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Juhee, Kadek, Gordon, Cybele

22 September 2015

Inquiry statement:
Environmental energy changes may affect the material states within
the system
AKA: Temperature changes can cause things to melt, freeze or boil
Assessment:
A: Knowing and Understanding
B: Inquiring and Designing
Activities
1. Discussion on phases and phase changes
a. Probing for prior knowledge
 Assume have prior knowledge on bonds
b. Review knowledge on bonds if necessary
 Covalent, ionic
2. Phase changes and what are they?
a. Demonstration of phase change showing temperature
changes over time
 Use probe to record temperature change over
time
b. Discuss where energy goes during plateau
c. Discuss how bonding relate to phase changes
 Go outside to do skits on intermolecular forces
3. Understanding different elements have different energy
requirements for phase change
a. Worksheet
 Fill in worksheet of 5 different elements and the
temperatures of phase changes (melting and
boiling points)
Formative Assessment:
How do different salts affect freezing points?
 Students are given a problem: How can they melt frozen
ice on pavement outside the school when it’s -4C
outside so it is safe to walk?
 Possible experiment: students add salt to different
samples and measure freezing points. Groups can each
do different salts and collaborate after.
 Discuss which salt is best and explain what is
happening. Possible calculations.
 Normally use NaCl - cheap

Juhee, Kadek, Gordon, Cybele

22 September 2015

Airports use different salt because it doesn’t corrode

Juhee, Kadek, Gordon, Cybele

22 September 2015

Summative Assessments:
Gallery Walk: Individual students pick a phase change that interests
them and do a presentation that has:
 the compound they’re looking at
 the phase change with relevant kinetics, energy change
 how it fits into the global context
 an application
Possible presentation examples: Ice on Hockey Rinks, Hot/Cold
Packs, Alcohol rubs
Bridging Activities to Assessments:
Each of the activities addresses student’s understanding of different
aspects of substance state changes including energy transfer. The
phase changes include melting (solid to liquid), boiling (liquid to
gas), and freezing (liquid to solid). This allows them to understand
how different substances change states.