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Newspaper Terminology

Advertisement or (ad): A message printed in the newspaper in space paid for by a
company, organisation or individual.
Banner/ Streamer: A headline in large type running across the entire width of the
Broadsheet: A newspaper printed on a large sheet of paper (approx.400 X 560 mm
for The Sydney Morning Herald ). Broadsheets are often considered to have a
greater depth of reporting.
By-line: The name of the writer of a news story or article. The name of Herald
journalists appear at the beginning of the story (sometimes in the standout). The
name of freelance journalists appears at the end of the news item.
Caption: Information accompanying a picture or illustration, usually underneath the
visual text.
Classified advertising: Advertising space usually purchased in small amounts by
the public and placed under a special classification.
Column: The division of space on a newspaper page. Single column, one column
wide; double column, two columns wide and so on.
Credit line: The acknowledgment of the source of a picture or story.
Cross heading: A sub-heading in type smaller than that in the main heading of a
news story, inserted to draw attention to a point of interest or to break up the text.
Dateline: Words (often in capital letters) at the beginning of a story giving the place
of the reported event (e.g. London, Paris).
Deadline: Time at which all copy of an edition must be in.
Dinkus: A small graphic symbol used to illustrate a regular column or a series of
articles on the same issue (e.g. Column 8)
Dummy: A scaled down version of the next issue of a paper with all display ads
pencilled in and an estimate of the classified advertisement volume. Editorial staff
cannot move or drop the ads, except for legal or other very pressing reasons.
Edition: One version of the newspaper for the day. Some papers may have three
editions with certain updates and changes from the previous ones. So there may be
several editions of one issue of a paper.
Editorial: The leading article or leader - a special column stating the opinion of the
editor usually on a key issue of the day. It is usually in a different type face, in a
special identifiable location. In larger papers editors have a say in the editorial but
several people are assigned to write the leader on various days.
Editorial cartoon: Cartoon which expresses opinions; appears on the same page as
the editorial.

where. Obit: An obituary .a biographical sketch of a person who has recently died. Op-ed page: The page opposite the editorial page. the headlines. Features are usually longer and written in a different style from news stories. Newsprint: grade of paper made of wood pulp used for printing newspapers. pictures or illustrations are reproduced to make possible the early corrections of errors. often found at the top of page one. management. television. amplify or provide background to news reports. why and how. indicating an article or articles inside that particular issue. It may itself be a short news item. Imprint: The matter printed in every issue of a newspaper or journal stating the title. Lead: The first few sentences or opening paragraphs of a news story containing the answers to who. Par: Newspaper abbreviation for paragraph. newspapers ) Masthead: The written name of the publication in a distinctive style. or future issues. which shows details of a story in visual form. usually placed on page one. etc. It usually contains columns and opinion pieces. Lead story: The main story on a page. Filler: Copy used to fill space. Also known as the ‘intro’. writing and editing news. photos and illustrations will appear on the page. . fashion and computers. when. design and lettering that appears on the front page and in reduced size on the editorial page. Index: Table of contents of each paper. They elaborate. ownership. what. Puff box: An item or 'house ad'. Headline. Mass media: Any of the various organisations transmitting news to a large number of people ( e. usually computer-generated. Graphic: An illustration. radio. They may also deal with subjects as varied as travel.g. Hard news: Stories which contain facts only and not opinion. Layout: The plan or sketch of how the stories. personal finance. Proof: A page on which newly set type. Display type placed over a story intended to catch the reader's attention and signal what the story is about.Feature: A story which concentrates on issues other than those with straight news value. Pointer: A line of type at the end of a story indicating related stories inside the paper. Logo: A trademark or symbol used to identify a company. Journalism: Process of collecting.

News Agencies Audit Bureau of Circulation (ABC) is a forum of the world's leading magazine and newspaper publishers. public utilities. These are known as wire services or news services. commerce. UPI licenses content directly to print outlets. entertainment. the size of The Sun-Herald. opinion. politics. continued on page 10. Tip: A suggestion as to where a news story can be obtained. technology.g. Round: A reporter's 'beat'. colour stories. verified information essential to the media buying and selling process. Scoop: A story published ahead of all competing newspapers. and radio and television broadcasters. Typo: Short for typographical error. Soft news: Stories that offer an unusual twist or angle to a hard-news story. businesses. etc. Syndicate: A business organisation that buys special kinds of material from writers or artists and distributes it to subscribing newspapers or magazines.Review: An account of an artistic event such as a concert or a play which offers critical evaluation. Australian Associated Press (AAP) is Australia's national news agency. Spill: The continuation of an article on another page. feature stories. AAP's main focus is on breaking news. Sub-editor: A journalist who edits and corrects reporter's stories. Spill line: The words indicating that a story is continued on another page. Reuter is an international newsagency covering breaking news in business. Tabloid: A newspaper size roughly equivalent to a folded broadsheet. Usually a regular assignment covering agencies such as politics. police. local government. United Press International (UPI) is a global provider of critical information to media outlets. The organisation was established in 1935. but it also distributes 'soft' news. DC. The organization provides credible. They also supply wire service news. governments and researchers worldwide. Stet: A direction by a sub-editor on a proof to say that some cancelled matter should be kept. magazines. e. filler material and photographs News agency is an organization of journalists established to distribute news reports to organizations in the news trade including newspapers. advertisers and advertising agencies. and more. online media and institutions of all types . These stories contain opinion. headquartered in Washington.