.NET

Paragraph description

.net is a software framework the helps in language Interoperability (which is the ability of a
system or a product to work with other systems or products without special effort on the part of
the customer).
Programmes written .net framework execute in a software environment (known as comment
language runtime) as oppose to hardware environment.
The framework’s base crash library provides user interface, data asses, data connectivity,
cryptography, web application development, numeric algorithms, and network communications.
Developer produce their software by combining their own source code with .net framework and
other useful libraries.

Type of application that can be developed on .net framework:

a) ASP.NET web application (New web application)

b) Windows based application

10 Verbal Q+A

1) What is ASP.NET?
Ans:
ASP.NET is a specification developed by Microsoft to create dynamic web applications,
websites and web services.
2) What is the concept of Postback (In the context of web development,
a postback is an HTTP POST to the same page that the form is on. In
other words, the contents of the form are Posted back to the same URL
as the form) in ASP.NET?
Ans:

typing a web page URL in a browser window or

using JavaScript window.open method

If we see the view source for an ASP. in order to maintain the state between postbacks. Hidden form fields are used to store the state of objects on client side and returned back to server in subsequent request (as postback occurs). 3) What is the concept of view state in ASP.NET provides a mechanism called view state. we will find that hidden form field with Id = “__VIEWSTATE” something like the following: . clicking a hyperlink on a webpage page.NET? Ans: As in earlier question.NET web page. we understood the concept of postback. or. ASP. So.

can be access from anyware in the world through the internet whereas window based app.NET or C# are programming languages. VB. It is a server side technology. by using these languages we can program many technologies like ASP. Web applications run on webservers (usually IIS) Winforms Applications run on Clients 6) What are the ASP. need to be install on your machine to access.NET .net? Ans: ASP.4) What is the difference between asp. VB.NET based applications using VB as its programming language.For creating .NET.net? Ans: The main difference between the Web based application and Window based application is that the Web app. 5) What is difference between windows application and web application in . Windows Application.NET Page life Cycle and brief them about? Ans: .NET is not a programming language.net and vb.

Till this stage all the controls are initialized and loaded. controls state is saved in this stage before Rendering HTML. In most of the cases.  SaveViewState: Finally. We can easily put our code here to perform certain actions. Initialization: Controls raise their Init event in this stage.  Load: In this stage page as well as all the controls raise their Load event.  RaisePostBackEvent: is again a postback stage.Objects and variables are initializes for complete lifecycle of request. For example.  LoadPostBackData: is also a post back stage and loads the data posted for the controls and update them.  LoadViewState: is a post back stage and loads the view state for the controls that enabled its view state property. we are coding this event handler. . it’s raise against a button click event.

 Dispose: Lastly.t code and UI UI Derives from Control Derives from UserControl Defines UI in a ResourceDictionary Defines UI as normal XAML UI is skinable Child controls are skinable Has dynamic layout Has static layout UI is fixed and can't have different looks in UI can be changed in different projects different project Has full toolbox support Can't be added to the toolbox Defines a single control Defines a set of controls More flexible Not very flexible like a Custom Control 8) What are types of Validation controls in ASP.t code and A tightly coupled control w. Render: This is the stage where HTML is generated for the page. all objects associated with the request are cleaned up. 7) What is the difference between custom controls and user controls? Ans: Custom Control User Control A loosely coupled control w.r.NET? Ans: .r.

NET provides the following validation controls:  RequiredFieldValidator  RangeValidator  CompareValidator  RegularExpressionValidator  CustomValidator  ValidationSummary .ASP.

NET technologies. ASP.9) What is cookie? What are the types of cookies in asp.Net concepts files . ASP. . The . a.NET.youtube.NET Framework contains three major parts: The Common Language Runtime. such as desktop applications and Web services. and running applications and services that use .net is an open-source server-side Web application framework designed for Web development to produce dynamic Web pages.47hrs https://www. session cookie b. deploying. the Framework Class Library.NET Asp. It was developed by Microsoft to allow programmers to build dynamic web sites. which the server posts to client machines. web applications and web services.NET framework A programming infrastructure created by Microsoft for building. persistent cookie 10) What is garbage collection? Ans: It is a system where a run time component takes responsibility for managing the lifetime of objects and the heap memory that they occupy.com/watch?v=dSNd38zS6_M .net? Ans: Cookie is a lightweight executable program. Youtube link: 1.

Angular's data binding and dependency injection eliminate much of the code you would otherwise have to write. Traditionally used for desktop graphical user interfaces (GUIs). you can send data as asynchronous messages from one service endpoint to another. ASP. The Entity Framework is a set of technologies in ADO.NET Framework. or it can be a service hosted in an application. but from Entity framework version 6 it is separated from . A service endpoint can be part of a continuously available service hosted by IIS.Entity Framework It is an open source object-relational mapping (ORM) framework for ADO.NET framework. . AngularJS is a structural framework for dynamic web apps. including browsers and mobile devices. For example. this architecture has become extremely popular for designing web applications.NET Web API is an ideal platform for building RESTful applications on the . Architects and developers of data-oriented applications have typically struggled with the need to achieve two very different objectives. so as to separate internal representations of information from the ways that information is presented to or accepted from the user. XML is used to encode all communications to a web service.NET. Model–view–controller (MVC) is a software architectural pattern for implementing user interfaces on computers. Agile model is a combination of iterative and incremental process models with focus on process adaptability and customer satisfaction by rapid delivery of working software product. Using WCF. It divides a given software application into three interconnected parts. Web API is a framework that makes it easy to build HTTP services that reach a broad range of clients. It lets you use HTML as your template language and lets you extend HTML's syntax to express your application's components clearly and succinctly.NET that support the development of data-oriented software applications. Windows Communication Foundation (WCF) is a framework for building service-oriented applications. Agile Methods break the product into small incremental builds. These builds are provided in iterations. a client invokes a web service by sending an XML message.NET Framework. was a part of . A web service is any piece of software that makes itself available over the internet and uses a standardized XML messaging system. then waits for a corresponding XML response.

youtube.net Short youtube videos: https://www.Net application lifecycle ) .Images which help to understand basic .com/watch?v=qZrHeb0CoFQ ( ASP.

AdRotator D.config file is used. Choose the form in which Postback occur A. Webforms C. Configures the time that the server-side codebehind module is called B.. File Access Ans: LinkCounter 4. To store the global information and variable definitions for the application C. A. The first event triggers in an aspx page is. LinkCounter B. Page_click() Ans: Page_Init() . To configure the web browser Ans: To store the global information and variable definitions for the application 3. A. Winforms Ans: Webforms 2. Counter C. To configure the web server D. Page_Init() B.. Page_Load() C.Multiple choice questions: 1. Which of the following object is not an ASP component? A. HTMLForms B. Web.

The Control_Build() method C.Write() allows you to stream output Ans: Response.UI. A. Response. GacSvr32.CreateObject("Scripting.exe Ans: GacUtil. Create("FileSystemObject") C. How do we create a FileSystemObject? A.CreateObject("Scripting. System.exe C.Output.Write() andResponse. Which of the following method must be overridden in a custom control? A. Application Objects . System.Web.Write().Output. Which of the following tool is used to manage the GAC? A.Write() allows you to write formatted output C. Session Objects B. GacMgr.NET Web Form class inherit from by default? A.Form C.FileSystemObject") 8.FileSystemObject" D.UI.exe B. Response.Write() allows you to buffer output B.Page D.Write() allows you to write formatted output 6.exe D.Output.Output.net application using A.Output. RegSvr.Form Ans: System.Web.GUI.Output.UI.FileSystemObject") B. Response. Response.CreateObject("FileSystemObject") Ans: Server.exe 9. System.Page 10. Server. We can manage states in asp. GacUtil. The Render() method Ans: The Render() method 7. Difference between Response. Create Object:"Scripting.Web. System.Web.5.Web. The Paint() method B. What class does the ASP.Page B.Write() allows you to flush output D. The default constructor D. Server.

Viewstate D.C. All of the above Ans: All of the above HR HUMAN RESOURCES .

attracting. The goodwill and reputation of an organisation in the market may be one method. There may be offers of attractive salaries.BASIC HR TERMINOLOGIES 1) Recruitment Recruitment is a positive process of searching for prospective employees and stimulating them to apply for the jobs in the organisation. When more persons apply for jobs then there will be a scope for recruiting better persons. The publicity about the company being a professional employer may also assist in stimulating candidates to apply. . there is a need to attract more candidates. (ii) Developing the techniques to attract the suitable candidates. In order to select a best person. proper facilities for development. (iv) The next stage in this process is to stimulate as many candidates as possible to apply for jobs. and ensuring a supply of qualified personnel and making out selection process 2) Process of Recruitment: (i) Searching out the sources from where required persons will be available for recruitment. If young managers are to be recruited then institutions imparting instructions in business administration will be the best source. (iii) Using of good techniques to attract prospective candidates. Recruitment is concerned with reaching out. etc.

On the other hand. RECRUITMENT SELECTION . Recruitment is a process of searching out the potential applicants and inspiring them to apply for the actual or anticipated vacancy.3) Difference between Recruitment and Selection. Selection is a process of hiring employees among the shortlisted candidates.

5) Training Organized activity aimed at imparting information and/or instructions to improve the employee's performance or to help him or her attain a required level of knowledge or skill 6) Development HRD is a process by which the employees of an organisation are helped in a continuous and planned way to: .4) Performance management system Sometimes referred to as a PMS. A company with a properly executed performance management system can improve employee morale. increase productivity and retain its top workers. is the process that a company uses to appraise and recognize its personnel.

competency and knowledge as per the job requirement. Training is a learning process in which employees get an opportunity to develop skill. 8) Workforce diversity .  develop their capabilities as individual and discover and use their own inner potential for their own and /or organisational development purposes. 7) Difference between Training and Development. motivation and pride of employees. team work and collaboration among sub-units are strong and contribute to the professional well being. acquire or sharpen capabilities required to perform various functions associated with their present or expected future roles.  develop an organisational culture in which superior-subordinate relationship. Development is an educational process in which the personnel of the organization get the chance to learn the in depth application of theoretical knowledge for their overall growth.

religious and political beliefs. and any other perk you may receive. education. ethnicity. gender. such as free lunches and parking. Diverse workplaces are composed of employees with varying characteristics including. health insurance. socioeconomic background. bonuses. vacation. sexual orientation and geographic location 9) Compensation Compensation is the total amount of the monetary and non-monetary pay provided to an employee by an employer in return for work performed as required.Diversity has to do with more than race or ethnicity. Essentially. it's a combination of your pay. . but not limited to.

Layoff and Retrenchment Attrition in human resources refers to the gradual loss of employees over time. relatively high attrition is problematic for companies.10) Attrition. or material. Retention. Layoffs are not caused by any fault of the employees but by reasons such as lack of work. Permanent layoff is called redundancy. cash. Employee Retention refers to the ability of an organization to retain its employees. Retrenchment means involuntary separation of an employee due to the replacement of labour by machines or the close of the department. . In general. Layoff is suspension or termination of employment (with or without notice) by the employer or management.

It may also imply an expenditure incurred or a loss made.ACCOUNTANCY 1) Debit – DR An accounting entry is one wherein where there is either an increase in assets or a decrease in liabilities on a company's balance sheet. To debit an account means to enter an amount on the left side of the account. Generally these types of accounts are increased with a debit. The abbreviation for debit is dr Dividends (Draws) Expenses Assets Losses 1) Debit is associated with __________ side a) Left b) Right .

c) Bottom d) Top 2) When cash is received. the account Cash will be a) Debited b) Credited c) Ignored 3) A debit entry with an asset means that the asset has a) Increased b) Decreased c) Sold off 2) Credit – CR .

1) Credit is associated with __________ side a) Left b) Right c) Top d) Bottom 2) When a company pays a bill. Generally these types of accounts are increased with a credit: Gains Income Revenues Liabilities Stockholders' (Owner's) Equity The abbreviation for credit is cr. the account Cash will be a) Debited b) Credited c) Ignored 3) A credit entry for income means that it has been a) Earned b) Reduced c) Paid to .An accounting entry that may either decrease assets or increase liabilities and equity on the company's balance sheet. depending on the transaction. It may also imply an income received of gains made. To credit an account means to enter an amount on the right side of an account.

Similarly when you credit what goes out. Real Accounts Debit what comes in. which is why the receiver needs to be debited. credit what goes out This principle is applied in case of real accounts. When a person gives something to the organization. you are adding to the existing account balance. Thus when you debit what comes in. The converse of this is also true. land and building etc. They have a debit balance by default. This is exactly what needs to be done. it becomes an inflow and therefore the person must be credit in the books of accounts. .3) The Golden Rules of Accounting Personal Accounts Debit the Receiver. credit the giver This principle is used in the case of personal accounts. Real accounts involve machinery. you are reducing the account balance when a tangible asset goes out of the organization.

Nominal Accounts Debit all expenses and losses. the person’s name is _________ in our books of accounts a) Credited b) Debited c) All of above 3) Loss on sale of asset is recorded as a ______ item a) Credit b) Debit c) None of above . you increase the capital and by debiting expenses and losses. credit all incomes and gains This rule is applied when the account in question is a nominal account. When you credit all incomes and gains. you decrease the capital. The capital of the company is a liability. 1) Salary account is a __________ account a) Real b) Nominal c) Personal 2) When a person gives us cash. This is exactly what needs to be done for the system to stay in balance. Therefore it has a default credit balance.

Current assets are those that will be used within one year. Simply stated. . Anything tangible or intangible that can be owned or controlled to produce value and that is held to have positive economic value is considered an asset. such as a building.4) Asset An asset is an economic resource. Fixed assets (non current) are more long-term and will likely provide benefits to a company for more than one year. inventory or accounts receivable. assets represent value of ownership that can be converted into cash (although cash itself is also considered an asset) Assets are of two types. land or machinery. Typically this could be cash. Current assets and fixed assets.

wages payable. When the company pays the supplier. Liabilities are often viewed as claims on a company's assets. and income taxes payable. bonds payable. Less common liabilities are customer deposits and deferred revenues. liabilities can also be thought of as a source of a company's assets. the company's accounts payable is reduced. Accounts payable arise when a company purchases goods or services on credit from a supplier. However.1) Asset accounts have what type of balance? a) Debit b) Credit c) Contra d) All of above 2) Assets are usually reported on the balance sheet at which amount? a) Cost b) Market value c) Expected selling pric 3) Cash is what type of asset a) Current b) Fixed c) None 5) Liabilities A liability is an obligation and it is reported on a company's balance sheet. A common example of a liability is accounts payable. 1) Which account is not a liability account? a) Accounts Payable b) Notes Payable . When the company performs the work. Deferred revenues come about when customers prepay a company for work to be done in a future accounting period. Other common examples of liabilities include loans payable. interest payable. the liability will be reduced and the company will report the amount it earned as revenues on its income statement.

. Generally speaking. the term ‘capital’ refers to any financial resources or assets owned by a business that are useful in furthering development and generating income.c) Accrued expenses d) Cash 2) Liabilities have a credit balance a) True b) False 3) When liability decreases we have to _______ corresponding account a) Credit b) Debit 6) Capital Capital can include cash or other assets introduced into a business by the owners.

Capital. Money is used for the purchase and sale of goods or services within a company or between two companies or individuals and therefore has a more immediate purpose. and other assets that are more long-term and could benefit the company in the future.While it may seem that the term capital is almost the same as money. that form its base for generating revenue. stocks. also includes assets such as investments. Capital involves the aspects of a company that help build and improve it. there is an important difference between the two. 1) Which account increases equity? a) Expenses b) Withdrawals c) Treasury stock d) Revenues 2) Assets minus liabilities equals a) Capital b) Revenue c) Expenses . however.

The company may further sort these expenses by department. general and administrative (SG&A) expenses. the cost of the electricity used. wages and salaries that were incurred. A common nonoperating expense for a retailer is interest expense. rent for the retail space. etc.d) Profit 3) Withdrawals _________ capital a) Decreases b) Increases 7) Expense An expense is a cost that occurs as part of a company's operating activities during a specified accounting period. a retailer's operating expenses include 1) the cost of goods sold. advertising that took place. and 2) the selling. A retailer's nonoperating expenses pertain to its incidental activities. Expenses are often divided into two major classifications: operating and nonoperating. A retailer will likely incur the following expenses: the cost of goods sold. For example. and so on. 1) Under the accrual basis of accounting. expenses are reported in the accounting period when the a) b) c) d) Cash is paid Expenses are due Contracted Agreed date 2) Revenues minus __________ equals profit . commissions earned by the sales staff. Operating expenses involve a company's main activities. product line.

a) b) c) d) Expenses Assets Operating expense Liabilities 3) Expenses appear in a) Profit and Loss Account b) Balance Sheet c) Statement of Equity 8) Income Income is The flow of cash or cash-equivalents received from work (wage or salary). For instance. sale revenue of a business whose main aim is to sell biscuits is income generated from selling biscuits. capital (interest or profit).  Gains: Income that does not arise from the core operations of the entity. 1) Which of these is not included as a separate item in the basic accounting equation? a) Assets b) Liabilities c) Capital d) Revenue 2) The accrual basis of accounting records revenues when they are: a) Collected b) Earned c) Contracted d) Readily Available for Sale . If the business sells one of its factory machines. income from the transaction would be classified as a gain rather than sale revenue. There are two types of income:  Sale Revenue: Income earned in the ordinary course of business activities of the entity. or land (rent).

3) Rent and sales are forms of ________________________ income reported on the income statement a) Operating b) Non-operating c) Business d) Recurring 9) Earnings per share Earnings per share (EPS) is the portion of a company's profit allocated to each outstanding share of common stock. Earnings per share serves as an indicator of a company's profitability. Calculated as: 10) Profit and Loss Account .

Statement of Cash Flows . Statement of Changes In Owner's Equity d. 1) Which financial statement displays the revenues and expenses of a company for a period of time? a) Income Statement b) Balance Sheet c) Cash Flow d) Statement of stock holders equity 2) The net profit or loss for a particular period of time is reported on the a. Income Statement b. shows changes in accounts over a set period of time. Trial Balance d. reducing costs. "income statement." The income statement. or both.A profit and loss statement (P&L) is a financial statement that summarizes the revenues." and "income and expense statement. Balance Sheet c." "statement of operations. Income Statement b. usually a fiscal quarter or year. The P&L statement is also referred to as "statement of profit and loss". costs and expenses incurred during a specific period of time. Balance Sheet c." "statement of financial results. These records provide information about a company's ability – or lack thereof – to generate profit by increasing revenue. like the cash flow statement. Statement of Changes In Owner's Equity 3) The financial position of the business on a given date is reported on the a.

The balance sheets gets its name from the fact that the two sides of the equation above – assets on the one side and liabilities plus shareholders' equity on the other – must balance out.11) Balance sheet A balance sheet is a financial statement that summarizes a company's assets. as well as the amount invested by shareholders. These three balance sheet segments give investors an idea as to what the company owns and owes. . liabilities and shareholders' equity at a specific point in time. This is intuitive: a company has to pay for all the things it owns (assets) by either borrowing money (taking on liabilities) or taking it from investors (issuing shareholders' equity).

Income Statement b. Cash Flow Statement d.1) Which financial statement uses the expanded accounting equation? a. Statement of Stockholders Equity 2) The balance sheet heading will specify a a) period of time balane b) point of time balance 3) Which of the following is a category or element of the balance sheet? a) Expenses b) Losses c) Liabilities d) Gains . Balance Sheet c.

com/terms/d/debit.youtube.com/terms/e/eps.asp? ad=dirN&qo=serpSearchTopBox&qsrc=1&o=40186 4. Eps o http://www. Credit o http://www.com/watch?v=n59eD-5JKCE 5.com/terms/c/credit.investopedia. Asset .investopedia. Golden rules of accounting o https://www.investopedia.asp? ad=dirN&qo=serpSearchTopBox&qsrc=1&o=40186 2.VIDEO LINKS 1. Debit o http://www.asp? ad=dirN&qo=serpSearchTopBox&qsrc=1&o=40186 3.

Profit & loss .investopedia.com/terms/a/asset.asp? ad=dirN&qo=serpSearchTopBox&qsrc=1&o=40186 9.asp? ad=dirN&qo=serpSearchTopBox&qsrc=1&o=40186 7.asp? ad=dirN&qo=serpSearchTopBox&qsrc=1&o=40186 6. Incomes o http://www. Capital o http://www.investopedia.com/terms/e/expense.o http://www.asp? ad=dirN&qo=serpSearchTopBox&qsrc=1&o=40186 8.asp? ad=dirN&qo=serpSearchTopBox&qsrc=1&o=40186 10.com/terms/i/income. Liability o http://www. Expenses o http://www.investopedia.com/terms/l/liability.investopedia.com/terms/c/capital.investopedia.

o http://www.com/terms/b/balancesheet.asp? ad=dirN&qo=serpSearchTopBox&qsrc=1&o=40186 11. Balance sheet o http://www.asp? ad=dirN&qo=serpSearchTopBox&qsrc=1&o=40186 .investopedia.investopedia.com/terms/p/plstatement.