1.1K views

Uploaded by Darren Manuel Tenerife

master foyo

- 49101238-FINANCE-PROJECT-REPORT-ON-ICE-PLANT.pdf
- Ice Plant Model
- Heat Load Calculation (Cold Storage Plant)
- Block Ice Plant
- SMEDA Ice Plant (15 Tons)
- Solution to Problems on Design of Machine Elements 4th Edition- Virgil M Faires, Roy M Wingren (Problem Book)
- Ice Making Plant
- Handbook of Mechanical Refrigeration by MacIntire
- Ice Making Plant Visit Report
- ICE PLANT AND COLD STORAGE DESIGN.docx
- Ice Plant
- A Proposed Design of Ice Plant
- Ice Plant Study
- Ice Factory
- 1.5 mini ice plant pre feasibility study
- Power Plant Design; Analysis Design
- Ref Aircon1A Reviewer
- DIESEL ENGINE POWER PLANT DESIGN
- Multi-Pressure Refrigeration Systems
- Solution Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Stoecker & Jones

You are on page 1of 33

Using standard size of ice can 11 22 44 and 15F calcium chloride brine

from Kents Mechanical Engineering Handbook, pp. 11-48, table 1

Weight of Ice Block, lb.

Normal = 300

Actual = 315

Time of Freezing = 50 hrs.

24 (Weight of one block of ice , lbs .)

N=

N=

N

78 (2000)(50)

24(300)

= 1083.33

The clearance for each sides is set to 2.5 and between ice cans is 1.5.

Necessary clearance for the hook of crane in harvesting ice blocks is set to 5.

Width = 2 C s

+ 2 Cc

+ 7 Ci

W = 135.5

Length = 2(2 C s

+ ( N l -1)*( Ci ) + ( N l *l)) + 2* La

+ (55*22)) + 2(25)

L = 2642

= 2(2(2.5) + (54*1.5)

Where,

Cs

= clearance at sides

Cc

Ci

La

For height,

Volume of brine solution

TOR

V Brine Solution

TOI

( 0.61

60 cu . ft .

TOR

V Brine Solution

= 127.87)1

60 cu . ft .

TOR

= 7672.2

ft

127.87 TOR

V ic

300lb .

1.1)*1100 = (

lb.

62.4

cu . ft .

m

=(

V ic

= 5817.3

ft

1.1)*1100

V BT

(2642/12)

= L*W*H =

(135.5/12)

V Brine Solution

V ic

H = 5817.3 + 7672.2

1 Kents Mechanical Handbook, Ice Making Capacity, pp. 11-49

available water for ice making is 30C.

Product Load,

Qp

=

Qp

= m*( Cpw t +

hf i

Cp i t)

78 TOI

907.03 kg

1 day

1hr .

(

)*(

)*(

day

1 ton

24 hrs .

3600 s )*((4.1868*(30-0)) + 335 +

0.5*4.1868*(0+9.444))

Qp

= 393.3526 Kw

conductance of outside air are taken from Kents Mechanical Engineering Handbook,

Table 19, pp. 11-37. Surface film conductance of calcium chloride, 24%, brine is

taken from Marks Standard Handbook for Mechanical Engineers, 11 th edition,

Table19.1.11, pp. 19-19.

At sides, W

U=

1

1 x1 x2 x3 1

+ + + +

hi k 1 k 2 k 3 ho

1

=

1 3 5

1

1

+ +

+

+

53 8 0.3 4.3 1.65

U = 0.05524

Qw

BTU

hrsq . ft .F

Qw

= 480.59566

BTU

hr

= 0.14084 Kw

At sides, L

QL

QL

At top,

= 9370.7288

BTU

hr

= 2.7461 Kw

U=

1

1 x1 x2 x3 1

+ + + +

hi k 1 k 2 k 3 ho

1

1

1

1

1

+

+

+

53 1.15 1.4 1.65

U = 0.4527387

Q t

Qt

For total load,

QT

Qp

BTU

hrsq . ft .F

BTU

hr

= 79912.664

= 23.41885 Kw

QT

Qw

QL

Qt

23.41885

QT

= 419.658 Kw

Checking,

TOR

(419.658 Kw

119.333

TOI

0.61

1TOR

3.5167 Kw )

127.8689,

78

0.61

GOOD!

Design procedure will use 120 TOR for ice making evaporator to account for

other losses.

Using horizontal shell & tube brine cooler for indirect system, nominal size of

tube diameter is 22.

Tube specifications3:

Nominal pipe size = 2

Schedule 80 XS

Outside diameter = 2.375

Inside diameter = 1.939

Thickness = 0.218

The design procedure will use a temperature rise of 5F 4 and suction pressure

in an ammonia system required for 15F brine is 20 psig 5 (239.182 KPaa). The

equivalent evaporator temperature -14.7918C6 (5.37469F).

For over-all heat transfer coefficient,

ro

)

ri

r o ln /k

ro

+

ri h i

1

Uo

( )

3 Marks Standard Handbook for Mechanical Engineers, 11 th ed., Table 8.7.3, pp.8144

4 Kents Mechanical Engineering Handbook, Brine Piping, pp. 11-52

5 Kents Mechanical Engineering Handbook, Ice Making Capacity, Table 2, pp. 11-49

6 Refrigeration and Air-conditioning, Sta. Maria, H.B., pp. 185

1.1875

)

0.9695

1.1875

ln /59

12

1.1875/12

+

0.9695

53

12

1

(

Uo

Uo

((

BTU

sq . ft .hrF

= 37.3356

Temperature

20F

15

F

tmax

5.37469

F

tmin

Length

For LMTD,

T max T min

T max

ln

T min

LMTD =

14.625319.62531

14.62531

ln

9.62531

LMTD = 11.9515F

Outside surface area,

Ao

Q

U oLMTD

Ao

12020060

37.335611.9515

V=

Ai

*v*

n

no . of pass

8

( 137.83

60 )

n=

0.25 (

1.939 2

) 2

12

= 448.094

Length of tubes,

L=

Ao

nd

3227.1336

2.375

456(

)

12

= 11.382 ft.

Brine Pump

By energy balance,

Qgain

120 TOR

Qlost

TOR

= m* Cp brine * t brine

= m*(0.68736

BTU

lb .F )*5F

lb .

min.

m = 6983.24

( brine )

V=

6983.24

50.665

( water)

(brine)

S .G .b

62.43

1.2322

= 50.665

= 137.83

cu . ft .

min .

lb.

cu . ft .

m

V

7.481 gal.

1 cu . ft .

V = 1031.109 gpm

For total dynamic head (H),

H = ( Zd

- Zs ) + (

Pd Ps

)

L

v2

P = f*( D

*( 2 )*

Where,

= 50.665

= 5.87667 mPa*s

1 KPa

1 000 000 mPa

v=2

For steel,

lb.

cu . ft .

14.7 psi

101.325 KPa

= 8.5257

107

psi*s

ft .

s

= 0.0000468

7 Marks Standard Handbook for Mechanical Engineers, 11 th ed., Table 19.1.9, pp.

19-19

8 Refrigeration and Air-conditioning, Stoecker and Jones, Table 6.1, pp. 104

0.0000463.28

1.939 /12

= 0.00093

Reynolds number,

Re =

vD

50.665

( 1.939

12 )

2

=

= 133 365.06

Hence,

112.197

22

*( 2 )* 50.665;

ft 2

s2

lbm

ft 3

1 lbf s 2

32.174 lbmft

1442

1 ft 2

P = 0.3265 psi

And,

H=

135.5

12

0.3265144

62.43

H = 12.04 ft.

For power of pump,

Power = V* *H = (137.83/60)*(50.665)*(12.04);

ft .lbf

s

1 hp

550 (ft .lbf )/s

Cold Storage

Dimensions for cold storage is assumed to be 30 20 12. It will house

four products, 10 tons each, namely eggplants, ripe pineapple, ripe tomatoes

and white potatoes having range of storage temperature, F, of 45-50, 40-45,

40-50, and 36-50 respectively. All products have a range of 85%-90% RH 10.

9 Refrigeration and Air-conditioning, Stoecker and Jones, Figure 6.1, pp. 105

Inside temperature of the cold storage will be maintain to 45F and relative

humidity of 88%. Initial temperature of products will be set 77F. Considering

extreme conditions, as in summer, outside temperature is assumed 86F and

average relative humidity in this season is 71% 11.

Product Load,

Qp

Qp

=[

m Cp t

10 Tons

2000 lb .

1 day

1hr .

(

)*( 24 hrs . )*( 3600 s )]*[0.94 + 0.88 + 0.95 + 0.77]*(77day

1 ton

45)

Qp

= 26.2222

Qp

BTU

s

1.055 KJ

BTU

= 27.6644 Kw

10 Marks Standard Handbook for Mechanical Engineers, 11 th ed., Table 19.1.16, pp.

19-22

11 pagasa.dost.gov.ph/index.php/general-weather/Philippine-cities-weatherforecast/27-climatology-and-agrometeorology

Qh

At sides, W

U=

1

1 x1 x2 x3 1

+ + + +

hi k 1 k 2 k 3 ho

1

=

1

3

6

4 1

+

+

+

+

1.65 1.4 0.3 4.9 6

U = 0.08903

Qw

BTU

hrsq . ft .F

Qw

= 1752.11

At sides, L

BTU

hr

= 0.51347 Kw

QL

= 2(U*A*t) = 2(0.08903*(30*12)*(86-45))

QL

At top,

= 2628.166

BTU

hr

= 0.7702 Kw

U=

1

1 x1 x2 x3 1

+ + + +

hi k 1 k 2 k 3 ho

1

1 4

6 3

1

+ +

+ +

6 12 1.4 8 1.65

U = 0.1734

Q t

Qt

BTU

hrsq . ft .F

BTU

hr

= 4265.8159

= 1.2501 Kw

Hence,

Qh

Qw

QL

Qh

Qt

= 2.53379 Kw

motor each, are operated inside the cold storage,

Qe

= 3700

Qe

BTU

hrhp

2 hp 2

= 4.337 Kw

cold storage,

Qo

= 0.28167

Qo

Kw

person

= 2.8167 Kw

10

Ql

Ql

Total heat load,

Qs

= 3.132 Kw

Qs

Qp

Qh

Qe

Qo

Ql

Qs

= 40.4839 Kw

Recirculated Air with External-Bypass System for Handling the Air Supplied to

Cold Storage

Qs ,

Qs ,

pressure for total pressure and for ventilation purposes, outside air is

30% of supply air by weight. Temperature at point 3 is assumed 5C.

QS

mCp t

12 Refrigeration and Air-conditioning, Stoecker and Jones, Internal Loads, Table 4-6,

pp. 72

40.4839

4.1868(7.22225)

m=

kg

s

m = 4.3512

Ql

= m w hfg

2.8167

4.35122450

h fg = 2450 KJ/Kg

= 0.0002642

kg m / kgda

At point 4,

Psat

Pv

* Psat

dp 4

t sat

= 0.89525 KPaa

@ 7.2222C = 5.3702C

h g = 2514.622 KJ/Kg

4

0.622Pv

PtP v

4

h4

0.6220.89525

101.3250.89525

= 0.0055446

kg m /kgda

= ( C pt ) + ( 4 * h g )

h4

= 21.20955 KJ/Kg

At point 3,

4

3

= 0.0055446 - 0.0002642

= 0.00528

kg m /kgda

0.622Pv

PtP v

Pv

= 0.85295 KPaa

t sat

Pv

t 3dp3

t 4 dp 4

54.65957

7.22225.3702

= 4.65957C

At bypass,

b=

mb

= 0.1838

At point 2,

c = 1 b = 0.8162

mc

c t2

t2

Psat

+ b t4

t3

= 4.49958C

Pv

@ 4.49958C =

= 0.842575 KPaa

h g = 2509.649 KJ/Kg

2

0.622Pv

PtP v

2

h2

0.6220.842575

101.3250.842575

= 0.005216

kg m /kgda

= ( C pt ) + ( 2 * h g )

h2

= 17.6178 KJ/Kg

At point 0,

Psat

Pv

* Psat

= 3.01466 KPaa

h g = 2556.3 KJ/Kg

0.622Pv

PtP v

0

h0

= 0.01907

0.6223.01466

101.3253.01466

kg m /kgda

= ( C pt ) + ( 0 * h g )

h0

= 78.943 KJ/Kg

mr

m1 -

m0 ;

m1 =

m2

= 0.8162m 0.3m

mr

= 0.5162m

Refrigeration Capacity,

R.C. =

h1

m 1

= 0.3m h0

- h2 );

m1 h1

+ 0.5162m h4

m0 h 0 +

mr hr

0.8162m h2

R.C. = 88.11885 Kw

For TOR of evaporator of cold storage,

88.11885 kW

1TOR

3.5167 Kw

= 25.057 TOR

Design procedure will use 30 TOR for cold storage evaporator to account for

other losses.

liquid, saturated vapor and superheated ammonia are taken from

Refrigeration and Air Conditioning by H.B. Sta. Maria, Table 1 pp. 185

and Figure 1 pp. 193.

At point 1,

h1

s1

=

=

sg

At point 2,

s1

s2

h2

= 5.8242 KJ/Kg*K

= 1520 KJ/Kg

At point 3,

h3

s3

=

=

At point 4,

h g @ 0C = 1461.7 KJ/Kg

sg

@ 0C = 5.6189 KJ/Kg*K

s3

s4

h4

= 5.6189 KJ/Kg*K

= 1648 KJ/Kg

At point 5,

h5

hf

h6

At point 6,

h5

= 390.587 KJ/Kg

At point 7,

h7

hf

@ 0C = 200 KJ/Kg

h7

h8

At point 8,

= 200 KJ/Kg

At -14.7918C evaporator,

m1 =

m2 =

m7 =

m1 =

m8 =

m2 =

m7

1203.5167

h1h8

=

1203.5167

1444.1707200

m8 = 0.33918 kg/s

At 0C evaporator,

m6

303.5167

h3h6

m6

303.5167

1461.7390.587

= 0.098497 kg/s

m

h3

m2

h2

h6

h7

m7

m h6

m 2 h 2 = m h3

m7 h 7

m = 0.417999 kg/s

At high-stage compressor,

m3 =

m6

+ m = 0.098497 + 0.417999

m3 = 0.516496 kg/s

Power for compressor,

Low-stage compressor

PLSC

m1 *( h2

PLSC

= 25.71978 Kw

High-stage compressor

PHSC

m3 *( h4

- h3 ) = 0.516496*(1648 - 1461.7)

PHSC

= 96.2232 Kw

Total power,

PC

PLSC

PC

PHSC

= 25.71978 + 96.2232

= 121.94298 Kw

QR

m3 *( h4

- h5 ) = 0.516496*(1648 - 390.587)

QR

= 649.44878 Kw

Design of Condenser

Using a horizontal shell-and-tube condenser, the condensing temperature is

40C at design condition. Water from cooling tower is assumed to enter the

condenser at 30C and leaves at 35C with a velocity of 2 m/s. Assuming a

two-pass condenser and tube diameter of 2.

Tube specifications13:

Nominal pipe size = 2

Schedule 80 XS

Outside diameter = 2.375

Inside diameter = 1.939

Thickness = 0.218

By energy balance,

QR

m=

mCp t

649.44878

4.1868(3530)

kg

s

m = 31.0236

V=

V = 0.03102

31.0236

1000

m

/kg

V=

n

A i *v*

no . of pass

13 Marks Standard Handbook for Mechanical Engineers, 11 th ed., Table 8.7.3, pp.8144

n=

0.031028

2

0.25 (1.9390.0254) 2

= 65.131

Use n = 72 tubes

Condensing coefficient14,

hcond .

Density,

3 0.25

g hfg k

= 0.725* ( tND )

h fg ,15

1

vf

1

1.7257

= 579.475

* 1000

kg

3

m

h fg = 1 099 833

J

kg

k = 0.447

W

mK

= 0.000122 Pa*s

Average number of tubes in a vertical row, N,

N=

13

= 5.53846

Hence,

14 Refrigeration and Air-conditioning, Stoecker and Jones, Condensers and

Evaporators, pp. 246

15 Refrigeration and Air-conditioning, Sta. Maria, H.B., Table 1, pp. 185

16 Refrigeration and Air-conditioning, Stoecker and Jones, Refrigerants, Table 15-5,

pp. 300

hcond .

hcond .

W

m K

= 4576.47287

xA o

kA m

0.25

9.81579.475 10998330.447

= 0.725* ( 0.00012255.53846(2.3750.0254) )

( 2.3751.939

)0.02542.375

2

59(

= 0.00009741

( 2.375+1.939 )

)

2

W

mK ,

m2K

W

Fouling factor17,

1

hff

= 0.000176

m K

W

Cp

= 995

= 4190

k = 0.617

kg

m3

J

kgK

W

mK

= 0.000773 Pa*s

Heat-transfer coefficient,

hw , at water-side19

n

Nu = C*(

)*( Pr

18 Refrigeration and Air-conditioning, Sta. Maria, H.B., pp. 250

19 Refrigeration and Air-conditioning, Stoecker and Jones, Condensers and

Evaporators, pp. 236

vD

C p

= 0.023*

)* (

)

hD

k

hw

2(1.9390.0254)995

41900.000773

0.000773

0.617

)* (

)

0.0230.617

= ( 1.9390.0254 )*

hw

W

m K

= 6762.5876

1

Uo

1

Uo

1

4576.47287

1

ho

xA o

kA m

+ 0.00009741 +

Ao

hff A i

2.3750.000176

1.939

Ao

hiAi

2.375

6762.58761.939

0.0007126

Uo

= 1403.279

W

m K

2

For LMTD,

Temperature

`

40C

tmax

35C

30C

Length

LMTD =

T max T min

T max

ln

T min

105

10

ln

5

tmin

LMTD = 7.21348C

Outside surface area,

Ao

Qr

U oLMTD

Ao

649.448781000

1403.2797.21348

= 64.15877 sq. m.

Length of tubes,

L=

Ao

nd

64.15877

72(2.3750.0254)

= 4.7019 m.

- 49101238-FINANCE-PROJECT-REPORT-ON-ICE-PLANT.pdfUploaded byDinesh Kumar
- Ice Plant ModelUploaded byAtul Sartape
- Heat Load Calculation (Cold Storage Plant)Uploaded byKenny Graiven
- Block Ice PlantUploaded byTommy Romano
- SMEDA Ice Plant (15 Tons)Uploaded byMohamed Morsy
- Solution to Problems on Design of Machine Elements 4th Edition- Virgil M Faires, Roy M Wingren (Problem Book)Uploaded byAhmed Zawad Shovon
- Ice Making PlantUploaded byzohaib bilgrami
- Handbook of Mechanical Refrigeration by MacIntireUploaded byJeric Ponteras
- Ice Making Plant Visit ReportUploaded byAnis Badshah
- ICE PLANT AND COLD STORAGE DESIGN.docxUploaded byDarren Manuel Tenerife
- Ice PlantUploaded byZion Bugna
- A Proposed Design of Ice PlantUploaded byNirob Mahmud
- Ice Plant StudyUploaded bygretzkin123
- Ice FactoryUploaded byshani27
- 1.5 mini ice plant pre feasibility studyUploaded byGeorge Tumaob Calaor
- Power Plant Design; Analysis DesignUploaded byDC Arkin
- Ref Aircon1A ReviewerUploaded byperezismael
- DIESEL ENGINE POWER PLANT DESIGNUploaded byka3bool13
- Multi-Pressure Refrigeration SystemsUploaded byciko_kacrut
- Solution Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Stoecker & JonesUploaded byKorn Chelsea
- Heat Load in Refrigeration SystemsUploaded byforeverdiesel
- Ice Plant in the Philippines - Philippine Business Directory ResultsUploaded byribozymes
- Design of Machine ElementsUploaded byscrappydappyboo
- PIPEUploaded byNelson Naval Cabingas
- Machine design problemsUploaded byMark Lucriana Mariscotes
- Multi Pressure Refrigeration CyclesUploaded bySyed Wajih Ul Hassan
- Diesel Power Plant.pdfUploaded byGandhy Boomers Kebebasan
- 2. Plant design .pdfUploaded bynegash tigabu
- INDUSTRIAL REFRIGERATION BEST PRACTICES GUIDEUploaded bypiggott12
- POWER PLANT ENGINEERING REVIEWER - COMPLETE.pdfUploaded byRichard Morales

- ICE PLANT AND COLD STORAGE DESIGN.docxUploaded byDarren Manuel Tenerife
- ICE PLANT AND COLD STORAGE DESIGN.docxUploaded byDarren Manuel Tenerife
- Sprinkler Systems Elements - Alcedo,Lopez,Marges,Parra,TenerifeUploaded byDarren Manuel Tenerife
- EnvironmentalUploaded byDarren Manuel Tenerife
- GlossaryUploaded byPRASAD326

- Car Ppt Ch19(1)Uploaded byReno Stramaglia
- EthicsUploaded byAi Heart Pink
- mocca_cvUploaded byBusana Amira
- 2016.03 _B5U04 Assignment Brief_Anthony ChowUploaded byTerwabe Wapagovski
- 08 Bank of America vs. CAUploaded byLouise Bolivar Dadivas
- Specpro.66.Pacioles, Jr. vs. Chuatoco-Ching, 466 SCRA 90, G.R. No. 127920 August 9, 2005Uploaded byJanp001
- 6. COCOFED vs. Republic.docxUploaded byJay Kent Roiles
- Derivatives analysis from the investor perceptionUploaded byThakur Anurag Singh
- Transformational CIOUploaded bySaket
- Benediction for GiftsUploaded byOrland Daniel D. Batongbakal
- A Primer on the MACDUploaded byTecwyn Lim
- Modification Form TSOUploaded byJoshuva Anand
- Pakistan Security Challenges.pdfUploaded bySikandar Hayat
- Classes of SharesUploaded byCherlyn Mae Uy
- Renewable Energy Snapshot: AzerbaijanUploaded byUNDP in Europe and Central Asia
- bilingulismUploaded byapi-235065651
- Football Kits: 13 of the Most Weird and Horrendous Jerseys in HistoryUploaded byfootball_teamkits
- Bacon's Contribution to English ProseUploaded byAbdulRehman
- 4 HappinessUploaded by-Abuyahya Purwanto-
- Apartment C.08.1 Candy & CandyUploaded byShane Croucher
- The Original Lists of Persons of Quality; Emigrants; Religious Exiles; Political Rebels; Serving Men Sold for a Term of Years; Apprentices; Children Stolen; Maidens Pressed; And OthersUploaded byShakir Daddy-Phatstacks Cannon
- ADRUploaded byGokul Rungta
- Drama 1st TestUploaded byNati Solange Correa
- Inequality Lesson Plan 2Uploaded byjacksw187
- Cinema_Film-Studies-Policing-Cinema-Movies-and-Censorship-in-Early-Twentieth-century-America.pdfUploaded byGuilherme Santos
- 2016 DIKTI Fulbright Master Application FormUploaded byNettha
- Bankruptcy Dismissal for Lone Ranger Holdings the Dwight Jory companyUploaded bybelievethings
- FM - Chapter 28Uploaded byAmit Sukhani
- chapter 4 study guide answer keyUploaded byapi-277056993
- IndexUploaded byCharlyn Acojedo Malimata