&

Chapter
2, MM F5

GRAPH OF FUNCTIONS

Graph of Functions
1. A function is a relationship that expresses a variable in terms of one
or more variables. For example, m=6 n , y=2 x +4 etc ..
2. We can represent a function by a line (straight or curved) on a
coordinate plane.
3. Examples of graphs of functions:
a) A linear function – It is represented by a straight line
graph.
( y=mx +c )

b) A quadratic function – It is represented by a curve
(parabola shape).
2
( y=a x +bx +c )

c) A cubic function – It is represented by a curve (cubic
graph).
3
2
( y=a x +b x +cx +d )

d) A reciprocal function – It is represented by a curve
(hyperbola shape).
a
( y= )
x

e) An exponential function – It is represented by a curve.
x
( y=k )

Madam Nana, MJSC Kuala Klawang.

1

Ans: III. II and III given above represents the function y=−4 x2 +2 ? Give your reason. 2 . y=−4 ( 0 )2 +2=2 . 4) Each of the following graphs can be represented by the function y=x p +q . Madam Nana. MJSC Kuala Klawang.& Chapter 2. Ans: a) Quadratic b) Reciprocal c) Cubic 3) Which of the graphs I. Determine the values of p and q for each graph. II and III given above is the correct graph for each of the following functions? 3 2 a) y=a x b) y=ax c) y=ax+b Ans: a) III b) I c) II 2) Identify the type of function for each of the following graphs. MM F5 GRAPH OF FUNCTIONS !Test Yourself! 1) Which of the graphs I. When x=0 .

Example 1: y=2 x−4 Draw a graph of the function −2 ≤ x ≤ 3 . Madam Nana. Step 4: Draw the graph (the line must pass through every point). for x −2 −1 0 1 2 3 y −8 −6 −4 −2 0 2 Example 2: y=x 2−6 x +5 Draw a graph of the function for 0 ≤ x ≤6 . Step 5: Label the graph. Step 2: Choose suitable scales for the x−axis and y−axis . 3 .& Chapter 2. Step 3: Plot the points. MJSC Kuala Klawang. MM F5 GRAPH OF FUNCTIONS 4. Steps on drawing a graph of function: Step 1: Construct a table of values. x 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 y 5 0 −3 −4 −3 0 5 Example 3: Draw a graph of the function 3 y=x −10 for −2 ≤ x ≤ 3 . x −2 −1 0 1 2 3 y −1 8 −11 −10 −9 −2 17 Example 4: Draw a graph of the function y= 1 x for −4 ≤ x ≤ 4 .

03 0. Example 6: y From the graph below. a) Complete the table below for the function x −1 0 1 y 8 3 0 2 -1 3 4 0 5 8 3 b) Using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on both axes.4 ) (Ans: x=−0.25 Example 5: Draw a graph of the function y=2 x −5 ≤ x ≤ 5 . Value of x when x=3.33 −0.7.5 0 .06 0. x=4. MM F5 GRAPH OF FUNCTIONS x −4 −3 −2 −1 y −0. MJSC Kuala Klawang.5 −1 0 1 2 3 4 1 0.25 0.25 −0. state the value of y=2 →(3. find the i. 4 . for x −5 −4 −3 −2 −1 0 1 2 3 4 5 y 0. c) Using the graph.6 y=6 y=1.& Chapter 2.7 ) (Ans: Madam Nana. Value of y when ii.5 1 2 4 8 16 32 when x=3. draw the graph of 2 y=x −4 x+ 3 .33 0.2) Ans: Example 7: 2 y=x −4 x+ 3 .125 0.

MJSC Kuala Klawang.5 (Ans: d) Use your graph to solve the equation . x=4.7 Example 9: a) Complete the table below for the function y= 20 x . MM F5 GRAPH OF FUNCTIONS d) What are the coordinates of the lowest point on the graph? (Ans: (2.6 (Ans: y=−6. y=15−x ³=5 ∴ y =5 → x=2.8 ) 3 15−x =5 . y=19 ) x=2.9. 3 7 y -axis.& Chapter 2. 5 .−1) ) e) What is the equation of the line of symmetry? x=2 (Ans: ) f) Use your graph to solve the equation 2 x −4 x +3=7 . find the i.9 Example 8: y=15−x a) Complete the table below for the function x −2 −1 0 1 2 y 23 16 15 14 b) Using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on the units on the ii. Value of y when 3 y=15−x 3 . Ans: y=x 2−4 x+ 3=7 ∴ y =7 → x=−0. draw the graph of c) Using the graph. Value of x when Ans: −12 x -axis and 2 cm to 5 x=−1. Madam Nana.

5.& Chapter 2. MM F5 GRAPH OF FUNCTIONS x 1 2 4 y 20 10 5 y= b) Draw the graph of 20 x 5 8 20 2 1 2. MJSC Kuala Klawang.5 4 for 10 −20 ≤ x ≤ 20 .5 ) .33 1 3 for −2 ≤ x ≤ 2 b) Plot the graph of from 0 to y=3 x 2 9 (take the y -axis 10 ).−13. x 20 =2 x−10 x ∴ (−1. 2 x −10 .11 0. c) Use your graph to solve the equation 3 x =2 .(6.5. x −2 −1 0 1 y 0. 6 . c) On the same axes.3) Example 10: y=3 x a) Complete the table below for the function (values are rounded to 2 decimal places). draw the line with the equation x −5 0 5 10 y −20 −10 0 10 d) Use your graph to solve the equation Ans: y= 20 =2 x−10 . Ans: Madam Nana.

6 Madam Nana.& Chapter 2. MJSC Kuala Klawang. 7 . MM F5 GRAPH OF FUNCTIONS y=3 x =2 ∴ y =2→ x=0.