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1.Which answer is WRONG regarding the cell membrane? a. Only peripheral membrane proteins are associated with the lipid bilayer b. Measures 8-10 nm in width c. The glycocalyx coat is present in the external leaflet of the cell membrane d. The cell membrane is selectively permeable e. It has special receptors for antigen recognition and immunological mechanisms 2. True or False: Mammalian erythrocytes contain a nucleus. 3. Which answer is WRONG regarding euchromatin? a. Abundant in inactive cells b. stains lightly c. are uniformly dispersed 4. True or False: The nucleolus is involved in the synthesis of rRNA and its packaging into precursor of ribosomes. 5. Ribosomes a. are located inside the nucleus b. occur either singly or in groups called polyribosomes or polysomes c. are found only in mammalian erythrocytes d. are responsible for DNA synthesis 6. Where does hormone synthesis occur? a. Golgi apparatus b. lysosome c. Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum d. Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum 7. Which of the following is NOT a function of the golgi complex? a. Accumulation, concentration, and packaging of secretory proteins into membrane bound vesicles b. Biosynthesis of glycoproteins, glycolipids, and neutral lipids c. Phagocytosis 8. Which organelle is a membrane-bound vesicle that contains various hydrolytic enzymes such as nucleases, proteases, and lipases and functions in phagocytosis? a. ribosome b. peroxisome c. mitochondria d. lysosome 9. Which is NOT true of peroxisomes? a. They are small membrane bound organelles containing oxidase and catalase enzymes. b. They synthesize and destroy hydrogen peroxide c. They detoxify certain substances and play a role in gluconeogenesis d. All of the above are correct. 10. Pick the WRONG statement regarding mitochondria. a. Stain with Janus Green B in living cells b. Are the main source of energy for the cell c. The mitochondrial matrix contains RNA d. The inner membrane contains enzymes that function in oxidative phosphorylation. 11. Which of the following is NOT a part of the cytoskeleton? a. microfilaments b. macrofilaments c.intermediate filaments d.microtubules 12. Which is NOT a function of microfilaments? a. endocytosis b. cell division c. exocytosis d. cell migratory activity 13. Which is NOT a characteristic of the intermediate filament? a. they are composed of actin and myosin filaments b. present in almost all cells subject to mechanical stress c. provide strength d. contain desmin filaments that support muscle cells 14. Which is NOT a function of the microtubules? a. movement of secretory vesicles b. cell division c. provide strength 15. True or False: Cytoplasmic inclusions are considered to be NOT living. 16. Where would glycogen be found? a. liver cells and muscle b. kidneys c. stomach d. large intestines 17. Where would you NOT find lipofuscin? a. cardiac muscle b. liver c. nerve cells d. kidney cells 18. Which is NOT a characteristic of a tight junction? a. consist of irregularly anastomosing ridges (transmembrane protein) that seal neighboring cells together in a belt-like fashion b. creates a barrier that prevents the passage of water soluble molecules from the lumen to intercellular space and vice versa. c. May be selectively permeable d. all of the above are correct 19. Which of the following makes up a gland? a. secretory epithelium, glandular epithelium, and duct system b. stratified epithelium, alveoli and coiled tubes c. secretory epithelium, parenchyma, stroma d. glandular epithelium, duct system and superficial cells e. duct system, glandular epithelium and parenchyma 20. An example of a compound tubule-alveolar gland is: a. pancreas b. small intestines c. parotid gland d. large intestine e. sebaceous gland 21. Put these in order from largest to smallest? a. main duct lobar duct  intralobar  striated duct b. intralobular striatedintercalatedinterlobular c. main duct interlobular intralobular lobar ducts d. intercalatedinterlobularlobar ducts main ducts e. main duct lobar ductsinterlobularintralobular 22. Which of these is NOT a secretory acini of mandibular salivary glands? a. mixed acini b. seromucous acini c. serous and mucous d. serous demilunes e. mucous acini 23. Find the incorrect matching for modes of secretion: a. Holocrine: sebaceous glands b. Cytocrine: transfer of melanin c. Merocrine: sweat and mammary glands d. Apocrine: sweat and mammary glands 24. Which is not a connective tissue fiber? a. collagen b. keratin fibers c. elastic d. type III collagen e. Reticular fibers 25. Identify the false matching: a. reticular cells: network of cells/star-shaped b. fibroblasts: anti-inflammatory response c. mesenchymal cells: can differentiate into fibroblasts d. Plasma cells: eccentric nucleus/ cart wheel appearance e. Multilocular: very active with a central nucleus 26. Which is NOT true of mast cells? a. metachromatic b. blue colored on a slide c. produce an anticoagulant and a vasoconstrictor d. red colored on slide e. are loose CT macrophages 27. Which of the following is NOT considered a leukocyte? a. Macrophages b. mast cells c. RBC’s d. WBC’s e. monocytes 28. You are presented with a slide of a CT fiber under 40x power and you notice a wavy arrangement and look apparently strong. You are looking at… a. organ capsule b. reticular fibers c. myofibrils d. elastic fibers e. nuchal ligament 29. Identify the false matching: a. collagen fibers: tendons, ligaments, organ capsule b. reticular fibers: liver and lymphatic organ framework c. elastic fibers: elastin protein d. reticular fibers: type II collagen fibers e. reticular fibers: Argentaffin fibers stain silver 30. Which of these is NOT a major type of matrix? a. chondroitin sulphate b. keratin sulphate c. keratin oxalate d. heparin sulphate e. dermatin sulphate 31. Which of these is found in the embryo ONLY? a. mesenchymocytes b. mesenchymoblasts c. mesenchymal fibers d. mesenchymal cells e. mesenchymal CT 32. Gelatinous CT can found: a. embryo b. umbilical cord c. bovine glans penis d. none of the above e. all of the above 33. All organ capsules are of what kind of CT? a. dense regular CT b. dense irregular CT c. loose CT d. areolar CT e. loose regular CT 34. Identify FALSE matching. a. chondrocytes: oval shaped b. chondroblasts: spherical nucleus c. chondrocytes: short-cytoplasmic processes d. chondroblast: growing cartilage e. chondrocytes: located in lacuna 35. Metachromasia means? a. taking on color of the stain b. larger euchromatin than normal c. increase in chromatic number d. taking on color opposite of stain e. not taking up any color at all 36. Identify the correct matching. a. hyaline cartilage: composed of type I collagen fibers b. fibrocartilage: type II collagen fibers c. elastic cartilage: found in menisci d. hyaline cartilage: no visible fibers e. fibrocartilage: found in the epiglottis 37.What is a main characteristic of fibrocartilage? a. prominent type I collagen fibers b. type II collagen fibers c. has a perichondrium d. found in pinna (ear) 38. Osteoid is: a. is organic matter of the bony matrix b. is the matrix of the bone c. secreted by osteoblasts d. calcified by Calcium salts e. All of the above 39. Another name for the perforating canal seen in compact spongy bone is? a. haversian fibers b. sharpey’s fibers c. collagen fibers d. reticular fibers e. elastic fibers 40.Which of the following is not endochondral ossification? a. vertebrae b. skull bones c. base of skull d. femur e. metatarsal bone 41. Identify false matching: a. osteoclast: bone eating cell b. osteoblast: bone forming cell c. osteoblast: basophilic cytoplasm d. osteoblast: mature bone cell e. osteocyte: communicating processes 42. Which of the following is the functional unit of compact bone? a. lamellae b. osteocyte c. osteoblast d. osteoclast e. none of the above HINTS:  Know that –chondro=cartilage  Know what –cyte, -blast, -clast means  Know –peri, -endo  Lamellae are nothing more than collagen fbers around the osteon  Haversian canals travel vertically= central canal  Volkman’s canals travel transversely= perforating canals Questions created by Stan Veytsman and Beth Achille