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-Ç-C-¢√®Ωç 7 °∂œ-v•-´-J 2016 Ñ-Ø√-úø’ £j«-ü¿®√-¶«-ü˛ 2

O’ -v°æ-¨¡o-©’ °æç-§ƒ-Lq-† -*®Ω’-Ø√-´÷...


-≤ÚpÈé-Ø˛ -Éç-Tx-≠ˇ, -v°æ-A-¶μº -N-¶μ«í∫ç,
Ñ-Ø√--úø’ 鬮√u-©-ߪ’ç, -®√-¢Á÷-@ °∂œ-™¸t Æœ-öÃ,
£æ«-ߪ’-û˝-†í∫®˝ (-´’ç-úø-©ç), ®Ωçí¬È®-úÕf ->-™«x.
875 Email your questions to: pratibhadesk@eenadu.net

- Bunganna Arakatla, Kurnool


Q: Sir, I request you to let me know the
meanings of the words below.
'Couch potato'- á-´®Ω’..? - Vijaychandar, Gandhampally
Q: Sir, please clarify the following doubts.
It was a great fun - if we want to change
1) Honing 2) Crepuscular - V. Rajkumar, other substance, solid, liquid, or the above sentence then can we write in the
3) Upends 4) Skewed Hyderabad gas. following manner?
5) Up the Anti 6) Pogrom Q: What are the differences ★ Mineral water = Natural water What a great fun it was!
7) Coach Potato 8) Perestroika among... with some salts dissolved in it, A: You can. It is right.
i) Large, Huge, Big, Tall, Long, sold as drinking water. Q: He himself copied/ He copied himself -
9) Glasnost 10) Regimen
Heavy However in India, mineral Please say the difference between the two
A: 1) i) Sharpening - making a knife or any sentences.
other weapon sharp/ refine or improve ii) Filter water, Distilled water, water sold in bottles is purified
M. SURESAN A: He himself copied - in this sentence the
someone's skills. Mineral Water, Purified water. water to which certain salts and
object is missing. He himself copied what?
ii) A whetstone used to make knives and A: i) Big and large both refer to things more mineral are added.
Suppose the sentence 'He himself copied it.'
razors sharp. than the usual size, extent, amount and ★ Purified water = water free from impuri-
Then it is the same as 'He copied it himself'.
capacity (a large building, a large area, a ties.
2) Connected with twilight (Ææçüμ¿u ¢Á©’-í∫’éÀ Q: You are not supposed to copy in the exam/
Ææç•ç-Cμç-*†). large amount, a large hall, etc.) - Ravi Kumar Ch. You should not copy in the exam - Which
3) Turn something upside down (A®Ω-í∫-C-°æpôç) However, while large refers to measure- Q: Sir, can you please clarify me the following one has force?
/ to win (ņ’-éÓ-èπ◊çú≈ Èí©-´úøç). ment or size, big refers to more than usual doubts: A: Both have the same force. However, in
4) Place or keep something at an angle weight. 1) 2 / 3rd of the book is easy to read. But 3 India, 'You should not copy in the exam', is
(¢√©’í¬ Öçîªúøç)/ make something appear ★ Big: a big man (size), a big baby (size), big parts of the lesson are yet to be completed. more easily understood than 'You are not
wrong (鬢√-©E üËØÁj oØ√ ´véπçí¬ îª÷°æúøç). plan, etc. Why? supposed to copy in the exam'. So it is bet-
★ Huge = something unusually big usually in 2) It was / were the students who wanted the ter to say, 'You should not copy in the
5) Up the ante (not anti) = increase your
size - a huge building = unusually large exams'.
demands or risks (´’† úÕ´÷çúø’x, v°æ´÷-üΔ©’ teacher to declare holiday.
building. Q: They are withdrawn from others - Means
A: Two-third of the book - wrong. The correct
what?
°ç-éÓ-´úøç, ´·êuçí¬ ™«¢√-üË-O™x/ ¢√u§ƒ-®√™x
ÅCμéπ ™«¶μºç §ÒçüËç-ü¿’èπ◊). ★ Tall = of good height, refers to humans, ani- expression is two-thirds of the book, as
mals, buildings, and mountain peaks. A: They don't mix with others - they do not
6) Harm/ kill a large group of people because 'thirds' is plural, it should be, Two-thirds of
develop closeness with others.
of their race or political beliefs. (´‚èπ◊-´’t- ★ 'Long' refers to objects and duration (time) the book are easy to read, because, two-
Q: He and I are present/ He and I am present -
- a long river, long road, the long tail of the thirds = two parts out of three. Two parts is
úÕí¬ v°æï-©†’ îªç°æúøç, ¢√J ®√ï-éÃߪ’ ¶μ«¢√© Which one is correct?
´©x). monkey, the long neck of the giraffe, long plural, so we should say, two-thirds of the
A: He and I are present - correct. When two
story, long distance, etc. book are easy to read. subjects are joined by 'and' the verb is most-
★ Heavy - refers to things with a lot of weight 2) It was the students who wanted the teacher ly plural.
- Heavy metal, heavy stone, etc. Also, to declare holiday - 'was' is correct in such Q: "A hard task master but a good pay master"
heavy work, heavy rain, etc. sentences. We say, 'It is the ministers who - Please translate into Telugu.
ii) Filter water = water filtered to make it free are responsible for it', and not, 'It are the A: °æE N≠æ-ߪ’ç™ î√™« éπ*a-ûªçí¬ Öçö«úø’ í¬F
from solid impurities. ministers who are responsible for it' (Note, úø•’s ¶«í¬ îÁLx-≤ƒhúø’.
★ Distilled water = water unmixed with any 'it' is singular.)

7) Couch potato (not coach) = a person


spending all the time lying on a sofa and
watching the TV. (á°æ¤púø÷, ≤Ú´’-Jí¬ °æúø’-
Two-thirds of the book are..
èπ◊E, öÃO îª÷Ææ’hç-úË-¢√∞¡Ÿx). - Ravinder, Kakinada
îª÷úøèπ◊çú≈ ®√ߪ÷L - How can this be said in
Couch = small bed English?
Q: Sir, 'Answers are seem to be got - -O’èπ◊
džq®˝q ´*a-†õ‰x ÖØ√o®· - Is this right? A: You learn the answers to ten questions. I
8) Political, social and economical changes A: i) Answers are seem to be got - Wrong. will ask you to answer three questions. You Q: Outline - Please explain.
Answers seem to have been got - Right, should write them without copying it from A: Outline = 1) sketch of a person / object
in the Soviet Union late 1980s (1980 ©™
but this is rather awkward. We don't usu- the book. Eg: He has drawn the outline of the map =
≤ÚN-ߪ’ö¸ ߪ‚E-ߪ’-Ø˛™  ´*a† ®√ï-éÃߪ’,
≤ƒç°∂œ’éπ, ÇJnéπ ´÷®Ω’p©’). ally say so. You seem to have got the Q: He is a teacher /Teacher - àC éπÈ®é˙d? (map Í®ë«-*-vû√Eo U¨»-úø-ûª†’ – N´-®√™‰ç
9) Transparency in the Soviet Union during answers - much better than, 'Answers A: He is a teacher - Correct. ™‰èπ◊çú≈).
Gorbachev's time. (íÓ®Ωs-îÁ¢˛ 鬩ç™ USSR seem to have been got'. Q: I have to credit this amount in/ to my 2) Summary (≤ƒ®√稡ç)
™ ´*a† §ƒ©Ø√ §ƒ®Ω-ü¿-®Ωz-éπûª). account - Which is correct? 3) A general description of a plan (v°æù«-Réπ
10) Rules of food and exercise for improve- A: I have to credit this amount into my Ææ÷n© Ææy®Ω÷°æç - N´-®Ωçí¬ é¬èπ◊çú≈).
ment of health. (Ç®Óí∫uç ¢Á’®Ω’í¬_ ÖçúËç-ü¿’èπ◊, account - Correct.
ǣ慮Ω, ¢√uߪ÷´’ Eߪ’-´÷©’). - Shravan Goud - SK. Siraj, Nellore
Q: She denied to have seen him yesterday. In
- Pillutla Swathi Q: Dear sir, I am working as an English
this sentence, could you please explain the
Q: Sir, can you please explain what is teacher in High School. How to develop
importance of the word 'yesterday'?. We do
Adverbs of manner in detail? spelling skills in VI to X class students?
not use 'yesterday' for present perfect.
A: An adverb increases the meaning of the A: First of all tell them the sound which a let-
A: 1) The correct sentence is: She denied hav-
verb. An adverb of manner tells us how Q: Çߪ’† tie/ shoes ¢ËÆæ’-èπ◊E ®√™‰ü¿’ - Please ter stands for. Here the vowels are more
ing seen him. In this sentence, the only
say in English. important than the consonants. Let them
somebody does an action. verb is, denied. 'Having seen' is not a verb.
first of all know, what sounds the letters, a,
Eg: Their teacher teaches well. Put the ques- A: He hasn't come in tie and shoes. Even in your sentence, 'She denied to have
e, i, o and u usually stand for. Eg: 'a' as in
tion 'how' to the verb - how does the seen him yesterday', which, of course is
cat, bat, rat, etc. 'e' as in bet, get, net, etc.
teacher teach? You get the answer, he incorrect, there is only one verb, denied.
Q: Uniform defaults go outside - (Here the and so on with the other vowel letters. Then
teaches 'well'. So 'well' is an adverb of 'To have seen him' is not a verb, but the
students don't wear tie & shoes) - Please let them know the sounds the consonant let-
manner. If a phrase (a group of words perfect infinitive. The verb 'denied' is past
say is the above correct or not. ters represent. Eg: b, d, f, g, (both the
without a verb) / clause (a group of verbs simple and the use of 'yesterday' is correct.
sounds í∫, -ï) etc. Teach them the combina-
A: Correct.
with a verb) tells us how somebody does
an action, it becomes an adverb phrase / Q: O’®Ω’ °æC džq®˝q îªü¿-´çúÕ ¢√öÀ †’ç* È®çúø’ '-≤ÚpÈé-Ø˛ -Éç-Tx-≠ˇ— §ƒ-ûª Ææç-*éπ-© éÓÆæç -îª÷-úøç-úÕ.. tion of sounds like, ch, sh, both the values
of th (-ü∑¿, -úø), etc. This is how you can teach
adverb clause of manner. džq®˝q Åúø’-í∫’-û√†’. O’®Ω’ Ø√èπ◊ îÁ§ƒpL ™‰üΔ www.eenadupratibha.net them spelling skills easily.
-Ç-C-¢√®Ωç 14 °∂œ-v•-´-J 2016 Ñ-Ø√-úø’ £j«-ü¿®√-¶«-ü˛ 2
O’ -v°æ-¨¡o-©’ °æç-§ƒ-Lq-† -*®Ω’-Ø√-´÷...
-≤ÚpÈé-Ø˛ -Éç-Tx-≠ˇ, -v°æ-A-¶μº -N-¶μ«í∫ç,
Ñ-Ø√--úø’ 鬮√u-©-ߪ’ç, -®√-¢Á÷-@ °∂œ-™¸t Æœ-öÃ,
£æ«-ߪ’-û˝-†í∫®˝ (-´’ç-úø-©ç), ®Ωçí¬È®-úÕf ->-™«x.
876 Email your questions to: pratibhadesk@eenadu.net

- Murthy N V K
Q: Sir, it was explained in the last lesson that
"will have" is the verb of the following
The openers love... - SK. Yusuf Ahmed, Nellore
Q: Sir, in High School level while teaching
prose lessons, which aspects we should
sentence. - Shivanarayana. D control to / to give power to. To follow?
"They will have to assure purchase of certain Q: Sir, please explain the meanings give loose rein to = To give rein to A: Teaching of prose lessons: First of all
items". But, it seems that "will have" doesn't for the following Idioms with = ÅCμ-鬮Ωç É´yúøç. To give only par- give the students the meanings of what
come under any of the six verb forms i.e., Examples: tial control = éÌçûª ÅCμ-é¬-®√Eo ´÷vûªç you think are difficult words for them.
1. be forms 1) To tread upon eggs É´yúøç. Then read out the sentences slowly. If the
2. be form + ing 2) To wash one's dirty linen in pub- sentence is short, you can ask the students
- Ravula Santhosh Kumar themselves to give the meaning of it. If,
3. be form + PP ( passive voice) lic
M. SURESAN Q: Sir, yesterday, I was reading on the other hand, the sentence is long,
4. doing words 3) Black and Blue
live commentary of cricket match break into different meaningful parts,
5. have, has, had, will have/ shall have ..etc. 4) To give loose rein to
between Australia and India. I saw the sen- explain the meaning of each part, and then
+ V3 A: 1) To walk very cautiously/ carefully/ to
tence mentioned below. go on to the whole sentence. Also keep
6. shall/ should/ will/ would ... etc + 1 RDW. deal with a situation very carefully. (î√™«
''The openers are loving the pace on the asking them contextual questions. This
Moreover, both will and have are helping
ñ«ví∫-ûªhí¬ †úø-´úøç/ î√™« ñ«ví∫ûªh °æú≈-Lq†
delivery''. will keep their attention on the lesson.
verbs and helping verb comes before main verb.
N≠æߪ’ç). This is how you can make prose lesson
2) To discuss ones's problem in public. (Åçü¿-J- Sir, you taught me in the earlier lessons that
This may please be explained in detail. less difficult for them.
be form + v + ing does not exist - Was the sen-
A: In the sentence, 'They will have to purchase
´·çü¿÷ ´’† ÅØ√-£æ…x-ü¿-éπ-®Ω-¢Á’i† ≤Òçûª N≠æ-ߪ÷©’
tence I read wrong? or was that a case of - Vishal Singhal, Nellore
of .... ' the verb is, will have. 'To purchase'
îªJaç--éÓ-´úøç).
Eg: If a wife and husband complain about exception? -Please clarify my doubt sir. Thank Q: In Wren & Martin the following sentence
is an infinitive and is not a verb. You can
each other in public, they wash dirty linen you. is given:
easily see that will have is in the form of,
in public. A: You are right. 'Love' is not used in the con- Eg: I met a little cottage girl - It is said that
will + I DW - that is, the last class verbs.
tinuous tense, that is, it is wrong to use the above underlined word is adjective,
Here, 'have' is not a helping verb but a main
'love' in the am/ is/ are loving form. The then what the word 'little' - Isn't this one
verb. Perhaps you know that 'have' is both a
correct sentence is, 'The openers love the called adjective? - Please clarify.
main verb with the meanings of possessing
/ owning, and eating / drinking something. pace of the delivery'. A: I met a little cottage girl - 'little' here is
also an adjective too.
- Ravuru Narasaiah, Puducherry - Murali Krishna
Q: They have been working here in the past/
Q: Sir, please let me know the use of the fol- Q: Sir, please clarify the following doubts. for the past three years - Please say the
lowing one in Telugu. 1) Difference between 'advice' and 'advise' difference.
'worth + verb - ing' with clear examples. A: They have been working here for the past
It is worth watching 3) We don't have the expression 'black and A: 'Advice' is noun (Ææ©£æ…). You give advice to three years - This alone is correct. 'In the
It is worth noting blue'. The correct expression is to beat somebody, take advice from somebody. past three years' - Wrong.
It is worth mentioning somebody black and blue = to beat someone Your advice is valuable. (Ææ©£æ… É´yúøç/ BÆæ’- Q: They have been working here during
It is worth listening severely. (¶«í¬ éÌ-ôdúøç) éÓ-´úøç). three years - Please say in Telugu.
What is the meaning of the above? 4) The correct expression is, to give rein to / to ★ 'Advise' is verb. You advise somebody. (ÉC A: The sentence is wrong. When you use
A: Worth = valuable / useful / fit . It is worth give loose rein to. 'To give rein to' = to give verb. Ææ©£æ… -É-´y-úøç). have / has been + ing, during cannot be
used.

-á-™« ®√-ߪ÷-©ç-õ‰..?
= it is valuable / useful / fit. It is worth
watching = it is useful to watch / fit to watch Q: Please let me know about 'Link verbs'.
(îª÷úø-ü¿-T†).
★ Worth noting = Useful to note (í∫’®Ω’hç-éÓ-ü¿-T-
†). Worth mentioning = useful to mention (=
Resume Don't ask me to refer to earlier lessons.
A: I have to ask you to refer to the past
lessons, because they have been explained
say)= (îÁ§ƒp-Lq†/ ûªT† N≠æߪ’ç). It is worth - Uppara Harish your tenth class marks. You write all this more than three or four times so far.
listening = N†-ü¿-T† N≠æߪ’ç. Q: Sir, I am pursuing diploma in Electrical clearly in a tabular form under the columns, - Sireesha M.
and Electronics Engineering in Govt. Educational Qualifications, years of study, Q: Namaste sir. Could you please explain the
Polytechnic college. I need to prepare a year of passing, class/grade/rank and the meanings of the following words?
resume for Campus interview. So, could percentage of marks, and the awards you i) Relish, cherish ii) Urge
you please tell me "How to prepare resume have got. A: i) Relish = enjoy something (something
for an interview for Diploma pursuing stu- ★ Next mention your extra-curricular activi- we eat / drink) very greatly.
dents". ties, the games you are good at, the games
A: Preparing a resume: you played for your institution, your hob-
★ Leave enough margin on the left of the bies. Include only the games you have
paper. played and the competitions you have par-
- Prasanna Kumar P. ★ Write 'Resume' at the center at the top of the ticipated in.
page. ★ Then submit that if you are selected for the
Q: Dear sir, please clarify the following: job, you will discharge your duties to the
★ Starting from the left margin, write your
The word generally used in banking when best of your ability. Sign the letter yours
name and address very clearly. Under the
one borrower is having an account with the faithfully.
last line of your address, write your phone
bank / branch is "The conduct of the account is number and email id. Then draw a line This is how you prepare your resume. Eg: You relish a dinner you have eaten, or an
satisfactory." When a borrower is having more across the page. - Kantipudi Kameswara Rao, occasion on which you felt happy.
than one account they use "The conduct of the Cherish = hold something very dear /
★ The next point is the statement of your West Godavari
accounts is/ are satisfactory". In the above sen- objective, briefly explaining, why you like Q: Sir, please clarify whether we can say 'It is keep in one's mind.
tence which is correct? Is / are? the job and why you want to do it. sufficient enough' Eg: You cherish your childhood memories
A: In both the sentences, 'The conduct of the ★ Then write the heading, My experience, if A: Sufficient = enough. As they have the (You enjoy remembering them)
account... and 'The conduct of the you are doing a job, and state in which com- same meaning, we use either enough or ii) Urge = 1) A strong and uncontrollable
accounts...' the subject is, 'conduct' and pany and in what position in that company sufficient, but not both of them together. desire or wish.
'conduct' is singular, so 'The conduct of the you are working. If you are applying for a Eg: He had the urge of becoming a software
account/ the conduct of the accounts.. is
satisfactory' is correct. Note that 'account/
job for the first time, then state your educa-
tional qualifications,starting from your
'-≤ÚpÈé-Ø˛ -Éç-Tx-≠ˇ— §ƒ-ûª Ææç-*éπ-© éÓÆæç -îª÷-úøç-úÕ.. engineer.
2) Strongly advise somebody to do some-
accounts' is not the subject of the sentence. highest qualification and going down to www.eenadupratibha.net thing.
-Ç-C-¢√®Ωç 21 °∂œ-v•-´-J 2016 Ñ-Ø√-úø’ £j«-ü¿®√-¶«-ü˛ 2
O’ -v°æ-¨¡o-©’ °æç-§ƒ-Lq-† -*®Ω’-Ø√-´÷...
-≤ÚpÈé-Ø˛ -Éç-Tx-≠ˇ, -v°æ-A-¶μº -N-¶μ«í∫ç,
Ñ-Ø√--úø’ 鬮√u-©-ߪ’ç, -®√-¢Á÷-@ °∂œ-™¸t Æœ-öÃ,
£æ«-ߪ’-û˝-†í∫®˝ (-´’ç-úø-©ç), ®Ωçí¬È®-úÕf ->-™«x.
877 Email your questions to: pratibhadesk@eenadu.net

- K. Venkat, West Godavari


Q: Sir please let me know the kinds of verbs/
Even if the PM recommends.. - Manasa, Vijayawada
Q: Sir, please explain the following conjunc-
Types of verbs. tions with Telugu meaning and how to use
A: There are mainly two types of verbs - - M. Ganesh 'The' we use, when we talk of them. 1) though 2) yet 3) although 4) even
1) Transitive verbs and 2) Intransitive verbs. Q: Hello sir, I have been confused something we have already referred 5) even if 6) even though
Transitive verbs have objects. That is, if by the use of articles. Can you to. A: 1) Though = 3) although = 6) even though
you put the question 'What'/ 'Whom', you get please explain where to use a, Eg: a) I bought a book yesterday. = Å®·-†-°æp-öÀéÃ.
an answer. an, the? The book is very interesting. Eg: Though/ although/ even though he is
Eg: a) He is eating a mango - The verb in the A: A/ an and the are called articles. In the second sentence we talk rich, he does not help others - Åûª†’ üμ¿E-èπ◊-
sentence is 'is eating'. Put the question 'A/ an' must be used before about the book we have already úÁj-†-°æp-öÀéà Éûª-®Ω’-©èπ◊ ≤ƒßª’ç îËߪ’úø’.
countable singulars in English. M. SURESAN 2) Yet = But = é¬F. He is rich, but/ yet he
'What' to the verb. mentioned in the first sentence.
Things we count like, one, two, does not help others = Åûª†’ üμ¿†-´ç-ûª’úË é¬F
★ He is eating what? - You get the answer 'a b) He met a man and the man told him that he
three, etc. are countables.
mango'. So it is a transitive verb. was from England.
Éûª-®Ω’-©èπ◊ ≤ƒßª’ç îËߪ’úø’.
Eg: book, man, town, river, etc. 4) Even = èπÿú≈. Even in America there are
b) She wrote a letter - The verb here is wrote. There are other uses of 'the'. Any good
Things we don't count but weigh or mea- poor people. (Å¢Á’J- é- ¬™ èπÿú≈ Hü¿¢
Put the question: She wrote what? You get grammar book will give you the uses of 'the'.
- √-∞¡ŸØ-x √o®Ω’).
sure like oil, sugar, milk, etc., are uncounta- ★ Even Dharmaraja lied = üμ¿®Ωt-®√V Åçûª-¢√úø’
the answer, a letter. So wrote (and so write) Please refer to them.
bles. No 'a/ an' before uncountables.
is a transitive verb.
èπÿú≈ Å•ü¿l¥ç îÁ§ƒpúø’.
★ A = an. However, before countable singu- - Ashok, Hyderabad 5) Even if =
c) Krishna helped Rama. The verb here is,
ÅC ïJ-T-†-°æp-öÀéÀ (ÉC Ü£æ…-ûªtéπç –
lars beginning with vowel sounds that is, Q: Sir, how to use the word "Rather than".
'helped'. Put the question, Krishna helped
´÷´‚-©’í¬ ï®Ω-í∫ü¿’, ï®Ωí∫úøç Åçô÷ Öçõ‰).
English words beginning with the Telugu Also please explain how to use the word Eg: Even if the PM recommends (very little
whom? You get the answer 'Rama'. So sounds, Å, Ç, É, Ñ, Ö, Ü, á, à, â, ä, ã, å, '"As such". Please explain the difference chance of their recommending) I will not
helped (and so help) is a transitive verb. 'an' is used, and before words beginning
between "left for" and "have been to" and give you the job. (v°æüμΔ-†-´’çvA ÅçûªöÀ ¢√∞¡Ÿx
2) Intransitive Verbs: Intransitive verbs do with consonant sounds, that is, sounds other
not answer to the question, whom/ what when to use these words with examples. Æœ§∂ƒ-®ΩÆæ’ îËÆœØ√, – ¢√®Ω’ îËߪ’úøç ï®Ω-í∫-éπ-§Ú-´îª’a
than 'Å' to 'å', 'a' is used.
A: 1) When we compare two things of differ-
– ؈’ Fèπ◊ ÖüÓuí∫ç É´y†’.)
★ He goes there everyday. Eg: a bell, a cat, etc. an umbrella, an idea, an Know the difference between even if, on the
The verb here is, goes (that is, go). Put the owl etc. ent kinds, we use rather than in the com-
one hand, and though/ although/ even though
parative degree.
question, go what (üËEo ¢Á∞¡xúøç)/ go whom (á´- ★ 'A/ an' is used with the meanings of one, on the other. All of them have the meaning:
JE ¢Á∞¡xúøç) – No answer. So 'go' is an intransi- someone, certain. Eg: a) I would rather walk than go by bus. Å®·-†°- pæ ö- éÀ .à But 'even if' talks of an unreal (Å¢√-
tive verb. b) He is rather industrious than intelligent. Ææh´)/ imaginary (Ü£œ«ç-è- π◊ØË) situation (°æJ-
I bought a book yesterday.
★ A good number of verbs have more than 2) As such = as things are ÆœAn ), whereas 'though/ although/ even though'
The book is very interesting.
one meaning. Such verbs may be transitive 3) Left for - The past tense of leave for = to refers to a situation that has taken place/ takes
with one meaning, and intransitive with start for a place. / to go to a place. place/ will take place. Ñ ´‚-ú÷ ø ïJ-T†/ ïJÍí/
another meaning. ★ He left for Delhi yesterday = He started for ï®Ωí- ¶-∫ ßË’ °æJÆ- A-nœ í∫’Jç* îÁ•’-û√®·.
Eg: The verb, run. Run has more than one Delhi and is perhaps there now. - Veena, Khammam
meaning - the first one, of course, is move 4) Have been to = visit / go to a place and stay Q: Sir, éÀçC v°æ¨¡o-©èπ◊ ûÁ©’-í∫’™ Å®√n©’ N´-Jç-îª-í∫-
very fast (°æ®Ω’-Èí-ûªhúøç). there for some time. ©®Ω’. Å™«Íí Ñ ¢√é¬u™x past tense áçü¿’èπ◊
★ He runs very fast. ★ I have been to Delhi a number of times.
¢√ú≈®Ó ûÁ©’-°æ-í∫-©®Ω’.
The verb is runs - Put the question, runs 1. I was just thinking what a long way it is.

-´·-ë«uç--¨»-©-ûÓ... Summary!
what (üËEo °æ®Ω’-Èí-ûª’h-û√úø’)/ whom (á´-JE °æ®Ω’-Èí- 2. Why do you want to know? No particular
ûª’h-û√úø’?) - No answer. So with the meaning reason. I was just wondering.
°æ®Ω’-Èí-ûªhúøç, 'run' is intransitive. 3. I wanted to know when it starts.
★ 'Run' also means, managing (†úø-°æúøç/ E®Ωy- A: This refers to the past. It means, 'till a few
minutes ago, I was thinking that it was a
- TVS Prakash Rao - Poojitha, Vijayawada
£œ«ç-îªúøç).
Eg: He runs a school. very long way off'. (éÌCl-ÊÆ-°æöÀ éÀçü¿öÀ ´®Ωèπÿ
Put the question 'What?' (üËEo) Q: Dear sir, thank you very much for helping Q: Sir, please tell me about the usage of for ؈-†’-èπ◊ç-ô’-Ø√o†’, ÅC î√™« ü¿÷®Ω-´’E.)
everyone of us to learn English. Kindly with instances. 2) I was just wondering = I was only trying to
He runs what? - Answer: a school, so runs,
clarify the following: A: 'For' has different meanings. know definitely. (ÅÆæ-™‰çöÀ N≠æߪ’ç ûÁ©’-Ææ’-éÓ-
here is a transitive verb.
Difference between the words and their 1) Purpose (ÖüËl¨¡ç) = I walk for exercise. ¢√-©-†’-èπ◊Ø√o).
Only transitive verbs have passive voice.
usages: 3) I wanted to know when it starts - not cor-
Intransitive verbs do not have passive voice,
(¢√uߪ÷-´’ ÖüËl-¨¡çûÓ)
1. Gist / Summary 2) Intended (ÖüËl-Pç-*†/ ÖüËl-Pç-îª-•-úÕ†/ éÓÆæç) = rect. The correct sentence is, I wanted to
except in imperative sentences (commands,
2. Illustration / Example This shirt is for Ramesh. (®Ω-¢Ë’-≠ˇ éÓÆæç). know when it would start (í∫ûªç™ ûÁ©’-Ææ’-éÓ-
requests, etc).
3. Rein / Reign 4. Bill / Invoice 3) Suitable for (ÆæJ-§ÚßË’) = This medicine is ¢√-©-†’-èπ◊Ø√o á°æp-úøC ¢Á·ü¿-©-´¤-ûª’ç-ü¿E) / I want
These are the two important kinds of verbs. to know when it starts / it will start (ÅC
A: 1) Gist = The central idea of a passage; for just born children. (Ñ ´’çü¿’ É°æ¤púË °æ¤öÀd†
There are other kinds too, but to be able to
Summary = a brief statement of the á°æ¤púø’ ¢Á·ü¿-©-´¤-ûª’çüÓ ûÁ©’-Ææ’-éÓ-¢√-©-†’-èπ◊ç-ô’Ø√o
write and speak good English, we need not
°œ©x-©èπ◊ ÆæJ-§Ú-ßË’C)
main points of a piece of writing. A gist - É°æ¤púø’). I wanted to know - I had the
know them. wish to know (in the past - í∫ûªç™ ûÁ©’-Ææ’-éÓ-
gives central idea of a passage and is
Q: ü¿ßª’-îËÆœ Ø√èπ◊ Åúøfçí¬ E™a¢√? áçü¿’-éπçõ‰ ´÷ ¢√-©-†’-èπ◊Ø√o). But sometimes it can refer to
therefore very brief. On the other hand
Ø√†o ´Ææ’h-Ø√oúø’. Çߪ’† ††’o îª÷úø-èπ◊çú≈ ÖçúËç- a summary contains all the main points the present too (äéÓ\-≤ƒJ -´®Ωh-´÷-Ø√-EéÀ èπÿú≈
ü¿’èπ◊. Please translate this into English. in the passage. DEo ¢√úøû√ç).
A: Please stand in front of me to hide me from 2) Illustration = example. An illustration how- Q: We feel difficulty/ difficult whenever/
my dad. ever has other meanings too. when we are asked to explain punctuation
- Srinivas, Nellore marks, how can it be overcome? Moreover
3) Rein = The leather straps by which you
is it necessary to learn punctuation marks
Q: The thief is said to have been caught. Is this control a horse.
and simple, complex & compound sen-
correct sentence? Can you explain this? Reign = Rule by a king.
tences to speak English fluently?
A: The thief is said to have been caught = peo- 4) A bill shows the amount you pay for some-
A: If it is only to speak English, you need not
ple say / somebody says that the thief has thing you have bought. 4) Having the desire of (éÓJéπ Öçúøôç) = I am
know punctuation marks and simple,
been caught. An invoice shows the amount you have to working for a good salary.
complex and compound sentences.
pay for things already delivered to you. (O’èπ◊ 5) Because (-Ç é¬-®Ω-ùçí¬) = He was not selected
'-≤ÚpÈé-Ø˛ -Éç-Tx-≠ˇ— §ƒ-ûª Ææç-*éπ-© éÓÆæç -îª÷-úøç-úÕ.. for he is short. (Åûªúø’ §ÒöÀdí¬ Öçúøôç ´©x
However knowing simple, complex and
°æç°œç-*†/ ´·çüË é̆o ´Ææ’h-´¤-©èπ◊ îÁLxç-î√-Lq† compound sentences can help you to have
www.eenadupratibha.net úø•’s†’ -ûÁ-LÊ° °ævûªç). áç°œ-éπ-´y-™‰ü¿’). variety in your speech.
-Ç-C-¢√®Ωç 28 °∂œ-v•-´-J 2016 Ñ-Ø√-úø’ £j«-ü¿®√-¶«-ü˛ 2
O’ -v°æ-¨¡o-©’ °æç-§ƒ-Lq-† -*®Ω’-Ø√-´÷...
-≤ÚpÈé-Ø˛ -Éç-Tx-≠ˇ, -v°æ-A-¶μº -N-¶μ«í∫ç,
Ñ-Ø√--úø’ 鬮√u-©-ߪ’ç, -®√-¢Á÷-@ °∂œ-™¸t Æœ-öÃ,
£æ«-ߪ’-û˝-†í∫®˝ (-´’ç-úø-©ç), ®Ωçí¬È®-úÕf ->-™«x.
878 Email your questions to: pratibhadesk@eenadu.net

- N.Srinivasulu, Adoni
Q: Sir, when and how to use the following
words/ expressions?
Pass the buck -Åç-õ‰..? -S.Nazim, Vizag
Q: Sir, please state the meanings of the fol-
lowing words and how to use them.
1. Compared to - Compared with - Jahnavi, Nandigama sometimes we use, 'and so', 'and 1. Lackadaisical 2. Inter alia
2. Attended - Attended to Q: Sir, once I used preposition dou- therefore' etc., but we don't use 'and 3. Carved a niche 4. Passed a buck on me
A: 1) Compared to = There is complete simi- ble (side by side) in one sen- and'. However, 'and so' is wrong. 5. Field day 6. Messed up
larity. tence. My principal observed 'So,' after a comma is OK. 7. Bonhomie 8. Lynched
Eg: He is compared to Bhima in strength = He and told me, it is wrong and He is tall so he can play well - A: 1) Lackadaisical = Lacking enthusiasm
and Bhima are similar. He is like Bhima in need not use side by side. Is it Correct. He is tall and so he can and determination, careless and lazy
strength. (There is no difference between apply for the articles, helping play well - not proper English, and (E®Ω’-û√q-£æ«çûÓ, ≤Ú´’-Jí¬, Åñ«-ví∫-ûªhí¬
the two). verbs and conjunctions? Where M. SURESAN the better expression is, 'He is tall Öçúøôç.)
✪ Compared with = see how far two things as, where we need not use words so he can play well. 'And therefore' Eg: The officer is lackadaisical about the
are similar. side by side. Please explain with example is OK. 'He had wasted a lot of money and distribution of rations for the flood-
Eg: There is no use comparing India with sentences. therefore became poor' - OK. affected.
Japan (If you compare the two countries, A: The use of double prepositions, that is, Q: Could you explain me where we have to 2) Inter alia = among other things.
you find a lot of difference). using two prepositions one after another, is use punctuation mark ',' comma in sen- Eg: The syllabus includes inter alia (among
2) Attend = be present at a place. not wrong. tences with examples? other things = N’í∫-û√-¢√-öÀ-ûÓ-§ƒô’) com-
Eg: We attend classes / office / a marriage, etc. Eg: He is a person from outside India. A: The comma is used 1) to separate more puter skills and electronics. (§ƒ®∏√uç-¨»™x
(£æ…-ï®Ω-´-úøç). This sentence is by no means wrong. than two things on a list, except the last N’í∫-û√-¢√-öÀ-ûÓ-§ƒô’, éπç°æ‹u-ô®˝ -ØÁj°æ¤-ùuç, á©-é¬Z-
✪ Attend to = discharge a duty. Without using from and outside - both are word, before which we use 'and'. Eé˙q Öçö«®·.)
Eg: He is attending to the arrangements for prepositions - how can we tell someone, that Eg: Vijayawada, Vizag, Rajahmundry and 3) Carve a niche = Assure a place for one-
the meeting. (NCμ E®Ωy-£œ«ç-îªúøç). he does not come from India? I cannot put up Nellore. (However, the Oxford Dictionary self as a famous person. (á´-È®jØ√ ûª´’-éπçô÷
Attend on = take care of (ñ«ví∫-ûªhí¬ îª÷Ææ’-éÓ-´úøç) with the heat of this place - here again, put and says, there should be a comma even äéπ v°æûËuéπ ≤ƒnØ√Eo Ææ秃-Cç--éÓ-´-úøç, ûª´’
Eg: When he was ill, his sister attended on with are prepositions, used side by side. before 'and'. So either is correct). v°æA-¶μºûÓ).
him. (®ÓTE ñ«ví∫-ûªhí¬ îª÷Ææ’-éÓ-´úøç/ Ææ°æ-®Ωu©’ This does not apply to articles (a/ an, and 2) Before a person's name, followed by his Eg: Swamy Vivekananda carved a niche for
îËߪ’úøç). the) or to helping verbs. You use one of the designation, position or office. Mr himself by spreading the message of
three - a / an / the. 'a' and 'an' are the same but Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India. Hinduism across continents.
the words before which they are used differ. 3) To separate a subordinate from a main 4) Pass the buck = blame somebody else or
We know the uses of 'the'. Sometimes we use clause: While he was singing, she was hold somebody else for a problem you
expressions like, I did do it, she has had a dancing. should deal with (´’† ûª°œp-üΔ-EéÀ ¶«üμ¿u-ûª†’
problem, he had had a bike before he bought 4) After a person's name, when we add his Éûª-®Ω’© O’CéÀ ûÓÆœ-¢ËÊÆ v°æߪ’ûªoç.)
this car - but in all these sentences, the first degrees to it. Dr Surendra, M.A., Ph.D. Eg: Everyone in the company is trying to pass
verb, did in did do, has in has had, had in had Always remember, a comma is used to the buck for the losses of the company.
had, etc., are helping verbs. Nor are conjunc- make the meaning of a sentence clear. For the 5) Field day = be free from usual work and
tions used side by side. Whereas is a single other uses of comma refer to a good grammar have an enjoyable time. (¶«üμ¿u-ûª-©†’ °æéπ\†
word, and not two words. Re. conjunctions, book. ¶„öÀd, ÊÆyîªa ¥í¬ Öçúøôç).
You observe from the table that the words

He came down ... like, down, about, etc., are not followed by a
noun or pronoun, they are adverbs, and that
when they are followed by a noun or a pro-
- Kaliprasada Rao, Vijayawada noun, they are prepositions.
Q: Dear sir, I have some doubts as to how we For example, when you say, 'He came
can identify some words which are used as down,' down adds to the meaning of down, so
adverbs as well as prepositions? Is there it is an adverb. In the sentence, 'He came
any identical sign to distinguish them? I down the stairs,' 'down' is followed by the
am giving below some such words for clar- noun stairs, so 'down' here is a preposition. Eg: The boss being on leave, the members
ification and explanation. - Potlapalli Hari Rao, Bobbili of the staff (Æœ•sçC) had a field day.
Down, about, before, after, in, off, on, over, 6) Mess up = spoil something (üËØÁj oØ√ §ƒúø’
Q: Please translate the following sentences
since etc - Please explain.
into Telugu.
îËߪ’úøç)
A: An adverb adds to the meaning of a verb, Eg: He fell down. Here, down is an adverb Eg: I asked him to be in charge of receiving
1) As mentioned in your orders, Rama was
that is, it increases the meaning of the verb. because it is not followed by a noun / pro- the visitors and he messed up the whole
considered negligent, which was beyond thing. (ÅûªEo ؈’ ÅA-ü∑¿’-©†’ ≤ƒyí∫-AçîË
If the words above are used to add to the noun, but adds / increases the meaning of
his control. But he has not committed any
meaning of the verb, they are adverb. If on fell. He came down the stairs. In this sen- °æEéÀ Eߪ’-N’ç-î√--†’, Åûª†’ üΔEo ¢Á·ûªhç
fraud or loss to the institution on his own. §ƒúø’ î˨»úø’ = Ææ´uçí¬ E®Ωy-£œ«ç-îª-™‰ü¿’ =
the other hand, if they are followed by tence, down is a preposition because it is
nouns or pronouns they are prepositions. followed by the noun, stairs. 2) As mentioned in your orders, Rama may be ¢Á·ûªhç éπç°æ¤ î˨»úø’).
considered negligent, which was beyond 7) Bonhomie = friendliness and sociability
his control. But he has not committed any (ÊÆo£æ«-°æ‹-®Ωyéπ ¢√û√-´-®Ω-ùç™ éπ©’-°æ¤-íÓ--©’í¬
Adverbs Prepositions
fraud or loss to the institution on his own. Öçúøôç.)
He came down. He came down the stairs. A: 1) O’ Çïc™ x ûÁL-°œ† Nüμ¿çí¬ ®√´’ ÖÊ°-éÀ~çîË Eg: The meeting between Prime Minister
The children were running about in the school. I don't know anything about the actor. Ææy¶μ«´ç éπ©-¢√-úøØË Åçü¿®Ω÷ °æJ-í∫-ùÀç-î√®Ω’. Modi and Pak PM Navaz Shariff was
He was sure he had met her before. He reached there before his friend. (°æJ-í∫-ùÀç-îª-•-úË-¢√úø’ – ÉC O’ ¢√é¬u-™xE pas- marked by bonhomie.
sive form - í∫ûªç™) – üΔE-éπ-ûªØËç îËߪ’-™‰úø’ 8) Lynch = hanging somebody without
I came to know that he had died soon after. She will be here after the festival. – é¬F ûª†ç-ûª- û√†’ ÆæçÆæn†’ ¢Á÷Ææ-Tç-îªúøç é¬F, proper judicial procedure (Ø√uߪ’-≤ƒn-Ø√-©èπ◊,
My mother came in a little late. The box was found in the room. ÆæçÆænèπ◊ †≠ædç éπL-TçîË °æE-í¬F îËߪ’-™‰ü¿’). §ÚM-Ææ’-©èπ◊ Å°æp-ñ„-°æp-èπ◊çú≈ üÓ≠æfl-©-†’-èπ◊†o ¢√∞¡x†’
As soon as he saw the police he ran off. The little girl fell off the car. 2) O’ Çïc™x ûÁL-°œ-†-N-üμ¿çí¬ ®√´’ ÖÊ°-éÀ~çîË Ææy¶μ«´ç •ßª’öÀ v°æï©’ îªçÊ°-ߪ’úøç.)
éπ©-¢√-úøØË Åçü¿®Ω÷ °æJ-í∫-ùÀ-Ææ’h-Ø√o®Ω’. (É°æ¤púø’) (°æJ- Eg: The mob lynched the man suspected to
He ran on and on until he got tired. He put the book on the table. be the murderer.
í∫-ùÀç-îª-•-úø’-ûª’-Ø√oúø’ - passive, as given in the
They crossed over to the other side. She put a blanket over the child. passage) - üΔE-éπ-ûªØËç îËߪ’-™‰úø’ – é¬F ûª†çûª
Ever since she has been afraid of him. The college has been closed since Monday û√†’ ÆæçÆæn†’ ¢Á÷Ææ-Tç-îªúøç é¬F, ÆæçÆænèπ◊ †≠ædç éπL- '-≤ÚpÈé-Ø˛ -Éç-Tx-≠ˇ— §ƒ-ûª Ææç-*éπ-© éÓÆæç -îª÷-úøç-úÕ..
last. Tç-îË- °æE é¬F îËߪ’-™‰ü¿’. www.eenadupratibha.net