Conservation Project

Taehun Kim

Conservation Project: Conservation project is a process of
protecting and preserving after wild animals and natural resources.
Increasing and maintaining biodiversity, aka wide range of
different species living in an area, is attempted during the
conservation project.
Conservation of Species and Habitats
>>Currently, numerous numbers of animals are endangered due to
indiscreet hunting, habitat destruction due deforestation, pollution and
climate change. They need to be conserved because each living
organisms have ethical value in themselves. Each species have its
role in its ecosystem. If one is removed from the ecosystem, the
whole ecosystem might encounter destruction. Also, their unique
genetic information is very essential for human as well and lost
when species disappear.
The management of Fish stock can conserve certain species of fish.
It is an artificial aquatic fish farm, which raises endangered fish species and
provides optimum and safe conditions for fish. Overfishing is banned in order
to protect edible fishes from extinction.
The Wild life sanctuaries and National parks protect wild animals decreasing
in population from hunters, destruction of habitat and pollution. Animals such
as lions and pandas are conserved by humans.
Conservation of Natural Resources
>> Natural resources in instance, fossil fuels, gas and trees
should be conserved, as they will soon run out. They should be

Also. There are two methods to conserve water . we should try to reduce our use of these limited resources. Thus. by ensuring availability of water we can provide a better condition for our future generations.g. If people keep cut down the trees with indiscretion onwards. so then left to regrow. Conservation of Water Water should be conserved because it is our indispensable and scare resource to preserve human life. Coppicing is a process of cutting trees just above the ground level. As leaving different size of coppiced trees. Not only wherefore of extinction of natural resources. making furniture and papers. wood management system ‘coppicing’ has developed. significant amount of natural resources are being used up at all times. it will provide different habitats that suit various kinds of species and also. biodiversity may be even higher. Woods are cut down by logging companies with the purpose of construction of building. so soon they will eventually run out. Hence. it will result deforestation around the forest.therefore replaced with green forms of energy e. solar energy and wind power. As I mentioned above. Timber production should be able to be sustainable to conserve trees and forests. to prevent or reduce the damage on forest. natural resources should be reduced due to green house gases and acid rain produced while they are combusting. This can be done repeatedly every 10 or 15years.

It can be used as a fuel. In terms of modern biological classifications. Through the process. Trickling filters 1) Grit and stone removal: Grit and stones are stopped by a screen 2) Primary settlement tank: Solid wastes sink and are sent to the anaerobic digester 3) Aeration tank: Aerobic microorganisms grow and feed on the organic matter 4) Secondary settlement tank: Microorganisms sink. the microorganisms make the sewage less harmful and oxygen is provided for them by bubbling air through the tank. 2. Those microorganisms are mostly protoctists. 5) Anaerobic digester: There is no air here so all bacteria needing air is killed. it is a unicellular or simple multicellular organisms belong to the kingdom Protoctists. The sludge at the bottom is called activated sludge and is returned to the aeration tank. and slime moulds. The remaining sludge can be used as a fertilizer. This process is . Methane gas is produced. Activated sludge Liquid from the settlement tanks runs into a tank called an aeration tank. which includes protozoans. algae. This method contains microorganisms as the trickling filter does. Anaerobic bacteria feed on the organic matter.1.

and Chlorination. Physical methods are Filtration. bacteria. Sedimentation and Distillation.called “activated sludge” because the term ‘activated’ stands for presence of microorganisms. algae. Different kinds of purification can reduce the concentration of particulate matter including suspended particles. An aquifer is an underground layer of permeable rock. algae and sediments are removed by the filtration. aquifers and reservoirs. They can range from a few square kilometers to thousands of square kilometers in size. are called as filter bed. rivers. . which filter impurities. As you can see in the figure. biological and chemical methods. viruses and fungi. The methods can be divided into three types. sediment. parasites. which are physical. sand and filter. impurities are filtered in regular sequence followed by its size. As water trickles through the filter beds. those rocks. There are More Methods of Purification of Water Numerous methods are used to purify water. or soil that yields water. Water that is purified comes from lakes. parasites. Biological methods are Slow sand filters and biologically active carbon. Chemical methods are Flocculation. Filtration: Impurities in the water such as suspended particles.

very large sedimentation basin is required. impurities settle down to the bottom due to gravity. Distillation: Process of distillation is very simple. Thus. Active carbon (Activated carbon): Water is purifies while it passes activated carbon.It results a clean water Slow sand filters: This method is used usually when there is sufficient land and space. . Large particles settle more rapidly than small particles. as the water must be passed very slowly through the filters.Heat unpurified water B. Filters are built carefully using graded layers of sand. in boiler. A. It takes long time to settle all of the sediments.Heat until boiling point to vaporize it C.Purified water cools down and condensate E.Sedimentation: In this process. Activated carbon is usually used to purify other chemical substances rather than to purify water.While other impurities remain in solid state. Steam is then directed into a cooler D.

These flocculates are easily disrupted. which many plastics are made. . Chlorination: Process of water disinfected by the chlorine. microorganisms that cause such illnesses as typhoid fever. we have to reduce the number of trees cut down. dysentery. Conservation of Other material Paper Paper should be recycled and reused because their base material is a tree. Hence. cholera and gastroenteritis can be prevented. to protect the tress. they need to be protected. It is usually used purify pathogenic water. being held together only by a force analogous to the surface tension of a liquid. they do not remain as unsightly rubbish when discarded Recycling plastics reduce the pollution and also help to conserve fossil fuels. Trees can be protected by recycling it into reusable paper.Flocculation: Solid particles (Impurities) are separated from a liquid to form loose aggregations or soft flakes. As trees produce healthy oxygen and prevent air pollution. Thus. Plastic As plastics are non-biodegradable materials.

they could be easily recycled to the new glass goods. . Glass Due to the fact that glasses are made from soil. by throwing them into the furnace.Metal Metals can be conserved and recycled simply by separating it from impurities and melting it.