6 views

Uploaded by Saqr Hattab

an explanation for chapter 21 physics 2

- E1&E2[1].Physics LAB
- Mathematical Phys 01 Bar Lu of t
- ElecPwrpntMAJOR
- The Physics Classroom Elecktricity
- Coulomb's Law
- Electrostatics
- static electricity lesson
- electro magnetsim
- Sample of Electricity Chapter
- Attraction vs Repulsion
- 3 Electric Charges
- hc electrostatics.pdf
- Physics Paper3
- HW02 (1)
- CH2 FUNDAMENTALS OF ELECTRICITY.ppt
- Electrostatics and Energy
- 3M Low Voltage Joints Terminations Catalogue
- 8 Science Force
- NL Corporation M3700-M3701-M3740-M3741 100w MV R40 Square Spec Sheet 10-75
- KTET 2012 Question Paper for Category III Code 715 SET (A) QP

You are on page 1of 7

In this chapter we will cover

Properties of Electric Charges

Conductors and insulators

Coulombs Law

(combination of electric and magnetic phenomena). This physics is

the root of computers, television, radio, telecommunications, house

lighting, etc

centuriesuntil 1820, before exploring the connection between them

(physics of Electromagnetism)

that if a piece of amber ( )is rubbed and

then brought near bits of straw (), the straw

will jump to the amber due to this electric force

particles (atoms) making up the materials.

types of charges:

Charged object

Consider a positively charged glass rod suspended by a thread

neutral object.

rubbed together

* Hard rubber rubbed with fur rubber of negative charge (-ve)

* Glass rod rubbed with silk glass of positive charge (+ve)

weather; pieces of papers stick to

together and to the plastic comb,

charged materials

a) It is attracted to a -ve

charged plastic rod.

+ve charged glass rod.

(1706-1790) as positive and negative

Like charges repel and Unlike charges attract

Dr. Iyad

SAADEDDIN

charge is transferred from one object to the other.

Electric charge is always conserved

electrons are transferred from the glass to

the silk.

Silk will have ve charge and glass will

have equal amount of +ve charge

What Carries Charge?

Electric charge come from the particles making up the

basic unit of matter (the atom)

Atoms consist of:

Grounding

: The Earth is

Robert Millikan found, in 1909, that all charges are integer multiple of

an elementary charge e

Charge is quantized Any charged object must have a charge of

e, or 2e, or 3e, etc., but not say 1.5e.

q = ne (n =1, 2, 3, is an integer)

A neutral atom has

positive charges = negative charges.

The value of elementary charge e is

|e| = 1.60219 x 10-19 C.

Unit: In SI unit system , electrical charge

is measured in coulomb (C). The coulomb unit is derived from the SI

unit ampere for electric current i

(summary)

Usually denoted by q.

Dr. Iyad

SAADEDDIN

protons). In term of conductivity, we have 4 types of materials

Electrical Conductivity

Nonconductors

or Insulators

Semi-conductors

No movement of

charges within the Limited number of free

object (only very

carriers (intermediate

few can move). between conductors and

Like rubber,

insulators).

plastics and

Like Silicon and

glass

Germanium

perfect conductors,

allowing charge to

move without any

difficulty.

Charges move

freely.

Like Metals

(Cu, Ag, Al)

(HgBa2Ca2Cu3O8+)

structure and electrical nature of atoms.

by a distance r, there exist an electric force between these charges

superconductors

Conductors

Dr. Iyad

SAADEDDIN

fundamental law of electrical force between two

stationary charged particles using torsion balance.

An electric force has the following properties:

Inversely proportional to the square of the

separation, r, between the particles, and is

along a line joining them.

Proportional to the product of the magnitudes

of the charges |q1| and |q2| on the two particles.

Attractive if the charges are of opposite sign

and repulsive if the charges have the same

sign.

It is conservative force

Torsion

balance

Mathematical formulation for

coulombs law is electrostatic

force has a magnitude of

q1

q2

Fe = F = k

ke = k =

q1 q2

r2

(N = Newton)

1

= 8.99 109 N.m 2 C 2

4 0

0 = 8.85 10 12 C 2 N.m 2

0 is permitivity of free space

r

r

F12 = F21

Electrostatic force is a

force has a magnitude

and direction

sign repulsive force

sign attractive force

r

qq

F12 = k 1 2 2 r

r

mm

Coulombs law like Newtons law of gravity Fg = G 1 2 2

r

1

both are inverse-square laws (F 2 )

r

But Fe >> Fg between charged particles Fg can be neglected

Ex: in hydrogen atom, the forces ration between an the electron

and the proton separated by 5.3x10-11 m is (Fe/Fg 21039)

If there are more than two charged particles in a system,

then we can calculate the force on a particle by making vector

summation for the force of all other particles on that one

(super position principle).

particle 1 is

N r

r r

r

r

r

F1 = F21 + F31 + ..... + FN 1 = Fi1 = Fnet ,1

Particle

Charge ( C)

Mass (kg)

Electron

-1.60 10+19

9.11 10+31

Proton

+1.60 10+19

1.67 10+27

Neutron

1.67 10+27

i =2

N r

N r

N r

r

F1 = Fi1i + Fi1 j + Fi1k

i=2

Shell theorems for spherical

symmetry:

1- A spherical shell of

uniform charge Q attracts or

repels a charged particle q

that is outside the shell as if

all the shells charge were

concentrated at its center.

2- If a charged particle q is

located inside the spherical

shell of uniform charge Q,

there is no net electrostatic

force on the particle from the

shell.

i =2

For a spherical conductor, If excess

charge is placed on that conductor, the

excess charge spreads uniformly over

the (external) surface; charges repel one

another and tend to move apart

charges spread over the available

surface until they are uniformly

distributed

i =2

FQq = k

Qq

r2

surface of the conductors forming

spherical shell of charges

FQq = 0

distances between all pairs of the

excess distributed charges on spherical

surface forms a spherical shell of

uniform charge we can apply shell

Q is uniformly distributed on the

theorem for spherical conductors

surface of the conductors forming

charges.

spherical shell of charges

Dr. Iyad

SAADEDDIN

from previous slide q1=1.610-19 C and q2=3.210-19

(a) two positively charged particles, q1=1.610-19 C and q2=3.210-19 C, lies

on x-axis with separation between them R = 0.02 m, what is the electrostatic

force magnitude and direction on particle 1 from particle 2?

The force magnitude from 2 on 1 is

is placed between the first two particles at a

distance R from particle 1, find the net force

on particle 1.

Force of 3 on 1

(ve x-axis)

Note: force from 1 on 2 will have same magnitude but in opposite direction

The net force on particle 1 is

from previous slide q1=1.610-19 C and q2=3.210-19

(b) If third particle is removed and a forth

particle is added (q4= - 3.210-19 C) and placed

at a distance R from particle 1 and at angle

60 with x-axis, find the net force on particle 1.

Ex:Three point charges lie along the x axis as shown. The positive charge q1

= 15 C is at x=2 m, the positive charge q2 = 6 C is at the origin, and the net

force acting on q3 is zero (q3 is at equilibrium). What is the x coordinate of q3?

Force of 4 on 1

At x between the

two charges

Notes:1- equilibrium is always between similar charges,

2- equilibrium is not between different charges and near the small one

Dr. Iyad

SAADEDDIN

Two conducting spheres A and B with charge initially shown (a) connected and

disconnected as show. Calculate charge and force after disconnection for each case

Electrons transfere

from B to A

reaching equilibrium

qB=0

A and B are

momentary

connected by

conducting wire

triangle as shown in where q1 = q3 5 C, q2 = -2 C, and a = 0.1 m.

Find the resultant force exerted on q3.

Both will

have + Q/2

charge

Charge on A will A momentary

distributed on A connected to

ground

and B

A will have

no charge

from previous

r

F23 = F23 cos180i + F23 sin 180 j

r

F23 = 9i

Ex: Two identical small charged spheres, each having a mass of 310-2 kg,

hang in equilibrium as shown. The length of each string is 0.15 m, and the

angle is 5. Find the magnitude of the charge on each sphere.

If we look at only

one sphere (left)

free body diagram

for left sphere is

r

F13 = F13 cos 45i + F23 sin 45 j

r

= 7.9 i + 7.9 j

r

r

Hence, F3 = F13 + F23 = 1.1i + 7.9 j

Equilibrium

acceleration = 0 m/s2.

apply Newton 2nd law

Dr. Iyad

SAADEDDIN

from previous slide

Summary

But

and r=2a

+ve or -ve

Charge is discrete, conserved.

Like charges repel, opposites attract.

Types of materials : Insulators,

Semiconductors, conductors

Electrostatic force obeys Coulombs Law.

Dr. Iyad

SAADEDDIN

- E1&E2[1].Physics LABUploaded byalhassanth
- Mathematical Phys 01 Bar Lu of tUploaded byNelson Nascimento
- ElecPwrpntMAJORUploaded byJeralyn Sarona-Alabanzas
- The Physics Classroom ElecktricityUploaded byJohn
- Coulomb's LawUploaded byimanuelsukarno
- ElectrostaticsUploaded byFehmeed Alchemy
- static electricity lessonUploaded byapi-239295437
- electro magnetsimUploaded byYihun abraham
- Sample of Electricity ChapterUploaded byKari Eloranta
- Attraction vs RepulsionUploaded bymilous
- 3 Electric ChargesUploaded bydhayalasundaram5689
- hc electrostatics.pdfUploaded bykeshav agarwal
- Physics Paper3Uploaded byAkshay Wankhade
- HW02 (1)Uploaded byDhelia
- CH2 FUNDAMENTALS OF ELECTRICITY.pptUploaded byPinky Guinto
- Electrostatics and EnergyUploaded byAthena Huynh
- 3M Low Voltage Joints Terminations CatalogueUploaded bysunil601
- 8 Science ForceUploaded byAjay Anand
- NL Corporation M3700-M3701-M3740-M3741 100w MV R40 Square Spec Sheet 10-75Uploaded byAlan Masters
- KTET 2012 Question Paper for Category III Code 715 SET (A) QPUploaded byaglasem
- C8Phy11 Friction-Magnetic-Electrostatic-GravitationalForce Pressure InvertedGlassofWaterActivity PrincipleBehindWaterSupplyThroughPipes.pdfUploaded byanuk1989
- part fUploaded byapi-249720121
- course home1.pdfUploaded bySandeep Badiganti
- ElectrostaticsUploaded byMeeghan Xu
- Jee 2014 Booklet6 Hwt ElectrostaticsUploaded byvarunkohliin
- Physics ColloquiumUploaded byAndrea Finta
- Electrostatics 1Uploaded byshabbirtechnical
- 10th Electricity Mcq of Electricity for Practice Without Answer KeyUploaded byLakshya Bansal
- Dielectrics MC Questions.pdfUploaded byLynn Hollenbeck Breindel
- Introduction to ESD and ESD Events Part 4Uploaded bySopna Balakrishnan

- جابتر 10 ,, الدكتور اياد سعد الدين ,,, مهندسون نلتقي فنرتقي ,,S.k.A.H .pdfUploaded bySaqr Hattab
- جابتر 10 ,, الدكتور اياد سعد الدين ,,, مهندسون نلتقي فنرتقي ,,S.k.A.H .pdfUploaded bySaqr Hattab
- physics 2Uploaded bySaqr Hattab
- physics ll Ch. 27-1Uploaded bySaqr Hattab
- Ch. 29-1 physicsUploaded bySaqr Hattab
- StaticsUploaded bySaqr Hattab

- Functional Specification - Document ExampleUploaded byJohn Wesely
- Lesson TextUploaded byRashaM.Atwi
- Project Success Limiting Factors Monitoring TheoryUploaded byDavid Jane Molapo
- Intermediate Math ChallengeUploaded byDivina Gracia Barrion Cuya
- Male by Course (1)Uploaded byMohamed Ayman
- JD ExperitestUploaded bySushobhit Choudhary
- 68Uploaded byvasistaharish
- 8J Magnets and ElectromagnetsUploaded byPoornima
- Albers_CVUploaded byगौरव सैनी
- week 4 position paper on web duboisUploaded byapi-252323946
- Brain Mechanisms in Religion and SpiritualityUploaded bynts1020
- Oracle BPM TutorialUploaded bykbanat12
- Gender Equity and Opportunities in Irrigation and River Basin Planning and ManagementUploaded byADBGAD
- A Macat Analysis of Francis FukuyamaUploaded byAna Dominique Consulta
- Ieee 5g Roadmap White PaperUploaded byJAIRIT GARAVIT
- Understanding the New ISO Management System StandardsUploaded byCarlos Martinez
- Performance Appraisal syatem of Maruti Udyog LimitedUploaded by1254312543
- EdtechUploaded byYenYen
- Comp Freq LeadUploaded byСаша Петровић
- Advanced Algebra Days 15-27Uploaded byeclecticOTA
- 5.(CQHP) Guidelines for Sanitary.pdfUploaded byZEC LIMITED
- Infiniton Patent PRUploaded byKande Ramesh
- National Geographic History - January - February 2018.pdfUploaded by_Vezir_
- Fluid continumUploaded byToufiq Rahman
- Remote Sensing GeologyUploaded byStalin Bryan
- Hegel on Owning One's Own BodyUploaded byfreiheit137174
- A Study in ScarletUploaded byAmanda Budai
- Assessing Leadership and Measuring Its Effects.pptUploaded byBirendra Kumar
- Randolph B Persaud - american universityUploaded byrafmandgallo
- AISI S911-13_sUploaded byEdison Becerra