn]
te = 1,5
0.5 tmin = 0,375 in
tc,outer
tmin = min[ in.(19 mm) ; te , t]
min[ in. (6 mm);0.7tmin]= /
tc
t = 1,75
tc
leg43
tmin = min[ in.(19 mm) ; t , tn]
Weld sizes are adequate

full penetration weld

2
3
1

actual
0.7leg41 = 0,2625 in
0.7leg42 = 0,6125 in
0.7leg43 Can = /

opening 1 [ in operation Int.P. ]


Allowable strengths UW-15(c) + UG-41(a) + UG-45(c) + L-7
Outer fillet weld in shear :
sw,outer = /4 Dop leg42 0.49 min( Sp , Sv ) = 130 327 lbf
Inner fillet weld in shear :
sw,inner = /4 Don leg41 0.49 min( Sp , Sn ) = 31 634 lbf
Inside fillet weld in shear :
sc = /4 Don leg43 0.49 min( Sn , Sv ) = 0 lbf
Lower groove weld in tension :
sg,lower = /4 Don t 0.74 min( Sn , Sv ) = 222 946 lbf
Upper groove weld in tension :
sg,upper = /4 Don te 0.74 min( Sn , Sp ) = 191 097 lbf
Nozzle wall in shear :
sn = /4 (Don tn) tn 0.70 Sn = 58 373 lbf

Weld loads check UG-41(b).


FIG. UG-41.1 (a)

opening 1 [ in operation Int.P. ]

Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

Loads to be carried by welds Fig. UG-41.1(a)


Total : W = [ A A1 + tn fr1 ( E1 t F tr )] Sv
Path 1-1 : W1-1 = (A2+A5+A41+A42) Sv
Path 2-2 : W2-2 = (A2 +A3 +A41 +A43 +tn t fr1) Sv
Path 3-3 : W3-3 = (A2+A3+A5+A41+A42+A43+tn t fr1) Sv

= 90

141 639 lbf


140 072 lbf
20 947 lbf
152 060 lbf

141 639 lbf


140 072 lbf
20 947 lbf
152 060 lbf

Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

Check strength paths

= 90

Path 1-1 : min(W;W1-1) sw,outer + s n


Path 2-2 : min(W;W2-2) sw,inner+sg,upper+sg,lower+sc
Path 3-3 : min( W , W3-3 ) sw,outer+sg,lower+sc

Circumferential plane : = 180


=
=

yes
yes
yes

Circumferential plane : = 180


=
=

yes
yes
yes

Strength of welded joints is adequate

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

39

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

Comments
Calculation of tr,n is normally done in AutoPIPE Vessel with formula of external diameter and consequently gives a
different thickness than in ASME example.
trn = 500x8 / (13700+0.4x500) = 0,28777 in
tr = 500x41.75 / (13700-0.6x500) = 1,55784 in
Required area to be reinforced :
A = d tr F + 2 tn/cos() tr F (1-fr1) = 15x1.55784 = 23.3676 in2 (ASME example value is 23.4 in2)
Available areas on each side :
A1 = 7.5x(1.75-1.55784) =
1.4412 in2 (ASME example value is 2.85/2 =1.425 in2)
A2 = 2.75x(0.5-0.28777) =
0.5836 in2 (ASME example value is 1.21/2 =0.605 in2)
A3 =
0 in2
2
A41 = 0.375 /2=
0.0703 in2 (ASME example value of the sum of A41 and A42 is 0.906/2 = 0.453 in2)
2
A42 = 0.875 /2=
0.3828 in2 ASME example value of the sum of A41 and A42 is 0.906/2 = 0.453 in2)
0 in2
A43 =
A1 + A2 + A3 + A41 + A42 = A13 = 2.4779 in2 (ASME example value is 4.97/2 = 2.485 in2)
A5 = 6.125x1.5 =
9.1875 in2 (ASME example value is 18.4/2 = 9.2 in2)
Total of available areas in AutoPIPE Vessel calculation : 2.4779+9.1875 = 11.6654 in2 < 23.3676/2 = 11.6835 in2
Total of available areas in ASME example is : 2.485+9.2 = 11.685 in2 < 23.4/2 =11.7 in2
ASME example conclusion is : This is equal to the required area; therefore, opening is adequatly reinforced.
ASME calculation is not correct. There are too many rounded values resulting in an important error.

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

40

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

L-7.6
Opening 1 [ in operation Int.P. ]
ASME VIII DIV.1
Nozzle without pad on Elliptical Head (No. 2)
Pressure : P = 150 psi
Temperature : 400 F
Material :SA516GR60
Shell
Joint efficiency : 1
E1 = 1 Corrosion + tolerance : Cav = 0 in
Ext. Diameter : Do = 24 in
Nominal thickness : 0,188 in
Material : SA106GRB
Nozzle
Joint efficiency : 1
Corrosion + tolerance : Can = 0 in
Ext. Diameter : Don = 8,625 in
Nominal thickness : 0,25 in
External Projection : 9,906 in
Internal Projection : 0,6 in
Inclination : 0
Eccentricity : 0 in
Material : /
Flange
Rating : /
height : /
Material : /
Pad
Height : /
Width : /
Weld
Outside : leg41= 0,25 in
outer reinforcement : leg42= /
fr1 =min(1,Sn/Sv) = 0.686

fr2 = min(1,Sn/Sv) = 0.686

Set In
Allowable stress : Sv = 17 500 psi
Allowable stress : S = 17 500 psi
Tolerance for seamless pipe : /
Allowable stress : Sn = 12 000 psi
Tolerance for seamless pipe : 12,5 %
NPS 8"
Schedule : 20
Type : /
Allowable stress : Sp = /
Ext. Diameter : Dop = /
Inside : leg43= 0,25 in

fr3 = min(1,min(Sn, Sp)/Sv) = 0.686

fr4 = min(1,Sp/Sv) = 1

Required thickness of the nozzle neck Appendix 1-1


trn = P Ron / (Sn+0.4P) = 0,0536 in
Ron = 4,313 in
The nozzle neck thickness is adequate per Appendix 1-1.
Required thickness of the nozzle neck UG-45
ta = trn+Can= 0.054 in ; tb1 = max[tUG-32 , UG-16(b)]+Cav= 0.101 in ; tb3 = Table UG-45+Can= 0.282 in
tUG-45 = max [ta , min [tb3 , tb1 ] ] = 0,1013 in
The nozzle neck thickness is adequate per UG-45.
Dimensions FIG. UG-40
Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

angle of plane with longitudinal axis :


angle of each side / vessel wall :

= 90

= deflection angle / normal line

/
/
0 in
0,25 in
0,6 in

/
/
0 in
0,25 in
0,6 in
opening 1 [ in operation Int.P. ]

t = 0,1875 in
Ron = 4,313 in

K1 (Table UG-37) = 0,9

Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

Limits of reinforcement UG-40 :

= 90

UG-40 (b) : max [d , Rn+tn+t ] =


UG-40 (c) : min [ 2.5t , 2.5tn+te ] =

8,125 in
0,469 in

E=1
E=1

Circumferential plane : = 90
=/
=/

8,125 in
0,469 in

Longitudinal plane : = 0

Area required UG-37 (c) :


F = Correction factor FIG.UG-37
A = d tr F + 2 tn/cos() tr F (1-fr1)

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

Circumferential plane : = 90
=/
=/

0
8,125 in
4,063 in
0,25 in
/
/

d = diameter of the finished opening


Rn = radius of the finished opening
ti = thickness of internal projection
tp = width of reinforcing pad
tx = thickness of selfreinforcing
L = height of selfreinforcing
Configuration of the reinforcement :
te = thickness or height of the reinforcement
tn = thickness of nozzle
h = height of the internal projection
Reinforcement checking UG-37
Required thicknesses UG-37(a)
tr = 0.0912 in [ UG-37(a)(c) + UG-27(d) ]
trn = P Ron / (SnE+0.4P) = 0,0536 in

E=1

Circumferential plane : = 90

1
0,756 in

procal V33.1.0.11

41

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1


Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

Lengths and heights of calculation of the areas :

= 90

L1 = min [ UG-40 (b)-Radius , length available]


L2 = min [ UG-40 (c) , height available]
L3 = min [ h , 2.5t , 2.5ti ] =
L5 = min [ UG-40 (b) , tp , length available ]

4,038 in
0,469 in
0,469 in
0 in

4,038 in
0,469 in
0,469 in
0 in

Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

Area available (in) :

= 90

A1 = L1 (E1 t-tr F) - tn/cos() (E1 t-tr F) (1-fr1)


A2 = L2 (tn-trn) fr2
A3 = L3 ti fr2
A41 = leg412 /2 fr2
A42 = leg422 /2 fr4
A43 = leg432 /2 fr2
A5 = L5 te fr4
A1 + A2 + A3 + A41 + A42 + A43 + A5 =

Circumferential plane : = 90
=/
=/

Circumferential plane : = 90
=/
=/

0,381
0,381
0,063
0,063
0,08
0,08
0,021
0,021
0
0
0,021
0,021
0
0
0,567 A/2
0,567 A/2
1,135 A

The opening is adequately reinforced per UG-37.


Weld sizes check UW-16(c).
opening 1 [ in operation Int.P. ]
t = 0,25
FIG. UW-16.1(d) full penetration weld
leg
t
Minimum throat required
actual
min[ in.(6 mm);0.7tmin]= 0,1313 in
tc,outward
0.7leg41 = 0,175 in
tmin = min[ in.(19 mm) ; t , tn]
min[ in.(6 mm);0.7tmin]= 0,1313 in
t
t = 0,188
tc,inward
0.7leg43 = 0,175 in
tmin = min[ in.(19 mm) ; t , tn]
leg
Weld sizes are adequate
n

41

c,outward

c,inward

43

Weld loads check UG-41(b)


Strength calculations for attachments welds are not required for this opening in accordance with UW-15(b).
Comments
AutoPIPE Vessel does not take into account weld attachment following FIG.UW-16.1(i) and consequently does not
check weld loading.

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

42

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

L-7.7 (nozzle thickness = in.)


Opening A [ in operation Int.P. ]
ASME VIII DIV.1
Nozzle without pad on Shell (No. 1)
Pressure : P = 1 000 psi
Shell
Joint efficiency : 1
E1 = 1
Ext. Diameter : Do = 33 in
Nozzle
Joint efficiency : 1
Ext. Diameter : Don = 5 in
External Projection : 12 in
Inclination : 0
Flange
Rating : /
Pad
Height : /
Weld
outward : leg41= 0,5 in
fr1 =min(1,Sn/Sv) = 1

Set-in
Temperature : 150 F
Material :SA515GR60
Corrosion + tolerance : Cav = 0 in
Nominal thickness : 1,5 in
Material : SA515GR60
Corrosion + tolerance : Can = 0 in
Nominal thickness : 0,5 in
Internal Projection : 0 in
Eccentricity : 12 in
Material : /
height : /
Material : /
Width : /
outer reinforcement : leg42= /

fr2 = min(1,Sn/Sv) = 1

Allowable stress : Sv = 13 800 psi


Allowable stress : S = 13 800 psi
Tolerance for seamless pipe : /
Allowable stress : Sn = 15 000 psi
Tolerance for seamless pipe : /
Schedule :
Type : /
Allowable stress : Sp = /
Ext. Diameter : Dop = /
inward : leg43= /

fr3 = min(1,min(Sn, Sp)/Sv) = 1

fr4 = min(1,Sp/Sv) = 1

Required thickness of the nozzle neck UG-27


trn = P Rn / (Sn-0.6P) = 0,1389 in
Rn = 2 in
The nozzle neck thickness is adequate per UG-27.
Required thickness of the nozzle neck UG-45
ta = trn+Can= 0.139 in ; tb1 = max[tUG-27 , UG-16(b)]+Cav= 1.136 in ; tb3 = Table UG-45+Can= 0.226 in
tUG-45 = max [ta , min [tb3 , tb1 ] ] = 0,226 in
The nozzle neck thickness is adequate per UG-45.
Dimensions FIG. UG-40
Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

angle of plane with longitudinal axis :


angle of each side / vessel wall :

= 90

= deflection angle / normal line

Reinforcement checking UG-37


Required thicknesses UG-37(a)
tr = 1.1364 in [ UG-27(c) ]
trn = P Rn / (SnE-0.6P) = 0,1389 in

/
/
0 in
0,5 in
0 in

46,66
6,366 in
3,183 in
/
/
/
/
/
0 in
0,5 in
0 in

/
/
0 in
0,5 in
0 in

/
/
0 in
0,5 in
0 in

opening A [ in operation Int.P. ]


t = 1,5 in
Rn = 2 in

E=1
E=1

Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

Limits of reinforcement UG-40 :

= 90

UG-40 (b) : max [d , Rn+tn+t ] =


UG-40 (c) : min [ 2.5t , 2.5tn+te ] =

4 in
1,25 in

Area required UG-37 (c) :


F = Correction factor FIG.UG-37
A = d tr F + 2 tn/cos() tr F (1-fr1)

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

Circumferential plane : = 90
= 136,66

= 43,34

0
4 in
2 in
/
/
/

d = diameter of the finished opening


Rn = radius of the finished opening
ti = thickness of internal projection
tp = width of reinforcing pad
tx = thickness of selfreinforcing
L = height of selfreinforcing
Configuration of the reinforcement :
te = thickness or height of the reinforcement
tn = thickness of nozzle
h = height of the internal projection

E=1

procal V33.1.0.11

4 in
1,25 in

Circumferential plane : = 90
= 136,66

= 43,34

6,366 in
1,25 in

6,366 in
1,25 in

Longitudinal plane : = 0

Circumferential plane : = 90

1
4,545 in

0,5
3,617 in

43

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1


Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

Lengths and heights of calculation of the areas :

= 90

L1 = min [ UG-40 (b)-Radius , length available]


L2 = min [ UG-40 (c) , height available]
L3 = min [ h , 2.5t , 2.5ti ] =
L5 = min [ UG-40 (b) , tp , length available ]

2 in
1,25 in
0 in
0 in

Area available (in) :

= 90

A1 = L1 (E1 t-tr F) - tn/cos() (E1 t-tr F) (1-fr1)


A2 = L2 (tn-trn) fr2
A3 = L3 ti fr2
A41 = leg412 /2 fr2
A42 = leg422 /2 fr4
A43 = leg432 /2 fr2
A5 = L5 te fr4
A1 + A2 + A3 + A41 + A42 + A43 + A5 =

Circumferential plane : = 90
= 136,66

= 43,34

2 in
1,25 in
0 in
0 in

3,161 in
1,25 in
0 in
0 in

Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

= 43,34

0,727
0,727
0,451
0,451
0
0
0,125
0,125
0
0
0
0
0
0
1,304 <A/2
1,304 <A/2
2,607 <A

The opening is not adequately reinforced per UG-37.


Weld sizes check UW-16(c).
t = 0,5
FIG. UW-16.1(d) full penetration weld
leg
t
Minimum throat required
min[ in.(6 mm);0.7tmin]= 0,25 in
tc,outward
tmin = min[ in.(19 mm) ; t , tn]
min[ in.(6 mm);0.7tmin]= /
t
t = 1,5
tc,inward
tmin = min[ in.(19 mm) ; t , tn]
leg
Weld sizes are adequate

3,161 in
1,25 in
0 in
0 in

Circumferential plane : = 90
= 136,66

2,946
2,946
0,451
0,451
0
0
0,125
0,125
0
0
0
0
0
0
3,522 A/2
3,522 A/2
7,044 A
opening A [ in operation Int.P. ]

41

actual

c,outward

c,inward

0.7leg41 = 0,35 in
0.7leg43 = /

43

Weld loads check UG-41(b)


Strength calculations for attachments welds are not required for this opening in accordance with UW-15(b).

Comments
Differences are due to the fact that AutoPIPE Vessel calculates d using the nominal thickness of the shell (1.5 in.)
instead of the calculated value tr.
tr = (1000x15)/(13800-0.6*1000) = 1.1364 in (ASME value is 1.14in)
Angles are different and consequently d.
AutoPIPE Vessel calculation :
Rm = 15 + (1.5/2) = 15.75 in
1 = arc cos((12+2)/15.75) = 27.266
2 = arc cos((12-2)/15.75) = 50.586
= 50.586-27.266 = 23.32
d = 2x15.75x(1-cos(/2)2) = 6.366 in
ASME calculation is approximative taking account the rounding of tr value.
UG parts is based on the use of the internal diameter and figure UG-37.1 shows extra thickness for reinforcement
outside.
If thickness is calculated according to Appendix 1-1 ,we can consider probably that extra thickness for reinforcement is
inside. Consequently, d may be different for the same geometry following that the thickness is calculated with the
internal or the external diameter.

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

44

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

L-7.7 (nozzle thickness = 7/8 in.)


Opening A [ in operation Int.P. ]
ASME VIII DIV.1
Nozzle without pad on Shell (No. 1)
Pressure : P = 1 000 psi
Shell
Joint efficiency : 1
E1 = 1
Ext. Diameter : Do = 33 in
Nozzle
Joint efficiency : 1
Ext. Diameter : Don = 5,75 in
External Projection : 12 in
Inclination : 0
Flange
Rating : /
Pad
Height : /
Weld
Outside : leg41= 0,5 in
fr1 =min(1,Sn/Sv) = 1

Set In
Temperature : 150 F
Material :SA515GR60
Corrosion + tolerance : Cav = 0 in
Nominal thickness : 1,5 in
Material : SA515GR60
Corrosion + tolerance : Can = 0 in
Nominal thickness : 0,875 in
Internal Projection : 0 in
Eccentricity : 12 in
Material : /
height : /
Material : /
Width : /
outer reinforcement : leg42= /

fr2 = min(1,Sn/Sv) = 1

Allowable stress : Sv = 13 800 psi


Allowable stress : S = 13 800 psi
Tolerance for seamless pipe : /
Allowable stress : Sn = 17 100 psi
Tolerance for seamless pipe : /
Schedule :
Type : /
Allowable stress : Sp = /
Ext. Diameter : Dop = /
Inside : leg43= /

fr3 = min(1,min(Sn, Sp)/Sv) = 1

fr4 = min(1,Sp/Sv) = 1

Required thickness of the nozzle neck UG-27


trn = P Rn / (Sn-0.6P) = 0,1212 in
Rn = 2 in
The nozzle neck thickness is adequate per UG-27.
Required thickness of the nozzle neck UG-45
ta = trn+Can= 0.121 in ; tb1 = max[tUG-27 , UG-16(b)]+Cav= 1.136 in ; tb3 = Table UG-45+Can= 0.245 in
tUG-45 = max [ta , min [tb3 , tb1 ] ] = 0.245 in
The nozzle neck thickness is adequate per UG-45.
Dimensions FIG. UG-40
Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

angle of plane with longitudinal axis :


angle of each side / vessel wall :

= 90

= deflection angle / normal line

Reinforcement checking UG-37


Required thicknesses UG-37(a)
tr = 1.1364 in [ UG-27(c) ]
trn = P Rn / (SnE-0.6P) = 0,1212 in

/
/
0 in
0,875 in
0 in

46,66
6,366 in
3,183 in
/
/
/
/
/
0 in
0,875 in
0 in

/
/
0 in
0,875 in
0 in

/
/
0 in
0,875 in
0 in

opening A [ in operation Int.P. ]


t = 1,5 in
Rn = 2 in

E=1
E=1

Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

Limits of reinforcement UG-40 :

= 90

UG-40 (b) : max [d , Rn+tn+t ] =


UG-40 (c) : min [ 2.5t , 2.5tn+te ] =

4,375 in
2,188 in

Area required UG-37 (c) :


F = Correction factor FIG.UG-37
A = d tr F + 2 tn/cos() tr F (1-fr1)

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

Circumferential plane : = 90
= 136,66

= 43,34

0
4 in
2 in
/
/
/

d = diameter of the finished opening


Rn = radius of the finished opening
ti = thickness of internal projection
tp = width of reinforcing pad
tx = thickness of selfreinforcing
L = height of selfreinforcing
Configuration of the reinforcement :
te = thickness or height of the reinforcement
tn = thickness of nozzle
h = height of the internal projection

E=1

procal V33.1.0.11

4,375 in
2,188 in

Circumferential plane : = 90
= 136,66

= 43,34

6,366 in
2,188 in

6,366 in
2,188 in

Longitudinal plane : = 0

Circumferential plane : = 90

1
4,545 in

0,5
3,617 in

45

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1


Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

Lengths and heights of calculation of the areas :

= 90

L1 = min [ UG-40 (b)-Radius , length available]


L2 = min [ UG-40 (c) , height available]
L3 = min [ h , 2.5t , 2.5ti ] =
L5 = min [ UG-40 (b) , tp , length available ]

2,375 in
2,188 in
0 in
0 in

2,375 in
2,188 in
0 in
0 in

Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

Area available (in) :

= 90

A1 = L1 (E1 t-tr F) - tn/cos() (E1 t-tr F) (1-fr1)


A2 = L2 (tn-trn) fr2
A3 = L3 ti fr2
A41 = leg412 /2 fr2
A42 = leg422 /2 fr4
A43 = leg432 /2 fr2
A5 = L5 te fr4
A1 + A2 + A3 + A41 + A42 + A43 + A5 =

0,864
0,864
1,649
1,649
0
0
0,125
0,125
0
0
0
0
0
0
2,638 A/2
2,638 A/2
5,275 A

The opening is adequately reinforced per UG-37.


Weld sizes check UW-16(c).
t = 0,875
FIG. UW-16.1(d) full penetration weld
leg
t
Minimum throat required
min[ in.(6 mm);0.7tmin]= 0,25 in
tc,outward
tmin = min[ in.(19 mm) ; t , tn]
min[ in.(6 mm);0.7tmin]= /
t
t = 1,5
tc,inward
tmin = min[ in.(19 mm) ; t , tn]
leg
Weld sizes are adequate

Circumferential plane : = 90
= 136,66

= 43,34

3,161 in
2,188 in
0 in
0 in

3,161 in
2,188 in
0 in
0 in

Circumferential plane : = 90
= 136,66

= 43,34

2,946
2,946
1,649
1,649
0
0
0,125
0,125
0
0
0
0
0
0
4,719 A/2
4,719 A/2
9,439 A
opening A [ in operation Int.P. ]

41

actual

c,outward

c,inward

0.7leg41 = 0,35 in
0.7leg43 = /

43

Weld loads check UG-41(b)


Strength calculations for attachments welds are not required for this opening in accordance with UW-15(b).

Comments
Same as for L7-7 (nozzle thickness = in)

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

46

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

L-7.8 + UG-45
Opening 1 [ in operation Int.P. ]
ASME VIII DIV.1
Nozzle with pad (0,52,75) on Shell (No. 1)
Pressure : P = 300 psi
Temperature : 650 F
Material :SA516GR70
Shell
Joint efficiency : 1
E1 = 1 Corrosion + tolerance : Cav = 0,125 in
Ext. Diameter : Do = 43,125 in
Nominal thickness : 0,563 in
Material : SA106GRB
Nozzle
Joint efficiency : 1
Corrosion + tolerance : Can = 0,125 in
Ext. Diameter : Don = 10,75 in
Nominal thickness : 0,594 in
External Projection : 10,438 in
Internal Projection : 0 in
Inclination : 0
Eccentricity : 0 in
Material : /
Flange
Rating : /
height : /
Material : SA516GR60
Reinforcement
Height : 0,5 in
Width : 2,75 in
Weld
Outside : leg41= 0,357 in
outer reinforcement : leg42= 0,375 in
fr1 =min(1,Sn/Sv) = 0.686
= 0.857

fr2 = min(1,Sn/Sv) = 0.686

Set In
Allowable stress : Sv = 17 500 psi
Allowable stress : S = 17 500 psi
Tolerance for seamless pipe : /
Allowable stress : Sn = 12 000 psi
Tolerance for seamless pipe : 12,5 %
NPS 10"
Schedule : 80
Type : /
Allowable stress : Sp = 15 000 psi
Ext. Diameter : Dop = 16,25 in
Inside : leg43= /

fr3 = min(1,min(Sn, Sp)/Sv) = 0.686

fr4 = min(1,Sp/Sv)

Required thickness of the nozzle neck Appendix 1-1


Ron = 5,375 in
trn = P Ron / (Sn+0.4P) = 0,133 in
The nozzle neck thickness is adequate per Appendix 1-1.
Required thickness of the nozzle neck UG-45
ta = trn+Can= 0.258 in ; tb1 = max[tUG-27 , UG-16(b)]+Cav= 0.491 in ; tb3 = Table UG-45+Can= 0.444 in
tUG-45 = max [ta , min [tb3 , tb1 ] ] = 0,444 in
The nozzle neck thickness is adequate per UG-45.
Dimensions FIG. UG-40
Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

angle of plane with longitudinal axis :


angle of each side / vessel wall :

= 90

= deflection angle / normal line


d = diameter of the finished opening
Rn = radius of the finished opening
ti = thickness of internal projection
tp = width of reinforcing pad
tx = thickness of selfreinforcing
L = height of selfreinforcing
Configuration of the reinforcement :
te = thickness or height of the reinforcement
tn = thickness of nozzle
h = height of the internal projection
Reinforcement checking UG-37
Required thicknesses UG-37(a)
tr = 0.3659 in [ UG-27(c) ]
trn = P Ron / (SnE+0.4P) = 0,133 in

Circumferential plane : = 90
=/
=/

0
9,812 in
4,906 in
/
2,75 in
/
/
sketch (b-1)
0,5 in
0,469 in
0 in

/
sketch (b-1)
0,5 in
0,469 in
0 in
opening 1 [ in operation Int.P. ]

t = 0,4375 in
Ron = 5,375 in

E=1
E=1

Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

Limits of reinforcement UG-40 :

= 90

UG-40 (b) : max [d , Rn+tn+t ] =


UG-40 (c) : min [ 2.5t , 2.5tn+te ] =

9,812 in
1,094 in

Circumferential plane : = 90
=/
=/

9,812 in
1,094 in

Longitudinal plane : = 0

Area required UG-37 (c) :


F = Correction factor FIG.UG-37
A = d tr F + 2 tn/cos() tr F (1-fr1)

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

E=1

Circumferential plane : = 90

1
3,698 in

procal V33.1.0.11

47

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1


Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

Lengths and heights of calculation of the areas :

= 90

L1 = min [ UG-40 (b)-Radius , length available]


L2 = min [ UG-40 (c) , height available]
L3 = min [ h , 2.5t , 2.5ti ] =
L5 = min [ UG-40 (b) , tp , length available ]

4,906 in
1,094 in
0 in
2,75 in

4,906 in
1,094 in
0 in
2,75 in

Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

Area available (in) :

= 90

A1 = L1 (E1 t-tr F) - tn/cos() (E1 t-tr F) (1-fr1)


A2 = L2 (tn-trn) fr2
A3 = L3 ti fr2
A41 = leg412 /2 fr3
A42 = leg422 /2 fr4
A43 = leg432 /2 fr2
A5 = L5 te fr4
A1 + A2 + A3 + A41 + A42 + A43 + A5 =

opening 1 [ in operation Int.P. ]


actual
0.7leg41 = 0,2625 in
0.7leg42 = 0,2625 in
0.7leg43 = /

opening 1 [ in operation Int.P. ]


Allowable strengths UW-15(c) + UG-41(a) + UG-45(c) + L-7
Outer fillet weld in shear :
sw,outer = /4 Dop leg42 0.49 min( Sp , Sv ) = 35 177 lbf
Inner fillet weld in shear :
sw,inner = /4 Don leg41 0.49 min( Sp , Sn ) = 18 617 lbf
Inside fillet weld in shear :
sc = /4 Don leg43 0.49 min( Sn , Sv ) = 0 lbf
Lower groove weld in tension :
sg,lower = /4 Don t 0.74 min( Sn , Sv ) = 32 801 lbf
Upper groove weld in tension :
sg,upper = /4 Don te 0.74 min( Sn , Sp ) = 37 487 lbf
Nozzle wall in shear :
sn = /4 (Don tn) tn 0.70 Sn = 31 81 lbf

Weld loads check UG-41(b).


FIG. UG-41.1 (a)
full penetration weld

2
3
1

Circumferential plane : = 90
=/
=/

0,341
0,341
0,252
0,252
0
0
0,048
0,048
0,06
0,06
0
0
1,179
1,179
1,88 A/2
1,88 A/2
3,759 A

The opening is adequately reinforced per UG-37.


Weld sizes check UW-16(c).
tn = 0,469
FIG. UW-16.1 (d)+(a-1) full penetration weld
Minimum throat required
leg41
tc,inner
leg42
min[ in.(6 mm);0.7tmin]= 0,25 in
tc,inner
tc,outer
tmin = min[ in.(19 mm) ; te , tn]
te = 0,5
0.5 tmin = 0,2187 in
tc,outer
tmin = min[ in.(19 mm) ; te , t]
min[ in. (6 mm);0.7tmin]= /
tc
t = 0,4372
tc
leg43
tmin = min[ in.(19 mm) ; t , tn]
Weld sizes are adequate

Circumferential plane : = 90
=/
=/

Loads to be carried by welds Fig. UG-41.1(a)


Total : W = [ A A1 + tn fr1 ( E1 t F tr )] Sv
Path 1-1 : W1-1 = (A2+A5+A41+A42) Sv
Path 2-2 : W2-2 = (A2 +A3 +A41 +A43 +tn t fr1) Sv
Path 3-3 : W3-3 = (A2+A3+A5+A41+A42+A43+tn t fr1) Sv

Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

= 90

26 800 lbf
26 933 lbf
7 715 lbf
29 395 lbf

26 800 lbf
26 933 lbf
7 715 lbf
29 395 lbf

Longitudinal plane : = 0
= 90

Check strength paths

= 90

Path 1-1 : min(W;W1-1) sw,outer + s n


Path 2-2 : min(W;W2-2) sw,inner+sg,upper+sg,lower+sc
Path 3-3 : min( W , W3-3 ) sw,outer+sg,lower+sc

Circumferential plane : = 180


=
=

yes
yes
yes

Circumferential plane : = 180


=
=

yes
yes
yes

Strength of welded joints is adequate

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

48

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

UG 45 NOZZLE NECK THICKNESS


case of pipe nozzle
Outer Diameter of nozzle
Nominal thickness of nozzle
Pipe (yes =1)
Tolerance (12.5 % nominal thickness for pipe)
Tolerance (other than pipe)
Corrosion allowance
Design pressure
Allowable stress
Minimum calculated shell thickness (internal pressure)
Minimum calculated shell thickness (external pressure)
Standard nozzle thickness
before release 2010
Thickness according UG45B1
Thickness according UG16B
Thickness according UG45B2
Thickness according UG45B4
Thickness according UG45A

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

=
=
=
=
=

10.75 in
0.594 in
1
0.07425 in
0 in
0.125 in
300 psi
12000 psi
0.3659 in
0 in
0.365 in

0.4909
0.1875
0.444375
0.258706

in
in
in
in
in

(Mini shell thk +CA with E=1)


(1/16 in + CA)
(Ext pressure pres.thk +CA)
Standard thk * 0.875 + CA
(Mini nozzle thk +CA)

Minimum nozzle neck thickness requirement :


Max ( Min (Max ( UG45B1,UG16B,UG45B2 ),UG45B4),UG45A)
Minimum undertoleranced thickness of nozzle neck
release 2010
ta
tb1
tb2
TABLE UG-45 (undertoleranced standard
thickness)
tb3
tb = min(tb3,max(tb1,tb2))
tUG45
Minimum undertoleranced thickness of nozzle neck

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

mini = 0.44438 in

0.51975

in

=
=
=

0.258706
0.4909

in
in
in

=
=
=
=

0.319
0.444
0.444
0.444

in
in
in
in

0.51975

in

49

thickness OK per UG 45

thickness OK per UG 45

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

Part UHX

General comment
ASME examples have not been updated.
AutoPIPE Vessel examples are issued from ASME VIII div.1 2010-2011a
Consequently, where W* is used for bolting connection and if W* is null, values of Q2 and resulting values are different.

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

50

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

UHX-20.1.1 Tubesheet Integral with Shell and Channel


Tubesheet, Loading conditions 2 [corroded normal condition].
Tubesheet

ASME VIII DIV.1


2010 2011a
[UHX-12]

Tubeside

Pt=140 psi
Ps=-10 psi
ct=0 in
cs=0 in
SA240GR316
500 F
(T =/)
S = 18 000 psi Sa = 20 000 psi
Sy = 20 000 psi
E = 25 800.1 ksi
= 0.3
A = 12.939 in
0.521 in
0 in

Pressure
Corrosion
Material
Temperature
Allowable Stress
Yield Strength
modulus of elasticity
Poissons ratio
Diameter
Nominal thicknesses
Tolerance

Nt=76

pattern Square
Dc

tc
hp

Shell

Ds

Tubesheet characteristics
Diameter of perforated region
Tube expansion depth ratio
Effective Tube Pitch
p
p* =
= 1.152 in
4 MIN[AL , (4 DO p )]
1
DO2

Tubeside

SA213TP316
500 F
(Tt,m=/)
St = 18 000 psi
Sy,t = 20 000 psi
Et = 25 800.1 ksi
t = 0.3
dt=0.75 in
tt=0.065 in

0 in
SA240GR316
500 F
(Ts,m=/)
Ss = 18 000 psi
Sy,s = 20 000 psi
Es = 25 800.1 ksi
s = 0.3
12.39 in
0.18 in

0 in
SA240GR316
500 F
(Tc=/)
Sc = 18 000 psi
Sy,c = 20 000 psi
Ec = 25 800.1 ksi
c = 0.3
12.313 in
0.313 in

L=/

OTL=11.6 in

p=1 in

Configuration a
Ds = 12.39 in
ts = 0.18 in
Dc = 12.313 in
tc = 0.313 in
hg = 0 in
Extra thickness (periphery) : Tubeside : 0 in

ts

Tubes

Shellside

h = 0.521 in
hp = 0.521 in
Shellside : 0 in

D0 = 2r0+dt = 11.6 in
r0 = 5.425 in
lt,x = 0 in
= lt,x /h = 0
basic ligament efficiency : = (p- dt)/p = 0.25
effective ligament efficiency : * = (p*- d*)/ p* = 0.349
d* = max[(dt -2tt Et/E St /S ).(dt -2tt )]= 0.75 in
largest center-to-center distance between adjacent tube rows : UL = 2.25 in
Unperforated Area : AL = 26.1 in
E* = 11 492 530 psi
(Fig. UHX-11.3 , Fig. UHX-11.4)
* = 0,254

Effective elastic constants

Conditions of applicability
Minimum thickness : TEMA 9th Ed. RCB 7-11

UL 4p

Parameters
s = Ds/D0 = 1.068

MTS = D02/16 [(s-1)(s2+1)Ps-(c-1)(c2+1)Pt]

s = 4 12 1 s2

) (D

c = Dc/D0 = 1.061

+ t s ) t s = 1.209 in-1

c = 4 12 1 c2

ks = s Es ts / 6(1-s ) = 33 304.05 lbf


s = 6Ds ks [1+hs+(h2s2/2)] / h3 = 31 999 900 psi
s = [Ds2 / (4Es ts)] (1-s /2) = 7.02438810-6 in3/lbf
s = s ks s s (1+h s) = 0.492109 in2
Ws = 0.0000 lbf
Wm1s = 0.0000 lbf
Wmax = max[Ws , Wc ]
hg = max[(hg-ct),(0)] = 0 in
K = A/D0 = 1.115
3

bending moments
M *=MTS+cPt-sPs
M = max(|Mp|;|M0|)
Case
W*
1
0
2
0
3
0

Ps (psi)
0
-10
-10

Pt (psi)
140
0
140

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

MTS (lb.in/in)
-153.9086
-12.26169
-166.1703
procal V33.1.0.11

) (D

+ tc ) tc = 0.914 in-1

kc = c Ec tc / 6(1- c2) = 132 498.6 lbf


2 2
3
c = 6Dc kc [1+h c+(h c /2)] / h = 110 048 600 psi
2
-6
3
c = [Dc / (4Ec tc)] (1- c /2) = 3.9895310 in /lbf
2
c = c kc c c (1+h c) = 0.757528 in

Wc = 0.0000 lbf
Wm1c = 0.0000 lbf
W m1max = max[W m1s , W m1c ]
F =(1-*)/E* (s+c+E ln K)= 9.404

Mp = (M *- D02/32 F (Ps-Pt))/(1+F)
M0 = Mp + D02/64 (3+*) (Ps-Pt)
*
M (lb.in/in)
Mp (lb.in/in)
M0 (lb.in/in)
-47.85456
527.5189
-430.2753
-7.340597
37.30293
-31.11094
-55.19516
564.8218
-461.3862
51

M (lb.in/in)
527.5189
37.30293
564.8218

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

Bending stresses in the Tubesheet :


= 6 M / [*(h-hg)2]
|| shall be Sb = 2S
Shear stresses in the Tubesheet :
= 1/(4) (D0/hp) |Ps-Pt|
= 1/(4) ({4Ap/Cp}/hp) |Ps-Pt| if |Ps-Pt| > 3.2S hp /D0 || shall be S = 0.8S
where : Cp = 38.5 in and Ap = 68.25 in
Case
Sb (psi)
(psi)
(psi)
1
33 595
36 000
3 117
2
2 361
36 000
223
3
35 756
36 000
3 340
Axial tube stress
a0 = D0 /2
xs = 1-Nt (dt /2a0)2

S (psi)
14 400
14 400
14 400

t,o = [Pt (1xt ) Ps (1xs )] / (xt xs )

xt = 1-Nt ((dt-2tt)/2a0)2

[UW-20] Tube-To-Tubesheet Welds Fig. (c)


af = 0.175 in
ag = 0.175 in
ac= af + ag
Ff =min(0.55 af (dt+0.67af ) Sw ; Ft)=2 517.836 lbf
fw= St / Sw = 1
ff =1-Fg /(fd Ft) Fg=min(0.85 ag (dt+0.67ag ) Sw ; Ft)=2 517.836 lbf
At = (dt-tt)tt
Fd = min (Lactual ; Ft)
fd = 1.0
Sw = min (St ; S)
La = |t,o| At
Ft = (dt-tt) St = 2 517.836 lbf
[UW-20.4] Case (1-3) : Lmax=Ft Case (4-7) : Lmax=2Ft
La shall be Lmax
2
0.5
[UW-20.6] ar = 2 [ ( (0.75dt) + 1.07tt(dt-tt)fwfd ) - 0.75dt ]
ac shall not be < max(ar,tt)
Case
Fd (lbf)
fd
ff
ar (in)
La (lbf)
Lmax (lbf)
t,o (psi)
1
302
42.267
1.0000
0.0000
0.082
42.267
2 517.836
2
32
4.418
1.0000
0.0000
0.082
4.418
2 517.836
3
334
46.685
1.0000
0.0000
0.082
46.685
2 517.836
Shell stresses calculation
Axial

h
D2
6
1 * D
s,b = 2 k s s s Ps + 6 * 30 1 + s M p + 0 (Ps Pt )
bending
2
32
ts
E
h

stress
s shall be Smb,s =1,5Ss
Total axial
s = | s,m | + | s,b |
otherwise perform the elastic-plastic calculation procedure if s SPS,s = 3 S,s =
stress
54 000 psi
Case
Smb,s (psi)
s,b (psi)
s,m (psi)
s (psi)
1
-15 851
0
15 851
27 000
2
-1 753
-170
1 923
27 000
3
-17 604
-170
17 774
27 000
The shell shall have a uniform thickness adjacent to the
ls = 1.8 Ds + t s = 2,688 in
Tubesheet for a minimum length of ls.
Membrane
stress

s,m = Ds2 4ts (Ds + ts ) Ps

Channel stresses calculation

h
D2
6
1 * D
k P + 6 * 30 1 + c M p + 0 (Ps Pt )
2 c c c c
2
32
tc
E
h

c shall be Smb,c =1,5Sc


Total axial
c = | c,m | + | c,b |
otherwise perform the elastic-plastic calculation procedure if c SPS,c = 3 S,c =
stress
54 000 psi
Case
Smb,c (psi)
c,b (psi)
c,m (psi)
c (psi)
1
23 785
1 343
25 127
27 000
2
1 524
0
1 524
27 000
3
25 309
1 343
26 651
27 000
The channel shall have a uniform thickness adjacent to the
lc= 0.8 Dc + t c = 3,534 in
Tubesheet for a minimum length of lc.
Error(s) and/or warning(s)
The thickness is acceptable
The stresses in the shell and/or channel integral with tubesheet are acceptable
Membrane
stress

c,m= Dc2 4t c (Dc + t c ) Pt

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

bending
stress

procal V33.1.0.11

c,b=

52

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1


AutoPIPE Vessel checking
UHX-12.1 Configuration
cylinder

factors

UHX-12.3
shell

Ps =
Ds =
ts =
Gs =
Ss =
Sy,s =
Es =
Sps,s =

-10
12.39
0.18
0
18000
20000
25800000

psi
in
in
in
psi
psi
psi
psi

channel

Pt =
Dc =
tc =
Gc =
Sc =
Sy,c =
Ec =
Sps,c =

140
12.313
0.313
0
18000
20000
25800000

psi
in
in
in
psi
psi
psi
psi

tubesheet

h=
d=
Do =
A=
C=
hg =
ct =
cs =
S=
E=

0.521 in
in
11.6 in
12.939 in
0 in
0 in
0 in
0 in
18000 psi
25800000 psi

Nt =
dt =
tt =
stT =
Sy,t =
EtT =

76
0.75
0.065
18000
20000
25800000

in
in
psi
psi
psi

UL1 =
LL1 =
AL =
ltx =

2.25
11.6
26.1
0

in
in
in2
in

h/p =

0.521

E*/E =

0.44544631

tube

UHX-11.5
UHX-12.5

Fig. UHX-11.4
(pitch 90)

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

0.3

G1 =
W* =
equal fillet and groove welds
expansion

tubes pitch :
(90)
minimum U radius
number of pitch for Cp

procal V33.1.0.11

in
0
0 %

p=

1 in
1.125 in
34

=
=
=
ro =

0.25
0.349167893
0
5.425 in

0 =
1 =
2 =
3 =
4 =

0.5
0.0394
1.3024
-1.1041
2.8714
-2.3994

53

d* =
0.75 in
p* = 1.15237093 in
h'g =
0 in

2
0.0372
1.0314
-0.6402
2.6201
-2.1929

0.521
0.0393692
1.298606
-1.0976054
2.8678818
-2.396509

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

* =

case 1
case 2
case 3
Step 1

Ps =
Ps =
Ps =

0 psi
-10 psi
-10 psi

Do =
=

11.6 in
0.25

=
h'g =

0.34916789
0 in

0.5
0.3636
-0.8057
2.0463
-2.2902
1.1862
140 psi
0 psi
140 psi

0 =
1 =
2 =
3 =
4 =
Pt =
Pt =
Pt =

0.25392992

Step 7
case 1

s=
c=

case 1

MTs =

1.06810345
1.06146552
-153.90887 lb.in / in

case 2
case 3

MTs =
MTs =

-12.2616896 lb.in / in
-166.17056 lb.in / in

Step 3

h/p =
E*/E =
* =

0.521
0.44544631
0.25392992

s =
s =
s =
s =

1.20851423
33303.9961
31999843.6
7.0244E-06
0.49210905

K=
F=

1.11543103
9.40444385

case 3

Step 8
case 1

ks =

Step 5

M* =
M* =
M* =

Step 10
case 1

s,m =
c,m =
s,m =
c,m =

case 3

kc =

c =
c =
c=

0.914430279
132498.4123
110048441.2
3.98954E-06
0.757528882

case 3

Step 9
case 1
case 2

Step 6
case 1
case 2
case 3

case 2

c =

s,m =
c,m =

-47.8548267 lb.in / in
-7.34059906 lb.in / in
-55.1954258 lb.in / in

0 psi
s,b =
s = |s,m| + |s,b| =
1342.72069 psi
c,b =
c = |c,m| + |c,b| =
-169.619133 psi
s,b =
s = |s,m| + |s,b| =
0 psi
c,b =
c = |c,m| + |c,b| =
-169.619133 psi
s,b =
s = |s,m| + |s,b| =
1342.72069 psi
c,b =

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

case 3

-15850.60261
15850.60261
23784.67283
25127.39352
-1753.412641
1923.031774
1523.888808
1523.888808
-17604.01525
17773.63439
25308.56164
54

lb.in / in
lb.in / in
lb.in / in
lb.in / in
lb.in / in
lb.in / in
lb.in / in
lb.in / in
lb.in / in

= 33394.8552 psi
2S
OK
= 2361.4811 psi
2S
OK
= 35756.3363 psi
2S
OK

case 2
Step 4

0.3631422
-0.783797
1.9786422
-2.1977958
1.1297016

Mp = 527.518947
Mo = 430.275324
M = 527.518947
Mp = 37.3029323
Mo = 31.1109442
M = 37.3029323
Mp = 564.82188
Mo = 461.386269
M = 564.82188

case 2
Step 2

1
0.3527
-0.2842
0.4354
-0.0901
-0.159

= 3117.08253 psi
0.8 S
OK
= 222.648752 psi
0.8 S
OK
= 3339.73129 psi
0.8 S
OK

psi
psi
psi
psi
psi
psi
psi
psi
psi
psi
psi

1.5 Ss

OK

1.5 Sc

OK

1.5 Ss

OK

1.5 Sc

OK

1.5 Ss

OK

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1


c = |c,m| + |c,b| =

26651.28233 psi

1.5 Sc

OK

Comments for discrepancies between AutoPIPE Vessel and ASME example


Elasticity modulus for Stainless Steel 316 (16Cr-12Ni-2Mo) has been input because read value from Table TM-1 of
Section II Part D (GroupG at 500F) is 25,9 106 psi.
Some of values in ASME example have been rounded like parameters, AutoPIPE Vessel calculation gives for
example :
s = 12.39/11.6 = 1.0681 ; c = 12.313/11.6 = 1.0615
MTS = 11.62/16 [(1.0681-1)(1.06812+1)x-10-(1.0615-1)(1.06152+1)x140] = -166.17026
Consequently, results are slightly different.

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

55

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

UHX-20.1.2 Tubesheet gasketed with Shell and Channel


Tubesheet, Loading conditions 3 [corroded normal condition].
Tubesheet

ASME VIII DIV.1


2010 2011a
[UHX-12]

Pressure
Corrosion

Tubeside

Shellside

Pt=135 psi
ct=0,125 in

Ps=-15 psi
cs=0 in

Tubes

Shell

SB111-C70600Material
SA285GRC
H55
Temperature
300 F
(T =/) 300 F
(Tt,m=/)
Allowable Stress
S = 15 700 psi Sa = 15 700 psi St = 10 000 psi
Yield Strength
Sy = 26 500 psi
Sy,t = 31 600 psi
modulus of elasticity E = 28 300,1 ksi
Et = 15 400 ksi
Poissons ratio
= 0.3
t = 0.3
Diameter
A = 20 in
dt=0.625 in
Nominal thicknesses 1.405 in
tt=0.065 in
Tolerance
0 in
Nt=386

pattern Rotated Triangular


Dc G
c
hp

h
Ds G s

0 in

0 in

SA516GR60

SA516GR60

300 F
(Ts,m=/)
Ss = 17 100 psi
Sy,s = 28 300 psi
Es = 28300,1 ksi
s = 0.3
16.978 in
0.375 in

300 F
(Tc=/)
Sc = 17 100 psi
Sy,c = 28 300 psi
Ec = 28300,1 ksi
c = 0.3
16.978 in
0.375 in

OTL=16.8 in

p=0.75 in

Configuration d
Ds = 16.978 in
Gs = 19 in
Dc = 16.978 in
Gc = 19 in
hg = 0 in
ts = 0.375 in
Extra thickness (periphery) : Tubeside = 0 in

Tubesheet characteristics
Diameter of perforated region
Tube expansion depth ratio
Effective Tube Pitch
p
p* =
= 0.805 in
4 MIN[AL , (4 DO p )]
1
DO2
Effective elastic constants

L=/

Tubeside

h = 1.28 in
hp = 1.28 in
tc = 0.375 in
Shellside = 0 in

D0 = 2r0+dt = 16.8 in
r0 = 8.087 in
lt,x = 1.28 in
= lt,x /h = 1
basic ligament efficiency : = (p- dt)/p = 0,167
effective ligament efficiency : * = (p*- d*)/ p* = 0,28
d* = max[(dt -2tt Et/E St /S ),(dt -2tt )]= 0,58 in
largest center-to-center distance between adjacent tube rows : UL = 1.75 in
Unperforated Area : AL = 29,4 in
E* = 7 506 417 psi
(Fig. UHX-11.3 , Fig. UHX-11.4)
* = 0.358

Conditions of applicability
Minimum thickness : TEMA 9th Ed. RCB 7-11

UL 4p

Parameters
s = Gs/D0 = 1.131

MTS = D02/16 [(s-1)(s2+1)Ps-(c-1)(c2+1)Pt]

s = 4 12 1 s2

) (D

c = Gc/D0 = 1.131
+ ts ) ts = /

ks = s Es ts / 6(1-s ) = 0 lbf
s = 6Ds ks [1+hs+(h2s2/2)] / h3 = 0 psi
s = [Ds2 / (4Es ts)] (1-s /2) = 0 in3/lbf
s = s ks s s (1+h s) = 0 in2
Ws = 0.3378106 lbf
Wm1s = 0.0000 lbf
Wmax = max[Ws , Wc ]
hg = max[(hg-ct),(0)] = 0 in
K = A/D0 = 1.19
3

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

c = 4 12 1 c2

procal V33.1.0.11

) (D

+ tc ) tc = /

kc = c Ec tc / 6(1- c2) = 0 lbf


2 2
3
c = 6Dc kc [1+h c+(h c /2)] / h = 0 psi
2
3
c = [Dc / (4Ec tc)] (1- c /2) = 0 in /lbf
2
c = c kc c c (1+h c) = 0 in
Wc = 0.3378106 lbf
Wm1c = 0.6534105 lbf

W m1max = max[W m1s , W m1c ]


F =(1-*)/E* (s+c+E ln K)= 0.422

56

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

bending moments
M *=MTS+cPt-sPs+((Gc-Gs)/2D0)W*
M = max(|Mp|;|M0|)
Case
W*
Ps (psi) Pt (psi)
1
Wm1c
0
135
2
Wm1s
-15
0
3
Wm1max
-15
135

MTS (lb.in/in)
-710.7117
-78.96794
-789.6796

Mp = (M *- D02/32 F (Ps-Pt))/(1+F)
M0 = Mp + D02/64 (3+*) (Ps-Pt)
*
M (lb.in/in)
Mp (lb.in/in)
M0 (lb.in/in)
-710.7117
-146.1635
-2 145.09
-78.96794
-16.24037
-238.3433
-789.6796
-162.4039
-2 383.433

Bending stresses in the Tubesheet :


= 6 M / [*(h-hg)2]
|| shall be Sb = 2S
Shear stresses in the Tubesheet :
= 1/(4) (D0/hp) |Ps-Pt|
= 1/(4) ({4Ap/Cp}/hp) |Ps-Pt| if |Ps-Pt| > 3.2S hp /D0 || shall be S = 0.8S
in which : Cp = 54,5 in and Ap = 189.103 in
Case
Sb (psi)
(psi)
(psi)
1
28 071
31 400
2 658
2
3 119
31 400
295
3
31 190
31 400
2 953
Axial tube stress
a0 = D0 /2
xs = 1-Nt (dt /2a0)2
Tube-to-Tubesheet joint
Smin = min( S ; St )
St,j = 8 000 psi
|t,o| shall be St,j

M (lb.in/in)
2 145.09
238.3433
2 383.433

S (psi)
12 560
12 560
12 560

t,o = [Pt (1xt ) Ps (1xs )] / (xt xs )

xt = 1-Nt ((dt-2tt)/2a0)2

St,j = min[ ( Smin g / tt ) ; St ] (Weld : g = 0 in)


no groove : St,j = 0.5 Smin min[ ( lt,x / dt ) ; 1.6 ]
one groove : St,j = 0.6 Smin
with grooves > 1 : St,j = 0.8 Smin

Welded tubes :
Expanded joint
(0 groove(s) )

Error(s) and/or warning(s)


The thickness is acceptable

AutoPIPE Vessel checking


UHX-12.1 Configuration
cylinder
UHX-12.3
Ps =
shell
Ds =
ts =
Gs =
Ss =
Sy,s =
Es =
Sps,s =
channel

tubesheet

Pt =
Dc =
tc =
Gc =
Sc =
Sy,c =
Ec =
Sps,c =
hnew =
h=
d=

factors
-15
16.978
0.375
19
17100
28300
28300000

0.3

psi
in
in
in
psi
psi
psi
psi

135
16.978
0.375
19
17100
28300
28300000

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

psi
in
in
in
psi
psi
psi
psi
1.405 in
1.28 in
in
procal V33.1.0.11

57

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

tube

UHX-11.5
UHX-12.5

Do =
A=
C=
hg =
ct =
cs =
S=
E=

16.8
20
0
0
0.125
0
15700
28300000

in
in
in
in
in
in
psi
psi

Nt =
dt =
tt =
stT =
Sy,t =
EtT =

386
0.625
0.065
10000
31600
15400000

in
in
psi
psi
psi

UL1 =
LL1 =
AL =

1.75
16.8
29.4

G1 =
W* =
equal fillet and groove welds
expansion

tubes pitch :
(60)
minimum U radius
number of pitch for Cp

in
0
0 %

p=

0.75 in
0.875 in

ltx =
ltx/h =

in

=
=
=
ro =

0.166666667
0.279846218
1
8.0875
0.5

Fig. UHX-11.3
(pitch
60)
h/p =

1.706666667

E*/E =

0.265244238

* =

0.357565577

0 =
1 =
2 =
3 =
4 =

0.9923
-4.8759
12.3572
-13.7214
5.7629

Ps =
Ps =
Ps =

0
-15
-15

Pt =
Pt =
Pt =

135
0
135

Do =

16.8

0.166666667

=
h'g =

0.279846218
0

0 =
1 =
2 =
3 =
4 =

0.0054
0.5279
3.0461
-4.3657
1.9435
1

case 1
case 2
case 3
Step 1

case 1
case 2

s=
c=

1.130952381
1.130952381

MTs =
MTs =

-710.7227679
-78.96919643

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

1.706666667

-0.0029 -0.00127689
0.2126 0.27425867
3.9906 3.80589778
-6.173 -5.81957244
3.4307 3.13986978
2
0.9966 0.99533867
-4.1978 -4.39670933
9.0478 10.0185573
-7.9955 -9.67509733
2.2398 3.27324267

Step 7
case 1

case 2
Step 2

d* = 0.57994137
p* = 0.805302124
h'g =
0

case 3

58

Mp = 146.1719455
Mo = 2145.098611
M = 2145.098611
Mp = 16.24132727
Mo = 238.3442902
M = 238.3442902
Mp = 162.4132727
Mo =
prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

case 3
Step 3

MTs =

-789.6919643

h/p =
E*/E =
* =

1.706666667
0.265244238
0.357565577

2383.442902
M = 2383.442902
Step 8
case 1
case 2

Step 4

s =

0 c =
0 kc =
0 c =
0 c =
0 c =

ks =

s =
s =
s =
Step 5

Step 6
case 1
case 2
case 3

K=
F=

1.19047619
0.42229237

M* =
M* =
M* =

-710.7227679
-78.96919643
-789.6919643

0
0
0
0
0

case 3

Step 9
case 1
case 2
case 3

= 28071.08054
2S
OK
= 3119.008949
2S
OK
= 31190.08949
2S
OK

=
0.8 S
=
0.8 S
=
0.8 S

2657.8125
OK
295.3125
OK
2953.125
OK

Comments
Some of values in ASME example have been rounded like parameters.
Consequently, results are slightly different.

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

59

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

UHX-20.1.4 Tubesheet gasketed with Shell and Integral with Channel extended as a flange
Tubesheet, Loading conditions 1 [corroded normal condition].
Tubesheet

ASME VIII DIV.1


2010 -2011a
[UHX-12]

Tubeside

Pt=650 psi
Ps=650 psi
ct=0.125 in
cs=0 in
SA516GR70
400 F
(T =/)
S = 20 000 psi
Sa = 20 000 psi
Sy = 32 500 psi
E = 27 700.1 ksi
= 0.3
A = 37.25 in
3.625 in
0 in

Pressure
Corrosion
Material
Temperature
Allowable Stress
Yield Strength
modulus of elasticity
Poissons ratio
Diameter
Nominal thicknesses
Tolerance

Nt=496

pattern Square
Gs
hp

tfl
C

Tubes

Shellside

h
Dc

Channel

SA179
400 F
(Tt,m=/)
St = 13 400 psi
Sy,t = 22 200 psi
Et = 27 700.1 ksi
t = 0.3
dt=0.75 in
tt=0.085 in

0 in
SA516GR70
400 F
(Ts,m=/)
Ss = 20 000 psi
Sy,s = 32 500 psi
Es = 27 700.1 ksi
s = 0.3
31 in
0.625 in

0 in
SA516GR70
400 F
(Tc=/)
Sc = 20 000 psi
Sy,c = 32 500 psi
Ec = 27 700.1 ksi
c = 0.3
31 in
0.625 in

L=/

OTL=26,25 in

p=1 in

Configuration e
ts = 0.625 in
Ds = 31 in
C = 35 in
Dc = 31 in
Gs = 32.375 in
hg = 0 in
Recessed face = 0.188 in
Extra thickness (periphery) : Tubeside = 0 in

Tubesheet characteristics
Diameter of perforated region
Tube expansion depth ratio
Effective Tube Pitch
p
p* =
= 1,035 in
4 MIN[AL , (4 DO p )]
1
DO2
Effective elastic constants

Shell

tc = 0.625 in
h = 3.5 in
hp = 3.313 in
tfl = 2.935 in
Shellside = 0.188 in

D0 = 2r0+dt = 26.25 in
r0 = 12.75 in
lt,x = 3.5 in
= lt,x /h = 1
basic ligament efficiency : = (p- dt)/p = 0.25
effective ligament efficiency : * = (p*- d*)/ p* = 0.385
d* = max[(dt -2tt Et/E St /S ),(dt -2tt )]= 0.636 in
largest center-to-center distance between adjacent tube rows : UL = 1.375 in
Unperforated Area : AL = 36.094 in2
E* = 12 224 340 psi
(Fig. UHX-11.3 , Fig. UHX-11.4)
* = 0.318

Conditions of applicability
Minimum thickness : TEMA 9th Ed. RCB 7-131

UL 4p

Parameters
s = Gs/D0 = 1.233

MTS = D02/16 [(s-1)(s2+1)Ps-(c-1)(c2+1)Pt]

s = 4 12 1 s2

) (D

c = Dc/D0 = 1.181
+ ts ) ts = /

c = 4 12 1 c2

ks = s Es ts / 6(1-s ) = 0 lbf
s = 6Ds ks [1+hs+(h2s2/2)] / h3 = 0 psi
s = [Ds2 / (4Es ts)] (1-s /2) = 0 in3/lbf
s = s ks s s (1+h s) = 0 in2
Ws = 0.6560106 lbf
Wm1s = 0.6404106 lbf
Wmax = max[Ws , Wc ]
hg = max[(hg-ct),(0)] = 0 in
K = A/D0 = 1.419
3

) (D

+ tc ) tc = 0.409 in-1

kc = c Ec tc / 6(1- c2) = 506 440.2 lbf


2 2
3
c = 6Dc kc [1+h c+(h c /2)] / h = 7 591 004 psi
2
-6
3
c = [Dc / (4Ec tc)] (1- c /2) = 11.7956410 in /lbf
2
c = c kc c c (1+h c) = 7.012692 in

Wc = 0.0000 lbf
Wm1c = 0.0000 lbf
W m1max = max[W m1s , W m1c ]
F =(1-*)/E* (s+c+E ln K)= 0.964

bending moments

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

60

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1


M *=MTS+cPt-sPs+((C-Gs)/2D0)W*
M = max(|Mp|;|M0|)
Case
W*
Ps (psi) Pt (psi)
1
0
0
650
2
Wm1s
650
0
Wm1s
3
650
650

MTS (lb.in/in)
-12 129.92
16 467.23
4 337.309

Bending stress in the Tubesheet :


= 6 M / [*(h-hg)2]
Shear stress in the Tubesheet :
= 1/(4) (D0/hp) |Ps-Pt|
= 1/(4) ({4Ap/Cp}/hp) |Ps-Pt| si |Ps-Pt| > 3.2S hp /D0
in which : Cp = 94.75 in and Ap = 457 in2
Case
Sb (psi)
(psi)
1
25 669
40 000
2
38 016
40 000
3
12 346
40 000

Mp = (M *- D02/32 F (Ps-Pt))/(1+F)
M0 = Mp + D02/64 (3+*) (Ps-Pt)
*
M (lb.in/in)
Mp (lb.in/in)
M0 (lb.in/in)
-7 571.668
3 017.57
-20 202.12
26 660.3
6 699.226
29 918.92
19 088.63
9 716.796
9 716.796

M (lb.in/in)
20 202.12
29 918.92
9 716.796

|| shall be Sb = 2S
|| shall be S = 0.8S

(psi)

S (psi)
16 000
16 000
16 000

5 151
5 151
0

Axial tube stress


a0 = D0 /2
xs = 1-Nt (dt /2a0)2
Tube-to-Tubesheet joint
Smin = min( S ; St )

Welded tubes :

St,j = min[ ( Smin g / tt ) ; St ] (weld height : g = 0 in)

St,j = 10 720 psi


|t,o| shall be St,j

Expanded joint
(0 groove(s) )

no groove : St,j = 0.5 Smin min[ ( lt,x / dt ) ; 1.6 ]


one groove : St,j = 0.6 Smin
grooves > 1 : St,j = 0.8 Smin

t,o = [Pt (1xt ) Ps (1xs )] / (xt xs )

xt = 1-Nt ((dt-2tt)/2a0)2

Channel stresses calculation

h
6
1 * D
k P + 6 * 30 1 + c
2 c c c c
2
tc
E
h

D2

M p + 0 (Ps Pt )
32

Membrane
Stress

c,m= Dc2 4t c (Dc + t c ) Pt

Total axial
stress

c shall be Smb,c = 1.5Sc


c = | c,m | + | c,b | otherwise perform the elastic-plastic calculation procedure if c SPS,c = 2 Sy,c =

bending
stress

65 000 psi
Case
c,b (psi)
c,m (psi)
1
54 418
7 901
2
-56 611
0
3
-2 192
7 901
The channel shall have a uniform thickness adjacent to the
Tubesheet for a minimum length of lc.

c,b=

c (psi)

perform a simplified elastic-plastic calculation :.


Configuration a-b-c :
If Smb,s < s SPS,s
Es replace by
Configuration a-e-f :

Es*=

Smb,c (psi)
30 000
30 000
30 000

62 319
56 611
10 093
lc= 1.8 Dctc = 7.923 in
SPS,s = /

Smb,s = 1.5Ss

E s S mb,s s ; recalculation of ks , s

when Smb,c < c SPS,c

SPS,c = 2 Sy,c = 65 000 psi

Smb,c = 1.5Sc

Ec replace by Ec = Ec S mb,c c ; recalculation of kc , c


*

recalculation of , when Sb = 2S the thickness is acceptable (h)


Case
Es* (psi)
Ec* (psi)
ks (lbf)
1
/
19 218 970
/
2
/
20 164 720
/
Case
F
Mp (lb.in/in)
M0 (lb.in/in)
1
0.835
2 241.579
-20 978.12
2
0.849
7 988.715
31 208.41

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

kc (lbf)
351 380.7
368 671.8
M (lb.in/in)
20 978.12
31 208.41

61

s (psi)

c (psi)

/
/

5 266 826
5 526 000
Sb (psi)
40 000
40 000

(psi)
26 655
39 654

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

Tubesheet flanged extension :


tfl = 2.935 in
S = 20 000 psi
Sa = 20 000 psi
Wo = Wm1 = 640 449 lbf
Wa = 655 968 lbf
1.9 W h
1.9 Wo hG
a G
= 1.589 in
Minimum required thickness : hr = max
;
Sa G
SG

G = 32.375 in
hG = 1.313 in

Comments
Some of values in ASME example have been rounded like parameters.
Consequently, results are slightly different.

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

62

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

UHX-20.2.1 Tubesheet integral with Shell and gasketed with Channel extended as a flange
Tubesheet, Loading conditions 1 [corroded normal condition] (With expansion joint).
Tubesheet

ASME VIII DIV.1


2010 - 2011a[UHX13]
Pressure (psi)

Tubeside

Corrosion
Material
Temperature
Metal temperature
Allowable Stress
Yield Strength
modulus of elasticity
Nominal thicknesses
Diameter
Tolerance
Poissons ratio

Shell
Tubes

Shellside

Pt =400
Ps =150
ct=0 in
cs=0 in
SA516GR70
700 F
T =550 F
S = 18 100 psi
Sy = 27 200 psi
E = 25 500 ksi
3.063 in
A = 40.5 in
0 in
= 0.3

far tubesheet

Tubeside

near tubesheet

0 in
0 in
SA214
SA516GR70
SA516GR70
700 F
700 F
Tt.m =510 F
Ts.m =550 F
St = 10 500 psi / 0.85 Ss = 18 100 psi
Ss.1 = 18 100 psi
Sy.t = 18 600 psi
Sy.s = 27 200 psi
Sy.s.1 = 27 200 psi
Et =25 500 ksi
Es =25 500 ksi
Es.1 =25 500 ksi
0.188 in
0.188 in
tt =0.083 in
34.75 in
34.75 in
dt =1 in

0 in
SA516GR60
700 F
Tc=550 F
Sc = 15 300 psi
Sy,c = 22 900 psi
Ec =25 500 ksi
0,25 in
38 in

t = 0.3

c = 0.3

s = 0.3

Length :

L = 161.875 in

l1 = 0 in

l1 = 0 in

pattern Rotated Triangular

Nt=649

OTL=34.25 in

p=1.25 in

Gc
hp

tfl
C

h
Ds

Configuration b
ts = 0,188 in
Ds = 34.75 in
C = 38.875 in
Dc = 38 in
Gc = 36,8125 in
hg = 0 in
Flange face = 0 in
Extra thickness (periphery) : Tubeside = 0.188 in

tc = 0.25 in
h = 3.063 in
hp = 2.875 in
tfl = 2.56 in
Shellside = 0 in

Tubesheet characteristics

Diameter of perforated region


Tube expansion depth ratio
Effective Tube Pitch
p
p* =
= 1.25 in
4 MIN[AL , (4 DO p )]
1
DO2
Effective elastic constants

D0 = 2r0+dt = 34.25 in
r0 = 16.625 in
lt,x = 2.909 in
= lt,x /h = 0.95
basic ligament efficiency : = (p- dt)/p = 0.2
*
effective ligament efficiency : = (p*- d*)/ p* = 0.286
*
d = max[(dt -2tt Et/E St /S ),(dt -2tt )]= 0.892 in
largest center-to-center distance between adjacent tube rows : UL = 0 in
Unperforated Area : AL = 0 in2
(Fig. UHX-11.3 , Fig. UHX-11.4)
E* = 6 706 388 psi
* = 0.364

Minimum thickness : CODAP C7.1.4.2

UL 4p

hg = max[(hg-ct).(0)]
as = Ds/2 = 17.375 in
s = as /a0 = 1.015
xs = 1-Nt (dt /2a0)2 = 0.447

a0 = D0 /2 = 17.125 in
ac = Gc/2 = 18.406 in
c = ac /a0 = 1.075
xt = 1-Nt ((dt-2tt)/2a0)2 = 0.615

Shell axial stiffness, tube axial stiffness and axial rigidity of expansion joint :
KJ = 11 388 lbf/in
Ks = (Ds +ts ) /[(L-l1-l1)/(Es ts )+ (l1+l1)/ (Es,1 ts,1 )]= 3 241 922 lbf/in
DJ = 385 in
Kt = tt (dt -tt )Et /L = 37 666.64 lbf/in
Shell-tubes stiffness factor
Ratio of expansion joint to shell axial rigidity
Ks,t = Ks /(Nt .Kt )= 0.133
J = 1/(1+Ks /KJ ) = 0.004
Shell coefficients
Channel coefficients
s = [12(1-s2)]1/4 / [(Ds+ts,1)ts,1]1/2 = 0.7102 in-1
c = [12(1-c2)] 1/4 / [(Dc+tc)tc] 1/2 = 0 in-1
3
2
ks = s Es,1 ts,1 / [6(1-s )] = 21 865.51 lbf
kc = c Ec tc3 / [6(1-c2)] = 0 lbf
3
2 2
s = 6Ds ks /h (1+hs+h s /2) = 879 436 psi
c = 6Dc kc /h3 (1+hc+h2c2/2) = 0 psi
2
-6
s = Ds /4Es,1 ts,1 (1-s /2) = 53.6695510 in/lbf
c = Dc2 /4Ec tc (1-c /2) = 0 in/lbf
Xa = [24(1- *2)Nt Et tt (dt-tt)a02/(E*Lh3)]1/4 = 3.963
Table UHX-13.1

Zd = 0.0246

Zv = 0.0643

Zm = 0.3715
*

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

Zw = 0.0643

F = (1- )/E (s+c+ElnK) = 0.489


Q1 = (s-1- Zv) / (1+ Zm) = -0.023

K = A/D0 = 1.182
= (1+*)F = 0.667
procal V33.1.0.11

63

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1


QZ1 = (Zd + Q1 Zw ) Xa4 / 2 = 2.856
U = [Zw+(s-1)Zm] Xa4 / (1+ Zm) = 13.776

QZ2 = (Zv + Q1 Zm ) Xa4 / 2 = 6.888

s,m(Ts,m -Ta) = 0.003504 in/in


s,m,1(Ts,m -Ta) = 0.003504 in/in
t,m(Tt,m -Ta) = 0.003212 in/in
= t,m(Tt,m -Ta) L-[s,m(Ts,m -Ta)(L- l1-l1)+ s,m,1(Ts,m -Ta)(l1+l1)]
s = s ks s s (1+hs) = 2.6851 in
c = c kc c c (1+hc) = 0 in
s* = a02 (s2-1)(s-1)/4 - s = -2.6536 in
c*=a02[(c2+1)(c-1)/4-(s-1)/2]-c= 9.6816 in
b = (Gc-C)/D0 = -0.0602
Ps = [xs + 2(1- xs)t + 2/Ks,t(Ds /D0)2s (s2-1)/(JKs,t) (1-J) /(2JKs,t) [DJ2-(Ds)2] /D02) ] Ps
Pt = [xt + 2(1- xt)t + 1/(JKs,t) ] Pt
P = NtKt /( a02)
2
*
*
Prim = U /a0 (s Ps-c Pt)
PW = UbW * / (2 a02)
6
W = 0.512910 lbf
Wm1 = 0.5125106 lbf
The effect of radial differential thermal expansion adjacent to the Tubesheet is considered (loading case 4,5,6 et 7).

Ts* = Ts = 550 F
s (Ts*-Ta) = 0.003504 in/in
Ps* = Es,1 ts,1 /as[s (Ts*-Ta)- (Tr-Ta)]
P = U / a02 (sPs*-cPc*)
Equivalent Pressure :
Case
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Wm1
0
Wm1
W
W
W
W

Ps (psi)

Pt (psi)

0
150
150
0
0
150
150

400
0
400
0
400
0
400

Tc* = Tc = 550 F
Tr = T = 550 F

*
c (Tc -Ta) = 0.003504 in/in
(Tr-Ta) = 0.003504 in/in
*

Pc = Ectc/ac[c (Tc*-Ta)- (Tr-Ta)]

Pe = JKs,t (PsPt+P+P+PW+Prim) / (1+ JKs,t [QZ1+(s-1)QZ2])


Prim
Ps* (psi) Pc* (psi) P (psi)
(in) Ps (psi) Pt (psi) PW (psi) P (psi)
(psi)

0.000
0.000
0.000
-0.047
-0.047
-0.047
-0.047

0
-46 387
-46 387
0
0
-46 387
-46 387

862 001
0
862 001
0
862 001
0
862 001

231
0
231
231
231
231
231

0
0
0
-1 254
-1 254
-1 254
-1 254

182
19
201
0
182
19
201

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Pe (psi)
-399
-21
-421
0
-400
-22
-421

Q3 = Q1 + 2Q2/(Pe a02)
Q2 = [(s*Ps-c*Pt ) - (sPs*-cPt*) + (bW */(2)) ] / (1+ Zm)
Bending stress in the Tubesheet :
If Pe 0 :
= (1.5Fm / *) (2a0 /(h-hg ))2 Pe
|| shall be allowable
If Pe = 0 :
= (6 / *) (Q2 /(h-hg ))2
Shear stress in the Tubesheet :
= (1/(2)) (a0/hp) Pe
|| shall be allowable
= (1/(4)) ({4Ap/Cp}/hp) Pe If |Pe| > 3.2S hp /D0
with : Cp = 112.5 in , Ap = 815.958 in2
Case hg (in)
Q2 (lbf)
Q3
Fm
allowable (psi)
allowable (psi)
(psi)
(psi)
1.5 S = 27 150
0.0976
0.0975
-25 544
1
0.000
-7 040.685
-5 948
0.8 S = 14 480
-1 270
0.000
-319.030
0.0786
0.0901
-320
2
1.5 S = 27 150
0.8 S = 14 480
0.0966
0.0971
-26 812
3
0.000
-7 359.715
1.5 S = 27 150
-6 268
0.8 S = 14 480
-3 940.284
56.6267
28.4182
-8 840
4
0.000
3 S = 54 300
-7
0.8 S = 14 480
0.0975
-25 570
5
0.000
-7 044.244
0.0975
3 S = 54 300
-5 957
0.8 S = 14 480
6
0.000
-4 259.314
1.2995
0.6705
-9 660
3 S = 54 300
-327
0.8 S = 14 480
-26 837
7
0.000
-7 363.274
0.0965
0.0971
3 S = 54 300
-6 277
0.8 S = 14 480

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

64

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

Fq = [(Zd+Q3Zw) Xa4 ] / 2
rt = [dt2+(dt-2tt)2]1/2 / 4 = 0.326 in
l = 59 in
Fs = min{2.0 ; max[(3.25-0.5Fq);1.25]}
lt = k l = 59 in
k=1
Maximum permissible buckling stress limit for the tubes :
Ct Ft : Stb = min{ [ 2 Et / (Fs Ft2)] ; St }
Ct = (2 2 Et / Sy,t)1/2 = 164.5
Ct > Ft : Stb = min{ [Sy,t / Fs (1-Ft / (2Ct))] ; St }
Ft = lt / rt = 181.2
Axial tube stress in the outermost tube row :
Si Pe 0 : t,1 = [(Ps xs Pt xt ) Pe Ft,min ] / (xt xs)
Ft,min et Ft,max
t,2 = [(Ps xs Pt xt ) Pe Ft,max ] / (xt xs)
suivant
2
Si Pe = 0 : t,1 = [(Ps xs Pt xt ) (2Q2 /a0 ) Ft,min ] / (xt xs)
Table UHX-13.2
2
t,2 = [(Ps xs Pt xt ) (2Q2 /a0 ) Ft,max ] / (xt xs)
t,max = max( |t,1| ; |t,2| )
t,max shall be t,o allowable
Si t,1 ou t,2 < 0 : t,min = min( t,1 ; t,2 )
| t,min| shall be St,b
St,b (psi)
Case
Fq
Fs
Ft,min
Ft,max
t,1 (psi)
t,2 (psi)
t,o allowable (psi)
1
3.81
1.35
-1.0817
3.8083
-4 026
7 570
St = 12 353
5 693
2
3.66
1.42
-1.0116
3.6577
269
865
St = 12 353
5 391
3.80
1.35
-1.0781
3.8006
-3 757
8 434
St = 12 353
5 677
3
4
451.80
1.25
-213.1982 451.7987
-600
1 272
2 St = 24 706
6 129
5
3.81
1.35
-1.0813
3.8074
-4 029
7 581
5 691
2 St = 24 706
6 129
6
13.33
1.25
-5.5205
13.3336
-322
2 137
2 St = 24 706
-1.0777
3.7997
-3 760
8 445
5 675
7
3.80
1.35
2 St = 24 706
Tube-to-tubesheet joint
Smin = min( S ; St )
St,j = 9 882 psi
|t,o| shall be St,j

Welded tubes :
Expanded joint
(0 groove(s) )

St,j = min[ ( Smin g / tt ) ; St ] (weld height : g = 0 in)


no groove : St,j = 0.5 Smin min[ ( lt,x / dt ) ; 1.6 ]
one groove : St,j = 0.6 Smin
with grooves > 1 : St,j = 0.8 Smin

Axial membrane stress in shell.


s,m = ( a02 [Pe+(s21)(PsPt)] + as2Pt ) / [ts (Ds+ ts)]
| s,m| shall be s allowable
if s,m < 0 : | s,m| shall be Ss,b Ss,b in accordance with [UG-23(b)]
Case
ts (in)
Es,w
s,m (psi)
26
1
0.188
0.85
0.188
0.85
-765
2
-739
3
0.188
0.85
0.85
-21
4
0.188
5
0.188
0.85
0
-786
6
0.188
0.85
0.85
-765
7
0.188

s allowable (psi)

SsEs.w = 15 385
SsEs.w = 15 385
SsEs.w = 15 385
3 Ss.1 = 54 300
3 Ss.1 = 54 300
3 Ss.1 = 54 300
3 Ss.1 = 54 300

s,b = 6ks /ts,12{s[sPs+as2Ps*/s,1 ts,1]+6(1-*2)/E*(a03/h3)(1+hs/2)[Pe(Zv+ZmQ1)+2ZmQ2/a02]}


s,m = ( a02 [Pe+(s21)(PsPt)] + as2Pt ) / [ts,1 (Ds+ ts,1)]
Stress in the shell integral with the Tubesheet : s = |s,m | + |s,b |
s shall be s allowable (otherwise, perform the elastic-plastic calculation procedure)
Case
s,b (psi)
s,m (psi)
s (psi)

Ss,b (psi)
8 770
8 770
8 770
8 770
8 770
8 770
8 770

s allowable (psi)

-42 440
26
42 466
1,5 Ss,1 = 27 150
1
2
19 214
-765
19 978
1,5 Ss,1 = 27 150
-23 227
-739
23 966
3
1,5 Ss,1 = 27 150
4
-10 581
-21
10 602
3 Ss,1 = 54 300
5
-42 484
0
42 484
3 Ss,1 = 54 300
8 633
-786
9 419
6
3 Ss,1 = 54 300
7
-23 271
-765
24 035
3 Ss,1 = 54 300
The shell shall have a uniform thickness adjacent to the Tubesheet for a minimum l = 1.8 D t = 4.595 in
s
s s,1
length of ls.
Calculation Procedure for Effect of Plasticity at Tubesheet/Channel or Shell Joint (case 1,2, and 3)
SSP,s,1 = 3 Ss,1 = 54 300 psi
SSP,c = 3 Sc = 45 900 psi
Ss* = min[Sy,s,1,(SSP,s,1/2)] = 27 150 psi
Sc* = min[Sy,c,(SSP,c/2)] = 22 900 psi
AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

65

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1


facts = min[(1.4-0.4| s,b|/Ss*),1]
factc = min[(1.4-0.4| s,c|/Sc*),1]
*
Es = Es,1 (facts)
Ec* = Ec (factc)
s shall be SSP,s,1
c shall be SSP,c
The design is acceptable if: facts = 1 and factc = 1 (Configuration a) or facts = 1 (Configurations b and c).
Otherwise calculation with reduced values of Es,1 and Ec : || shall be .allowable
Case
facts
factc
Es* (psi)
Ec* (psi)
ks (lbf)
kc (lbf)
s (psi)
1
0.775
/
19 755 950
/
16939.82
/
681 323
Case
F
Q1
QZ1
QZ2
U
Q3

1
0.470
0.641
-0.021
2.865
6.941
13.882
0.0985
Case
PW (psi)
Prim (psi)
Pe (psi)
Q2 (lbf)
allowable (psi)
(psi)
1
233
183
-399
-7 094.819
-25 641
1,5 S = 27 150

c (psi)
/
Fm
0.0979

Tubesheet flanged extension :

tfl = 2.56 in

S = 18 100 psi
Sa = 20 000 psi
Wo = Wm1 = 512 473 lbf
Wa = 512 937 lbf
1.9 W h
1.9 Wo hG
a G
= 1.228 in
Minimum required thickness : hr = max
;
Sa G
SG

G = 36.813 in
hG = 1.031 in

Error(s) and/or warning(s)


The thickness is acceptable
The stresses in the shell and/or channel integral with tubesheet are acceptable

Configuration
cylinder
factors

UHX-13.1

AutoPIPE Vessel checking


b
0.3

UHX-13.3
shell

tubesheet

tube

UHX-13.5

Ps =
Ds =
ts =
Gs =
Ss =
Sy,s =
Es =
Sps =
h=
d=
Do =
A=
C=
hg =
ct =
cs =
S=
E=
hp =
Nt =
dt =
tt =
stT =
Sy,t =
EtT =
lt =
=

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

150
34.75
0.1875
0
18100
27200
25500000
54300
3.0625
34.25
40.5
38.875
0
0
0
18100
25500000
0.1875
649
1
0.083
12352.94118
18600
25500000
59
0.2

psi
in
in
in
psi
psi
psi
psi
in
in
in
in
in
in
in
in
psi
psi
in

channel

tubes pitch :
in
in
psi
psi
psi
in

procal V33.1.0.11

Pt =
Dc =
tc =
Gc =
Sc =
Sy,c =
Ec =
Spc =
G1 =
Dj =
expansion
h'g =
t,m =
Tt,m =
s,m =
Ts,m =
Ta =
Ap =
Cp =
(60)
p=
welded
Kj =
UL1 =
Lt =
L=

400
38
0.0825
36.8125
15300
22900
25500000
45900

psi
in
in
in
psi
psi
psi
psi
in
38.5 in
95 %
0 in
0.0000073
510 F
0.0000073
550 F
70 F
815.958 in2
112.5 in
1.25 in
No
11388
in
168 in
161.875 in

d* = 0.892372441 in
66

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

UHX-11.5

Fig. UHX-11.3
(pitch 60)

case 1
case 3
case 5
case 7
Step 1
ao =
as =
ac =
s =
c =
xs =
xt =
Step 2
Ks =
Kt =
Ks,t =
J=
s =
ks =
s =
s =
c =
kc =
c =
c =
Step 3

LL1 =
AL =
ltx =
p* =

34.25
0
290.9375
1.25

h/p =

2.45

E*/E =

0.262995887

* =

0.363965607

Ps =
Pt =
Ps =
Pt =
Ps =
Pt =
Ps =
Pt =

0
400
150
400
0
400
150
400

= 0.286102047
0.95
=
ro =
16.625 in

in
in2
in
in

0 =
1 =
2 =
3 =
4 =

0 =
1 =
2 =
3 =
4 =
psi
psi
psi
psi
psi
psi
psi
psi

case 2
case 4
case 6

Step 4
17.125
17.375
18.40625
1.01459854
1.074817518
0.446747296
0.615181762

2
-0.0029
0.2126
3.9906
-6.173
3.4307

2
-0.0029
0.2126
3.9906
-6.173
3.4307

2
0.9966
-4.1978
9.0478
-7.9955
2.2398
Ps =
Pt =
Ps =
Pt =
Ps =
Pt =

K=
F=
=
Q1 =
Qz1 =
Qz2 =
U=

0.9966
-4.1978
9.0478
-7.9955
2.2398
psi
psi
psi
psi
psi
psi

1.182481752
0.488770192
0.666665731
-0.022635292
2.855594459
6.887968085
13.77593617

Step 5
3241928.027
37666.71098
0.132617541
0.003500428
0.710246514
21865.55297
879437.2064
5.36694E-05
0
0
0
0
Xa =

0.9966
-4.1978
9.0478
-7.9955
2.2398
150
0
0
0
150
0

2.45
-0.0029
0.2126
3.9906
-6.173
3.4307

case 1
case 2
case 3
case 4
case 5
case 6
case 7

0
0
0
-0.0472675
-0.0472675
-0.0472675
-0.0472675

in
in
in
in
in
in
in

3.962989113
(AutoPIPE
Vessel)
FIG. UHX-13.2

Zd =
Zv =
Zw =
AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

0.025
0.065
0.065
procal V33.1.0.11

TABLE UHX-13.1

0.024609
0.064259
0.064259
67

s =
s=
c=
c=

2.685050221
-2.653572119
0
9.681584045

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1


Zm =

0.37

0
-46387.08793
-46387.08793
0
0
-46387.08793
-46387.08793

P't
862002.1601
0
862002.1601
0
862002.1601
0
862002.1601

b =

-0.060218978

W*
5.1247E+05
0.0000E+00
5.1247E+05
5.1290E+05
5.1290E+05
5.1290E+05
5.1290E+05

Pw
230.719586
0
230.719586
230.911825
230.911825
230.911825
230.911825

0.371463

Steps 6 - 7 - 8
P's
case 1
case 2
case 3
case 4
case 5
case 6
case 7

Pe

P
0
0
0
-1254.163035
-1254.163035
-1254.163035
-1254.163035

Q2

Q3

(AutoPIPE
Vessel)

Fm
(FIG. UHX-13.3.1
/ 2)

case 1
case 2
case 3
case 4
case 5
case 6
case 7

case 1
case 2
case 3
case 4
case 5
case 6
case 7
Step 9

-399.4174331
-21.49555321
-420.9129863
-0.474360887
-399.9987514
-21.96991409
-421.4943046

-7046.192369
-319.2801565
-7365.472525
-3943.083603
-7049.475068
-4262.363759
-7368.755225

-25544.51072
-1279.16866
-26812.02863
-8839.848901
-25569.71461
-9659.772744
-26837.26463

-5947.846558
-320.0968249
-6267.943383
-7.063852336
-5956.503146
-327.1606773
-6276.599971

rt =

0.1
0.09
0.1
/
0.1
/
0.1

allowable
OK : (1.5 Ss)
OK : (1.5 Ss)
OK : (1.5 Ss)
OK : (Sps)
OK : (Sps)
OK : (Sps)
OK : (Sps)

allowable
OK : (0.8 Ss)
OK : (0.8 Ss)
OK : (0.8 Ss)
OK : (0.8 Ss)
OK : (0.8 Ss)
OK : (0.8 Ss)
OK : (0.8 Ss)

t,1

t,2

TABLE UHX-13.1

0.09752845
0.0907486
0.09714
28.41821
0.0974828
0.6705008
0.09709733

Ftmin
(AutoPIPE
Vessel)
-1.081718
-1.011577
-1.078136
-213.1982
-1.081297
-5.520454
-1.077741

case 1
case 2
case 3
case 4
case 5
case 6
case 7

0.097673209
0.078660671
0.09670226
56.66599298
0.097554333
1.300459583
0.096590785

Prim
181.9141044
18.69743861
200.6115431
0
181.9141044
18.69743861
200.6115431

0.325533792 in
Wt

Ftmax
(AutoPIPE
Vessel)
3.808283
3.657727
3.800594
451.7987
3.807379
13.33355
3.799747
Ft =

case 1
case 2
case 3
case 4
case 5
case 6
case 7
Steps 10 to 12
AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

t,max

-4026.074634
268.7554882
-3757.319201
-600.4286979
-4028.808178
-322.2131845
-3760.051717

7569.839738
864.6505852
8434.489638
1272.397727
7580.836453
2137.02724
8445.487086

7569.839738
864.6505852
8434.489638
1272.397727
7580.836453
2137.02724
8445.487086

181.2407848
Fs
1.345484493
1.420821018
1.349331844
1.25
1.345955535
1.25
1.349773558

Stb
5694.418233
5392.481764
5678.181731
6129.401142
5692.425363
6129.401142
5676.323542

Ct =
abs(t,min)
4026.074634
268.7554882
3757.319201
600.4286979
4028.808178
322.2131845
3760.051717

68

t,max
allowable
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
164.5047675
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1


s,m
case 1
case 2
case 3
case 4
case 5
case 6
case 7

s,b

26.08037779
-764.8182186
-738.7378408
-21.23620628
0.055895981
-786.0544249
-764.7623226
ls =

-42455.00525
19212.84469
-23242.16056
-10588.37904
-42498.12134
8624.465651
-23285.27665

42481.08563
19977.66291
23980.8984
10609.61525
42498.17723
9410.520076
24050.03897

allowable
FALSE
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK

elastic-plastic
Yes
No
No
/
/
/
/

4.594630018 in

c,m

c,b

allowable

case 1
case 2
case 3
case 4
case 5
case 6
case 7

Elastic-plastic calculation

case 1
case 2
case 3

case 1
case 2
case 3

case 1
case 2
case 3

case 1
case 2
case 3

Ss* =
facts
0.774511893
0
0

27150
factc

s
681134.5756

Qz2

0
0
0

6.948494443

13.8819591

c
9.681584045

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

Sc* =
Es*
19750053.27

22900
Ec*

0.469963174 0.641013605

Fm
Pw
(AutoPIPE
Vessel)
0.0979 232.4952597

Prim
183.3141593

69

Pe
-399.413858

ks
16935.13082

Q1
-0.021314095

2.07960333

kc

Qz1
2.866064851

-2.048125228

Q2

-7100.248932 25641.59708

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

UHX-20.2.3 Fixed Tubesheet Exchanger , Configuration a


Tubesheet, Loading conditions 1 [corroded normal condition] (Without expansion joint).
ASME VIII DIV.1
2010 2011a [UHX13]
Pressure (psi)

Corrosion
Material
Temperature
Metal temperature
Allowable Stress
Yield Strength
modulus of elasticity
Nominal thicknesses
Diameter
Tolerance
Poissons ratio

Tubesheet
Tubeside

Shell
Tubes

Shellside

Pt =200
Ps =325
ct=0 in
cs=0 in
SA240GR304L
400 F
T =151 F
S = 15 800 psi
Sy = 17 500 psi
E = 26 400,1 ksi
1.375 in
A = 43.125 in
0 in
= 0.3

far tubesheet

Tubeside

near tubesheet

0 in
0 in
SA249TP304L
SA240GR304L
SA240GR304L
400 F
400 F
Tt,m =113 F
Ts,m =151 F
St = 13 400 psi / 0,85 Ss = 15 800 psi
Ss,1 = 15 800 psi
Sy,t = 17 500 psi
Sy,s = 17 500 psi
Sy,s,1 = 17 500 psi
Et =26 400,1 ksi
Es =26 400,1 ksi
Es,1 =26 400,1 ksi
0.563 in
0.563 in
tt =0.049 in
42 in
42 in
dt =1 in

0 in
SA516GR70
300 F
Tc=151 F
Sc = 20 000 psi
Sy,c = 33 600 psi
Ec =28 300,1 ksi
0.375 in
42.125 in

t = 0.3

c = 0.3

s = 0.3

Length :

L = 237.25 in

l1 = 0 in

l1 = 0 in

pattern Rotated Triangular

Nt=955

OTL=41.25 in

p=1.25 in

Dc

tc
hp
ts

h
Ds

Configuration a
Ds = 42 in
ts = 0.563 in
Dc = 42.125 in
tc = 0.375 in
hg = 0 in
Extra thickness (periphery) : Tubeside : 0 in

Tubesheet characteristics
Diameter of perforated region
Tube expansion depth ratio
Effective Tube Pitch
p
p* =
= 1.25 in
4 MIN[AL , (4 DO p )]
1
DO2
Effective elastic constants

h = 1.375 in
hp = 1.375 in
Shellside : 0 in

D0 = 2r0+dt = 41.25 in
r0 = 20.125 in
lt,x = 1.25 in
= lt,x /h = 0.909
basic ligament efficiency : = (p- dt)/p = 0.2
*
*
effective ligament efficiency : = (p*- d*)/ p = 0.271
*
d = max[(dt -2tt Et/E St /S ),(dt -2tt )]= 0.911 in
largest center-to-center distance between adjacent tube rows : UL = 0 in
Unperforated Area : AL = 0 in
(Fig. UHX-11.3 , Fig. UHX-11.4)
E* = 7 259 587 psi
* = 0.34
UL 4p

Minimum thickness : CODAP C7.1.4.2

h g = max[(hg-ct),(0)]
as = Ds/2 = 21 in
s = as /a0 = 1.018
xs = 1-Nt (dt /2a0)2 = 0.439

a0 = D0 /2 = 20.625 in
ac = Dc/2 = 21.063 in
c = ac /a0 = 1.021
xt = 1-Nt ((dt-2tt)/2a0)2 = 0.543

Shell axial stiffness, tube axial stiffness and axial rigidity of expansion bellows :
Ks = (Ds +ts ) /[(L-l1-l1)/(Es ts )+ (l1+l1)/ (Es,1 ts,1 )]= 8 369 473 lbf/in KJ = 0 lbf/in
DJ = /
Kt = tt (dt -tt )Et /L = 16 290.14 lbf/in
Shell-tubes stiffness factor
Ratio of expansion bellows to shell axial rigidity
Ks,t = Ks /(Nt .Kt )= 0.538
J = 1/(1+Ks /KJ ) = 1
Shell coefficients
Channel coefficients
s = [12(1-s2)]1/4 / [(Ds+ts,1)ts,1]1/2 = 0.3715 in-1
c = [12(1-c2)] 1/4 / [(Dc+tc)tc] 1/2 = 0.4554 in-1
3
2
ks = s Es,1 ts,1 / [6(1-s )] = 319 713.1 lbf
kc = c Ec tc3 / [6(1-c2)] = 124 461.1 lbf
3
2 2
s = 6Ds ks /h (1+hs+h s /2) = 50 868 080 psi
c = 6Dc kc /h3 (1+hc+h2c2/2) = 22 049 150 psi
2
-6
s = Ds /4Es,1 ts,1 (1-s /2) = 25,2423710 in/lbf
c = Dc2 /4Ec tc (1-c /2) = 35,5320510-6 in/lbf
Xa = [24(1- *2)Nt Et tt (dt-tt)a02/(E*Lh3)]1/4 = 6.976
Table UHX-13.1

Zd = 0.0044

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

Zv = 0.0209

procal V33.1.0.11

Zm = 0.2079

70

Zw = 0.0209

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1


F = (1-*)/E* (s+c+ElnK) = 6.732
Q1 = (s-1- Zv) / (1+ Zm) = -0.059
QZ2 = (Zv + Q1 Zm ) Xa4 / 2 = 10.15

K = A/D0 = 1.045
= (1+*)F = 9.024
QZ1 = (Zd + Q1 Zw ) Xa4 / 2 = 3.754
U = [Zw+(s-1)Zm] Xa4 / (1+ Zm) = 20.301

s,m(Ts,m -Ta) = 0.000713 in/in


s,m,1(Ts,m -Ta) = 0.000713 in/in
t,m(Tt,m -Ta) = 0.000372 in/in
= t,m(Tt,m -Ta) L-[s,m(Ts,m -Ta)(L- l1-l1)+ s,m,1(Ts,m -Ta)(l1+l1)]
s = s ks s s (1+hs) = 4.6123 in
c = c kc c c (1+hc) = 3.344 in
s* = a02 (s2-1)(s-1)/4 - s = -4.5413 in
c*=a02[(c2+1)(c-1)/4-(s-1)/2]-c= -2.6027 in
b = 0
Ps = [xs + 2(1- xs)t + 2/Ks,t(Ds /D0)2s (s2-1)/(JKs,t) (1-J) /(2JKs,t) [DJ2-(Ds)2] /D02) ] Ps
Pt = [xt + 2(1- xt)t + 1/(JKs,t) ] Pt
P = NtKt /( a02)
2
*
*
Prim = U /a0 (s Ps-c Pt)
PW = UbW * / (2 a02)
Wm1 = 0.0000 lbf
W = 0.0000 lbf
The effect of radial differential thermal expansion adjacent to the Tubesheet is considered (loading case 4,5,6 et 7).

Ts* = Ts = 151 F
s (Ts*-Ta) = 0.000713 in/in
Ps* = Es,1 ts,1 /as[s (Ts*-Ta)- (Tr-Ta)]
P = U / a02 (sPs*-cPc*)
Equivalent Pressure :
Case

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Ps (psi)

Pt (psi)

0
325
325
0
0
325
325

200
0
200
0
200
0
200

Tc* = Tc = 151 F
Tr = T = 151 F

*
c (Tc -Ta) = 0.000535 in/in
(Tr-Ta) = 0.000713 in/in
*

Pc = Ectc/ac[c (Tc*-Ta)- (Tr-Ta)]

Pe = JKs,t (PsPt+P+P+PW+Prim) / (1+ JKs,t [QZ1+(s-1)QZ2])


Prim
Ps* (psi) Pc* (psi) P (psi)
(in) Ps (psi) Pt (psi) PW (psi) P (psi)
(psi)

0.000
0.000
0.000
-0.081
-0.081
-0.081
-0.081

0
606
606
0
0
606
606

535
0
535
0
535
0
535

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
-942
-942
-942
-942

-25
70
46
0
-25
70
46

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
-90
-90
-90
-90

0
0
0
14
14
14
14

Pe (psi)
-97
117
20
-160
-257
-43
-140

Q3 = Q1 + 2Q2/(Pe a02)
Q2 = [(s*Ps-c*Pt ) - (sPs*-cPt*) + (bW */(2)) ] / (1+ Zm)
Bending stress in the Tubesheet :
If Pe 0 :
= (1.5Fm / *) (2a0 /(h-hg ))2 Pe
|| shall be allowable
If Pe = 0 :
= (6 / *) (Q2 /(h-hg ))2
Shear stress in the Tubesheet :
= (1/(2)) (a0/hp) Pe
|| shall be allowable
= (1/(4)) ({4Ap/Cp}/hp) Pe If |Pe| > 3.2S hp /D0
with : Cp = 135 in , Ap = 1 217.848 in2
Case hg (in)
Q2 (lbf)
Q3
Fm
allowable (psi)
allowable (psi)
(psi)
(psi)
1
0.000
180.999
-0.0680
0.0340
-16 349
1.5 S = 23 700
-3 623
0.8 S = 12 640
2
0.000
-513.192
-0.0798
0.0399
23 184
1.5 S = 23 700
4 373
0.8 S = 12 640
3
0.000
-332.193
-0.1372
0.0686
6 836
1.5 S = 23 700
750
0.8 S = 12 640
4
0.000
-104.399
-0.0561
0.0280
-22 337
3 S = 47 400
-5 998
0.8 S = 12 640
5
0.000
76.600
-0.0606
0.0303
-38 685
3 S = 47 400
-9 621
0.8 S = 12 640
6
0.000
-617.591
0.0079
0.0374
-8 069
3 S = 47 400
-1 625
0.8 S = 12 640
7
0.000
-436.592
-0.0445
0.0222
-15 501
3 S = 47 400
-5 248
0.8 S = 12 640

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

71

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1


Fq = [(Zd+Q3Zw) Xa4 ] / 2
rt = [dt2+(dt-2tt)2]1/2 / 4 = 0.337 in
l = 48 in
Fs = min{2.0 ; max[(3.25-0.5Fq);1.25]}
lt = k l = 48 in
k=1
Maximum permissible buckling stress limit for the tubes :
Ct Ft : Stb = min{ [ 2 Et / (Fs Ft2)] ; St }
Ct = (2 2 Et / Sy,t)1/2 = 172.6
Ct > Ft : Stb = min{ [Sy,t / Fs (1-Ft / (2Ct))] ; St }
Ft = lt / rt = 142.6
Axial tube stress in the outermost tube row :
Si Pe 0 : t,1 = [(Ps xs Pt xt ) Pe Ft,min ] / (xt xs)
Ft,min et Ft,max
t,2 = [(Ps xs Pt xt ) Pe Ft,max ] / (xt xs)
suivant
2
Si Pe = 0 : t,1 = [(Ps xs Pt xt ) (2Q2 /a0 ) Ft,min ] / (xt xs)
Table UHX-13.2
2
t,2 = [(Ps xs Pt xt ) (2Q2 /a0 ) Ft,max ] / (xt xs)
t,max = max( |t,1| ; |t,2| )
t,max shall be t,o allowable
Si t,1 ou t,2 < 0 : t,min = min( t,1 ; t,2 )
| t,min| shall be St,b
Case
Fq
Fs
Ft,min
Ft,max
St,b (psi)
t,1 (psi)
t,2 (psi)
t,o allowable (psi)
1
3.54
1.48
-0.2703
3.5361
-1 288
2 227
St = 15 765
6 931
2
3.24
1.63
-0.2432
3.2425
1 634
-2 252
St = 15 765
6 306
1.82
2.00
-0.1926
2.1252
361
-82
St = 15 765
3
5 135
2 St = 31 529
4
3.83
1.34
-0.3031
3.8297
-463
5 855
7 693
5
3.72
1.39
-0.2900
3.7191
-1 750
8 082
2 St = 31 529
7 387
6
5.41
1.25
-0.5616
5.4102
1 130
3 604
8 217
2 St = 31 529
7
4.12
1.25
-0.3404
4.1164
-131
5 831
2 St = 31 529
8 217
[A-2] Allowable Loads for Tube-To-Tubesheet Joints (Joint Type = i )
a = 0 in
Sy,m = 22 700 psi
P0 = 0 psi
fr = 0.7
Sy,t,m = 24 400 psi
fe = 1
fy = min ( 1 ; Sym / Sy,t,m ) = 0.93
At = (dt-tt)tt
La = |t,o| At
La shall be Lmax = At Sa fe fr fy fT
Case
k
Sa (psi)
t,o (psi)
1
2 227
1
15 765
2
2 252
1
15 765
3
361
1
15 765
4
5 855
2
31 529
5
8 082
2
31 529
6
3 604
2
31 529
7
5 831
2
31 529
Axial membrane stress in shell.
s,m = ( a02 [Pe+(s21)(PsPt)] + as2Pt ) / [ts (Ds+ ts)]
| s,m| shall be s allowable
if s,m < 0 : | t,min| shall be Ss,b Ss,b in accordance with [UG-23(b)]
case
ts (in)
Es,w
s,m (psi)
1
0,562
0,85
1 837
2
0,562
0,85
2 284
3
0,562
0,85
4 121
4
0,562
0,85
-2 842
5
0,562
0,85
-1 005
6
0,562
0,85
-558
7
0,562
0,85
1 279

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

PT = 0 psi
Sa = k St
fT = ( P0 + PT ) / P0 = 1
La (lbf)
325.991
329.616
52.862
857.190
1 183.181
527.574
853.564

Lmax (lbf)
1 502.956
1 502.956
1 502.956
3 005.911
3 005.911
3 005.911
3 005.911

s allowable (psi)

s,b (psi)

SsEs,w = 13 430
SsEs,w = 13 430
SsEs,w = 13 430
2 Ss = 31 600
2 Ss = 31 600
2 Ss = 31 600
2 Ss = 31 600

72

6 773
6 773
6 773
6 773
6 773
6 773
6 773

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1


s,b = 6ks /ts,12{s[sPs+as2Ps*/s,1 ts,1]+6(1-*2)/E*(a03/h3)(1+hs/2)[Pe(Zv+ZmQ1)+2ZmQ2/a02]}
s,m = ( a02 [Pe+(s21)(PsPt)] + as2Pt ) / [ts,1 (Ds+ ts,1)]
Stress in the shell integral with the Tubesheet : s = |s,m | + |s,b |
s shall be s allowable (otherwise, perform the elastic-plastic calculation procedure)
Case
s,b (psi)
s,m (psi)
s (psi)
1
-12 223
1 837
14 060
2
27 825
2 284
30 109
15 603
4 121
19 724
3
4
-27 649
-2 842
30 491
5
-39 872
-1 005
40 877
6
176
-558
734
7
-12 047
1 279
13 326
The shell shall have a uniform thickness adjacent to the Tubesheet for a minimum
length of ls.

ls = 1.8 Ds ts,1 = 8.749 in

c,b = 6kc /tc2{c[cPt +ac2Pc*/c tc]6(1-*2)/E*(a03/h3)(1+hc /2)[Pe(Zv+ZmQ1)+2ZmQ2/a02]}


c,m = ac2Pt ) / [tc (Dc+ tc)]
Stress in the channel integral with the tubesheet : c = |c,m | + |c,b |
c shall be c allowable (otherwise, perform the elastic-plastic calculation procedure)
case
c,b (psi)
c,m (psi)
c (psi)
5 567
33 948
1
28 381
-8 563
0
8 563
2
3
19 818
5 567
25 385
0
16 254
4
16 254
44 635
5 567
50 202
5
7 691
6
7 691
0
36 072
5 567
41 640
7
The shell shall have a uniform thickness adjacent to the Tubesheet for a minimum
length of lc.

s allowable (psi)

1.5 Ss,1 = 23 700


1.5 Ss,1 = 23 700
1.5 Ss,1 = 23 700
3 Ss,1 = 47 400
3 Ss,1 = 47 400
3 Ss,1 = 47 400
3 Ss,1 = 47 400

c allowable (psi)

1,5 Sc = 30 000
1,5 Sc = 30 000
1,5 Sc = 30 000
3 S,c = 60 000
3 S,c = 60 000
3 S,c = 60 000
3 S,c = 60 000

lc = 1.8 Dc tc = 7.154 in

Calculation Procedure for Effect of Plasticity at Tubesheet/Channel or Shell Joint (case 1,2, and 3)
SSP,s,1 = 3 Ss,1 = 47 400 psi
SSP,c = 3 Sc = 60 000 psi
Ss* = min[Sy,s,1,(SSP,s,1/2)] = 17 500 psi
Sc* = min[Sy,c,(SSP,c/2)] = 30 000 psi
*
facts = min[(1.4-0.4| s,b|/Ss ),1]
factc = min[(1.4-0.4| s,c|/Sc*),1]
*
Es = Es,1 (facts)
Ec* = Ec (factc)
s shall be SSP,s,1
c shall be SSP,c
The design is acceptable if: facts = 1 And factc = 1 (Configuration a) or facts = 1 (Configurations b and c).
Otherwise calculation with reduced values of Es,1 and Ec : || shall be .allowable
Case
facts
factc
Es* (psi)
Ec* (psi)
ks (lbf)
kc (lbf)
s (psi)
1
1.000
1.000
26 400 060 28 300 050
319 713.2
124 461.1
50 868 080
2
0.764
1.000
20 169 460 28 300 050
244 258.7
124 461.1
38 862 860
Case
F
Q1
QZ1
QZ2
U
Q3

1
6.732
9.024
-0.059
3.754
10.150
20.301
-0.0680
2
5.641
7.561
-0.054
3.874
11.350
22.700
-0.0777
Case
PW (psi)
Prim (psi)
Pe (psi)
Q2 (lbf)
allowable (psi)
(psi)
1
0
-25
-97
180.999
-16 349
1.5 S = 23 700
2
0
79
115
-573.843
22 292
1.5 S = 23 700

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

73

c (psi)
22 049 150
22 049 150
Fm
0.0340
0.0389

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

UHX-13.1

Configuration
cylinder
factors

AutoPIPE Vessel checking


a
0.3

UHX-13.3
shell

tubesheet

tube

Ps =
Ds =
ts =
Gs =
Ss =
Sy,s =
Es =
Sps =
hnew =
h=
d=
Do =
A=
C=
hg =
ct =
cs =
S=
E=
hg =
Nt =
dt =
tt =
stT =
Sy,t =
EtT =
lt =

325
42
0.5625
0
15800
17500
26400000
47400
1.375
1.375
41.25
43.125
0
0
0
0
15800
26400000
0
955
1
0.049
15764.7058
8
17500
26400000
48

psi
in
in
in
psi
psi
psi
psi
in
in
in
in
in
in
in
in
in
psi
psi
in

Pt =
Dc =
tc =
Gc =
Sc =
Sy,c =
Ec =
Spc =

200
42.125
0.375
0
20000
33600
28300000
60000

G1 =
Dj =
expansion
h'g =
at,m =
Tt,m =
as,m =
Ts,m =
Ta =
Ap =
Cp =
tubes pitch :
p=
welded

38.5
90
0
0.000008652
113
0.000008802
151
70
1217.848
135
60
1.25
No

channel

in
in
psi
psi
psi
in

Kj =
UL1 =
Lt =
L=
ltx =

Effect of Radial Differential Thermal Expansion Adjacent to the tubesheet :


Yes
's = 0.000008802
'c = 0.000006602
' = 0.000008802
UHX-13.5
0.2
d* = 0.911108103
=
UHX-11.5
LL1 =
41.25
= 0.271113518
AL =
0
= 0.909090909
ltx =
1.25
ro =
20.125
p* =
1.25
Fig. UHX-11.3
0.5
h/p =
1.1
0 =
0.0054
1 =
0.5279
E*/E = 0.274983607
2 =
3.0461
3 =
-4.3657
4 =
1.9435

* =

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

0 =
1 =

0.340360504

procal V33.1.0.11

74

1
0.9923
-4.8759

psi
in
in
in
psi
psi
psi
psi
in
in
%
in
F
F
F
in2
in

in

0
in
240 in
237.25 in
1.25 in

2
-0.0029
0.2126
3.9906
-6.173
3.4307

1.1
0.00208
0.40178
3.4239
-5.08862
2.53838

2
0.9966
-4.1978

0.99273
-4.80809

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

case 1

Ps =
Pt =
Ps =
Pt =
Ps =
Pt =
Ps =
Pt =

case 3
case 5
case 7
Step 1
ao =
as =
ac =
s=
c=
xs =
xt =
Step 2
Ks =
Kt =
Ks,t =
J=
s =
ks =
s =
s =
c =
kc =
c =
c =
Step 3

0
200
325
200
0
200
325
200

2 =
3 =
4 =
case 2
case 4
case 6

Step 4
20.625
21
21.0625
1.018181818
1.021212121
0.438751148
0.543365689

12.3572
-13.7214
5.7629
Ps =
Pt =
Ps =
Pt =
Ps =
Pt =

12.02626
-13.14881
5.41059

K = 1.045454545
F = 6.732232476
= 9.023618515
Q1 = -0.059159042
Qz1 = 3.753824734
Qz2 = 10.15043261
U = 20.30086522

Step 5
8369456.077
16290.11595
0.537984406
1
0.371518831
319712.5586
50867972.91
2.52424E-05
0.45535023
124460.9629
22049113.04
3.55321E-05
Xa =

9.0478
-7.9955
2.2398
325
0
0
0
325
0

case 1
case 2
case 3
case 4
case 5
case 6
case 7

0
0
0
-0.08088469
-0.08088469
-0.08088469
-0.08088469

6.976242513
(AutoPIPE
Vessel)
FIG. UHX-13.2

TABLE UHX-13.1

s = 4.612272297
s= -4.54132059
c= 3.343988236
c= -2.60273882
b =
0

Zd =
Zv =
Zw =
Zm =

0.01
0.02
0.02
0.205
P't
535.2272424
0
535.2272424
0
535.2272424
0
535.2272424

0
0
0
-941.577569
-941.577569
-941.577569
-941.577569

W*
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00

Pw

0
605.634798
605.634798
0
0
605.634798
605.634798

P*c

Pe

Q2

0.00440434
0.0208699
0.0208699
0.2078966

Steps 6 - 7 - 8
P's
case 1
case 2
case 3
case 4
case 5
case 6
case 7

P*s
case 1
AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

0
procal V33.1.0.11

0 -96.6108419
75

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Prim
-24.8420379
70.4355899
45.593552
0
-24.8420379
70.4355899
45.593552
Q3

180.9984202 -0.067967319

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1


case 2
case 3
case 4
case 5
case 6
case 7

0
0
0
0
0
0

case 1
case 2
case 3
case 4
case 5
case 6
case 7
Step 9

Fm

AutoPIPE
Vessel

(FIG. UHX-13.3.1 / 2)

TABLE UHX-13.1

0.03
0.04
0.07

0.1

0.0339837
0.03992419
0.0686057
0.0280452
0.03028139
0.037398
0.02224539

(AutoPIPE Vessel)
-0.2703342
-0.2431864
-0.1926081
-0.3030955
-0.2900353
-0.5616265
-0.3403612

Ftmax
(AutoPIPE
Vessel)
3.536119
3.242469
2.125221
3.82967
3.71913
5.410164
4.116364

/
0.1
/

Ftmin

case 1
case 2
case 3
case 4
case 5
case 6
case 7
rt =

0
0
-89.7874184
-89.7874184
-89.7874184
-89.7874184

0.336675289 in
Wt

case 1
case 2
case 3
case 4
case 5
case 6
case 7
Steps 10 to 12

s,m
case 1
case 2
case 3
case 4
case 5
case 6
case 7

s,b

1837.017346 -12222.6477
2284.011336 27825.23134
4121.028682 15602.58365
-2841.964732 -27649.41404
-1004.947386 -39872.06173
-557.9533965 175.8173092
1279.06395 -12046.83039
ls =

0
0
14.32870228
14.32870228
14.32870228
14.32870228

116.6208033
20.00996137
-159.948593
-256.559435
-43.3277903
-139.938632

16348.54564
23184.34007
6835.795255
-22336.8312
-38685.3378
-8068.58752
-15501.0188

-513.191814
-332.193393
-104.398539
76.59988063
-617.590353
-436.591933

-0.079848341
-0.137211543
-0.05609033
-0.060562767
0.007856579
-0.044490729

allowable allowable

-3622.90657 OK : (1.5 Ss)


4373.280123 OK : (1.5 Ss)
750.3735515 OK : (1.5 Ss)
-5998.07226 OK : (Sps)
-9620.97883 OK : (Sps)
-1624.79213 OK : (Sps)
-5247.69870 OK : (Sps)

OK : (0.8 Ss)
OK : (0.8 Ss)
OK : (0.8 Ss)
OK : (0.8 Ss)
OK : (0.8 Ss)
OK : (0.8 Ss)
OK : (0.8 Ss)

t,1

t,2

t,max

t,max

-1288.44758
1634.139142
361.0881005
-463.412623
-1750.08587
1130.436425
-131.040058

2226.786961
-2251.55331
-82.2505625
5855.307726
8082.095923
3603.749256
5830.540641

2226.786961
2251.553312
361.0881005
5855.307726
8082.095923
3603.749256
5830.540641

=<allowable
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK

Ft= 142.5706062
Fs
1.481939944
1.628765084
2
1.335164629
1.390434811
1.25
1.25

Stb
6930.645233
6305.881744
5135.400003
7692.534527
7386.754075
8216.640004
8216.640004

Ct =
abs(t,min)
1288.447582
2251.553312
82.25056251
463.4126238
1750.085875
1130.436425
131.040058

s
14059.66505
30109.24268
19723.61233
30491.37877
40877.00912
733.7707057
13325.89434

172.5630506
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK

s
allowable elastic-plastic
OK
No
FALSE
Yes
OK
No
OK
/
OK
/
OK
/
OK
/

8.748999943

c,m
AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

c,b
procal V33.1.0.11

c
76

c
prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

case 1
case 2
case 3
case 4
case 5
case 6
case 7

5567.107843 28381.11121
0 -8562.889306
5567.107843 19818.22191
0 16254.21505
5567.107843 44635.32626
0 7691.325742
5567.107843 36072.43696

33948.21906
8562.889306
25385.32975
16254.21505
50202.43411
7691.325742
41639.5448

allowable elastic-plastic
FALSE
Yes
OK
No
OK
No
OK
/
OK
/
OK
/
OK
/

Elastic-plastic calculation
Ss* =
facts
case 1
case 2
case 3

case 1
case 2
case 3

1
0.763994712
0

s
50867972.91
38862862.32

Qz2
case 1
case 2
case 3

case 1
case 2
case 3

case 1
case 2
case 3

17500
factc
1 OK
1
0

c
22049113.04
22049113.04
0
U

Sc* =
Es*
26400000
20169460.4

30000
Ec*
28300000
28300000

ks
319712.5586
244258.7042

kc
124460.9629
124460.9629

6.732232476 9.023618515
5.641389889 7.561496195

Q1
-0.05915904
-0.05428668

Qz1
3.753824734
3.874249576

Fm

Pw

10.15043261
11.35005096

20.30086522
22.70010193

0 4.612272297
0 4.612272297

c
3.343988236
3.343988236

c
Q3
-2.60273882 -0.06796731
-2.60273882 -0.07770044

Prim
Pe
-24.8420379 -96.61084191
78.75994708 115.2295308

Q2

180.9984202 -16351.5763
-573.842856 22297.1413

2.52424E-05
3.30401E-05

-4.54132059
-4.54132059

0.03399
0.03886

Comments
In ASME example, the tubes design temperature is equal to channel design temperature.
In AutoPIPE Vessel , the tubes design temperature is the maximum of the channel design temperature and the shell
design temperature( values for allowable stress and elasticity modulus may be input).

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

77

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

UHX-20.3.1 Stationary Tubesheet Gasketed With Shell and Channel; Floating Tubesheet Gasketed, Not
extended as a Flange
Tubesheet, Loading conditions [corroded normal condition].
Tubesheet

ASME VIII DIV.1


2010 2011a
[UHX-14]

Pressure
Corrosion
Material
Temperature
Allowable stress
Yield strength
Modulus of elasticity
Poissons ratio
Diameter
Nominal thickness
Tolerance

Tubes

Tubeside

Shellside

Pt=150 psi
ct=0 in
SA105
70 F
S = 19 000 psi
Sy = 36 000 psi
E = 27 000 ksi
= 0.3
A = 33.071 in
1.75 in
0 in

Ps=250 psi
cs=0 in
(T =/)

Nt=466

pattern Triangular
Dc G
c
h

hp

Ds G s
Gc
hp

Dc
h
A

Tubeside

SA179
70 F
(Tt,m=/)
St = 13 350 psi
Sy,t = 20 550 psi
Et = 27 000 ksi
t = 0.3
dt=0.75 in
tt=0.083 in

0 in
SA516GR60
70 F
(Ts,m=/)
Ss = 17 100 psi
Sy,s = 32 000 psi
Es = 29 400 ksi
s = 0.3
27.265 in
0.375 in

0 in
SA516GR60
70 F
(Tc=/)
Sc = 17 100 psi
Sy,c = 32 000 psi
Ec = 29 400 ksi
c = 0.3
27.265 in
0.375 in

L = 256 in

OTL=25.8 in

p=1 in

Configuration d
Ds = 27.265 in
Gs = 29.375 in
Dc = 27.265 in
Gc = 29.375 in
hg = 0.197 in
ts = 0.375 in
Extra thickness (periphery) : Tubeside = 0.197 in
Configuration C
A = 26.89 in
Dc = 26.036 in
Gc = 26.496 in
h = 1.75 in
G1 = 26.463 in
Extra thickness (periphery) Tubeside : 0 in

Tubesheet characteristics
Diameter of perforated region
Tube expansion depth ratio
Effective Tube Pitch
p
p* =
= 1.068 in
4 MIN[AL , (4 DO p )]
1
DO2
Effective elastic constants

Shell

h = 1.75 in
hp = 1.356 in
tc = 0.375 in
Shellside = 0.197 in
hp = 1.75 in
hg = 0 in
Shellside : 0 in

D0 = 2r0+dt = 25.8 in
r0 = 12.525 in
lt,x = 1.4 in
= lt,x /h = 0.8
basic ligament efficiency : = (p- dt)/p = 0.25
effective ligament efficiency : * = (p*- d*)/ p* = 0.385
d* = max[(dt -2tt Et/E St /S ),(dt -2tt )]= 0.657 in
largest center-to-center distance between adjacent tube rows : UL = 2.496 in
Unperforated Area : AL = 64.397 in
(Fig. UHX-11.3 , Fig. UHX-11.4)
E* = 10 899 790 psi
* = 0.308

Minimum thickness : TEMA 9th Ed. RCB 7-131

UL 4p

a0 = D0 /2 = 12.9 in
xs = 1-Nt (dt /2a0)2 = 0.606

hg = max[(hg-ct).(0)]
xt = 1-Nt ((dt-2tt)/2a0)2 = 0.761

Stationary Tubesheet

Floating Tubesheet

as = Gs/2 = 14.688 in
ac = Gc/2 = 14.688 in
s = as /a0 = 1.139
c = ac /a0 = 1.139

as = ac = 13.248 in
ac = Gc/2 = 13.248 in
s = as /a0 = 1.027
c = ac /a0 = 1.027

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

78

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

Shell and channel coefficients

Stationary Tubesheet

Floating Tubesheet

s = [12(1-s2)]1/4 / [(Ds+ts)ts]1/2 =
ks = s Es ts3 / [6(1-s2)] =
s = 6Ds ks /h3 (1+hs+h2s2/2) =
s = Ds2 /4Es ts (1-s /2) =
c = [12(1-c2)] 1/4 / [(Dc+tc)tc] 1/2 =
kc = c Ec tc3 / [6(1-c2)] =
c = 6Dc kc /h3 (1+hc+h2c2/2) =
c = Dc2 /4Ec tc (1-c /2) =

0 in-1
0 lbf
0 psi
0 in/lbf
0 in-1
0 lbf
0 psi
0 in/lbf

0 in-1
0 lbf
0 psi
0 in/lbf
0 in-1
0 lbf
0 psi
0 in/lbf

Xa = [24(1- *2)Nt Et tt (dt-tt)a02/(E*Lh3)]1/4 = 3.602


Table UHX-13.1

Zd = 0.033

Zv = 0.0791

K = A/D0 =
*
F = (1- )/E* (s+c+E ln K) =
= (1+*)F =
Q1 = (s-1- Zv) / (1+ Zm) =

Zm = 0.4224

Zw = 0.0791

Stationary Tubesheet

Floating Tubesheet

1.282
0.425
0.557
0.077

1.042
0.071
0.093
0.019

Stationary Tubesheet

s = s ks s s (1+hs) =
s* = a02 (s2-1)(s-1)/4 - s =
c = c kc c c (1+hc) =
c*=a02[(c2+1)(c-1)/4-(s-1)/2]-c=
b =

Floating Tubesheet

0 in
1.7083 in
0 in
1.7083 in
(Gc-Gs)/D0 = 0
0.2147106 lbf
0.2147106 lbf
0.2017106 lbf
0.1268106 lbf
/
W m1max = max[W m1s , W m1c ]

Ws =
Wc =
Wm1s =
Wm1c =
W=
Wmax = max[Ws , Wc ]

0 in
0.0614 in
0 in
0.0614 in
(Gc-G1)/D0 = 0.0013
/
0.1026106 lbf
/
0.9644105 lbf
/

Equivalent Pressure : Pe = Ps - Pt
Ts* = Ts = 70 F
Tc* = Tc = 70 F
Tr = T = 70 F

*
s (Ts -Ta) = 0 in/in
c (Tc -Ta) = 0 in/in
(Tr-Ta) = 0 in/in
The effect of radial differential thermal expansion adjacent to the Tubesheet is not considered.
Ps* = Ests/as[s (Ts*-Ta)- (Tr-Ta)]
Pc* = Ectc/ac[c (Tc*-Ta)- (Tr-Ta)]
Case

Ps (psi)

Pt (psi)

1
2
3

0
250
250

150
0
150

Stationary Tubesheet

Pe (psi)
-150
250
100

Ps* (psi)
0
0
0

bending stress :
Q2 = [(s*Ps-c*Pt ) - (sPs*-cPc*) + (bW/(2)) ] / (1+ Zm)
= 6 Q2 / [ * (h-hg ) 2 ] ( Pe = 0 )
= (1.5Fm / *) (2a0 /(h-hg ))2 Pe ( Pe 0 )
Shear stress in the stationary Tubesheet :
= (1/(2)) (a0/hp) Pe
= (1/(4)) ({4Ap/Cp}/hp) Pe if |Pe| > 3.2S hp /D0
in which : Cp = 84.992 in , Ap = 415.595 in2

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

Pc* (psi)
0
0
0

Floating Tubesheet

Pe (psi)
-150
250
100

Ps* (psi)
0
0
0

Pc* (psi)
0
0
0

Q3 = Q1 + 2Q2/(Pe a02)
|| shall be allowable

|| shall be allowable

79

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

Stationary Tubesheet

Case
W*
1
Wm1c
Wm1s
2
Wm1max
3
Floating Tubesheet

Case
1
2
3

W*
Wm1c
0
Wm1c

hg (in)
0.197
0.197
0.197

Q2 (lbf)
-207.470
345.783
138.313

Q3
0.0932
0.0932
0.0932

Fm
0.1016
0.1016
0.1016

-16 382
27 303
10 921

hg (in)
0.000
0.000
0.000

Q2 (lbf)
9.972
14.764
24.736

Q3
0.0181
0.0196
0.0219

Fm
0.0742
0.0747
0.0755

-9 423
15 813
6 390

(psi)

(psi)

allowable (psi)

1.5 S = 28 500
1.5 S = 28 500
1.5 S = 28 500

(psi)
-2 854
4 757
1 903

allowable (psi)

0.8 S = 15 200
0.8 S = 15 200
0.8 S = 15 200

allowable (psi)

1.5 S = 28 500
1.5 S = 28 500
1.5 S = 28 500

rt = [dt2+(dt-2tt)2]1/2 / 4 = 0.238 in
Sy,t = 20 550 psi
k=1
lt = k l = 15.375 in
Fs = min{ 2.0 ; max[ (3.25-0.25 [Zd+Q3Zw] Xa4 ) ; 1.25 ] } ( Pe 0 )
Fs = 1.25 ( Pe = 0 )
l = 15.375 in
Maximum permissible buckling stress limit for the tubes :
Ct Ft : Stb = min{ [ 2 Et / (Fs Ft2)] ; St }
Ct = (2 2 Et / Sy,t)1/2 = 161
Ct > Ft : Stb = min{ [Sy,t / Fs (1-Ft / (2Ct))] ; St }
Ft = lt / rt = 64.7
Axial tube stress in the outermost tube row :
If Pe 0 : t,1 = [(Ps xs Pt xt ) Pe Ft,min ] / (xt xs)
Ft,min and Ft,max
t,2 = [(Ps xs Pt xt ) Pe Ft,max ] / (xt xs)
From
2
If Pe = 0 : t,1 = [(Ps xs Pt xt ) (2Q2 /a0 ) Ft,min ] / (xt xs)
Table UHX-13.2
2
t,2 = [(Ps xs Pt xt ) (2Q2 /a0 ) Ft,max ] / (xt xs)
t,max = max( |t,1| ; |t,2| )
t,max shall be t,o allowable
If t,1 or t,2 < 0 : t,min = min( t,1 ; t,2 )
| t,min| shall be St,b
St,b (psi)
Case
Fs
Ft,min
Ft,max
t,1 (psi)
t,2 (psi)
t,o allowable (psi)
1
1.55
-1.0091
3.3962
-1 713
2 549
St = 13 350
10 582
10 582
2
1.55
-1.0091
3.3962
2 605
-4 499
St = 13 350
3
1.55
-1.0091
3.3962
892
-1 950
10 582
St = 13 350
Tube-to-tubesheet joint
Smin = min( S ; St )
St,j = 10 680 psi
|t,o| shall be St,j

Welded tubes :
Expanded joint
(2 groove(s) )

St,j = min[ ( Smin g / tt ) ; St ] (weld height : g = 0 in)


no groove : St,j = 0.5 Smin min[ ( lt,x / dt ) ; 1.6 ]
one groove : St,j = 0.6 Smin
with grooves > 1 : St,j = 0.8 Smin

Error(s) and/or warning(s)


The thickness is acceptable

Comments
In ASME example, the values of Do and ro are not coherent :
dt = 0.75 in. ; Do = 25.8 in. and ro = 12.5 in.
AutoPIPE Vessel example keeps values of dt and Do  ro = 12.525 in.

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

80

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

Other calculations

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

81

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

Welding Neck Flange ( Taylor Forge Bulletin)


Body flange(s) and cover(s)
Flange 1801 in operation.
ASME VIII DIV.1 2010 2011a
Design pressure
P = 400 psi
Corrosion : 0 in
Design Temperature :
500 F
Tolerance : 0 in
Material
Flange
Bolt
SA105
SA193GRB7
Uncorroded dimensions Flange thickness (in the bolt circle) :
Inside diameter of flange :
Calcutated as integral type

t
W
h

A C
HG

HT

HD

g0

g1

tC = 2 in
Bf = 32 in

Raised face (male) height = 0.188 in


Ab = 19.84 in
Bolt
nb = 36
db = 1 in
Gasket
N = 0.75 in
tN = 0.118 in
y = 3 700 psi yc = 0 psi
m = 2.75 b = 0.306 in
b0 = 0.375 in
Hub dimensions (uncorroded) : length = 2.75 in ; thickness at the end = 0.5 in ; thickness at back of flange = 1.125 in
Corroded dimensions
D = 32 in

B = 32 in
A = 39.125 in

g0 = 0.5 in
G = 33.888 in

t = 2 in (1)
C = 37 in

g1 = 1.125 in
h = 2.75 in

(1) : Flange face over thickness, tolerance is taken into account.

Gasket and bolt calculation :


BSmin = 2.25 in
BSmax = 2 db + 6 t / (m + 0.5) = 5.692 in
H = 0.785 G2 P = 360 771 lbf
Wm1 = H + Hp = 432 486 lbf
Am = max (Wm2/Sa, Wm1/Sb) = 17.299 in
Wm2 = 3.14 b G y = 120 612 lbf
Nmin = W / (2 3.14 G y) = 0.589 in

BS = 3.14 C / nb = 3.229 in
C0 = max [1, (BS / (2.db+t) )0.5] = 1
Sb = 25 ksi
Hp = 2 P b 3.14 G m = 71 715 lbf
Wm1x = max(Wm1) = 432 486 lbf
Wm1x/Ab = 21.8 ksi Sb
Amx = max (Am) = 17.299 in
W = Sa (Ab + Am) / 2 = 0.4642106 lbf
Sa = 25 ksi
W/Ab = 23.4 ksi Sa
Load to apply on bolting : W/nb = 12 894 lbf

Loads, lever arms and moments


HD = 0.785 B2 P = 321 699 lbf
HG = Wm1x - H = 71 715 lbf
HT = H - HD = 39 072 lbf
MO=MD+MG+MT= 814 136.9 lbf.in

hD = (C - B - g1) / 2 = 1.,938 in
hG = (C - G) / 2 = 1.556 in
hT = (2 C - B - G) / 4 = 2.028 in
MA = W.hG = 722 375.7 lbf.in

MD=HD.hD= 623 291.9 lbf.in


MG=HG.hG= 111 603.3 lbf.in
MT=HT.hT= 79 241.77 lbf.in
R = ( C - B ) / 2 - g1

Stress Factors
h0 = (B g0) = 4 in
F = 0.777
Y = 9.773
e = F/h0 = 0.1942 in-1

K = A/B = 1.223
g1/g0 = 2.25
T = 1.83
U = 10.74
Z = 5.041
f =1
L = ((t e + 1)/T) + (t3/((U h0 g02)/V)) = 0.,879

Stresses :

h/h0 = 0.688
V = 0.162
B1 = B

( in operation : M=MO ; Sf = 19.6 ksi ;Sn = 17.1 ksi )

SH = (f M C0)/(L g12 B1) = 22.87 ksi


SR =(1.33 t e + 1) M C0/ L t2 B = 10.97 ksi
ST = ((Y M C0)/(t2 B)) - Z SR = 6.85 ksi
SHR = (SH + SR)/2 = 16.92 ksi
SHT = (SH + ST)/2 = 14.86 ksi

min (1.5 Sf , 2.5 Sn) = 29.4 ksi


Sf = 19.6 ksi
Sf = 19.6 ksi
Sf = 19.6 ksi
Sf = 19.6 ksi

Stresses :

( seating : M=MA ; Sf = 20 ksi ;Sn = 17.1 ksi )

SH = (f M C0)/(L g12 B1) = 20.29 ksi


SR =(1.33 t e + 1) M C0/ L t2 B = 9.74 ksi
ST = ((Y M C0)/(t2 B)) - Z SR = 6.08 ksi
SHR = (SH + SR)/2 = 15.01 ksi
SHT = (SH + ST)/2 = 13.18 ksi

min (1.5 Sf , 2.5 Sn) = 30 ksi


Sf = 20 ksi
Sf = 20 ksi
Sf = 20 ksi
Sf = 20 ksi

JP = (52,14 |MO| V)/(L EO g02 h0 KI) = 0.959 shall be 1,0


JA = (52,14 |MA| V)/(L EA g02 h0 KI) = 0.79 shall be 1,0

procal V33.1.0.11

(68%)
(49%)
(30%)
(75%)
(66%)
Rigidity Factor : KI = 0.3

Flange Rigidity (Moments without correction for bolt spacing)

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

(78%)
(56%)
(35%)
(86%)
(76%)

with : EO = 27100 ksi


with : EA = 29200 ksi

82

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

t
h
W
A

C
HG
g0
B

Design Pressure
Design Temperature
Corrosion allowance
Flange Material
SA105
Bolt material
SA193GRB7
Shell material
Type of gasket
Grooved metal (Soft Iron or Steel)
Gasket factor m
2.75
Min. Design Seating stress
3700 psi
Bolt diameter
number of bolts
Bolt section

1 in
36

32 in
2 in

g0 =
1.125
34.5
0.75
0.188

0.5 in
in
in
in
in

400 psi
500 F
0 in

UNC 8
0.55 in2
19.84 in2

total section Ab

37 in

D=

2.75 in

g1 =
Ext. Gasket dia.
Gasket width (w)
raised face male

32 in

C=

h=

HD

HT

39.125 in

B=

t (at bolt circle) =


g1
G

A=

from BoltUN.doc

Mechanical characteristics

Shell Sf
Flange Sn
Bolt
Elasticity Modulus
B (corroded)
g0 (corroded)
g1 (corroded)

Allowable Stress at temp.


19600.00
17100.00
25000.00
27100000.00
32 in
0.5 in
1.125 in

psi
psi
psi
psi

Allowable Stress at seating


20000.00 psi
17100.00 psi
25000.00 psi
29200000.00 psi

Gasket dimensions
b0 (w/2) =
0.375 in
b=
0.306186218 in
G=
33.88762756 in

Bolt loads and section


H=
Hp =
Wm2 =
Wm1 =
Am =

360771.485
71713.2421
120608.634
432484.727
17.2993891

lbf
lbf
lbf
lbf
in2

HD =
HT =
hD =
hG =

321699.088
39072.3968
1.9375
1.55618622

lbf
lbf
in
in

OK Ab >= Am

Flange moments

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.1.0.11

MA =

83

722369.7583 lbf in
prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

hT =
W=

2.02809311 in
464192.363 lbf

Mo =

814133.6003 lbf in

M (seating) =

722369.7583 lbf in

M (operation) =
E6 =
E4 =
A=
C=
C36 =

814133.6003 lbf in
-1.246983257
1.338307677
1.25
9.758283691
2.074097577

Stresses calculation
deltab =
C0 =
K=
h0 =
T=
U=
Y=
F=
V=
e=
L=
Z=

3.22885912 in
1
1.22265625
4
1.82975561
10.7398932
9.77332415
0.77693343
0.16155154
0.19423336
for which
0.87916386
5.04131594

SH =
SR =
ST =
0.5 (SH + SR )
0.5 (SH + ST )

22864.98009
10972.46802
6846.756232
16918.72405
14855.86816

operation

(stresses in psi)
29400.00
min(1.5 Sf ; 2.5 Sn)
19600.00
Sf
19600.00
Sf
19600.00
Sf
19600.00
Sf

OK
OK
OK
OK
OK

SH =
SR =
ST =
0.5 (SH + SR )
0.5 (SH + ST )

20287.78831
9735.722817
6075.03442
15011.75556
13181.41137

seating

(stresses in psi)
30000.00
min(1.5 Sf ; 2.5 Sn)
20000.00
Sf
20000.00
Sf
20000.00
Sf
20000.00
Sf

OK
OK
OK
OK
OK

Flange Rigidity

KI =
Jo =
JA =

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

0.3
0.95943917
0.79007398

procal V33.1.0.11

1
1

OK
OK

84

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

ASME VIII Div.1 2010 App. 26 Unreinforced Bellows


Lc

Lb

Lt
q
w

nt
w

tc

Db

Pressure
Bellows allowable stress
Bellows yield strength
Bellows modulus of elasticity
Bellows modulus of elasticity
Ambient
Collar allowable stress
Collar modulus of elasticity

Convolution Height : w =
1.125 in
Ply thickness : t = 0.05 in
Lt = 0.75 in

No. of convolutions : N = 8
No. of plies : n = 1
Int. Diameter : Db = 24 in

Convolution Pitch : q =
1.125 in
Collar Thickness : tc = /
Lc = /

Mean diameter of convolution : Dm = Db+w+nt = 25.175 in

Sc = /
Ec = /

Lb

= N q = 9 in

Figure 26-4 Cp = 0.659


Figure 26-5 Cf = 1.686

Cross section of 1 convolution : A = [ (( - 2)/2)q + 2w] n tp = 0.141 in2

Eo = 28 300 ksi

C1 = q / 2w = 0.5

Ply thickness (corrected for thinning) : tp = t Db Dm = 0.049 in

k = min 1 ; Lt 1.5 Db t

150 psi
20 000 psi
25 000 psi
27 600 ksi

C2 = q 2.2 Dm t p = 0.461

Dc = Db+2nt+tc = /

Mean diameter of collar :

P=
S=
Sy =
Eb =

)} = 0.456

Kf = 3.0

Sum of combining movements : etot = 1 in [q = etot /N ]

Figure 26-6 Cd = 1.718


Joint efficiency : Cwc = 1
No. of cycles : Nspe = 1 000

Spring rate (1 conv.) : K b =

tp 1

n
= 7 267.063 lbf/in (b = 0.3)
Eb Dm
2
2 1 b N
w Cf

Stresses due to pressure (n = 1)


Bellows circumferential membrane

S1 =

(Db + nt )2 Lt Eb k
1
P = 16 466 psi S = 20 000 psi
2 (nt (Db + nt )Lt Eb + tc Dc Lc Ec k )

Collar circumferential membrane

S1 =

Dc2 Lt Ec k
1
P = / Cwc.Sc = /
2 nt (Db + nt )Lt Eb + t c Dc Lc Ec k

End convolutions circumferential


membrane

S 2 ,E =

Intermediate convolutions
circumferential membrane

S 2 ,I =

Bellows meridional
Membrane S3, Bending S4

S3 =

1 qDm + Lt ( Db + nt )
P = 19 555 psi S = 20 000 psi
2 A + nt p Lt + tc Lc

1 qDm
P = 15 044 psi S = 20 000 psi
2 A
2

w
P = 1 728 psi
2 nt p

1 w
S4 =
C p P = 26 239 psi
2n t p

S3+S4 = 27 968 psi Kf.S = 60 000 psi


Meridional stresses due to deflection
2
1 Eb t p
q = 1 713 psi
membrane : S 5 =
2 w3C f

bending : S 6 =

St = 0.7(S3+S4)+(S5+S6) = 150 420 psi


Nspe N alw

Fatigue Life

Kg = 1

Ko = 5 200 000 psi

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

So = 38 300 psi

procal V33.1.0.11

85

5 Eb t p
q = 129 129 psi
3 w 2 Cd

Ko
=
E
K o
S So
g
Eb t

= 2 012

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.

ASME VIII division 1

Limiting Internal
Design Pressure for
buckling

Psc = 0.34 K b Nq = 862 psi

Psi = (
*

Sy = 2.3 Sy

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

2 ) AS *y

P Psc

Dm q = 205 psi

P Psi
2

= 1+2 +(1-2 +4 4)0.5 = 2.5597

= 1/3 S4 /S2,I

procal V33.1.0.11

86

prodia2 V33.1.0.11 Bentley Systems, Inc.