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Organic Lab

Mandatory Safety Lecture

Welcome to Organic Lab!

You must view and read this entire presentation and then pass the
online Safety Quiz with a score of 70% or more
Failure to do so will result in being dropped from this course

Organic Lab - Room 219

Lab Coordinator and Prep

Dr. Douglas H. Pool
Office: 223A, Chemistry and Biochemistry
Phone: 806.834.4461
Office Hours: 9:00 am 9:50 am MWF,
during lab, or by appointment

Safety is the number one priority!

Various hazards in all labs
Physical Hazards
Broken glass, needles, book bags (tripping
hazard), etc
Broken, cracked, or disposable glassware need to
be disposed of properly and immediately

Broken glass

Disposable glass
Cracked glass

Physical Hazards (continued)
Heat sources - hot plates, MelTemp apparatus
Never touch the heat source. They
look the same whether they are hot
or cold, so always treat them like
they are hot

UV light source
Never look into the UV light; always
shine the lamp downward and away
from your or your lab mates eyes


Chemical Hazards
Some organic solvents/reagents are toxic, irritant, flammable

Hazardous chemicals should always be handled in the hood. Wear gloves to

avoid contact and take care when transferring from on container to another.
Your TA will dispense particularly hazardous chemicals like concentrated acids
and bases
Never use a pipet to remove liquid from a large bottle. Always pour a small
amount from the bottle into a beaker. The pipet could fall into the large bottle and
be very hard to retrieve or even contaminate the contents of the bottle.

Chemical Hazards (continued)
Routes of Exposure
You can either be externally or internally exposed to
chemicals by:
Inhalation (via mouth and/or nose)
Ingestion (via mouth)
Absorption (via skin contact; this is why we minimize skin
exposure in the lab)
Injection (via needles, broken glass, etc)

Effects of Chemical Exposure
Acute results from a single, short exposure (burn, cut,
etc.); effects are often short and reversible
Chronic results from repeated exposure over a long
period of time; effects are delayed and often irreversible
Example acute effect of alcohol: intoxication;
chronic effect of alcohol: cirrhosis of the liver
Our labs work with chemicals on small scales and with
limited exposure time in an effort to reduce the possibility
of chronic effects

Safety Labels
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration
(OSHA) recently released new standards for the
labeling of chemicals.
It is important for all chemists to be able to recognize
the following pictograms (memorizing these
pictograms is to your benefit)

Useful information and links can be found at:

Safety Labels

Useful information and links can be found at:

Safety Labels

Useful information and links can be found at:

Think About the Risks of Using

Thoroughly read the lab manual and come
prepared for lab
Note which chemicals must remain in hoods
(e.g. - lachrymators such as oxalyl chloride)
Reagent bottles MUST be tightly capped
when not in use
(e.g. magnesium sulfate, MgSO4, is a
drying agent and is moisture sensitive)
Spills (after informing the TA) must be
quickly cleaned up and the waste discarded

Safety Data Sheets (SDS)

formerly called Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)

If you are concerned about a specific chemical,

feel free to look up its SDS
SDS contain important information about
chemicals: how to handle them, potential
hazards, physical properties, health effects, etc
SDS for every chemical used in lab are
available in the prep lab (206), and online
(search for the chemical name + SDS/MSDS)

Needle Safety
To prevent accidental needle sticks never
uncap or recap needles in lab!

Your TA will uncap all needles.

Disposal of Waste
Liquid Organic Waste look for jars with an orange
label in the hood
Look at the orange Waste label and
make sure it denotes the major waste
you are adding to the bottle. If it does
not, either you or your TA should add
the chemical name to the bottle.
Ensure that you are putting the proper waste in the
proper container. HALOGENATED WASTE, waste
containing fluorine, chlorine, bromine, or iodine should
be separate from the NONHALOGENATED WASTE,
any other organic waste (not soluble in water)
Securely recap the waste bottle

Disposal of Waste
Liquid Organic Waste (continued)

Dichloromethane (CH2Cl2) is a common organic

solvent. After use, it should be disposed of in the
Acetone (CH3COCH3), ether/diethyl ether
(CH3CH2OCH2CH3), and other organic chemicals
that do not contain a halogen atom should be
disposed of in the NONHALOGENATED WASTE

Disposal of Waste
Aqueous Waste
You will often have aqueous waste
(waste that is soluble in water), that
does not contain any organic
Ensure that you are putting the proper
waste in the proper container. ACIDIC
AQUEOUS WASTE, waste that tests
acidic to pH or litmus paper should be
separate from the BASIC AQUEOUS
WASTE, waste that tests basic to pH
or litmus paper.
Securely recap the waste bottle

Disposal of Waste
Solid Waste look for SOLID WASTE jars in the
Look at the orange Hazardous Waste label and
make sure it denotes the major waste you are
adding to the bottle. If it does not, have your TA
add the chemical name to the bottle.

Disposal of Waste
Needles look for the red Sharps Container
Your TA will properly uncap all needles for students
during the organic lab courses
NEVER recap a needle; TAs will disassemble needles
and syringes for the students and dispose of caps &
syringes in their proper waste container

Disposal of Waste
Broken and disposable glass Blue & white
broken glass boxes located throughout the lab
NEVER dispose of broken or disposable glassware in the
trash can (do not put regular trash in these broken glass
boxes either)

General Safety Rules

Dress appropriately! Minimize skin exposure
Long, durable pants (NO exposed skin from the
waist down, no leggings/tights; denim is best)
Leggings are skin tight and made of synthetic
material. Any organic chemical can dissolve this
material and harm your skin.

Close-toed shoes that cover the entire foot

(open-toed or open-heeled shoes are NOT
allowed; leather shoes are best)
No skin should be showing from the waist down
(no exposed ankles, no holes in your pants, etc)

General Safety Rules

Dress appropriately! Minimize skin exposure
Lab Coat (worn in the lab only; lab coats are not
allowed outside of the lab to minimize
Goggles with splash shields (not safety glasses)
Disposable gloves (required when handling
chemicals; gloves are not allowed outside of the
lab to minimize contamination)
Tie back long hair; confine loose sleeves and
other articles of clothing

What Not to Wear

Leggings/tights of any kind

Shoes & jeans that do not

completely cover foot/ankle


Capri pants; sandals/opentoed shoes

Safety Glasses

General Safety Rules

No food, drink, or cosmetics allowed in the

No food or drink

This rule includes
water bottles in your

No cosmetics

Students in labs 219, 221, and 222 should store backpacks and personal belongs
in the hallway lockers.
Students in room 207 should store backpacks along the wall in the lab, not in the
walkways/aisles (make sure no food or drink is brought into the lab)

Violation of Safety Rules

You will be dismissed from lab for the day if you are
not wearing the proper lab attire. You will receive a
zero for the lab report of the missed experiment
(zero tolerance).
Violation of a safety rule that can be corrected on site
(e.g. failure to wear goggles or lab coats, bringing
food/drink in the lab) will result in an automatic
deduction of at least one Safety Point per rule
TAs have the right to dismiss any student from the lab
for violating any safety rule, even one that can be
corrected on site

Precautionary Measures
Know the location & operation of safety
equipment in the lab
Safety Showers are located at the doors leading to
the hallways
If you are exposed to a chemical on your body you
will need to tell your TA as you are going to the
safety shower
Wash the affected area for at least 15 minutes
under the safety shower
Your TA will evacuate the lab and you MUST
disrobe to remove the contaminated clothes &
chemical from your skin. Your modesty is
secondary to your safety
You will be provided a change of clothes once you
are safe from the chemical exposure
Minor skin exposure on the hands or arms can be
washed with water for at least 15 minutes in the

Precautionary Measures
Know the location & operation of safety
equipment in the lab
Eye Wash Stations are located at every other sink
(the area around the eye wash station must be kept
If you are exposed to a chemical in your eye, you
will need to tell your TA as you are going to the eye
wash station (it is best to not wear contact lenses in
lab; some chemicals can inhibit the removal of the
Wash the affected area for at least 15 minutes

Precautionary Measures
Know the location & operation of safety
equipment in the lab
Fire Blankets are located in red boxes along the
walls of the lab
If you are exposed to a flame you will need to tell
your TA immediately
Always employ the Stop, Drop, and Roll method
and your TA can cover you with a fire blanket at the
same time

Precautionary Measures
Know what to do in case of emergency:
Inform your TA immediately about any injury,
accident, or spill
Your TA will may send a student to get Dr. Pool
(office 223A; prep lab 206), Ms. LaQuetta
Purkiss (the General Chemistry Prep
Chemistry/Instructional Lab Safety Staff, room
108), or Mr. Justo Adame (the Department
Safety Officer, room 216)

Precautionary Measures
Know what to do in case of emergency:
After the situation has been resolved, the
student, the TA, and the responding faculty
member must fill out an Incident Report Form
(found on the IR table in each lab)
If medical attention is needed you will be sent
(or escorted) to Student Health Services, located
at Flint and Main
If necessary, 911 can be called and you will be
taken to the hospital
You are responsible for any costs associated
with medical emergencies

Incident Report Forms

This Instructions for Incident

Report Form Completion sign
is posted in each lab by the IR

Incident Report Forms

Copies of the Incident Report

Form are in each lab at the IR

Precautionary Measures
In case of fire alarm or other evacuation
Follow your TAs instructions
If feasible, turn off all water, hot plates, etc and take
your belongings with you

Your safety is priority. If there is immediate

danger in your laboratory, evacuate immediately
without turning off water, hot plate, etc or
gathering your belongings.

In the event we need to evacuate

the lab and leave the building
Meeting Area

Organic Teaching


In Case of Emergency

Dr. Douglas Pool


Dr. Douglas Pool


Instructions for what to do In

the event of an accident or a
spill in a teaching laboratory
are posted in each lab on the
bulletin board by the door.

Useful tips/Review
Come prepared & follow the experimental procedure
Always follow your TAs instructions
Read the syllabus it contains much useful information
(e.g. course schedule, absence policy, grades, etc.)
Keep all your graded and returned assignments (as study
material and reference in case of a grade dispute)
Only use glassware and supplies found in your assigned

Useful tips/Review
Always wear your safety goggles (even if youre finished
with the lab, you never know when someone elses
experiment will pose a threat)
Do not wear lab coats in the hallways
Remember to button up your lab coat
Do not put ANYTHING in your mouth in the lab (food, drink,
lip balm, chemicals, pens, etc)
Be cautious with flammable solvents and harmful chemicals
Double check the labels; be sure you are using the proper
Minimize loss of chemicals & dispose of chemicals properly

Useful tips/Review
Minimize skin contact with chemicals (wear your lab coat &
gloves; no skin showing below the waist)
Do not inhale vapors from volatile materials
Tie back/confine long hair & loose articles of clothing
Exercise care when assembling glass apparatus and using
electrical equipment
Report any injury, spill, or accident to your TA immediately;
once resolved, fill out the incident report form
Keep everything clean & organized (lab, glassware, bench,
balances, etc use detergent to clean glassware)
Clean your work area and the common areas of the
laboratory a clean lab is a safe lab

Useful tips/Review
Wash your hands before leaving the lab (use the hand soap
provided, on wall behind sinks)
Never heat a closed system
Never weigh anything on filter paper (use the provided
weighing paper)
Dont use cell phones or mp3 players in the lab (they are a
distraction and you do not want to ruin the device by having
a chemical spill on it)
Ask questions
Use common sense

Keeping clean your work area is a safety matter!
Spilling an acid or a base on the bench and leaving without
cleaning it will put in danger the health of your fellow student.
This will not be tolerated!
The failure to fulfill the cleaning duties will result in a
automatic deduction of 20 points for that lab and a warning
from your TA. A second offense will result in dismissal from
the lab for that day with a zero.

After you finish the experiments:
Clean and dry all your dirty glassware and put everything back into your
Remove any trash from the bench top, wash and dry the bench
Return the hotplate and the MelTemp apparatus to the shelf at the
middle of the bench. (Make sure you dont put the cords on top of the
Store the stands, clamps and rubber hoses into the designated drawers
Ask your TA to check your work area, sign your lab notes and lock your

General Course Information

Required text:

The spiral bound Organic Chemistry Lab Manual with a blue cover;
(ISBN: 978-1-11846-261-4)

General Course Information

Students should rent lab coats in 47 the first week of class;
credit cards accepted.
NOTE: Disposable lab coats sold to general chemistry students and
lab coats sold at the book stores for non-chemistry classes such as
biology do NOT offer sufficient protection for your organic chemistry lab
course and are not allowed. Failure to acquire an appropriate lab coat
will result in the denial of access to the teaching lab and zeroes for
missed experiments. The rental lab coats available in 47 meet the
safety requirements for the lab course.
NOTE: Lab coats used in organic lab experiments are considered
contaminated with chemicals that may be harmful to you or others
outside of the laboratory space. As such you are not allowed to take
the lab coats from lab during or at the end of the semester, even if
you bring your own lab coat.

General Course Information

Students can purchase goggles ($8) from either CGSO
in 47 at the same time as lab coat rentals or from the
ACS student affiliates from the counter of 217 near to
the stair well.
Read the syllabus & course schedule available on
Blackboard, there may be questions about the syllabus
on subsequent quizzes
Read the safety chapter (Ch 2) in the lab manual, there
may be questions about this chapter on subsequent
You must come to the first lab meeting wearing
appropriate lab attire