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APPENDIX A

Calculation of Sediment Yield from Hightech Hydroponic Farming, Hulu


Telom Cameron Highland
1

Catchment Area
Total Catchment Area for Plot 1 & Plot 2

=
=
=

38500 + 47750
86250 m2
8.625 ha

Soil Erodibility Factor (K factor)


Summary of Laboratory Test Result (Deng Seng, 2004)
Hand Auger
No

Sample
No

HA1

A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B

HA2
HA3
HA4
HA5
HA6

Depth
(m)
0.5
1.0
0.5
1.0
0.5
1.0
0.5
1.0
0.5
1.0
0.5
1.0

Moisture
Content
%
22
26
20
14
23
26
24
23
26
30
38
38

Particle Size Distribution


Gravel
Sand
%
%
15.9
43.1
35.4
27.1
12.3
53.1
20.6
56.0
8.9
54.3
11.1
38.8
14.1
50.8
10.6
52.9
13.2
49.1
19.1
38.5
0.2
16.0
0.1
13.9

Silt
%
30.3
27.2
29.7
21.7
30.3
36.9
27.7
32.2
26.2
22.8
65.8
65.6

Clay
%
10.8
10.3
4.8
1.7
6.4
13.2
7.4
4.2
11.5
19.6
18.0
20.4

Organic
Matter
%
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

Soil Erodibility Factor Analysis


Result Summary
Hand Auger

Depth

% Silt &

% Sand

% Organic

Soil Structure

Permeability

No

(m)

Very Fine

(0.06-2.0

Matter

Classification

Classification

Sand

mm)

HA1
HA2
HA3
HA4
HA5
HA6

K Factor

Average
K Factor

0.5

41.7

43.1

0.1

0.12

1.0

37.5

27.1

0.1

0.05

0.5

34.5

53.1

0.1

0.09

1.0

23.4

56.0

0.1

0.08

0.5

36.7

54.3

0.1

0.11

1.0

50.1

38.8

0.1

0.20

0.5

35.1

50.8

0.1

0.09

1.0

36.4

52.9

0.1

0.10

0.5

37.7

49.1

0.1

0.10

1.0

42.4

38.5

0.1

0.10

0.5

83.8

16.0

0.1

0.44

1.0

86.0

13.9

0.1

0.45

0.09
0.09
0.16
0.10
0.10
0.45

LS Factor
Calculation of LS Factor using equation as follow

L S / 2 2.1 3 0.0 6 5 0.0 4 6S 0.0 0 6 S5S


m

where
S
m

=
=
=

10.0
0.50
60.0

0.0084

%
for
m

5<S<12%

Hence, the LS factor


LS

CP Factor
Assuming the condition at site is bareland (newly cleared area)
CP Factor =

1.00

Storm Event
The design storm event for Plot 1 & Plot 2 (3 month ARI)

Plot 1 Catchment area

38500

m2

Plot 2 Catchment Area


Overland flow length
Duration of storm
Intensity of design storm
Runoff Coefficient

=
=
=
=
=

47750
500
16.2
104.8
0.74

m2
m
min
mm/hr

Calculation of Sediment Yield using MUSLE


Sub

Volume

Peakflow

LS

Catchment

(m3)

(m3/s)

Factor

Factor

CP Factor

Sediment
Yield

(m )

(tones)

38500

806.153

0.8294

0.09

0.0084

1.00

2.58776

47750

999.8392

1.0286

0.09

0.0084

1.00

3.29351

Total sediment yield for Plot 1 & Plot 2 =

5.881

tonnes

per storm

event

Rainfall Factor (R Factor)


Calculation of Rainfall Factor using the following methods:
(ii) using the following equation based on empirical study in Indonesia by Bols (1978)

where

2 .5 P 2
R1 =100 Rainfall
Erosivity
Factor
(0.073
P 0.73
) (MJ.mm/ha.hr.yr)

R1

P=

Annual Rainfall (mm)

(ii) relationship given by FRIM (1999)

R2

( EI 30 )
170 .2

E 9.2 8P 8 8 3 8
.1 5

where
E=
P=
I30 =

Rainfall Erosivity Factor (J/m2)


Annual Rainfall (mm)
The maximum 30-minute rainfall intensity with design ARI (mm/hr)

Three rainfall stations with their average annual


rainfall

No

Station Name

Station No

Source

Ladang The Blue Valley


Pejabat TNB Kg
Raja
Alur Masuk Telom

9001

TNB

9002
9003

TNB
TNB

2
3

Average
Annual
E Factor
Rainfall (mm)
2332.3

I30
(mm/hr)
71.3

R
Factor
(i)
795.323

R
Factor
(ii)
5364.51

71.3
71.3

759.125
679.229

4953.59
4046.62

Sediment

Sediment

Yield (i)

Yield (ii)

(tones)

(tones)

2226.6
1993.3

Calculation of Sediment Yield using USLE


The R Factor used in the calculation is the average from the three station.
Sub

R Factor

R
Factor

Catchment

(i)

(ii)

KFactor

LS Factor

CP Factor

(m2)
38500

744.56

4788.24

0.09

0.0084

1.00

0.563

3.620

47750

744.56

4788.24

0.09

0.0084

1.00

0.563

3.620

Total Sediment Yield for Plot 1 & Plot 2 using equation Bols (1978) =

1.126

tonnes/ha.yr

Total Sediment Yield for Plot 1 & Plot 2 using equation FRIM (1999) =

7.240

tonnes/ha.yr

APPENDIX B
SOIL ERODIBILITY ANALYSIS (DENG SENG, 2004)