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Jurisdiction In Civil Cases

SUPREME COURT
ORIGINAL
EXCLUSIVE
Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against the:
Court of Appeals
Commission on Elections
Commission on Audit
Sandiganbayan
CONCURRENT
With the Court of Appeals
Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against the:
Regional Trial Court
Civil Service Commission
Central Board of Assessment Appeals
Court of Tax Appeals
Other quasi-judicial agencies
National Labor Relations Commission
With the Court of Appeals and Regional Trial Court
Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against courts of the first
level and other bodies; and
Petitions for habeas corpus and quo warranto
With the Regional Trial Court
Actions against ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls
APPELLATE
Petitions for review on certiorari against the:
Court of Appeals
Sandiganbayan
Regional Trial Court in cases involving:
the constitutionality or validity of a treaty, international or executive
agreement, law, presidential decree, proclamation, order, instruction,
ordinance or regulation
the legality of a tax, impost, assessment, toll or a penalty in relation thereto;
the jurisdiction of a lower court
only errors or questions of law
COURT OF APPEALS
ORIGINAL
EXCLUSIVE
Actions for annulment of judgments of the Regional Trial Court
CONCURRENT
With the Supreme Court
Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against the:
Regional Trial Court
Civil Service Commission
Central Board of Assessment Appeals
Court of Tax Appeals

Other quasi-judicial agencies


National Labor Relations Commission
With the Supreme Court and Regional Trial Court
Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against courts of the first
level and other bodies
Petitions for habeas corpus and quo warranto
APPELLATE
ORDINARY APPEALS from the
Regional Trial Court
except in cases exclusively appealable to the Supreme Court
Family Courts
APPEAL BY PETITION FOR REVIEW from
Court of Tax Appeals
Civil Service Commission
Central Board of Assessment Appeals
Securities & Exchange Commission
Land Registration Authority
Social Security Commission
Office of the President
Civil Aeronautics Board
Bureaus under the Intellectual Property Office
National Electrification Administration
Energy Regulatory Board
National Telecommunications Commission
Department of Agrarian Reform under R.A. 6657
GSIS
Employees Compensation Commission
Agricultural Inventions Board
Insurance Commission
Philippine Atomic Energy Commission
Board of Investments
Construction Industry Arbitration Commission
Any other quasi-judicial agency, instrumentality, board or commission in the
exercise of its quasi-judicial functions, such as voluntary arbitrator
PETITIONS FOR REVIEW from the Regional Trial Court
in cases appealed from the lower courts
REGIONAL TRIAL COURTS
ORIGINAL
EXCLUSIVE
Actions wherein the subject matter is not capable of pecuniary estimation
Actions involving title to or possession of real property or an interest therein,
where the assessed value of such property exceeds PhP 20,000.- [in Metro
Manila, PhP 50,000.-]
except forcible entry and unlawful detainer
Actions in admiralty and maritime jurisdiction where the demand or claim
exceeds PhP 100,000.- [in Metro Manila: PhP 200,000.-]

Matters of probate, testate or intestate, where the gross value of the estate
exceeds PhP 100,000.-[in Metro Manila: PhP 200,000.
Actions involving marriage and marital relations
Cases not within the exclusive jurisdiction of any court, tribunal, person or
body exercising judicial or quasi-judicial functions
Actions and special proceedings within the exclusive original jurisdiction of
the former Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court and of the Court of
Agrarian Relations as now provided by law; and
Other cases where the demand or the value of the property exceeds PhP
100,000.- [in Metro Manila: PhP 200,000.-]
exclusive of interest, damages, attorneys fees, litigation expenses and costs
CONCURRENT
With the Supreme Court
Actions affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls
With the Supreme Court & the Court of Appeals
Petitions for certiorari, prohibition and mandamus against the lower courts
and bodies
Petitions for habeas corpus and quo warranto
APPELLATE
All cases decided by lower courts in their respective territorial jurisdictions
METROPOLITAN, MUNICIPAL & MUNICIPAL CIRCUIT TRIAL COURTS
ORIGINAL
EXCLUSIVE
(1) Actions involving personal property valued are not more than PhP
100,000.- [in Metro Manila: PhP 200,000.-]
(2) Actions demanding sums of money not exceeding PhP 100,000.- [in Metro
Manila: PhP 200,000.-]
exclusive of interest, damages, attorneys fees, litigation expenses and costs
(3) Actions in admiralty and maritime jurisdiction where the demand or claim
does not exceed PhP 100,000.- [in Metro Manila: PhP 200,000.]
exclusive of interest, damages, attorneys fees, litigation expenses and costs
(4) Probate proceedings (testate or intestate), where the gross value of the
estate does not exceed PhP 100,000.[in Metro Manila: PhP 200,000.-]
(5) Forcible entry and unlawful detainer cases
(6) Actions involving title to or possession of real property, or any interest
therein, where the assessed value does not exceed PhP 20,000.- [in Metro
Manila: PhP 50,000.-]
exclusive of interest, damages, attorneys fees, litigation expenses and costs
(7)Provisional remedies where the principal action is within their jurisdiction
DELEGATED
Cadastral or land registration cases covering
lots where there is no controversy or opposition
contested lots where the value of which does not exceed P100,000.SPECIAL

Petitions for habeas corpus in the absence of all Regional Trial Court Judges
in the province or city
SUMMARY PROCEDURE
Forcible entry and unlawful detainer cases
irrespective of the amount of damages or unpaid rentals sought to be
recovered
All other court cases except probate proceedings, where the total claim does
not exceed P10,000.- exclusive of interest and costs
* Based on the Judiciary Act of 1980, as amended