# Abstract

This experiment aims to give the student the basic knowledge of what is an
Autocollimator, the concept that it works with and to understand how data are
analyzed to get the results. All of that will be done by measuring the straightness
of a beam.

Get the beam we want to use ready and cleaned then calibrate the autocollimator
to be in line with the reflector, turn on the lamp of the autocollimator and check
the alignment between the autocollimator and reflector at both extremes of the
operational distance. Now start taking readings at different distances and tabulate

We have the data now acquired in a table and it is ready for analysis using
graphical method and least square method to get the cumulative rise and fall of
the testing beam in micrometer.

2) To identify the principle of autocollimator device 3) To be able to draw conclusions about the straightness error using graphical methods and least square method. 3) X-axis wheel :Adjust the X-axis. 2 .Objectives 1) To measure the straightness of abeam with the use of Autocollimator. 5) Eye piece: lens to see the reflected and transmitted light.1: Autocollimator Autocollimator components: 1) Light source : light bulb connected with voltage supply . 4) Y-axis wheel: Adjust the Y-axis. 2) Reflector: a mirror that reflect light back to the autocollimator with an angle that corresponds with the straightness of the beam. Experimental setup: 1 3 4 5 Figure 1.

1 s Difference from first reading = 813.933+40+27.1-497=316.7+105.67 micron Cumulative Rise/Fall =0+32+34.1 second =(13*60)+33.1: Data collected Position 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Reflector Carriage 0 0-100 100-200 200-300 300-400 400-500 500-600 600-700 700-800 Autocollimator reading Minutes Seconds 0 0 8 17 9 53 9 61.667+56+77.8 10 17 9 40 11 5 12 10.36= 373.1 = 813.667 micron Error=Line joining.7083 micron Line joining = 46.1 s Rise/Fall in interval L =(316.7083*8=373.667 micron Line joining end point segment= 373.Data collected: Table 1.Cumulative = 0 micron .1 13 33.1/60)*20 micron = 373.6/8=46.1 Sample of calculation: Taking position 700-800: Line Joining end points Autocollimator reading = 13 minutes and 33.

337 micron Xm=X-?�=800-400=400 mm Ym=Y-?�=373.337=243 mm XmYm=97332 Xm^2=160000 m= ∑ ???? ∑ ??^2 =268443/600000=0.667-130.63 Yleast= mX+C = (0.4474*800)-48.63 =309.4474 C=?�-m?�=-48.Least square method ?�=(0+100+200+300+400+500+600+700+800)/9= 400 mm ?�= Sum of cumulative/9= 130.299 micron Max difference= Yleast.cumulative= -64.3674 micron .

An external reflector reflects all or part of the beam back into the instrument where the beam is focused and detected by a photodetector. . Discussion and conclusion: - Explain the principle of the autocollimator. The autocollimator measures the deviation between the emitted beam and the reflected beam. The autocollimator is an optical device used to measure small angles with very high sensitivity . it never comes into contact with the test surface. Because the autocollimator uses light to measure angles.2: Figure of Cumulative data.Figure 1. The autocollimator projects a beam of collimated light. - Are the existence of burrs or dust on the surface plate effect your results. line joining end points and least square line as shown in the legend. For optical autocollimator it does not effect as the light will not touch the surface but if the results will be effected if dust was on the reflector.

-The accuracy of the device is 0. it concerned with the idea that flat surfaces reflect light at 0 degree angle.The alignment between the autocollimator and reflector should be checked at both extremes of the operational distance to make certain that the target graticule is contained within the eyepiece field. -The least square method is more accurate because it depends on the average value of the position and rise and fall. -The main scale is divided in into 20 division each reads 0.-Autocollimator works on the principle of light reflection.2 second. . .5 min.