Pictorial Markings for Export Packaging Pictorial Markings is the Picture Oriented Language which represents the message

or instructions for handling the goods during transport while exporting/ importing. Pictorial markings are the indicators of the probable hazards involved during transit. This is an international language of communication between package and everybody in products life cycle. Significance of pictorial markings: Ω Useful in conveying consigner's intention Ω Informs the crew about handling Ω Informs about the contents Ω Facilitate the easy and rapid recognition of the probable hazards Ω Superior over text forms (Markings in text format in particular language may create confusion due to language problem) Reference standard: Bureau of Indian Standard (BIS) has made a standard IS 1260 -1979, PART I & II which gives details of the pictorial markings, this was adopted on 28th May 1973. Part I gives the details of the pictorial markings for Dangerous Goods, while Part IIgives the pictorial markings for General Goods. This standard covers the recommendations of IMCO (IMDG), classifications as per Transport and Communication commission (TCC) and it also covers the classifications of UNO & IATA (DGR). Abbreviations IMCO- Inter-Governmental International Maritime Consultative Organization TCC - Transport & Communication commission UNO – United Nations Organization IATA – International Air Transport Association Types of pictorial markings: Following are the types of pictorial markings. Ω Pictures Ω Symbols Ω Picture / symbol with Text Forms of pictorial markings: Ω Stenciling (i.e. directly on package) Ω Stamping Ω Labeling Ω Metal plates Ω Tags Specifications of pictorial markings (for general markings) Ω Size:Minimum 10 cms x 10 cms Ω Colours:  French blue  Grass green  Canary yellow  Signal red

 Light orange Specifications of pictorial markings (for Dangerous material) Ω Size : Minimum 100 mm x 100 mm Ω Shape : Strictly as shown in the figures. (e.g.. Diamond shape for all class labels Ω Colours : Strictly as shown in the STD. Ω Number of labels: Depending upon the size and shape of the package. Ω Placement should be above and left side of the shipping mark. Ω In case of more than one hazards all the labels must be provided Ω Dangerous symbol should be given precedence over general symbol Placard … Placard-specification Size : 250 mm x 250 mm Durability : must remain readable up to 3 months in case cargo is immersed in sea Minimum one placard on each side Pictorial markings for Dangerous Goods As per IS-1260, Part-1 Pictorial markings for Dangerous Goods are already described and given under the heading of Dangerous goods Classifications. Other labels

Marine pollutant Cryogenic liquid

Magnetized materials By cargo aircraft only

Pictorial markings for General Products As per IS 1260 part-2

1. Handle with Care Application: for packages containing fragile items like glass, ceramics etc. Examples: packages of TVsets, cameras, machineries with glass parts etc

2. Use no hooks Application:for packages which are to be handled with the help of metallic hooks (Hessian bags, woven HDPE sacks etc.) Examples:packages of fruits & vegetables, cement, sugar, chemicals fertilizers etc.

3. Keep away from heat Application: for packages which may get affected by UV rays or heat. Examples: Packages of pharmaceuticals, many food products and the packages containing products with low melting point (chocolates).

4. Sling here Application:for bigger shipping containers. Examples:20’, 30’ or 40’ containers.

5. Center of gravity Application:for most of the engineering packages containing heavy products. Examples:many types of machineries and spare parts. 6. Keep Dry Application:for packages and also the products which may get affected by water. Examples:packages for explosives,

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