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Ankle Plantar Flexion

Prime Mover: Soleus, gastrocnemius

Synergists: Fibularis longus, fibularis brevis, posterior tibialis, flexor hallucis longus,
flexor digitorum longus, plantaris

Antagonists: Tibialis anterior, extensor digitorum longus, extensor hallucis longus,


peroneus tertius

Neutralizers: The posterior tibialis and medial gastrocnemius neutralize the eversion
force created by the soleus, lateral gastrocnemius and the fibularis muscles.

Stabilizers: Fibularis longus, fibularis brevis, fibularis tertius, posterior tibialis, anterior,
flexor hallucis longus, flexor digitorum longus, extensor hallucis longus, extensor
digitorum longus

Fixators: Medial and lateral stabilizers of knee, quadriceps, musculature of the foot.

Ankle Dorsi Flexion

Prime Mover: Tibialis anterior

Synergists: Extensor digitorum longus, extensor hallucis longus, peroneus tertius

Antagonists: Soleus, gastrocnemius, fibularis longus, fibularis brevis, posterior tibialis,


flexor hallucis longus, flexor digitorum longus, plantaris

Neutralizers: The fibularis tertius and extensor digitorum longus neutralize inversion
force created by tibialis anterior and extensor hallucis longus. The toe flexors stabilize
the toe extension force created by extensor hallucis longus, and extensor digitorum
longus.

Stabilizers: Fibularis longus, fibularis brevis, fibularis tertius, posterior tibialis, flexor
hallucis longus, flexor digitorum longus, extensor hallucis longus, extensor digitorum
longus

Fixators: Medial and lateral stabilizers of knee, quadriceps, popliteus, musculature of the
foot.

Ankle Inversion

Prime Mover: Tibialis anterior, tibialis posterior

Synergists: Medial gastrocnemius, flexor hallucis longus, flexor digitorum longus,


extensor hallucis longus

Antagonists: Soleus, lateral gastrocnemius, fibularis longus, fibularis brevis, fibularis


tertius, extensor digitorum longus, plantaris

Neutralizers: Careful balance between groups is important to prevent unwanted ancillary


motion. It is difficult to name specific neutralizers, as inversion rarely occurs in isolation.

Stabilizers: Fibularis longus, fibularis brevis, fibularis tertius, flexor hallucis longus,
flexor digitorum longus, extensor hallucis longus, extensor digitorum longus

Fixators: Medial and lateral stabilizers of knee, quadriceps, popliteus, musculature of the
foot.

Ankle Eversion

Prime Mover: Fibularis longus, fibularis brevis

Synergists: Fibularis tertius, soleus, lateral gastrocnemius, extensor digitorum longus,


plantaris

Antagonists: Tibialis anterior, tibialis posterior, medial gastrocnemius, flexor hallucis


longus, flexor digitorum longus, extensor hallucis longus

Neutralizers: Careful balance between groups is important to prevent unwanted ancillary


motion. It is difficult to name specific neutralizers, as eversion rarely occurs in isolation.

Stabilizers: fibularis tertius, tibialis anterior, tibialis posterior, flexor hallucis longus,
flexor digitorum longus, extensor hallucis longus, extensor digitorum longus

Fixators: Medial and lateral stabilizers of knee, quadriceps, popliteus, musculature of the
foot.

Ankle Dorsi Flexion and Inversion

Prime Mover: Tibialis anterior

Synergists: Extensor hallucis longus

Antagonists: Soleus, lateral gastrocnemius, fibularis longus, fibularis brevis, plantaris

Medial gastrocnemius, posterior tibialis, flexor hallucis longus, flexor digitorum longus,
extensor digitorum longus, fibularis tertius

Neutralizers:In this analysis we could view those muscles that act as synergists in one,
but not both joint actions as neutralizers of excessive motion. In this case those muscles
would be:
o Invertors: Medial gastrocnemius, posterior tibialis, flexor hallucis longus, flexor
digitorum longus,
o Dorsi Flexors: Extensor digitorum longus, fibularis tertius

Stabilizers: Fibularis longus, fibularis brevis, fibularis tertius, posterior tibialis, flexor
hallucis longus, flexor digitorum longus, extensor hallucis longus, extensor digitorum
longus

Fixators: Medial and lateral stabilizers of knee, quadriceps, popliteus, musculature of the
foot.

Ankle Plantar Flexion and Eversion

Prime Mover: Soleus, lateral gastrocnemius

Synergists: Fibularis longus, fibularis brevis, plantaris

Antagonists: Tibialis anterior, extensor hallucis longus

Neutralizers:In this analysis we could view those muscles that act as synergists in one,
but not both joint actions as neutralizers of excessive motion. In this case those muscles
would be:
o Evertors: fibularis tertius, extensor digitorum longus
o Plantar flexors: Medial gastrocnemius, posterior tibialis, flexor hallucis longus,
flexor digitorum longus

Stabilizers: Fibularis longus, fibularis brevis, fibularis tertius, posterior tibialis, flexor
hallucis longus, flexor digitorum longus, extensor hallucis longus, extensor digitorum
longus

Fixators: Medial and lateral stabilizers of knee, quadriceps, popliteus, musculature of the
foot.