AP Unit 2 Study Guide – Henretta c.

5,6,7,8
____

1. Which of the following statements characterizes the British government’s attempts to meet its war

debt following the Great War for Empire?
____

2. What percentage of the average American colonists’ income in the 1760s was typically spent on

taxes?
____

3. How did Britain’s skyrocketing national debt affect its government in England and America in the

____

1760s?
4. Which of the following was one reason the British sent 7,500 troops to North America after the end
of the Great War for Empire in 1763?

____

5. Which of the following was part of British Parliament’s effort to govern the colonies after the Great

____

War for Empire ended in 1763?
6. George Grenville conceived the Sugar Act of 1764 to replace which of the following acts?

____
____
____

7. George Grenville designed the Sugar Act of 1764 to accomplish which of the following?
8. The colonists’ real objections to the Sugar Act stemmed from which of the following?
9. On what basis did the American colonists object to the vice-admiralty courts in which violators of

the Sugar Act were tried?
____ 10. The Stamp Act was instituted by Parliament in the colonies in 1765; it was
____ 11. How did British politicians respond to the American’s cry of “no taxation without representation”?
____ 12. Which of the following statements characterizes responses to the planned Stamp Act?
____ 13. At the same time that Parliament imposed the Stamp Act, it also passed the Quartering Act, which

required
____ 14. Which of the following statements describes the Stamp Act Congress, which was held in New York

in 1765?
____ 15. Americans responded to the Stamp Act by comparing it to which past event?
____ 16. Members of activist groups, such as the Sons of Liberty, were typically which of the following?
____ 17. Which of the following factors was among those that motivated many merchants, artisans, and

journeymen to protest against the Stamp Act?
____ 18. Why did the British General Gage refuse to use his military force to protect the stamps that were to

be used once the Stamp Act took effect?
____ 19. In the 1760s and early 1770s, lawyers and other educated Americans used common-law arguments

mainly to
____ 20. John Dickinson’s Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania was a response to which of the following
policies?
____ 21. Patriots’ widely publicized use of natural rights arguments to protest British actions in the 1760s

inspired which of the following?

according to the colonists? How did the Daughters of Liberty contribute to the American boycott of British goods in the late 1760s? Which of the following statements most describes the colonial boycott efforts of 1768–1769? How did the authorities in Great Britain respond to the American boycott of 1768–1769? How did the Stamp Act crisis of 1765 compare to the crisis over the Townshend duties in 1768? For which of the following reasons did the British government resolve to punish the boycotters and enforce the Townshend Duties by 1769? In the decade before the American Revolution. 27. Which aspect of the Townshend Acts posed a great danger to American political autonomy. Which of the following events took place during the Second Continental Congress in 1775? ____ 47. New England delegates advocated which of the following plans? Which of the following actions did the First Continental Congress ultimately decide to implement in 1774? Which of the following actions did Lord North’s government take in response to the First Continental Congress in 1775? ____ 42. Which of the following statements describes the historical significance of the April 1776 Battle of Lexington and Concord? ____ 46. after five years of crisis and debate over American sovereignty. ____ 32. Which of the following statements characterizes the participation of farmers in the Patriot movement by 1774? ____ 43. Who led the moderate faction at the Second Continental Congress and won approval of a petition expressing loyalty to George III and asking for a repeal of oppressive parliamentary legislation? ____ 48. The Townshend Acts of 1767 imposed duties on which of the following goods? ____ 24. Which Patriot leader persuaded Bostonians to create the first committee of correspondence? Which of the following was the purpose of the Tea Act imposed by Parliament on the colonies in May 1773? Why did radical Patriots in the colonies object to the Tea Act of 1773? The 1774 Coercive Acts applied to which of the following colonies? Why did New Englanders resent the Quebec Act of 1774? Which of the following describes the First Continental Congress of 1774? At the First Continental Congress in 1774. 38. ____ 34. which took place on March 5. In which of the following ways did the Rockingham ministry in Britain fashion a compromise to the Stamp Act crisis in 1766? ____ 23. 39. 1770? By 1770. 36. 37. ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ 35. ____ ____ ____ ____ 26. 28. ____ 25. the colonists’ achieved the greatest effect by using which of the following means of protest? Which of the following statements describes the Boston Massacre. What prompted many southern yeomen and tenant farmers finally to support independence from Britain in 1775? . Which of the following individuals would have been an unlikely Loyalist in 1776? ____ 45. ____ 41. ____ 30. Why did Chesapeake slave owners increasingly rally to the Patriot cause? ____ 44. ____ 31. 29. ____ 40. ____ 33.____ 22.

Which of the following statements characterizes events at Valley Forge in the winter of 1777–1778? ____ 65. What was significant about George Washington’s leading of his troops across the Delaware River on Christmas night in 1776? ____ 55. the new American state governments relied primarily on ____ 62. Why was the Battle of Saratoga historically significant? ____ 58. The Treaty of Alliance that the French and Americans signed in 1778 included which of the following stipulations? ____ 67.____ 49. England had a clear advantage at the outset of the Revolutionary War. How did the British respond after their loss at the Battle of Saratoga in 1777? ____ 68. Why was the popular pamphlet entitled Common Sense significant? ____ 50. The British strategy in its military campaign in the South in 1778 relied on which of the following factors? ____ 70. Which of the following outcomes resulted from the Continental Congress’ approval of the Declaration of Independence? ____ 51. France gave serious consideration to an alliance with the rebel colonies primarily because it regarded the war as an opportunity to ____ 66. Which of the following statements describes the American Revolution’s impact on civilians in areas that saw military conflicts? ____ 61. but Americans had which of the following factors operating in their favor? ____ 52. Which of the following factors posed a major problem for the colonies during the American Revolution? ____ 60. Which of the following statements characterizes the relative military strengths of the British and Patriot forces during the Revolutionary War? ____ 53. Which of the following was a consequence of the large increase of paper currency in circulation in the states during the Revolutionary War years? ____ 63. What spurred the British Parliament to repeal the Tea Act in 1778? ____ 69. Which of these events occurred at the Battle of Long Island in August 1776? ____ 54. Patriot women contributed to the war effort in the 1770s by ____ 59. How did the finances of the Continental Congress compare to those of the states during the first two years of the Revolutionary War? ____ 64. To finance the war during its first two years. Which of the following describes the Continental army during the Revolutionary War? ____ 57. Through which of the following actions did Sir Henry Clinton launch his southern campaign in 1778? . Which of the following statements describes British military strategy during the first two years of the Revolutionary War? ____ 56.

What happened to the property of Loyalists during the Revolution? ____ 84. they could not ultimately secure which of the following? ____ 79. Which event turned the tide of the war after Britain’s series of victories in the South in the late 1770s? ____ 72. Despite the favorable terms Americans achieved in the 1783 Treaty of Paris. Which of the following issues formed the basis for the major political and economic challenges that faced postrevolutionary state governments in the 1780s? ____ 92. Which of the following statements explains the Patriots’ successful revolution against Great Britain? ____ 76. Why did British and American diplomats take nearly two years to conclude a peace treaty after the British surrendered at Yorktown? ____ 78. Although women made few gains in the eighteenth century. What did Shays’s Rebellion. The Great Compromise led to which of the following outcomes? ____ 94. The three-fifths compromise dealt with which of the following issues? ____ 95. Which of the following was true under the Articles of Confederation? ____ 86. Why was Abigail Adams a notable figure in the Revolutionary era? ____ 82. they did achieve a degree of progress in 1790 when they won which of the following? ____ 83. Why were the land ordinances of the 1780s considered a great accomplishment of the Confederation Congress? ____ 90. Which of the following factors made a critical contribution to the outcome of the Battle of Yorktown in 1781? ____ 74. Which of the following was a result of the Loyalists’ exodus during and after the Revolution? ____ 85. Which of the following factors explains George Washington’s success as an American military leader? ____ 77. which took place in Massachusetts in the winter of 1786–1787. Which of the following statements characterized Pennsylvania’s democratic constitution of 1776? ____ 81. Why was the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 significant? ____ 88. Why did the British surrender to the Americans in the Battle of Yorktown in 1781? ____ 75. Which of the following battles marked the end of the American Revolution in 1781? ____ 73. Why did it take the Continental Congress several years to ratify the Articles of Confederation? ____ 87. Which of the following statements characterizes postwar trends in American trade? ____ 91. Which constitutional provision demonstrated the framers’ lack of trust in the “people”? . Pennsylvania’s constitution of 1776 contained which of the following provisions? ____ 80. demonstrate to American political leaders? ____ 93.____ 71. Which of the following states were eventually created out of the Northwest Territory? ____ 89.

Which of the following served as a catalyst for the 1794 domestic insurgency known as the Whiskey Rebellion? ____ 111. The critical disagreement that led to the emergence of political parties in the mid-1790s was based on which of the following issues? ____ 107. Which statement was true of George Washington’s 1793 Proclamation of Neutrality? ____ 109. The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions. 1787. Approval by Congress and ratification by the states of the Bill of Rights had which of the following outcomes? ____ 103. Which of the following statements describes actions the first congressional government undertook in 1789? ____ 102. and Connecticut among the first to ratify the United States Constitution? ____ 98. The Constitution. Why was Toussaint L’Ouverture a significant figure in the 1790s? ____ 114. supported which of the following positions? . Georgia. 10. In Federalist No. election of 1796? ____ 115. Alien. Hamilton made which of the following concessions? ____ 106. Which of the following is true of the U. leading Federalists promised that ____ 101. Which of the following describes Jay’s Treaty of 1795? ____ 112.____ 96. James Madison maintained that the constitutional government would accomplish which of the following ends? ____ 100. To persuade Massachusetts. The Naturalization. Why were Delaware. gave the national government which of the following? ____ 97. Thomas Jefferson’s vision for the future of the United States included which of the following ideas? ____ 108. American antifederalist Patrick Henry opposed the ratification of the Constitution for which of the following reasons? ____ 99. Which of the following events was the Federalists’ response to the Republicans’ criticism of their policies in the 1790s? ____ 116. as completed on September 17. To win votes for his financial plan. Which of the following individuals would have been unlikely to gravitate toward the Republicans in the late 1790s? ____ 113. and New York to ratify the Constitution. which were set forth in 1798. Virginia. Alexander Hamilton’s 1789 financial plan for the United States included which of the following items? ____ 104. Which of the following statements characterizes the American reaction to the French Revolution? ____ 110. Why was Hamilton’s financial plan so controversial? ____ 105.S. New Jersey. and Sedition Acts had which of the following outcomes in the United States in the 1790s? ____ 117.

who condemned assimilation and demanded a return to ancestral customs? ____ 125.____ 118. The 1783 Treaty of Paris addressed Native Americans living in the Old Northwest in which of the following ways? ____ 121. relations with France during the late 1790s? ____ 119. Why was Pinckney’s Treaty of 1795 significant? ____ 133. Which of the following statements describes migrants who left New England during the 1790s? ____ 127.S. Why did Thomas Jefferson call his election to the presidency the “Revolution of 1800”? ____ 120. What was the immediate cause of the illegal duel in which Vice President Aaron Burr killed Alexander Hamilton in 1804? ____ 138. Why did Thomas Jefferson decide to attempt to purchase New Orleans in 1801? ____ 135. Which of the following was true of New Englanders’ westward migration during the 1790s and 1800s? ____ 128. Which of the following phrases describes the federal judiciary at the time Thomas Jefferson became president in 1801? ____ 130. The southern migrants who moved along the coastal plain toward the Gulf of Mexico between 1790 and 1820 originated in which of the following areas? ____ 126. Henry Knox. Which of the following best characterizes the Native American response to whites’ assimilation efforts in the Midwest in the late eighteenth century? ____ 124. Why did Thomas Jefferson dispatch the Lewis and Clark expedition in 1804? . Jefferson responded to the Barbary States. Who led the conservative Senecas. Which of the following describes Jefferson’s approach to the opportunity to purchase Louisiana in 1802? ____ 136. threats against American shipping by ____ 129. Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes U. Which of the following took place in response to the Jefferson administration’s purchase of Louisiana? ____ 137. Which of the following statements characterizes federal land price policies in the Northwest Territory during 1790–1820? ____ 134. favored which of the following approaches to Native Americans? ____ 122. Why was the decision in the case Marbury v. Jefferson’s administration demonstrated its disagreement with Hamilton’s philosophy by ____ 132. Indians ceded much of Ohio and acknowledged American political sovereignty in which of the following treaties? ____ 123. Washington’s Secretary of War. In 1801. Madison (1803) of great importance in American history? ____ 131.

Why did a national market emerge in the United States between the 1780s and about 1820? ____ 158. Which of the following stipulations was included in the Adams-Onís Treaty of 1819? ____ 150. The prophet Tenskwatawa was historically significant for which of the following activities? ____ 141. The growth of the textile industry in New England in the early nineteenth century negatively affected which of the following occupations? ____ 161. Which of the following factors made the critical contribution to the Federalist Party’s downfall? ____ 147. In which of the following lists is the emergence of American financial institutions placed in the correct chronological order? ____ 155. the American economy ____ 140. In which of the following ways did the growth of rural manufacturing affect New Englanders in the early eighteenth century? ____ 160. As a result of the Embargo Act of 1807. Which of the following statements describes the Federalists’ response to the War of 1812? ____ 143. In which of the following actions did President James Madison contradict the traditional philosophy of Republicans? ____ 146. Which of the following was true of the “Era of Good Feeling”? ____ 151. Which region of the Union was known for its support of the declaration of war on England in 1812? ____ 142. Which of the following statements characterizes the operations of the Bank of the United States in the twenty years after its 1791 chartering? ____ 153. Which of the following statements describes transportation in the trans-Appalachian West in the early nineteenth century? ____ 162. Which of the following was an outcome of the postwar election of 1818? ____ 145.____ 139. a prominent New York merchant of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. The Panic of 1819 caused which of the following outcomes? ____ 157. John Marshall’s decisions upheld the principle of ____ 148. made his fortune in which trade? ____ 152. John Jacob Astor. Which of the following took place after the Bank of the United States’ charter expired in 1811? ____ 154. Which of the following objections to the system of state-sponsored mercantilism emerged in the United States by 1820? . Which of the following cases is properly paired with its corresponding decision? ____ 149. Which of the following describes the textile industry that was emerging in New England and the Middle Atlantic states in the 1780s? ____ 159. Which of the following spurred the Panic of 1819 in the United States? ____ 156. Why was the American victory at the Battle of New Orleans in 1815 significant? ____ 144.

Noah Webster influenced American society in the late eighteenth century through which of the following means? ____ 180. American ministers such as Thomas Bernard argued in the early nineteenth century that women should exercise their power in society through ____ 176. government base its claim that the commonwealth system was consistent with republican ideology? ____ 164. On what basis did the U. Which of the following describes the publication Letters from an American Farmer? ____ 165. How did yeomen and tenant farmers who were influenced by the Second Great Awakening in the nineteenth century treat their children? ____ 178. In the early republic. Which of the following describes the relationship between social status and wealth in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century American history? ____ 166. Which of the following statements describes the extent to which parents exercised control over their children’s marriages in the United States in 1800? ____ 168. which group would have endorsed Thomas Jefferson’s and Benjamin Rush’s proposals for comprehensive public education? ____ 179.S. About how many African Americans were still living in slavery in the northern states in 1810? . Society's notion of women as republican wives and mothers was based on which of the following ideas about women? ____ 175. Which of the following characterizes the impact of republican ideology on child rearing in America in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries? ____ 177. Why did the emancipation of slaves proceed very slowly in the northern states during and after the Revolution? ____ 181. In theory.____ 163. Benjamin Rush and other leaders argued that women should be educated so they could do which of the following? ____ 174. In the early 1800s. What was the net effect of republican marriage patterns on the institution of marriage in early nineteenth-century America? ____ 171. Which of the following describes the political developments taking place in America during the first two decades of the nineteenth century? ____ 167. The spread of the cultural attitude known as sentimentalism in early nineteenth-century America had which of the following social and cultural consequences? ____ 169. Which of the following characterizes the impact of companionate marriage on divorce in the early nineteenth century? ____ 172. companionate marriage gave wives equality of rank and fortune but did not solve the issue of ____ 170. Which of the following factors contributed to the sharp decline in the American birthrate from 1790 to 1820? ____ 173.

Which of these statesmen played a critical role in creating and passing the 1820 Missouri Compromise? ____ 189. What was the Second Great Awakening that took place in the United States in the nineteenth century? ____ 193. Which of the following was a result of the Second Great Awakening? ____ 199. enacted in 1820? ____ 190. The proposed 1819 Tallmadge Amendment articulated which of the following plans? ____ 188. The Missouri Compromise prohibited slavery in which of the following regions of the Louisiana Purchase? ____ 191. rested on which of the following? ____ 186. The increasing importance of women in the Protestant denominations in New England during the Second Great Awakening led to which of the following outcomes? . The Second Great Awakening deeply influenced American culture and society by ____ 198. which ensured that the national government would continue to protect slavery. Which of the following describes the Missouri Compromise. Which of the following statements characterizes the relationship between church and state in postrevolutionary America? ____ 192. African Americans who converted to Christianity during the Second Great Awakening embraced which of the following teachings? ____ 197. Why did a group of prominent citizens found the American Colonization Society in 1817? ____ 187. In which of the following ways did evangelical religions in the South evolve during the first decades of the nineteenth century? ____ 196. Which of the following describes the state of Southern society in the early nineteenth century? ____ 185. Which were the two fastest-growing American church denominations during the early nineteenth century? ____ 194. Emma Willard was the first American to advocate for which of the following reforms? ____ 200. How did evangelical Christians spread religious revival during the Second Great Awakening? ____ 195.____ 182. Which of the following developments ended the debate over emancipation in the South in the early nineteenth century? ____ 184. The South’s political clout. Which slaves became free as a result of the Virginia legislature’s passage of a manumission act in 1782? ____ 183.