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Marcelino, N.B. Mercury Report

Marcelino, N.B. Mercury Report

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Mercury

REPORT

Natlia Borges Marcelino

Sumrio

1 Mercury Properties

1.1 Chemical Properties .

1.2 Physical Properties . .

1.2.1 Vapor Pressure

1.2.2 Vapor Density .

1.2.3 Vapor Viscosity

1.2.4 Liquid Density

1.2.5 Liquid Viscosity

1.2.6 Surface Tension

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Mercury Properties

1.1

Chemical Properties

Tabela 1.1: Chemical properties of Lithium

Feature

Name

Mercury

Symbol

Hg

Atomic number

80

Atomic Weight

200.592 10 3 kg/mol

Boiling point

629.77K

Melting point

234.32K

Heat of vaporization (L) 59110J/kg

Heat of Fusion

2295J/kg

1.2

Reference

[1]

[1]

[1]

[1]

[1]

Esta errado

Physical Properties

All equations in this work result in a International System Unit (S.I.) which

means [p] = P a, [] = kg/m3 , [] = P a.s, [ ] = N/m and [T ] = K

1.2.1

Vapor Pressure

The Equation 1.1 is represented in Figure 1.1 and has a uncertainty of 1% for

temperatures of 273 400K, 0.15% for the intermediate temperature region

from 400K to the normal boiling point at 629.77K and 0.5% for temperatures

above the normal boiling point but below 900K [2]

p=

e

(1.1)

T

where

f (t) =

31.0889985t8 + 58.0183959t8 .5 27.6304546t9

(1.2)

and

t=

T

1764

(1.3)

1.2.2

Vapor Density

Some vapor can be describe as a ideal gas. Mercury is one of them [2] and

Figure 1.2 provides experimental data [3] and ideal gas equation 1.4.

Mp

(1.4)

RT

where R = 8.314462J/Kmol is the gas constant, M the atomic weight and

p is given by equation 1.1

v =

1.2.3

Vapor Viscosity

Tabulated values and Equation 1.5 [4] are given in Figure 1.3. The Equation

1.5 has accuracy of 1.7%.

v = (8.692T + 0.0015265T 2 ).10

(1.5)

1.2.4

Liquid Density

The data [1] presented at Figure 1.4 are accurate within: 0.1kg/m3 or

less between 263.15 and 473.15K; and 0.2 between 473.15 and 573.15K .

l = 14247.1

2.39826T

(1.6)

1.2.5

Liquid Viscosity

Figure 1.5 present experimental data [1] and a fit curve describe by Equation

1.7

l = e

23.5398+2.05769 ln T + 2289.88

T

(1.7)

1.2.6

Surface Tension

As can be seen in Figure 1.6 experimental data [1] present higher value than

Equation 1.8 propose for National Physical Laboratory, London UK [5] and

values present in chart by Chi [6].

= 0.489

2.31 10 4 (T

235.15)

(1.8)

Referncias Bibliogrficas

[1] HAYNES, W. Crc handbook of chemistry and physics, 96th edition. CRC

Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. Taylor & Francis, 2015.

[2] HUBER, M. L.; LAESECKE, A.; FRIEND, D. G. The vapor pressure of

mercury. Technical Report NISTIR 6643, National Institute of Standards

and Technology, 2006.

[3] DEVERRAL, J. E.; KEMME, J. E.; FLORSCHUETZ, L. W. Sonic

limitations and startup problems of heat pipes. Technical Report LA4518, Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory of The University Of California,

1970.

[4] EPSTEIN, L. F.; POWERS, M. D. Liquid metals. i. the viscosity of

mercury vapor and the potential function for mercury. The Journal of

Physical Chemistry, v. 57, n. 3, p. 336341, 1953.

[5] NPL.

Kaye

&

laby,

national

http://www.kayelaby.npl.co.uk, 2014.

physical

laboratory,

[6] CHI, S. Heat pipe theory and practice: a sourcebook. McGraw-HillHemisphere Series in Fluids and Thermal Engineering. Hemisphere Pub.

Corp., 1976.

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