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Surname: Bourdon

Branch: Lamont
Origins: Scottish
More Info: Scotland
Background: A name
of great antiquity in south
Argyll, where at one
time the chiefs were
described as 'Mac
Laomain Mor Chomhail
Uile' - 'The Great
MacMacLamon of All
Cowal'. Although some
believe the name to be
Norman or French, the
family almost certainly
originated in Ulster.
Logmaor, meaning, in old
Norse, 'Lawman' or
'Law Giver', became in
Gaelic 'Ladhman', and it
is from a son of the great
O'Neill princes of Tyrone that the chiefs are said to descend. The Lamonts were also one time
called Macerchar, from Fearchar, the grandfather of the first Ladhman.

Motto: Ne oarcas nec sperna, Neither spare no dispose.
Arms: Azure, a lion rampant Argent, armed and langued Gules.
Crest: A dexter hand couped at the wrist Proper.
Supporters: The Arms in the hoist and of two tracts Azure and Argent, upon which is
depicted the Crest in the first compartment and the Badge in the second compartment, along
with the slogan 'Ardlamont' in letters Argent upon a transverse band Gules.
Badge: The Chief's crest, encircled by a band containing the motto, with the three eagle
feathers of a clan chief.
Plant: A sprig of crab-apple slipped Proper.
View the Heraldry Dictionary for help.

the stone is believed to have been transported to Scone.A round 500 AD. who is the ancestor of the MacNeills. Gillachrist had a son. MacLachlan (including Clan Gilchrist). During this time it is said that the Stone of Destiny was taken to Scotland by the Gaels that migrated to Argyll. From Anrothan's line came a man named Aodha Alainn O'Neil who had three sons: Gillachrist. who is the ancestors of the MacLachlans. the ancestor of the MacEwens. Then. is considered the Royal line from which Kenneth MacAlpine came from. Some sources say that these same Lamonts were known at one time as MacErchar from Fearchar (as in the original Dal Riata MacErc). Neill. evidenced not only by the previous name MacErchar and the tie with the original kingdoms of northern Ireland. MacEwens. who is the progenitor of the Lamonts. Fearchar. or Campbell . from which nine smaller clans are said to have sprung forth. and the Gilchrists. Neill. It is clear that this clan has very old roots in the Kingdom of Dalriada. Lachlan. he separates what is known as the Gallgael to give five major clans. This action was the start of the Scottish kingdom of Dalriada. are said to descend from the royal line of the O'Neill High Kings of Ireland (who mainly resided in great numbers in Tir Eoghain [Tyrone]. Considered the second of these great clans is the Siol Gillevray and within the sphere of influence of this group is clan MacNeil. The Gilchrists and MacLachlans. According to Skene in the Table of the Descent of the Highland Clans. for instance. MacSweens. and Ewen. From Fearchar came a son named Laumon and it is from him that the Clan Lamont received it's name. It is here that the Picts and the Scots became unified in 844 under the direction of Kenneth MacAlpine. The MacNeils. the King of the Irish Dal Riata. Our oral traditions and written history state that this invasion was led by the three sons of Erc. the Siol Alpin. and it became the Coronation Stone of the early Dalriadan kings at Dunstaffnage. Dunslebhe had two sons. and the region of Argyll) were : The Lamonts. a migration to southwest Scotland from the Irish kingdom of Dal Riata in northern Ireland took place. MacEwen. in the ninth century. like the MacNeils. The Lamonts are believed to descend directly from Anrothan O'Neill. and Lamont. who gave up his rulership in Ireland and moved to Argyll. Among the clans that dwelled within this Dalriadan kingdom (including the Outer and Inner Hebrides. One of these. and Dunslebhe. The MacEwens. the capital of the Southern Picts. but also from centuries old conflicts with the Clan Diarmaid. The Lamonts. northern Ireland).

the much reduced Clan Lamont had a fairly peaceful history. Black Knight of Lochawe. Laumon's grandson. Queen Elizabeth. As the Queen Mother. who held their land as vassals of the High Steward in Bute. if this tradition is correct. Dunoon is a place of grim memory for the Lamonts. After defeating a Campbell force in the heights above the point the Royalist army mustered at Toward and then harried far and wide in the Campbell lands. who had been knighted by King Charles. maintains that a son of Sir Laumaon. crossed Loch Long in boats provided by the Lamonts and landed at the Point of Strone. Sir John. the reverse of the Lamonts. Archibald. the chiefs brother.. In 1646 the Campbells made a concentrated attack on the Lamont castles of Toward and Ascog..More on the Lamont Memorial After 1646. came a great down turn in the Clan's fortunes. or the Great Lamont in English. the Queen Elizabeth II is a Lamont on her mothers side ! In the early 1300s. finally having the . had to flee Cowal as a result of a murder. There the Campbells carried out one of the massacres which stain their clan's history. after much shilly-shallying. is a Lyon of Glamis. The Lamonts had their share in this killing and plundering particularly in North Cowal. Sir Laumon's mother is believed to have been a daughter of the great Somerled. ancestor of the MacDonalds. Tradition. the Campbells ignored the terms of capitulation. When Bruce was secure on the Scottish throne the Lamont Chief suffered with the House of Lorne and the Clan's land was claimed by the king's loyal supporter. He took the name of Lyon from the Lamont arms. Few clans can document their existence at such an early date. signed a charter granting lands to the Paisley Abbyll This charter isstill in existence. a blue lion on a silver field. and chose as his arms. and they attacked the old tower of Kilmun and the bishop's house in Dunoon. and founded the Lyons of Glamis.Sir Laumon. and Sir Colin Campbell was beheaded. The Lamonts of Ardlamont. where some were hanged The Chief and his brothers being kept prisoner for five years. supported by a genealogical work of 1682 found in Inveraray Castle. however. with Colkitto's fighting Irish. In the 17th century wars of Montrose. and. The Chief and his close kin were hustled away to Inveraray.In 1235. The Clan Lamont Society in 1909 raised a monument on the spot where so many met their deaths. It was 16 years before the ringleaders of the massacre were brought to justice. Campbell. may have fought in Bruce's bodyguard at Bannockburn. By the end of the 14th century a great deal of the original territory of the clan had been lost . Sir John. About 100 were shot or stabbed to death and another 36 of 'the special gentlemen' of the Lamonts were hanged from a tree in the churchyard and dead and dying were buried in pits. and thus began a feud between the Lamonts and the Campbells which continued on and off for centuries in spite of considerable intermarriage . 14th chief. Sir Walter Scott refers to Sir Laumon in Antiquary as "Lamon mor ". The survivors of the defenders were carried in boats to Dunoon and in the church were sentenced to death. He then threw in his lot with Montrose the Royalist general. supported the MacDougalls of Lorne against Robert the Bruce. when the garrisons surrendered under written guarantee of liberty. joined Argyll's Covenanting army and in the inglorious rout of that force at Inverlochy he and his brother were taken prisoner.

Lamont. MacIlwhom.2000. . MacLamond. Brown. MacLucas. MacGorrie.1860. Clement. Elvin . Lambie.1994. MacLuckie. Landers. Sir Bernard Burke . Toward. Whyte. MacLymont. When the power of the Chiefs was eliminated. MacClement. Lamondson. (17731829) 19th Chief. Blake. With the destruction of the Clan system in 1745. White. Lamond. Scottish Clans and Tartans. As was the case with the Lamonts. and substituted the more profitable sheep.good sense or luck to not get involved with any more losing causes. Lucas. where chiefs cleared the land of crofters. Scottish Clan and Family Encyclopedia. so was their need for dedicated clansmen to protect and expand the clan lands. MacIlzegowie. and the arts. Douglas. MacErracher. The result of this. in time. Lemond. over the years. Blaikie. A Handbook of Mottoes. MacPatrick. This may have been due to the fact that they were now pretty well surrounded by Campbells. MacGillegowrie. Lamb. Blaik.1991. Alexander Fulton . Limond. Meiklem. Blackie. Sadly. Sorley. MacPhun. Neil Grant . John Swainson (1926-1994) Governor of Michigan 1960's. Turner.1842. MacMunn. was the infamous Highland clearances. Lamont Wall Street financier. to achievements in science. MacPhorich. Colin Lamont (1754-1851) a famous Astronomer. MacKerchar. Paterson. even before 1600. On a more positive note. the military. some chiefs tended to sell off the clan lands instead of shifting to sheep. Clans and Families of Scotland. Forsyth. Towart. MacAldowie. the structure of Highland society was changed for all time. MacAlduie. Ian Grimble . World Tartans. Luckie. Starting very early. MacEaracher. government. Limont. Major General John Lamont. We stayed out of both the 1715 and 1745 Jacobite uprisings. Luke.2001. Luck. the Lamonts have tended to devote the energy once expended in battling Campbells. Bourdon. Lyon. Patrick. Scottish Clans and Tartans. George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire . C. Lammie. Broun. and Norman Lamont British Chancellor of the Exchequer in the early 1990's are just a few examples. there are now none of the ancestral lands in Lamont hands. and are now one of the most widespread of clans. Lemmon. MacLuke. MacKerracher. Burdon. Thomas W. Iain Zaczek . Lamonts have tended to disperse. MacClymont. Name Variations: Black. MacSorley. as a result of this policy. Meikleham. MacLemon. who always sided with the English government (To their great profit). Burden. The General Armory. Munn. MacIldowie. MacFarquhar.1973. Lammond. MacGilledow. References: One or more of the following publications has been referenced for this article. MacErchar.N.

Modern Ancient ! Download JPEG The Burdens of Feddal and Others of the Clan By George Burden | Wed. 2014 at 7:00 am | 4 Comments . May 28.

swore fealty to Edward I in 1291 by the banks of the River Tweed. Archibald Menzies. James Burden. England. Here the Burdens would remain until the late 1800’s. the Burdens “…of Auchingarrich and Feddall claimed descent from the family of Lamont of Inneryne. who was married to his . 4th of Auchengarrich submitted an account of his family to the Lord Lyon which was attested and verified by the then Chief of the Lamonts. though other accounts describe how a Lamont. James Burden was no doubt a Jacobite. near Braco. Perthshire. in Argyllshire. he was known to be a crack swordsman and once challenged the famous Scottish outlaw. sympathetic to the Stuart claim to the throne of England and Scotland. We do know that his son-in-law.” In the 16th century the Burden’s owned estates in Auchingarrich but by 1659 had extensive lands including a mill in Feddal. Sir Walter Burdone. A colourful character. the younger James took possession of Feddal. his son. an actual barony) also agreed to pay homage to the English king. though originally from Durham. Contemporary accounts indicate that comprising almost 1000 acres and with almost 1000 pounds annual revenue. and Rogier de Burghdone of Blackadder (yes. According to The Red Book of Perthshire. Blackadder) in 1567. When James Burden died in 1710.e. no doubt reluctantly. the family’s connection with the Clan Lamont goes back to a younger son of King Robert III of Scotland in the late 1300’s. has a long and interesting presence in Scotland going back to the middle of the 13th century and it is a known and respected sept (or subgroup) of the highland Clan Lamont. We see documents going back to this time when William de Bourdon witnessed a charter of Scottish King Alexander III. Depending on which sources you believe. sought refuge with and assumed the name of Burden at their castle in Feddal. John Burdoune is recorded as being the reader at Balquhidder (i. fleeing the persecution of his clan. Rob Roy. Feddal was one of the most productive estates in Perthshire.The Burden family.

sold his estates for the then very handsome sum of 32. For example this same motif is found in the arms of the Bourdon de Plessix family in Brittany. Interestingly.” Other branches of the Burden family achieved the status of nobility in Sweden for service to King Charles X and in France as well. the last recorded Laird of Feddal. Miss Mary Campbell. Burden. in whose house she was brought up followed the fortunes of the Prince to battle. while a child. was never more heard of. France. The following obituary in the 1833 edition of The Gentleman’s Magazine explains his fate: “Scotland-August 18. Scottish court records of the 1800’s show that members of the Burden family were involved in an acrimonious legal dispute. George Marshall in The Genealogist reports that the Burden “…family seems to have had a tendency to scatter. a member of Assembly of Jamaica 1675. The word “bourdon” means pilgrim in French and for all branches of the family the coat of arms is the “Bourdon Or” depicted as one of more golden pilgrim staves. . the Laird of Feddal and Shawn. Two of his grandsons married into the Vanderbilt family. sister to the late Mrs.500 pounds and emigrated to the colonies. alive or dead. Perhaps as a result of this in 1878 George S. Graham Burden of Feddal. aged 90. She was led. Australia newspaper. then the United States. (die) At Muthill. Her uncle. M. the last Lord of Feddal. Scotland in the early 1800’s and emigrated to Canada.daughter Margaret.e.” Henry Burden left Perthshire. He subsequently becoming a wealthy steel magnate and was the first to invent a machine to mass produce horseshoes. for in the West Indies were a governor of the Bermuda Islands 1622 and Colonel John Bourden. Bonnie Prince Charlie) pass from Falkirk to Culloden. He is reported as having died in 1902 in an Adelaide. to see the retreating forces of Charles Edward (i. However. went off to join Bonnie Prince Charlie as the Battle of Culloden in 1746.

His adventures and misadventures included being rammed by a steamship in the Mediterranean. Captain Burden treated himself to front row seats at a bull fight. sinking in the mid-Atlantic and running aground at Cape St. The Cecil Jr. Newfoundland. Captain Eugene “Gene” Burden was an Antarctic explorer who surveyed some of the last unexplored coastline in the world in the 1940. The Burden Passage at the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula was named for him. My grandfather. sailed three masted tern schooners all over the world in the early 1900’s. “Robert J. .My great uncle. It was received in 1929 after he ceased going to sea. Once while in Spain. Dale” can still be seen there to this day. Mary. The remnants of the schooner. Captain Burden received only the 9th certificate for a Master of a Coastwise Vessel issued in Newfoundland. Captain George Burden. Apparently the bull jumped over the barricade and ended up almost on top of him causing him to scramble up and into the private box of King Alfonso XIII.

The Robert J. . Dale The Burden Museum and Gardens in Baton Rouge. Lousiana was once the Windrush Plantation belonging to the Burden family from the mid-1800’s until donated to Lousiana State University by the family.

Marshall. Part 2. The Genealogist: Volume III pp. 1879 2. the Burden family still appears to be alive and kicking.Burden House. George Bell and Sons.. Volume 103. Who knows where we’ll turn up next? REFERENCES 1. Johnstone. 2014 by Gordon MacGregor 4.145-150 – by George W. LL. Dead End Gene Pool. Dunblane Traditions : Being a Series of Warlike and Legendary Narratives. The Red Book of Perthshire. (1887) by John Monteath E. &c. Bookseller MDCCCXXXV . Biographical Sketches of Eccentric Characters. Burden Gardens: Louisiana State University Despite Vanderbilt descendant Wendy Burden’s book. Volume 154. 1833 3. Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries London.D. The Gentleman’s Magazine. Covent Garden.