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CONSTRUCTION SAFETY HANDBOOK ADNOC CIVIL PROJECT DIVISION Page 0 of 74

CONSTRUCTION SAFETY HANDBOOK

ADNOC

CIVIL

PROJECT

DIVISION

HANDBOOK

ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

FOREWORD

As member of ADNOC Group of Companies, ADNOC CIVIL PROJECT DIVISION manages civil construction projects of ADNOC and its Group of Companies in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. It is the policy of ADNOC to conduct activities in a manner designed to minimize HSE risk to a As Low as Reasonably Practicable (ALARP) Level and empower employees and line management staff to be accountable for the HSE Performance and to refrain from actions that are considered as threat to HSE values.

ADNOC CPD is dedicated in full implementation of strong and upright HSE Management System and this can be observed through our demonstration of positive safety culture in every project site and collective effort of our Contractor’s to achieve continual improvement in HSE Management System.

In line with ADNOC Corporate Objective, this handbook was designed to provide the necessary information, guidelines, potential hazards and the precaution to be adopted while you are at site to achieve safe work environment and to ensure that every employees’ complies with the site safety requirements.

The aim of this handbook is to;

Effectively improve employees understanding and awareness to

Construction Site safety management at site Ensure contractor is aware on the basics HSE requirements of ADNOC

CPD for each construction Site.

ADNOC Civil Project Division recognizes the importance of promoting Health & Safety of all employees, including visitors and Contractors in construction Site and we believe that Management and Employees mutual objective in complying ADNOC Code of Practice, UAE Laws and Regulations and applicable International Standards will provide benefits not only to the employee but also to the Company.

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HANDBOOK

ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

SAEED NASSER AL AHBABI

CIVIL PROJECT DIVISION MANAGER

CONSTRUCTION

SAFETY

GUIDELINES

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HANDBOOK

ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

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ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY HANDBOOK 4
ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY
HANDBOOK
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HANDBOOK

ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

INTRODUCTION

As integral part of ensuring that every employee working with Civil Projects Division of Abu Dhabi National Oil Company complies with health, safety & environment requirements, this safety handbook have been designed to highlight the minimum safe work practices and standard related to the major hazards and causes of fatalities occurring in the construction industry. The information and guidelines written on this handbook will provide standard HSE Procedure that you will be required to follow in your daily work activities. While this handbook contains details of site safety requirements in the form of checklist, it must be stressed that this is not a substitute for formal training in the correct method of instruction or replace the specific Health & Safety standards laid down on Code of Construction Safety Practice. The content list will help the reader to find the particular section

appropriate to create and maintain safe working conditions at the Construction Site.

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HANDBOOK

LEADERSHIP& COMMITMENT

ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

ADNOC CIVIL PROJECTS DIVISION expects that every Contractor Management continuously demonstrate responsibility for the Environment, Health and Safety of their Employees and also the Employees of its business partners who may be affected by their activities and that the Management complies with the local legislations and international standards.

Total involvement and commitment of all levels of Management as well as each individual is necessary for the effective implementation of all aspect of safety and protection of environment at its work place.

ADNOC CIVIL PROJECT DIVISION would like to Welcome You and we hope that every detail written on this handbook will be rewarding.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ADNOC HSE POLICY INTRODUCTIONS LEADERSHIP & COMMITMENT

SECTION I

SAFE WORKPLACE

  • 1.1 SAFETY & HEALTH TRAINING/VISITORS

  • 1.2 GENERAL SAFETY RULES, REGULATIONS & CODE OF DISCIPLINE

  • 1.3 OPERATIONS PRINCIPLE

  • 1.4 BARRICADES & SIGNS

  • 1.5 SCAFFOLDING

  • 1.6 LADDER

  • 1.7 WORK AT HEIGHTS

  • 1.8 WORKING OVER WATER

  • 1.9 EXCAVATIONS& TRENCHING

    • 1.10 HAZARDOUS ATMOSPHERE/HYDROGEN SULFIDE

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ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

  • 1.11 CONFINED SPACE

  • 1.12 ELECTRICAL SAFETY

  • 1.13 ISOLATION/ LOCK OUT TAG OUT

  • 1.14 OCCUPATIONAL NOISEEXPOSURE

  • 1.15 OFFICE SAFETY

  • 1.16 HOUSEKEEPING

  • 1.17 LIGHTING & ILLUMINATION

  • 1.18 FIRE PREVENTIONS

  • 1.19 EMERGENCY RESPONSE PROCEDURE

  • 1.20 ROOF WORKS

  • 1.21 STEEL STRUCTURE WORKS

SECTION II

PERMIT TO WORK SYSTEM

SECTION III

PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT

SECTION IV

PLANT MANAGEMENT

4.1

EQUIPMENT & VEHICLE SAFETY

4.2

DRIVING SAFETY

4.3

MOBILE/PLANT VEHICLES

4.4

MACHINE GUARDING

4.5

CONVEYOR SAFETY

4.6

COMPRESSOR

4.7

HOIST

SECTION V

ROAD WORKS

5.1

SAFETY ZONES

5.2

ADVANCE SIGNS

5.3

AHEAD SIGNS

5.4

ROAD WORK CHECKLIST

5.5

TRAFFIC ROUTE IN CONSTRUCTION SITE

SECTION VI

ACCIDENT REPORTING

 

6.1

REPORTING PROCEDURE

6.2

PROCESS FLOW

SECTION VII

HAND/POWER TOOLS

 

7.1

STORAGE

7.2

ELECTRICALLY OPERATED TOOLS

7.3

AIR OPERATED TOOLS

7.4

CARTRIDGE ASSISTED TOOLS

7.5

POWER SAW

 

7.6

HAND HELD CIRCULAR SAW

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7.7

ABRASIVE WHEELS

HANDBOOK

  • 7.8 WELDING & CUTTING

  • 7.9 RADIOGRAPHY SAFETY

SECTION VIII

ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

LIFTING AND RIGGING OPERATIONS/COLOR CODING

SECTION IX

MANUAL HANDLING

SECTION X

CONTROL OF SUBSTANCE HAZARDOUS TO HEALTH

10.1

HANDLING OF CHEMICALS

10.2

HANDLING HIGHLY FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS

SECTION XI

DEMOLITION

 

SECTION XII

WORKPLACE VIOLENCE/HORSE PLAY/ALCOHOL

 

SECTION XIII

ADVERSE WEATHER CONDITION

13.1

RAIN

13.2

COLD WEATHER CONDITION

13.3

EXTREME HEAT CONDITION

13.4

SAND STORM

13.5

STRONG WINDS

SECTION XIV

ENVIRONMENT

SECTION XV

WASTE MANAGEMENT

SECTION XVI

TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT

SECTION XVII

HEAT STRESS MANAGEMENT

SECTION XVIII

WELFARE FACILITIES

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ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

  • 18.1 DRINKING WATER

  • 18.2 WASHING FACILITIES

  • 18.3 SANITARY CONVENIENCES

  • 18.4 CAMP MANAGEMENT

SECTION XIX

MEDICAL ARRANGEMENT

  • 19.1 MEDICAL FACILITIES

  • 19.2 FIRST AIDER

  • 19.3 FIRST AID EQUIPMENT

  • 19.4 EMERGENCY FIRST AID TREATMENT

SECTION XX

AWARDS AND RECOGNITION

HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY 18.1 DRINKING WATER 18.2 WASHING FACILITIES 18.3 SANITARY CONVENIENCES 18.4 CAMP
  • 20.1 CONTRACTOR AWARD AND RECOGNITION

  • 20.2 COMPANY APPRECIATION AND AWARD

SECTION XXI

HSE INSPECTION

  • 21.1 FREQUENCY OF INSPECTION

SECTION XXII

HSE AUDIT

  • 22.1 FREQUENCY OF AUDIT

ABOUT SAFE WORKPLACE

Basic safe work practices should be observed by every employee working on the job site. The objective of the safety program is to prevent injuries and to allow you to do the job efficiently and safely.

All employees must follow Safe work practices giving every possible aid to enable safe operations and be responsible for their own safety and has the duty to prevent injuries and incidents, also be a part of the Safety program by reporting all unsafe conditions or practices to their Supervisor or Safety Representative.

The vast majority of work related injuries are the result of unsafe acts and poor behavior of workers, when they take shortcuts and violating safety regulations or not considering safety seriously.

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PREAMBLE

ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

ADNOC CPD don’t want this book to be another safety manual. We don’t want you to go through hundreds and hundreds of pages filled with technical information. This is not to undermine the value of safety manuals, but they (like

all professional manuals) are intended for specific people.

However, the thing with

safety is that we all need to know about it. Why? Because safety in a construction

project can affect the life’s of all working in (and out) of the projects.

Fatalities,

Injuries, Environmental pollutions and property loss can result if safety is not implemented.

Pictures are the core of this book. The most important thing with pictures is that there is nothing to read. Just a glance and you will understand the situation. Pictures can be informative and fun.

Important Notes:

This handbook is written for civil construction. Pictures in this book represent a fraction of the possible unsafe conditions at a construction site. But don’t worry; you are not here to remember every possible unsafe situation. No one can do that. Your goal should be to understand site safety rules and requirements. Then you can apply your knowledge on any situation.

Why Bother with Safety?

Let us make something clear from the beginning: “Safety WILL interfere with work and cost money”. You will need to do site inspections, meetings and training, which requires effort and time. In addition, money is needed to buy safety equipment and hire safety professionals.

In short, implementing safety will not be easy.

But,

why

bother?

The

answer is simple. The pay back is worth it. The construction community has enough data and examples showing that implementing proper safety programs can reduce accidents. Accidents are the REAL interference to a construction project. If repairing a faulty electrical grinder can delay work by half an hour, then an accident caused by that grinder can delay work for hours and even days.

The protection cover is damaged, you need to
The protection cover is
damaged, you need to
Why are you always ? th b i
Why are you always
?
th
b
i
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ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY HANDBOOK 1.1 SAFETY & HEALTH TRAINING/VISITOR Safety Training is an essential component
ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY
HANDBOOK
1.1
SAFETY & HEALTH TRAINING/VISITOR
Safety Training is an essential component of an effective Company safety
program. Employees need to be trained in the recognition and avoidance of unsafe
conditions as part of company profitability and professional development. The
development and maintenance of a safe working culture can only be effective if
everyone is included and actively involved in the training. The use of training is an
invaluable means of involving those most at risk
The primary aim of the site HSE induction is to
provide new employee with a brief overview of HSE
policies, procedures practices and hazard
communications at Contractor’s operations and to
provide them with a basic understanding of their
own HSE responsibilities. After completion of the
site HSE induction training, Contractor must provide
induction sticker to workforce helmet for
identification that every workers on site is safety
Toolbox . talks are essential reminder for the potential
inducted.
hazard associated with the planned work and accordingly
execute control measures prior to start the work. It is
also an effective means of increasing HSE skill of workers
on the risks involved and the precautions required in
their daily activities. Implementing an efficient system of
conducting daily toolbox talks by Supervisors can play a
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HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY Visitors and Non Full Time Employees All visitors and non-full time

HANDBOOK

ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

Visitors and Non Full Time Employees

HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY Visitors and Non Full Time Employees All visitors and non-full time

All visitors and non-full time employees will be given a brief site safety induction

prior visiting the site. It is the duty of the employee who is being meet, who arrange

their visit, or the senior employee whom the employee is reporting to

ensure they 12
ensure they
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are safety inducted. The induction will cover PPE requirements, site specific hazards,

HANDBOOK

ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

emergency and accident reporting procedures. Visitors and non-full time employees

should sign the safety induction sign-off sheet.

REMEMBER

If you get an injury at a construction site, We assure

you it will be more than a tiny cut.

It will definitely

hurt and your life can be affected. A tiny paper cut

will not make you feel comfortable doing normal

things like holding a pen or even peeling an orange.

What more if you caused an accident to another

worker? Can you handle the feeling of guilt? People

who do so, even by mistake have difficult time

sleeping and enjoying their

day. .

Many cases were

reported of people committing suicide because they

were in the driver seat in car accidents. They

couldn’t live with the fact that they survived and

some of their passengers died.

Your loved ones can get injured in civil construction. Your loved ones deserve to be

protected, don’t you agree? They deserve a safe workplace. The thing to consider

is that every worker in a civil construction project is a “loved one” of some body

Accidents can cause death. Preventing accidents will not prevent death, but at least

you can go peacefully

HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY emergency and accident reporting procedures. Visitors and non-full time employees should

Becoming disabled can take many things away from you. It can take some of your

freedom, some of your income and even some of your enjoyment of life. Ultimately

people will forget about accidents, try not to carry a daily reminder of it.

Accidents can put a stop and or delay to your project and ruin Company reputation.

At worst

..

can bring financial dilemma.

People do go to jail if they caused accidents. Managers and laborers, no one is

protected. Law is increasingly standing beside Safety.

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ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY 1.2 GENERAL SAFETY RULES, REGULATIONS AND CODE OF DISCIPLINE Every Contractor’s

1.2 GENERAL SAFETY RULES, REGULATIONS AND CODE OF DISCIPLINE

Every Contractor’s employee is made aware of HSE rules and Code of discipline

during induction before being placed at site. Safety notice will be issued to those

who found not complying with the HSE requirements.

HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY 1.2 GENERAL SAFETY RULES, REGULATIONS AND CODE OF DISCIPLINE Every Contractor’s

Everyone

has

a

responsibility

personal

for

safety

for

themselves and others who may

affected by their

be

action.

 

Never do anything

 

that

is unsafe in

order to get the job

done.

Management and supervision will promote by personal

example safe behavior and set best possible standards.

 

Obey all safety warnings and adhere to every instructions

Do not remove or disable safety devices!

 

Possession or use of alcohol & non-prescription drugs,

deadly weapon, gambling and manhandling will lead to

immediate dismissal.

 

PPEs should always be used with other items such as eye

protection

glasses,

ear

mufflers,

and

dust

masks as

required.

 

Never operate a piece of equipment unless you have been

trained and are authorized.

 

Horse play, running and fighting are prohibited

 

Clean up spills immediately and accumulation of scrap

materials is not allowed, maintain good housekeeping.

 

R

ll t

l

l

d

li

ft

h

Contractor is that every

HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY 1.2 GENERAL SAFETY RULES, REGULATIONS AND CODE OF DISCIPLINE Every Contractor’s

1.3 OPERATION’S Principles

The Company expectation

to

every

employee complies with the Creed of Operational Excellence to

avoid any work stoppage that cause delay on milestone. As a

Contractor of ADNOC Civil

Projects,

are responsible and

Always operate within design and environmental limits

you

authorized to report any work that does not comply with this

principle and there will

Always operate in a safe and controlled condition

be

no repercussions

to

you. This

is

our

commitment

Always ensure safety devices are in place and functioning

Always follow safe work practice and procedures

Always maintain integrity or dedicated system

Always comply with all applicable rules and regulation

Always address abnormal conditions

Always

follow

written procedures

for

high

risk

or

unusual

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situation

HANDBOOK

ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

1.4 BARRICADES/SIGNS

Barricades and signs are required around all excavations, holes or openings in the

floor or roof areas, edges of roof & elevated working

platforms; around certain types of overhead work,

Radiation activities &wherever necessary to warn people

about existing hazards. Line management is responsible

for ensuring that safety signage and barriers are erected

and maintained in good condition and suitable for the

area of work. Anyone who makes a hole or opening is

responsible for having it barricaded.

Erection of barricades

Barricades must be 42 inches high, square & level.

Keep 4 feet back from the edge of excavations, holes,

platforms & roofs unless a protective barricade is

used.

HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY 1.4 BARRICADES/SIGNS Barricades and signs are required around all excavations, holes

Erect a barricade before the hole is cut & extend it as the excavation progress.

Never attempt to cross barricade and avoid short-cuts.

Any barrier removed to carryout work must be replaced before leaving the area.

in signs Abu displayed exposed Blinking erecting Numerous While operating heavy equipment’s, maintain Return barricades to
in
signs
Abu
displayed
exposed
Blinking
erecting
Numerous
While operating heavy equipment’s, maintain
Return barricades to the barricade storage when they are no longer needed.
rule
close
if
a
to
one
one
and safety signage and barricades shall be made as per
Leave an entrance, opening or gate where practical.
to people and equipment, warning signs must be clearly
lights must be used on road blocks after dark.
Hard Barricades must be provided to excavation
barricade around the general area
excavations in one area may be barricaded efficiently by
EHSMS Code of Practice. Ensure adherence with warning
Dhabi

proximity to a trench or other excavation i.e. for an 8 feet (2.5m) depth stay at

least 8 feet (2.5m) away from wall of excavation

1.5 SCAFFOLDING/SUSPENDED SCAFFOLDING

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Scaffolding are commonly used for working at height and

there is a potential risk for the scaffolder (person working

on a scaffold) to fall from an incomplete scaffold during

the erection and dismantling of a scaffold.

Every scaffold that is available for use needs to be able to

prevent employees falling. Guardrails, toe boards and

similar barriers should be provided.

Any scaffold must be designed, erected, altered and

dismantle by competent/certified people under the direct

supervision of competent supervisor.

Complete scaffold shall

be

inspected

each

week

HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY  Scaffolding are commonly used for working at height and there

thereafter and immediately after alteration or relocation. After each inspection,

a competent person shall fill out and place a tag on the scaffold.

Ensure that materials used during construction cannot fall to the ground.

Working platform should be wide enough to allow people to pass safely and use

any equipment or material necessary for their work

Any ladder used in the conjunction with scaffolding must be in good condition, of

sufficient strength and securely located.

A
A

scaffold

collapse

can

Scaffold must be based

capable

of

supporting

the weight

of

the

scaffold

and

the

loads

likely to be placed on it.

Third Party Certification

is

required for

any

scaffolding

erected

 

than

10

meters or

more

on a firm level foundation

as per the scaffolding condition requirement

involve multiple fatalities.

HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY  Scaffolding are commonly used for working at height and there

Check the scaffold components for any defects

Do not use damaged scaffold components

Scaffolding tag procedure to be followed to know the status

of the scaffold.

Green Tag is Safe to Use. Red Tag is not safe to use.

Any damage to scaffolds, false work, or other supporting structures shall be

immediately reported to your supervisor and repaired before use. (For further

information please refer Annexure N 2.13) Re-inspection required after an

adverse weather condition

MAST CLIMBER/CRADLE/MOBILE ELEVATED WORKING PLATFORM

Before using access equipment for the first time, users should clarify

16 whether the
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whether the

equipment is suitable and fit for the purpose intended. This will include checking the

following:

HANDBOOK

ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

The equipment is capable of fitting closely to (but not so that it will collide with

or snag on), the building; Maintenance log need to be developed and maintained

as required.

Any buffers or rollers fitted to protect the cradle from swinging into the facade of

the building will run against suitable features on the building.

 

The building is capable of carrying the loads placed upon it, particularly under

the counterweights and under the fulcrum (or pivot) point of the outrigger.

Jib spacing matches the cradle length.

 

Where the

platform

can

also

travel

along

the

building, end stopper

(mechanical arrester/limit switch)must be in place and secured; tension rope

(wind arrester) must be provided if cradle erected in a row or beside dynamic

vertical transportation

 

The length of the suspension rope is sufficient to allow the longest drop which

may be made.

All lifting tackle and ropes have been tested, certificated and examined by a

competent person.

 

Electric cables are laid out so that no excessive physical loads are applied to

junction boxes or similar vulnerable parts and that they will not get trapped or

damaged;

A fall arrest device operating on a secondary safety rope (grab rope assembly) is

provided and used. User must be well aware of emergency procedures including

manual descending

 

The cradle or platform has the correct safe working load notice firmly attached to

it.

There is safe access, normally at ground or roof level. Guard rails and toe boards

at the edge of the roof or other protection may be needed. Climbing up or down

the ropes or jumping into or out of the cradle or platform should not be allowed.

The supplier has provided adequate operating instructions and is capable of

providing adequate technical support and training with certificate as necessary

to the user of equipment.

A

Prestart-up check must be conducted after

maintenance works to ensure that all components are

safely installed and in-place.

 

1.6 LADDER

Always inspect a ladder for defects before use and

remove defective ladder out from service

Do not use broken or homemade ladders. Inspection

tag must be provided to ensure safe to use

HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY  The equipment is capable of fitting closely to (but not

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ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

Ladders shall be placed so that the horizontal distance

from the base to the vertical plane of the support is

one-fourth (¼) the ladder length between supports (75

deg to horizontal).

The feet of a ladder should be placed on a firm footing.

Each

ladder should be tied

assistant when in use.

off

or firmly held

by

an

Ladder should extend approximately 3 feet (1 meter)

over an elevated area.

Stepladders shall be fully opened and locked before

use.

top two

top two

When ascending or descending a ladder: (Maintain 3 points of

contact)

hold on with both hands; maintain 3-point contact

always face the ladder;

rungs

and never use

the last

never slide down a ladder; no lone working allowed

ensure shoes or work-boots are free from oil and grease;

never climb higher than the third rung from the top of a

straight or extension

ladder and

the

second

tread

from the

top

of

a

stepladder;

Only one person should be on a ladder at a time.

 
 

aluminum or metal

ladders shall

not

be

used when working on or around live electrical wiring and energized
used
when
working
on
or
around
live
electrical
wiring
and
energized

rooms.Insulated ladder is required

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1.7 WORK AT HEIGHTS

All work at height is properly planned & organised.

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ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

Those involved in work at height are trained and competent

 

The location where work at height to be safe always.

Equipment for work at height is appropriately inspected and controlled.

The risks from fragile surfaces are properly controlled.

 

The risks from falling objects are properly controlled.

Use an existing place or means of access and appropriate personal fall

protection must be used when working at elevation higher than 1.8 meters. Work

at heights to be undertaken by competent supervision.

 

Use the most suitable way of working

 

Select the most suitable equipment

All work at height takes account of weather conditions that could endanger

health & safety

 

Just

remember a risk assessment

is to be written to

control the hazards and

communicated to the people

 

Rescue procedure is in-place for working at Heights and drills are conducted

regularly.

1.8 WORKING OVER OR NEAR WATER

Majority of drowning occur in inland water such as lakes, reservoirs,

canals, pits. Leisure swimming is totally different from unplanned, sudden

immersion to water. The possible causes of unplanned entry to

water are falls from heights, trips and slips, out of balance, failure

or absence of barriers, collision with moving objects or

HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY  Those involved in work at height are trained and competent

equipment’s. Safe system of work shall be adopted while working near

or over the water. Company requires Contractor to follow the listed

safety control measure to prevent any accidental entry to the water;

  • 1. Access and working space.

    • a. Suitable and sufficient access and working area shall be provided.

    • b. Movement of mobile equipment’s and materials shall be considered while allocating the working area.

  • 2. Illumination and signage

    • a. When working at night, adequate illumination shall be provided to the working area and nearby water.

    • b. Appropriate signage shall be fixed near the edge of water to warn operatives.

  • 3. Edge protection

    • a. Suitable and sufficient edge protection shall be provided to protect plants and operatives from falling into water.

  • 4. Scaffolds

    • a. Scaffolding i.e. conforming to Abu Dhabi EHSMS Code of Practice shall be erected over water if reasonably practicable.

    • b. Scaffolds shall be erected by authorized and trained scaffolder.

    • c. Scaffolds should be suitable for the purpose.

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    • 5. Safety net

    HANDBOOK

    ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

    • a. If above control measures are not practicable, suitable and

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY a. If above control measures are not practicable, suitable and sufficient

    sufficient safety net shall be erected as close as

    possible to the working level.

    • b. Safety nets shall be erected by qualified person only.

    • c. Proper care should be given to the nets to reduce

    unnecessary damaged.

    • d. Safety nets should be periodically checked and tested. All

    checking and testing should be recorded.

    6. Safety harness and belts

    1. Safety harness or safety belt shall be provided to the operatives if

    scaffold and safety net cannot provide.

    2. Suitable and sufficient anchorage and lifeline shall be provided

    along with safety harness and belt otherwise it should not be

    provided to the operatives.

    Rescue Equipment’s:

    The risk of accidental entry to water still exists even though necessary control

    measures have been applied. Basic emergency equipment such as life jacket

    or buoyant work vest and ring buoys shall be provided. Ring buoy shall have at

    least 30 m of line. Distance between ring buoys shall not exceed 60 meters. At

    least one life-saving boat shall be made immediately available at locations

    where employees are working adjacent or over water.No lone working shall be

    permitted

    1.9 EXCAVATION& TRENCHING

    Any man made cut, cavity, trench or depression on an earth surface formed by

    earth removal is known as Excavation. A trench is a long narrow excavation created

    by removing soil &/or stones.

    Potential Hazards:

    Risk due to the presence of underground obstructions,

    pipelines, cable and services.

    Collapse of adjacent soils burying workers in the

    excavation.

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY a. If above control measures are not practicable, suitable and sufficient

    Accidental fall in the trench for those who work in and around the area.

    Falling or rolling over of objects or mobile equipment being used near

    trench.

    Presence of Toxic gases and O2 deficiency.

    Safety Precautions:

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    HANDBOOK

    ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

    Evaluate site condition pre and post excavation.

    Consider nature of soil to be excavated and soil

    surrounding the excavation

    Ensure stability of adjacent structures.

    Locate any underground obstructions such as

    pipelines, utilities and cables.

    Identify any source of soil vibration.

    Assess traffic on adjacent road path

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY       Evaluate site condition pre and

    Moving machinery

    near the edge of the excavation can cause a collapse.

    Approval on Excavation Notification from respective

    asset owners & authorities

    Ensure that a risk assessmenthas been carried out

    on the work site considering method of excavation and

    protection of pipelines / services and it is communicated

    to all workers involve in the task.

    Gas test to be done to confirm the absence of any

    flammable or toxic atmosphere at the site of excavation

    Secure the edge of the trench through suitable

    means such as shoring, sloping and benching

    Provide access or steps at regular intervals.

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY       Evaluate site condition pre and

    Crossing bridges over excavation to carry sufficient load

    Barricade the site and post warning signs to alert the people about hazards.

    Inspect the excavation/trench on every shift before entering,No worker may enter

    a

    trench with vertical

    wall

    5

    ft.

    or

    greater.

    Monitor dewatering

    facilities and

    illumination.

     

    1.10 HAZARDOUS ATMOSPHERE/HYDROGEN SULFIDE

    Hydrogen Sulphide

    (H 2 S) is deadly especially when you don’t understand and respect its danger. H 2 S is

    a naturally occurring gas by the decomposition of plant and animal materials.

    Properties and Characteristics

    Toxic gas

    Not visible

    Rotten egg smell

    Heavier than air

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    HANDBOOK

    ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

    Soluble in water

    Highly flammable

    When burn emits SO 2

    Effects of Exposure limits (ppm – Parts per million)

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY    Soluble in water Highly flammable When burn emits
    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY    Soluble in water Highly flammable When burn emits

    Up to 100ppm you will experience rotten-egg smell,

    burning eyes and respiratory tract irritation.

    If 100ppm prolonged you lose your sense of smell,

    headache, dizziness and coughing

    100 to 300ppm causes drowsiness, severe

    throat irritation,

    eye and

    Respiratory difficulty due to fluid in lungs

    300 – 600ppm will cause loss of reasoning and balance

    and eventual

    Unconsciousness.

    Exposure above 600ppm will cause immediate death.

    Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL) is 10ppm - Employee can work under this

    Exposure 8 hours for 5 days a week.

    Short Term Exposure Limit (STEL) is 15ppm – Exposure not more than 15minutes

    H2S can be detected using air monitoring systems like Multi gas detectors and

    Personal monitors.

    Mechanical ventilation using fans and blowers and gas test to be done before

    entering in to confined

    space. If you

    suspect H2S, evacuate the area

    immediately.

    Protection from H 2 S

    When you are in the area where H2S is the potential hazard you

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY    Soluble in water Highly flammable When burn emits

    must

    wear

    approved

    personal

    protective and respiratory

    protective equipment. Two common types of PPE are

    Self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA)

    Supplied air breathing apparatus.

    To avoid exposure to H 2 S

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY    Soluble in water Highly flammable When burn emits

    Know how to use air monitoring devices

    Ensure that enough fans and blowers are being used

    Know the direction of the wind

    In case of H 2 S emergency hold your breath

    Put on your breathing apparatus

    Proceed to your assembly area

    Don’t attempt to rescue anyone alone. Always proceed in pairs

    Protect yourself first. Don’t become another victim

    1.11 CONFINED SPACE

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    HANDBOOK

    ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

    Confined space is an enclosed or partially enclosed space that:

    Is not primarily designed or intended for human occupancy.

    Has a restricted entrance or exit by way of location, size or means.

    Can represent a risk for the health and safety of anyone who enters, due to one

    or more of the following factors:

    o

    Its design, construction, location or atmosphere.

    o

    The materials or substances in it.

    o

    work activities being carried out in it, or the

    o

    mechanical, process and safety hazards present

    Confined spaces can be below or above ground.

    Confined spaces can be found in almost any workplace.

    Examples of confined spaces include silos, vats, hoppers, utility vaults, tanks,

    sewers, pipes, access shafts, truck or rail tank cars, aircraft wings. Ditches and

    trenches may also be a confined space when access or egress is limited.

    Hazards in Confined Space

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY Confined space is an enclosed or partially enclosed space that: 

    Poor air quality like oxygen deficient or enriched

    atmosphere and toxic gas

    Chemical exposures due to skin contact or ingestion as well

    as inhalation of

    'bad' air.

    Flammable atmosphere

    Process-related hazards such as residual chemicals, release

    of contents of a supply line.

    Safety hazards such as moving parts of equipment,

    structural hazards, entanglement, slips, and falls.

    Temperature extremes including atmospheric and surface.

    Shifting or collapse of bulk material.

    Barrier failure resulting in a flood or release of free-flowing solid.

    Uncontrolled energy including electrical shock.

    Radiation, Noise, Visibility and Biological hazards.

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY Confined space is an enclosed or partially enclosed space that: 

    Possible control measures for work in confined spaces

    Identification of the authorized and competent person

    Risk assessment& Permit to Work System

    Isolation procedures

    Atmospheric testing and the need for air purging

    Portable electrical equipment, communication aide

    Lighting and ventilation

    Access and egress

    Requirement for a stand-by person and identification with log

    Emergency equipment, rescue procedures and first aid facilities

    Signs and barriers to prevent unauthorized access

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    HANDBOOK

    ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

    Education and training of all persons working in or involved with confined space

    entry

    Other hazardous conditions apply (hot work, working at heights or excavation)

    Potential for hazardous conditions to result from the work activities.

    Maintain continuous communication & emergency notification with workers in

    the confined space

    1.12 ELECTRICAL SAFETY

    Working with electricity is extremely dangerous and need to make sure that all

    necessary safety precautions are taken in the electrical hazardous area.

    The four main types of injuries are

    Electrocution (fatal), Electric shock, Burns, and fall.

    Safety

    precautions

    for

    working

    with

    or

    near

    electricity

    Inspect tools, power cords, and electrical fittings for

    damage or

    wear prior to each use.

    Always tape cords to walls or floors when necessary.

    Nails and staples

    can damage cords causing fire and shock hazards.

    Use cords or equipment that is rated for the level of

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY  Education and training of all persons working in or involved
    materials when working with or near electricity or power lines. these unsafe wiring conditions exist. Unplug
    materials when working with or near electricity or power lines.
    these
    unsafe wiring conditions exist. Unplug any cords to
    be a sign that
    Always use insulated ladders or other non-conductive
     Do not use outlets or cords that have exposed wiring.
    amperage or
    Be aware that unusually warm or hot outlets may
    size can cause excessive currents in the wiring and
    outlets and do not use until a qualified electrician
    Always use the correct size fuse. Replacing a fuse
    wattage that you are using.
    possibly start a fire.
    with one of a larger
    has checked the wiring.

    Do not use power tools with the guards removed.

    Do not block access to circuit breakers or fuse boxes.

    Place halogen lights away from combustible materials such as cloths or curtains.

    Halogen lamps can become very hot and may be a fire hazard.

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    HANDBOOK

    ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

    Risk of electric shock is greater in areas that are wet or damp. Install

    Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCIs) as they will interrupt

    the electrical circuit before a current sufficient to cause death or

    the electrical circuit before a current sufficient to cause death or

    serious injury occurs.

     

    Make sure

    receptacle boxes are made of

    that exposed

    non-

    conductive materials.

    Know where the breakers and boxes are located in case of an

    emergency.

    Label all circuit breakers and fuse boxes clearly. Each switch should be positively

    identified as to which outlet or appliance it is for.

     

    Do not touch a person or electrical apparatus in the event of an electrical

    accident. Always disconnect the current first.

     

    ensure

    Also

    is inspected

    it

    and

    coded periodically by a competent

    color

    electrician.

    1.13 ISOLATION-LOCK OUT TAG OUT

    the

    the

    Repairs of machinery must be made only by authorized maintenance

    personnel or employees by management.

    Maintenance of any equipment, where an unexpected

    energization or release of stored energy could cause

    injury to employees,

    must be done according

    to

    Lockout/Tagout procedure.

    Never ignore or remove locks and tags, except as outlined

    in the Lock Out/Tag Out procedure.

    Safety devices may be removed only by authorized

    maintenance personnel or employees authorized by

    management. The devices must be replaced as soon

    as the work is completed, before the equipment is

    put back into operation.

    Do not use such items as extension cords and welding leads unless they are

    properly insulated and grounded.

    Never use defective electrical equipment, worn or frayed extension cords.

    Report defective equipment to the supervisoror immediately.

    1.14 OCCUPATIONAL NOISE EXPOSURE

    Excessive noise can cause permanent damage to the hearing of those exposed to it.

    Noise is also a source of annoyance and disruption, and may directly or indirectly

    increase the risk of accidents.

    • 1. Every practical step should be taken to control noise. Where noise cannot be avoided, it may be reduced by relocating the source of the noise, control it from the source, providing exposed operatives with ear defenders, or a combination of the three.

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    HANDBOOK

    ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

    • 2. Protection against the effects of exposure to noise when the sound levels exceed those shown in the table below, when measured on the A-scale of a standard sound level meter.

    Duration per day Hours

    Sound Level dBA

    8

    90

    6

    92

    4

    95

    3

    97

    2

    100

    1

    1/2

    102

    1

    105

     

    1/2

    110

    1/4

    115

    • 3. When employees are subjected to sound levels exceeding those listed above, suitable and sufficient administrative or engineering controls shall be utilized. Ear protection shall be provided if the sound levels still exceed those listed in the table.

    • 4. In all cases where the sound levels exceed the values shown, a continuing hearing conservation program and training shall be administered.

    • 5. Exposure to impulsive or impact noise should not exceed 140 dB peak sound level pressure.

    1.15 OFFICE SAFETY

    Know the location of the two nearest exist from your work area.

    Emergency exits and the passageways shall be free from obstructions.

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY 2. Protection against the effects of exposure to noise when the

    All floor surfaces shall be kept clean, dry, and free from protruding

    splinters and nails, loose boards, holes, broken tiles and other protrusions.

    Defective tile or carpet should be repaired immediately.

    Never store items under your desk or on top of cupboards

    Always keep desk drawers and file cabinets closed.

    The computer screen should be 45-60cm away from the users eyes

    Always maintain proper posture

    Do not overload extension cords or electrical outlets.

    Turn Off electrical, electronic equipment when not in use.

    Never lift heavy loads.

    Loose lying cables can cause;

    A tripping hazard

    Electrocution

    People can hook on cables and pull expensive equipment from tables.

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    26

    Never stand on the chair to reach anything, particular if the

    chair has wheels or is of the swivel kind.

    HANDBOOK

    ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

    1.16

     

    Keep

    condition.

     

    provided.

    rooms and

    hazards.

    Clean

    up

    any

    surface floors.

    1.17

    HOUSEKEEPING

    Good housekeeping can keep you safe. An untidy

    orderly
    orderly

    concrete or smooth

    workplace can cause accident such as slips, trips and falls

    and fire hazards. Poor housekeeping is one of the major

    causes of employee injuries.

    All employees are required to

    the

    work area

    in

    a

    clean

    and

    Stack all materials correctly.

    Dispose of waste in the rubbish bins and skip

    Keep passageways, stairs, storerooms, service

    work areas clean, unobstructed and free of trip

    Prevent combustibles, which present a fire risk

    to build up in work area.

    Return all tools and other equipment to their proper storage place after use.

    oil,

    water or other substances spilled on

    LIGHTING & ILLUMINATION

    • 1. Every part of the site where people and vehicles is working shall, as far as reasonably practicable, be set so that adequate natural light is available for people to work and move around the site safely. Where natural light is inadequate or not available, sufficient lighting should be provided.

    • 2. Where work will continue outside daylight hours or the building or structure is enclosed, sufficient lighting will be provided. Lighting shall not change the apparent color or visibility of any safety signs or other safety related items such as fire extinguisher.

    • 3. Every part of the site where there is vehicle and operatives movements shall receive light from at least two directions to avoid dangerous, dense

     

    shadows.

    4.

    Minimum requirements for lights:

     

    Hazardous area, tunnels, general underground work area, mechanical

     

    and electrical equipment rooms, carpentry shop - 100lux

     

    General construction area

    -

    50 lux.

    Warehouses, access, excavation, waste area

    -

    35 lux

    1.8 FIRE PREVENTIONS

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    HANDBOOK

    ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

    Fire hazard includes burns, property damage and fatality. A fire must have

    three

    things to ignite and maintain combustion: Fuel, Heat, Oxygen.

    The “Fire Triangle” identifies these three components of any fire:

    Fuel paper, wood, flammable gas, energized electrical

    equipment, etc ...

    Energy (heat), sufficient to support combustion. Often

    referred to as the ignition source.

    Oxidizer (air)

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY Fire hazard includes burns, property damage and fatality. A fire must

    Prevention is based on eliminating or minimizing one of the components of

    the “Fire Triangle”.

    Causes of fire

    Hot work, welding cutting

    Poor housekeeping

    Spontaneous ignition

    Chemical spill & gas leakage

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY Fire hazard includes burns, property damage and fatality. A fire must

    Precautions

    Safe work practices

    Avoid leakages & spillage

    Restrict the fire at initial stage

    Know the location of fire extinguishers

    Know the emergency exits

    Periodic fire drills conducted

    Maintain good housekeeping

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    28

    Fire extinguisher selection

    Water type – used on solid fire, paper, cloth etc.

    Cannot be used on electrical fire

    Foam type – used for flammable liquids, oil, petrol etc.

    Cannot be used on electrical fire

    DCP (Dry Chemical Powder) – good for all fires

    Co2 (carbon Dioxide) – good for most fires including electrical

    Not effective in open spaces

    HANDBOOK

    Fire extinguisher operation

    P

    Pull the pin

    ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

    HANDBOOK Fire extinguisher operation P Pull the pin ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY Aim at the Base
    HANDBOOK Fire extinguisher operation P Pull the pin ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY Aim at the Base

    Aim at the Base

    S

    S

    A

    Aim at the base of fire

    Squeeze the handle

    Sweep side to side at the base of the fire

    HANDBOOK Fire extinguisher operation P Pull the pin ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY Aim at the Base

    1.19 EMERGENCY RESPONSE PROCEDURE

    Emergency plans are required to ensure employee safety in case of fire or other

    emergency. Emergency

    effectiveness.

    plans

    shall

    be

    Emergency plans include:

    Escape procedures

    Assembly point

    Employee accounting

    Emergency evacuation

    Rescue and medical duties

    Means of reporting emergencies

    periodically tested
    periodically
    tested

    Persons to be contacted for information or clarification

    Fire Emergency

    to

    ensure

    their

    HANDBOOK Fire extinguisher operation P Pull the pin ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY Aim at the Base
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    HANDBOOK

    ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY 1. In case of a small fire, try to extinguish with
    • 1. In case of a small fire, try to extinguish with the fire extinguishing equipment available.

    • 2. If the fire cannot be extinguished, sound the fire alarm.

    • 3. Call the emergency services telephone number (Contact your supervisor or Safety Officer on site to know the emergency telephone number).

    Accident Resulting in Serious Injury

    • 1. Arrange an ambulance to send the injured for medical treatment.

    • 2. ONLY qualified personnel may attempt to give first aid treatment to the injured, if appropriate.

    • 3. The line supervisor should immediately inform the safety staff and/or management and then complete the accident

    report (for further details refer to ADNOC Annexure N

    Reporting of Accidents and Incidents)

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY 1. In case of a small fire, try to extinguish with

    Emergency Evacuation

    • 1. Stop all works immediately and ensure that all equipment is left in a safe condition.

    • 2. Leave plant, going across wind and assembling at an upwind area (look around

    for evidence of the general wind direction).

    • 3. Remain at the assembly area until checked off and then go to the Head Office, site offices or remain at the area, as instructed.

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY 1. In case of a small fire, try to extinguish with
    • 4. Do a head count and roll call to be sure everyone is accounted for by name.

    • 5. Do not enter the area or restart the work until informed to do so.

    1.20 ROOF WORKS

    • 1. Falls through fragile roofs and fragile roof lights cause death and serious injury.

    • 2. Ensure that a competent person assesses the roof using a safe system of work and all employees working on roof must be trained on usage of fall protection device.

    • 3. Ensure the work is properly planned in advance by a contractor with sufficient expertise in working on fragile roofs.

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY 1. In case of a small fire, try to extinguish with
    • 4. Specify non-fragile assemblies for new and replacement roofs.

    • 5. Satisfy yourself that the contractors have allowed sufficient time to carry out the work safely.

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    HANDBOOK

    ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

    • 6. Personal protection measures e.g. fall arrest harnesses are ‘active’ and require the user to do clip on for them to work effectively.

    • 7. Working on roof (more than 1.2 meters or 4 foot) might be dangerous if fall protection is not provided.

    • 8. Design and engineering controls must be considered to minimize the risk of falls.

    • 9. Use mechanical means (mobile equipment) to prevent fall.

    10.Collective control measures such as nets & airbags should be

    provided minimize the risk of fall.

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY 6. Personal protection measures e.g. fall arrest harnesses are ‘active’ and

    11.PTW system should be followed for working at height.

    When stopping a fall

    Fall arrest system must-

    Limit max force on an employee to 1,800 pounds when

    used with a body harness.

    Be rigged so that an employee cannot free fall more

    than 6 feet.

    Bring an employee to a complete stop and limit the

    employee’s max deceleration distance to 3.5 feet.

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY 6. Personal protection measures e.g. fall arrest harnesses are ‘active’ and
    • 1.22 STEEL STRUCTURAL WORKS

    • 1. Ensure the work is properly planned in advance by a contractor with sufficient expertise in steel structural works.

    • 2. Design and engineering controls must be considered while lifting, transferring

    and fixing of steel to minimize the risk of fall of materials.

    • 3. Collective control measures such as nets, barriers should be provided to minimize the risk of fall of materials.

    • 4. Ensure that competent people are deployed to supervise and perform the activity.

    and fixing of steel to minimize the risk of fall of materials. 3. Collective control measures
    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY 6. Personal protection measures e.g. fall arrest harnesses are ‘active’ and
    • 5. Ensure proper working platform is provided prior to start of the work and never allow over loading of steel on the working platform.

    • 6. Proper fall protection system should be provided while working at height.

    • 7. Erect appropriate fencing and overhead protection barriers for the protection of public and workers.

    • 8. Lifting gears and equipment used for lifting should be selected in accordance with the requirements and local regulations.

    • 9. Proper storage and stacking of materials should be followed and stability of the ground also should be considered.

    10.PTW system should be followed while working at height.

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    HANDBOOK

    SECTION II PERMIT TO WORK SYSTEM

    ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

    Permit to work has been established to maintain control of hazardous work being

    carried out on the worksite and to ensure that all necessary safety precautions are

    carried out. It should be noted that a work permit does not guarantee safety; an

    accident can occur at any time and safety rules

    must be always followed.

    The main components of the permit to work are

    the following:

    • 1. Pre-printed form

    • 2. Defines the scope of work.

    • 3. Identifies hazards and assesses risk.

    • 4. Establishes control measures to eliminate or mitigate hazards.

    • 5. Links the work to other associated work permits or simultaneous operations.

    HANDBOOK SECTION II PERMIT TO WORK SYSTEM ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY Permit to work has been
    • 6. Authorized by the competent person(s) and accepted by the person who works on the permit.

    • 7. Communicates above information to all people involved in the work.

    • 8. Ensures adequate control over the return to normal operations

    • 9. Time bound, max. Of 24 hrs.

    Work Permits are issued for the following types of work:

    Hot Works/SIMOPS Management

    Radiography

    Confined Spaces

    Excavation

    Electrical Works/Use of Cartridge operated tools

    Energizing / Isolation

    Work at Height/Working of slab edge/Removal of edge protection

    Demolition

    Working Over Water

    Loading of Form Work when concrete pouring

    Maintenance or Commissioning of Machinery and Electrical System

    Pressure Testing and Works on Operational Pipelines

    It identifies conditions and limits ofpotentially harmful effects on the person carrying

    out the work by specifying safety precautions to be followed during work activity. It

    gives a comprehensive and detailed record of all on-going work, control of the work

    situation and avoids conflicting or incompatible work being

    simultaneously.

    SECTION III

    carried out

    32
    32
    HANDBOOK SECTION II PERMIT TO WORK SYSTEM ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY Permit to work has been

    HANDBOOK

    ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

    PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT

    Personal protective equipment (PPE) reduce employee

    exposure to hazards when engineering and administrative

    controls are not feasible or effective. Each employee is

    responsible for wearing it correctly and for maintaining it in

    a serviceable condition. It is the responsibility of the

    employee to report any damage or faults with the equipment

    to his or her supervisor. Minimum PPE requirements are

    Coverall, Helmet, Safety shoe and Safety glass. All employees

    must comply with company’s PPE requirement and it usage.

    A PPE Assessment must be carried-out to identify the type of

    PPE for the specificJob.

    Protective clothing

    Employees must always wear the personal protective

    clothing provided. Protective

    clothing must be kept clean and in good condition.

    Persons working on or around the machinery must wear

    close fitting overalls and clothing no loose items should be in

    evidence.

    Persons working on revolving machinery must not wear

    rings, watches, neckties etc.

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT Personal protective equipment (PPE) reduce employee exposure to

    Persons working on or alongside a road carrying heavy traffic should wear

    reflective or fluorescent jackets.

    Head Protection

    Safety helmets must be worn when working on construction, demolition or

    excavation activities or in any other circumstances where there is a possibility

    that head injuries could be sustained.

    Contractor is required to provide hard hat to the workers that complies with

    International Standard.

    Safety helmets fitted with a chin strap in good condition should be worn when

    working

    in high winds, in an elevated position, or otherwise exposed to sudden gust of wind.

    Check the lifespan of the safety helmet has not expired by referring to the date

    stamp

    marked on the inside of the equipment, indicating the date of man

    Safety helmets shall not be misused, disfigured, exposed to chemicals or paint.

    Any safety helmets exposed to these elements or exposed to impact shall be

    replaced immediately

    Ear Protection

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT Personal protective equipment (PPE) reduce employee exposure to

    Ear protectors should be worn by all personnel working in areas where

    33
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    ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

    HANDBOOK

    harmful noise levels exist (where noise level is >85 dbA).

    Eye and Face Protection

    Suitable eye protection (e.g. safety goggles, safety spectacles

    or face masks)

    should be worn when using compressed air, cutting/chipping of

    hard surfaces or

    whenever there is a potential danger of eye injury.

    Fall Protection

    ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY HANDBOOK harmful noise levels exist (where noise level is >85 dbA). Eye

    Fall from heights are the major killer in construction. Installing guardrails or

    wearing a fall-arrest system can prevent many of these falalities.

    Fall-arrest systems work properly only if they are maitained properly. This includes

    inspection, maintenance and replacement or disposal of damaged or worn

    components.

    A fall-arrest system typically consists of:

    A full-body harness or, in some cases, a safety belt

    Lanyard

    Shock absorber

    Rope grab

    Lifeline

    Lifeline anchor

    Proper selection of the correct type of fall arrest must be considered to ensure

    effective protection of worker working at heigths.

    Foot Protection

    Safety footwear should be worn in order to

    protect against toe injuries, particularly

    when handling materials or heavy objects.

    ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY HANDBOOK harmful noise levels exist (where noise level is >85 dbA). Eye

    Special footwear such as ankle type safety shoes should

    be worn during asphalting works.

    Footwear must

    necessary.

    be

    in good

    condition and replaced as

    Hand Protection

    Hand protection shall be worn where risk

    exists.

    ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY HANDBOOK harmful noise levels exist (where noise level is >85 dbA). Eye

    of

    injury to the hand
    injury to
    the hand
    34
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    HANDBOOK

    ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

    Chemical resistant gloves shall be used when handling petroleum products,

    caustic soda, acids, chemicals and strong solvents.

    Leather gloves shall be worn to protect the hands from heat, pinch points and

    extremely abrasive or splintery materials.

    All gloves must be kept dry particularly when used in welding or handling live

    electric wires to avoid electric shocks.

    Gloves, in poor condition, must be disposed of properly. On removal of safety

    gloves, hands and arms are to be thoroughly cleaned, particularly at the end of a

    working period or before meals.

    SECTION IV PLANT MANAGEMENT- VEHICLE & EQUIPMENT SAFETY

    CONTRACTOR shall have a formal process to assure that all PLANT and equipment,

    materials

    and

    tools,

    identification,

    certification,

    maintenance,

    corrosion

    and

    inspection management systems are in place to demonstrate initial and ongoing

    fitness for service.Operation of heavy equipment such as

    should
    should

    excavators, loaders, graders, rollers, and bulldozers

    always be done by authorized and highly skilled

    operators who is having valid operator license.

    Ground-based workers should be trained in how

    to work safely around the equipment. Unsafe

    practices by either the operator or those

    around the equipment can create very

    dangerous situations. Serious injuries can

    occur if the equipment strikes a worker, or if

    the equipment is rolled over.

    A standardized set of hand signals should be

    used by the operator and signal person. No plant shall move

    inside construction unless

    trained

    signal

    man

    is

    assigned

    to

    control the

    movement.

    Operators should always know exactly where all ground based workers are

    located, and the wearing of high visibility vests will help the operator to locate

    them quickly. Operator should scan the area around the equipment before

    getting in to the operator cabin.

    Maintain a Safe Operating Speed. The equipment should have a backup warning

    alarm and beacons that can be heard by all nearby workers.

    Heavy equipment must have a rollover protective structure (ROPS) to protect the

    operator if the machine tips over. Seat belt must be worn so that the operator

    will not be thrown out of the seat during a rollover or upset situation.

    If working on slopes, try to avoid moving across the face of the slope. Try to

    operate up and down the slope face if possible. Use extreme caution when

    operating near open excavations.

    Noise levels around the equipment could potentially cause hearing

    35 loss. Always
    35
    loss. Always

    use protective plugs or muffs when working on or around the equipment.

    HANDBOOK

    ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

    Never jump onto or off the equipment. Operators should always use the three-

    point contact rule when climbing onto or off heavy equipment.

    Periodic safety inspections on all components of the equipment should be done

    regularly by qualified personnel.

    Inspect and service the equipment regularly. Complete equipment service in

    accordance with the manufacturer's recommendation. A pre-shift walk around

    inspection by the operator is highly recommended.

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY  Never jump onto or off the equipment. Operators should always

    Do not attempt repairs or maintenance that you

    do not understand.

    Vehicle

    accidents must be reported

    promptly.

    No riders are permitted on forklifts &

    other heavy equipment.

     

    Operator must follow

    all

    safe

    lifting,

    driving, refueling

    and

    operating

    procedures at all times.

     

    Crane & forklift

    must

    not

    loaded in

    be

    excess of their capacity & safe working loads to be written or painted in

    bold letters on equipment.

    Give the right way to pedestrian. All heavy equipment must be provided

    with third party certificate & SWL chart for lifting equipment.

    Triple check that all individuals and co-workers are clear out of the area before

    dumping a load

    of

    materials or

    other machinery off

    of

    a

    piece of heavy

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY  Never jump onto or off the equipment. Operators should always

    equipment.

    All Certificates and operators competency records must be available in the Site

    and in the vehicles.

    4.2DRIVING SAFETY

    Wear your safety belt and wear it correctly.

    Drive at speed limit. Its unsafe to drive too fast or too slow

    Be alert! Pay attention to traffic at all times

    Keep enough distance between you and the vehicle in front of you

    Check your blind spot when changing lanes

    Avoid sharp turns.

    Don’t drive in bad weather

    Never drink and drive

    Never eat, drink or use a mobile phone while driving

    Be extra careful at intersections. Use your turn signals and remember to look

    around for people and other vehicles

    Keep your eyes on the road, hands on the wheel and your mind on the drive

    While driving in site area adhere to the speed limit

    4.3 MOBILE PLANTS/VEHICLE

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    36

    HANDBOOK

    ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

    Contractor HSE Dept. shall be informed in advance before the mobile plants and

    equipment will be brought to the site.

    Advance copy of documents such as driving license, registration, and other

    relevant documents shall be forwarded to the safety officer for verification.

    Adequate risk assessment shall be conducted to all construction vehicles and

    mobile plants before it will be used in the site.

    Only trained, authorized, and competent person shall be allowed to use or

    moved any plant on the site. The driver shall have

    valid driving

    license and trained

    for that

    type

    of

    vehicle.

    The driver shall be instructed on the potential

    hazards such

    as

    overhead

    lines, structures,

    excavations, movement of operatives, speed limit,

    other plants in operation, etc.

    All mobile plants and vehicles should be regularly

    inspected and serviced by competent person. Copy

    of maintenance record shall be retained in the site.

    Any vehicle being in a construction site shall be

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY   Contractor HSE Dept. shall be informed in advance before

    driven, operated, towed, or loaded in a safe manner.

    Vehicles and plant shall be used for the purpose they are designed for.

    Suitable and sufficient steps shall be taken to prevent the unintended movement

    of any vehicles such as use of stop blocks

    A trained and authorized person such as banks man shall closely supervise

    where the movement of the vehicles could endanger operatives or driver, the

    operation. The driver and banks man must give warning to others who are liable

    to be at risk.

    No person shall ride or be required to ride on any vehicle unless they are

    designed for carrying passenger.

    Where mobile plant is used for excavation or handling materials, suitable and

    sufficient steps must be taken to prevent the mobile plants from falling into an

    excavation, pit, or into water or earthwork.

    Notes: Traffic Management Plan must be available and must be updated

    regularly. A separate pedestrian access must be provided to prevent

    collision. Adequate signage’s to be provided to all access considering

    the site speed requirement, pedestrian access and etc.

    4.4MACHINE GUARDING

    Moving machine parts have the potential to cause

    severe workplace injuries, such as crushed fingers or

    hands, amputations, burns, or blindness. Safeguards

    are essential for protecting workers from these

    preventable injuries. Any machine part, function, or

    process that may cause injury must be safeguarded.

    Employees must report any deficiencies or hazards to

    their supervisor or Safety Representative when they

    4.6 COMPRESSORS

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY   Contractor HSE Dept. shall be informed in advance before
    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY   Contractor HSE Dept. shall be informed in advance before

    When operating a compressor ensure that you and others working in this type of

    equipment comply with the check list below:

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    HANDBOOK

    ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

    Avoid causing any damage to gauges and pressure

    relief device. If damage occurs, shut the compressor

    down and report damage immediately.

    Pressure gauges must be kept clean and functioning

    correctly. If the safe working pressure is seen to be

    exceeded at any time, shut down the equipment

    and report the fact at once.

    V-belt drive guards and those other parts of the

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY  Avoid causing any damage to gauges and pressure relief device.

    compressor must be firmly fixed in position whenever the compressor is running.

    Never use flammable liquids to clean any part of a compressor.

    Always ensure that whiplashed arrestor was provided and shut-off valve was in-

    place at the end of the Hose.

    4.7 HOIST

    Each year, there are many accidents involving hoists arising from faulty erection or

    inadequate maintenance, but many more are caused by the

    misuse of hoists and failing to observe safe systems of work.

    Hoists operators must be properly trained and over 18 years

    of age and they should always comply with the following

    check points:

    Only authorized persons may operate a hoist.

    Hoist must

    not

    be

    operated if there

    is

    any

    defects

    present in the safety device, or in the fencing or gates.

    Any such defect should be reported immediately.

    Hoist will only be operated from one position. This must

    be located so that there is a clear view of the platform

    throughout its travel and a clear view of each landing

    space.

    Passengers must not be carried on the platform.

    All

    gates to

    the hoist way

    must be kept closed when

    access to stationary platform is required.

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY  Avoid causing any damage to gauges and pressure relief device.

    Hoist operator must have a clear and distinct communication system with

    persons using the hoist

    SECTION V ROAD WORKS

    5.1 SAFETY ZONES

    On any road work site, a space must be

    provided around the works for the storage of

    spoil, tools, plant and equipment and to allow

    safe movement and operations of plant

    A safety zones, delineated by cones and lamps

    should be provided to protect operatives from

    the traffic

    and to protect traffic from the road

    works

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    HANDBOOK

    ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

    Plant must not be allowed to encroach on safety zones, nor must operatives be

    allowed to enter it other than to maintain the cones or safety signs

    5.1.1 A Safety zones comprises :

    A lead-in taper of cones, which will vary with the speed

    limit and width of the works

    A sideways clearance between the working space and

    moving traffic, which must be at least 0.5 meters on

    roads with speeds up to 80kph and at least1.2 meters on

    roads with speeds of 80kph and over

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY  Plant must not be allowed to encroach on safety zones,

    A traffic barrier, facing oncoming traffic, positioned within the coned-off

    area to show the width of the work site. (This barrier may not be necessary

    if a conspicuous vehicle is present)

    NB for roads with a speed limit of 80km/h or more, an additional traffic

    barrier is required at the end of lead-in taper.

    5.1.2 Buffer Zones

    On high speed roads such as motorways, a practice

     On high speed roads such as motorways, a practice

    has been developed to provide buffer zones, to

    segregate opposing traffic flows.

    The width of such buffer zones is preferably a full lane width

    of 3.65 meters but should be at least 1 meter

    Barrier should be used to delineate buffer zones. The ideal

    types in this case are traffic cones, cats eye bollards, or

    simple red

    and white colored plastic pendant marker, all

    relatively harmless if hit by a vehicle

    5.1.3 Traffic Barriers

    of which are
    of which
    are

    Traffic Barriers should be continuous concrete, used to indicate the road

    works and segregate the traffic from the works. They should not cause a

    further hazards if hit by moving vehicle, be of conspicuous color e.g. (red or

    yellow stripes) and kept clean.

    • 5.2 Advance Signs

    “Road works ahead” signs shall be placed in advance of the

    road works and shall be the first signs to be seen by the driver

    • 5.3 Ahead Signs

    “Road narrows ahead” shall be placed in midway between the

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY  Plant must not be allowed to encroach on safety zones,

    “Road works ahead” signs and the beginning of the taper of traffic cones.

    “Keep right or keep left” signs shall be placed at the beginning and end of

    the lead-in taper

    of cones

    On roads with speed limits of 80kph or more, all “ahead” signs should have

    the distance to the works in meters printed on them.

    • 5.4 ROAD WORKS CHECKLIST

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    HANDBOOK

    ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

    • 5.4.1 For Operatives

    Have you planned how you will sign and guard the works and set up of

    safety zones?

    Have all the appropriate authorities been notified?

    Have you considered working during light traffic flows?

    Is everyone on the site wearing hi-visibility clothing?

    Are persons vacating vehicles from the curb side?

    Position and type of first warning sign?

    What other signs are needed at the works?

    What length of coned taper is required?

    How many lamps and cones needed?

    What width of carriageway can be kept open and will be enough for Two-

    Way traffic?

    What width of footway can keep open and will it be enough?

    Have any misleading permanent signs been covered?

    • 5.4.2 When work is in progress

    If circumstances change, have you altered the signs, cones and lamps to

    suit?

    Are signs, lamps and cones regularly cleaned, maintained or replaced?

    Has authorization been obtained to accommodate any changed

    circumstances?

    Are traffic control arrangements reviewed and changed to reduce delays as

    works change?

    Are the works adequately signed, guarded and lit for the night time?

    Have you cleared away any spoil, etc. which may have spread on to

    surrounding road or footway?

    • 5.4.3 When work is complete and before you leave

    Have all cones, signs and lamps been removed?

    Have all permanent signs been restored?

    Have appropriate authorities been notified that work is complete?

    • 5.5 Traffic Routes inside Construction Sites

    The construction site shall be organized in such a way that pedestrians and

    vehicles can move safely.

    Traffic routes shall be design so that pedestrian routes are segregated from

    vehicles routes if practicable. The barrier shall be made of suitable strength

    and material.

     

    Traffic routes shall be suitable for persons or vehicles using them.

    One way system and speed control system shall be introduced.

     

    All

    traffic routes

    must have

    signage

    such

    as speed

    limit, no entry,

    equipment crossing, etc. It should conform to Abu Dhabi Municipality Traffic

    Manual.

     

    No vehicles shall be driven on a traffic routes unless it is clear of

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    40

    obstruction and has sufficient clearance otherwise steps must be taken to

    warn drivers of obstruction ahead.

    HANDBOOK

    ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

    SECTION VI ACCIDENT/INCIDENT REPORTING

    6.1 PROCEDURE

    If injured on the job, report the injury immediately to your

    foreman or supervisor. Don't wait.

    Report

    the

    all

    injury when

    it occurs,

    even

    if

    you

    medical treatment is not necessary.

    believe that

    Medical treatment will be provided

    by

    every

    Contractor, if it is necessary

    to

    to

    Remember – We all believe in the NO BLAME culture –

    enable the root causes to be identified and prevention of a recurrence.

    All incident and accident must be report and investigated as specified in the

    Incident Escalation Guidelines (ADNOC Projects and Offices).

    Report must be submitted using the following report formats.

    Incident Notification form

    Serious Incident Notification Form

    Near Miss Report

    Root Cause analysis will be conducted to identify causes of incident and to

    prevent recurrence and identify opportunities for continuous

    improvement.

    Incident Investigation Report must prepared by Contractor and PMC using the

    Incident Investigation Report.

    Learning will be shared to all project for All significant incident which has a potential

    to re-occur to other Site using the approve Safety Alert Format.

    All minor incidents will be recorded to CONTRACTOR’s incident Log and Significant

    Incident will recorded and will be submitted to COMPANY.

    All incidents related to site will included in the CONTRACTOR’s HSE weekly

    performance Statics and Monthly HSE Statistics.Monthly HSE performance review

    will be conducted for all CONTRACTORS to identify trends and improvement

    opportunities.

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    HANDBOOK

    ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

    HSE report must include all relevant documents as

    specified in the Content of Investigation Report.

    Significant incident are classified in Incident

    Escalation Guidelines and Risk Matrix.

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY HSE report must include all relevant documents as specified in the
    • 6.2 PROCESS FLOW CHART

    42
    42
    ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY HANDBOOK CONTRACTOR ADNOC CPD SECTION VII TOOLS & EQUIPMENT  All tools
    ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY
    HANDBOOK
    CONTRACTOR
    ADNOC CPD
    SECTION VII
    TOOLS & EQUIPMENT
    All tools and equipment shall be maintained in a
    safe
    working
    condition.
    Damaged
    tools
    or
    equipment must be removed from service and
    tagged "defective” or “Out of service”.
    Only appropriate tools shall be used for a specific
    job.
    Portable electric tools shall not be lifted or loaded
    by means of the power cable.
    The right tool
    shall
    be
    used
    for
    the
    right job.
    Substituting the wrong tool is unacceptable.
    Power tools shall be inspected periodically and color
    coded.
    The user shall always inspect visually before use.
    Tools shall be properly stored when not in use.
    43

    HANDBOOK

    7.1 STORAGE

    ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

    Hand tools falling from heights, being tripped over or placed in such a position that

    the cutting edges causes injury are some of the accidents that occurs on

    construction site and this issue can be prevented by ensuring that tools are stored

    properly.

    When tools are not in use;

    Store tools in boxes or other suitable containers

    Where appropriate, hang tools from racks

    Do not lay tools down so that they will not fall,

    roll or be knocked over

    Make sure all cutting edges, teeth etc. are

    adequately sheathed or otherwise protected

    Do not leave tool lying in walkways, or

    anywhere they could be tripped over

    For longer term storage, use locked up boxes

    provided

    7.2 ELECTRICALLY OPERATED TOOLS

    HANDBOOK 7.1 STORAGE ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY Hand tools falling from heights, being tripped over or

    Electrically operated hand tools are very useful as it makes works easier and faster

    but if use incorrectly it can kill instantaneously.Contractors must ensure that

    employees receive training from the manufacturer in correct use of electrically

    operated tools.

      

    Main point to remember in using electrically operated tools:

    Check for any sign of damage to the

    tool itself, damage to the wires and

    cables, report immediately and do not

    use the tools

    HANDBOOK 7.1 STORAGE ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY Hand tools falling from heights, being tripped over or

    Management should arrange for defective be kept

    where it cannot be used until repaired

    110 volt supply or RCCB protection provided on all

    plugs/sockets should always be used on temporary

    wiring installations

    Make sure that all tools are properly earthed and have

    the correct fuses

    All connections to socket outlets or wire-to-wire must be made with proper

    electrical plugs-NOT by bare cable ends

    Do not allow cables and wires to come in to contact with moisture

    Do not carry or drag tools by its cable

    Disconnect tools from mains when they are not in use and before changing

    blades, disc and drill bits.

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    HANDBOOK

    ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

    Regular maintenance of electrically operated tools is essential. It must be

    done by someone who is properly trained. Temporary repairs by amateurs

    can be very dangerous

    7.3 AIR OPERATED TOOLS

    Mishandling of tools, hoses and the air itself coming from compressed air can be

    lethal. Any people who are required to use air operated equipment must have been

    instructed by competent person and compliance with the rules given below will

    avoid accidents to both the operator and others.

    Quite low pressure compressed air have been

    known to cause serious injuries or fatalities (treat

    it with respect)

    Before start of work, check that hoses and pipes

    has no leaks

    Keep hoses as short as possible and keep traffic

    away from them, if necessary by barriers

    Do not bend or restrict hoses in any way to reduce

    power. The extra pressure on coupling can make

    the hose whip and twist at high speed.

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY  Regular maintenance of electrically operated tools is essential. It must

    Never direct the air jet at yourself or another person. Compressed air in the

    bloodstream, eyes, ears or nose can be fatal

    Do not use an open line for blowing out shutters, etc. A restrictor to the air

    flow or lance must be used.

    Do not blow dust, swarf etc. off your clothing with an airline.

    Never try to change tools without turning off the air supply. Tools must be

    disconnected from the air supply for inspection and cleaning/maintenance

    or when not in use.

    Ear protection, goggles, gloves and/or safety footwear must be worn when

    using air operated tools

    7.4 CARTRIDGE ASSISTED TOOLS

    Cartridge assisted tools are potential lethal weapons and must be treated with the

    same respect as any gun or pistol. No-one should use a cartridge

    assisted tool without first having been checked for colour

    blindness and having undergone appropriate training and

    authorized to use such tools. Operators should study the list

    below to make sure that they have not forgotten any

    important safety measures:

    Always remember that the risks in cartridge assisted

    tools are primarily in relation to your workmates.

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY  Regular maintenance of electrically operated tools is essential. It must

    You should have signed for the tool and for the number and type of

    cartridge issued to you.

    Permit to Work must be obtained/Check immediately that the tools are not

    loaded.

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    HANDBOOK

    ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

    When inserting a cartridge, always point the barrel in a safe direction,

    that a special adaptor is used which will ensure that the pin is guided safely protection
    that a special adaptor is used which will ensure that the pin is guided safely
    protection when using the tool. When using pins
    for fixing through pre-drilled holes, make sure
    which is – pointing it away from yourself or any
    You must wear a safety helmet, eye and ear
    other person.
    NEVER walk about the site with a loaded tool.
    Always load it at the workplace. Apply SIMOPs
    Management
    Hold the tool at right angles to the job when
    firing.

    to its place.

    Tool must not be fired in a place where flammable vapor or dust creates the

    risk of an explosion.

    After use, ensure that the tool is emptied, cleaned and oiled

    7.4.1 In the event of a misfire:

    Wait one minute before unloading. You must only extract the cartridge in

    accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.

    Misfired cartridges should be immersed in water to render them harmless.

    REMEMBER – cartridge assisted tools can be dangerous if misused. Ensure that

    they are never used in a careless fashion.

    7.5 POWER SAW

    Portable hand held power saws can be defined as

    sawing machine to be fitted with one or more

    circular blades, and can include chain sawing

    machines, hand held circular saws and abrasive

    wheels.

    If you are required to use such machines, you

    must:

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY       When inserting a cartridge, always

    any

    Have been sufficiently trained for the work being done at or on the machines

    in question.

    Have been sufficiently instructed in the dangers and precautions. The guards

    and other safety devices connected with that machine.

    Ensure that only a saw which incorporates anti-

    vibration mountings is used.

    Maintain the guide bar and chain frequently and

    ensure that cutters are sharpened in

    accordance with the manufacturer’s

    specification.

    Check that the chain remains stationary when

    the saw engine is idling.

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    46
    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY       When inserting a cartridge, always

    HANDBOOK

    ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

    Ensure that guard between the front handle and the chain is correctly

    positioned and secured.

    Checks the ON/OFF and dead man switch functions effectively.

    Do not attempt to saw using the tip of the guide bar, a kick back will occur.

    Maintain a firm grip on both handles when cutting to reduce the effect of a

    kick back.

    Heavy duty ear muffs and a full mesh face shield should always be worn

    when the saw is in use

    7.6 HAND HELD CIRCULAR SAW

    Before using the saw ensure that:

    The blade is of the correct type for the material to be cut.

    It is in good condition, with no cracks or damage, and if it

    is toothed, that the teeth are sharp.

    It will rotate in the correct direction: the sharp edge of the

    tooth must cut upwards from

    bottom to top of the

    material when the saw is in use.

    The depth of the cut is adjusted so that the saw blade

    only just projects through the underside of the material

    being cut.

    HANDBOOK ADNOC CPD CONSTRUCTION SAFETY  Ensure that guard between the front handle and the chain

    The guard which covers the saw blade below the shoe is operating properly

    and retracts as the blade enters the material.

    Never tie back the saw blade or render it inoperative.

    Never adjust guards while the saw is in motion or the machine connected to

    the power supply.

    Never operate the machine with a defective ON/OFF switch and never secure

    the switch in the ON position.

    Always