Anhang

A.5 Phase Current-Transformer Requirements

A.5

Phase Current-Transformer Requirements
The protection functions require current transformers that are dimension properly. This chapter describes the
characteristics required for the dimensioning of the current transformer. The specified rules pertaining to the
dimensioning apply the definition of protection current transformer found in IEC61869-2 Edition 1.0 (previously IEC 60044-1 and IEC 44-6). Dimension according to ANSI C57.13 is also described.
Settings

Description

ALF

Rated accuracy limit factor

ALF'

Operation accuracy limit factor

ALF'
Ipn (Ipr)

Primary rated current of the transformer

Isn (Isr)

Secondary rated current of the transformer

Rb

Ohmic rated burden

Rba

Connected ohmic operating burden

Srated

Dimensioning output rating

Rct

Secondary winding resistance

KSSC

Symmetric dimensioning over-current factor = Ipsc/Ipr

Ktd

Transient dimensioning factor

ISC A

Fault current during near fault; according to dimensioning factora

ISC B

Fault current during error at limit of zone Z1; according to dimensioning factor b

ISC Int

Maximum internal fault current for differential protection

ISC Ext

Maximum external (flow through) fault current for differential protection

Tp

Primary power system time constant L/R

a

Distance protection factor Ktd for near fault

b

Distance protection factor Ktd for errors at limit of zone Z1

Vta

Current terminal voltage with 20-fold rated current and connected burden Rba (ANSI
C57.13)

Ek

Knee-point voltage

The requirements for the dimensioning of the current transformer are shown in an example by applying the
IEC and ANSI characteristics.
Definition of the Requirements for the Dimensioning of the Current Transformer
Verify the current transformer requirements for the main protection function Distance protection and Line
differential protection.
Table A-2

Requirements According to IEC 60044-6 for Transformer Type, Class TPX and TPY

Function

Require a product Ktd · KSSC
Near Fault

Fault on Limit of Zone Z1

Internal fault

External fault

21 Distance protection

87L-Line differential
protection

SIPROTEC 5, Distance and Line Differential Protection, Breaker Management for 1-Pole and 3-Pole Tripping, Manual
C53000-G5040-C011-8, Edition 06.2016

1669

Edition 06. Distance and Line Differential Protection.2016 . Class PX or IEC 60044-6 Class TPS Function Required Knee-Point Voltage Ek Near Fault Fault on Limit of Zone Z1 Internal Fault External Fault 21 Distance protection 87L-Line differential protection Table A-5 Requirements According to ANSI C57. Manual C53000-G5040-C011-8.5 Phase Current-Transformer Requirements Table A-3 Requirements According to IEC61869-2 for Transformer Type. Class 5P/10P and 5PR/10PR Function Required ALF' Near Fault Fault on Limit of Zone Z1 Internal Fault External Fault 21 Distance protection 87L-Line differential protection Table A-4 Requirements According to IEC61869-2 for Transformer Type. Breaker Management for 1-Pole and 3-Pole Tripping.13 for Transformer Type. Class C Function Required Transformer Terminal Voltage Vta Near Fault Fault on Limit of Zone Z1 Internal Fault External Fault 21 Distance protection 87L-Line differential protection The diagram below shows the dimensioning factors for the distance protection: 1670 SIPROTEC 5.Anhang A.

en_US] Figure A-12 Example For this example. For new plants. is critical for the differential protection. Verifying the dimensioning of the current transformer is mandatory. Manual C53000-G5040-C011-8. in general. the following data apply: SIPROTEC 5. en_US] Figure A-11 Dimensioning Factors for the Distance Protection The parameters a and b were determined based on tests and theoretical analyses. Use the calculation method according to IEC61869 in the section 'Retripping procedure with remanence in transformer cores'. If the current transformers use a closed iron core.5 Phase Current-Transformer Requirements [lo_Dimensioning-fact-for-dist-prot. 1. Edition 06. In case of the high direct current components to be expected. the possible remanence must be considered. Siemens recommends the class TPZ. and TPY. Breaker Management for 1-Pole and 3-Pole Tripping. [lo_example-dist_diff-prot. The functions Line differential protection and Distance protection are instantiated as redundant main protection function. Distance and Line Differential Protection. For this purpose. so that an overfunction with external errors is avoided. Remanence Remanence leads to a premature saturation which. 1. Siemens recommends anti-remanence cores in the classes 5PR.2016 1671 . use the values of 12 ms (50 Hz) and 11ms (60 Hz) must be set for t´al .Anhang A. EXAMPLE: The line shown in the diagram below uses the protection device 7SL87.

en_US] Distance Protection: Recalculation of the Fault Current at the Zone Limit ISC_B In order to dimension the current transformer.0213 Ω Sdevice 0.5 Phase Current-Transformer Requirements Table A-6 Data for the Sample Calculation Settings Value Description Vrated 110 kV Rated Voltage frated 50 Hz Power frequency Radius zone 1 80 % Radius of zone Z1 Power system time constant (Tp) 90 ms Primary power system time constant L/R of feed ICable 51 m Length of the secondary current transformer supply lines ACable 4 mm2 Core cross section of the current transformer supply lines ISC A 15 kA ρ Cu 0. [fo_r_cable_totalconnected_ct_burden. 1. 1. en_US] [fo_r_relay_totalconnected_ct_burden. en_US] [fo_dis_z1_iscb_x_source.1 VA Short circuit current at fault location A mm2/m Specific resistance of copper table at 75°C Rated burden of protection device at rated current Calculation of the Connected Burden The burden Rba that is connected to the terminal of the current transformer derives from the double supply line resistance (supply and return line) and the device burden. Edition 06. 1. 1.2016 . Calculate the fault current using the loop resistance ZSC_B as follows: [fo_dis_z1_iscb_Z_source. en_US] [fo_dis_z1_iscb_RL. en_US] [fo_rba_totalconnected_ct_burden. 1. Breaker Management for 1-Pole and 3-Pole Tripping. en_US] 1672 SIPROTEC 5. 1. en_US] [fo_dis_z1_iscb_r_source. Manual C53000-G5040-C011-8.Anhang A. Distance and Line Differential Protection. 1. the fault current on the zone limit is required.

the maximum short circuit current at an external fault must be used. en_US] Distance Protection: Primary System Time Constant Tp_B at the Zone Limit For the definition of the dimensioning factor. 1. the following minimum requirements for the dimensioning of the current transformer apply: Distance protection: Near fault (Isc_A): SIPROTEC 5. Edition 06.Anhang A. Use the values RInfeed and XInfeed that were calculated for the distance protection. Breaker Management for 1-Pole and 3-Pole Tripping. Manual C53000-G5040-C011-8. 1. 1. en_US] Minimum Requirements for the Current Transformer Based on the previous calculations and the parameters in Table A-6 . Distance and Line Differential Protection. en_US] [fo_diff_Isc_ext. 1. en_US] [fo_diff_Xsc_ext. en_US] [fo_dis_z1_iscb_Iscb. 1. en_US] [fo_dis_z1_iscb_Zscb. en_US] [fo_dis_z1_iscb_Xscb.2016 1673 . 1. [fo_diff_Rsc_ext. the primary system time constant at fault location B must be calculated as follows: [fo_dis_z1_iscb_Tpb. en_US] Differential Protection: Calculation of the Flow Fault Current ISC_ext In order to calculate the differential protection. according to Figure A-11 . 1. 1.5 Phase Current-Transformer Requirements [fo_dis_z1_iscb_XL. 1. en_US] [fo_dis_z1_iscb_Rscb. 1. en_US] [fo_diff_Zsc_ext.

If combining the functions distance protection and differential protection.31 kA →b = 5 Function Require a Product Ktd · KSSC Near Fault Fault on Limit of Zone Z1 21 Distance protection In case of a near fault.5. Use this value to dimension the current transformer. Distance and Line Differential Protection. Edition 06. Isc_B = 6. the highest requirement on the product of Ktd · KSSC is a value of 7. the highest requirement on the product of Ktd · KSSC is a value of 60. the highest requirement on the product of Ktd · KSSC is a value of 60. Use this value to dimension the current transformer. In this example. Manual C53000-G5040-C011-8. Classes TPX and TPY: transformer classes are specified with KSSC.Anhang A.5 Phase Current-Transformer Requirements The primary system time constant for the near fault is 90 ms. Breaker Management for 1-Pole and 3-Pole Tripping. Ktd and Rb.6 ms. Isc_A = 15 kA → a = 4 Distance protection: Fault at the zone limit (Isc_B): The primary system time constant at the zone limit was calculated using Tp_B = 54. in case of a near fault. Use the distance protection from Figure A-11 to determine the dimensioning factor for near fault (a). Differential protection Maximum current during an internal fault: Isc_int = 15 kA Maximum current during an external fault: Isc_ext = 5. Use the distance protection from Figure A-11 to determine the dimensioning factor for the fault at the zone limit (b). Check the Current Transformer Dimensioning for Various Transformer Classes The previous calculated minimum requirements for the current transformer will be checked below. the current transformer uses the following parameters: KSSC = 20 Ktd = 5 Rb = 1 Ω The required minimum for KSSC is determined by the maximum fault current: 1674 SIPROTEC 5.51 kA Function Require a Product Ktd · KSSC Internal Fault External Fault 87L-Differential protection In case of a near fault. Use this value to dimension the current transformer.2016 .