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THE FUTURE IN THE SUBORDINATE CLAUSE

(after “if,till,when,as long as,as soon as”...)
I.Propozitia completiva directa poate avea verbul si la viitor:
1.You tell me you shall go to the concert.
2.I expect that you shall do your duty.
3.I wonder if she will have the minutes ready.
4.She doesn’t know when she will be back.
Re port: 1.=conform regulilor gramaticale stricte,in propozitiile care redau vorbirea
indirecta,se intrebuinteaza indiferent de persoana la care se refera,auxiliarul folosit de autorul
cuvintelor in stilul direct.Timpul respectiv se conformeaza insa regulilor corespondentei
timpurilor.
2.Completivele directe introduse prin THAT cer subjonctivul.adica SHALL sau
SHOULD la toate persoanele in loc de WILL sau WOULD,dupa verbele care sugereaza o
influenta asupra rezultatului actiunii verbului,de exemplu dupa“to be
anxious,demand,desire,expect,intend,order...+THAT
I am anxious that the right man shall be selected for the job.
We demanded that our children should be well looked after.
We expect that you shall overfulfil your pledge.
It is intended that a new building shall be put up on the site.
It was intended that a new building should be put up on the site.
The organizer order that they shall be provided with food for the trip.
Verbele “hope,fear,expect,in propozitiile urmatoare,nesugerand influentarea rezultatului,se
construiesc cu auxiliarul WILL:
I hope that you will come.
I fear that it will rain.
We expect she will get through her exam.
Compare:
I expect that you shall overfulfil ypur pledge.(“to expect” are aici influenta asupra
rezultatului)-Astept de la tine sa-ti depasesti angajamentul)
We expect that she will get through her exam.(“to expect” nu are influenta asupra
rezultatului)-Probabil ca va reusi la examen.
II.
Propozitiile conditionale,concesive,relative si temporale pot avea verbul la viitor,SHALL
fiind auxiliarul folosit in acest caz la toate persoanele pentru exprimarea ideii de
viitor pur:
If he shall come to the office tomorrow,I will let you know at once.(conditionala)
Even if she shall get a failure mark,she shan’t be scolded.(concesiva)
She will return the books which shall then be lent to other people.(atributiva)
Whatever proposal their experts shall make,shall be submitted for discussion.(relativa)
They want to wait here until the snow shall stop.(temporala)
In propozitiile din aceasta categorie se foloseste viitorul ori de cate ori este nevoie sa se evite
ambiguitatea creta prin inlocuirea acesuia cu alte timpuri,conform regulilor propozitiilor
sub.temporale sau conditionale.
If he comes to the office tomorrow,I will let you know at once.(etc)
III.
Intrebuintarea lui SHALL ,atunci cand nu este impusa de necesitatea lamuririi intelesului,
da o nuanta de pedanterie.
Even if she shall get a faillure mark,she shan’t be scolded.
Even if she gets a failure mark,she won’t be scolded.
Cand verbul “WILL” are intelesul de “a voi” sau cand alcatuieste forma de politete,el poate fi
intrebuintat in prop.subordonata:
I shall be grateful if you will take the trouble.

He made up his mind to stay until he should be sent for.........) (daca ar veni) 4..(ar sta) He made up his mind to stay until he were sent for..(subj...I told you I would let you know if he should come......I told you I would let you know if he would come..(Viitor pur)-vor face 3.concesive si temporale pot avea verbul si la viitorul fata de trecut: I told you I would let you know at once if he should come to the office......(va veni) They wanted to wait until the snow should stop..(viitor pur) 5.You told me you should go to the concert.......... b.....I told you I would let you know if he should come..(ought to) 5.......cand avem ambiguitate...-pana ce ar fi sa stea) 6.. Numarul propozitiilor in care poate aparea viitorul fata de trecut este redus prin faptul ca forma de viitor pur cu SHOULD poate fi confundata cu: a..(va face) V Propozitiile conditionale.....(s-ar trimite dupa el) 8.....(te vei duce) I wonder if she would have the minutes ready.....(viitor) .) (daca ar fi sa vina-improbabilitate) 3...(politete) If you SHALL send her to me.(a avea) She didn’t know when she should/would be back.......I will explain everything to her..... You told me you would go to the concert.(se va intoarce) He was full of plans of what he would do in the summer..)-or face 2.............) 4.(subj.. I said I should be grateful if you would come......echivalent al subj.........ought to Pentru acest motiv.(viitor-pana ce va sta) 7.....(s-ar trimite dupa el) Compare: 1..(va sta) He made up his mind there until he should be sent for........Compare: If you WILL send her to me..(subj..... They wanted to wait there until the snow stopped......They wanted to wait until the snow should stop............(viitor volitiv+viitor pur) (daca ar voi sa vina+va veni) 2.inlocuim SHOULD cu WOULD!!! Inlocuirea formelor SHOULD cu subj....in cazurile de ambiguitate se folosesc alte constructii.would be sent for...would stop..We assured them we would submit for discussion whatever proposal their experts should make...........(se va trimite) Din aceasta cauza.(se va trimite dupa el) VI Cand verbul”WOULD” are intelesul de “a voi” sau de politete poate fi folosit cu sens de viitor in conditionala: I thought I should meet her if she would let me......(ar face) I told you I would let you know if he came to the office.... Compare: 1..We assured them we would submit for discussion whatever proposal their experts would make... cu valoare de conditional da propozitiilor nuanta de conditional: We assured them that we would submit for discussion whatever proposal their experts made......(viitor pur) IV Propozitia completiva directa si relativa pot avea verbul si la viitor fata de trecut: You told me you should go to the concert.(Subj.....(subj.if he would come..I told you I would let you know if he came.I will explain everything to her...

(incorect-ambiguu!!!) John said that the previous year his brother had been to London where he had met a friend of John’s whom John liked best.”=She told her sister that the latter was happy to have such an interesting career.(este) I should think it sounded convincing. Interrogative: He asked me:”Shall I speak to her?” =He asked me whether he should speak to her.”=She says she will not hear from her son(volitiv) =She says she shall not hear from her son.”=John said that the previous year his brother had been to London where he had meet a friend of his whom he liked a lot.” =He said I should hear from him. “She shall hear from me”=He said I should hear from him.” =He said he would come if I should ask him.FUTURE IN THE PAST dar se traduce prin prezent.”=He thought he should ask her to marry him.”=They say they won’t have lunch now.indiferent de auxiliarul folosit! Conclusions: A.(viitor pur) “I shall not hear from my son.will=pers2.” =He told me I would be tired. .(suna) Do you think they are gifted? I wouldn’t say they were.(sunt) INDIRECT SPEECH-SPECIAL CASE Viitor pur(se mentine auxiliarul) She says:”I shall not hear from my son” = She says she shall not hear from her son.(intentia celui adresat sau despre care se vorbeste) “I won’t let you go!”=He said he wouldn’t let me go. “Last year my brother went to London where he met a friend of mine whom I like a lot. I wouldn’t know which of them was here.Verbul subordonatei unei regente care contine un conditional independent se pune la PAST.(intentia celui care vorbeste) Will=toate pers.Viitor pur: Shall=pers 1 will=pers.” =I promised her I wouldn’t forget to write. He said:”You will be tired. Aceste constructii au dezavantajul de a fi ambigue si sunt condamnate de puristi! “We shan’t have lunch now. Conditional: He said:”I would come if you should ask me.3(should-would) B.Viitor volitiv: Shall=toate pers.(corect!!!) She said to her sister:”You are happy to have such an interesting career.(viitor volitiv!)=They say they shan’t have lunch now. I asked:”Won’t you have a drink with me?”=I asked them if they wouldn’t have a drink with me. Viitor volitiv: I said to her:”I won’t forget to write. He thought:”I shall ask her to marry me. He said:”You shall hear from me.(viitor pur) He said:”I shall see them when they come home = He said he should see them when they came home.2.3. Tendinta de simplificare intervine in aceste cazuri:shall=pers 1.