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The Equilibrium Constant Of An Ester Hydrolysis


CHEM 152

Keylli Posada
Partner: Joshua Lovato

A series of five reaction mixtures were prepared and titrated to a pale oink endpoint using a
standardized NaOH solution in order to find the equilibrium constant. The average equilibrium
constant was calculated to be Kc= 0.22

Introduction: the purpose of this experiment was to determine the equilibrium constan (kc) for the acid-catalyzed reaction between an unknown ester and water to produce an unknown alcohol and unknown carboxylic acid. The equilibrium constant was found by using the equilibrium concentration of the reactants and products that was determine by a combination of measurements and calculations. it was ethyl acetate (C4H8O2).8277 M of NaOH. After doing three trial of titration the molarity of sodium hydroxide was calculated to be 0. Calculations: Given: Amounts added of reactants in mL Bottle # 3M HCL H2O Ester Alcohol 1 5 5 0 0 1A 5 5 0 0 2 5 0 5 0 3 5 1 4 0 4 5 3 2 0 5 5 2 2 1 For bottle 2: . The third week the reaction mixture prepared in first week lab were used to for titration with the standardized sodium hydroxide solution prepared in the second week lab with additional two drops of phenolphthalein given a pink pale endpoint. Experimental This experiment was conducted in three lab classes. Water was added to bring the volume to approximately to 500ml. KHP was also calculated to be 5 grams of KHP. The second week once the mixtures were at equilibrium the mass of sodium hydroxide was calculated to be 14 grams of NaOH. The second step was to determine the density of the deionized water and the density of the three molar HCl solution. The bottles were closed and were shaken and stored in a lab drawer for one week in order for the mixtures to come to chemical equilibrium. The first week was to obtain an unknown ester sample from the stock room. Five different reaction mixture were prepared. The molar mass and the density were also determined for the ester and alcohol.

5.0222 mol 0.04 g/mL Density of ester:0.448g HCl 5.0123= 0.685mol/L Volume of NaOH used to titrate bottle 1 (a control) = 18.123mol(36.0213 mol Water 0.264 mol -0.00mLNaOH(0. 0.68277g/mL. so 5.0222 mol Alcohol C 0.0345 mol mixed acids 0.0123mol is HCl (see above).068277mol NaOH/1ml)(I mole mix acids/1 mol NaOH) = 0.0222 0.00ml(0.8878g/1mL)(1mol/102.0435 mol ester 18. Of that mass.68277 mol/1L)(1 mol HCl / 1 mol NaOH) = 0.0222 mol 0.0435 mol -0.Molarity of standardized NaOH =0.0222 mol Kc=([RCOOH][CH3OH])/([RCOOH3][H2O]) Same process was used to calculate the Kc for the other bottles (see the table below to see results) Trial 1 2 3 4 Average Kc : 0.00mL of catalyst will have a total mass containing both HCl and water.22 Kc 0 . 0.2418 mol Organic Acid 0 0.0123 mol HCl Density of HCl solution = 1.00mL Volume of NaOH used to titrate bottle 2 (experimental) =50.25 .20-0448 = 4.0222 moles I C E Ester 0.75 g H2O (1mole/18g) = 0.50mL(0.50mL Density of HCl solution (determined the first week) =1.0345 mol – 0.20grams.0222 0.018 .264 mol H2O 50.13g/mol) = .04 g/mL.018 . Molarmass of ester: 102.13 g/mol 5.46g/1mol) = 0.

But at the end of all calculation the process of how to do this problems were easier.Discussion: The titration of the five mixtures were necessary to be able to find the kc of the unknown. . At the point to do the ICE table was a little causing since my numbers were not what it was supposed to be so numbers were manipulated.