Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering

Unit operation lab
Sem. I - Session 2015/2016

Exp 1: Crystallizer
Exp 2: Thin Film Evaporator
Exp 3: Short Path Distillation
Exp 4: Sieve Tray Distillation
Exp 5: Solid Liquid Extractor Unit
Exp 6: Absorption Column Unit
Exp 7: Pressure Swing Adsorption
Instructor: Dr. Fatmawati Adam (coordinator), Mr. Syaiful Nizam Hassan, Mdm
Zatul Iffah Mohd Arshad, Mdm Siti Kholijah Abdul Mudalip, Dr. Noor Sabrina
Ahmad Mutamim
Teaching Engineer: Hairul Hisham Ismail, Mohd. Hafiz Abd. Latib, Mohd Faried
Abdullah, Zainal Giman, Zulhabri Khadisah

Fatmawati Adam/ Jolius Gimbun

the lower the temperature required to effect evaporation. Repeat the experiment by increasing the heating thermostat up (Maximum 90°C). Cooling Water Supply 6. EQUIPMENT/APPARATUS/MATERIAL 1. Collect the product from both distillate and bottom product vessels B2 and B3. 60 stroke/min  heating thermostat T1: 60°C  vacuum controller PIC-1 : 400 mbar 4. heating and vacuum generation for continuous plant operation. Beakers 4. The lower the pressure. Measure the distillate and bottom product flow rates. Measuring Cylinder 8. Determine refractive index (RI) for each mixture using a refractometer. Repeat the experiment by reducing the vacuum pressure down (Range 750 – 350 mbar). thus lowering the chances of damaging the product.propanol mixture 2. Refractometer 5. Prepare 10L of ethanol-propanol mixture at a composition at composition 60:40 v/v. BP215 Thin Film Evaporator 2. Allow the unit to run for about 5-10 minutes to achieve steady state. 2. Stop watch 3. Prepare a set of mixtures containing ethanol and propanol within a specified range of composition between pure ethanol and pure propanol. To determine effect of heating temperature and vacuum pressure on the evaporation rate. 7. Obtain a sample from the feed liquid at valve V2 and analyze the sample to determine its actual initial composition. Return the vacuum pressure to default. To demonstrate the evaporation of ethanol . Perform the general start-up procedures with the following default settings:  metering pump P1 : 60% stroke. The unit is designed to evaporate materials in the pressure range of atmospheric down to 8 mbar. 9. INTRODUCTION The thin film evaporation unit is a complete evaporation system including feed input. The thin film evaporator adopts a rotating film system. Fatmawati Adam/ Jolius Gimbun . Ethanol 7. Analyze the collected liquid to determine its compositions 8. 5. Steady state is reached when the distillate temperature doesn’t change significantly over time. 3.EXPERIMENT 2: THIN FILM EVAPORATOR OBJECTIVE 1. Record the distillate temperature. 6. Propanol EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURES 1. where molecules are continuously evaporating from a film which is spread by a rotating wiper.

37895 B 1592.RESULTS Initial Feed Composition : P1 : 60% stroke. Fatmawati Adam/ Jolius Gimbun .74416 8. 60 stroke/min No Heating Temp.184 198.B/(C+T) Antoine Constant [Temperature in °C and Pressure in mmHg) Component Propanol Propanol A 8.438 TMin[°C] TMax[°C] 20 60 -15 93 106 98 Psat[mmHg] 1693.864 1437.832048 845.02 C 226. °C Vacuum Pressure mbar Distillate Bottom Product Temp °C Flow RI Composition rate mL/min Constant Temperature at 60°C (Setting at T1 = 75°C) 1 60 2 60 3 60 Flow rate mL/min RI Composition Constant Pressure at 500mbar 4 500 5 500 6 500 *Use Antoine Equation to determine the right temperature/pressure setting Log10P = A.5394222 **Temperature setting at T1 should be 15oC higher than calculated temperature due to heat loss.657321 828.463 227.1122 7.686 1788.

Fatmawati Adam/ Jolius Gimbun .

Fatmawati Adam/ Jolius Gimbun .