Decoding Zika Virus MapmyDoctor App Delhi NCR

Right through the evolution of mankind, a sense of curiosity & urge to understand the nature surrounding us has been
grave. Ever since Darwin gave the world; the origin of species, pace to know the unknown has been behemoth. With
the rapid progression that science has made, giving up on something is just not an option that human beings take
any more. The resolve & daunting struggle to win over the situation, is what has made us the smartest living breed on
the planet. One such thing that has started posing as a threat to us all is the Zika virus. A deadly virus spreading at
God speed has started to look lethal now.

Zika virus gets its name from the Zika forests of Uganda, Africa from where it is believed to have originated in the
1940’s in a lab monkey, used by scientists to develop vaccine for yellow fever. Zika can be transmitted through the
bite of the same mosquito that spreads dengue, chikanguniya and yellow fever. This mosquito belongs to the Aedes
genus family and usually bites during daytime & can transmit virus to any age group. It wasn’t till 1951, when first
signs of this virus were observed to be affecting human beings as well.

Not lethal for human colonies & fairly isolated till 2007, the Zika virus has been rapid in engulfing the human
settlements since then and continues to do so, raising its spread to alarming levels. Governments there have issued
strict advisories for women to avoid pregnancy for at least 8 months.

It is due to the fact that Zika virus can travel from mother to foetus via placenta & could result in microcephaly. A
condition where the head is abnormally small, due to incomplete brain development. Based on ongoing research &
newly found symptoms, Brazilian authorities have also concluded that Zika could potentially spread via saliva and
hence, extra precautions are needed. Other potential medium of transmission includes vector breeding as well
as sexual encounter with an infected subject.

Though, cryptic to the scientists & researchers even at this stage, here are some signs & symptoms of Zika infected
person:

Signs & Symptoms:

The most common symptoms of Zika include, fever, rash, joint pain and conjunctivitis.

One can also suffer from muscle pain and headache. The incubation period of Zika virus is about few days.

People usually don’t get sick enough to go to the hospital, and that’s exactly how the negligence begins.

Zika virus usually remains in the blood of an infected person for about a week but it can also be found
longer.

The symptoms of Zika are similar to those of dengue and chikanguniya.

Preventive measures:

Various preventive measures can aid in protection against Zika. Being careful and adhering to few points given below
can reduce the risk of Zika infection to a greater extent.

Avoid travelling to Zika inflicted countries

Beware of the causes and be cautious.

Monitor mosquito breeding: Factors that help mosquitoes thrive should be checked with high
priority.

1.

All Water storage facilities need to be cleaned & covered.

2.

Maintain clean and hygienic surroundings with good drainage systems and outdoor spaces.

3.

Keep windows tightly closed to keep mosquitoes outdoors.

4.

Spray the indoor/outdoor surroundings with insecticides to exterminate existing mosquitoes.

Dress wisely: Wear clothes that fully cover the bodies with minimal skin exposure & use repellents for open
parts. It is advised to wear lighter shades of clothes & avoid perfumed products to avoid attracting mosquitoes. Since
Zika mosquitoes bite during daytime, Doctors advise to take maximum precautions in the hours of daylight.

If you are using a sunscreen lotion, make sure to apply it & let it dry before applying mosquito repellent
over it.

Use of mosquito nets while sleeping is advisable to check any contact even when unaware.

Be proactive:

o

Get plenty of rest.

o

Drink fluids to prevent dehydration.

o

Take medicine such as acetaminophen to relieve fever and pain.

o

Do not take aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

If you are taking medicine for another medical condition, talk to your healthcare provider before taking
additional medication.

Consult a Doctor: In case of any doubts or symptoms that you notice similar to Zika, immediately visit a
nearby doctor for consultation.

Developing Vaccine: The World Health Organization along with health departments of countries around the
world is closely working on the program to develop effective vaccines & test them before human trials. Zika has
been declared an International Emergency hazard and international laws are being used to enforce the curative
& precautionary programs. As of today, there is no vaccine or cure for Zika virus infection, but we can definitely
take measures to effectively control the spread of the virus.