You are on page 1of 5

LeMenizInfotech

36, 100 Feet Road, Natesan Nagar, Near Indira Gandhi Statue,
Pondicherry-605 005.
Call: 0413-4205444, +91 9566355386, 99625 88976.
Web :www.lemenizinfotech.com/ www.ieeemaster.com

The Master of IEEE Projects

Mail : projects@lemenizinfotech.com

An Interleaved Half-Bridge Three-Port


Converter With Enhanced Power Transfer
Capability Using Three-Leg Rectifier for
Renewable Energy Applications
Introduction:
Renewable energy power systems attract more and more attention,
because the energy and environmental problems are becoming
increasingly serious. A renewable energy system needs to interface
several energy sources, such as photovoltaic (PV) panels and fuel cells
with the load along with battery backup. It leads to a supreme need for
integrated power converters that are capable of interfacing and
controlling several power terminals with low cost and a compact
structure. An integrated three-port converter (TPC), instead of several
independent two-port converters, finds applications in such systems,
because it has the advantages of reduced conversion stages, less
component count, lower overall mass, improved reliability, and
enhanced dynamic performance due to power stage integration. In
addition, since the control and power management of a TPC can be
realized using a single controller, the communication that would be
necessary in the conventional structure based on multiple two-port
converters is not required. Hence, the communication delay and error
can be avoided by the centralized control of the TPC.

Existing system:
A bidirectional buckboost converter and a half-bridge converter
are integrated to derive a tri-modal half-bridge TPC. Its main advantage
is that zero-voltage switching (ZVS) can be achieved for all switches.
Copyright 2016LeMenizInfotech. All rights reserved

LeMenizInfotech
36, 100 Feet Road, Natesan Nagar, Near Indira Gandhi Statue,
Pondicherry-605 005.
Call: 0413-4205444, +91 9566355386, 99625 88976.
Web :www.lemenizinfotech.com/ www.ieeemaster.com

The Master of IEEE Projects

Mail : projects@lemenizinfotech.com

However, a middle branch is introduced to satisfy the requirement of


power control, which leads to a complex topology and additional
conduction losses. A family of half-bridge TPCs is proposed based on
the integration of bidirectional buckboost, forwardflyback, and halfbridge converters. The main attractive features of these TPCs are simple
circuit and high-power density. However, hard switching and the large
circulating current caused by the free-wheeling operation stage will
increase the switching and conduction losses. Besides, the power rating
of the half-bridge converter-based TPCs is limited. Interleaved
bidirectional nonisolated dcdc converters and full-bridge converters are
integrated to generate a family of TPCs by sharing the switching
bridges. ZVS can be easily achieved with these TPCs. However, at least
four magnetic components are required, because the filter inductors and
transformer are not integrated, which limits the power density of these
TPCs. Meanwhile, the large circulating current associated with the freewheeling operation stage will decrease the conversion efficiency as well.
The full-bridge TPCs presented are a combination of two half-bridge
TPCs. They inherit the advantages of half-bridge and full-bridge TPCs,
such as high integration, high-power density, and ZVS capability.
However, the circulating current associated with the free-wheeling
operation stage still exists and introduces additional conduction losses.

Copyright 2016LeMenizInfotech. All rights reserved

LeMenizInfotech
36, 100 Feet Road, Natesan Nagar, Near Indira Gandhi Statue,
Pondicherry-605 005.
Call: 0413-4205444, +91 9566355386, 99625 88976.
Web :www.lemenizinfotech.com/ www.ieeemaster.com
Mail : projects@lemenizinfotech.com

The Master of IEEE Projects

Drawbacks:

Complex topology and additional conduction losses.


Hard switching and the large circulating current caused by the freewheeling operation stage.
Decrease the conversion efficiency.

Proposed system:
An interleaved half-bridge (IHB) three-port converter (TPC) is
proposed for a renewable power system. The IHB-TPC is used to
interface three power ports: 1) one source port; 2) one battery port; and
3) one isolated load port. The proposed IHB-TPC is derived by
integrating two half-bridge TPC modules. A parallel configuration is
adopted for the primary side of the two half-bridge modules, while a
parallelseries configuration is adopted for the secondary side of the two
modules. The power can be transferred from the source and the battery
to the load within the whole switching cycle with the proposed IHBTPC. It means there are no additional conduction losses caused by the
circulating current or the free-wheeling operation stage. Hence, the
voltage gain can be extended, and the output filter can be reduced. Zerovoltage switching is realized for all the four main switches to reduce the
switching losses. Two of the three ports can be tightly regulated by
adopting pulse width modulation plus phase-shift control, while the third
port is left unregulated to maintain power balance for the system.
The proposed IHB-TPC is applied to a PV-sourced power system
with battery backup. In general, there are three power flows in a threeport power system composed by PV, battery, and load: 1) from the PV to
Copyright 2016LeMenizInfotech. All rights reserved

LeMenizInfotech
36, 100 Feet Road, Natesan Nagar, Near Indira Gandhi Statue,
Pondicherry-605 005.
Call: 0413-4205444, +91 9566355386, 99625 88976.
Web :www.lemenizinfotech.com/ www.ieeemaster.com

The Master of IEEE Projects

Mail : projects@lemenizinfotech.com

the load; 2) from the PV to the battery; and 3) from the battery to the
load.

Advantages:

The circulating current is eliminated with the power transfer


capability through the whole switching cycle.
The voltage gain of the load port is extended, and the output filter
is reduced.
Soft switching is available for all the primary-side switches.

Applications:

Renewable Energy Power Systems.

Copyright 2016LeMenizInfotech. All rights reserved

LeMenizInfotech
36, 100 Feet Road, Natesan Nagar, Near Indira Gandhi Statue,
Pondicherry-605 005.
Call: 0413-4205444, +91 9566355386, 99625 88976.
Web :www.lemenizinfotech.com/ www.ieeemaster.com
Mail : projects@lemenizinfotech.com

The Master of IEEE Projects

Block diagram:
Input Solar
Supply

Filter

Transformer 1
Full Bridge
Inverter
Transformer 2

Battery

12V DC

Three Leg
Diode
Rectifiers

Output
Filter

Driver Circuit

Load

Buffer Circuit
5V DC
Micro Controller
Circuit

Copyright 2016LeMenizInfotech. All rights reserved