EAT 357/3

CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT
SEMESTER 1
2016/2017

LECTURE 2
7 SEPT 2016

INTRODUCTION

What is a “PROJECT” ?
Why project management?

WHAT IS PROJECT MANAGEMENT?

A temporary
endeavor
undertaken to
create a unique
product or service.
(Project
Management
Institute, PMI)

A project is a unique set
coordinated activates with
defined starting and
finishing point undertaken
by individual or
organizations to meet
specific objectives within
defined schedule, cost
and performance
parameter.
(Project Management
Association, PMA)

A project is a multitask job that has
performance, cost,
time, and scope
requirements and
that is done only
one time. (Jim
Lewis –
Fundamental
Project
Management)

PROJECT OBJECTIVES
Performance
Cost
Time

ATTRIBUTES OF A PROJECT
Has a welldefined
objective
Composed of
a series of
interdepende
nt tasks

Involves a
degree of
uncertainty

Attributes of
a Project

Utilizes
various
resources

Has a
customer

Has a
specific time
frame

PROJECT CONSTRAINT
Schedule
Customer
satisfaction

Cost

Scope

Project
Constraint

Quality

WHY PROJECT MANAGEMENT?
Because to
accomplish
specific
goal
Oooo…
.

Why we need
project
management
?

PROJECT MANAGEMENT PROCESS
The project management process means
planning the work and then working the
plan.

Planning the work

Working the plan

PROJECT MANAGEMENT OBJECTIVE
The objectives of project management are to
execute a project so that deliverables can meet
scope requirements on budget and schedule,
and at acceptable risk, quality, safety, and
security levels. The example maintenance
facility project is to deliver a five bay facility
that
meets
pre-determined
performance
specifications within the three year schedule.

PROJECT MANAGEMENT

PLUS

MINUS

Responsive to
client and
environment

Organizational
complexity

Fast problem
resolution

Policy
violations

Quick decision
making

Lower
personnel
utilization

PROJECT LIFE CYCLE

Project Life
Cycle

PROJECT LIFE CYCLE
Initiation

Planning

Execution

Close-out

• Propose
• Stategic Fit
• Objective
• Scope (Draft)
• Term of Reference
• Draft Schedule
• Budget Estimation

• Scope - Final
• Select team
• Plan Deliverables
• Quality Plan
• Baseline Schedule
• Baseline Budget
• Risk Register
• Issues Register
• Business Case
• Approval
• Communication
Plan

• Production of key
Deliverables
• Monitor & Control
• Quality
Management
• Time Management
• Cost Management
• Risk Management
• Issue Resolution
• Change Control
• Reporting
• Communications

• Celebrate
• Contract Closeout
• Team Feedback
• Recomendation
futher action
• Post
Implementation
Review

THE PROJECT LIFE CYCLE OF A CONSTRUCTED FACILITY

PROJECT LIFE CYCLE: TIME DISTRIBUTION OF PROJECT EFFORT

Conception
Selection
Planning, scheduling, monitoring, control
Evaluation and termination

TYPICAL PROJECT LIFE CYCLE: TRADITIONAL DESIGN/BID/BUILD

PROJECT MANAGEMENT PROCESS

PROJECT MANAGEMENT PROCESS

PROJECT MANAGEMENT PROCESS

PROJECT MANAGEMENT PROCESS

PROJECT MANAGEMENT METHODOLOGIES

PROJECT MANAGEMENT METHODOLOGIES - IN 1990S

Project
Management

• The basic principles of planning, scheduling,
and controlling work

Quality
Management

• The process of ensuring that the end result
will meet the quality expectations of the
customer

Concurrent
Engineering

• The process of performing work in parallel
rather than series in order to compress the
schedule without incurring serious risks

Change
Control
Risk
Management

• The process of controlling the configuration of
the end result such that value added is
provided to the customer
• The process of identifying, quantifying, and
responding to the risks of the project without
any material impact on the project’s
objectives

PROJECT MANAGEMENT METHODOLOGIES

THE CHARACTERISTICS OF A GOOD METHODOLOGY BASED
UPON INTEGRATED PROCESSES
A recommended level of detail
Use of templates

Easy for the customer to
understand and follow

Standardized planning,
scheduling, and cost control
techniques

Readily accepted and used
throughout the entire
company

Standardized reporting format
for both in-house and
customer use

Use of standardized life-cycle
phases (which can overlap)
and end of phase review.

Flexibility for application to all
projects

Based upon guidelines rather
than policies and procedures.

Flexibility for rapid
improvements

Based upon a good work
ethic.

TYPES OF CONSTRUCTION

Residential

Commercial and Institutional

TYPES OF CONSTRUCTION

Specialized Industrial

Infrastructure