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Understanding IPLV/NPLV

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Posted By admin, On March 1, 2010

May 14
4:30 AM - ASHRAE BOG Meeting

By: John Fabian
The Integrated Part Load Value (IPLV) is a performance characteristic developed by the
Air-Conditioning, Heating and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI). It is most commonly used to
describe the performance of a chiller capable of capacity modulation. Unlike an EER
(Energy Efficiency Ratio) or COP (coefficient of performance), which describes the efficiency
at full load conditions, the IPLV is derived from the equipment efficiency while operating at
various capacities. Since a chiller does not always run at 100% capacity, the EER or COP is
not an ideal representation of the typical equipment performance. The IPLV is a very
important value to consider since it can affect energy usage and operating costs throughout
the lifetime of the equipment. Energy codes such as ASHRAE Standard 90.1 specifies
minimum values for the equipment.

Thu, May 14, 2015, 4:30 AM - 6:00 AM
Highland Manor, East Main Street, Apopka, FL,
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6:00 AM - ASHRAE Meeting: Society President
Tom Phoenix - "Our People, Our Passion, Our
Performance"
Thu, May 14, 2015, 6:00 AM - 8:00 AM
Highland Manor, East Main Street, Apopka, FL,
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The IPLV is calculated using the efficiency of the equipment while operating at capacities of
100%, 75%, 50%, and 25%. For the purpose of chiller equipment, the operational conditions
are shown in Table 3 of AHRI Standard 550/590-2003. A water cooled chiller, for example,
is required to run at a 44ºF evaporator LWT with a flow rate of 2.4 gpm/ton. The condenser
EWT will vary depending on the part load capacity utilizing a 3.0 gpm/ton flow rate. If a
chiller is designed to operate at different conditions than specified in Table 3, including lower
water temperature or different flow rate, the efficiency is called a NPLV (non-standard part
load value). Both of these ratings can be calculated using the following equation:
IPLV (or NPLV) = 0.01A+0.42B+0.45C+0.12D
Where:
A = COP or EER @ 100% Load
B = COP or EER @ 75% Load
C = COP or EER @ 50% Load
D = COP or EER @ 25% Load
The derivation of this equation is extensive and includes various assumptions which create a
lengthy discussion. For more information refer to Appendix D, AHRI 550/590-2011.

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24 Comments
Pragya nand says:
April 16, 2015 at 8:02 am

any one tell me ..
how to calcute the minimum inside temperature can be maintain with chilled water system @
evaporator side at 54 F (chilled water in) / 44 F (chilled water out).
plz help me

mdw@kcpl.net.in says:
April 2, 2015 at 5:20 am

Can anybody tell me if some chiller is not delieverng capacity at 100% say requirement 325 TR

29/4/2015 10:48 AM

2013 at 1:12 pm Can any one let know the formula or thumb rule for pressure drop for evaporator and condenser for 300 TR water cooled screw chiller with 7/12 degree Celsius & 32/36 degree Celsius.I think for good practice for energy saving multiple compressor is the answer not a single one.org/2010/03/understanding-iplvnplv/ delievering 310 TR. not at Part load.45/C’)+(o.usage of building. MAY MEETING SIGN UP w. which option give more efficiency ? what is the basic of selecting condenser for better efficiency? pls let me know bharat bhushan says: January 22.Please let us know.On the condenser side in both the modes 95 F (condenser water in)/85 F (condenser water out). EWT/LWT & Related to condensing in out temperature. the evaporator side at 54 F (chilled water in) / 44 F (chilled water out). 2014 at 11:11 am i have to select one chilling machine from two having IPLV 0. 2014 at 1:58 pm 1. not PPLV… zamree says: May 24. 2014 at 12:49 pm C o py right 2 0 1 5 | P o w e re d by W o rdP re s s | im print t he m e by m udThe m e s What is the definition of PPLV??? I have a chiller selection with 3 ratings. the evaporator side at 54 F (chilled water in) / 44 F (chilled water out). I’m familiar with IPLV ans NPLV. thanks yasin says: December 5. Thanks Ernie Tolentino says: August 29. please suggest. 2013 at 2:45 pm COP = 12000/(Kw/ton x 3412) = 3. IPLV.517/(kw/ton) 1 Ton = 12000 Btu/hr per ton 29/4/2015 10:48 AM .r.Understanding IPLV/NPLV | ASHRAE® Central Florida Chapter 2 of 5 http://ashrae-cfl. 2013 at 8:35 am thanks Sagar says: November 6. Meeting Sign-Up George Hernandez says: December 9.On the condenser side in both the modes 100 F (condenser water in)/90 F (condenser water out)..49. which one is more efficient. no of compressor.12/D’)) Where A’ = kw/ton at 100% capacity B’ = kw/ton at 75% capacity C’ = kw/ton at 50% capacity D’ = kw/ton at 25% capacity Ernie Tolentino says: August 29.IPLV & NPLV is depend on temperature were condenser temperature from 65F to 97F(100%)… With condensing Temperature from 65 to 97F… The table data shown is confuse. Selected lower IPLV for Higher efficiency is good at only 100%. 2014 at 9:30 am IPLV & NPLV is depend on application of No of chiller Compressor to usage.but must consider on application.42/B’)+(0.Normally IPLV efficient almost at 100% at chilled water 44/54F & at 97F LWT condenser.33 and . 2013 at 4:09 pm The ASHRAE NPLV based on COP = 3. It can’t at 65F. For fact with use 1 unit bigger compressor capacity IPLV doesn’t real shown efficiency were within Part Load the compressor amp is not down due to a huge motor KW selected cause the RPM still remain at 2900 but chilled water is already reach 44/54F.t 310. quyume says: February 18.517/(NPLV based on Kw/ton) since NPLV based on Kw/Ton = 1/((. 2.01/A’)+(0. Condensing temperature for tropical area almost 87/97F consistent. NPLV and PPLV..

IPLV and NPLV both are the reciprocal of COP or efficiency. I would leave the chiller water temperture at a constant 44 degrees and use a mixing valve to control the higher temperature water for your chilled beams. I would speak to your rep because depending on your chiller low condenser water temp can cause issues. 2012 at 3:12 pm Dear All.voltas@gmail.Understanding IPLV/NPLV | ASHRAE® Central Florida Chapter 3 of 5 http://ashrae-cfl. Amit Kumar mail. Regards. However you can’t go too long.org/2010/03/understanding-iplvnplv/ 1 Kw = 3412 Btu/hr E Tolentino says: August 29. These are the percentage of time that the chiller operate at each load?. 2012 at 3:34 am 29/4/2015 10:48 AM . Mode(1)generates 160 TR and Mode(2)generates 240 TR. Regards Glen says: August 10.8 F (chilled water out) / 68 F (chilled water in) and Mode (2)on the evaporator side at 54 F (chilled water in) / 44 F (chilled water out).517/COP RAMON says: August 16.com +919910498934 Calvin Li says: April 10. 2013 at 2:10 pm Kw/Ton = 12000/COP x 3412) = 3. 2012 at 10:01 am IPLV or IEER (newest) The lower the kw/ton or the higher the EER equals the highest efficiency. Nando Amit Kumar says: April 13. 2013 at 4:43 am Lower kW/ton that means higher efficiency. 2012 at 7:12 pm Amit. Here I have to use chiller in two modes i. Very Good Morning.On the condenser side in both the modes 96 F (condenser water in)/89 F (condenser water out).e Mode (1)on the evaporator side at 60. What is the minimum temp the condenser should go to get the desired result ? Can anyone please help regarding the above issues ? I will be available on the below mentioned mail and contact no. In one of my projects I am facing one difficulty. And how does tower relief will help to get the desired result without effecting much on the efficiency end ? Outside wet bulb temp is 83 F. 2012 at 6:21 pm In the IPVL. Now my question is that in both the modes can we use the same in /out temp in condenser end or we have to modulate the same to get the desired temp at diffrent modes of the screw chiller ? Mode(1)of chiller is being used to feed chilled water to the chilled beams and Mode(2)is used to feed chilled water to the AHUs for conventional system. the coefficients are specific for each climatic zone conditions?. Regards. Analizing the indoor and outdoor temperature can I derive these coefficients?. 2013 at 2:47 pm No logro entender los conceptos IPLV NPLV PARA QUE SIRVEN Wasfi says: January 23. You will also be better off if you can keep the condenser water below design. Hernando says: April 13. Ray Hickey says: May 22.

Thus Lower IPLV = Higher Efficiency! FAYAZ says: February 6. and % glycol in either evap or condenser loop (if any). Required fields are marked * Name * Email * Website Comment You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong> 29/4/2015 10:48 AM . you’ll want to provide the model and serial number too. yes.org/2010/03/understanding-iplvnplv/ Dear Bill. the better the efficiency.Understanding IPLV/NPLV | ASHRAE® Central Florida Chapter 4 of 5 http://ashrae-cfl. 2012 at 7:10 pm will the leaving chilled water temperature(LCHT) and the entering condensing water temperature (ECWT) affect the part load performance? if yes. which is (energy input / energy output). water conditions will affect part load performance. Another important factor is if you want the analysis done using tower relief.pdf Robert says: March 4. Hans Bruce says: January 27. Contact your local rep to get chiller efficiency curves for your particuliar application. the higher the value indicate better efficiency or poorer? Thanks. the more energy efficient. Will the weighting of the COP of the formula be changed for different geographic area? Where could these weighting be found? Bill says: April 8. 2012 at 1:46 am The higher IPLV. which lowers the tower temperature as the chiller unloads. Hans Viggaard says: January 30. Bruce Leave a Reply Your email address will not be published. entering and leaving condenser temp. Bill says: February 23. Here’s a link to a document that explains AHRI tower relief. along with additional info on IPLV / NPLV: http://trane. the higher the value of IPLV. At a minimum. 2012 at 10:18 am Concerning IPLV. 2012 at 8:47 pm The units for IPLV are KW/Ton. what are the other neccesary data to get chiller curve? I am more interested in chiller curves. There are AHRI standard values that are typically used for tower relief. 2012 at 12:48 pm yes. If you are wondering about an existing chiller. they will need to know your design conditions: Capacity. Hope you can help me. 2012 at 12:58 pm Robert. This assumes the chiller unloading typically coincides with lower OA wet bulb temperatures. entering and leaving CW Temp.com/commercial/library/vol281/en_28-01.

org/2010/03/understanding-iplvnplv/ Post Comment 29/4/2015 10:48 AM .Understanding IPLV/NPLV | ASHRAE® Central Florida Chapter 5 of 5 http://ashrae-cfl.