The spoken language

The language is the primary key to any culture. The Philippines count over 90 distinct languages! Still
lots of tales and legends are transmitted from grand parents to grand children in precious moments.
Sometimes, someone writes them down. But most often they vanish with the family's memory.
On July 4, 1946, Tagálog (Pilipino) was officially declared the national language of the Philippines
(wikang pambansâ ng Pilipinas). Candidates for the title of official language were the eight 'major'
languages of the archipelago, having at least one million speakers.
In the final round were Cebuano, with the largest number of native speakers, and Tagalog, the
language of Manila, the capital. Tagalog won, and from this day non-Tagalog first graders are required
to learn Tagalog.
Tagalog is also a morphologically complex, predicate-initial language, in which the predicate (in many
cases, a verb) occupies the initial slot of a sentence.
Tagalog, like its sister Philippine languages, is an Austronesian language distantly related to the
languages of most of Indonesia, Madagascar, aboriginal Taiwan, most Pacific isles, and parts of New
Magbasa nang higit pa tungkol sa mga wika na sinasalita sa Pilipinas.
The written language
The written language is the next important key on accessing a culture. Remember the Rosetta Stone the link which allowed understanding Egypt's hieroglyphs.
Unfortunately in most cultures the written word had only be accessible to the upper classes. As in
Europe, literacy came very late to the farmers and workers in the Philippines. Today the literacy of the
Philippine's population is 93.6%.
Lots of foreigners are happy that the Filipinos write in roman characters. This fact is the result of the
Spanish colonialization. Before the Spaniards invaded the Philippines, people had their own writing.
An interesting fact is the use of the ancient "Baybayin" writing as a security mark on the new Philippines
banknotes. In the lower right corner, just above the value of the note, you find some strange signs.
When you hold the banknote against the light, the signs are completed by the back side equivalents
and show the word Filipino written in Philippine ancient "Baybayin" alphabet.
Magbasa nang higit pa tungkol sa pagsusulat sa Pilipinas.
The first book printed in the Philippines is the "Doctrina Christiana", see also the written language. It
had been published 1593 in Manila.
Tomas Pinpin wrote and printed in 1610 "Librong Pagaaralan nang mga Tagalog nang Wikang Kastila",
119 pages designed to help fellow Filipinos to learn the Spanish language in a simple way. He is also
credited with the first news publication made in the Philippines: "Successos Felices".
On December 1, 1846, La Esperanza, the first daily newspaper, was available in the country. Other
early newspapers were La Estrella (1847), Diario de Manila (1848) and Boletin Oficial de Filipinas
In 1863, the Spanish government introduced a system of free public education that had an important
effect on the ability of the population to read in Spanish and further in the rise of an educated class
called the Ilustrado (meaning, well-informed).
Spanish became the social language of urban places and the true lingua franca of the archipelago. A
good number of Spanish newspapers were published until the end of the 1940s, the most influential of
them being El Renacimiento, printed in Manila by members of the Guerrero de Ermita family.
Magbasa nang higit pa tungkol sa panitikan sa Pilipinas.
Although, geographically, the Philippines belongs to the East, its music has been heavily influenced by
the West owing to 333 years of Spanish rule and 45 years of American domination.
Music in the highland and lowland hamlets where indigenous culture continues to thrive has strong
Asian elements. Spanish and American influences are highly evident in the music of the urban areas.
Three main roots are apparent:
an old Asian influenced music referred to as the indigenous;

work songs related to planting. A system to classify Philippines' music is a geographic or ethno-linguistic approach: for example. bamboo or wood. There are many dances performed in the Philippine Islands such as the popular "Tinikling". Sampaguita Pictures. Vocal genres include epics relating genealogies and exploits of heroes and gods. zithers. "Dancing keeps us away from negative things. The 1970s were the second golden age of Philippine cinema with the period of the avant-garde filmmakers. a resurgence of Visayan films came about through Lapu-Lapu Pictures. The year 2009 brought the highest international esteem to a Filipino filmmaker when Brillante Mendoza was judged as the Best Director at the Cannes Film Festival for his film Kinatay (Butchered). and even more fun to learn and perform yourself. semi-classical. It is this type of music that is still practiced today by the indigenous groups. flutes. Movie & Theatre In August 1897. In indigenous music. where dance is an integrated part of education. you release all your emotions and it will end up with a beautiful smile. presented the first imported movies on the Lumiere Cinematograph in Manila at Escolta Street. and popular music. and children's game songs. Another is the Moro-Moro which expresses the conflict between Christians and Muslims in the country. In 1977. so too are the dances. made a film entitled Mababangong Bangungot (Perfumed Nightmare). lutes. Fiesta de Quiapo (Quiapo Fiesta). This starts in the morning in schools. These dances are entertaining to observe. As part of the Philippine tradition. ritual songs to drive away evil spirits or to invoke blessings from the good spirits. fishing. which is somewhat more Hispanic in flavour. . ‘Cenaculo’ takes place as an on-stage performance that re-enacts the passion of Christ. It is also a means of liberal and artful way of expressing opinions and talents. Liebman and Peritz." The Philippines have many popular folk dances which have evolved and changed as they have been passed down from generation to generation. to the exoticized "Pangalay". For instance. Theatre arts have long been existing as a part of the Filipino tradition and serve effectively as a medium of social awareness and entertainment. Although a particular dance might be performed slightly differently from one region to the next. Kidlat Tahimik. mourning songs for the dead. harvesting. Dance As varied are the people of the Philippines. its remains true to its roots. during Holy Week. Dancing plays an important role in Filipino culture.a religious and secular music influenced by Spanish and European forms. and an American/European inspired classical. there’s no right or wrong. Using the Lumiere Cinematograph as a camera. It lasts till late in the night especially when there is a fiesta. when you move. After the second world war. traditional Tagalog music. courting songs. These include gongs of various kinds of size and shapes. everything is positive. which won the International Critic’s Prize in the Berlin Film Festival that same year. songs to celebrate festive occasions particularly marriage. Premiere Productions and Lebran International) were at their peak in filmmaking. Puente de España (Bridge of Spain) and Escenas Callejeras (Street scenes). victory at war. Antonio Ramos locally filmed Panorama de Manila (Manila landscape). many festivals and occasions are celebrated in the country where theatre arts are in use. or the settling of tribal disputes. drums. clappers and buzzers. differs from Ifugao music and Islam influenced Maranao kulintang music. Dancing is deep inside Filipinos. various kinds of instruments are made of bronze. to the skill-based interpretation of the "Banga" and Spanish-tinged "Jota" Dances are performed anytime and anywhere. telling their history and preserving traditions through folk dances and music. The 1950s were labeled as the first golden age of Philippine cinema. two Swiss entrepreneurs. Four big production studios (LVN Pictures. making him the first movie producer in the Philippines. birth. a movie about murder and police brutality.

locals. Goyenechea is a visual artist in different domains such as painting and photography. Another very interesting website is Go Philippines. Tomas Nazario and Miguel de los Reyes. He uses his artistic insight and experience to capture the color and essence of a Philippine setting. He was drawn more towards the gentle rolling hills and rice fields of the Philippines rather than the cosmopolitan world of Europe's proud cities. he pays homage to the Filipino tradition and way of life. or "Ifugao rice Gods. He is a hobby painter who recently started taking it seriously as an avenue of expressing his innate talent to explore in the aesthetic realm one's quest to capture the appeal of nature and human response to its illusive beauty and profound mystery. Since most art produced during the first two centuries of Spanish occupation were for the church. During the American period (1900-45) on-demand portraitists included Fabian de la Rosa. Camarines Sur and now lives in Bagasbas near Daet. Another contemporary artist I know is Valentino Goyenechea Jr. was so impressed by his work that he offered to send Amorsolo to the Academia de San Fernando in Madrid for further studies with a generous stipend for himself and his family. This article contains excerpts of Ronnie Pasigui's presentation. Still today. and well-being. One of his most copied paintings is the "Palay Maiden". a local version of Spanish operetta. They were commissioned in 1786 by a Spanish botanist to paint the flora and fauna found in the country. Sculpture Early carved human figurine are known from the cordilleras. Secular subject matter in painting only increased during the 19th century. With more tourists. Michael vanquishing the devil. ilustrados and foreigners demanding souvenirs and decorations from the country. Despite his exposure to Western influences. ‘Zarzuela’ is another famous theatre performance. and smaller breasts more typical of Filipinas rather than full bodied Caucasian women. It also became an album of different native costumes. Even his illustrations of Spanish women were drawn with slender physiques. In many other places or occasions. art was only for the church and religious use. narrower hips. the bulols. 1790-1832) was the most popular artist who worked in this style. happiness. Botor was born in Naga City. Jorge Pineda and above all. These watercolor paintings show the different types of inhabitants in the Philippines in their different native costumes that show their social status and occupation. Fernando Amorsolo retained his Filipino consciousness. Until the 19th century. Painting The first paintings were commissionned works during the Spanish colonial era. They are carved of narra wood.In other towns. who is an ardent patron of the arts. He lives with his family in Dumaguete (Negros). tipos del pais developed in painting. Don Enrique Zobel. Teodoro Buenaventura. Fernando Amorsolo. variety of traditional plays that express the Filipino love for arts are shown even up to this very day. then you find a girl in a very similar pose in the water. which is usually a drama play. and are usually made in pairs. Deeply rooted in culture. OFW. Every step in their production requires a . which represents wealth. The owner of the beverage company. Amorsolo designed the logo for Ginebra San Miguel (Markang Demonyo) depicting St. One of them is Monico Benjamin Botor. did the first still life paintings in the country. whose style would dominate the period. If you compare Amorsolo's painting below with the painting in Botor's atelier. a famous theatre form called “carillo”. the friars enforced strict supervision over their production. Fernando Amorsolo's work still influences many contemporary painters. is shown after the harvest season. migrants and tourists to gain more knowledge about Philippines. Several Filipino painters had the chance to study and work abroad. a blog dedicated to all Filipinos. Tagalog painters Jose Loden. Miguel Zaragoza. Two of his paintings decorate our house. Damian Domingo y Gabor (ca. The logo is still in use in its original form today. Among them were Juan Novicio Luna and Felix Resureccion Hidalgo who became the first international Filipino artists when they won the gold and silver medals in the 1884 Madrid Exposition." are kept in the house or granary. There is also some Chinese influence which can be found in the brush handling.

palm wood and bamboo) to adobe. Kuwan. Nine Muses at the UP Faculty Center (1994). langka wood. patis. You find this logo in our Explore section. 4. Abueva Handicraft Inspired by the Japanese One Village One Product Movement of 1979. ano. A familiar example of sculpture with the integration of architecture is the Art Deco Style of the Metropolitan Theater at Liwasang Bonifacio completed by Juan Arellano in 1931. A consecrated bulol has been bathed in pig's blood. The Transfiguration at the Eternal Garden Memorial Park (1979). Panay. If you're api and you know it. alabaster. an extended beam carved with the Sarimanok or the Naga design. you understand why Filipinos are nearly always smiling 1. He was born in Tagbilaran. or handmade products. Among the major works of Abueva are: Kaganapan (1953). Fishermen wear the typical conic hat made of sliced bamboo or palm leaves. OTOP products vary. cement. Favorites: toyo't calamansi. crack a joke. Fredesvinda in Fort Canning. in Filipino culture. At a loss for words? Try these and marvel at how Pinoys understand exactly what you want. Merienda. and brooms in Santa Fe in Nueva Vizcaya. from tree selection to arrival at the owner's house. he won the Pura Villanueva-Kalaw scholarship and finished Bachelor of Arts in Sculpture in University of the Philippines in 1953. Bohol in 1930. . metal. are decorative and make the perfect gift (pasalubong) for your family and your friends. Woodcarving comes in ornamental form in the houses of the Maranao like that of the "torogan" which features the "panolong". Examples of OTOP products include Arabica coffee in the Cordillera region.ceremony. stainless steel. suka at sili. specialty dishes. Nothing personal. Current Filipino President Benigno 'Noynoy" Aquino has authorized the continuation of the OTOP program. Handicraft you can see anytime and anywhere in the Philippines. The Bicol Express in Naga-City isn't a train but a spicy food. bronze. Sunburst at the Peninsula Manila Hotel (1994) and the bronze figure of Teodoro M. coral and brass. The Pegaraw pegasus and tamaraw by Napoleon V. iron. Chong has collected "100 reasons to be happy to be a Filipino". Although the word literally means “to carve” it is not confined to carving alone but also refers to design. enough room for experimentation and maximum tolerance for diverse tastes. Pinoy humour and irreverence. the Philippines' OTOP program was proposed by then-President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo as early as 2002 and launched in 2004. and rice cakes. When you read them. and received offerings of wine. marble. had myths recited to it. acacia. On nearly any island you find a blacksmith who makes the traditional bolos. Abueva utilized almost all kinds of materials from hard wood (molave. Another good example is the potter's village of Lezo in Aklan. Bahala na ! Bahala Na translates literally as "leave it up to God (Bathala)" and it is used as an expression. cacao products in San Isidro in Davao del Norte. ipil. almost universally. Sawsawan. Where else but in the Philippines is it normal to eat five times a day? 2. Other OTOP products are the Lanzones fruits and the famous Pastel buns in Camiguin. where we show you cities and islands. Abueva is known as the "Father of Modern Philippine Sculpture". really. The carvings brought to the Philippines by early Arab and Russian missionaries were of beveled type as the slanting type called Okkil. and can include fruits. Kalaw in front of National Library. kamagong. ritual boxes. Kiss of Judas (1955). Napoleon V. Hand made items are usually not expensive. Assorted sauces that guarantee freedom of choice. Elma L. 3. In 1951.

kapre. Fiesta. unbearably stinky and simply irresistible. filial respect--a balm to the spirit in these aggressive times. life is truly a beach.5. Dinuguan. manananggal. Tingi. More than just a beauty contest. Bayanihan. their rich adventures pepper our storytelling. 8. 13. this one has religious overtones. Unhatched duck's embryo. 9. Another way of sharing life's bounty. drink and be merry. this smelly fish or shrimp paste typifies the underlying theme of most ethnic foods: disgustingly unhygienic. reckless. Kenkoy. Jeepneys. They come unbidden and spring. Facifica Falayfay. fast. shrugs the poor man who. Beaches! With 7000 plus islands. 10. 18. no-holds-barred spread. Not to mention "Hiwaga. before political correctness kicked in. The whole underworld of Filipino lower class mythology recalls our uniquely bizarre childhood. Yes. that is. 14. Messy but delicious. hang on to your seat. Lagalag. Po. It's a Pinoy celebration at its pious and riotous best. but also this habit of pitching in still common in small communities. Balut. Santacruzan. Still. 7. Bagoong. If the driver's a daredevil (as they usually are). a bloodcurdling idea. Helena's and Constantine's search for the Cross that seamlessly blends piety." "Tagalog Classics. From the stormy seas of Batanes to the emerald isles of Palawan--over here. 19. Spirituality. interesting ride. 17. we have miles and miles of shoreline piled high with fine white sand. with gusto. Even before the Spaniards came. to indulge in guilty pleasures! Sprinkle some salt and suck out that soup. Pilipino komiks. a vehicle of postwar Pinoy ingenuity. 12. bathalas and assorted deities. another unspeakable ethnic food to outsiders. 20. Best when mined with jalapeso peppers. this Everyman's communal cadillac makes for a cheap. Pulpy publications that gave us Darna. Blood stew. once a year. it's the perfect excuse to show off the prettiest ladies--and the most beautiful gowns. characters of a time both innocent and worldly. and a wonderful excuse to shop without the customary guilt. and nibbled by exotic tropical fish. Plus. The Balikbayan box. Just have that cold beer and some pulutan ready for the troops. Our way of sharing the vicarious thrills and delights of a trip. mano po. for tomorrow is just another day. no matter if it seems like we're fleeing Pol Pot every time we head home from anywhere in the globe. a tableau of St." "Aliwan. 11. 15. Kulafu. Thank goodness for small entrepreneurs. who or whatever it may be. Eat. pageantry and ritual. soap. the contents are carted home to be distributed. Folk songs. pointing to a strong relationship with the Creator. Darkly mysterious. deference." "Liwayway" and "Bulaklak" magazines. Where else can we buy cigarettes. Aswang. condiments and life's essentials in small affordable amounts? 6. Dyesebel. more often than not. lapped by warm waters. Colorful. until you try it with puto. like a second language. at the slightest nudge from the too-loud stereo of a passing jeepney or tricycle. 16. full blown. the internationally-renowned dance company. but oh. ethnic tribes had their own anitos. . honors a patron saint with this sumptuous. Speech suffixes that define courtesy. opo. Pasalubong. The most wonderful part is that.

31. Loida Nicolas-Lewis. Gary V. kare-kare. 26. tuyo. Gloria Diaz. Pinoy root beer. 36. Fidel V. Pinoy fruits. Carlos P. with a complimentary dusting of polluted air. There is in the crunch a hint of the extravagant. Crumbly peanut chocolate bars that defined childhood ecstasy before M & M's and Hershey's. langka. before movies and television curtailed imagination and defined grown-up tastes. dalanghita. chico. suha. Our grandfathers had them with an egg beaten in. Romulo. durian. keso. Elma Muros. all-around controversial figures: Aurora Pijuan. Manuel L. Luisito Espinosa. Plus there's the colorful cart that recalls jeepney art. Sharon Cuneta. pulburon. ube. Eugene Torre. Paeng Nepomuceno. 29. Charito Solis. as in burong talangka. and who expect a family update from the courier. singkamas--the possibilities are endless! 34. palitaw.21. the poor Pinoy's taxicab that delivers you at your doorstep for as little as P3. 33. mais. Cory Aquino. Melanie Marquez. ube haleya. Dirty ice cream. Mel and Jay. bokayo. too salty. as well. guyabano. langka. Perfect with vinegar. we're the guys who put sugar & franks (horrors) in our spaghetti sauce. Pork. makopa. heaven. 27. Efren "Bata" Reyes. Movie stars. Quezon. halo-halo. Pakidala or padala. Pinoy hospitality. Remember. 25. Emilio Aguinaldo. Atis. the enduring taste of childhood. ironically. has become a major Philippine export as overseas contract workers. pastilyas. public officials. mabolo. the Eraserheads. A dietitian's nightmare: too sweet. chesa. Pitoy Moreno. 30. Onyok Velasco. 28. Margie Moran. Erap. fork and table manners--ah. Cardinal Sin. Lydia de Vega-Mercado. Yum! . papaya. Ninoy Aquino. sapin-sapin. Ramon Magsysay. Nora Aunor. ensaymada. siniguelas. sweetened macapuno and garbanzos. Lilia Calderon-Clemente. Choc-nut. San Lorenzo Ruiz. Kamayan style. The trusted Filipino nanny who. the decadent and the pedestrian. Jocelyn Enriquez. Pinoy tastes. Sarsi. broadcasters. fish or chicken crackling. Lola Basyang. too fatty. 24. Home is where one can let it all hang out. beauty queens. macapuno. A personalized door-to-door remittance and delivery system for overseas Filipino workers who don't trust the banking system. sinigang and other lutong bahay stuff. sublime with beer. Home-cooked meals that have the stamp of approval from several generations. Gemma Cruz. Ramos. longganisa. Tricycle and trisikad. Very Pinoy flavors that make up for the risk: munggo. where clothes do not make a man or woman but rather define their level of comfort. World class Pinoys who put us on the global map: Lea Salonga. 23. Adobo. Pambahay. itlog na maalat. The voice one heard spinning tales over the radio. Filipino celebrities. 35. Tiya Dely. Richard Gomez. kutchinta. no matter how skimpy or austere it is. Francis Magalona. 32. A good one is almost like a surrogate parent--if you don't mind the accent and the predilection for afternoon soap and movie stars. To eat with one's hand and eschew spoon. Chicharon. Josie Natori. who swear by closely-guarded cooking secrets and family recipes. lanzones. crab fat (aligue). Just about everyone gets a hearty "Kain tayo!" invitation to break bread with whoever has food to share. Yayas. 22.

'' and proving it. and guarantee a good time for all. basagan ng palayok. lahar. 47. environment-friendly alternatives to polyester that feature skillful workmanship and a rich indigenous culture behind every thread. corniks. Pinoy games: Pabitin. and Tamagochi. From the pinukpok of the north to the malong of the south. PBA. Mayon Volcano. Corregidor Island. Kayumanggi. Balagtasan. We'll survive Cory. Rizal Park. ever-useful. Now if some folks would just stop turning them into daing. agimat and anting-anting. it's the fiber of who we are. They're Pinoys. All-powerful. join pals in sickness and health. You can get dead drunk and still make it home. Marcos. Erap. 44." using just a piece of string. Despite its shrinking size. usa. 51. Truly Filipino in origin. A few basic rules make individual cunning and persistence a premium. Filipinos love to sing. 45. world-renowned beer goes well with peanuts. 42. the Las Pinas Bamboo Organ. the color of a rich earth or a mahogany tree growing towards the sun. chicharon. lambada. the 1990 earthquake. crunchy and cholesterol-rich chasers. Tabo. the US bases. Banaue Rice Terraces. Bohol's Chocolate Hills. 49. A land of contrasts and ever-changing landscapes. San Miguel Beer and pulutan. How the vertically-challenged Pinoy compensates. Mt. 43. the dolphins and other creatures in our blessed waters. Do you know that it's invaded the Middle East as well? 50. this hunting tool. For saying that "the Filipino is worth dying for. 54. 40. barbecue. and thank God a lot of us do it well! 53. via a national sports obsession that reduces fans to tears and fistfights. Jaworski. Fort Santiago. palosebo. toy and merchandising vehicle remains the best way to "walk the dog" and "rock the baby. Yoyo. tapa. Hand-woven cloth and native weaves. Fidel. Ninoy Aquino. Love potions and amulets. best when hot. 46. How the socially-disadvantaged Pinoy copes. too. our skin tone is beautifully healthy. Goes well with any filling. MBA and basketball. Colorful. The verbal joust that brings out rhyme. and all manner of spicy. sisig. Pandesal. . 52. and they're here to stay. 48. 39. have another drink. reason and passion on a public stage.37. the Hundred Islands. Taal Volcano. Resiliency. Barangay Ginebra. hygienically-triumphant device to scoop water out of a bucket and help the true Pinoy answer nature's call. 38. Pakikisama. 41. When everyone became a hero and changed Philippine history overnight. "Isa pa nga!" and the Philippines' most popular. Helps maintain our famously stringent toilet habits. It's what makes people stay longer at parties. Truly Pinoy in taste and sensibility. People Power at EDSA. weapon. Robin Padilla. Neither pale nor dark. Gayuma. and a corporate icon that we can be quite proud of. Gloria. The sights. The butanding. still a good buy. Jollibee. Boracay. and whoever comes next. Sing-a-long. Banahaw. We've survived 400 years of Spanish rule.

Barong Tagalog. 59. and other heroes and revolutionaries followed: Diego Silang. Jose Rizal. 60. 66. ultra-durable comedian gives the beleaguered Pinoy everyman an odd dignity. Marcelo H. Crisp and tart. Emilio Aguinaldo. Something we often prefer over substance. tasty food with gritty ambience. Unbridled optimism. not lazy. banana-cue. English. wives. Gabriela Silang. Movies. crowded. The sensory overload is a bonus. Pepe Diokno. Too bad they can't say the same for Filipinos. often inaccurate. No exact English translation. IUD (chicken entrails). 68. 67. The Press. 62. 61. adidas (chicken feet). warm taho. but pointing to our national ability to acquire a taste for almost anything. 57. we'd all be glued to TV. Miguel Malvar. Melchora Aquino. it doubles our chances in the global marketplace. Whether carabao or Arr-neoww-accented. even in drag. What fun would sin be without guilt? Jesus Christ is firmly planted on Philippine soil. Satur Ocampo. but still the liveliest in Asia. Street food. Catholicism. but these words connote respect. Forget hepatitis. Aling. 58. Gomburza. Dean Armando .55. sensational. Andres Bonifacio. fishballs. Macario Sakay. it makes any ordinary Juan look marvelously makisig (good-looking). The siesta. Mang. but you can get anything here. 70. But every Filipino claims it as a birthright. they evoke memories of family outings and endless sunshine in a heart-shaped package. 56. 63. here's cheap. deference and the value placed on kinship. Ingkong. Style. and wealth only seems to magnify it. Francisco Balagtas. We cope with uncertainty by embracing it. Bahala na. 72. Our favorite. Mangoes. del Pilar. Why we rank so low on the suicide scale. Juan Luna. An offal stew flavored with bile. Clear plastic covers on the vinyl-upholstered sofa. totoy. they do know how to make a woman feel like one. admittedly an acquired taste. lugaw. often at rockbottom prices. Irresponsible. a pickpocket's paradise. 65. etc. 73. or lusciously ripe. diko. Filipinos. Worn well. the heroes of Bataan and Corregidor. Raha Suliman. Still the cheapest form of entertainment. ineng. Enables men to look formal and dignified without having to strangle themselves with a necktie. especially if you watch the same movie several times. Mangoes. Otherwise. Panday Pira. and are thus enabled to play life by ear. Heroes and people who stood up for truth and freedom. ditse. ate. lovers. over-accessorized jeepneys and altars--the list is endless. Apolinario Mabini. 71. Smelly. Snoozing in the middle of the day is smart. They make the best friends. Lapu-lapu started it all. 69. Honorifics and courteous titles: Kuya. Divisoria. Bad taste. Papaitan. Barbecue. Filipinas. Antonio Luna. Gregorio del Pilar. Emilio Jacinto. posters of poker-playing dogs masquerading as art. 64. So maybe they're bolero and macho with an occasional streak of generic infidelity. Dolphy.

the women lawyers who didn't let Jalosjos get away with rape. sculptor." "Student Canteen." "Lupang Hinirang. camia. Nora Aunor. Ati-atihan. pagan frenzy and Christian overtones. Festivals." "Ngayon at Kailanman. 78. Cockfighting." "John and Marsha. saya. 82. They help us help each other. calamian deer. Truly someone to emulate and be proud of. Flora and fauna. Evelio Javier. Folk dances. 74. The best refuge against loneliness. Levi Celerio. Quirks of language that can drive crazy any tourist listening in: "Bababa ba?" "Bababa!" 81." "Gaano Ko Ikaw Kamahal. Short. alitaptap. Baro't saya. Sounds. Caritas." "Handog. they continuously prove that cleanliness is next to godliness--especially now that those darned candidates' posters have to be scraped off the face of Manila! 77. husband. Filipino men love it more than their wives (sometimes). They started out as Imelda Marcos' groupies. Philippine eagle. gift-giving and music and wrap it up with a touch of religion." "Ang Pasko ay Sumapit". poet. Pilipino songs. Hero.Malay. Noranian or Vilmanian. salakot. 90." "Eat Bulaga. dark and homely-looking. Ryan Musikahan." In the age of inane variety shows. pandan. 75. they have redeemed Philippine television. rigodon. Native wear and costumes. Manuel Francisco. "Sayang!" "Naman!" "Kadiri!" "Ano ba!?" "pala. Sinulog. 79. karinosa. Ninoy Aquino. Ryan Cayabyab. George Canseco. anywhere.""Hindi Kita Malilimutan. Against all odds. honest cabbie Emilio Advincula. discrimination and confusion in a foreign place. Distant relatives and fellow Pinoys readily roll out the welcome mat even on the basis of a phone introduction or referral." "Kuwarta o Kahon. and Florante--living examples of our musical gift. Fund drives. 86. Lola Rosa and other comfort women who spoke up. 80." "Champoy. athlete. 87. martyr. genius. . A category in himself. Restie Umali. samaritan. Relatives and kababayan abroad. she redefined our rigid concept of how leading ladies should look. The sea cow (dugong). A perfect excuse to mix our love for feasting. pandanggo sa ilaw. Rona Mahilum. Lovely form and ingenious function in the way we dress. fictionist. Moriones. the only way to be for many Filipino fans. Tinikling. ilang-ilang. terno. itik-itik. the creatures that make our archipelago unique." "Ryan. 76. 88. tapis. Freddie Aguilar. offering everything from bananas and floor wax to Band-Aid and bakya. The worlds longest holiday period. anytime. lover. 89. 84. All the right moves and a distinct rhythm. Dr. "Ama Namin." "Public Forum/Lives. PAWS. Filipino Christmas." Expressions that defy translation but wring out feelings genuinely Pinoy. the tarsier. There's one in every corner. OPM and composers. sampaguita." "Anak. but have gallantly proven their worth. essayist. medicine man. Philippine National Red Cross. Favorite TV shows through the years: "Tawag ng Tanghalan. kuratsa. bearcat. Metro Aides. Jose Rizal. 83. Defines the friendly rivalry between Ate Guy Aunor and Ate Vi Santos and for many years. colors. bakya. Sari-sari store. 85.

with Filipinos braving traffic. Where else can an ordinary employee afford a stay-in helper. Handicrafts. Talong. 97. Quality of life. rattan craft. Hindi lang pang-turista. Or. From Luna's magnificent "Spolarium" and Amorsolo's sun-kissed rice fields. MariMar notwithstanding. The lengths (and miles) we'd go for a better life for our family. and we feel strongly for them. weekends sales. bamboo wind chimes. the latest fashion (Baclaran nga lang). and moral support materializes during a wake? 92. crowds. abaca novelties. to Ang Kiukok's jarring abstractions and Borlongan's haunting ghosts. 99. https://www. pang-balikbayan pa! 96. money. 98. Sunday family gatherings. OCWs.silent-gardens. and you're hanging one of Asia's best. Dahon ng Sili. 100. The colorful and leisurely way to negotiate narrow streets when loaded down with a year's provisions. 95. Kangkong. unlimited movies. close family ties that never get severed. Everyone's family tree extends all over the archipelago. In honouring our dead. Bataw. 93. Sitaw.000 relatives. Pinoy greens. Midnight madness. Calesa and karitela. Okra. and human deluge to find a bargain. woodcarvings. Munggo. and it's at its best in times of crisis.91. Shell craft. even Viagra in the black market? 94. we also prove that we know how to live. bangketas and baratillos. All Saints' Day. Gabi. The Filipino artist. and everybody else in between. Lutong bahay will never be the same without them. etc. Hang a Filipino painting on your wall.php#. banig placemats and bags. as proven by these modernday heroes of the economy. a yaya. You don't have to win the lotto or be a president to have 10. eat-all-you-can buffets. Patani. Luya. Portable memories of home. hostesses. It's retail therapy at its best. Ampalaya. Tagalog soap operas.V8ZA9fl97IU . notice how food. From "Gulong ng Palad" and "Flor de Luna" to today's incarnations like "Mula sa Puso"--they're the story of our lives.