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Atherosclerosis– Literally, “hardening of the fatty stuff.

” High fat diets can lead to
formation of fatty plaques lining blood vessels. These fatty areas can become calcified
and hard leading to arteriosclerosis, hardening of the arteries. When blood vessels
become less stretchable, blood pressure rises and can result in heart and kidney damage
and strokes. Double cheese bacon burger, anybody?
Myocardial infarction (MI)– You know we are talking about heart muscle, right,
myocardial? An infarction is blockage of blood flow resulting in death of muscle tissue.
Layman’s language for this is a “heart attack.” The blockage occurs in one of the arteries
of the heart muscle itself, a coronary artery. Depending upon how much tissue dies, a
victim of an MI may survive and undergo cardiac rehabilitation, strengthening the
remaining heart muscle, or may die if too much muscle tissue is destroyed. Did you
exercise at the gym this week?
Mitral prolapse, stenosis, regurgitation– Blood flows through four chambers in the
heart separated by one-way valves. A major valve is the one separating the upper and
lower chambers on the left side of the heart. The left side is especially important because
freshly oxygenated blood returning from the lungs is circulated out of the heart to the rest
of the body. The left valve, called atrioventricular, for the chambers it separates, is also
called the mitral valve, because it is shaped like an upside down Bishop’s hat, a miter. If
the flaps of this valve tear away due to disease, the process is called prolapse, “a falling
forward.” This results in leakage and backward flow called “regurgitation” (get the
picture?). Sometimes a valve is abnormally narrow causing partial obstruction
constricting flow. Stenosis means “a narrowing.”
Angina pectoris– Literally, “pain in the chest.” But, this is a special kind of pain
associated with the heart and is distinctive as “crushing, vise-like”, and often
accompanied by shortness of breath, fatigue and nausea. Anginal pain indicates not
enough blood is getting to the heart muscle, and the heart is protesting and begging for
more. People with a history of angina often take nitroglycerine tablets to relieve the pain
by increasing blood flow to the heart muscle.
Arrhythmia/dysrhythmia– Abnormal heart rates and rhythms all have special names
like ventricular tachycardia, fibrillation, but generically are termed arrhythmias or

The worst comes when an artery supplying blood to the brain is blocked because it causes stoke and may result to permanent disability or death.[6] Cardiac arrest is a medical emergency that. while cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is used to provide circulatory support and/or to induce a "shockable" rhythm. Ischemia– Sometimes the heart muscle is not getting enough blood flow. The arteries are blocked by deposits of cholesterol and fat-absorbing cells.dysrhythmia.[3][4][5] For the best chance of survival and neurological recovery immediate treatment is important. they may be! Cardiac arrest-also known as cardiopulmonary arrest or circulatory arrest.” There are fine distinctions between the two.Arrested blood circulation prevents delivery of oxygen and glucose to the body. When this happens. is a sudden stop in effective blood circulation due to the failure of the heart to contract effectively or at all. the blood supply to the different parts of the body is affected. high cholesterol and lack of exercise.A number of heart conditions and non-heart-related events can cause cardiac arrest. the oxygen the blood carries is insufficient to sustain muscle which has a very high metabolic rate. Lack of oxygen and glucose to the brain causes loss of consciousness. And. more importantly. the patient suffers angina pain (see above) and they may think they are having a heart attack. but the heart is still pumping sufficient blood to sustain life. and oxygen demand.” Typically. which then results in abnormal or absent breathing. Studies show that atherosclerosis is caused by a lot of factors such as cigarette smoking.A cardiac arrest is different from (but may be caused by) a myocardial infarction (also known as a heart attack). The bad part is that . is potentially reversible if treated early. meaning “no rhythm” and “abnormal rhythm. Brain injury is likely to happen if cardiac arrest goes untreated for more than five minutes. where blood flow to the muscle of the heart is impaired such that part or all of the heart tissue dies.[2] It is different from congestive heart failure.[1] Medical personnel may refer to an unexpected cardiac arrest as a sudden cardiac arrest (SCA). obesity. The term loosely means “not quite enough blood. in certain situations. high blood pressure. Unexpected cardiac arrest can lead to death within minutes: this is called sudden cardiac death (SCD). where circulation is substandard.[1] The treatment for cardiac arrest is immediate defibrillation if a "shockable" rhythm is present. but they are often used interchangeably. the most common cuase is the coronary artery disease n Atherosclerosis This is an ailment connected to the arteries.

When this happens. Doctors often prescribe vitamins and foods rich in iron for people who are anemic. gum bleeding. . rapid pulse and pounding of the heart. shortness of breath. The symptoms of the disease are shortness of breath. Bed rest is needed by the patient. salty foods and knowing how to manage stress. high fever and night sweating. This ailment is characterized by abnormal production of white blood cells in the bone marrow. This causes a blood leak that produces a heart murmur. This ailment is caused by the narrowing of some arteries that makes it harder for the heart to pump blood. Coronary Heart Disease Coronary heart disease is the narrowing of arteries that supply blood to the heart. Doctors oft en prescribe medicines that help improve blood flow. This ailment is hereditary so it is always good to take precautions when your family has a history of hypertension. This ailent can be prevented by avoiding the risk factors. the heart becomes infracted which causes a heart attack. alcohol. and tenderness of the bones. Anemia This is not a very serious ailment and could be avoided by eating foods rich in iron. This could be avoided by choosing the right type of food. Some of the symptoms of the ailment are paleness. Some of the symptoms of the ailment are frequent bruising. Symptoms may not be experienced during the early stages but when it becomes serious the patient may feel pains in the chest. and avoiding the risk factors like smoking. obesity.the symptoms only become apparent when the arteries are already severely damaged. and the heart does not receive oxygen. The patient can also be advised to have a bypass surgery or a vein graft so that blood can freely flow to the heart muscle. Rheumatic Heart Disease Rheumatic heart disease is caused by an inflammation of the inner lining or failure of the heart valve to close. Sometimes heart attack occurs which means that the ailment is serious. Hypertension is another term for high blood pressure. Leukemia Leukemia is one type of cancer that attacks the blood. palpitations and irregular heartbeat.

sweating. but it can be a symptom arising from an objectively rapid or irregular heartbeat. drugs such as antidepressants. or continuous. and deficiencies of nutrients such as taurine. alcohol. Rest is also needed. diseases causing low blood oxygen such as asthma and emphysema. It is a defect in the structure of the heart during the development in the wound because of some factors like the mother getting sick during pregnancy or a kind of infection during pregnancy. cocaine.  Eat those fresh vegetables and fruit that supply you with antioxidants – very good for your heart. but even gentle exercise such as a brisk walk can pep up your circulatory system and encourage your heart to beat strongly. and pain. diseases affecting cardiac muscle such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. caffeine. kidney disease. hyperthyroidism. Palpitation may be associated with coronary heart disease. potassium and calcium.  Eat fish instead of red meat – much better for your heart. arginine. electrolyte imbalances of magnesium. irregular beats. and chest pain. Palpitation can be intermittent and of variable frequency and duration. What can we do to have a healthy circulatory system?  Don’t smoke! (As if you would…) And don’t hang around people who do – second hand smoke is also bad for you.  Take vitamin E to keep the arteries supple. fast beats. Associated symptoms include dizziness. headaches. low levels of brain serotonin. . and iron. and amphetamines. It is both a symptom reported by the patient and a medical diagnosis. This could be treated by surgery to fix the heart defect and improve the blood circulation. Palpitation Palpitation is a perceived abnormality of the heartbeat characterized by awareness of heart muscle contractions in the chest: hard beats. Palpitation is frequently associated with anxiety and does not necessarily indicate a structural or functional abnormality of the heart. and/or pauses. shortness of breath. Some of the symptoms are shortness of breath and blueness in the nails because of low levels of oxygen in the blood.Congenital Heart Disease This is an inborn ailment. nicotine.[1] blood loss.  Exercise – well it’s obvious.

as a tea or as a tincture. the rest of the circulatory system will pick up. Crataegus (Hawthorn) is a lovely gentle herb to use for the heart. It’s slightly trickier to use than Ginger as it is contraindicated with blood thinning medication such as Aspirin and Warfarin. . and is good to taste – add ginger to hot water. and this slow action makes it safe to use even with blood pressure medication. although you must inform your doctor that you are taking it so that you can be regularly monitored as your blood pressure rebalances. Magnesium is a good mineral to use for the heart. it safeguards the suppleness of the arteries. over a three to four month treatment period. giving a touch more ‘fire’ to your blood. can be used as a food. Once the heart is working more effectively. It peps up the circulation and the Chinese use it as a blood tonic. Use Ginkgo biloba if the problem is more serious. It is easy to use because it is not contraindicated with other medications. Several studies have shown that Crataegus improves the amount of exercise patients with chronic stable heart failure could do. lemon and honey to stave off a winter cold.Herbs to Help Use Ginger in your food. It improves the delivery of blood through the arteries. It takes between two and six months to show its effect. improving the force of the heartbeat and regulating blood pressure. Alongside Crataegus and vitamin E. down to the extremities.