Some Urban Planning Terms

1. A road has no special qualifiers. It connects point A to point B.
2. A street connects buildings together, usually in a city, usually east to west,
opposite of avenue.
3. An avenue runs north south. Avenues and streets may be used interchangeably
for directions, usually has median
4. A boulevard is a street with trees down the middle or on both sides usually near a
large body of water
5. A lane is a narrow street usually lacking a median.
6. A drive is a private, winding road
7. A way is a small out of the way road
8. A court usually ends in a Cul de sac or similar little loop
9. A plaza or square is usually a wide open space, but in modern definitions, one of
the above probably fits better for a plaza as a road.
10. A terrace is a raised flat area around a building. When used for a road it probably
better fits one of the above.
11. A close is similar to a court, a short road serving a few houses, may have Cul de
sac
12. A run is usually located near a stream or other small body of water
13. A place is similar to a court, or close, usually a short skinny dead end road, with
or without Cul de sac, sometimes p shaped
14. A bay is a small road where both ends link to the same connecting road
15. A crescent is a windy s like shape, or just a crescent shape, for the record, above
definition of bay was also given to me for crescent
16. A trail is usually in or near a wooded area
17. A mew is an old British way of saying row of stables, more modernly separate
houses surrounding a courtyard
18. A highway is a major public road, usually connecting multiple cities
19. A motorway is similar to a highway, with the term more common in New Zealand,
the UK, and Austrailia, no stopping, no pedestrian or animal traffic allowed
20. An interstate is a highway system usually connecting multiple states, although
some exist with no connections
21. A turnpike is part of a highway, and usually has a toll, often located close to a city
or commercial are
22. A freeway is part of a highway with 2 or more lanes on each side, no tolls,
sometimes termed expressway, no intersections or cross streets.
23. A parkway is a major public road, usually decorated, sometimes part of a
highway, has traffic lights.
24. A causeway combines roads and bridges, usually to cross a body of water
25. A circuit and speedway are used interchangeably, usually refers to a racing
course, practically probably something above.
26. A view is usually on a raised area of land, a hill or something similar.
27. A Byway is a minor road, usually a bit out of the way and not following main
roads.

28. A cove is a narrow road, can be sheltered, usually near a larger body of water or
mountains
29. A row is a street with a continuous line of close together houses on one or both
sides, usually serving a specific function like a frat
30. A beltway is a highway surrounding an urban area
31. A quay is a concrete platform running along water
32. A crossing is where two roads meet
33. An alley is a narrow path or road between buildings, sometimes connects streets,
not always driveable
34. A point usually dead ends at a hill
35. A pike usually a toll road
36. An esplanade is a long open, level area, usually a walking path near the ocean or
major river
37. A square is an open area where multiple streets meet, guess how its usually
shaped.
38. A landing is usually near a dock or port, historically where boats drop goods.
39. A walk is an historically a walking path or sidewalk, probably became a road later
in its history
40. A grove is a path thickly sheltered by trees
41. A copse is a small grove
42. A driveway is almost always private, short, leading to a single residence or a few
related ones
43. A laneway is uncommon, usually down a country road, itself a public road leading
to multiple private driveways.
44. A trace is a beaten path
45. A circle usually circles around an area, but sometimes is like a "square", an open
place intersected by multiple roads.
46. A park originally meaning an enclosed space, came to refer to an enclosed area
of nature in a city, usually a well decorated road.
47. A spur is similar to a byway, a smaller road branching off from a major road.
48. A bypass passes around a populated area to divert traffic
roundabout or traffic circle, circle around a traffic island with multiple connecting
routes, a roundabout is usually smaller, with less room for crossing and passing,
and safer
49. A wynd is a narrow lane between houses, similar to an alley, more common in
UK
50. A drive is a shortened form of driveway, not a driveway itself, usually in a
neighborhood, connects several houses
51. A terrace more common in UK, a row of houses but means differently in our
country.