- askiitians_Maths_Test208
- eugene talbot student teaching lesson plan 1
- Geometry 1W11
- inmo 2001
- Straight+Line+-+Questions
- Perimeter, Median and Altitude of Triangle
- lesson 1 4-1 2
- Isogonal
- exam7
- aimeprac
- SBI Mains Set 1
- 2015-05-Xx Advice for Preparing for a Final Exam
- tower project paper
- TRIANGLES
- Triangles Important Questions Class 9
- v12_n2
- HW3
- (1869) The Farmers' & Mechanics' Manual
- common core algebra scope and sequence
- 33053073 Solution UPCAT Practice Test 1
- tartar_7
- elements of trigonometry (<200 pages)
- Geoboard Activities
- similarity trig lesson plan
- Steven_G._Krantz_An_episodic_history_of_mathematics._Mathematical_culture_through_problem_solving__2006.pdf
- unit 3 right triangle trigonometry te ppt
- Trigonometry.pdf
- Vishal Singh X'a'
- QBxii Appn of Der
- geometry-solutions_3.pdf
- Elon Musk: Tesla, SpaceX, and the Quest for a Fantastic Future
- Dispatches from Pluto: Lost and Found in the Mississippi Delta
- The Innovators: How a Group of Hackers, Geniuses, and Geeks Created the Digital Revolution
- Yes Please
- The Unwinding: An Inner History of the New America
- Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind
- The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of Cancer
- Grand Pursuit: The Story of Economic Genius
- This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. The Climate
- A Heartbreaking Work Of Staggering Genius: A Memoir Based on a True Story
- The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money & Power
- Devil in the Grove: Thurgood Marshall, the Groveland Boys, and the Dawn of a New America
- John Adams
- The World Is Flat 3.0: A Brief History of the Twenty-first Century
- The Hard Thing About Hard Things: Building a Business When There Are No Easy Answers
- Smart People Should Build Things: How to Restore Our Culture of Achievement, Build a Path for Entrepreneurs, and Create New Jobs in America
- Rise of ISIS: A Threat We Can't Ignore
- The New Confessions of an Economic Hit Man
- Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln
- Angela's Ashes: A Memoir
- Steve Jobs
- How To Win Friends and Influence People
- Bad Feminist: Essays
- You Too Can Have a Body Like Mine: A Novel
- The Incarnations: A Novel
- The Light Between Oceans: A Novel
- The Sympathizer: A Novel (Pulitzer Prize for Fiction)
- Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close: A Novel
- Leaving Berlin: A Novel
- The Silver Linings Playbook: A Novel
- The Master
- Bel Canto
- A Man Called Ove: A Novel
- Brooklyn: A Novel
- The Flamethrowers: A Novel
- The First Bad Man: A Novel
- We Are Not Ourselves: A Novel
- The Blazing World: A Novel
- The Rosie Project: A Novel
- The Love Affairs of Nathaniel P.: A Novel
- Life of Pi
- Lovers at the Chameleon Club, Paris 1932: A Novel
- The Bonfire of the Vanities: A Novel
- The Perks of Being a Wallflower
- The Cider House Rules
- A Prayer for Owen Meany: A Novel
- The Wallcreeper
- Wolf Hall: A Novel
- The Art of Racing in the Rain: A Novel
- The Kitchen House: A Novel
- Beautiful Ruins: A Novel
- Interpreter of Maladies
- Good in Bed

com

The achiever’s guide to academic life and beyond…

Website: http://academic-clinic.com

Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/academic.clinic

Twitter: http://twitter.com/acadclinic

College entrance exam and science high school entrance test tips. Conquer UPCAT, ACET, USTET,

DLSUCET, PSHS-NCE, and other entrance tests.

GEOMETRY POINTERS

Euclidean geometry axioms

As we have noted above, there is a set of the axioms – properties, that are considered in geometry as main ones

and are adopted without a proof . Now, after introducing some initial notions and definitions we can consider

the following sufficient set of the axioms, usually used in plane geometry.

Axiom of belonging. Through any two points in a plane it is possible to draw a straight line, and besides only

one.

Axiom of ordering. Among any three points placed in a straight line, there is no more than one point placed

between the two others.

Axiom of congruence ( equality ) of segments and angles. If two segments (angles) are congruent to the third

one, then they are congruent to each other.

Axiom of parallel straight lines. Through any point placed outside of a straight line it is possible to draw

another straight line, parallel to the given line, and besides only one.

Axiom of continuity ( Archimedean axiom ). Let AB and CD be two some segments; then there is a finite set

of such points A1 , A2 , … , An , placed in the straight line AB, that segments AA1 , A1A2 , … , An - 1An are

congruent to segment CD, and point B is placed between A and An .

We emphasize, that replacing one of these axioms by another, turns this axiom into a theorem, requiring a

proof. So, instead of the axiom of parallel straight lines we can use as an axiom the property of triangle angles

(“the sum of triangle angles is equal to 180 deg”). But then we should to prove the property of parallel lines.

Straight line

A general equation of straight line:

Ах + Ву + С = 0 ,

where А and В aren't equal to zero simultaneously.

Math III

-1-

**Feel free to pass this on to your friends, but please don’t post it online.
**

Discuss UPCAT and other college entrance exam questions and answers at Academic-Clinic’s

Facebook Page. We encourage you to answer the questions we post there and actively participate in

the discussions on our wall.

For UPCAT, ACET, DLSUCET and USTET tips, tricks, news and other college entrance exam

information, visit the Academic-Clinic website. Tell your friends and classmates to come find and join

us. The more, the merrier. Good luck!

**AcademicAcademic-Clinic.com
**

The achiever’s guide to academic life and beyond…

Website: http://academic-clinic.com

Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/academic.clinic

Twitter: http://twitter.com/acadclinic

College entrance exam and science high school entrance test tips. Conquer UPCAT, ACET, USTET,

DLSUCET, PSHS-NCE, and other entrance tests.

Coefficients А and В are coordinates of normal vector of the straight line ( i.e. vector, perpendicular to the

straight line ). At А = 0 straight line is parallel to the axis ОХ , at В = 0 straight line is parallel to the axis ОY .

At В 0 we receive an equation of straight line with a slope:

An equation of the straight line, going through the point ( х0 , у 0 ) and not parallel to the axis OY :

у – у 0 = m ( x – х0 ) ,

where m is a slope, equal to tangent of an angle between the straight line and the positive direction of the axis

ОХ .

At А 0, В 0 and С 0 we receive an equation of straight line in segments on axes:

**where a = – C / A, b = – C / B. This line goes through the points ( a, 0 ) and ( 0, b ), i.e. it cuts off segments a
**

and b long on the coordinate axes.

An equation of straight line going through two different points ( х1, у 1 ) and ( х2, у 2 ):

Math III

-2-

**Feel free to pass this on to your friends, but please don’t post it online.
**

Discuss UPCAT and other college entrance exam questions and answers at Academic-Clinic’s

Facebook Page. We encourage you to answer the questions we post there and actively participate in

the discussions on our wall.

For UPCAT, ACET, DLSUCET and USTET tips, tricks, news and other college entrance exam

information, visit the Academic-Clinic website. Tell your friends and classmates to come find and join

us. The more, the merrier. Good luck!

The more.com/acadclinic College entrance exam and science high school entrance test tips. is a distance between them. DLSUCET. the straight line KM. and Fig. Tell your friends and classmates to come find and join us. and other entrance tests. PSHS-NCE.com/academic.AcademicAcademic-Clinic. A length of perpendicular segment. Conquer UPCAT. Discuss UPCAT and other college entrance exam questions and answers at Academic-Clinic’s Facebook Page. is perpendicular to all others. For UPCAT. CD. the merrier. which are called two-by-two: Math III -3- Feel free to pass this on to your friends. The designation: AB|| CD. ACET. if their directions are the same and 180 deg. All points of one line are equidistant from another line. We encourage you to answer the questions we post there and actively participate in the discussions on our wall. news and other college entrance exam information. eight angles are formed (Fig. All straight lines.com The achiever’s guide to academic life and beyond… Website: http://academic-clinic. All perpendiculars (AB. visit the Academic-Clinic website.clinic Twitter: http://twitter.13). ACET. USTET. Inversely.11 ) are called parallel straight lines. Parallel straight lines Two straight lines AB and CD ( Fig.12) to the one straight line KM are parallel between themselves. At intersecting two parallel straight lines by the third line. but please don’t post it online. An angle between two parallel rays is equal to zero. parallel to one straight line are parallel between themselves. which is perpendicular to one of parallel straight lines.com Facebook: http://www. tricks.facebook. It’s adopted that an angle between parallel straight lines is equal to zero. EF. DLSUCET and USTET tips. concluded between two parallel straight lines. Good luck! . if the directions are opposite. if they lie in the same plane and don’t intersect however long they may be continued.

The more. 2 and 6. or sum of them is 180 deg. these angles are equal two-by-two: ( 1 = 5. 4 and 6 ). they are equal two-by-two. they are equal two-by-two.AcademicAcademic-Clinic. Angles with correspondingly parallel sides either are equal one to another.com/academic. 2) alternate interior angles ( 4 and 5.clinic Twitter: http://twitter. 4 = 8 ). DLSUCET and USTET tips.com The achiever’s guide to academic life and beyond… Website: http://academic-clinic. 2 and 8 ). Fig. 2 and 7 ). 3) alternate exterior angles ( 1 and 8. ACET. 4) one-sided interior angles (3 and 5. tricks. DLSUCET. visit the Academic-Clinic website. but please don’t post it online. 4 + 6 = 180 deg). a sum of them two-by-two is equal to180 deg ( 1 + 7 = 180 deg. ACET. Fig. Math III -4- Feel free to pass this on to your friends. 2 = 6. the merrier.com/acadclinic College entrance exam and science high school entrance test tips.15 ). Tell your friends and classmates to come find and join us. Angles with correspondingly perpendicular sides are also either equal one to another ( if both of them are acute or both are obtuse ). 3 and 6 ). and other entrance tests.com Facebook: http://www. or sum of them is 180 deg ( 3 + 4 = 180 deg. PSHS-NCE. Good luck! .14 ). For UPCAT. Discuss UPCAT and other college entrance exam questions and answers at Academic-Clinic’s Facebook Page. 1) corresponding angles (1 and 5. 3 and 7. USTET. 4 and 8 ). Conquer UPCAT. 1 = 2. a sum of them two-by-two is equal to180 deg ( 3 + 5 = 180 deg. 3 = 7. news and other college entrance exam information. 2 + 8 = 180 deg). 5) one-sided exterior angles ( 1 and 7.facebook. ( if both of them are acute or both are obtuse. We encourage you to answer the questions we post there and actively participate in the discussions on our wall.

com Facebook: http://www. Tell your friends and classmates to come find and join us.com The achiever’s guide to academic life and beyond… Website: http://academic-clinic. Math III -5- Feel free to pass this on to your friends. DLSUCET. PSHS-NCE. Good luck! . but please don’t post it online. USTET.AcademicAcademic-Clinic.clinic Twitter: http://twitter. the angle sides are divided into the proportional segments: Angles Angle is a geometric figure ( Fig.com/acadclinic College entrance exam and science high school entrance test tips. We encourage you to answer the questions we post there and actively participate in the discussions on our wall. news and other college entrance exam information. going out of the same point O (a vertex of an angle).16 ).facebook. The more. and other entrance tests. For UPCAT. Discuss UPCAT and other college entrance exam questions and answers at Academic-Clinic’s Facebook Page. formed by two rays OA and OB ( sides of an angle ). DLSUCET and USTET tips. visit the Academic-Clinic website.com/academic. tricks. Conquer UPCAT. Thales' theorem. ACET.1 ). ACET. the merrier. At intersecting sides of an angle by parallel lines ( Fig.

an angle greater than 90 deg ( Fig. DLSUCET and USTET tips. An angle is signed by the symbol and three letters. Signs of angles. About a radian measure see below in the point “A length of arc” and also in the section “Trigonometry”. the merrier. One degree is divided by 60 minutes ( a designation is ‘ or min ).3 ). forming a right angle.facebook. visit the Academic-Clinic website. one minute – correspondingly by 60 seconds ( a designation is “ or sec ). ACET. If the straight lines AB and MK are perpendicular. if a rotation is executed opposite a clockwise. PSHS-NCE. ACET. We encourage you to answer the questions we post there and actively participate in the discussions on our wall.com The achiever’s guide to academic life and beyond… Website: http://academic-clinic. this is signed as: AB MK. but please don’t post it online. Here a unit of measurement is a degree ( its designation is ° or deg ) – a turn of a ray by the 1/360 part of the one complete revolution.com/academic. and other entrance tests. So. is called an acute angle.2 ) is called a right or direct angle. if the ray OA displaces to the ray OB as shown on Fig. An angle of 90 deg ( Fig. tricks. are called mutually perpendicular lines. For example. and negative – otherwise. An angle is considered as positive.com/acadclinic College entrance exam and science high school entrance test tips. marking ends of rays and a vertex of an angle: AOB (moreover. Conquer UPCAT. a vertex letter is placed in the middle). that transfers a ray OA to the position OB. USTET. an angle lesser than 90 deg ( Fig.5 AOB = – 90 deg. A measure of an angle is a value of a turn around a vertex O. For UPCAT. A degree measure. Tell your friends and classmates to come find and join us. Good luck! .com Facebook: http://www. but on Fig.AcademicAcademic-Clinic. news and other college entrance exam information. is called an obtuse angle. DLSUCET. Math III -6- Feel free to pass this on to your friends.2. the complete revolution of a ray is equal to 360 deg. then AOB = + 90 deg. Straight lines. The more. Two units of angles measures are widely used: a radian and a degree. Discuss UPCAT and other college entrance exam questions and answers at Academic-Clinic’s Facebook Page.clinic Twitter: http://twitter.4 ).

Fig. Conquer UPCAT. Vertically opposite (vertical) angles ( Fig.com Facebook: http://www. other two sides OA and OC form a continuation one to another.9) are continuations one of the other. that sides of one angle are continuations of the other: AOB and COD ( and also AOC and DOB ) are vertical angles.10) are mutually perpendicular lines. having the common vertex O and the common side OB. Bisectors of vertical angles (OM and ON. Discuss UPCAT and other college entrance exam questions and answers at Academic-Clinic’s Facebook Page.com The achiever’s guide to academic life and beyond… Website: http://academic-clinic. We encourage you to answer the questions we post there and actively participate in the discussions on our wall. visit the Academic-Clinic website.com/acadclinic College entrance exam and science high school entrance test tips. news and other college entrance exam information.7) – such two angles with a common vertex. but please don’t post it online. a sum of supplementary (adjacent) angles is equal to 180 deg. DLSUCET and USTET tips. ACET. Good luck! . DLSUCET.com/academic.AcademicAcademic-Clinic. The property of an angle bisector: any point of an angle bisector is placed by the same distance from the angle sides. PSHS-NCE. For UPCAT. and other entrance tests. tricks. USTET. Bisectors of supplementary angles (OM and ON.facebook. Fig. So. Tell your friends and classmates to come find and join us. ACET.clinic Twitter: http://twitter. Supplementary (adjacent) angles ( Fig. Math III -7- Feel free to pass this on to your friends.6 ) – angles AOB and COB. the merrier. dividing the angle in two (Fig.8). A bisector of an angle is a ray. The more.

21 ). then this triangle is a right-angled triangle. the merrier. DLSUCET.clinic Twitter: http://twitter.facebook. Conquer UPCAT. DLSUCET and USTET tips. Good luck! .com The achiever’s guide to academic life and beyond… Website: http://academic-clinic.20 ). sides a. if one of the angles is obtuse ( B. called a hypotenuse. Sides of triangle are signed often by small letters.com Facebook: http://www. Fig. opposite to a right angle. visit the Academic-Clinic website. USTET. Fig. news and other college entrance exam information. but please don’t post it online. then this triangle is an obtuse-angled triangle.com/academic. then this triangle is an acute-angled triangle. The more. Discuss UPCAT and other college entrance exam questions and answers at Academic-Clinic’s Facebook Page. Triangle Triangle is a polygon with three sides (or three angles). If all the three angles are acute ( Fig. b.22 ). side c. and other entrance tests.AcademicAcademic-Clinic. PSHS-NCE. ACET. corresponding to designations of opposite vertices. are called legs. Tell your friends and classmates to come find and join us. ACET. forming a right angle.com/acadclinic College entrance exam and science high school entrance test tips. tricks. We encourage you to answer the questions we post there and actively participate in the discussions on our wall. Math III -8- Feel free to pass this on to your friends. For UPCAT. if one of the angles is right ( C. signed by capital letters.

that each angle in an equilateral triangle is equal to 60 deg. ACET.com The achiever’s guide to academic life and beyond… Website: http://academic-clinic.AcademicAcademic-Clinic. In particular. and other entrance tests. The more. if the two of its sides are equal (a = c). and inversely. For UPCAT.com Facebook: http://www. but please don’t post it online. Main properties of triangles. A triangle ABC is an isosceles triangle (Fig.com/acadclinic College entrance exam and science high school entrance test tips. In general case ( a b c ) we have a scalene triangle. In any triangle: 1.24). An angle. the merrier. 25). 2. news and other college entrance exam information.facebook. the third side is called a base of triangle. Any side of a triangle is less than a sum of two other sides and more than their difference ( a < b + c. c < a + b. A sum of triangle angles is equal to 180 deg. all angles in an equilateral triangle are also equal. we receive an exterior angle BCD. We encourage you to answer the questions we post there and actively participate in the discussions on our wall. Angles.com/academic. b < a + c. 4. lying opposite the greatest side. not supplementary with it: BCD = A + B. if all of its sides are equal (a = b = c). a > b – c. Discuss UPCAT and other college entrance exam questions and answers at Academic-Clinic’s Facebook Page.clinic Twitter: http://twitter. are also equal. b > a – c. and inversely. DLSUCET and USTET tips. 5. c > a – b ).23). Good luck! . tricks. is also the greatest angle. Conquer UPCAT. Tell your friends and classmates to come find and join us. ACET. 3. Continuing one of the triangle sides (AC . these equal sides are called lateral sides. An exterior angle of a triangle is equal to a sum of interior angles. USTET. DLSUCET. Math III -9- Feel free to pass this on to your friends. From the two last properties it follows. Fig. PSHS-NCE. visit the Academic-Clinic website. A triangle ABC is an equilateral triangle (Fig. lying opposite the equal sides.

We encourage you to answer the questions we post there and actively participate in the discussions on our wall. 5) a leg and an opposite acute angle of one of triangles are equal to a leg and an opposite acute angle of another. adjacent to them.26) is placed inside of the triangle. DLSUCET and USTET tips. tricks. 4) a leg and an adjacent acute angle of one of triangles are equal to a leg and an adjacent acute angle of another.10 - Feel free to pass this on to your friends. but please don’t post it online. ACET. An orthocenter of an acute-angled triangle (point O. c) three sides. Fig. USTET. PSHS-NCE. Two triangles are congruent. the merrier.AcademicAcademic-Clinic. an orthocenter of a right-angled triangle coincides with a vertex of the right angle. Three heights of triangle always intersect in one point. Conquer UPCAT. if one of the following conditions is valid: 1) their legs are equal. Math III . b) two angles and a side. This side is called a base of triangle in this case.com/academic. Discuss UPCAT and other college entrance exam questions and answers at Academic-Clinic’s Facebook Page. news and other college entrance exam information.com Facebook: http://www.com/acadclinic College entrance exam and science high school entrance test tips. and other entrance tests. Altitude (height) of a triangle is a perpendicular. Good luck! . Tell your friends and classmates to come find and join us. 2) a leg and a hypotenuse of one of triangles are equal to a leg and a hypotenuse of another. visit the Academic-Clinic website. For UPCAT. DLSUCET.27) – outside of the triangle.com The achiever’s guide to academic life and beyond… Website: http://academic-clinic. called an orthocenter of a triangle. ACET. Remarkable lines and points of triangle.clinic Twitter: http://twitter. The more. 3) a hypotenuse and an acute angle of one of triangles are equal to a hypotenuse and an acute angle of another. if they have accordingly equal: a) two sides and an angle between them.facebook. Theorems about congruence of triangles. and an orthocenter of an obtuse-angled triangle (point O. Two right-angled triangles are congruent. dropped from any vertex to an opposite side (or to its continuation). Theorems about congruence of right-angled triangles. Fig.

considering from a vertex.AcademicAcademic-Clinic. news and other college entrance exam information.clinic Twitter: http://twitter. ACET. but please don’t post it online. DLSUCET. Three bisectors of a triangle (AD. Fig. CF. visit the Academic-Clinic website. BE. Three medians of triangle ( AD. Discuss UPCAT and other college entrance exam questions and answers at Academic-Clinic’s Facebook Page. from a vertex to a point of intersection with an opposite side. which is a center of gravity of this triangle. Good luck! .com/acadclinic College entrance exam and science high school entrance test tips. which is a center of an inscribed circle (see the section “Inscribed and circumscribed polygons”). Bisector is a segment of the angle bisector. Median is a segment. The more. PSHS-NCE. Math III .com Facebook: http://www. tricks.com The achiever’s guide to academic life and beyond… Website: http://academic-clinic. ACET. Conquer UPCAT. joining any vertex of triangle and a midpoint of the opposite side.com/academic.facebook. For UPCAT. BE. DLSUCET and USTET tips. Tell your friends and classmates to come find and join us. and other entrance tests.29) intersect in the one point (always lied inside of triangle). USTET. This point divides each median by ratio 2:1. CF. We encourage you to answer the questions we post there and actively participate in the discussions on our wall. Fig.28 ) intersect in one point O (always lied inside of a triangle). the merrier.11 - Feel free to pass this on to your friends.

for instance. but please don’t post it online. news and other college entrance exam information.12 - Feel free to pass this on to your friends. in an obtuse-angled triangle . ACET.com/academic. visit the Academic-Clinic website. DLSUCET.in the middle of the hypotenuse. Good luck! . A proof of Pythagorean theorem is clear from Fig. Consider a right-angled triangle ABC with legs a. N. M. A bisector divides an opposite side into two parts.com/acadclinic College entrance exam and science high school entrance test tips. a center of gravity. For UPCAT. the merrier. tricks. and other entrance tests.outside of the triangle.com Facebook: http://www. USTET. proportional to the adjacent sides. DLSUCET and USTET tips. An orthocenter. each drawn through the middle of its side ( points K. Pythagorean theorem. circumscribed around the triangle ( circumcircle ).30 ). a center of an inscribed circle and a center of a circumcircle coincide only in an equilateral triangle. We encourage you to answer the questions we post there and actively participate in the discussions on our wall.com The achiever’s guide to academic life and beyond… Website: http://academic-clinic. In an acute-angled triangle this point lies inside of the triangle. b and a hypotenuse c.30 ). Fig. intersect in one point O. Conquer UPCAT. in a right-angled triangle .29 AE : CE = AB : BC . on Fig. Midperpendicular is a perpendicular.AcademicAcademic-Clinic. PSHS-NCE. Fig.31.facebook. which is a center of circle. Tell your friends and classmates to come find and join us. Discuss UPCAT and other college entrance exam questions and answers at Academic-Clinic’s Facebook Page.clinic Twitter: http://twitter. ACET. drawn from a middle point of a segment (side). In a right-angled triangle a square of the hypotenuse length is equal to a sum of squares of legs lengths. The more.Three midperpendiculars of a triangle ( ABC. Math III .

ACET.13 - Feel free to pass this on to your friends.com/acadclinic College entrance exam and science high school entrance test tips. For UPCAT. c² + 2 ab = ( a + b )².clinic Twitter: http://twitter. The more. we have: c² = a² + b². Good luck! . and other entrance tests. DLSUCET. Relation of sides’ lengths for arbitrary triangle. Now it is clear. the side length of which is equal to a + b . to receive the square CDEF. that an area of the square CDEF is equal to ( a + b )².com The achiever’s guide to academic life and beyond… Website: http://academic-clinic.com/academic. but please don’t post it online. Tell your friends and classmates to come find and join us. visit the Academic-Clinic website. Then continue sides of the right-angled triangle ABC so. ACET. DLSUCET and USTET tips.AcademicAcademic-Clinic. the merrier. In general case ( for any triangle ) we have: Math III . On the other hand. and finally. We encourage you to answer the questions we post there and actively participate in the discussions on our wall. this area is equal to a sum of areas of four right-angled triangles and a square AKMB. Build the square AKMB. Discuss UPCAT and other college entrance exam questions and answers at Academic-Clinic’s Facebook Page. USTET.com Facebook: http://www. news and other college entrance exam information. hence. that is c² + 4 ( ab / 2 ) = c² + 2 ab . using hypotenuse AB as its side. tricks. Conquer UPCAT. PSHS-NCE.facebook.

14 - Feel free to pass this on to your friends. B= D ).32 ). DLSUCET. tricks. A sum of squares of diagonals is equal to a sum of squares of four sides: AC² + BD² = AB² + BC² + CD² + AD² . the merrier. ACET. news and other college entrance exam information.AcademicAcademic-Clinic. 2. Properties of a parallelogram. but please don’t post it online. visit the Academic-Clinic website. Fig. The more. 3.com The achiever’s guide to academic life and beyond… Website: http://academic-clinic. Conquer UPCAT. a distance between them is called a height ( BE. and other entrance tests. Diagonals of a parallelogram are divided in their intersection point into two ( AO = OC. For UPCAT. Math III . USTET. Opposite angles of a parallelogram are equal ( A= C.facebook. BO = OD ). Fig. Good luck! . Parallelogram and trapezoid Parallelogram ( ABCD. Signs of a parallelogram. where C – an angle between sides a and b . c² = a² + b² – 2ab · cos C. AD = BC ). 4. PSHS-NCE. Opposite sides of a parallelogram are equal ( AB = CD.clinic Twitter: http://twitter.com Facebook: http://www. ACET. DLSUCET and USTET tips. We encourage you to answer the questions we post there and actively participate in the discussions on our wall. Any two opposite sides of a parallelogram are called bases.32 ) is a quadrangle. Tell your friends and classmates to come find and join us.com/academic. 1.com/acadclinic College entrance exam and science high school entrance test tips. opposite sides of which are two-by-two parallel. Discuss UPCAT and other college entrance exam questions and answers at Academic-Clinic’s Facebook Page.

Math III . if one of the following conditions takes place: 1. For UPCAT. Two opposite sides are equal and parallel ( AB = CD. Rectangle.facebook. Good luck! .AcademicAcademic-Clinic. Sides of rectangle are its heights simultaneously. ACET. 4. AB || CD ). but please don’t post it online. 3. If one of angles of parallelogram is right.15 - Feel free to pass this on to your friends. A square of a diagonal length is equal to a sum of squares of its sides’ lengths ( see above Pythagorean theorem ): AC² = AD² + DC². This parallelogram is called a rectangle ( Fig.com/acadclinic College entrance exam and science high school entrance test tips.com/academic. then this parallelogram is called a rhombus ( Fig. 2. ACET. USTET.clinic Twitter: http://twitter. If all sides of parallelogram are equal. Tell your friends and classmates to come find and join us. DLSUCET and USTET tips. Conquer UPCAT. and other entrance tests. We encourage you to answer the questions we post there and actively participate in the discussions on our wall. A quadrangle is a parallelogram. Discuss UPCAT and other college entrance exam questions and answers at Academic-Clinic’s Facebook Page. visit the Academic-Clinic website.com Facebook: http://www. Diagonals of a rectangle are equal: AC = BD. DLSUCET. B= D ). tricks. then all angles are right (why ?).34 ) .com The achiever’s guide to academic life and beyond… Website: http://academic-clinic. PSHS-NCE. Main properties of a rectangle. the merrier. BO = OD ). news and other college entrance exam information. AD = BC ). Opposite angles are equal two-by-two ( A= C. The more. Rhombus. Diagonals are divided in their intersection point into two ( AO = OC.33 ). Opposite sides are equal two-by-two ( AB = CD.

tricks. Tell your friends and classmates to come find and join us. For UPCAT. is called a midline of a trapezoid. and other entrance tests. so. visit the Academic-Clinic website. ABD = CBD etc. news and other college entrance exam information.facebook. DLSUCET and USTET tips. Discuss UPCAT and other college entrance exam questions and answers at Academic-Clinic’s Facebook Page. two opposite sides of which are parallel (Fig. BD ) and divide its angles into two ( DCA = Square is a parallelogram with right angles and equal sides ( Fig. but please don’t post it online. We encourage you to answer the questions we post there and actively participate in the discussions on our wall. ). DLSUCET. Conquer UPCAT. the two others ( AB and CD ) – lateral sides. USTET. Here AD || BC.com/acadclinic College entrance exam and science high school entrance test tips.16 - Feel free to pass this on to your friends.36). A midline of a trapezoid is equal to a half-sum of bases: Math III . joining midpoints E and F of the lateral sides.35 ).com Facebook: http://www. ACET.com The achiever’s guide to academic life and beyond… Website: http://academic-clinic. A square is a particular case of a rectangle and a rhombus simultaneously. The segment EF. Good luck! . Trapezoid is a quadrangle.clinic Twitter: http://twitter.com/academic. ACET.AcademicAcademic-Clinic. The more. it has all their above mentioned properties. Diagonals of a rhombus are mutually perpendicular ( AC BCA. Parallel sides are called bases of a trapezoid. the merrier. A distance between bases (BM) is a height. PSHS-NCE.

h – a height. The more. A cube: Math III . perimeters and areas of upper and lower bases of truncated prism and pyramid.com/academic. tricks. In an isosceles trapezoid angles by each base. r – a radius of a base. ACET. diameters. D – a diameter of a ball. are equal ( A = D. the merrier. A right prism: Slat = ph . d – a diameter of a base. visit the Academic-Clinic website. c – dimensions of a right angled parallelepiped. DLSUCET and USTET tips.This property follows from the previous part. when one of its bases transforms to a point. We encourage you to answer the questions we post there and actively participate in the discussions on our wall. as triangle can be considered as a limit case (“degeneration”) of a trapezoid. news and other college entrance exam information. A right angled parallelepiped: V = abc . ACET.clinic Twitter: http://twitter. R – a radius of a ball. and parallel to them: EF || AD and EF || BC. Conquer UPCAT.AcademicAcademic-Clinic. A parallelogram can be considered as a particular case of trapezoid. and other entrance tests. Midline of a triangle is a segment. Volumes and areas of body surfaces Designations: V – a volume. USTET. b.com The achiever’s guide to academic life and beyond… Website: http://academic-clinic. PSHS-NCE. Discuss UPCAT and other college entrance exam questions and answers at Academic-Clinic’s Facebook Page. S – a base area.com/acadclinic College entrance exam and science high school entrance test tips. A prism ( right and oblique ) and a parallelepiped: V = Sh . a. A trapezoid with equal lateral sides ( AB = CD ) is called an isoscelestrapezoid. For UPCAT. B = C ). A – an apothem of a regular pyramid and a regular truncated pyramid.17 - Feel free to pass this on to your friends. DLSUCET. P = 2 ( ab + bc + ab ) . Good luck! . but please don’t post it online. Slat – a lateral surface area. A midline of a triangle is equal to half of its base and parallel to it. indices 1 and 2 are related to radii. L – a generatrix of a cone.com Facebook: http://www. Tell your friends and classmates to come find and join us. P – a full surface area.facebook. joining midpoints of lateral sides of a triangle. p – a perimeter or a circumference of a base.

the merrier. For UPCAT. ACET. and other entrance tests.com/acadclinic College entrance exam and science high school entrance test tips. PSHS-NCE. ACET. A pyramid ( regular and irregular ) : A regular pyramid: A truncated pyramid ( regular and irregular ) : A regular truncated pyramid: A circular cylinder ( right and oblique ): Math III .clinic Twitter: http://twitter. V=a³ . DLSUCET and USTET tips.com/academic. Discuss UPCAT and other college entrance exam questions and answers at Academic-Clinic’s Facebook Page. USTET. The more. but please don’t post it online. P=6a² . Tell your friends and classmates to come find and join us. news and other college entrance exam information.com The achiever’s guide to academic life and beyond… Website: http://academic-clinic. DLSUCET. Conquer UPCAT. Good luck! . tricks.18 - Feel free to pass this on to your friends.com Facebook: http://www. We encourage you to answer the questions we post there and actively participate in the discussions on our wall.AcademicAcademic-Clinic. visit the Academic-Clinic website.facebook.

DLSUCET.com/academic. Conquer UPCAT. DLSUCET and USTET tips. Tell your friends and classmates to come find and join us.com The achiever’s guide to academic life and beyond… Website: http://academic-clinic.com/acadclinic College entrance exam and science high school entrance test tips. ACET. the merrier. The more. A round cylinder : A circular cone ( round and oblique): A round cone: A truncated circular cone ( round and oblique ): A truncated round cone: Math III . Good luck! . visit the Academic-Clinic website.19 - Feel free to pass this on to your friends. tricks. PSHS-NCE. but please don’t post it online.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.AcademicAcademic-Clinic. USTET. For UPCAT. and other entrance tests. ACET. news and other college entrance exam information. Discuss UPCAT and other college entrance exam questions and answers at Academic-Clinic’s Facebook Page. We encourage you to answer the questions we post there and actively participate in the discussions on our wall.clinic Twitter: http://twitter.

ACET.com/acadclinic College entrance exam and science high school entrance test tips. For UPCAT. Discuss UPCAT and other college entrance exam questions and answers at Academic-Clinic’s Facebook Page. and other entrance tests.com The achiever’s guide to academic life and beyond… Website: http://academic-clinic. We encourage you to answer the questions we post there and actively participate in the discussions on our wall.clinic Twitter: http://twitter. DLSUCET. visit the Academic-Clinic website. Good luck! .20 - Feel free to pass this on to your friends. A sphere ( ball ): A hemisphere: A spherical segment: A spherical layer: Math III . ACET. USTET. Tell your friends and classmates to come find and join us. PSHS-NCE. The more. DLSUCET and USTET tips.AcademicAcademic-Clinic.facebook. the merrier. but please don’t post it online.com/academic. Conquer UPCAT.com Facebook: http://www. news and other college entrance exam information. tricks.

USTET. Tell your friends and classmates to come find and join us.com Facebook: http://www.clinic Twitter: http://twitter. and other entrance tests. D2 – radii and diameters of external and internal spherical surfaces correspondingly. DLSUCET. D1 .com The achiever’s guide to academic life and beyond… Website: http://academic-clinic.facebook. ACET. contained in the sector. the merrier. A number R > 0 is called a radius of circle. DLSUCET and USTET tips. but please don’t post it online. For UPCAT.1 ) is a locus of points.com/acadclinic College entrance exam and science high school entrance test tips. news and other college entrance exam information. PSHS-NCE. Discuss UPCAT and other college entrance exam questions and answers at Academic-Clinic’s Facebook Page. Conquer UPCAT. The more. Circle A circle ( Fig. called a center of circle. A hollow ball: here R1 . We encourage you to answer the questions we post there and actively participate in the discussions on our wall. visit the Academic-Clinic website. Math III . equidistant from the given point О. tricks.21 - Feel free to pass this on to your friends. at the distance R. Good luck! . A spherical sector: here h – a height of a segment. ACET.AcademicAcademic-Clinic.com/academic. R2 .

Discuss UPCAT and other college entrance exam questions and answers at Academic-Clinic’s Facebook Page.com/academic.facebook. ACET. ACET. DLSUCET and USTET tips. but please don’t post it online. We encourage you to answer the questions we post there and actively participate in the discussions on our wall. Let Р ( х1 . then an equation of circle becomes: х 2 + у 2 = R2 . then an equation of tangent line to circle in the given point is: ( х1 – х0 ) ( х – х0 ) + ( у1 – у 0 ) ( у – у 0 ) = R 2 . Tell your friends and classmates to come find and join us. DLSUCET.clinic Twitter: http://twitter. An equation of circle of radius R with a center in a point О ( х0 . у 0 ) is: ( х – х0 ) 2 + ( у – у 0 ) 2 = R 2 . A tangency condition of a straight line y = m x + k and a circle х 2 + у 2 = R 2 : k2 / ( 1 + m 2) = R2 .22 - Feel free to pass this on to your friends. news and other college entrance exam information. For UPCAT. Math III .com The achiever’s guide to academic life and beyond… Website: http://academic-clinic. If a center of the circle coincides with the origin of coordinates. Conquer UPCAT. PSHS-NCE. and other entrance tests. tricks.com Facebook: http://www. у 1 ) be a point of the circle ( Fig. visit the Academic-Clinic website. the merrier.AcademicAcademic-Clinic. The more.com/acadclinic College entrance exam and science high school entrance test tips.1 ). Good luck! . USTET.

visit the Academic-Clinic website. USTET. DLSUCET and USTET tips. but please don’t post it online.facebook. We encourage you to answer the questions we post there and actively participate in the discussions on our wall.com/academic. ACET.23 - Feel free to pass this on to your friends. the merrier. PSHS-NCE.clinic Twitter: http://twitter. news and other college entrance exam information. ACET. The more. and other entrance tests. Tell your friends and classmates to come find and join us. tricks. For UPCAT. Math III .com The achiever’s guide to academic life and beyond… Website: http://academic-clinic. DLSUCET.com/acadclinic College entrance exam and science high school entrance test tips. Good luck! .AcademicAcademic-Clinic. Conquer UPCAT.com Facebook: http://www. Discuss UPCAT and other college entrance exam questions and answers at Academic-Clinic’s Facebook Page.

- askiitians_Maths_Test208Uploaded byprasanthiammulu
- eugene talbot student teaching lesson plan 1Uploaded byapi-304800863
- Geometry 1W11Uploaded bytamilanba
- inmo 2001Uploaded byAshutosh Singh
- Straight+Line+-+QuestionsUploaded byNameet Jain
- Perimeter, Median and Altitude of TriangleUploaded byExamville.com
- lesson 1 4-1 2Uploaded byapi-210608556
- IsogonalUploaded bySafa Salih Gürlü
- exam7Uploaded byBardh3
- aimepracUploaded byxpgong
- SBI Mains Set 1Uploaded byNibha Pandey
- 2015-05-Xx Advice for Preparing for a Final ExamUploaded bysamjshah
- tower project paperUploaded byapi-310904397
- TRIANGLESUploaded byAnand Kumar Jatav
- Triangles Important Questions Class 9Uploaded bySingaravelu Subramanian
- v12_n2Uploaded byPranav Teja
- HW3Uploaded byFernanda Madrona
- (1869) The Farmers' & Mechanics' ManualUploaded byHerbert Hillary Booker 2nd
- common core algebra scope and sequenceUploaded byapi-255511023
- 33053073 Solution UPCAT Practice Test 1Uploaded byNovee Grace Saguan Subaldo
- tartar_7Uploaded byTrungNguyễnChí
- elements of trigonometry (<200 pages)Uploaded byadityacsk
- Geoboard ActivitiesUploaded byyiannis
- similarity trig lesson planUploaded byapi-121560518
- Steven_G._Krantz_An_episodic_history_of_mathematics._Mathematical_culture_through_problem_solving__2006.pdfUploaded byMario Zamora
- unit 3 right triangle trigonometry te pptUploaded byapi-325344728
- Trigonometry.pdfUploaded byAhmet Serdengecti
- Vishal Singh X'a'Uploaded byVishal Singh
- QBxii Appn of DerUploaded byParesh Modi
- geometry-solutions_3.pdfUploaded bySahabudeen Salaeh