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Working Principle of HYDRAULIC JACK or


HYDRAULIC PRESS
October 26, 2009
By admin (http://engineering.myindialist.com/author/admin/)
HYDRAULIC JACK or HYDRAULIC PRESS
The hydraulic jack is a device used for li%ing heavy loads by the application of much smaller force. It is based
on Pascals law, which states that intensity of pressure is transmitted equally in all directions through a mass
of fluid at rest.

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WORKING PRINCIPLE: The working principle of a hydraulic jack may be explained with the help of Fig. 23.
Consider a ram and plunger, operating in two cylinders of di0erent diameters, which are interconnected at the
bottom, through a chamber, which is filled with some liquid.

(http://engineering.myindialist.com

/wp-content/uploads/2009/10/clip_image00240.gif)

(http://engineering.myindialist.com

/wp-content/uploads/2009/10/clip_image0049.gif)
Fig. Hydraulic jack Fig. Plunger
Let
W= Weight to be li%ed,
F = Force applied on the plunger,
A = Area of ram, and
a = Area of plunger.
Pressure intensity produced by the force F, p = F/Area of plunger = F/a
As per Pascals law, the above intensity p will be equally transmitted in all directions.
Therefore, The pressure intensity on ram = p = F/a = W/A or W= F(A/a)
Above Equation indicates that by applying a small force F on the plunger, a large force W may be developed by
the ram.
Mechanical advantage of press = A/a
If the force in the plunger is applied by a lever which has a mechanical advantage (L/l) then total mechanical
advantage of machine = (L/l)(A/a)
The ratio (L/l) is known as leverage of press.

9/21/2016 4:35 PM

Working Principle of HYDRAULIC JACK or HYDRAULIC PRESS - Eng...

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http://engineering.myindialist.com/2009/working-principle-of-hydraulic-j...

Hydraulic jack may be employed for the following jobs:


Metal press work (to press sheet metal to any required shape).
Drawing and pushing rods.
Bending and straightening any metal piece .
Packing press.
Last Updated: Monday, September 19, 2016
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(http://engineering.myindialist.com/2009/working-principle-of-hydraulic-li'-direct-actingand-suspended-type/)
2. Lab Manual | Working Principle of Reciprocating Pump (http://engineering.myindialist.com
/2009/lab-manual-working-principle-of-reciprocating-pump/)
3. LAb Manual | PELTON TURBINE (http://engineering.myindialist.com/2009/lab-manual-peltonturbine/)
4. Lab Manual | Principle of working of CENTRIFUGAL PUMP (http://engineering.myindialist.com
/2009/lab-manual-principle-of-working-of-centrifugal-pump/)
5. Various types of Hydraulic Devices (http://engineering.myindialist.com/2009/various-typesof-hydraulic-devices/)

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16 Responses to Working Principle of HYDRAULIC JACK or


HYDRAULIC PRESS
Somshankar
October 13, 2011 (/2009/working-principle-of-hydraulic-jack-or-hydraulic-press/#comment-2594)
di0icult to understand

HFO POWER PLANT (http://hfoplant.blogspot.com/)


March 13, 2012 (/2009/working-principle-of-hydraulic-jack-or-hydraulic-press/#comment-3026)
What should be the properties of fluids used in hydraulic hack?

yasir
April 3, 2012 (/2009/working-principle-of-hydraulic-jack-or-hydraulic-press/#comment-3071)
eng inf abt thermodynamics

RAHUL KUMAR MAURYA (http://www.nokiaovistor.com)


April 19, 2013 (/2009/working-principle-of-hydraulic-jack-or-hydraulic-press/#comment-4107)
You help me to assigment of hydraulic thanks i am student of IERT ALLAHABAD RAHUL MAURYA
78********

admin
April 19, 2013 (/2009/working-principle-of-hydraulic-jack-or-hydraulic-press/#comment-4110)
Thanks, please dont give the phone no. on any public forum

Kathelin liana (http://www.rediifmail.com)


May 24, 2013 (/2009/working-principle-of-hydraulic-jack-or-hydraulic-press/#comment-4414)
Its awesome!

Kathelin liana (http://www.rediifmail.com)


May 24, 2013 (/2009/working-principle-of-hydraulic-jack-or-hydraulic-press/#comment-4415)
Yeah its good and it helped in in my physics project. I am in class VIII and it helped me very much.
THanks a lot.

Kathelin liana (http://www.rediifmail.com)


May 24, 2013 (/2009/working-principle-of-hydraulic-jack-or-hydraulic-press/#comment-4416)
But only give a bit easier diagram with properly labelled

Lawyers
August 15, 2013 (/2009/working-principle-of-hydraulic-jack-or-hydraulic-press/#comment-5161)
A neighbor associated with my own urged me personally to see your website month or so ago, due to
the fact both of us like precisely the same things and I need to tell you Im certainly impressed.

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Working Principle of HYDRAULIC JACK or HYDRAULIC PRESS - Eng...

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mukesh verma
February 28, 2014 (/2009/working-principle-of-hydraulic-jack-or-hydraulic-press/#comment-7503)
thankyou

rishi khalate (http://engineering.myindialist.com/2009/working-principleof-hydraulic-jack-or-hydraulic-press/#.VdAHq8nAPMA)


August 17, 2015 (/2009/working-principle-of-hydraulic-jack-or-hydraulic-press/#comment-98590)
it makes our way very easy to resolve or perform any cumbersome activity.

admin
August 17, 2015 (/2009/working-principle-of-hydraulic-jack-or-hydraulic-press/#comment-98592)
Thanks for the appreciation.

Mayesh
October 28, 2015 (/2009/working-principle-of-hydraulic-jack-or-hydraulic-press/#comment-99877)
It really helped for understanding scienceand also builds our todays science

Indrajeet kumar verma


July 12, 2016 (/2009/working-principle-of-hydraulic-jack-or-hydraulic-press/#comment-102808)
its help me preparation of sem exam . IERT Allahabad

A passer by
September 18, 2016 (/2009/working-principle-of-hydraulic-jack-or-hydraulic-press/#comment-103782)
Makes it incredibly easy to understand and apply the mechanisms and principles. I didnt even
realise you could apply the mechanism of pivot and lever to multiply the mechanical advantage.
Thankyou.
One improvement: seperate out and number the diagrams so its immediately obvious what goes
where (and second diagram is a bitsquashed).

admin
September 19, 2016 (/2009/working-principle-of-hydraulic-jack-or-hydraulic-press/#comment-103819)
Thanks a lot.

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