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emergency numbers
Police: 999 Medical: 999 Fire Department: 999 civil defense 991 and fire 994 in parallel with 999; 112 can be dialed from mobile phones

exchange rate
HK$1 Hong Kong Dollar is RM0.4166 Malaysian Ringgit HK$5 Hong Kong Dollar is RM2.083 Malaysian Ringgit HK$10 Hong Kong Dollar is RM4.166 Malaysian Ringgit HK$20 Hong Kong Dollar is RM8.332 Malaysian Ringgit HK$50 Hong Kong Dollar is RM20.83 Malaysian Ringgit HK$100 Hong Kong Dollar is RM41.66 Malaysian Ringgit RM1 Malaysian Ringgit is HK$2.4003 Hong Kong Dollar RM5 Malaysian Ringgit is HK$12.0015 Hong Kong Dollar RM10 Malaysian Ringgit is HK$24.003 Hong Kong Dollar RM20 Malaysian Ringgit is HK$48.006 Hong Kong Dollar RM50 Malaysian Ringgit is HK$120.015 Hong Kong Dollar RM100 Malaysian Ringgit is HK$240.03 Hong Kong Dollar

time Zone
Kuala Lumpur is in the UTC+8 time zone. That’s 0 hours ahead of Hong Kong. 8:00 AM in Hong Kong is 8:00 AM (the same day) in Kuala Lumpur. 8:00 AM in Kuala Lumpur is 8:00 AM (the same day) in Hong Kong.

tipping policy
Taxi: None Restaurant: None Porter: None

electricity standard, Weather Forecast
Wed, Jun 04 H: 103°F, L: 86°F Thu, Jun 05 H: 96°F, L: 84°F Fri, Jun 06 H: 97°F, L: 86°F Sat, Jun 07 H: 100°F, L: 85°F Sun, Jun 08 H: 101°F, L: 84°F

Joke
Two muffins were sitting in an oven, and the first looks over to the second, and says, “man it’s really hot in here”. The second looks over at the first with a surprised look, and answers, “WHOA, a talking muffin!”

An up-to-date travel guide prepared for

C h r i s d av i e s

kuala Lumpur
K ua l a l u m p u r , J u n 1 9 – J u n 2 6, 2 0 0 8

Maps Weather What to do Where to go Lodging dining

The travel guide made just for

C h r i s d av i e s

Copyright 2008, Offbeat Guides

Contents
Maps Kuala Lumpur Region View Kuala Lumpur City View Kuala Lumpur Neighborhood View Kuala Lumpur Street View Kuala Lumpur Districts Understand By road By bus By train By boat Get around By taxi By car On foot See Do Buy Eat Drink Sleep Contact Respect Stay healthy Stay safe Get out Kuala Lumpur History Geography Weather Demographics Population statistics Local government Politics Economy Tourism Retail 8 8 10 12 14 16 16 17 22 23 25 25 25 25 26 26 27 28 29 30 31 33 33 34 35 35 36 38 39 41 41 42 43 44 44 45 47 48

Architecture Parks Arts Sports and recreation Media Transportation Education Sister cities Events Thursday, June 19, 2008 Friday, June 20, 2008 Saturday, June 21, 2008 Sunday, June 22, 2008 Monday, June 23, 2008 Tuesday, June 24, 2008 Wednesday, June 25, 2008 Thursday, June 26, 2008 Weather Forecast References Offbeat Resources

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Kuala Lumpur, Jun 19–Jun 26, 2008

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Kuala Lumpur region view

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Kuala Lumpur, Jun 19–Jun 26, 2008

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Kuala Lumpur City view

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Kuala Lumpur, Jun 19–Jun 26, 2008

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Kuala Lumpur neighborhoo

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od view

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Kuala Lumpur street view

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Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur , or simply KL, is the capital of Malaysia. Literally meaning “muddy estuary” in Malay, KL has grown from a small sleepy village to a bustling metropolis (metro population 6.9 million) in just 150 years. With the world’s cheapest fivestar hotels, great shopping and even better food, increasing numbers of travellers are discovering this little gem of a city.

districts
Kuala Lumpur is a fairly sprawling city and its residential suburbs seem to go on forever. The city also merges with ■ KLCC_PetronasTowers the adjacent towns of (Correct caption to be inserted) Petaling Jaya (originally developed as KL’s dormitory suburb), Subang Jaya, Shah Alam, Klang and Port Klang, creating a huge metropolis called the Klang Valley. The city can be divided up into the following areas, each of which offers a particular attraction or activity.
■■ City

Center – This is the traditional core of Kuala Lumpur where you’ll find former colonial administrative center with the Merdeka Square, Sultan Abdul Samad Building and Selangor Club. This district also includes Kuala Lumpur’s old Chinese commercial center which everyone refers to now as Chinatown. ■■ Golden Triangle – The area of Kuala Lumpur located to the northeast of the city center, the Golden Triangle is where you’ll find the city’s shopping malls, five-star hotels, Petronas Twin Towers and party spots. ■■ Tuanku Abdul Rahman – This is the traditional colourful shopping district of Kuala Lumpur north of the city center

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and moves into high gear when the festivals of Hari Raya Puasa (Eid ul-Fitr) and Deepavali approach. Located just beside the Golden Triangle (northern neighbour) with many popular budget accommodations. The gigantic Putra World Trade Centre & the traditional Kampung Baru food haven are among the most important landmarks. ■■ Brickfields – This area, located south of the city center, is Kuala Lumpur’s Little India filled with saree shops and banana leaf rice restaurants. Kuala Lumpur’s main railway station – KL Sentral – is located here. ■■ Bangsar and Midvalley – Located south of the city, Bangsar is a popular restaurant and clubbing district while Midvalley, with its Megamall, is one of the city’s most popular shopping destinations. ■■ Damansara and Hartamas – Largely suburban, this two districts to the west of the city houses some interesting pockets of restaurant and drinking areas. This district virtually merges into the northern part of Petaling Jaya. ■■ Ampang – Located east of the city, Ampang is home to Kuala Lumpur’s Little Korea and most foreign embassies. ■■ Northern suburbs – This huge area to the north of the city is home to several attractions, such as Batu Caves, the National Zoo and the Forest Research Institute of Malaysia. ■■ Southern suburbs – This district may not interest travellers although Kuala Lumpur’s main stadium at Bukit Jalil and The Mines theme park is located here.

understand
Founded only in 1857 as a tin mining outpost, Kuala Lumpur is fairly new as far as Malaysian cities go and lacks the rich history of George Town or Malacca. After rough early years marked by gang fighting, Kuala Lumpur started to prosper and was made capital of the Federated Malay States in 1896. Malaysia’s independence was declared in 1957 in front of huge crowds at what was later named Stadium Merdeka (Independence Stadium), and Kuala Lumpur continued as the new nation’s capital. The economic boom of the 1990s brought KL the standard trappings of a modern city, bristling with skyscrapers and modern transportation systems. Like most of Malaysia’s big

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cities, about 55% of Kuala Lumpur’s population is of Malaysian Chinese descent.
kuala lumpur international airport (klia)

All scheduled jet flights, whether domestic or international, arrive at the Kuala Lumpur International Airport ( ) located about 50km to the southwest of Kuala Lumpur, in the Sepang district of Selangor. The US$2.5bil modern structure of glass and steel was inaugurated in 1998 and has been ranked as one of the top airports of the world. It replaced the former Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah International Airport in Subang, which is now used for chartered and turboprop flights. Over 50 airlines call at KLIA. A new Low Cost Carrier Terminal (LCCT) opened in March 2006, and is currently used by AirAsia . Though the LCC Terminal is across the runway tarmac from the Main Terminal Building, it is nearly 20km away by road. Frequent shuttle buses connect the two terminals, costing RM1.50 per trip. At the Main Terminal Building, catch the shuttles at the Bus Terminal on the Ground Floor of the Car Park C building, while at the LCCT, wait for the buses at the bus bays right in front of the terminal.
(Correct caption to be inserted)

■ 800px-KLskylin

Transfers - Main Terminal By train:
■■ The

high-speed KLIA Ekspres links the airport directly with the KL Sentral transportation hub in Kuala Lumpur in 28mins. Trains run from 5am to 12 midnight. There is one train every 15mins between 5am and 9am, and between 4pm and 10pm while trains run every 20mins outside those hours. The cost of a one-way ticket is RM35. There is no discount on return tickets. Those using this service to get to KLIA can check in their baggage at the Kuala Lumpur City Air Terminal in KL Sentral. The city check-in service however is only available to Created for Chris Davies

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those flying Malaysia Airlines, Cathay Pacific and Royal Brunei Airlines although on 13 July 2007, KLIA Ekspres’ operator Express Rail Link said passengers flying on all 43 airlines which call at KLIA will be able to check in their luggage at KL Sentral from 23 July 2007. As of then only Emirates has started operating. See “Get around” section below on how to get to/away from KL Sentral. ■■ The KLIA Transit , like the KLIA Ekspres, also links the airport with KL Sentral except that it stops at three intermediate stations - Salak Tinggi, Putrajaya, and Bandar Tasik Selatan. The journey takes 36mins. The fare from end to end is the same as for the KLIA Ekspres, which is RM35. Different fares apply for journeys to the intermediate stations. From KL Sentral, trains run every half hour from 5.33am to 0.03am, while from KLIA, trains run every half hour from 5.52am to 1am. You may use of KLIA Ekspres’ check-in services even when holding a KLIA Transit ticket. ■■ You can also catch KTM Komuter trains to Nilai station and take a connecting bus to KLIA. The frequent Nilai-KLIA buses are operated by Airport Coach and Sepang Omnibus. The entire journey may take about two hours, but the cost is considerably cheaper than the above two options. For example, the fare from KL Sentral to Nilai is RM4.70 while the bus fare from Nilai to KLIA is about RM2.50. You can also use the KTM Komuter to go to other destinations, such as Seremban in Negeri Sembilan. For other KTM Komuter destinations, see “Get around” section below. By bus:
■■ Airport

Coach runs a one hourly express bus between KL Sentral and KLIA from 5am to 10.30pm from Sentral, and 6.30am to 12.30am from KLIA. RM10 one way, or RM18 return. ■■ Star Shuttle bus runs from KLIA to Chinatown (Kota Raya and Pudu Raya), RM10 one way. ■■ Sepang Omnibus runs local bus services directly to Seremban in Negeri Sembilan, Banting in Selangor and Sepang town where you can get connecting buses to/from Port Dickson, Negeri Sembilan. The buses may be a little basic and

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uncomfortable, and do not follow a timetable (at least, not one that is publicly known). ■■ Both Airport Coach and Sepang Omnibus run frequent buses between KLIA and Nilai where you continue your journey on the KTM Komuter. See the “Get around” section below for details on the KTM Komuter. Alternatively, you can take the bus to the LCCT then connect to KLIA. KLIA: Only Airport Limo limousines and budget taxis are allowed to pick up passengers at the airport. You buy coupons from Airport Limo counters just before you exit the international arrivals ■ 800px-Kl_monorai gate, or just outside the (Correct caption to be inserted) domestic arrivals gate. Ask for a budget taxi, which is perfectly fine and costs a fixed RM67.40 to get to Kuala Lumpur otherwise you’ll be given a misnamed “limousine” that costs an extra RM20. ■■ To KLIA: Any taxi can bring passengers to KLIA, including Kuala Lumpur’s metered red-and-white taxis, although you will find it very difficult to get drivers to use the meters. Make sure you agree on a price before getting into the taxi. Fares should be between RM60 and RM90. By road: If you have your own wheels, KLIA is well connected to Peninsular Malaysia’s expressway network. The airport is directly linked with the North South Expressway Central Link (known by its Malay abbreviation “Elite”) about 70km or nearly one hour away from Kuala Lumpur city centre. Exit the expressway at KLIA interchange for both the Main Terminal and LCCT. Transfers - Low Cost Carrier Terminal (LCCT)
■■ From

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By train:
■■ There

are no direct train connections to the LCCT (although the government has agreed to build one). However, you can take either train from KL Sentral to the Main Terminal, then catch the shuttle bus to the LCCT.

By bus:
■■ SkyBus

runs direct services every half hour or so from KL Sentral to the LCCT. RM9 one-way. ■■ Aerobus also runs direct bus services every half hour from KL Sentral to the LCC Terminal. RM9 one-way, free return journey. ■■ Star Shuttle (Tel: +60-3-40438811), newly launched in January 2007, has direct buses to the Pekeliling Bus Terminal and Batu 3 (3rd Mile) Jalan Ipoh in Kuala Lumpur, as well as direct connections to the Subang Jaya KTM Komuter station and the PKNS Building in Shah Alam. Check its website for schedules. Fares are RM9 per trip. By taxi:

Any taxi can bring passengers to the LCCT, including Kuala Lumpur’s metered red-and-white taxis, although you will find it very difficult to get drivers to use the meters. Make sure you agree on a price before getting into the taxi. Fares should be between RM60 and RM90. By road: The LCCT is about 20km from the Main Terminal and can be accessed via the KLIA circular or airport cargo road.
subang airport

The Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport , more commonly referred to as the Subang Airport, was the country’s main international airport until KLIA was opened in 1998. It was designated for turboprop aircraft and since 19 October 2007, Malaysia Airlines subsidiary “community airline” Firefly flies daily to/from Kuala Lumpur, Jun 19–Jun 26, 2008

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Tioman Island, five times a week to/from Pangkor Island, and special flights to Redang Island. It also has two flights weekly to/ from Ko Samui in Thailand. Getting there/away: The airport is 25 km from the city center and the best way to get there is by taxi. Rapid KL bus U81 (destination Mah Sing and Pekan Subang) from the Sultan Mohd Bus Hub next to the Pasar Seni LRT station goes past the airport. Fare is RM2 and the ticket is valid for the whole day for all RapidKL routes with “U” prefix. by road Most important roads in Peninsular Malaysia lead to/from Kuala Lumpur. The city lies about midway along the North-South Expressway (NSE; route numbers E1 and E2) which runs from the Malaysia-Thailand border at Bukit Kayu ■ Kltransi Hitam, Kedah to Johor (Correct caption to be inserted) Bahru in the south, on the Malaysian side of the Causeway to Singapore. The main expressway exits for Kuala Lumpur on the NSE are Jalan Duta (from the north) and Sungai Besi (from the south). The Karak Highway (E8), which later turns into the East Coast Expressway, links Kuala Lumpur with the East Coast states of Pahang, Terengganu and Kelantan. For those who do not want to pay toll, Kuala Lumpur is on Federal Route One (the “Trunk Road”) which, like the NSE, runs through all West Coast states of Peninsular Malaysia from Bukit Kayu Hitam, Kedah to Johor Bahru. Those travelling along the West Coast Road (Federal Route Five) should leave the road at Klang and get to Kuala Lumpur via the Federal Highway.

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by bus Kuala Lumpur has several bus terminals (Malay: stesen bas or hentian) which handle long distance express bus services; many destinations are served by more than one terminal.
puduraya

The biggest (and invariably most crowded) terminal, located in the city centre near Chinatown. Beware of pickpockets, ticket touts and other undesirables, especially late at night. Access: Plaza Rakyat station (Ampang and Sri Petaling Lines) is within walking distance; many local bus stops nearby. To/from Hat Yai, in Thailand:
■■ Konsortium

Bas Ekspres Semenanjung () (Counter 73. Tel: +60-3-20313036) has departures at 1000 - RM45 one-way.

To/from Singapore:
■■ Transnasional

(Tel: +60-3-20703300) is Malaysia’s biggest long-distance bus company. Economy class departures to Singapore’s Lavender Street terminal at 0859 - RM30 oneway and takes 5 hours. ■■ Konsortium Bas Ekspres Semenanjung () (Counter 81. Tel: +60-3-20701321) has several buses daily to/from the Golden Mile complex in Singapore.
hentian putra

Most (but not all) East Coast services use this terminal which is located to the north of the city centre on Jalan Putra. Access: PWTC station (Ampang and Sri Petaling Lines) and Putra station (both KTM Komuter lines) are within walking distance.
hentian duta

Many north-bound Transnasional express buses use this terminal which is located a distance to the west of the city centre on Jalan Duta.

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Note that Airport Coach buses to Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) no longer use this terminal - they now use KL Sentral instead. Access: the only convenient way is by taxi.
kuala lumpur old railWay station

Now used as a bus terminal, but still handles commuter trains on both KTM Komuter lines, also accessible via Rapid KL City Shuttle No. 109, 115. Plusliner luxury services (under the brand names “Nice” and “Platinum Service”) are based here; destinations include Penang, Johor Bahru, Singapore, and Hat Yai in Thailand.
others

■ KL_Towe
(Correct caption to be inserted)

Corus Hotel (on Jalan Ampang) serves as the terminal for Aeroline express buses to/from Singapore. Access: KLCC station is 300m away. Rapid KL City Shuttle No. 103, 104, 105, 106, 114.

First Coach services to/from Singapore leave from the 1 Utama shopping mall in Petaling Jaya — considerably less convenient than their previous location in Bangsar, alas. Access: RapidKL U82 to KL Sentral. Tel booking: 03-7725 3311 MATIC - Malaysian Tourist Information Complex on Jalan Ampang serves as Transnasional’s Executive Coach terminal (Tel: +60-3-21611864). Departures to Singapore (0900 - RM69.90 one-way) and to Penang. Pekeliling bus terminal is on Jalan Tun Razak to the north of the city centre, and handles local bus services to some Pahang destinations like Genting Highlands, Bentong, Raub and Temerloh. Access: Titiwangsa station is within walking distance. Rapid KL City Shuttle No. 101, 102, 103, 104, 109.

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by train KTM’s intercity trains arrive at the new KL Sentral railway station, located (despite the name) a fair distance to the south of the city center. Take the Putra LRT or KL Monorail to the city center, or RM10 coupon taxi to most destinations in the city center. Most services are available at the station, including showers (RM5 for shower only, RM15 if you want a towel & toiletries too). by boat Kuala Lumpur is not located by the sea. However, there are ferry connections to/from Sumatra (Indonesia) at Port Klang, about 40 km west of Kuala Lumpur. See the Port Klang article for details on how to get there.

get around
The first phase of Kuala Lumpur’s ambitious public transport system is now complete, but there’s still a fair amount of room for improvement. by taxi With RM2 flagfall and RM0.10 for every 200m after the first 2 km, red and white normal taxis are not very expensive in Kuala Lumpur and are probably the best way to get around, at least outside the congested peak hours. Note that bright yellow premium taxis have a RM4 flagfall and also charge a bit more by kilometer. There are also various small surcharges for radio call (RM1), baggage (RM1 per piece), etc. Try to get the driver to use the meter, although this may be difficult when demand exceeds supply as most cabbies consider the official rates too low. If you have to bargain, aim for RM5 for short trips, RM10 if going across town. If staying in a fancy hotel, tell the driver the name of the mall next to it to lower his expectations. A few popular places (notably the airport, KL Sentral and Menara KL) enforce prepaid coupon systems, which generally

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work out more expensive than using the meter, but cheaper than bargaining. Some taxi drivers will hang around near hotels offering tours similar to those offered by established companies. Feel free to listen to their offers and bargain with them if you like. Some of these cabbies are quite knowledgeable and you may end up with a specially tailored, private tour for less than the cost of an official tour. If you get so off the beaten track that you need to call a cab: ■■ Comfort Cabs +603-62531313 ■■ Sunlight Taxi +60-390575757 ■■ Public Cab +603 62592020 ■■ Uptown Ace +603 92832333

■ 800px-Bombaypoin
(Correct caption to be inserted)

by car Driving in Kuala Lumpur can be a nightmare, with heavy traffic, a convoluted web of expressways and poor signage to guide you through it all. Reckless drivers are common - Malaysia infamously has one of the highest road accident rates in the world. Suicidal motorcyclists will also keep you on your toes. Do not park at the road of busy districts such as Bangsar, Bukit Bintang etc. Other cars might lock you in by parking next to you in the 2nd or 3rd lane. Use covered parking lots or park a bit off the beaten path and then walk back. on Foot KL is a notoriously pedestrian-hostile city, with heavy traffic (and aggressive drivers), few pedestrian crossings / pathways, and poorly maintained foot-paths. Walking within some districts (e.g. Chinatown and Bukit Bintang) is feasible but walking long distance generally is not. Lately, pick-pockets and bag-snatchers

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on motorbikes have been a problem, especially in Chinatown district, so care needs to be taken. When it rains the sidewalks and streets turn into small rivers and crossing a street can be an adventure.

see
Kuala Lumpur is one of those cities which is short on must-see attractions: the real joy lies in wandering randomly, seeing, shopping and eating your way through it. It’s hot, humid and sometimes crowded though, so schedule some air-conditioned downtime in shopping malls or restaurants into your plan. You may find that most attractions are only crowded on weekends/ holidays and deserted on weekdays. The following gives a brief description of KL’s attractions according to district. See the respective district pages for more details. The main attractions are spread throughout the city, although the greatest concentration of places of interest are in the City Center, where you’ll find the Independence Square (Dataran Merdeka) where Malaysia’s independence was declared at the start of Aug 31, 1957; the Sultan Abdul Samad Building and other Colonial-era buildings surrounding the square; the National Mosque; the Moorish-style Kuala Lumpur Railway Station which now houses a mini-museum on Malaysian railway history; many of KL’s other museums including the National Museum; and the pretty Lake Gardens to the west. Within the city center is also the fascinating narrow streets of Chinatown, KL’s traditional commercial district, with its many Chinese shops and places to eat. Another area of interest to the traveller is the Golden Triangle. Although predominantly a shopping and nightlife district, it is also home to the Kuala Lumpur City Center (KLCC) and the Petronas Twin Towers, once the world’s tallest building. In the nearby KL Convention Center is the Aquaria KLCC which contains some 5,000 varieties of tropical fish. Just south of the Twin Towers is Menara KL Tower, which is situated on top of Bukit Nanas (Pineapple Hill), a forest reserve right in the heart

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of the city. Views from the Tower are far superior than those from the Petronas Towers, though it is not a particularly easy place to reach by public transport. There are also several attractions just outside Kuala Lumpur which are worth visiting. The Batu Caves in the Northern suburbs of Kuala Lumpur, are located in a limestone outcrop and are the focal point of the fascinating annual Thaipusam festival, usually held in February. The caves are easily accessible by RapidKL bus U6 from Titiwangsa station, though ask the driver to let you know the correct stop as the caves are not immediately obvious. Malaysia’s National Zoo (Zoo Negara) is also located in the north of the city. ■ KLC
(Correct caption to be inserted)

do

KL is the type of city where the first things that come to mind when you talking of doing anything is “eating” and “shopping”, both of which are adequately covered by the Eat and Buy sections. Those activities aside, KL has its fair share of sporting opportunities such as golfing, cycling, running, jogging and even equestrian. If you’re into rock climbing, the Batu Caves in Northern Kuala Lumpur is a popular weekend haunt of those wanting to scale some heights. However, for anything more strenuous and challenging, you’re better of heading to other spots in country. Malaysia is trying to encourage greater cultural expression and KL has several good theatres and places for performances, such as the National Theatre (Istana Budaya) and KL Performing Arts Centre (KLPac) in the northern part of the city, the KL Philharmonic in KLCC, and the Actors Studio in Bangsar.

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You can also get a good dosage of pampering in KL. For those in search of spas, there are several five-star hotel-connected as well as independent treatment centers in the Golden Triangle. You’ll also find heaps of reflexology and foot massage places everywhere but especially in Bukit Bintang in the Golden Triangle and Chinatown. Of course, you can always immerse yourself at The Sampuoton Fish Spa the first fish therapy designer concept spa in Malaysia. A unique trait that sets it apart from the rest, the highly-priced Garra Rufa fishes from Turkey found at the Sampuoton Spa are known to rejuvenate and relax the soul while providing great beautification benefits for your whole body.

buy
There’s some great shopping to be done in Kuala Lumpur. Goods are available in every price bracket, and while electronics are a tad more expensive than in Singapore or Hong Kong they can still be much cheaper than Europe. Kuala Lumpur’s premier shopping district is the Bukit Bintang area in the Golden Triangle, named after the street of the same name, although stores and hotels sprawl in all directions along Jalan Sultan Ismail and Jalan Imbi. A number of large shopping malls within the area cater to varying budgets. Fans of electronic gadgets would delight in the multitude of choices at Low Yat Plaza, whilst shoppers hunting for the latest in affordable Asian style should definitely check out Times Square and Bukit Bintang / Sungei Wang Plaza. Pavilion is a recent addition to the cluster of shopping malls in this area and houses a wide range of international retail brands in an ultra-modern complex. There is also a large shopping mall at KLCC, which is approximately 2 kms walk from the Bukit Bintang area. Several popular malls lie outside the Golden Triangle. The Bangsar and Midvalley areas are home to some of the best shopping malls in KL, namely the MidValley Megamall and the adjacent upmarket The Gardens, the more cozy Bangsar Village and Bangsar Shopping Center in Bangsar.

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There are also many shopping malls in the neighbouring towns of Petaling Jaya and Subang Jaya. Despite the onslaught of malls, KL still offers some Asian tradition with traditional shopping streets and markets. The best area for such shopping is Chinatown in the City Center. This district is also the best place to hunt for souvenirs, especially in Central Market, a former produce market which has been converted into an art and craft market.

eat
Malaysians are obsessed with food and it is hardly surprising that as the country’s capital, Kuala Lumpur reflects this love affair with eating. You’ll be able to find the entire range of Malaysian cuisine (although some, especially those from Penang, argue that what you get in KL is not the best) as well as food from around the world.

■ 450px-Akle
(Correct caption to be inserted)

As far as the budget is concerned, you can eat fairly well for fairly little in KL. Just head to the roadside stalls and what Malaysians call coffeeshops (kedai kopi) - a shop which operates like a food court with many stalls selling a variety of food (mostly Chinese, and hence, non-halal). Some coffeeshops offer streetside dining by placing their tables on the sidewalks of roads. Coffeeshops are found on virtually every street in KL but Chinatown (especially Jalan Sultan, Jalan Hang Lekir and Jalan Petaling) in the City Center and Jalan Alor in the Golden Triangle have some of the greatest concentration of coffeeshops and stalls. They mostly open only at night. Rivaling the coffeeshops in terms of numbers, as well as the price of food, are what Malaysians call “Mamak shops” - food outlets run by Indian Muslims. They can also be found at almost every street corner in KL. The food is of course halal. The streetside version, called the “Mamak stall” is also popular. One famous

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collection of streetside Mamak stalls is at Jalan Doraisamy near the Heritage Row (see Tuanku Abdul Rahman page). Food courts in shopping malls can also provide you with a good opportunity to sample Malaysian food in more hygienic conditions, although the prices will be a little higher than coffeeshops. KL has a good number of restaurants, some of them offering better food than others. The Golden Triangle, Bangsar and Midvalley, Heritage Row and some areas in Damansara and Hartamas are the usual places for people looking for a restaurant meal. Beware that most restaurants close by 10 PM, so you’ll probably need to look for street food if hungry at night. In terms of ethnicity, Chinatown is the best place to search for Chinese food, although all kinds of Chinese cuisine, from the simplest to the most sophisticated, can be found all over KL. Head to Lebuh Ampang in the City Center and Brickfields for Indian food. Malay food can be found in Jalan Masjid India, Chow Kit and Kampung Baru areas in the Tuanku Abdul Rahman district. Bangsar has many high-end restaurants offering Western food. If you are dying for Korean food, head to Ampang Jaya. A lot of Arab and Middle Eastern restaurants have mushroomed in Bukit Bintang.

drink
KL has quite a vibrant nightlife and the Golden Triangle is the epicenter of most of the partying which goes on in the city. Jalan P. Ramlee, just south of KLCC, is Kuala Lumpur’s central clubbing area, while the action also spills onto Jalan Sultan Ismail, Jalan Ampang, Jalan Pinang and Jalan Perak. Nearby Bukit Bintang also throbs with action, and its neon-lit nightclubs, many of them with hostesses, certainly have a more Asian feel to them. Heritage Row, in the Tuanku Abdul Rahman district, is fast catching up as a popular nightspot. It occupies a row of refurbished colonial-era shop houses and is now home to one of KL’s swankiest clubs and trendy bars. Strictly for well heeled visitors and locals. It is located on Jalan Doraisamy just off Jalan Sultan Ismail and Jalan Dang Wangi.

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Bangsar has long been one of the busiest places in Kuala Lumpur after the sun goes down. The action is around Jalan Telawi and its side streets, and is definitely the place to go for clubbing and deafening music. Sri Hartamas and Mont Kiara in the Damansara and Hartamas district have popular pubs and some clubs as well as nice coffee places. You may be able to find live performances in some of the outlets. After a tiring night out, Malaysians like to head to Mamak stalls - basically streetside stalls or shops operated by Indian Muslims - which offer a range of non-alcoholic beverages like teh ■ 800px-ColonialShoplot tarik (frothed tea) and (Correct caption to be inserted) light food. In fact, these stalls have also become night hangouts in their own right, and many outlets have installed wide-screen projectors and TV where they screen football matches. Most outlets are open 24 hours. They are found all over the city and are a wonderful part of the Malaysian night scene. Another trend that has hit Malaysia is the kopitiam fad, basically a more upmarket version of the traditional Chinese coffeeshop. These mostly open during the day and offer some of the best tea and coffee and light meals and snacks like nasi lemak and the ever popular toast with kaya (coconut jam). If you prefer Western style coffee, there are many coffee outlets in KL, most of them part of international and local chains like Starbucks, Coffee Bean and Tea Leaf and San Francisco Coffee. Most of them can be found in shopping malls.

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sleep
KL’s budget accommodation is mostly found in Chinatown in the City Centre where a bed for the night can be as little as RM20. Increasingly, more are opening in the Bukit Bintang and Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman / Chow Kit and Jalan Ipoh areas which are near the Golden Triangle, where prices are slightly higher than in Chinatown but you’ll be next to KL’s entertainment, shopping and dining center. The places also tend to be more spacious and cozy. Try and avoid any hostels marked Rumah Tumpangan; these are dodgy boarding houses for foreign workers or cater to the trade where rooms are rented out by the hour. Mid-range hotels are comparatively poor value in KL, and it’s worth it to spend a little extra (or look a little harder) for a true luxury hotel on the cheap. KL has a deserved reputation as one of the world’s cheapest places to experience five-star luxury, with rooms available for as little as RM250 (at the right time and with the right discounts). Most of KL’s best hotels are located in the Golden Triangle, smack in the middle of all the shopping, dining and entertainment that you will need during your visit to KL. For travellers between KL and Singapore, the Aeroline coach terminates outside the making it a convenient place to stay. There are some accommodation providers, like , that are located in the outskirts of Kuala Lumpur. Such hotels provide guests a bit of convenient isolation from the urban bustle. Please see the individual KL district pages of a list of places to stay.

contact
Internet cafes are quite plentiful in KL and you can find them in most malls. If you have your own laptop, Maxis’ WLAN service is the best deal around: as of Dec.07, a prepaid RM15 card gets you unlimited use for two weeks. Few hotels in Kuala Lumpur offer Internet access in their rooms. However, some hotels around the KL Sentral station now start to install LAN cables with Internet access in the rooms. Furthermore, many

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hotels offer free WiFi access in their lobbies. Free WiFi access is also available from many dining establishments and shopping complexes in the city
■■ Malaysia

Tourism Centre (MTC), 109 Jalan Ampang (between KLCC and Dang Wangi), . Formerly MATIC, this tourist information centre has a wealth of information on Malaysia, occasional cultural shows, surly staff and semi-crippled but free PCs for browsing the Net. Coffee ■■ Starbucks Company, selected outlets in KL (including KL Sentral). Selected outlets of Starbucks in KL have partnered with the Time telecommunications company to provide free Zone Wi-Fi service to customers who have ■ KLchinatow Wi-Fi-equipped laptops (Correct caption to be inserted) or PDAs. Outlets which do not have free Zone Wi-Fi usually have commercial WLAN services such as Maxis’ WLAN in its place. ■■ Air Asia Counter in KL Sentral Several computers with internet access are available for you to check out the Air Asia website (and maybe glance at your e-mail or the news quickly)

respect
Kuala Lumpur is a liberal city and wearing shorts, short skirts and low-cut tops is fine. That said, many temples require covering up, and you’ll get more respect from officialdom if you dress up a little. Also, keep in mind that while you may drink at bars, public drunkenness is a no-no! You will be robbed while you are at it, and sooner or later you’ll see yourself in the rear seat of a police car.

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stay healthy
Tap water is generally safe in Kuala Lumpur, although many visitors prefer to stick to bottled water anyway. There is no malaria, but local mosquitoes can carry dengue fever. The only way to avoid contracting dengue is to prevent bites by the Aedes mosquito. Citronella coils (called Ubat Nyamuk = “Mosquito Medicine” locally) are readily available in stores and can be burned in your hotel room to effectively repel mosquitoes. Between May and October, KL is occasionally shrouded in dense haze from forest fires in Sumatra, which can be a health concern for asthmatics (and pretty unpleasant for everybody). However, the haze comes and goes quickly, and varies greatly from year to year: it was terrible in 2006, but nonexistent in 2007.

stay saFe
You’re unlikely to be a victim of violent crime in KL, but pickpockets are common and bag snatching is on the rise. Keep a close eye on your valuables in crowds, especially street markets and public transport (especially during rush hour), and hold your bag on the side away from the street if there are motorbikes around. Taxis are generally safe, but they often refuse to use the meter and a few cabbies will gouge tourists mercilessly. If they won’t use the meter, then don’t take that taxi, as by law they are required to use the meter. However if you are desperate to use that taxi, agree on the fare in advance, and try to get an estimate of the cost from a local before you climb on board. Be careful of a scam that has been going on for years, and seems to be doing the rounds again - you may be approached by someone on the street. They tell you that they have a friend / relative who is going to your country as a student and needs some information about living there. They ask you to go back to their place for 20 minutes to meet the person. When you get there, the person is out, so they ask you to wait and in the meantime an uncle or someone likes to play cards. They teach you how to play and how to win........ and to cut a long story

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short you end up gambling and losing money, and some people have had trouble getting away, or have been robbed etc. Malaysian law requires that visitors carry their passport at all times, and both police and “RELA” (civil volunteers) carry out spot checks for illegal immigrants. Locals are very friendly to the tourists. Greet them well with warm smile and if they can speak and understand English, they will be happy to show you around. Be friendly! If you are lost, just ask someone on the street.

get out
Highlands, 40 minutes by road using the East Coast Highway, has cooler weather, theme parks for the kids and a casino for the adults. ■■ Putrajaya, Malaysia’s megalomaniacal new federal admin■ 450px-Berjaya_Times_Squar istrative centre is 30 km to the (Correct caption to be inserted) south (20 min by train called KLIA Transit) along the way to the airport. ■■ Kuala Selangor, 1 hour northwest of KL, is famous for its fireflies and seafood restaurants. ■■ Singapore. 55 minutes by plane, 5 hours by bus. A globalised city with good tourist attractions. Kuala Lumpur Kuala-Lumpuro Kuala Lumpur Kuala Lumpur Kuala Lumpur ???????? Kuala Lumpur Kuala Lumpur Kuala Lumpur
■■ Genting

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Asia/Malaysia/States and Federal Territories/Kuala Lumpur/ asia/southeastasia/malaysia/kualalumpur

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Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur (, Malay and locally or even ), is the capital and the largest city of Malaysia. The city proper, making up an area of 244 km2, has an estimated population of 1.6 million in 2006. It is the fastest growing metropolitan region in the country, in terms of population as well as economy. Kuala Lumpur is the seat of the Parliament of Malaysia, making it the country’s legislative capital. The city was once home to the executive and judicial branches of the federal government, but they ■ 800px-CentralMarke have since moved to (Correct caption to be inserted) Putrajaya starting in 1999. Some sections of the judiciary remain in the capital. The official residence of the Malaysian King, the Istana Negara, is also situated in Kuala Lumpur. The city is also the cultural and economic center of Malaysia due to its position as the capital as well as being a primate city. Kuala Lumpur is rated as a gamma world city, and is the only global city in Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur is defined within the borders of the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur and is one of three Malaysian Federal Territories. It is an enclave within the state of Selangor, on the central west coast of Peninsular Malaysia. Residents of the city are known as KLites. Beginning in the 1990s, the city has played host to many international sporting, political and cultural events including the 1998 Commonwealth Games and the Formula One World Championship.

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history
Kuala Lumpur has its origins in the 1850s, when the Malay Chief of Klang, Raja Abdullah, hired some Chinese labourers to open new and larger tin mines. They landed at the confluence of Sungai Gombak and Sungai Klang (Klang River) to open mines at Ampang. Sungai Gombak was previously known as Sungai Lumpur, which means muddy river. The city thus derived the name Kuala Lumpur which literally means “muddy confluence” in Bahasa Malaysia. Later, tin mines were opened at Pudu and Batu. Among the early notable pioneers are Hiu Siew and Liu Ngim Kong. These mines became a trading post and was considered a frontier town with many problems including the Selangor Civil War; it was also plagued by diseases and constant fires and floods. In 1880, the state capital of Selangor was moved from Klang to the more strategically advantageous Kuala Lumpur. In 1881, a flood swept through the town following a fire which engulfed it earlier. These successive problems destroyed the town’s structures of wood and atap (thatching). As a response, Frank Swettenham, the British Resident of Selangor, required that buildings be constructed of brick and tile. A mixture of different communities settled in various sections of Kuala Lumpur. The Chinese mainly settled around the commercial centre of Market Square, east of Klang River, and towards Chinatown. The Malays, Indian Chettiars, and Indian Muslims resided along Java Street (now Jalan Tun Perak). The Padang, now known as Merdeka Square, was the center of the British administrative offices. During World War II, Kuala Lumpur was captured by the Japanese army on January 11, 1942. They remained in occupation until August 15, 1945, when the commander in chief of the Japanese Seventh Area Army in Singapore and Malaya, Seishiro Itagaki, surrendered to the British administration following the Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Kuala Lumpur grew through the war, the rubber and tin commodity crashes and the Malayan Emergency, during which Malaya was preoccupied

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with the communist insurgency. Kuala Lumpur remained the capital through the formation of Malaysia on September 16, 1963. On May 13, 1969, one of the worst racial riots in Malaysia took place in Kuala Lumpur. and led to a major reform in the country’s economic policy. Kuala Lumpur later achieved city status in 1972, becoming the first settlement in Malaysia to be granted the status after independence. Later, on February 1, 1974, Kuala Lumpur became a Federal Territory. Kuala Lumpur ceased to be the capital of Selangor in 1978 after ■ KL_view_from_Skybridg the city of Shah Alam (Correct caption to be inserted) was declared as the new state capital.

In 1998, another political movement known as Reformasi took place mainly in this city. On February 1, 2001, Putrajaya was declared a Federal Territory, as well as Malaysia’s capital. The administrative and judicial functions of the government were shifted from Kuala Lumpur to Putrajaya. Kuala Lumpur however still retained its legislative function, and remained the home of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King). In November 2007, two of the largest political rallies since 1998 took place in the city—the Bersih rally on November 10 and the HINDRAF rally on November 25. The Bersih rally was organised by a number of non-governmental organisations and opposition political parties to demand electoral reform in the country with about 50,000 people taking to the streets. The HINDRAF rally was organised by HINDRAF (Hindu Rights Action Front)

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and was attended by at least 30,000 mainly ethnic Indian protesters demanding equal social and economic rights from the Bumiputras.

geography
The geography of Kuala Lumpur is characterized by a huge valley known as Klang Valley. The valley is bordered by the Titiwangsa Mountains in the east, several minor ranges in the north and the south and the Strait of Malacca in the west. Kuala Lumpur is a Malay term which translates to “muddy confluence” as it is located at the confluence of the Klang and Gombak rivers. Located in the center of Selangor state, Kuala Lumpur was previously under the rule of Selangor State Government. In 1974, Kuala Lumpur was separated from Selangor to form the first Federal Territory governed directly by the Malaysian Federal Government. Its location on the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia, which has wider flat land than the east coast, has contributed to its faster development relative to other cities in Malaysia. The municipality of the city covers an area of 243.65 km2 (94.07 sq mi), with an average elevation of 21.95 m (72 ft). Weather Protected by the Titiwangsa Mountains in the east and Indonesia’s Sumatra Island in the west, Kuala Lumpur has a year-round equatorial climate which is warm and sunny, along with plentiful rainfall, especially during the southwest monsoon from September to April. Temperatures tend to remain constant. Maximums hover between 31°C and 33°C (88-92°F) and have never exceeded 37°C (99°F), while minimums hover between 22°C and 23.5°C (71-74°F) and have never fallen below 19°C (66°F). Kuala Lumpur typically receives 2,266 mm (93.1”) of rain annually; June and July are relatively dry, but even then rainfall typically exceeds 125 mm (5”) per month. Flooding is a frequent occurrence in Kuala Lumpur whenever there is a heavy downpour, especially in the city centre and downstream areas. Dust particles from forest fires from nearby Sumatra sometimes cast a haze over the region. It is a major

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source of pollution in the city together with open burning, emission from motor vehicles and construction work.

demographics
Kuala Lumpur also has a mix of different cultures. Unlike the whole of Malaysia, where Malays comprise the ethnic majority, the majority of Kuala Lumpur residents are Chinese.

Malays speak the national language of Bahasa Melayu and are also able to converse in English; some even Mandarin and Tamil. Malays form the bulk of the members of Parliament and dominate the political scene in Malaysia.. In the late 18th century, when Europe was experiencing the Industrial Revolution, large groups of Chinese from Fujian and Guangdong in China were brought in to Malaya to work in ■ 401px-Torres_Petronas_ the booming tin mining industry. (Correct caption to be inserted) The Chinese in Kuala Lumpur speak different dialects but the majority in Kuala Lumpur are of Cantonese descent, followed by the Hokkiens and the Hakkas. Similarly, due to the education system provided by the government, Chinese in Kuala Lumpur are able to converse in English, Bahasa Malaysia, Mandarin and are able to bridge the divide among the local dialects. Indians formed 10% of the population in Kuala Lumpur in 2000. Historically, most of the Indians were brought in during the British colonisation of the Malaysia. Most Indians practise Hinduism and speak Tamil or Hindi and English. Most of their customs and traditions are intricately tied with their religion. Hence, during the Hindu festivals such as Deepavali, Indians will perform colourful rites and visit temples.

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Malay is the official language but English is widely spoken in the city especially in business and is a required subject in all schools. Chinese dialects (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hakka, Hokkien, Hainan) and some Indian and Pakistani languages (Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Punjabi, Pashtu) as well as the languages of migrant workers (Indonesian, Nepalese, Vietnamese, etc.) are also spoken in the city. The city has many places of worship catering to the multireligious population. Islam is practised primarily by the Malays and the Indian Muslim communities while other religions include Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism (mainly among Chinese), Hinduism (among Indians) and Christianity. Due to the rapid development in Malaysia and Kuala Lumpur which requires a large workforce, foreign workers from Indonesia, Nepal, Burma, Thailand, Bangladesh, Vietnam and China were brought into Malaysia. population statistics The estimated population of Kuala Lumpur in 2006 was 1.58 million. With a population density of 6,502 people per km2, it is the most densely populated administrative district in Malaysia. With an estimated metropolitan population of 6.9 million in 2007, it can be considered a primate city. The continuing decline in the birth rate for Kuala Lumpur has resulted in the decline in the proportion of young people below 15 years old from 33% in 1980 to slightly less than 27% in 2000. On the other hand, the working age group of 15-59 increased from 63% in 1980 to 67% in 2000. The elderly age group, 60 years old and above has increased from 4% in 1980 and 1991 to 6% in 2000. Based on the census of the Department of Statistics, the percentage of Bumiputra population was around 38% in 2000 while the Chinese population comprised 43% and Indians 10%. A notable phenomenon has been the increase in the presence of foreign residents in Kuala Lumpur, who now constitute about 9% of the city’s population. Crime in Kuala Lumpur has been a concern of residents in recent years. Among the crimes showing increasing rates were snatch

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theft, drug addiction, gambling and vice.. These problems have been associated with the rising numbers of immigrants from Indonesia and Myanmar. Some of them are brought in with the promise of low to medium grade salary. local government The local administration is carried out by the Kuala Lumpur City Hall, an agency under the Federal Territories Ministry of Malaysia. They are responsible for public health and sanitation, waste removal and management, town planning, environmental protection and building control, social and economic development and general maintenance functions of urban infrastructure. Executive power lies with the mayor in the city hall, who is ■ 800px-Kuala_Lumpur_Sultan_Abdul_Buildin appointed for three (Correct caption to be inserted) years by the Federal Territories Minister. This system of appointing the mayor has been in place ever since the local government elections were suspended in 1970. Since Kuala Lumpur became a Federal Territory of Malaysia on February 1 1974, the city has been led by eight mayors. The current mayor of Kuala Lumpur is Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan, who is in his first term of office. (2 December 2006) .Dewan Bandaraya Kuala Lumpur He was appointed in 2006. politics Kuala Lumpur is home to the Parliament of Malaysia. The parliament is composed of a lower House of Representatives (Dewan Rakyat) and an upper House of Senate (Dewan Negara). The city is represented in the lower House of Representatives by eleven Members of Parliament (MPs), who are elected to fiveyear terms. Traditionally, political leanings in Kuala Lumpur have been dominated by Barisan Nasional (BN), with seven representatives from BN and the other four from the Democratic Action Party (DAP) prior to the 2008 General Elections. After the Created for Chris Davies

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2008 elections BN was left with just one representative, Federal Territories Minister Zulhasnan Rafique, in the Setiawangsa seat. DAP took control of five seats, Parti Keadilan Rakyat taking four seats, and PAS one seat, marking the first time in which the majority of the Federal Territory’s constituencies was dominated by opposition parties.

economy
Kuala Lumpur and its surrounding urban areas form the most industrialized and economically the fastest growing region in Malaysia. In short the city remains the economic and business center of the country. In fact the city is a center for finance, insurance, real estate, media and the arts in Malaysia. The infrastructure development in the surrounding areas such as the Kuala Lumpur International Airport at Sepang, the creation of the Multimedia Super Corridor and the expansion of Port Klang further reinforce the economic significance of the city. Bursa Malaysia or the Malaysia Exchange is based in the city and forms one of its core economic activities. As of 20 November, 2007, the market capitalisation stood at US$318.65 billion. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for Kuala Lumpur is estimated at RM25,968 million in 2000 with an average annual growth rate of 4.2 percent. The per capita GDP for Kuala Lumpur in year 2000 is RM30,727, an average annual growth rate of 6.1 percent. The total employment in Kuala Lumpur is estimated at around 838,400. The service sector comprising finance, insurance, real estate, business services, wholesale and retail trade, restaurants and hotels, transport, storage and communication, utilities, personal services and government services form the largest component of employment representing about 83.0 percent of the total. The remaining 17 percent comes from manufacturing and construction. The large service sector is evident in the number of local and foreign banks and insurance companies operating in the city. Kuala Lumpur is poised to become the global Islamic Financing hub with an increasing number of financial institutions

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providing Islamic Financing and the strong presence of Gulf’s financial institutions such as the world’s largest islamic bank, Al-Rajhi Bank and Kuwait Finance House. Apart from that, the Dow Jones & Company is keen to work with Bursa Malaysia to set up Islamic Exchange Trade Funds (ETFs), which would help raise Malaysia’s profile in the Gulf. The city has a large number of foreign corporations and is also host to many multi national companies’ regional offices or support centres, particularly for finance and accounting, and information technology functions.

■ 800px-KL-night_skylin
(Correct caption to be inserted)

Most of the countries’ largest companies have their headquarters based here and as of December 2007 and excluding Petronas, there are 14 companies that are listed in Forbes 2000 based in Kuala Lumpur. Other important economic activities in the city are education and health services. Kuala Lumpur also has advantages stemming from the high concentration of educational institutions located within its boundaries, providing a wide range of courses. Such public institutions include the University of Malaya, the Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, International Medical University and the Medical Faculty of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. There are also a large number of private colleges, including the Universiti Tun Abdul Razak and Tunku Abdul Rahman College, in and around Kuala Lumpur providing a wide range of courses which attract students from all over Malaysia as well as from other countries. There are numerous public and private medical specialist centres and hospitals in the city which offer general health services and a wide range of specialist surgery and treatment catering to locals and tourists.

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There has been growing emphasis to expand the economic scope of the city into other service activities such as research and development which supports the rest of the economy of Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur has been home for years to important research centers such as the Rubber Research Institute of Malaysia, the Forest Research Institute Malaysia and the Institute of Medical Research and more research centers are expected to be established in the coming years. tourism The tourism sector also plays an important part in the city’s economy, providing income, employment and expanding business opportunities. As an extension of this, many large worldwide hotel chains have presence in the city. Kuala Lumpur has also developed into an international shopping destination with a wide variety of shopping centres and mega malls which carry well-known global and local brands. Conference tourism has also expanded in recent years and is becoming a very important component of the industry. Major destinations include the House of Parliament, Kuala Lumpur Tower, Putra World Trade Centre, Dataran Merdeka, Tugu Negara, Istana Negara, Istana Budaya, mosque such as the Masjid Negara and the Federal Territory Mosque, Muzium Negara, and other tourist attractions including Aquaria KLCC, Makam Pahlawan, National Science Centre, Eye on Malaysia, Zoo Negara, Batu Caves, and events such as the Chinese cultural festivals at the Thean Hou Temple and the Thaipusam procession at the Sri Mahamariamman Temple. The Golden Triangle, the commercial hub of the city, contains the Petronas Twin Towers and has a distinctive nightlife. Trendy nightclubs, bars and lounges, such as Hard Rock Cafe, Zouk, Thai Club, Beach Club (voted Best Bar in Asia), Luna Bar, Rum Jungle, Nuovo, Espanda and many others are located within and around Jalan P. Ramlee, Jalan Sultan Ismail and Jalan Ampang. Hotels, from five-star to budget types, have cropped up everywhere to accommodate the influx of tourists each year. While there are many hotels near Kuala Lumpur’s entertainment and business districts, some have chosen to veer away from the hustle and bustle.

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retail Kuala Lumpur alone has 66 shopping malls and it is the retail and fashion hub for Malaysia. Shopping in Malaysia contributes RM7.7 billion (USD 2.26 billion) or 20.8 percent of the RM31.9 billion tourism receipts in 2006. and Kuala Lumpur, as Malaysia’s retail hub, plays a big role in attracting consumers. Suria KLCC is one of Malaysia’s premier shopping destinations due to its location beneath the Petronas Twin Towers, the world’s tallest twin towers and second and third-tallest singular towers. Apart from Suria KLCC, Bukit Bintang, which resembles Tokyo’s Ginza, New York’s Fifth Avenue and Singapore’s Orchard Road has the highest concentration of shopping outlets in Kuala Lumpur. Bukit Bintang which is part of the Kuala Lumpur’s Golden Triangle, spans over 3 roads which are Jalan Bukit Bintang, Jalan Imbi and Jalan Sultan Ismail. It houses various cafes, alfresco dining outlets and shopping complexes namely Berjaya Times Square, Bukit Bintang Plaza, Imbi Plaza, Kuala Lumpur Plaza, Low Yat Plaza, Starhill Gallery, Sungei Wang Plaza, Lot 10, and Pavilion KL. Furthermore, the Bangsar district also has a few shopping complexes. Mid Valley Megamall, The Gardens and Bangsar Village are a few to be named. Damansara area in the north-west of Kuala Lumpur is the home of IKEA outlet, locally operated Ikano Power Centre, The Curve shopping mall, Cathay Multi Screen Cinemas and 1 Utama, another mega mall is situated less than one kilometre away.

Apart from shopping complexes, Kuala Lumpur has designated numerous zones in the city to market locally manufactured products such as textiles, fabrics and handicrafts. The Chinatown of Kuala Lumpur, or commonly known as Petaling Street, is one of them. Chinatown features many pre-independence buildings with Straits Chinese and European traditions influence. The Kuala Lumpur’s Central Market, which was once the city’s wet market, offers an assortment of arts and craft merchandise, varying from antiques and paintings to souvenirs and clothing. It is also known as Pasar Seni in Malay. Since 2000, the Ministry of Tourism of Malaysia has kick-started the mega sale event for all shopping in Malaysia. The mega sale

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event is held thrice in a year—in March, May and December— where all shopping malls are encouraged to participate to boost Kuala Lumpur as a leading shopping destination. architecture The architecture of Kuala Lumpur is a blend of old colonial influences, Asian traditions, Malay Islamic inspirations, modern, and postmodern architecture mix. Being a relatively young city compared with other Southeast Asian capitals such as Bangkok, Jakarta and Manila, most of Kuala Lumpur’s colonial buildings were built toward the end of 19th and early 20th century. These buildings have Moorish, Tudor, Neo-Gothic or Grecian-Spanish style or architecture. Most of the styling has been modified to use local resources and acclimatized to the local climate, which is hot and humid all year around. Prior to the Second World War, many shophouses, usually two storeys with functional shops on the ground floor and separate residential spaces upstairs, were built around the old city center. These shop-houses drew inspiration from Straits Chinese and European traditions. Some of these shophouses have made way for new developments but there are still many standing today around Medan Pasar (Old Market Square), Chinatown, Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman, Jalan Doraisamy, Bukit Bintang and Tengkat Tong Shin areas. Independence coupled with the rapid economic growth from the 1970s to the 1990s and with Islam being the official religion in the country, has resulted in the construction of buildings with a more local and Islamic flavour arise around the city. Many of these buildings derive their design from traditional Malay items such as the songkok and the keris. Some of these buildings have Islamic geometric motifs integrated with the designs of the building, signifying Islamic restriction on imitating nature through drawings. Examples of these buildings are Menara Telekom, Menara Maybank, Dayabumi Complex, and the Islamic Center. Some buildings such as the Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia and National Planetarium have been built to masquerade as a place of worship, complete with dome and minaret, when in fact it is a place of science and knowledge. The

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452 metre tall Petronas Twin Towers were designed to resemble motifs found in Islamic art. Late modern and postmodern architecture began to appear in the late 1990s and early 2000s. Buildings with all glass shell appears around the city, with the most prominent example being the Petronas Twin Towers and Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre. Kuala Lumpur’s central business district today has shifted around the Kuala Lumpur City Center (KLCC) where many new and tall buildings with modern and postmodern architecture fill the skyline. parks The Perdana Lake Gardens, a 92 hectare manicured garden near the Malaysian Parliament building, was once home to a British colonial official. The park includes a Butterfly Park, Deer Park, Orchid Garden, Hibiscus Garden and Kuala Lumpur Bird Park, Southeast Asia’s largest bird park. Other parks in the city include, the ASEAN Sculpture Garden, Kuala Lumpur City Centre Park (KLCC), Titiwangsa Lake Gardens, Metropolitan Lake Gardens in Kepong, Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Taman Tasik Permaisuri (Queen’s Lake Gardens), Bukit Kiara Botanical Gardens, Equestrian Park and West Valley Park near TTDI, and Bukit Jalil International Park. There are three forest reserves within the city namely the Bukit Nanas Forest Reserve in the city center, the oldest gazetted forest reserve in the country (10.52 hectares), Bukit Sungai Putih Forest Reserve (7.41 hectares) and Bukit Sungai Besi Forest Reserve (42.11 hectares). Bukit Nanas, in the heart of the City Centre, is one of the oldest virgin forests in the world within a city. These residual forest areas are home to a number of fauna species particularly monkeys, tree shrews, squirrels and birds. arts Kuala Lumpur is a hub for cultural activities and events in Malaysia. Among the centres is the National Museum which is situated along the Mahameru Highway. Its collection comprises artifacts and paintings collected throughout the country.

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Kuala Lumpur also has an Islamic Arts Museum which houses more than seven thousands Islamic artefacts including rare exhibits from China as well as a library of Islamic art books. This museum features some impressively decorated domes and large open exhibition spaces. It is located at Jalan Lembah Perdana next to the National Mosque. The premier performing arts venue is the Petronas Philharmonic Hall. The resident orchestra is the Malaysian Philharmonic Orchestra (MPO), consisting of musicians from all over the world and features regular concerts, chamber concerts and traditional cultural performances. The National Art Gallery of Malaysia is located on Jalan Temerloh, off Jalan Tun Razak on a 5.67 hectare site neighbouring the National Theater (Istana Budaya) and National Library. The architecture of the gallery incorporates elements of traditional Malay architecture, as well as contemporary modern architecture. The National Art Gallery serves as a centre of excellence and trustee of the national art heritage. The Petronas Art Gallery, another centre for fine art, is situated in Kuala Lumpur City Centre (KLCC). The Galeri Tangsi near Dataran Merdeka houses exhibitions of works by local and foreign artists. The Kuala Lumpur Performing Arts Centre (KLPac) in Sentul West is one of the most established centres for the performing arts, notably theatre, music, and film screening, in the country. It has housed many local productions and has been a supporter of local and regional independent performance artists. One of the highlights in 2006 was the KL Sing Song 2006 music fest which featured Malaysian singer-songwriters of various cultural backgrounds, from both West and East Malaysia, through two days of performances and workshops. Kuala Lumpur holds the Malaysia International Gourmet Festival annually. Another event hosted annually by the city is the Kuala Lumpur Fashion Week, which includes international brands as well as local designers.

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sports and recreation Kuala Lumpur has numerous parks and open spaces for recreational purposes. Total open space for recreational and sport facilities land use in the city has increased significantly by 169.6 percent from 586 hectares in 1984 to 1,580 hectares in 2000. Kuala Lumpur is one of the host cities for the Formula One World Championship, the open-wheel auto racing A1 Grand Prix and the Motorcycle Grand Prix with races being held at Sepang International Circuit in the neighbouring state of Selangor, next to the Kuala Lumpur International Airport. The Formula One event contributes significantly to tourist arrivals and tourism income to Kuala Lumpur. This is evident during the Asian Financial Crisis in 1998. Despite cities around Asia suffering declining tourist arrivals, Kuala Lumpur tourist arrivals increased from 6,210,900 in 1997 to 10,221,600 in 2000, or 64.6% increase in tourist arrivals. KL Grand Prix CSI 5*, a five-star international showjumping equestrian event is held annually in the city. This annual event draws the world’s top riders and their prized horses to Malaysia. Other annual sport events hosted by the city include the KL Tower Run, the KL Tower International BASE Jump Merdeka Circuit and the Kuala Lumpur International Marathon. Kuala Lumpur is also one of the stages of the Tour de Langkawi cycling race. The annual Malaysia Open Super Series badminton tournament is held in Kuala Lumpur. Kuala Lumpur has a considerable array of sports facilities of international class after hosting the 1998 Commonwealth Games. Many of these facilities including the main stadium (with running track and a football field), hockey stadium and swimming pools are located in the National Sports Complex at Bukit Jalil while a velodrome and more swimming pools are located in Bandar Tun Razak, next to the Taman Tasik Permaisuri Lake Gardens. There

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are also soccer fields, local sports complexes, swimming pools and tennis courts scattered around the suburbs. Badminton and ‘takraw’ courts are usually included in community halls. Kuala Lumpur has several golf courses including the Kuala Lumpur Golf and Country Club (KLGCC) and the Malaysia Civil Service Golf Club in Kiara and the Berjaya Golf Course at Bukit Jalil. The city also has numerous large private fitness centers run by California Fitness, Fitness First, Celebrity Gym, True Fitness and the major five star hotels. media There are several newspapers, including daily newspapers, business newspapers and also a digital newspaper, based in Kuala Lumpur. Daily newspapers include Utusan Malaysia, Berita Harian, Harian Metro, The Star, New Straits Times, The Sun, Malay Mail, Kosmo! as well as other language newspapers. Kuala Lumpur is also the headquarters for Malaysia’s state broadcaster RTM and commercial station TV3. Programmes are broadcast in Malay, English, Chinese and Tamil. The city is also home to the country’s main pay-TV service, Astro, a satellite television service, which broadcasts local and global television channels such as CNN, BBC World, Star World and HBO. Al-Jazeera, the Doha-based Arab news network has launched a new English-speaking channel called Al-Jazeera English to boost its international viewership with one of its broadcast centers based in Kuala Lumpur. Phoenix TV, a Hong Kong based television broadcaster has also announced plans to expand its regional business by partnership with local satellite TV provider, Astro. The Hong Kong office of Channel V International, an international music channel, relocated its programme production unit in Kuala Lumpur by appointing the local company Double Vision Sdn Bhd. In March 2008, Time Out, the international listings and events magazine, launched in Kuala Lumpur as its 24th global city. Kuala Lumpur has been featured in all aspects of popular culture such as movies, television, music and books. Movies set in Kuala

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Lumpur includes Entrapment, starring Sean Connery and Catherine Zeta-Jones, and Children of Men, (starring Clive Owen) where the Petronas Twin Towers were depicted in flames for a few seconds. Books which were set in Kuala Lumpur include KL 24/7 by Ida M Rahim, Shireen Zainudin and Rizal Zainudin and Democracy by Joan Didion. Kuala Lumpur is also mentioned in many songs by local Malaysian artists such as Keroncong Kuala Lumpur by P. Ramlee, Kuala Lumpur, Ibu Kota by Saloma, Chow Kit Road by Sudirman Arshad, Senyumlah Kuala Lumpur by Alleycats, Streets of Kuala Lumpur by Murkyway, K.L. by Vandal, Kuala Lumpur by Poetic Ammo, Anak Dara by Azmyl Yunor and KL by Too Phat. Kuala Lumpur was also one of the destinations in The Amazing Race Asia and The Amazing Race. Games have also been set in Kuala Lumpur. They include three levels of the game Silent Assassin and two levels of the playstation 2 game Burnout Dominator. “Scampi”, one of Weebl’s cartoons, features Kuala Lumpur as one of the things the military man mentions in disguise, disguised as France.

transportation
Unlike most other Asian cities, driving is the main mode of commuting in Kuala Lumpur. High speed roadways, or expressways are tolled roadways, and motorist using these expressways have an option of paying by cash, or by stored value cards such as Touch ‘n Go and SmartTAG. In terms of air connectivity, Kuala Lumpur is served by two airports. The main airport, Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA), which is also the aviation hub of Malaysia, is located about 50 km south of city. The other airport is Subang Airport which used to be the main international airport serving the city until KLIA replaced it when it opened in 1998. The airport connects the city with direct flights to destinations in six continents around the world, and is the main hub for the national carrier, Malaysia Airlines. KLIA can be reached using the KLIA Ekspres high-speed train service from KL Sentral which takes only twenty-eight minutes, while travelling by car via highway will take about an hour. As of 2007, Subang Airport is only used for chartered and turboprops flights by airlines such as Firefly and Berjaya Air.

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Public transport on Kuala Lumpur and the rest of the Klang Valley covers a variety of transport modes such as bus, rail and taxi. Despite efforts to promote usage of public transportation, utilisation rates are low as only 16 percent of the population used public transportation in 2006. The rapid transit system in Kuala Lumpur consists of three separate rail systems which meet in the city and extends towards other parts of Klang Valley. The rail systems are RapidKL RAIL, KL Monorail, and KTM Komuter. These lines have either underground or elevated stations around the city. The main rapid transit hub is KL Sentral which facilitates as an interchange station for the rail systems. KL Sentral is also a hub for intercity railway operated by KTM Intercity. It provides rail services to as far as Singapore in the south, and Hat Yai, Thailand, in the north.

The largest public transportation operator in Kuala Lumpur and the Klang Valley is RapidKL. Since the take over from Intrakota Komposit Sdn Bhd, RapidKL has redrawn the entire bus network of Kuala Lumpur and Klang Valley metropolitan area to increase ridership and improve Kuala Lumpur’s public transportation system. The management of RapidKL has adopted the hub and spoke system to provide greater connectivity, and cut down the need of more buses. RapidKL is also the operator of three rapid transit rail lines in Kuala Lumpur, namely Ampang Line, Sri Petaling Line and Kelana Jaya Line. Kuala Lumpur is served by Port Klang, located about 64 km (40 mi) southwest of the city. The port is the largest and busiest in the country handling about of cargo in 2006.

education
According to government statistics, Kuala Lumpur has a literacy rate of 97.5% in 2000, the highest rate in any state or territory in Malaysia. In Malaysia, Malay is the language of instruction for most subjects while English is a compulsory subject and is used as the language of instruction for mathematics and the natural sciences. There are also schools which provide Mandarin and Tamil as languages of instruction for certain subjects.

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In Kuala Lumpur alone, there are 13 tertiary education institutions, 79 high schools, 155 elementary schools and 136 kindergartens. There are several notable institutions located in the city which have existed for more than 100 years, such as, St. John’s Institution (since 1904); Victoria Institution (1893); Convent Bukit Nanas (1899); Methodist Girls’ School, Kuala Lumpur (1896) and Methodist Boys’ School (1897). Kuala Lumpur is home to the University of Malaya. Established in 1962, it is the oldest university in Malaysia, and one of the oldest in the region. It is also the most prestigious tertiary institution in Malaysia, having been ranked first among the universities in Malaysia in the 2004 THES international rankings. In recent years, the number of international students at University of Malaya has risen, a result of increasing efforts made to attract more international students. Other universities located in Kuala Lumpur include International Medical University, Open University Malaysia, Universiti Kuala Lumpur, Wawasan Open University and the branch campus of Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia and Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. Apart from these, universities located around Kuala Lumpur include Monash University Malaysia Campus, Taylor’s University College, Limkokwing University Of Creative Technology and others. The National Defence University of Malaysia is located at Sungai Besi Army Base, at the southern part of central Kuala Lumpur. It was established to be a major centre for military and defence technology studies. This institution covers studies in the field of army, navy, and air force.

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sister cities
■■ Ankara,

Turkey Morocco ■■ Esfahan, Iran ■■ Malacca, Malaysia (April 15, 1989) ■■ Mashhad, Iran (October 2006) ■■ Osaka, Japan
■■ Casablanca,

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events
thursday, June 19, 2008
13th international congress on inFectious diseases icid
International Society for Infectious Diseases (ISID). Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 617-277-0551, fax: 617-278-9113, email: DATE: Jun 19—Jun, 22 2008 VENUE: Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan Putrajaya, Malaysia

Friday, June 20, 2008
kl Wedding expo
As there is a step of rise along with the Malaysia overall economy and the employment rate, the trend of escalation in the number of married couples should be continued in 2007. KL Wedding Expo will spare no effort to continue to promote and develop the local bridal industry. The 4th KL Wedding Expo is Kuala Lumpur’s premier wedding event showcasing bridal ideas by KL most elite multi-racial wedding specialists all under one roof. DATE: Jun 20—Jun, 22 2008 VENUE: Mid Valley Exhibition Centre

kl Wedding expo 2008
Wedding Expo DATE: Jun 20—Jun, 22 2008 VENUE: MidValley Exhibition Center ADDRESS: 50400 Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur , 16

French speakers de kuala lumpur June meeting
19:00 Start of Meeting Election of Meeting chairman and secretary Discussion on programs for next 2 meetings DATE: Jun 20

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VENUE: Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan Putrajaya, Malaysia

saturday, June 21, 2008
Workshop on introduction trade Finance
DATE: Jun 21—Jun, 21 2008 VENUE: Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan Putrajaya, Malaysia

the kuala lumpur intentional communities (cohousing) June meeting
The biggest perspective of Intentional Communities: SOHO (Small Office Home Office) Movement (leading to COHO and COCO) It is certainly interesting to explore the background, history, current status and possible future development of the SOHO (Small Office Home Office) movement (it can definitely be considered as quiet social movement, particularly in connection with and in the context of the Network Economy). However, our objectives and concerns here are more pragmatic, by concentrating our attention on the following three aspects: ?Business / Enterprise Development ?Personal / Family Development ?Social and Ecosystem Development These will be discussed in the context of the following five stages / phases of the SOHO movement: ?Small Office Home Office (SOHO) ?Mobile Office Home Office (MOHO) ?Co-Working facilities and services (COWO) ?Intentional Community and Co-Housing (COHO) ?Cooperation Commons (COCO) Although the above stages / phases are not necessarily linear and sequential, the listed order could be convenient and useful for discussion purposes, particularly if we are to view these stages / phases in the context of Business Development / Personal Development / Social and Ecosystem Development in line with the Triple Bottom Line (Profit / People / Planet). In fact, an innovative and fully functional Business Model incorporating the 3-Objectives + 5-Stages would be the biggest and ultimate perspective of the SOHO movement (leading to COHO and COCO). DATE: Jun 21

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VENUE: Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan Putrajaya, Malaysia

sunday, June 22, 2008
the kuala lumpur rpg meeting
DATE: Jun 22 VENUE: Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan Putrajaya, Malaysia

monday, June 23, 2008
detection & preventive measure oF Financial Fraud
DATE: Jun 23—Jun, 24 2008 VENUE: Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan Putrajaya, Malaysia

building inspection in malaysia
DATE: Jun 23—Jun, 23 2008 VENUE: Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan Putrajaya, Malaysia

eFFective capital budgeting, operation Funds management and Financial requirements proJection
DATE: Jun 23—Jun, 24 2008 VENUE: Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan Putrajaya, Malaysia

tuesday, June 24, 2008
Waste minimisation & energy eFFiciency
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Date: Jun. 24, 2008 - Aug. 25, 2008 Location: Kuala Lumpur Contact now / Register DATE: Jun 24—Aug, 25 2008 VENUE: Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan Putrajaya, Malaysia

asia paciFic coatings shoW 2008
Show dedicated to the Coatings Industry DATE: Jun 24—Jun, 26 2008 VENUE: Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre (KLCC) ADDRESS: Kuala Lumpur City Centre 50088 Kuala Lumpur, Kuala Lumpur , 16

Wednesday, June 25, 2008
conFerence on implementing the balanced scorecard management system
DATE: Jun 25—Jun, 26 2008 VENUE: Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan Putrajaya, Malaysia

4th kuala lumpur international conFerence on biomedical engineering (biomed) 2008
Welcome to Biomed 2008, the 4th Kuala Lumpur International Conference on Biomedical Engineering to be held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on 25-28 June 2008. We, at the Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, believe that Biomed 2008 will be a great event in bringing together academicians and practitioners in engineering and medicine in this ever progressing field, just as we did in 2000, 2002, 2004, and 2006.

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We urge you to present your papers at this international conference and network with other researchers in the region. The deadline for the call of papers is 31 December 2007. Whether you wish to present a paper, exhibit, or attend as a delegate, register your interest in being a participant of Biomed 2008. It will be an experience you do not want to miss. And for the first time ever, you can now submit and track your paper online! Submitted papers will be peer-reviewed and those accepted will be published by Springerlink as part of the IFMBE Proceedings Series. As we say in Malaysia, “Selamat Datang”, meaning welcome. We look forward to meeting you personally at Biomed 2008. Noor Azuan Abu Osman, PhD Biomed 2008 Organising Chairperson Biomed 2008 at a glance Important dates * Deadline for submission of full papers 31 December 2007 * Notification of acceptance 28 March 2008 Organised by * Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Malaya, Malaysia * Malaysian Society of Medical and Biological Engineering (MSMBE) Topics covered The topics covered in the conference include, but not limited to: * Artificial organs * Bioengineering education * Bionanotechnology * Biosignal processing * Bioinformatics * Biomaterials

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* Biomechanics * Biomedical imaging * Biomedical instrumentation * BioMEMS * Clinical engineering * Prosthetics and orthotics * Rehabilitation engineering * Tissue engineering Registration fee Payment for registration fee may be made using cheques or bank drafts only; made payable to “Bendahari Universiti Malaya” and mailed to the Secretariat. Participation type Before 18 April 2008 After 18 April 2008 Normal International USD 420.00 USD 450.00 Local MYR 1450.00 MYR 1550.00 IFMBE Members International USD 400.00 U S D 420.00 Local MYR 1350.00 MYR 1450.00 Students International USD 300.00 USD 330.00 Local MYR 1050.00 MYR 1150.00 DATE: Jun 25—Jun, 28 2008 ALL DAY: Yes VENUE: Grandhotel Pacifik ADDRESS: Mirove Namesti 84, Marienbad , 16

thursday, June 26, 2008
the 2nd convention oF asian psychological association
DATE: Jun 26—Jun, 28 2008 VENUE: Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan Putrajaya, Malaysia

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Weather Forecast
Wednesday, June 04, 2008
■■ Sunrise: ■■ Sunset:

7:03 AM 7:21 PM ■■ Expect: Cloudy with a shower or thunderstorm around ■■ High: 103 ■■ Low: 86 ■■ Wind: 4NNW ■■ UV: 5 ■■ Rain Amount: 0.15

thursday, June 05, 2008
■■ Sunrise: ■■ Sunset:

7:03 AM 7:21 PM ■■ Expect: Overcast with a shower or thunderstorm around ■■ High: 96 ■■ Low: 84 ■■ Wind: 8NW ■■ UV: 5 ■■ Rain Amount: 0.15

Friday, June 06, 2008
■■ Sunrise: ■■ Sunset:

7:03 AM 7:21 PM ■■ Expect: Cloudy with a shower or thunderstorm around ■■ High: 97 ■■ Low: 86 ■■ Wind: 8NNW ■■ UV: 4 ■■ Rain Amount: 0.13

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saturday, June 07, 2008
■■ Sunrise: ■■ Sunset:

7:03 AM 7:22 PM ■■ Expect: Cloudy and very humid with thunderstorms ■■ High: 100 ■■ Low: 85 ■■ Wind: 3WNW ■■ UV: 4 ■■ Rain Amount: 0.10

sunday, June 08, 2008
■■ Sunrise: ■■ Sunset:

7:04 AM 7:22 PM ■■ Expect: Cloudy and very humid; thunderstorms in the afternoon ■■ High: 101 ■■ Low: 84 ■■ Wind: 2ESE ■■ UV: 4 ■■ Rain Amount: 0.07

monday, June 09, 2008
■■ Sunrise: ■■ Sunset:

7:04 AM 7:22 PM ■■ Expect: A thick cloud cover and very humid with thunderstorms ■■ High: 102 ■■ Low: 83 ■■ Wind: 2W ■■ UV: 3 ■■ Rain Amount: 0.37

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tuesday, June 10, 2008
■■ Sunrise: ■■ Sunset:

7:04 AM 7:22 PM ■■ Expect: Cloudy and very humid with thunderstorms ■■ High: 99 ■■ Low: 82 ■■ Wind: 3SW ■■ UV: 3 ■■ Rain Amount: 0.27

Wednesday, June 11, 2008
■■ Sunrise: ■■ Sunset:

7:04 AM 7:22 PM ■■ Expect: Plenty of clouds with thunderstorms; very humid ■■ High: 100 ■■ Low: 86 ■■ Wind: 1NNW ■■ UV: 3 ■■ Rain Amount: 0.11

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references
oFFbeat resources
1. Wikipedia, Kuala Lumpur; http://en.wikipedia.org 2. Wikitravel, Kuala Lumpur; http://wikitravel.org 3. Yahoo! Finance, Malaysian Ringgit; http://finance.yahoo. com/currency 4. AccuWeather, Forecast for Kuala Lumpur; http://www.accuweather.com/world-index-forecast.asp 5. Google Maps, Maps of Kuala Lumpur; http://www.google. com/maps?q=Kuala+Lumpur%2c+Malaysia

Kuala Lumpur, Jun 19–Jun 26, 2008

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