Autonomous Spacecraft Experiment

Participation in OP-SAT and further ESA missions.
Contacts: m_zayan@yahoo.com and steve.lee@astrosat.biz

Created by Dr Mohamed Zayan
Developing in partnership with Stevenson Astrosat Ltd.
© 2013 Autonomous Spacecraft Experiment

Dr. Eng. Mohamed Zayan

ASTROSAT

Contents:
Phase-One, Autonomous Spacecraft Orbit Determination, Estimation, and
Control (ASODEC)- Using GPS/GNSS signals
Orbit Determination and Estimation
(Slides 3-9)
Phase Two , Spacecraft Control Using Adaptive Neural Networks Predictive
Controllers (SCANNPC) and GPS/GNSS
Slides (10-12)
Technical Description, Principle and Systems
Slides (13-14)
Business Case, Slide (15)
Current Status, Slide (16)
Requirements / Next Steps, Slide (17)

© 2013 Autonomous Spacecraft Experiment

Dr. Eng. Mohamed Zayan

ASTROSAT

Technical description – Phase 1
Autonomous Spacecraft Orbit Determination, Estimation, and Control
(ASODEC)- Using GPS/GNSS signals
Phase-One, Orbit Determination and Estimation
Meet technology needs for:
 Increased satellite autonomy
 Support for collaborative science missions
 GPS/GNSS navigation to satellites with limited GPS visibility (e.g.,
high-Earth and geosynchronous missions)
 Proposed formation flying/constellation missions

© 2013 Autonomous Spacecraft Experiment

Dr. Eng. Mohamed Zayan

ASTROSAT

Technical description – Phase 1
Autonomous Spacecraft Orbit Determination, Estimation, and Control
(ASODEC)- Using GPS/GNSS Signals
Phase-One, On- Board Orbit Determination and Estimation
Benefits:
Increases accuracy: Reduces navigation errors in position and in
velocity when compared to traditional receiver solutions.
Improves reliability: Produces highly accurate orbit estimations even
when only one GPS/GNSS satellite is visible, greatly improving
reliability for many applications.
Reduces mission cost: By enabling autonomous navigation, eliminates
the need for ground-based orbit determination and tracking, while
still allowing accurate ground-based monitoring and planning.

© 2013 Autonomous Spacecraft Experiment

Dr. Eng. Mohamed Zayan

ASTROSAT

Technical description – Phase 1
Autonomous Spacecraft Orbit Determination, Estimation, and Control (ASODEC) Using GPS/GNSS signals
Phase-One, On- Board Orbit Determination and Estimation
Benefits:

Technical description – Phase 1
Autonomous Spacecraft Orbit Determination, Estimation, and Control (ASODEC) Using GPS/GNSS signals
Phase-One, On- Board Orbit Determination and Estimation
Applications:

Technical description – Phase 1
Autonomous Spacecraft Orbit Determination, Estimation, and Control (ASODEC) Using GPS/GNSS signals
Phase-One, On- Board Orbit Determination and Estimation
How it works

Technical description – Phase 1
Autonomous Spacecraft Orbit Determination, Estimation, and Control (ASODEC) Using GPS/GNSS signals
Phase-One, On- Board Orbit Determination and Estimation
How it works
  ASODEC incorporates the information from all past measurements—
carefully balanced with ASODEC data of the physical models
governing these measurements—to produce an optimal estimate of
the user spacecraft's orbit.
  ASODEC high-fidelity state dynamics model reduces sensitivity to
measurement errors and provides high-accuracy velocity estimates,
permitting accurate state prediction during signal outages or
degraded coverage.

© 2013 Autonomous Spacecraft Experiment

Dr. Eng. Mohamed Zayan

ASTROSAT

Technical description – Phase 2
Autonomous Spacecraft Orbit Determination, Estimation, and Control (ASODEC) Using GPS/GNSS signals
Phase-One, On- Board Orbit Determination and Estimation
Autonomous operation
  ASODEC reduces total mission cost by eliminating the need for
routine, ground-based orbit determination and special tracking
services.
  In addition to enabling the forwarding of information directly to the
scientific investigators, onboard autonomous navigation products
enable attitude control, maneuver planning, orbit control, and
acquisition of communications signals.
  ASODEC was designed for autonomous operation within the very
limited resources of an onboard computer.
  ASODEC object-based design and open architecture make it highly
reusable.

© 2013 Autonomous Spacecraft Experiment

Dr. Eng. Mohamed Zayan

ASTROSAT

Technical description – Phase 2
Autonomous Spacecraft Orbit Determination, Estimation, and Control (ASODEC) Using GPS/GNSS signals
Phase-One, On- Board Orbit Determination and Estimation
Testing
  In flight experiments using ESA Cube (OP-SAT) satellite data,
ASODEC-filtered GPS data produced position and velocity which shall
be comprised with traditional techniques to check the achievement in
Meter and meters/second accuracy.
  Simulations indicate that the ASODEC navigational software will
achieve a high performance for three-dimensional position and threedimensional velocity accuracies respectively in LEO satellite mission
applications.

© 2013 Autonomous Spacecraft Experiment

Dr. Eng. Mohamed Zayan

ASTROSAT

Technical description – Phase 2
Autonomous Spacecraft Control- Using GPS/GNSS Signals
Phase Two , Spacecraft Control Using Adaptive Neural Networks Predictive Controllers
(SCANNPC) and GPS/GNSS

  The SCANNPC simulation model which, has been developed, demonstrated that one
can implement an efficient on-board AOCS and orbital control system for a spacecraft
in LEO, and GEO by combining SCANNPC with input state vectors generated from the
on-board received GNSS signals.
  The key feature of using SCANNPC is that it is not necessary to developed highly
accurate, thus complex, specific dynamic spacecraft models to enable orbital and
attitude prediction and control for every new type of spacecraft design.

© 2013 Autonomous Spacecraft Experiment

Dr. Eng. Mohamed Zayan

ASTROSAT

Technical description – Phase 2
Autonomous Spacecraft Control- Using GPS/GNSS Signals
Phase Two , Spacecraft Control Using Adaptive Neural Networks Predictive
Controllers (SCANNPC) and GPS/GNSS
  Instead, a generic SCANNPC algorithm can be developed which can be trained to learn
the orbital and AOCS dynamics of the satellite during the pre-operational and
operational phase of the spacecraft ranging.
  This will enable the design and production of cost effective autonomous spacecrafts
with highly efficient operational resource management.
  The SCAANPC combined with GPS/GNSS accuracy will have the capability to cancel
the systematic and random errors in the measurements thanks to the adaptive
characteristic of the Neural Network, and predictive control capability this preventing
any abrupt behaviour due the measurement spurious errors present in traditional
methods.

© 2013 Autonomous Spacecraft Experiment

Dr. Eng. Mohamed Zayan

ASTROSAT

Technical Description – Principle

Autonomous Spacecraft Control- using GNSS signals
GEO with
SCANNPC-GNSS

EARTH

LEO with SCANNPC-GNSS

© 2013 Autonomous Spacecraft Experiment

Dr. Eng. Mohamed Zayan

ASTROSAT

Diagram
Acknowledgment
A. Garcia-Rodriguez
GNSS-SSV`
ICG WG-B, Vienna
06/06/2012

Technical Description – System

© 2013 Autonomous Spacecraft Experiment

Dr. Eng. Mohamed Zayan

ASTROSAT

Business case
  The target market is aerospace industry. However, the nature of the proposed
ANNPC-GNSS system means that it can easily be ported to other applications
requiring automated and autonomous navigation.
  The generic ANNPC-GNSS solution will enable the cost effective design and
production of different types of autonomous spacecrafts Orbital and AOCS
systems without the need to resort to costly and time consuming generation of
advanced flight dynamic modeling required by traditional methods.
  The ambiguity resolution in position measurement using traditional TTAC
ranging is around 1000 meters, compared to the ambiguity when using GNSSr,
which is expected to be around 1 meter.
  The maneuver efficiency shall be improved by at least 30 % thanks to high
accuracy GNSS measurements, and ANNPC robustness. Which would
translate to an equivalent saving in fuel.
  Cost savings in the ground station side can be achieved by removing the need
for a TTAC antenna and associated ranging system which contribute to at least
50% of the cost of the ground station.
© 2013 Autonomous Spacecraft Experiment

Dr. Eng. Mohamed Zayan

ASTROSAT

Current status

 

The Idea is simulated and tested in mathematical simulation model in model based design engineering model using
MATLAB Package and Simulink.
Orbits Design for Remote Sensing Satellite, Zayan, M.A.; Eltohamy, F. Aerospace Conference, 2008 IEEE ,
Satellite orbits guidance using state space neural network, Zayan, M.A. Aerospace Conference, 2006 IEEE ,
Resources minimization in the satellite navigation process Zayan. M.A., Aerospace Conference, 2006 IEEE
Satellite orbits control using adaptive neural networks predictive controllers (ANNPC), Aly, A.F.; Aly, M.N.; Zayan, M.A.
Aerospace Conference, 2003. Proceedings. 2003 IEEE,
Optimization techniques for orbit estimation and determination to control the satellite motion, Aly, A.F.; Nguib Aly, M.;
Elshishtawy, M.E.; Zayan, M.A, .Aerospace Conference Proceedings, 2002. IEEE
Book Title “Satellite Orbits Estimation, Determination, and Control”, Mohamed Zayan Lambert Academic Publisher
Germany, ISBN: 78-3-8433-6427-0,2010
 

The innovator (Dr. Eng. Mohamed Zayan) brings more the 15 years of experience in Aerospace industry and research in
partnership with Stevenson Astrosat to develop and exploit this innovation. Dr Zayan developed the original ANNPC
concepts as part of his PhD work.

 

Dr Zayan and his team at Stevenson Astrosat/Astrosat R&D are developing this as part of Astrosat R&D (Latvia) PECS
program and various other ITTs.

© 2013 Autonomous Spacecraft Experiment

Dr. Eng. Mohamed Zayan

ASTROSAT

Requirements / next steps
•  It is very difficult to fully validate a spacecraft orbital and AOCS system on the ground.
The obvious solution is to produce a low cost spacecraft, such as a cube sat or mini-sat,
which incorporate a prototype system that can then be validated in space.
•  Alternatively, incorporate the SCANNPC-GNSS system as a parallel implementation to a
traditional system on a planned satellite, where the prototype system can be tested, while
the traditional system can be used to safeguard against any unforeseen or problematic
situations.
•  OP-SAT and Latvia’s VETA-1 are first missions for this.

Next steps require:
  Transferring the simulation models into a embedded system target software/
firmware/hardware, an optimal combination will be selected.
  Develop engineering model using the above system in conjunction with a orbital
control simulation environment and realistic GNSS signals.
  Develop a cube-sat based flight model based on the above system.
  The possibility of developing a generic SCANNPC-GNSS solution which can be
applied to any unmanned vehicle.
  We are actively looking for other missions, development and hosted flights.
© 2013 Autonomous Spacecraft Experiment

Dr. Eng. Mohamed Zayan

ASTROSAT