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1. What is the difference between a compound and a mixture?

A compound can have only two elements, like water. A mixture can have any number of
elements.
A compound always has the same ratio of elements. A mixture can have any ratio of
elements.
A compound can be separated into its elements by physical means. A mixture is separated
by chemical means.
A compound can only be a liquid. A mixture can be solid, liquid, or gas.
2. How is an ionic compound formed?
Two nonmetals share their electrons, forming ions that associate with one another in a
crystalline lattice.
A metal and a nonmetal share their electrons and form an ionic bond.
A metal transfers an electron to a nonmetal, forming two oppositely charged ions that
attract one another.
Two metals lose electrons to form ions, which associate with one another in a crystalline
lattice.
3. What is an empirical formula?
An empirical formula tells us the type of atoms present, the actual numbers of those atoms,
and the geometric arrangement of those atoms.
An empirical formula tells us the type of atoms present, as well as the actual numbers of
those atoms in the formula.
An empirical formula tells us only the types of atoms present and nothing about the actual
numbers or arrangement of those atoms.
An empirical formula tells us what atoms are present in a compound and the number of

each atom relative to the other atoms in the formula.


4. How are molecules different from ionic compounds?
Molecules are made up of many elements, whereas ionic compounds are only made up of
two elements at a time.
Molecules are always polyatomic, whereas the ions that make up ionic compounds are
always monoatomic.
Molecules don't have empirical formulas.
Ions generally do not form discrete entities in the solid phase but instead form a
continuous lattice of alternating atoms. Molecules are discrete entities.
5. What is the proper systematic name for the ionic compound KClO4?
potassium perchlorite
potassium chloride tetroxide
potassium chloride
potassium perchlorate
6. What is the proper systematic name for the molecular compound N2O5?
dinitrogen oxide
nitrogen pentoxide
dinitrogen pentoxide
nitrogen oxide
7. How many moles of water molecules are there in 36.0 grams of water?
0.500 moles

12.0 1023
2.00
648
8. How many moles of oxygen atoms are there in 9.0 grams of water?
1.0
3.0 1023
2.0
0.50

9. In combustion analysis, why can't you determine the amount of oxygen relative to
the other elements in the starting compound directly from the amount of oxygen in
the CO2 and H2O produced in the reaction?
Combustion analysis only allows us to determine an empirical formula.
Most of the oxygen in the products comes from the oxygen in which the compound was
combusted, while the carbon and hydrogen only come from the starting compound being
analyzed.
We can't use information about the products to determine information about the reactants.
Because both products have oxygen in them, we can't separate out how much came from
the starting compound.
10. What is wrong with the following chemical equation? C3H8 (g) + 10 O2 (g) 3
CO2 (g) + 4 H2O (g)
Hydrogen is not balanced properly.

Oxygen is not balanced properly.


H2O is a liquid, not a gas.
The product is C3O6, not 3CO2.