VFD parameters setting principle

Generally, there are dozens of function parameters in variable frequency drive (VFD), or even hundreds for
option. In practical application, it is not necessary to set every parameter, most parameters can be keep
factory default settings.
1. Acceleration/deceleration time
VFD acceleration time is the time required by output frequency from 0 Hz to the maximum frequency,
deceleration time is from maximum frequency dropped to 0 Hz. Usually use the frequency setting signal
rise and fall to determine the acc/dec time. It needs to restrict the rise rate of the frequency in acceleration
during the electric motor start period in order to prevent over-current, and limit the frequency decrease
rate in order to prevent over-voltage during deceleration period.
Acceleration time setting requirements: limits the speed up current below the VFD's over-current capacity,
make the over current speed loss don't cause the VFD drives tripped; The deceleration time set point is to
prevent smoothing circuit voltage excessive, make regeneration overvoltage don't cause the variable
frequency drive tripped. Acc/dec time can be calculated according to the load, but to practical experience
it's better to set longer acc/dec time at the debugging, to see if there are over current or over voltage
alarms during the electric motor start/stop; Then shorten the acc/dec time gradually base on the principle
with no alarm in operation, repeat several times, you can determine the best acceleration and deceleration
2. Torque boosting
Also known as the torque compensation, it's to compensate the torque decrease in low speed for the stator
winding resistance of the AC motor, by increase the low-frequency range of V/F. It's enable the voltage
during acceleration goes up automatically to compensate the starting torque when it's set to AUTO, to
ensure the electric motor accelerates smoothly. Adopting manual compensation, you can get better curve
through test according to the load characteristics, especially the load starting characteristics. For variable
torque loads, the output voltage maybe too high in low speed by the inappropriate chooses, to cause a
waste of electricity energy.
3. Electronic thermal overload protection
This function is set to protect the electric motor from overheating, it calculate the AC motor temperature
rise by the VFD internal CPU base on the operation current and frequency, thus to enable overheating
protection. This function applies to "one VFD drag one motor" only, it should be installed thermal relay on
each motor when you want one ac drive drag several motors.
Electronic thermal protection setting value (%) = [electric motor rated current (A) / ac drive rated output
current (A)] × 100%.
4. Frequency limitation
Means the VFD output frequency maximum and minimum value. Frequency limitation is to prevent the
failure of impropriate operation or external frequency setting signal source from outputting frequency too
high or too low, it's a protective function to prevent damage the devices. In the application you can set it
according to the actual situation. This feature can also be used for speed limiting, like in some belt

in steady-state operation. in setting. When the acceleration time is set too short. Take an example. it will cause overvoltage alarm. the motor torque also won't exceed the maximum set value. such as the braking torque is set to 0%.conveyors. it also can ensure the motor accelerate and decelerate automatically in accordance with the torque setting. when the analog input signal is maximum (10v. Assuming the deceleration time is less than the load inertia time. Frequency setting signal gain This feature is only effective when the frequency set by external analog signal. 5v or 20mA). to make the impact load recovery characteristics of the deceleration and constant speed running improved significantly. external setting signal is 0 . The torque limitation function can achieve automatic acceleration and deceleration control. adopt the variable speed drive to reduce the wear and tear of machines and belt. 7.50Hz. But in some loads. then the deviation frequency can be set to negative x Hz to enable the variable speed drive output frequency 0 Hz. Frequency bias Sometimes it's called deviation frequency or frequency deviation setting. even acceleration time is set too short. It is used to compensate the inconsistencies between the external setting signal voltage and the variable frequency drive internal voltage (+10v). by setting the variable frequency drive maximum frequency to a certain value. VFD output frequency is 0 . in serious it will cause the VFDs tripped. Torque limit It can be divided into drive torque limitation and brake torque limitation.5v. Its purpose is when the frequency is set by an external analog signal (voltage or current). obtained the output frequency percentage of V/F graphics and treat it as a parameter to set it. it's suitable for fast deceleration applications. If the braking torque is set to 0%. this allows the conveyor belt running at a fixed. and limits the motor torque within the maximum setting value. nonlinear and S . you should be attention. If the value of the braking torque is being set too high. the VFD output frequency is not 0 Hz but x Hz. set it to 80 . it can decelerate to stop and won't cause trip even if there is no braking resistor. 8. 6. and current fluctuate heavily. it can make the total amount of the regeneration on main capacitor close to 0. Normally the VFD has three curves: linear. Some VFDs deviation value is available from 0 to fmax when the frequency setting signal is 0%.100% is proper. use this function to adjust the output frequency value when the frequency setting signal in minimum value. the bigger the braking force. The big drive torque is better for starting. hence during the motor deceleration. it will not cause the VFD tripped. it will cause idling temporary during deceleration to make the VFD start repeated. then signal gain value is set to 200%. Acc/dec mode selection Also known as the acc/dec curve selection. the torque function will control the motor slip. It is based on the VFD output voltage and current values and calculates torque by CPU. In debugging. Drive torque feature provides a powerful starting torque. low speed status. due to not so many materials being transported. when the frequency setting signal is 0%. When the load torque increases suddenly. The smaller value of the braking torque. 5. some variable speed drives even can be set on the bias polarity. at the same time it's convenient for voltage selection of the analog signal.

we can obtain the same control performance with DC motor in principle. Currently. 10. nonlinear curve is suitable for variable torque loads. the VFD is designed with energy-saving control function dedicated V/F mode. The motor can output maximum torque in variety operating conditions when adopts torque vector control function. especially the ac motor in the low-speed operating status. to compensate the velocity deviation caused by a load fluctuation. but there are exceptions. to make the motor has a hard mechanical characteristic. The reason is: the drawing fan rotate automatic before starting due to the flow of flue gas. this mode can improve the efficiency of the electric motor and the VFD drive. meanwhile. then select the S-curve. You can set it according to the load torque characteristics to select the right curve. to achieve energy saving purposes. Of course.curve. Then I changed it to S-curve which worked fine. which can add the slip frequency corresponding to the load current. and is able to meet most systems requirements without the speed feedback circuit in the external of the VFD. Torque vector control Vector control is based on the theory: asynchronous motors and DC motors have the same torque mechanism. means the load torque decreases proportional to the square of rotation speed in the speed decline. like fans etc. but have not do the work for the electric motor parameter manual setting and automatic running. This feature can be selected base on actual situation to enable it or not. The relating function is slip compensation control. but normal after disable it. I used to debug a boiler Fan VFD. (2) Do not know enough of the parameter function settings. Variable frequency drive Preventive Maintenance . thereby avoid the frequency inverter from trip. Energy-saving control Fans and pumps are all belong to decrease torque load. select the acc/dec curve to non-linear curve. The reasons are: (1) The original motor specification is far different with the VFD requires. this is the method used for the VFD that does not enable start DC braking function. due to the VFD enables slip compensation according to load current value and the phase. the variable frequency drive tripped as long as starting. S curve is suitable for constant torque loads. 9. 10 parameters are very advanced technology. You can enable or disable it according to the specific circumstances. the frequency rises slower in starting. Vector control mode is decomposing the stator current into magnetic current and torque current and controlled separately. output the stator current to the motor after their synthesis. the output voltage can be decreased automatically according to the load current. it's also no effect after I changed lots of parameters. the variable speed drive almost applies no feedback vector control. This feature is mainly used for position control. such as energy-saving control function can only adopt V/F control mode. Therefore. can not use vector control mode. The 9. and it's reversed to become a reverse load. the acceleration and deceleration changes relatively slow. but some users simply can not enable them in equipment transform. means the VFD trip frequently when they enable it. usually most of them choose the linear curve. (3) Have enable the vector control mode.

To avoid fault during operation it is always better to perform preventive maintenance of variable frequency drive as per manufacturer recommendations. Yearly preventive maintenance is always for the system not the VFD self in my opinion. belts and couplings the variable frequency drive can still be damaged. . Certainly dust. Only rotating part is fan so should be check noise of fan. moisture and loose connections are main causes of fault. Clean and dry air is required to clean the variable frequency drive.Preventive Maintenance is all great for the variable frequency drive. Replacing capacitor due to age should be done only in a repair shop that can load test the VFD drive after replacement. Also remember that if the system is not checked like the motor cable/connections. replacing fan and having spare. Connections should be tighten with recommended torque with torque wrench. cleaning with dry air. Remember for most spare drives have been on the shelf for over a year you need to reform the capacitors as part of the yearly maintenance. checking connections and tightening with correct torque wench/driver.