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Neo-Babylonian Artifacts

Aliyah Cameron
The Bronze Bowl
The Bronze Bowl was founded in Nimrud, which is where Sargon II
reigned. This artifact is dated to be around the 8th century B.C. The
designs inside the bowl are Egyptian motifs with sphinx around the
bowl. Three bands are also around the star in the middle of the bowl.
This bowl is one of 150 found in the Nimrud area. the discovery was
made by Henry Layard in 1849.

The cylinder is particularly noteworthy because it mentions a son named Belshezzar. the sanctuary of the warrior goddess Anunitu in Sippar.Babylonian Artifacts Cylinder of Nabonidus The Nabonidus Cylinder from Sippar is a long text in which king Nabonidus of Babylonia (556-539 BC) describes how he repaired three temples: the sanctuary of the moon god Sin in Harran. save me from sinning against your great godhead and grant me as a present a life long of days. The cylinder states: “As for me. my offspring. the eldest son. and as for Belshazzar.” . may he be sated with a life of plenitude. instill reverence for your great godhead in his heart and may he not commit any cultic mistake. king of Babylon. who is mentioned in the Book of Daniel. and the temple of Šamaš in Sippar. Nabonidus.

Its fragments were assembled and translated first by George Smith as The Chaldean Account of Genesis. Ammi-Saduqa (1646–1626 BCE). it continued to be copied into the first millennium BC. An “Atra-Hasis” (“exceedingly wise”) appears on one of the Sumerian king lists as king of Shuruppak in the times before the flood. but. . because of the fragmentary condition of the tablets and ambiguous words. The Atrahasis story also exists in a later fragmentary Assyrian version. translations had been uncertain. but various Old Babylonian fragments exist. having been first rediscovered in the library of Ashurbanipal.Akkadian artifacts Atra-Hasis The 18th century BC Akkadian epic of Atra-Hasis is named after its protagonist. the name of its hero was corrected to Atra-Hasis by Heinrich Zimmern in 1899. The oldest known copy of the epic tradition concerning Atrahasis can be dated by colophon (scribal identification) to the reign of Hammurabi’s great-grandson. It includes both a creation myth and a flood account and is one of three surviving Babylonian deluge stories.


Additanallur in Madras.500 BC.3. wrote that cranial deformation features were also seen of skulls of Kish.000 . Naga of Calcutta. Sialkot in Punjab. 6.C. Nal in Baluchistan. jar burials of Harappa. (7) Marshall (8) makes a comparison between the elongated Al Ubaid skulls and those found from the Indus Valley Civilisation. Ur of Mesopotamia. Rajendra Kumar Sharma) in addition to Al-Ubaid burials. Mediterranean. The Al-Ubaid culture proceeded the Sumerian culture was a people known as the Ubaidians who established settlements in the region later known as Sumer (Mesopotamia) (7) It has been noticed that there are very strong similarities between the Ubaid artwork. . John Marshall’s “Mohenjo-Daro and the Indus Civilization” as well as “Anthropology” (by Ram Nath Sharma. noting that the Al Ubaid skulls are 'Not as elongated as those from Mohenjo-Daro'. and Bayana (Aryan skulls) in Uttar Pradesh.Summerian Artifacts Al Ubaid Elongated Skulls: The earliest significant record of skull elongation comes in the form of the pottery representations of the Gods from the 5th millennium B. Veddahs of Ceylon (Sri Lanka). and that of of 'Old Europe' Vinca Culture which flourished c.

: King Assurnasirpal II built a new capital at Nimrud. Assyria. This palace was decorated with large sculptural figures in the form of a human-headed winged lion guarding the doorways. . Its horned cap affirms its divinity while its belt is indicative of its power.Palace of Assurnasirpal II Nimrud.Assyrian Artifacts Guardian .C. ca 883-859 B.