Indian Journal of Agronomy 53(3): 217__223 (September 2008

)

Manipulation of agronomic practices for tuber-size distribution in potato
(Solanum tuberosum) seed crop
V.K. DUA1* , R.C. JAISWAL2, S.C. KHURANA3, DHRUV KUMAR4, D.N. NANDEKAR5, MANOJ RAGHAV6, SANJAY RAWAL4,
G.V. SASANI7, S.P. TREHAN8, S.K. TRIVEDI9, M.K. JATAV1, S.S. LAL1, K.C. THAKUR, S.K. PANDEY1 AND P.S. NAIK

All India Co-ordinated Research Project on Potato, Central Potato Research Institute, Shimla,
Himachal Pradesh 171 001
Received: November 2007

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ABSTRACT
To improve the production of seed-size tubers in potato (Solanum tuberosum L), 31 experiments were conducted during 1999-2003 at nine centres, situated in different agro-climatic regions of the country. Two levels each
of planting spacing (60 x 15 and 60 x 10 cm), fertilizer doses (100+35+66 and 150+52+66 kg of N+P+K/ha respectively) and dates of haulm cutting (70 and 80 days after planting) were imposed on popular potato cultivars of the
regions. Mean results over the locations indicated that although the yield of seed-size tuber at closer spacing (13.9
t/ha) increased by a 15.7% compared with that at wider spacing, it could not compensate for the improved seed
rate of 2.22 to 2.67 t/ha. An increase in fertiliser level gave 1.6 t/ha more total tuber yield (25.3 t/ha), out of which
0.7 t/ha was in seed-size grade delay in haulm cutting from 70 to 80 days after planting potato improved the total
tuber yield by 4.8 t/ha (21.6%), out of which 1.1 t/ha was in seed-size. Economics of potato cultivation for production of seed size tubers also favoured planting at wider spacing (60 x 15 cm), with higher fertiliser rate (150+52+66
kg of N+P+K/ha) and dehaulming at 80 days after planting.

Key words: Fertilizer dose, Haulm cutting, Potato, Seed, Spacing

Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) has long been recognized as a major food crop of the world. The cost of potato
cultivation is considerably higher than of other major food
crops like wheat, rice and maize. Seed alone accounts for
approximately 50% of the total cost of cultivation (Singh
et al., 2000). The low rate of multiplication (5-10 times depending upon cultivar, agro-climatic conditions and crop
management), high seed rate (3 to 4 t/ha) and progressive
accumulation of degenerative viruses are responsible for
inadequate availability of quality seed in potato. Moreover, use of small seed tubers leads to low productivity,
whereas big seed tubers increase the cost of cultivation.
Cutting of big tubers for planting is also not advisable as
it spreads diseases, and leads to low emergence due to infection in cut tubers. India presently produces 2,000 t
breeders’ seed of potato annually (Pandey et al., 2007).
Considering that it is multiplied three times with a multiplication rate of 8 before it is supplied to the farmers as
*Corresponding author (Email: vkdua65@yahoo.co.in)

certified seed, the total availability of potato seed stands to
1.0 million t compared with a demand of 4.2 million t per
annum (Singh, 2003). To bridge this gap of demand and
supply, optimum production of seed-size tubers at farmer’s
level is important in order to increase the potato productivity, because the farmer can further use the certified seed
for 3-4 seasons. Yield-attributing characters of potato, i.e.
number and size of tubers, are governed by several factors,
out of which, spacing, fertilization rate and date of haulm
cutting are important for seed-tuber production. However,
information on the combined effect of these factors on
seed-tuber production for different potato-growing regions
of the country is not available. Keeping this in view, a
multi-location experiment was conducted in the major
potato-growing states of India to improve the production
of seed-size tubers through agronomic manipulation.
MATERIALS AND METHODS

The experiments were conducted at nine centres lo-

Present address: 1Central Potato Research Institute, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh 171 001; 2AICRP (Potato), NDUAT, Kumarganj, Faizabad,
Uttar Pradesh 224 229; 3AICRP (Potato), CCS HAU, Hisar, Haryana 125 004; 4Central Potato Research Institute Campus Modipuram, Uttar
Pradesh 250 110; 5AICRP (Potato), Regional Agric. Research Station, JNKVV, Chhindwara, Madhya Pradesh 480 001; 6AICRP (Potato),
GBPUAT, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand 263 145; 7 AICRP (Potato), Potato Research Station, SKDAU, Deesa, Gujarat 385 535; 8Central Potato
Research Station, Jalandhar, Punjab 143 003; 9AICRP (Potato), Agricultural Research Station, MPUAT, Kota, Rajasthan 324 001

53. At all the locations the crop was planted at optimum date of planting during rabi (winter) season and raised following standard package of practices. Fertility level An increase in fertility level increased the total tuber yield at all the locations (Table 1). the initial available P content was high. It was observed that net improvement in total as well as seed size tuber yield under closer spacing was not significant when the additional quantity of seed tubers used was subtracted from produce (seed size or total tuber yield).101 on dated 7-Sep-2016 www.000/t. except at Chhindwara and Pantnagar where only three replications were used. at these locations. (2003).000/t and of N. Thus.). even after adjusting for the additional number of seed tubers used for raising the crop.171. the increased fertility level failed to show any impact on the number and yield of seed-size tubers. 70 and 80 days after planting. However. the total and seed-size tuber yields at these locations were significantly higher in the means data of all the years. The highest increase (3. (2001) also attributed decreased availability of assimilates for individual tubers to increased planting density. which results into restricted growth of the tubers.P. Data were analysed by pooling over the years for each location. thereby increasing number and yield of seed size tubers. No. at later stages the competition for space increases and the availability of photosynthates for tuber [Vol. viz. and on seed size-tuber yield during 2001-2002 at Faizabad was not significant (Table 2). experiments were conducted during 1999-2003.05 t/ha) at Pantnagar. hence the total tuber yield responded significantly to increased rate of fertilizer application. The increase in yield of seed-size tuber was also significant under increased fertility at these locations reflecting that under the higher fertility level the bulking of small-size tubers to seed grade was more than that of seed-size tubers to large size.64 t/ha). viz. For working out the cost of cultivation.22 t at other locations. 2003).101. and the remaining N was given at the time of earthing-up. fertilizer dose. However. The total tuber yield at these locations also remained non-significant. using popular potato cultivars of the respective regions. Kumar et al.79 t/ha) was recorded at Faizabad and the lowest (0. Tuberization takes place during early growth of potato plant. accounting for >50% of the total cost.555 extra seed tubers/ha weighing 2. The treatments consisted of two levels each of planting spacing. 63. P and K as Rs 48. The increase in total tuber yield varied from 0. except at Pantnagar and Kota (Table 1). cated in different agro-climatic regions of the country. The number of replications was four in the experiment at all the locations. perhaps due to effect of fertility level on seed-size tuber yield non-significant. Closer planting required 66. The selling price of seed-size tubers was taken as Rs 7.com Members Copy. Downloaded From IP . Not for Commercial Sale 218 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION Spacing Closer plant spacing resulted in significantly higher yields of total as well as seed-size tuber compared with wider spacing at all the locations. although the total tuber yield in- . at any of the location. 3 growth decreases. use of additional quantity of seed in closer spacing was also considered since the seed is the costliest input in potato production.IndianJournals. Deesa (Gujarat). at Modipuram (U.95/kg respectively. 100+35+66 and 150+52+66 N+P+K (Kg/ha) respectively.61. cost of seed tubers was taken as Rs 8.) during 2002-2003 and at Jalandhar (Punjab) during 19992002.000/t and of other grades (total–seed size) as Rs 4. Pantnagar. viz. whereas the maximum increase in seed-size tuber yield was recorded at Deesa (3. At Deesa.93 and 8. Significant increase in total yield of seed-size tuber due to improved fertility was observed at Chhindwara. Seed tubers of 40 g size were used in planting potato. hence the yield of total as well as seed-size tubers improved significantly. Hisar and Jalandhar. The number of seed size tubers showed a significant improvement at Deesa and Hisar only in closely-spaced crop. However.P. The results are in agreement with the findings of Suman et al. At Chhindwara (M. Faizabad and Patna.30 t/ha at Kota to 4. since the increase in seed size tuber yield at these locations did not match the increase in number of seed size tuber.667 extra seed tubers/ha weighing 2. However. At this stage it is not much affected by competition caused due to closer spacing. at Pantnagar (Uttarakhand) and Kota (Rajasthan) during 1999-2001. Faizabad (U. Application of P increases the number and yield of seed-size tubers (Sud and Sharma. 60 x 15 and 60 x 10 cm. and date of haulm cutting. The initial fertility status in terms of available N and P was low to medium at these locations. it looses its significance as the seed is sold on weight basis and not on number basis. The data were recorded on the number and yield of total and seed size tubers. At Modipuram. Although the effect of spacing on total tuber yield during 2001-2002 and on seed-size tuber yield during 1999-2000 and 2000-2001 at Chhindwara. Kota.P. leading to the production of large proportion of seed-size tubers. Full doses of P and K along with two-third dose of N were applied at planting. Hisar (Haryana) and Patna (Bihar).67 t at Deesa and 55. while comparing the effect of spacing on tuber yield.DUA ET AL.). planting spacings at Deesa were 50 x 15 cm and 50 x 10 cm. Data were analysed in factorial randomised block design.04 t/ha at Hisar. whereas the fertility levels were 110+24+91 and 165+36+137 N+P+K (Kg/ha) at Deesa and 150+35+66 and 150+52+66 N+P+K Kg/ha at Jalandhar.

46 0.90 0.7 488.55 22.20 10.7 466.74 NS 0.81 17.05) 0.60 29.75 0.44 16.95 0.18 21.53 0.19 24.21 1.02 23.46 26.92 1.05) *DAP= Days after planting NS 8.5 15.49 1.62 19.41 15.96 NS 24.33 NS 17.34 30.67 0.11 25.4 NS .3 3.16 0.1 490.57 Row spacing (cm) 60 x 15 60 x 10 Mean SEm± CD (P=0.52 24.7 5.86 13.9 17.49 299.58 0.9 215.68 18.02 0.55 16.96 NS NS 0.32 552.4 8.4 18.03 30.5 10.54 30.05) 17.89 245.91 23.42 25.9 NS Hisar 7.3 9.38 215.42 8.62 17.6 6. Yield (t/ha) (x 103/ha) Total yield (t/ha) Chhindwara Deesa Seed size No.8 16.92 0.6 486.87 450.9 16.74 373.62 Date of haulm cutting (DAP*) 70 80 CD (P=0.17 NS 23.53 28.0 7.07 13.26 0.6 564.15 0.12 14.86 26.23 0.6 8.06 16.84 289.89 NS Modipuram 1.05) 17.77 18.98 13.53 7.2 292.6 22.99 467.21 7.11 21.05) 0.81 15.31 0.29 0.46 27.1 211.29 0.67 NS 253.69 32. Effect of treatments on total tuber yield and number and yield of seed-size (10-40 g) tubers at different locations Treatment Total yield (t/ha) Seed size No.95 8.62 199.71 25.101 on dated 7-Sep-2016 www.37 18.7 304.4 Jalandhar 14.05) 17.22 30.76 408.01 0.67 30.4 14.58 NS 22.5 494.26 7.13 13.47 0.64 484.43 25.74 10.95 CD (P=0.90 16.95 270.68 501.8 530.50 1.66 27.45 1.8 NS Patna 15.4 562.6 505.0 541.36 28.05) 80 Members Copy.60 8.3 505.62 201.6 0.87 24.7 420.68 Fertiliser level (N+P+K kg/ha) 100+35+66 150+52+66 SEm± CD (P=0.1 NS 15.74 264.5 23.0 9.47 0.34 20.92 26.0 14.8 472.6 12.87 7.4 14.02 1.7 16.05) Date of haulm cutting (DAP*) 70 80 SEm± CD (P=0.22 0.32 486.12 24.09 0.7 7.91 26.54 0.83 NS Date of haulm cutting (DAP*) 70 19.91 24.22 16.20 9.32 0.85 419.15 1.7 15.0 27.40 194.40 0.60 23.84 14.22 0.17 NS 471.88 150+52+66 18.96 259.5 520.September 2008] AGRONOMIC PRACTICES FOR PRODUCTION OF SEED-SIZE POTATO TUBER 219 Table 1.9 14.11 23.171.5 284.20 15.6 11.45 25.24 NS 229.77 NS 25.4 238.4 7.32 0.4 509.55 0.89 418.30 406.61.9 6.71 15. Yield (x 103/ha) (t/ha) Pantnagar 20.5 312.40 1.54 15.7 10.27 22.com Total yield (t/ha) Row spacing (cm) 60 x 15 60 x 10 Mean SEm± CD (P=0.11 31.4 6.19 17.53 0.02 17.27 0.74 16.24 0.5 597.0 10.7 0.21 22.4 509.31 19.45 23.23 47.9 14.7 433.7 268.80 24.66 10.5 264.72 NS NS 17.00 22.7 205.27 21.63 12.49 NS Fertiliser level (N+P+K kg/ha) 100+35+66 150+52+66 CD (P=0. Not for Commercial Sale Seed size No.19 0.2 14.IndianJournals.35 0.02 NS 10.8 257.92 0.6 285.05) 20.101.86 0.74 277.6 208.54 269.38 20.46 13.4 14.3 261.74 13.85 11.5 420. Yield (x 103/ha) (t/ha) Fertiliser level ( N+P+K kg/ha) 100+35+66 16.9 Faizabad 1.07 17.74 22.36 20.44 CD (P=0.13 14.2 12.8 12.0 5.87 439.36 1.4 13.48 23.49 28.06 16.0 Kota NS Row spacing (cm) 60 x 15 60 x 10 Mean SEm± CD (P=0.87 435.45 14.61 479.11 29.32 563.57 0.68 0.20 NS Downloaded From IP .40 1.32 25.76 NS 0.74 17.87 15.27 0.

25 13.47 13.21 1.40 17. [Vol.58 21.55 0.25 0.74 0.52 0.98 15.73 9.10 23.58 1.220 DUA ET AL.51 18.01 NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS 19. 53.29 0.72 11.09 11.24 0.39 1.80 14.44 29.33 0.65 21.71 2.14 0.00 32. .71 30.16 9.15 14.63 33.81 12.05) Row spacing (cm) 60 x 15 60 x 10 SEm± CD (P=0.89 21.IndianJournals.50 9.88 21.75 14. Not for Commercial Sale Fertiliser level (N+P+K kg/ha) 100+35+66 150+52+66 SEm± CD (P=0.90 31.33 22.54 25.19 1.61 19.32 29.41 NS 18.17 0.70 11.02 creased significantly under the higher fertility level.61 1.37 11.32 0.32 9.16 1.05) Date of haulm cutting (DAP*) 70 80 SEm± CD (P=0.17 0.16 0.43 34.88 0.33 0.29 0.07 12.32 9.06 22.71 10.28 9.66 NS 20.58 23.05 0.45 23.76 2.97 11.64 9.10 8.50 9.11 0.50 19.61.79 0.37 20.50 15.06 21.02 0.59 0.72 39.03 13.28 15.53 24.05) 19.20 1.10 0.47 NS 12.43 2.14 33.43 20.49 21.25 Faizabad NS 1.05) Downloaded From IP .20 11.20 1.07 14.30 20.101.85 29.43 30.04 14.21 24.02 8.70 14.11 22.49 1.89 NS 0.08 17.16 1.89 22.16 0.54 15.37 16.21 11.34 20.05) Date of haulm cutting (DAP*) 70 80 SEm± CD (P=0.90 11.21 0.94 11.72 Deesa NS NS 0.99 0.24 0.97 0.07 12.34 23.51 11.93 0.39 1.32 0.16 31.74 0.50 19.63 1.75 0. Deesa and Faizabad during different years Treatment 1999-00 Total yield (t/ha) 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 1999-00 Seed size-tuber yield (t/ha) 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 Chhindwara Row spacing (cm) 60 x 15 60 x 10 SEm± CD(P=0.35 11.45 0.63 36.69 0.80 0.74 7.06 36.28 0.25 NS 8.66 12.50 21.57 15.38 8.10 1.54 1.82 NS 0.05) Date of haulm cutting (DAP*) 70 80 SEm± CD (P=0. Effect of treatments on total yield and seed-size (10-40 g) tuber yield at Chhindwara. 3 Table 2.73 25. No.50 20.29 1.04 16.28 0.02 12.25 9.59 24.25 23.28 14.59 37. which showed a significant decrease.64 19.29 16.76 20.54 30.76 2. This indicates that the seed tubers bulked to larger size.05 19.41 1.63 1.12 22.53 1. hence the total tuber yield increased at the expense of seed-size tuber yield with increased fertility.23 17.05) Fertiliser level (N+P+K kg/ha) 100+35+66 150+52+66 SEm± CD (P=0.05) Fertiliser level (N+P+K kg/ha) 100+35+66 150+52+66 SEm± CD (P=0.33 0.60 18.60 0.171.95 11.99 19.02 11.31 13.05) Row spacing (cm) 60 x 15 60 x 10 SEm± CD (P=0.60 2.86 32.33 35.16 31.11 0.23 1.66 31.54 12.40 8.50 1.12 18.93 0.99 13.89 14.54 21.89 1.35 1.59 7.88 27.34 12.30 NS 12. the same could not be translated in seed-size tuber yield.47 20.45 11.67 14.79 12.68 27.88 12.27 29.60 18.18 0.58 19.92 0.101 on dated 7-Sep-2016 www.72 0.59 19.35 24.25 0.77 31.39 20.66 17.08 0.24 0.79 0.88 0.72 15.91 14.12 33.98 31.com Members Copy.

11 20. Pantnagar. (2002) also reported increase in total tuber yield due to delay in dehaulming. However. Interaction effect of haulm cutting and fertility on total yield and seed size (10–40 g) tuber yield at Deesa Date of haulm cutting Fertiliser level (N+P+K kg/ha) 70 80 Total yield (t/ha) 100+35+66 150+52+66 SEm± CD (P=0.92 28.28 0. Interaction effects Total tuber yield at Faizabad and Kota and the yield of seed-size tuber at Faizabad were not affected due to spacing at lower fertility levels (Table 3)..com Members Copy. Hence the cessation of bulking was dependent entirely on the date of haulm cutting.77 Table 4. the yield of seed-size tuber either increased significantly or remained unchanged due to delay in haulm cutting.3%) in the yield of seed-size tuber.31 1. a delay in haulm cutting increased the duration of bulking by 10 days which resulted in significantly higher total tuber yield at all the locations.101.101 on dated 7-Sep-2016 www. indicating that the delay in haulm-cutting (a non-monetary input) is beneficial for the overall productivity of the system.30 12.41 16.1%) was observed at Hisar and the minimum (6.44 0.84 14. Kota and Hisar the increase in their yield was non-significant despite significant increase in total tuber yield.33%) at Kota.171. Faizabad and Patna. at Chhindwara. Therefore.87 Kota 60 x 10 cm 60 x 15 cm Seed-size tuber yield (t/ha) 13. Significant increase in total tuber yield was also reflected in significant increase in the yield of seed-size tuber due to delay in haulm cutting at Deesa. this decrease of 0.AGRONOMIC PRACTICES FOR PRODUCTION OF SEED-SIZE POTATO TUBER Haulm cutting Delay in haulm cutting by 10 days (from 70 to 80 days after planting) recorded significant increase in total tuber yield at all the locations (Table 1).28 15.0 t/ha increase in total tuber yield. The highest increase (45. The increase in total tuber yield due to delay in date of haulm cutting may be attributed to the fact that all the varieties used at different locations had a maturity period of >90 days (Pandey et al. (2001) also reported increase in their tuber yield with delay in haulm cutting up to or beyond 80 days.25 0. the increase in the yield of seedsize tuber was significant due to this factor only at in- Downloaded From IP .61.10 0. The initial available N and P contents of the soil at these locations were low to medium. Kumar et al. (2002) and Patel et al.07 0. Although the effect of haulm-cutting date on the yield of seed-size tuber was not consistent in different years at Deesa (Table 2). these parameters increased significantly at closer spacing when the fertility level was increased.23 0.13 19.55 . the increase in their yield due to delayed haulm cutting was found significant in the mean of different years.38 15. resulting in higher yield of total tubers without increase in that of seed-size tuber. This shows that at low fertilizer-application rate.51 1. The interaction effect of the date of haulm cutting and fertility level was significant on total yield and seed-size tuber yield at Deesa (Table 4). indicating that with delay in haulm cutting the bulking of seed size tubers to big size was greater than that of small-size tubers to seed size. The increase in total tuber yield also significantly increased the yield of seed-size tuber.43 70 80 Seed size yield (t/ha) 13. the competition for nutrients was present even in widely spaced crop.84 14.36 18. At 221 Modipuram.IndianJournals. Kumar et al.25 29.31 25.05) 60 x 10 cm Faizabad 60 x 15 cm Total yield (t/ha) 26. which became less or absent at higher fertility level even for closely spaced crop.47 0.58 17. Although the total tuber yield increased significantly due to delay in haulm cutting at both the fertility levels. Interaction effect of spacing and fertility on total yield and seed size (10–40 g) tuber yield at Faizabad and Kota Fertiliser level (N+P+K kg/ha) 60 x 15 cm 100+35+66 150+52+66 SEm± CD (P=0. 2006) and the tuber bulking continues till maturity.13 30.74 31.45 1.35 t/ha in seed-tuber yield was well compensated with 3.81 60 x 10 cm Total yield (t/ha) 17. the delay in haulm-cutting date recorded a non-significant decrease (2. along with significant increase in total tuber yield at all the locations. It indicates that there was a uniform shifting of tubers of different grades to the higher grades with delay in haulm cutting at Modipuram. However. Not for Commercial Sale September 2008] Table 3. In general.05) 21. However.

but remained non-significant when haulm cutting was delayed by 10 days.5 53.33 1.29 27. 53.67 2.8 1.4 41.5 82.09 65. Interaction effect of spacing and haulm cutting on total yield and seed size (10–40 g) tuber yield at Chhindwara.7 53.6 1.01 1.25 1.2 1.1 1.31 2.0 68.3 42.51 1.4 80.8 28.8 75.com Members Copy.5 1.69 Seed-size tuber yield (t/ha) 12.7 Pantnagar 88.46 Date of haulm cutting (DAP*) 70 80 68.8 69.9 98.0 68.73 Total yield (t/ha) 17.7 2.0 31.1 2.51 1.8 66.20 2.32 7.8 102.1 49.7 Faizabad 2.0 68.8 66.5 77.9 33. Deesa and Kota Location Date of haulm cutting (DAP*) Downloaded From IP .05 2.6 100.0 2.3 22.84 Table 6.2 Chhindwara 52. creased fertility. Economics (x103 Rs/ha) of seed potato production Location Cost of cultivation Net returns B:C ratio Cost of cultivation Net returns B:C ratio Cost of cultivation Net returns B:C ratio Row spacing (cm) 60 x 15 60 x 10 59.76 19.9 75.43 Total yield (t/ha) 20.02 57. 3 Deesa compared with other combinations.23 66.30 1.9 75.2 Jalandhar 2.65 1.02 0.68 7.9 75.7 72.3 68.5 70.78 16.4 Patna 2.0 1.14 Fertiliser level (N+P+K kg/ha) 100+35+66 150+52+66 66.3 69.3 Hisar 1.3 69.4 85.7 97.74 6.47 Date of haulm cutting (DAP*) 70 80 68.42 65.57 21.72 2.4 64.89 1. At Chhindwara the total yield and seed size-tuber yield increased significantly at closer spacing when haulms were cut at 70 days.03 66.24 Fertiliser level (N+P+K kg/ha) 100+35+66 150+52+66 66. No.2 57.7 76.8 74.5 70.53 1.1 20.51 71. This indicates that the increase in total tuber yield was not proportionate in different grades.9 2.4 1.61.61 0.59 10.8 69.82 1.26 2.6 29.222 DUA ET AL.62 1.53 1.171.86 68.5 82.65 31.52 2.04 2.20 Date of haulm cutting (DAP*) 70 80 68.94 12.1 1.3 2.101.82 1.9 64.7 96.3 68.73 65.5 81.4 77.94 69.23 1.11 17.56 Row spacing (cm) 60 x 15 60 x 10 59.3 91.4 94.2 34.73 72.24 0.0 43.45 0.18 Seed-size tuber yield (t/ha) 7.37 0.07 21.81 0.8 2.42 Row spacing (cm) 60 x 15 60 x 10 59.34 21.3 62.1 Deesa 62. Not for Commercial Sale 70 80 SEm± CD (P=0.5 57.101 on dated 7-Sep-2016 www.26 2.9 2.8 Modipuram 1.3 16.87 10. showing that the competition for space was minimal and tubers bulked up to 80 days.0 2.0 74.71 60.4 78.41 66.2 77.8 81.4 77.8 70.8 91.29 13.6 64. Economics The economics in general was in favour of wider spac- Table 5.0 53.96 17.1 60.64 Kota spacing (cm) 60 × 15 60 × 10 60 × 15 60 × 10 60 × 15 60 × 10 60 × 15 60 × 10 Seed-size tuber yield (t/ha) 9.05 0.1 110.8 78.05) Chhindwara Deesa 60 × 15 60 × 10 60 × 15 60 × 10 Total yield (t/ha) 18.1 68.73 1.0 21.5 38.2 103.97 23. indicating that the beneficial effect was negated by the delay (Table 5).7 75.9 2.22 57.31 2.5 Kota 1.9 35.1 1.6 82.58 .28 0.IndianJournals.68 57.49 63.58 1.76 78.9 1.8 66. The results were same at Kota for total tuber yield.44 2.57 0.17 2. Closer spacing along with delayed haulm cutting produced significantly higher yield of total and seed-size tubers at [Vol.78 80.32 1.99 Fertiliser level (N+P+K kg/ha) 100+35+66 150+52+66 66.80 10. but the effect of interaction between spacing and haulm cutting was not consistent on the yield of seed-size tubers.4 68.57 69.2 82.7 2.88 1.6 1.2 81.1 104.3 43.

Paul Khurana. 2006. S. Himchal Pradesh. 2003. Haryana Journal of Horticultural Sciences 31(3/4): 259–261. 78. J.H. S. Himchal Pradesh.C.P.784/ha more at other locations. V. Yield performance and adaptability of different potato cultivars in Gujarat.IndianJournals.913/ha) and Modipuram (Rs 2. 2000. (Eds).K. (Eds.512/ha at other locations. whereas the lowest was at Kota (Rs 5. and Pandey. Kanbi.K. It may be concluded that seed tubers should be planted at 60 x 15 cm with higher doses of fertilizers (150 kg N + 52 kg P + 66 kg K/ha) and haulm cutting should be done at 80 days after planting for obtaining higher productivity and profitability from seed-potato crop...K. Date of haulm cutting is a non-monetary input.K.. and Pandey.510/ha). Singh. Kumar. Kota (Rs 7.K. and at Hisar where the improvement was substantial (21. Kumar.336/ha more at Deesa and Rs 17. Not for Commercial Sale September 2008] 223 crease of Rs 41.M. Patel.93 t/ha) and lowest (1.S. and Nehra. .K.). 2002. CPRI Technical Bulletin No. The highest in- Downloaded From IP . Although the gross returns were higher with closer spacing at all the locations. Minhas.04 t/ha) due to closer spacing... New Delhi..C. However. because the increase in gross returns was not in proportion to the cost of cultivation under closer spacing.S.S. Minhas.S. spacing and crop duration on growth and yield of potato.65 t/ha in total tuber yield and 0. Pandey.. India. Hence a slight increase of 0. Journal of the Indian Potato Association 30(1/2): 87–88. N.M. Malik. S.K. pp. and Rawal.61. at Jalandhar.101. farmyard manure and dehaulming on production of seed-sized tubers of potato (Solanum tuberosum). N.S. Mehta Publishers. V. pp. Catalogue of Indian Potato Cultivars. Bhatia. Paul Khurana. 2007. The increase in net return under higher fertility at Chhindwara (Rs 10.K. Malik.932/ha) due to significant decrease in the yield of seed-size tuber. K. Shimla. B. Since the total tuber yield increased significantly along with increase in the yield of seed-size tuber at all the locations except Modipuram.918/ha). S. An increase in fertilization increased the cost of cultivation by Rs 3.113/ha at Jalandhar and Rs 3. S. Central Potato Research Institute. S. Y. which in turn was dependent upon tuber yield. Y. D. Central Potato Research Institute.V. Garg . which was Rs 21. the gross as well as net returns also increased with delay in haulm cutting by 10 days. Effect of spacing. Shah. A. Potato Statistics: India and World.101 on dated 7-Sep-2016 www. R. The respective increase in total tuber yield were also the highest (8. Shimla.1 t/ha) at these locations due to delay in haulm cutting. 347–355. Sarjeet.AGRONOMIC PRACTICES FOR PRODUCTION OF SEED-SIZE POTATO TUBER ing. Increase in net returns at Hisar was on account of highest increase in total tuber yield (4. Patel. 136-147. and Singh S. Faizabad (Rs 19.. Journal of the Indian Potato Association 29(1/2): 51–54. and Sharma. In: The Potato: Production and Utilization in SubTropics. and Khurana. V. Seed Potato Production Manual.com Members Copy.058/ha) and Patna (Rs 6.H. only P dose was increased whereas the doses of N and K remained the same under higher fertility level. Himchal Pradesh. New Delhi. 2003. 2003. and Pandey. Chandran. the net returns did not improve except at Hisar and Modipuram (Table 6). 2002. S. Shimla.118/ha) was due to significant increase in total yield as well as seed-size tuber yield..048/ha). Kumar. C. hence the cost of cultivation was not affected and any change in net returns was solely dependent upon gross return. S.171. Upadhyay. Pandit. S. 81. As a result the increase in cost of cultivation was marginal.55 t/ ha in the yielf of seed-size tuber translated into Rs 3. A. Sarjeet. Singh. Singh. Sud. Rs 1.P. Mehta Publishers.C. and Pandey. K.M. C.1%) over wider spacing. Shiv and Shekhawat G.. The net returns declined with increase in fertilizer rate at Deesa (Rs 3.. N.150/ha was recorded at Deesa. P.5%).K. Jai.N. Suman. Potato Propagation: Nucleus and Breeder Seed. Sharma. Central Potato Research Institute. Khurana.823/ha at Deesa. Positive net returns due to closer spacing were recorded at Modipuram where it improved marginally (1. The beneficial effect of increased gross return on net return was negated due to increased cost of cultivation under closer spacing. Gopal..S. Benefit : cost ratio declined at all the locations under closer spacing. J. Major and secondary nutrients. Veer. 122 pp. S. 2001. ‘Kufri Sutlej’. Pandey. CPRI Technical Bulletin No. Effect of fertilizer. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 71(10): 658–660. R. In: The Potato: Production and Utilization in Sub-Tropics. REFERENCES Kumar. 91 pp. Narendra. 50 pp. The decrease in net return due to closer spacing ranged from Rs 136/ha at Deesa to Rs 17.394/ha at Kota. Effect of nitrogen and crop duration on bulking behaviour of potato cv. R.137/ ha higher net returns.