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FOUNDATION COURSE
WRITING TASK 2
LESSON 1
Paraphrasing skills

Paraphrasing a sentence means to rewrite that sentence in a different way, without any change
in meaning.
There are 3 common ways to paraphrase a sentence:

Paraphrasing skills

Active-Passive

Word forms

Dummy-Subjects

Synonyms

ZIM ACADEMY| Room 2501, OCEAN GROUP Building, 19 Nguyen Trai St, Thanh Xuan Dist, Hanoi,
Vietnam
Tel: (84-4) 62854395 E-mail: info@zim.vn Website: Zim.vn

........................ Thanh Xuan Dist........ Rewrite the given sentence by using “there” ..................................................................................................................................................... Word forms Rewrite the given sentence by changing the form of the word “Support” ........................................................................................................................ Vietnam Tel: (84-4) 62854395 E-mail: info@zim...vn Website: Zim............................................................................................ ZIM ACADEMY| Room 2501............................................................................vn .................................................. OCEAN GROUP Building................................ Change the given sentence into a passive sentence.................................................... 19 Nguyen Trai St.......................... 1............ Passive-active  Grammar review: The passive voice Change the given sentence into a passive sentence: .................................................................................... there Rewrite the given sentence by using “it” ..... 2......................................... ..... Hanoi...............1 Example: Governments should support local businesses.................................... using synonyms: ...................... Step 1: Underline words and phrases that you know their synonyms: Step 2: Use the given tips........ 3.................................................................................................................................................................................................... Rewrite the given sentence by changing the form of the word “Support” and using synonyms ....... Dummy-subjects  Grammar review: 2 common Dummy-subjects: it......

........ Governments should spend money on measures to save languages that are used by few speakers............. ZIM ACADEMY| Room 2501. Governments need to solve global problems by international collaboration.......................................................vn ................................................................................................  (Word forms) .............................................................  (Dummy-Subjects) ................. Hanoi.......... ................................................................................................................................................................................... 3.............................................................................................................................................................  (Active-Passive) ...................................................................................................................................................vn Website: Zim........................... 4................... ..................Exercise 1: 1 Rewrite the following sentences: 1.......................................................................................................... Television has had a significant influence on the culture of many societies..................... Thanh Xuan Dist..........................................  (Dummy-subjects) .............................................................. .................................................................................................................. ....... The government spends too much money on developing space exploration technology.................................... OCEAN GROUP Building....................................................  (Active-Passive) .......... Children should obey the rules their parents and teachers set............................................... 2................................................................................................................................................. ...................................................................................................  (Dummy-Subjects) .................................................. ...................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................  (Active-Passive) ................................................................................................ 19 Nguyen Trai St....... .................................. 5................................................................................................................................ Vietnam Tel: (84-4) 62854395 E-mail: info@zim....................................................................  (synonyms) .........................................

..........vn Website: Zim....................  (Dummy-Subjects) ............... ......................................................................... OCEAN GROUP Building.......................................................................................... ............... ZIM ACADEMY| Room 2501.............................................. Vietnam Tel: (84-4) 62854395 E-mail: info@zim...... 6....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................  (Active-Passive) ...... ..........................................................................................................................................................  (Dummy-Subjects & Word forms) .......... Hanoi..............................................................  (Active-Passive) ............................................................... Thanh Xuan Dist....................1  (Word forms) ................. .................................... Programs with violence content should be limited..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ............vn ................................................................................... 19 Nguyen Trai St.....................................................

.....................................................................................................................vn Website: Zim..................................... Thanh Xuan Dist..................................................................................  .............................  ............................ 19 Nguyen Trai St...... Vietnam Tel: (84-4) 62854395 E-mail: info@zim............................vn ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ ....................... ............  ....... ZIM ACADEMY| Room 2501................... ........................................................... The government should carry out new regulations to protect endangered animals...................................................................................................................................................  ....................................................  ......................................................................................................................1 Homework Rewrite the following sentences without changing their meaning (try to produce 2 different sentences) 1............... ............................................................ .................................................................................. OCEAN GROUP Building.................................. Hanoi....................................... ............................... 2.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. The environment is being seriously damaged by human activities........................................ Doctors and teachers should be paid more than sport and entertainment stars because of their great contribution....  .................................... 3...................................................................

............................................................................... ....................................................................................................... Companies should pay their staff based1on how they perform............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................ ..vn Website: Zim....................................................................................................................... Thanh Xuan Dist....................... ZIM ACADEMY| Room 2501...................... Vietnam Tel: (84-4) 62854395 E-mail: info@zim........ 5.4...... ................................................  ...........................................vn ......................................  ... Going abroad to study has become popular among young Vietnamese students.....................  .........................................................  ................................... OCEAN GROUP Building................................................................. Hanoi........................... 19 Nguyen Trai St.............