Power Electronics III Practical Manual 2016

Introduction
I.

This manual only covers Electronics Power Converters. Electronic Power Converter is
the term used to refer to a power Electronic circuit that converts voltage and current from
one form to another. These converters can be classified as:

Rectifier converting an ac to a dc.
Inverter converting a dc to an ac.

SECTION A
(Rectifiers)
Pre-Practical: I
Single Phase Uncontrolled Rectifiers
Single phase uncontrolled half-wave rectifier)
1.

Sketch a single phase half wave uncontrolled rectifier supplying power to load that consist
of 273Ω connected in series with an inductive of 700mH and capacitive of 10μF connected
in parallel with the RL series branch, and calculate the RMS, MEAN voltages and currents
across and through R, R-L series and RC parallel loads showing all the working for the
rectifier types given below.

1.1 Single phase half-wave Uncontrolled Rectifier
NB: The circuit should include all the measuring instruments required and the switch on
the Capacitor.
1

Use the answers in question 1 to fill in the table below in fig 1.

Value

Calculated values (half-wave)
R

R-L

R-C

Vrms
Irms
Vmean

1

50 Hz single phase power supply. only one live line will be used from the three phase power supply to make it a single phase power supply. blue or yellow cable to the next component which is our diode (rectifier). 2 .  R series branch with 273Ω  RC parallel branch with 10uF and 273Ω  RL series branch with 700mH and 273Ω  1x diode (silicon). Procedure: Since it is a single phase half-wave rectifier which is obtained by one live and a neutral.Imeans Fig1 (a) 1. connect a red. From one of the live lines that we have.1 Practical No : I The Single Phase Uncontrolled Rectifier Constructed diagram  Use the Photographic diagram above and construct it on working station and fill in the table in Fig 1b bellow : Components:  200 V. NB the wire you chose among red.  4x digital multimeter.

Construct the same circuit in question (1) on working station then fill in the Table bellow in fig 1(b) Value Measured values (half-wave) R R-L R-C Vrms Irms Vmean Imean Fig 1(b) 3 . but you will be using it with neutral (which is usually the black wire) to make a complete single phase circuit.yellow and blue for the first connection you must continue using it until you finish your connection since it is a single phase rectifier.2. Connect the wire of your choice from the diode to the first component of the load and then complete the connections as indicated on the circuit above. 1.

 4x digital multimeter Task 2. MEAN voltages and currents across and R. 4 . and calculate the RMS.2 Repeat all the above steps as per you did in practical 1for a full-wave bridge rectifier.3 Use the answers in question 2 to fill in the table below in fig 2a. Sketch a single phase full wave uncontrolled rectifier supplying power to load that consist of 273Ω connected in series with an inductive of 700mH and capacitive of 10μF connected in parallel with the RL series branch.1 Single phase full-waves Uncontrolled Rectifier 2. 50 Hz single phase power supply. R-L series and RC parallel loads showing all the working for the rectifier types given below. 2.Pre-Practical: II 2. Use the circuit diagram drawn on your Pre-practical and construct it on your working station Component list:  200 V.  R series branch with 273 Ω RC parallel branch with10uF and 273 Ω  RL series branch with 700mH and 273Ω  4x diode (silicon).

Calculated values R R-L R-C Vrms Irms Vmean Imean Fig : 2a 2: Practical No : II The Single Phase Full wave Uncontrolled Rectifier Constructed diagram  Use the Photographic diagram above and construct it on working station and fill in the table in Fig 2b below : 5 .

Components:  200 V.  R series branch with 273Ω  RC parallel branch with 10uF and 273Ω  RL series branch with 700mH and 273Ω  4x diode (silicon). connected a red. Procedure: Since it is a single phase full-wave uncontrolled rectifier which is obtained by one live and a neutral. blue or yellow cable to the next component which is our diode (rectifier). Connect the wire of your choice from the diode to the first component of the load and then complete the connections as indicated on the circuit above. NB the wire you chose among red. but you will be using it with neutral (which is usually the black wire) to make a complete single phase circuit. only one live line will be used from the three phase power supply to make it a single phase power supply. yellow and blue for the first connection you must continue using it until you finish your connection since it is a single phase rectifier. 50 Hz single phase power supply.  4x digital multimeter. From one of the live lines that we have. Value Measured values (half-wave) R R-L R-C Vrms Irms Vmean Imean Fig 2(b) 6 .

 R series branch with 273 Ω.  Half-wave controlled rectifier Components:  200 V. R-L series and RC parallel loads showing all the working for the rectifier types given below.PRE-PRACTICAL No: III Single phase half-wave controlled rectifier 3. sketch a single phase half wave controlled rectifier supplying power of 200V to a load that consist of 273Ω connected in series with an inductive of 700mH and capacitive of 10μF connected in parallel with the RL series branch.  RC parallel branch with 10uF and 273 Ω. 50 Hz single phase power supply. 3. and calculate the RMS. MEAN voltages and currents across and through R.  4x digital multimeter. Calculated values (half-wave) R-Load ° 0 ° 18 36 ° ° 54 162 ° 180 ° V rms V dc 7 . NB: The circuit should include all the measuring instruments required.  RL series branch with 700mH and 273 Ω.  1x thyristor.1 Use the answers in question 3 to fill in the table below.

I rms I dc R-LLoad ° ° ° 0 18 36 0° 18° 36° ° ° 54 162 54° 162° 180 ° V rms V dc I rms I dc R.CLoad 180° V rms V dc I rms I dc Fig: 3a 8 .

Procedure Since it is a single phase half-wave half controlled rectifier which is obtained by one live and a neutral. 50 Hz single phase power supply. but you will be using it with neutral (which is usually the black wire) to make a complete single phase circuit.  4x digital multimeter.  1x thyristor. From one of the live lines that we have.  R series branch with 273 Ω. 9 .  RC parallel branch with 10uF and 273 Ω. only one live line will be used from the three phase power supply to make it a single phase power supply.Practical No: III Single Phase Half Wave Controlled Rectifiers Constructed diagram  Use the Photographic diagram above and construct it on working station and fill in the tables in the figures bellow: Components:  200 V. yellow and blue for the first connection you must continue using it until you finish your connection since it is a single phase rectifier. connect a red. NB the wire you chose among red. blue or yellow cable to the next component which is our thyristor.  RL series branch with 700mH and 273 Ω.

Connect the wire of your choice from the diode to the first component of the load and then complete the connections as indicated on the circuit above. Measured values (half-wave) R-Load ° ° ° 0 18 36 0° 18° 36° ° ° 54 162 54° 162° 180 ° V rms V dc I rms I dc R-LLoad 180° V rms V dc I rms I dc R.CLoad ° 0 ° 18 36 ° ° 54 162 ° 180 ° V rms V dc I rms 10 .

180  200 V.  2x Diodes  4x digital multimeter. NB: The circuit should include all the measuring instruments required. R-L series and RC parallel loads showing all the working for the rectifier types given below.  R series branch with 273 Ω.  RC parallel branch with 10uF and 273 Ω. 11 . 126 . sketch a single phase Full wave Half controlled rectifier supplying power of 200V to a load that consist of 273Ω connected in series with an inductive of 700mH and capacitive of 10μF connected in parallel with the RL series branch. MEAN voltages and currents across and trough R. 162 .  2x thyristors. 54 . and calculate the RMS. 36 . 50 Hz single phase power supply.I dc Fig 3(b) PRE-PRACTICAL No: IV Single phase half-wave controlled rectifier 4.  RL series branch with 700mH and 273 Ω.  Single phase half-wave half controlled rectifier Components:  ° ° ° ° ° ° ° Firing Angles are: 0 18 .

1 Use the answers in question 4 to fill in the table below.4. Calculated values (half-wave) RLoad ° ° ° 0 18 36 0° 18° 36° ° ° 54 162 54° 162° 180 ° V rms V dc I rms I dc R-LLoad 180° V rms V dc I rms I dc 12 .

CLoad 0° 18° 36° 54° 162° 180° V rms V dc I rms I dc Fig: 4a Practical No: IV Single Phase Full Wave Half Controlled Rectifiers Constructed diagram  Use the circuit diagram drawn on your Pre-practical and construct it on working station and fill in the table in Fig 4b below : 13 .R.

Components:  200 V 50 Hz single phase power supply.  RL series branch with 700mH and 273 Ω.  2 x Diodes  4x digital multimeter. Procedure Since it is a single phase full-wave half controlled rectifier which is obtained by one live and a neutral. Measured values (half-wave) R-Load ° 0 ° 18 36 ° ° 54 162 ° 180 ° 14 . NB the wire you chose among red. From one of the live lines that we have. blue or yellow cable to the next component which is our thyristor. connect a red.  RC parallel branch with 10uF and 273 Ω.  R series branch with 273 Ω.  2x thyristors. but you will be using it with neutral (which is usually the black wire) to make a complete single phase circuit. Connect the wire of your choice from the diode to the first component of the load and then complete the connections as indicated on the circuit above. only one live line will be used from the three phase power supply to make it a single phase power supply. yellow and blue for the first connection you must continue using it until you finish your connection since it is a single phase rectifier.

CLoad V rms V dc I rms I dc Fig 4(b) 15 .V rms V dc I rms I dc R-LLoad 0° 18° 36° 54° 162° 180° 0° 18° 36° 54° 162° 180° V rms V dc I rms I dc R.

16 .