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Discovering Mixtures

PURPOSE: What types of mixtures will the solutes and solvents (water,
alcohol and oil) create?
HYPOTHESIS: I think that the results of each mixture will depend on the
materials of the solute and the solvent. For example; alcohol is like vinegar
which is made from acid so it fizzes when you add baking soda.
Solute
A. Sugar
B. Food Colouring
C. Salt
D. Oil
E. Baking Soda
F. Koolaid
G. Polident
H. Mystery Item

H2O
Rm.Temp (1)
SOL/S
SOL/S
SOL/S
MM/IS
SOL/S
SOL/S
SOL/S
SOL/S

Hot (2)
SOL/S
SOL/S
SOL/S
MM/IS
SOL/S
SOL/S
SOL/S
SOL/S

Alcohol (3)

Oil (4)

SOL/S
SOL/S
SOL/S
MM/IS
SOL/S
SOL/S

SOL/S
SOL/S
SOL/S

SOL/S

SOL/S

MATERIALS:
-

400ml of room temp. water
400ml of hot water
350ml of alcohol
300ml of oil
4 tsp of sugar
4 tsp of food colouring
4 tsp of salt
3 tsp of oil
4 tsp of baking soda

- 4 tsp of Koolaid
- 2 polident tablets
- 4 tsp of mystery item
- beaker (2 50ml)
- 1 teaspoon
- 1 stir stick
- kettle
- magnifying glass

SOL/S
SOL/S

Polident H.Temp (1) MM/IS SOL/S SOL/S MM/IS SOL/S SOL/S SOL/S MM/IS Hot(2) SOL/S SOL/S SOL/S MM/IS MM/IS SOL/S SOL/S SOL/S Alcohol (3) Oil (4) MM/IS SOL/S MM/IS MM/IS MM/IS SOL/S MM/IS MM/IS MM/IS MM/IS MM/IS MM/IS MM/IS OBSERVATIONS: 1A: It’s a solution because all the particles are evenly mixed and it’s translucent and it’s soluble. 3. 5. 4. Prepare 1 tsp of every solute Prepare 1 of the materials in a beaker Pour solute into solvent Stir for 30 secs in circles (1 Mississippi) Let the mixture sit for 10 secs Make observations for qualitative and quantitative (transparent. . 4A: It’s a mechanical mixture because the sugar is still in its cube form and the smell barely changed and it’s insoluble. measurements) 7. Repeat steps 3-7 for each mixture Solute A. translucent. Koolaid G. Mystery Item H2O Rm. 2A: It’s a mechanical mixture because there were still some particles at the top and the middle and it’s insoluble. Record the results 8. 6. Baking Soda F.METHOD: 1. Salt D. Sugar B. 3A: It’s a mechanical mixture because most of the sugar particles were clustered at the bottom and the smell was stronger and it’s insoluble. opaque. 2. Food Colouring C. Oil E.

2B: It’s a solution because the food colouring also completely mixed with the water particles. the middle is foggy with salt and the bottom is where all the leftover salt is. 4C: It’s a mechanical mixture because the salt was stuck at the bottom and doesn’t want to mix because it’s insoluble. 3B: It’s a solution because the green food colouring was a lighter green and the colour didn’t affect the smell and it’s soluble. 2C: It’s a solution because the salt particles have mostly mixed with the water particles which make it translucent and soluble. 1C: It’s a solution because just like the sugar. it sits on top of the water and it smells like oil and it’s also insoluble. 3C: It’s a mechanical mixture because the salt was separated into 3 parts. The top is clear. 2D: It’s a mechanical mixture because there was a thin layer of oil at the top and some bubbles at the top. . the salt mixed with the water and it’s soluble. The mixture smells like oil and it’s insoluble. the colour green and it’s soluble. 1D: It’s a mechanical mixture because since oil is lighter than water. It’s also insoluble.1B: It’s a solution because the food colouring completely mixed with the water and the water turned green and it has no smell and it’s soluble. 3D: It’s a mechanical mixture because the alcohol sits at the top and the oil was in blobs at the bottom because it’s insoluble and the smell was extremely strong. 1E: It’s a solution because there were little baking soda particles and made it look transparent and it’s soluble. 4B: It’s a mechanical mixture because the food colouring mixed with the oil turning it into a light shade of green and some of the food coloring formed into blobs at the bottom and it’s insoluble.

4E: It’s a mechanical mixture because the backing soda turned into some king of goo that was stuck to the bottom and it’s insoluble. 1H: It’s a mechanical mixture because all the powder was at the bottom and it smells like milk and it’s insoluble. 2G: It’s a solution because the polident tablet was mixed better than 1G and it still smells like coconut and pineapple and it’s soluble. It smells like coconut and pineapple and it’s soluble. . 1G: It’s a solution because the polident was mostly dissolved and it’s translucent.2E: It’s a mechanical mixture because the baking soda particles stuck together in blobs which made it look opaque and it’s insoluble. 2H: It’s a solution because the powder mostly mixed with the water and it’s translucent. 3H: It’s a mechanical mixture because the powder is either sitting at the bottom or floating in the middle and its smell is extremely strong. it’s insoluble. 4F: It’s a mechanical mixture because the powder was stuck at the bottom and some of the Koolaid particles stuck to the oil particles and it’s insoluble. 3E: It’s a mechanical mixture because the baking soda became little particles because it’s insoluble and the smell was extremely strong. 2F: It’s a solution because the Koolaid particles completely mixed with the water particles but the smell is mostly gone and it’s soluble. still smells like milk and it’s soluble. 1F: It’s a solution because the Koolaid completely mixed with the water and it has an orange smell because it’s soluble. 3F: It’s a solution because the Koolaid particles also completely mixed with the alcohol but the orange colour was lighter and made the smell very strong and it’s soluble. Also.

This information can be used in jobs like baking or for chemists because they need to mix different substances to make a new mixture for a recipe or for a new chemical. some groups could have added a bit more than they were supposed to or if they stirred faster or longer.4H: It’s a mechanical mixture because most of the powder settled at the bottom and some were in the middle. I think that everyone didn’t have the same results because too many variables were changed like when we took turns and switched the positions (stirrer. people could have recorded different results. . 3. I thought that most of the mixtures would be solutions but I didn’t know that oil was insoluble to a lot of solutes. I think that it’s because the particles are heated so it would overpower the solutes and force them to melt. 4. the results would change even more. it didn’t. we could first get a person to fill the beakers and measuring spoons to almost get the same measurements. The smell smells like oil and it’s insoluble. We could have written the same method written down to not confuse anyone about the steps. I thought that the hot particles from the hot water would make a lot of things dissolve but sometimes. I think that we would get the same results if we had more controlled variables and made it a fair test and just have 1 big group do the experiment and not switch jobs. Or. 5. Also. we did the experiment in multiple groups and we switched jobs and each person did the job differently. CONCLUSION: 1. In my hypothesis. Also. we could have the same person stir the solvents and solutes. 2. It can also relate to how petrol and food are made from different mixtures and how we use mixed mixtures to create more mixtures. To make the experiment fairer. Before the experiment. During the first trip. since we left it for a weekend. since some mixtures looked like a mechanical mixture and a solution combined. organizer) or like when we used the measuring spoons and beakers.

I also helped by telling my group my observations and listened to what they thought.mynelson. RESOURCES: -ca.yahoo. My group and I were all interested to see what would happen and the experiment worked because everyone cooperated. I enjoyed this activity because it was fun to see what would happen if I mixed 2 substances together without knowing what would happen after they were mixed and if the 2 substances would change the smell and look of the mixtures individually.com -www.com . I stayed on task and helped my group make observations. I helped mix the solutes with the solvents and I compared my final observations to my first observations to see the differences. 7.answers.6. During the experiment.